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Formulação de Subsídios para Elaboração
de Zoneamento Ecológico-Econômico do
Núcleo Original de Desertificação de
Gilbués,estudo de caso dos municípios de
Gilbués e Monte Alegre, Estado do Piauí
Formulaçãodesubsídiosparaelaboraçãodezoneamentoecológico-econômicodonúcleooriginaldedesertificaçãodeGilbués,estudodecasodemunicípiosdeGilbuéseMonteAlegre,EstadodoPiauí
SHIS QI 3, Lote A, bloco F, Centro Empresarial Terracota, 71605-450 - Brasília /DF
fone: +55 (61) 2106.5477, fax: +55 (61) 2106.5459, email: iica.br@ica.int
www.iica.org.br
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© Instituto Interamericano de Cooperação para a Agricultura (IICA) - 2010
O IICA promove o uso justo deste material, pelo que se solicita sua respectiva
citação. Esta pubicação também está disponível em formato eletrônico (PDF) no
sítio Web institucional http://www.iica.org.br
Instituto Interamericano de Cooperação para a Agricultura
Carlos Américo Basco - Representante do IICA no Brasil
Equipe Técnica – IICA
Gertjan B. Beekman - Coordenação Técnica - IICA
Heithel Souza Silva - Supervisor do PCT - Apoio ao Fortalecimento da Capacida-
de Técnica, Institucional e Gerencial do DNOCS.
Emanuel Gonçalves de Melo - Coordenador de Enlace do PCT - Apoio ao Forta-
lecimento da Capacidade Técnica, Institucional e Gerencial do DNOCS.
Juliano de Queiroz Souza - Responsável Operacional
Marcus Vinícius Batista de Souza - Responsável Técnico
Romélia Moreira de Souza - Responsável Administrativo
Renata Mendes Luna - Consultora
Participantes
Orlando W. Pereira - Agroecologista do CEDAGRO
Afrânio Alves - Consultor
Autores do Banco de Dados Geográficos
Edison Crepani - INPE
José Simeão de Medeiros - INPE
Alessandro Ferraz Palmeira - INPE
Enio Fraga da Silva - EMBRAPA
Brasília, Brasil
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(
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Presidência da República
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
Ministério do Meio Ambiente
Ministro Carlos Minc Baumfeld
Secretário Egon Krakhecke - Secretaria de Extrativismo e Desenvolvimento Rural
Ministério da Integração Nacional
Ministro Geddel Vieira Lima
Departamento Nacional de Obras Contra as Secas - DNOCS
Diretor Geral Elias Fernandes Neto
Agência Brasileira de Cooperação do Ministério das Relações Exteriores
Ministro Marco Farani
Projeto de Cooperação Técnica (Projeto BRA/IICA/02/012) – Apoio ao For-
talecimento da Capacidade Técnica, Institucional e Gerencial do DNOCS.
Elias Fernandes Neto - Diretor Nacional do Projeto (DNOCS)
José Alberto de Almeida - Coordenador da Instituição Nacional Executora (DNOCS)
Raquel Cristina B. V. Pontes - Coordenadora Substituto da Instituição Nacional
Executora (DNOCS)
Instituições Parceiras
Ministério do Meio Ambiente - MMA
Ministério da Integração Nacional - MI
Departamento Nacional de Obras Contra as Secas - DNOCS
Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - FUNCATE/INPE
Governo do Estado do Piauí
FundaçãoCearensedeMeteorologiaeRecursosHídricosdoEstadodoCeará-FUNCEME
Universidade Federal do Piauí
Universidade Estadual do Piauí
ONG SOS Gilbués
Prefeituras de Gilbués e Monte Alegre
Banco do Nordeste - BNB
Núcleo de Pesquisa de Recuperação de Áreas Degradadas em Gilbués - NUPERADE
Apoio
José Carvalho Rufino (CEST/PI)
Capa e diagramação
Brazuca Propaganda
Impressão
Editora Gráfica Guarany Ltda.
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Considerado como um dos núcleos de Desertificação no Brasil
como caracterizado pelo Plano de Ação Nacional-PAN Brasil e lo-
calizado no sul do Estado do Piauí, Gilbués é um município que
possui uma população, de grande resiliência no convívio e de ca-
pacidade de adaptação as adversidade impostas pelos processos de
desertificação. A região apresenta grande capacidade produtiva e que
é evidenciada pela produção de commodities em grãos de grande
importância para economia do País.
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:4Í906
Apresentação...........................................................................................7
Prefácio pelo IICA..................................................................................9
Prefácio pelo DNOCS..........................................................................10
1. Introdução........................................................................................14
2. Reuniões Institucionais.....................................................................29
3. Discussões sobre os Fundamentos e Conceitos do ZEE.....................33
4. Procedimentos para a Implementação do ZEE..................................41
5. Ordenamento Territorial Ambiental..................................................45
6. Combate aos Efeitos da Desertificação e Convivência com a Seca........49
6.1 As Bases Ambientais e Socioeconômicas do ZEE.........................50
6.2 ZEE na Região de Gilbués e Monte Alegre..................................52
7. Os Planos de Informação - Funcate/INPE.........................................55
8. Banco de Dados Geográficos (BDG) de parte do Núcleo de Desetificação
de Giulbués (Municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre do Piauí)..............61
8.1 Modelo de Imagem.....................................................................61
8.1.1 PI Imagens TM Landsat 5........................................................61
8.1.2 PI Imagens ETM Landsat 7.....................................................62
8.1.3 PI Imagens MSS Landsat 1......................................................63
8.1.4 PI GeoCover TM Landsat 5.....................................................64
8.1.5 PI GeoCover ETM+Landsat 7.................................................64
8.1.6 PI Imagens CBERS-2..............................................................65
8.1.7 PI Imagens SRTM_90.............................................................65
8.1.8 PI Imagens SRTM_14.............................................................66
8.1.9 PI Imagens combinadas SRTM_14/Geocover ETM+..............66
8.1.10 PI Cartas Topográficas 1: 100.000.........................................67
8.2 Planos de Informação da Categoria do Modelo Cadastral e do Modelo
Temático...............................................................................................68
8.2.1 PI Limites Municipais..............................................................68
8.2.2 PI Geologia..............................................................................68
8.2.3 PI Geomorfologia....................................................................72
8.2.4 PI Solos....................................................................................75
8.2.5 PI Uso da Terra e Cobertura Vegetal.........................................78
8.2.6 PI Unidades de Paisagem..........................................................81
8.2.7 PI Hidrografia..........................................................................84
8.2.8 PI Áreas de Preservação Permanente..........................................87
8.2.9 PI Rodovias.............................................................................95
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8.2.10 PI Sistemas Aquíferos Aflorantes............................................96
8.2.11 PI Aptidão Agrícola...............................................................99
8.2.12 PI Vulnerabilidade à Perda de Solo.......................................103
8.2.12.1 Avaliação da Vulnerabilidade à Perda de Solo da Paisa-
gem....................................................................................................105
8.2.12.2 Mapa de Vulnerabilidade à Perda de Solo........................ 120
8.2.13 PI Incompatibilidade Legal..................................................127
8.2.14 PI Uso Indicado...................................................................131
8.2.15 O PI Subsídio à Gestão Territorial........................................138
8.2.16 PI Evolução do Processo de Degradação...............................142
8.2.17 PI Mineração ......................................................................146
8.3 Planos de Informação da Categoria do Modelo Numérico............147
8.3.1 Modelo Numérico.................................................................147
8.3.1.1 PI SRTM_90......................................................................147
8.3.1.2 PI SRTM_14......................................................................147
8.3.1.3 PI Altimetria.......................................................................147
8.4 Modelo Objeto/Cadastral/Temático..............................................150
8.4.1 PI Hidrogeologia...................................................................150
8.4.2 PI Estações Pluviométricas.....................................................157
8.4.3 PI Intensidade Pluviométrica.................................................157
8.4.4 PI Precipitação Pluviométrica................................................161
8.4.5 Reserva Legal.........................................................................163
9. Conclusões.....................................................................................171
Bibliografia.........................................................................................173
Anexos.................................................................................................181
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Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
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Nas reuniões técnicas mantidas com o representante da Secretaria
de Políticas para o Desenvolvimento Sustentável, responsável pela co-
ordenação do Programa Nacional de Zoneamento Ecológico e Econô-
mico, foram discutidas as diretrizes metodológicas para o ZEE, a ser
desenvolvido para Gilbués e Monte Alegre do Piauí.
A dimensão e a abrangência territorial deverão considerar o enfo-
que tático operacional, como preconizado pelas diretrizes metodoló-
gicas, e ser dirigidas aos níveis das administrações municipal e estadu-
al. Entre outros, os seguintes aspectos serão contemplados.
• Apoiar o gerenciamento de ações de conservação e proteção do
capital ou ativos ambientais em nível local.
• Reduzir os riscos de comprometimento das funções e dos servi-
ços dos sistemas ecológicos constituintes do contexto ambiental da
região.
• Subsidiar planos de monitoramento e de acompanhamento de in-
dicadores e referências em apoio à sistemática de avaliação de im-
pactos ambientais, assim como do futuro Plano Diretor.
• Subsidiar planos de manejo de unidades de conservação.
As escalas de detalhe utilizadas para retratar as informações possi-
bilitam analisar os subsistemas ambientais caracterizados pelas UTBs
(Unidades Territoriais Básicas). Essas unidades representam o resul-
tado da intersecção dos sistemas naturais versus o uso e ocupação do
solo ou território, delineando e dimensionando a vocação regional
como instrumento para um ZEE.
a) As escalas de semi-detalhe recomendadas são maiores que
250.000, preferencialmente entre 1:100.000 e 1:50.000;
b) As escalas de detalhe deverão ser maiores que 1:50.000
*SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HI
HIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu
A UTB representa, portanto, a célula elementar de informação e
análise para um zoneamento, na forma de uma entidade geográfica que
contém atributos ambientais que permitem diferenciá-la dos territó-
rios adjacentes, ao mesmo tempo em que possui características ineren-
tes, que a vinculam e articulam à complexa rede integrada do mosaico
constituído por outras unidades territoriais.
Diante do exposto, depreende-se que:
• Os diversos ZEEs, em suas diversas escalas, não se substituem
nem se superpõem, no HQWDQWR FRPSOHPHQWDPVH HP VHXV REMH
WLYRV HQIRTXHV H PHWDV
‡ 2 PDFURGLDJQyVWLFR QmR p REWLGR SHOD VLPSOHV VRPD GRV GLDJ
QyVWLFRV GHWDOKDGRV
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REWHQomR GH LQIRUPDo}HV SULPiULDV PDQWHQKDP LQWHUDomR H DUWL
FXODomR H KDUPRQL]HP SURFHGLPHQWRV FRP R REMHWLYR GH SHUPL
WLU R DFHVVR D GDGRV H LQIRUPDo}HV GH LQWHUHVVH FRPXP
‡ 3DUD TXH XP =(( DWLQMD VHXV REMHWLYRV p HVVHQFLDO TXH QD VXD
FRQVWUXomR D SDUWLFLSDomR S~EOLFD VHMD D PDLV DPSOD SRVVtYHO
HQYROYHQGR WRGRV RV HVWUDWRV VRFLRHFRQ{PLFRV XWLOL]DQGRVH
HQWUH RXWURV GRV LQVWUXPHQWRV GH GLYXOJDomR GLVVHPLQDomR H
FRPXQLFDomR PXOWLPtGLD
2V DVSHFWRV PHQFLRQDGRV RULHQWDUDP DV GLVFXVV}HV FRQGX]LGDV
SRU RFDVLmR GD UHDOL]DomR GD 2ÀFLQD =(( QRV GLDV  H  GH DJRV
WR GH  QD )XQFHPH)RUWDOH]D H QRV GLDV  H  GR PHVPR
PrV H DQR QR 1XSHUDGH*LOEXpV FRP GLYHUVRV UHSUHVHQWDQWHV
VHWRULDLV TXH IRL VXEVLGLDGD FRP RV 3,V 3ODQRV GH ,QIRUPDomR
HODERUDGRV SHOR ,13(
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2 UHVXOWDGR GHVWDV RÀFLQDV HVWi FRQVROLGDGR HP UHODWyULRV HVSH
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XP 3ODQR 'LUHWRU FRQWHPSODQGR R 5HRUGHQDPHQWR 7HUULWRULDO H
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HIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu
RV SDUWLFLSDQWHV H HQYROYLGRV DR ORQJR GH WRGR R SURFHVVR GHVHQFD
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j 'HVHUWLÀFDomR LGHQWLÀFRXVH D QHFHVVLGDGH GD FULDomR GRV 3RQWRV
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DWHQGLPHQWR jV GHPDQGDV GD VRFLHGDGH 7UDWDVH GH XP SURFHVVR FR
OHWLYR RQGH QmR FDEH D LQGLYLGXDOLGDGH PDV XP WUDEDOKR GDV UHGHV
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Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.

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Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.

  • 1. Formulação de Subsídios para Elaboração de Zoneamento Ecológico-Econômico do Núcleo Original de Desertificação de Gilbués,estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, Estado do Piauí Formulaçãodesubsídiosparaelaboraçãodezoneamentoecológico-econômicodonúcleooriginaldedesertificaçãodeGilbués,estudodecasodemunicípiosdeGilbuéseMonteAlegre,EstadodoPiauí SHIS QI 3, Lote A, bloco F, Centro Empresarial Terracota, 71605-450 - Brasília /DF fone: +55 (61) 2106.5477, fax: +55 (61) 2106.5459, email: iica.br@ica.int www.iica.org.br
  • 2. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HI HIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu -6943(h²6 +, :):Ð+06: 7(9( ( ,3()69(h²6 +6 A65,(4,5;6 ,*63Ô.0*6 ,*65Õ40*6 +6 5Ø*3,6 690.05(3 +, +,:,9;0-0*(h²6 +, .03)i: ,:;+6 +, *(:6 +6: 450*Ð706: +, .03)i: , 465;, (3,.9, 56 ,:;(+6 +6 70(Ð
  • 3. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HI HIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu © Instituto Interamericano de Cooperação para a Agricultura (IICA) - 2010 O IICA promove o uso justo deste material, pelo que se solicita sua respectiva citação. Esta pubicação também está disponível em formato eletrônico (PDF) no sítio Web institucional http://www.iica.org.br Instituto Interamericano de Cooperação para a Agricultura Carlos Américo Basco - Representante do IICA no Brasil Equipe Técnica – IICA Gertjan B. Beekman - Coordenação Técnica - IICA Heithel Souza Silva - Supervisor do PCT - Apoio ao Fortalecimento da Capacida- de Técnica, Institucional e Gerencial do DNOCS. Emanuel Gonçalves de Melo - Coordenador de Enlace do PCT - Apoio ao Forta- lecimento da Capacidade Técnica, Institucional e Gerencial do DNOCS. Juliano de Queiroz Souza - Responsável Operacional Marcus Vinícius Batista de Souza - Responsável Técnico Romélia Moreira de Souza - Responsável Administrativo Renata Mendes Luna - Consultora Participantes Orlando W. Pereira - Agroecologista do CEDAGRO Afrânio Alves - Consultor Autores do Banco de Dados Geográficos Edison Crepani - INPE José Simeão de Medeiros - INPE Alessandro Ferraz Palmeira - INPE Enio Fraga da Silva - EMBRAPA Brasília, Brasil )RUPXODomR GH 6XEVtGLRV SDUD D (ODERUDomR GR =RQHDPHQWR (FROyJLFR (FR Q{PLFR GR 1~FOHR 2ULJLQDO GH 'HVHUWLÀFDomR GH *LOEXpV HVWXGR GH FDVR GRV PXQLFtSLRV GH *LOEXpV H 0RQWH DOHJUH QR HVWDGR GR 3LDXt ,,$ ² %UDVLOLD ,,$ S FP ; FP ,6%1 =RQHDPHQWR HFROyJLFRHFRQ{PLFR 'HVHUWLÀFDomR 5HFXUVRV QDWXUDLV RQVHUYDomR GRV UHFXUVRV 'HVHQYROYLPHQWR 5HJLRQDO , ,,$ ,, 7tWXOR $*5,6 '(:( (
  • 4. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HI HIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu Presidência da República Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva Ministério do Meio Ambiente Ministro Carlos Minc Baumfeld Secretário Egon Krakhecke - Secretaria de Extrativismo e Desenvolvimento Rural Ministério da Integração Nacional Ministro Geddel Vieira Lima Departamento Nacional de Obras Contra as Secas - DNOCS Diretor Geral Elias Fernandes Neto Agência Brasileira de Cooperação do Ministério das Relações Exteriores Ministro Marco Farani Projeto de Cooperação Técnica (Projeto BRA/IICA/02/012) – Apoio ao For- talecimento da Capacidade Técnica, Institucional e Gerencial do DNOCS. Elias Fernandes Neto - Diretor Nacional do Projeto (DNOCS) José Alberto de Almeida - Coordenador da Instituição Nacional Executora (DNOCS) Raquel Cristina B. V. Pontes - Coordenadora Substituto da Instituição Nacional Executora (DNOCS) Instituições Parceiras Ministério do Meio Ambiente - MMA Ministério da Integração Nacional - MI Departamento Nacional de Obras Contra as Secas - DNOCS Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - FUNCATE/INPE Governo do Estado do Piauí FundaçãoCearensedeMeteorologiaeRecursosHídricosdoEstadodoCeará-FUNCEME Universidade Federal do Piauí Universidade Estadual do Piauí ONG SOS Gilbués Prefeituras de Gilbués e Monte Alegre Banco do Nordeste - BNB Núcleo de Pesquisa de Recuperação de Áreas Degradadas em Gilbués - NUPERADE Apoio José Carvalho Rufino (CEST/PI) Capa e diagramação Brazuca Propaganda Impressão Editora Gráfica Guarany Ltda.
  • 5. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HI HIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu -6943(h²6 +, :):Ð+06: 7(9( ( ,3()69(h²6 +6 A65,(4,5;6 ,*63Ô.0*6 ,*65Õ40*6 +6 5Ø*3,6 690.05(3 +, +,:,9;0-0*(h²6 +, .03)i: ,:;+6 +, *(:6 +6: 450*Ð706: +, .03)i: , 465;, (3,.9, 56 ,:;(+6 +6 70(Ð Considerado como um dos núcleos de Desertificação no Brasil como caracterizado pelo Plano de Ação Nacional-PAN Brasil e lo- calizado no sul do Estado do Piauí, Gilbués é um município que possui uma população, de grande resiliência no convívio e de ca- pacidade de adaptação as adversidade impostas pelos processos de desertificação. A região apresenta grande capacidade produtiva e que é evidenciada pela produção de commodities em grãos de grande importância para economia do País. RP R SURSyVLWR GH GHVHQYROYHU RV YiULRV FRPSRQHQWHV UHOD FLRQDGRV DRV WHPDV =RQHDPHQWR (FROyJLFR(FRQ{PLFR H GHVHUWLÀ FDomR RV GLULJHQWHV GR 'QRFV RSWDUDP SRU VROLFLWDU DR ,,$ R HQ YROYLPHQWR GLUHWR QD H[HFXomR GD DWLYLGDGH QR kPELWR GR 3URMHWR GH RRSHUDomR 7pFQLFD ´$SRLR DR )RUWDOHFLPHQWR GD DSDFLGDGH 7pFQLFD ,QVWLWXFLRQDO H *HUHQFLDOµ GR 'HSDUWDPHQWR 1DFLRQDO GH 2EUDV FRQWUD D 6HFD ² '126 yUJmR H[HFXWLYR GR 0LQLVWpULR GD ,QWHJUDomR 1DFLRQDO
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  • 15. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HI HIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu :4Í906 Apresentação...........................................................................................7 Prefácio pelo IICA..................................................................................9 Prefácio pelo DNOCS..........................................................................10 1. Introdução........................................................................................14 2. Reuniões Institucionais.....................................................................29 3. Discussões sobre os Fundamentos e Conceitos do ZEE.....................33 4. Procedimentos para a Implementação do ZEE..................................41 5. Ordenamento Territorial Ambiental..................................................45 6. Combate aos Efeitos da Desertificação e Convivência com a Seca........49 6.1 As Bases Ambientais e Socioeconômicas do ZEE.........................50 6.2 ZEE na Região de Gilbués e Monte Alegre..................................52 7. Os Planos de Informação - Funcate/INPE.........................................55 8. Banco de Dados Geográficos (BDG) de parte do Núcleo de Desetificação de Giulbués (Municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre do Piauí)..............61 8.1 Modelo de Imagem.....................................................................61 8.1.1 PI Imagens TM Landsat 5........................................................61 8.1.2 PI Imagens ETM Landsat 7.....................................................62 8.1.3 PI Imagens MSS Landsat 1......................................................63 8.1.4 PI GeoCover TM Landsat 5.....................................................64 8.1.5 PI GeoCover ETM+Landsat 7.................................................64 8.1.6 PI Imagens CBERS-2..............................................................65 8.1.7 PI Imagens SRTM_90.............................................................65 8.1.8 PI Imagens SRTM_14.............................................................66 8.1.9 PI Imagens combinadas SRTM_14/Geocover ETM+..............66 8.1.10 PI Cartas Topográficas 1: 100.000.........................................67 8.2 Planos de Informação da Categoria do Modelo Cadastral e do Modelo Temático...............................................................................................68 8.2.1 PI Limites Municipais..............................................................68 8.2.2 PI Geologia..............................................................................68 8.2.3 PI Geomorfologia....................................................................72 8.2.4 PI Solos....................................................................................75 8.2.5 PI Uso da Terra e Cobertura Vegetal.........................................78 8.2.6 PI Unidades de Paisagem..........................................................81 8.2.7 PI Hidrografia..........................................................................84 8.2.8 PI Áreas de Preservação Permanente..........................................87 8.2.9 PI Rodovias.............................................................................95
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  • 59. TXH FRQWD FRP R DSRLR GD RRUGHQDomR 7pFQLFD GH RPEDWH j 'HVHUWLÀFDomR GR 00$ 0LQLVWpULR GR 0HLR $PELHQWH
  • 60. H GD 8QLYHUVLGDGH )HGHUDO GR 3LDXt (VWH Q~FOHR GH SHVTXLVD EXVFD LGHQWLÀFDU WpFQLFDV DGHTXD GDV H PHWRGRORJLDV SDUD OLGDU FRP R SUREOHPD GD GHVHUWLÀFDomR SRU PHLR GH Do}HV HVWUXWXUDQWHV RX VHMD Do}HV GH LQWHUYHQomR ItVLFD TXH SHUPLWDP R FRQWUROH GRV SURFHVVRV GH HURVmR H GH SHUGD GH VROR 'LIHUHQWH GH RXWURV Q~FOHRV GH GHVHUWLÀFDomR *LOEXpV HVWi QRWD ELOL]DGD SRU VRIUHU XP IRUWH SURFHVVR GH GHVHUWLÀFDomR SURYRFDGR SRU HURVmR KtGULFD FHUFD GH PP GH SUHFLSLWDomR SOXYLRPpWULFD FRQFHQWUDGD HP FHUFD GH FLQFR PHVHV TXH DOLDGD j DOWD KLGURVVROX ELOLGDGH GRV VRORV WHP VLGR UHVSRQViYHO SHOD LQWHQVD SHUGD GH VRORV 2 HIHLWR GR HVFRDPHQWR VXSHUÀFLDO GD HURVmR H GR DVVRUHDPHQWR FRPR IRUoD PRWUL] H HVFXOSLGRUD FRQIHUH j UHJLmR XP DVSHFWR FrQL FR SHFXOLDU GH GUDPiWLFD EHOH]D RPR XPD GDV FRQVWLWXLQWHV LQWHJUDQWHV GR RQVyUFLR =(( %UDVLO WHQGR FRPR H[SHULrQFLD DGTXLULGD RV WUDEDOKRV GHVHQYROYL GRV QR =RQHDPHQWR (FROyJLFR H (FRQ{PLFR =((
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  • 63. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HI HIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu 6 7YVQL[V $ SUHVHQWH LQLFLDWLYD YLVD DOpP GH VXSULU DV GHPDQGDV VXSUDFLWD GDV FRQWHPSODU R IRUWDOHFLPHQWR LQVWLWXFLRQDO H D FDSDFLGDGH WpF QLFD LQVWDODGD 'HVWD IRUPD R HQIRTXH HVWDUi RULHQWDGR SDUD FULDU FRQGLo}HV IDYRUiYHLV DR XVR H PDQHMR GRV GDGRV H LQIRUPDo}HV H GRV LQVWUXPHQWRV GH JHRWHFQRORJLD D VHUHP DGRWDGRV SDUD RV HVWX GRV GR =(( 4XDQGR VH GLUHFLRQD R LQVWUXPHQWR =(( SDUD RV VLVWHPDV GH SODQHMDPHQWR HVWD DomR GHYH HVWDU DSRLDGD HP XPD EDVH GH GDGRV RUJDQL]DGD TXH IRUQHoD LQIRUPDo}HV LQWHJUDGDV VREUH R WHUULWyULR YLVDQGR R SODQHMDPHQWR HVWUDWpJLFR H VHWRULDO R TXH SRGHUi UHVXOWDU QD FULDomR GH XPD VpULH GH VXESURGXWRV GH LQWHUHVVH GR SUySULR '126 FRPR WDPEpP GH RXWURV SRWHQFLDLV XVXiULRV LQVWLWXFLR QDLV RX XVXiULRV GLYHUVRV H S~EOLFR LQWHUHVVDGR (QWUH RXWUDV GHPDQGDV XP =(( SUHFRQL]D ‡ 6XEVLGLDU D HODERUDomR GH SODQRV SURJUDPDV H SURMHWRV H SUR SRU DOWHUQDWLYDV SDUD WRPDGD GH GHFLVmR VHJXQGR DV SUHPLVVDV GH FRQFLOLDomR GDV DWLYLGDGHV HFRQ{PLFDV FRP DV IXQo}HV H VHUYLoRV DPELHQWDLV ‡ RQMXJDU RV HOHPHQWRV GH GLDJQyVWLFR ItVLFRELyWLFR H VRFLRH FRQ{PLFR SDUD HVWDEHOHFHU FHQiULRV H[SORUDWyULRV FRP R SURSy VLWR GH DSUHVHQWDU DOWHUQDWLYDV SDUD XP GHVHQYROYLPHQWR VyFLR DPELHQWDOPHQWH VXVWHQWiYHO ‡ 3URPRYHU HVIRUoRV GH VLVWHPDWL]DomR GH GDGRV H LQIRUPDo}HV SDUD GDU VXSRUWH DR GHVHQYROYLPHQWR GR SUySULR =(( ‡ RQFHEHU H LPSOHPHQWDU IRUPDV GH GLYXOJDomR S~EOLFD GDV LQ IRUPDo}HV XWLOL]DGDV QR SURFHVVR GR =(( ‡ ,GHQWLÀFDU RSRUWXQLGDGHV GH XVR GRV UHFXUVRV QDWXUDLV HVWDEH OHFHQGR RV SDUkPHWURV QHFHVViULRV SDUD VXD H[SORUDomR ‡ ,GHQWLÀFDU H DQDOLVDU SUREOHPDV DPELHQWDLV WDLV FRPR iUHDV GH JUDGDGDV XVRV LQDGHTXDGRV GRV VRORV GDV iJXDV VXSHUÀFLDLV H
  • 64. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HI HIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu VXEWHUUkQHDV H[SORUDomR LUUHJXODU GH UHFXUVRV DPELHQWDLV H GH VHQYROYLPHQWR XUEDQR GHVRUGHQDGR ‡ 3URPRYHU R GHVHQYROYLPHQWR GH WpFQLFDV H LQVWUXPHQWRV QH FHVViULRV SDUD D HODERUDomR GR =(( ‡ ULDU PHFDQLVPRV GH VLVWHPDWL]DomR GDV LQIRUPDo}HV H[LVWHQ WHV H JDUDQWLU VHX DPSOR DFHVVR GLYXOJDQGR DV Do}HV GR =(( QRV GLYHUVRV PHLRV GH FRPXQLFDomR GLVSRQtYHLV VHMDP DQDOyJLFRV GLJLWDLV PXOWLPtGLD RX LQWHUQHW ‡ RQVWUXLU XP EDQFR GH GDGRV FRP IDFLOLGDGHV GH DUPD]HQDJHP RX UHFXSHUDomR GH YDULiYHLV TXH SHUPLWD R SURFHVVDPHQWR H FRQ VHTXHQWH JHUDomR GH LQIRUPDo}HV TXH SRVVDP VHU XWLOL]DGRV SRU SURJUDPDV H SURMHWRV $ XWLOL]DomR GH EDVHV GH PHWDGDGRV PRGH ORV H LQWHUIDFHV JHUHQFLDGRUDV GRV WLSRV GH VLVWHPDV JHRJUiÀFRV GH LQIRUPDomR p SUHFRQL]DGD FRPR SUiWLFD IXQGDPHQWDO 'LYHUVDV Do}HV YLVDQGR j DUWLFXODomR H LQWHUDomR LQVWLWXFLRQDO YrP VHQGR FRQGX]LGDV QRV ~OWLPRV WHPSRV QD EXVFD GH FRQVROL GDU HQWHQGLPHQWRV SDUFHULDV H VLQHUJLDV TXH SRGHUmR FRQWULEXLU VLJQLÀFDWLYDPHQWH SDUD D LPSOHPHQWDomR GD DWXDO LQLFLDWLYD GH FRQVWUXomR GR =(( GH *LOEXpV 2 HQYROYLPHQWR GH RXWURV VHWRUHV TXH DJUHJXHP VLQHUJLDV HVWi FDUDFWHUL]DGR SHOD SDUWLFLSDomR GH 0LQLVWpULRV WDLV FRPR R 0LQLV WpULR GD ,QWHJUDomR 1DFLRQDO 0,
  • 65. H yUJmRV H[HFXWRUHV 'QRFV R GHYDVI 0$3$ HQWUH RXWURV 3UHIHLWXUD ORFDO H GRV PXQLFtSLRV GR HQWRUQR DVVLP FRPR GH PHPEURV GR RQJUHVVR 'HVWDFDVH D SDU WLFLSDomR GD VRFLHGDGH FLYLO SRU PHLR GD 21* ORFDO 626 *LOEXpV $SUHVHQWDVH XPD GLDJUDPDomR DQH[D
  • 66. GHVFULWLYD GRV VHJXLQ WHV DVSHFWRV ´VLWXDomR DWXDOµ ´DWLYLGDGHV HP DQGDPHQWRµ µSDU FHULDVµ H ´VLWXDomR IXWXUDµ 2V HOHPHQWRV DSUHVHQWDGRV IRUDP REWLGRV SRU PHLR GH ´PLVV}HV GH LGHQWLÀFDomRµ UHDOL]DGDV QD UH JLmR H SRU PHLR GH UHXQL}HV WpFQLFDV HP LQVWkQFLDV GR *RYHUQR RUJDQLVPRV GH FRRSHUDomR RX 21*V TXH WrP SROtWLFDV RX Do}HV UHODFLRQDGRV DR WHPD
  • 67. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HI HIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu $V PLVV}HV REMHWLYDUDP D LGHQWLÀFDomR GH SRVVtYHLV Do}HV TXH SRVVDP VHU LPSOHPHQWDGDV H FRQGX]LGDV HP FRPXP H VXJHULU XPD SURJUDPDomR FRQMXQWD GDV GLYHUVDV iUHDV PLQLVWHULDLV 2 SURSyVLWR p FRPELQDU HVIRUoRV KXPDQRV H ÀQDQFHLURV TXH SRVVDP QR IXWX UR FRQWULEXLU FRP D SUHVHQWH LQLFLDWLYD 6mR DSUHVHQWDGRV D VHJXLU RV SULQFLSDLV DVSHFWRV FRQWHPSODGRV GXUDQWH DV PLVV}HV GH LGHQWLÀFDomR H DYDOLDomR GD VLWXDomR H GDV SRVVtYHLV FDXVDV TXH FRQGLFLRQDUDP D GHJUDGDomR DPELHQWDO RX TXH UHVXOWDUDP HP SURFHVVRV GH GHVHUWLÀFDomR ‡ 9LVLWD GH FDPSR SDUD FRQVWDWDomR GR HVWDGR GH GHJUDGDomR DPELHQWDO SURYRFDGR SHOD DXVrQFLD GH GUHQDJHP DR ORQJR GR FRUSR GDV HVWUDGDV GH DFHVVR j FLGDGH H HVWUDGDV YLFLQDLV $ LQH [LVWrQFLD GH REUDV GH DUWH KLGUiXOLFDV YDOHWDV EXHLURV SURWHomR QRV FRUWHV H DWHUURV GLVVLSDGRUHV GH HQHUJLD QRV WDOXGHV HWF
  • 68. UHGXQGDUDP HP LQWHQVRV SURFHVVRV HURVLYRV TXH FRQIHULUDP D GLYHUVDV SURSULHGDGHV DIHWDGDV FHQiULRV TXH GHVFDUDFWHUL]DP D WRSRJUDÀD ORFDO FRPR D IRUPDomR GH YRoRURFDV H GHVORFDPHQ WRV GH PDVVD ‡ 9LVLWD j iUHD GH LPSODQWDomR GDV IXWXUDV LQVWDODo}HV GR 1XSH UDGH H GR DPSR ([SHULPHQWDO GH 7HFQRORJLDV GH RPEDWH j 'HVHUWLÀFDomR ‡ 5HDOL]DomR GH RÀFLQD GH WUDEDOKR HP FRQMXQWR FRP UHSUHVHQ WDQWHV GH 3UHIHLWXUDV SUHIHLWRV H WpFQLFRV
  • 70. H GD 21* ² 626 *LOEXpV SDUD D LGHQ WLÀFDomR GDV SULQFLSDLV GHPDQGDV D VHUHP SULRUL]DGDV RPR UHVXOWDGR GD RÀFLQD IRL SRVVtYHO IRUPXODU XP HVERoR GH XP SURJUDPD GH HGXFDomR D VHU GHWDOKDGR SHOR FRQVyUFLR $OIDVRO $OIDEHWL]DomR 6ROLGiULD
  • 71. ,QVWLWXWR RRSHUIRUWH (GLWRUD +RUL ]RQWH *HRJUiÀFR H 21* RPXQLGDGH LGDGDQLD 7DPEpP IRL SRVVtYHO HVERoDU XP SODQR GH DomR HQWUH D $1$00$ 65+00$ H 0LQLVWpULR GDV LGDGHV SDUD RULHQ
  • 72. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HI HIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu WDU DV DWLYLGDGHV GH PLQHUDomR H GLVSRVLomR GH UHVtGXRV VyOLGRV $OpP GLVVR IRL HVERoDGR XP SODQR SDUD D RULHQWDomR GDV SUiWLFDV DJUtFRODV FRQGX]LGR SHOR 0$3$ RPXQLGDGH LGDGDQLD H UHSUH VHQWDQWHV GDV 3UHIHLWXUDV H $VVRFLDomR GH $JULFXOWRUHV GD UHJLmR )RL GDGD VHTXrQFLD D XPD VpULH GH UHXQL}HV HP %UDVtOLD FRP DV LQVWLWXLo}HV SDUFHLUDV TXH FRQVWLWXHP R FRQVyUFLR DFLPD FLWDGR FRP R REMHWLYR GH IRUPDWDU RV SODQRV GH DomR H GHÀQLU R FURQR JUDPD GH LPSOHPHQWDomR H LGHQWLÀFDomR GDV IRQWHV H PRGDOLGDGHV GH ÀQDQFLDPHQWR 2 TXH GHYHUi WHU VHTXrQFLD VHJXQGR D ÀUPH GLVSRVLomR GRV HQYROYLGRV
  • 73. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HI HIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu *HUWMDQ%%HHNPDQ
  • 74. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HI HIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu 9LUPLZ 0UZ[P[JPVUHPZ Nas reuniões técnicas mantidas com o representante da Secretaria de Políticas para o Desenvolvimento Sustentável, responsável pela co- ordenação do Programa Nacional de Zoneamento Ecológico e Econô- mico, foram discutidas as diretrizes metodológicas para o ZEE, a ser desenvolvido para Gilbués e Monte Alegre do Piauí. A dimensão e a abrangência territorial deverão considerar o enfo- que tático operacional, como preconizado pelas diretrizes metodoló- gicas, e ser dirigidas aos níveis das administrações municipal e estadu- al. Entre outros, os seguintes aspectos serão contemplados. • Apoiar o gerenciamento de ações de conservação e proteção do capital ou ativos ambientais em nível local. • Reduzir os riscos de comprometimento das funções e dos servi- ços dos sistemas ecológicos constituintes do contexto ambiental da região. • Subsidiar planos de monitoramento e de acompanhamento de in- dicadores e referências em apoio à sistemática de avaliação de im- pactos ambientais, assim como do futuro Plano Diretor. • Subsidiar planos de manejo de unidades de conservação. As escalas de detalhe utilizadas para retratar as informações possi- bilitam analisar os subsistemas ambientais caracterizados pelas UTBs (Unidades Territoriais Básicas). Essas unidades representam o resul- tado da intersecção dos sistemas naturais versus o uso e ocupação do solo ou território, delineando e dimensionando a vocação regional como instrumento para um ZEE. a) As escalas de semi-detalhe recomendadas são maiores que 250.000, preferencialmente entre 1:100.000 e 1:50.000; b) As escalas de detalhe deverão ser maiores que 1:50.000
  • 75. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HI HIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu A UTB representa, portanto, a célula elementar de informação e análise para um zoneamento, na forma de uma entidade geográfica que contém atributos ambientais que permitem diferenciá-la dos territó- rios adjacentes, ao mesmo tempo em que possui características ineren- tes, que a vinculam e articulam à complexa rede integrada do mosaico constituído por outras unidades territoriais. Diante do exposto, depreende-se que: • Os diversos ZEEs, em suas diversas escalas, não se substituem nem se superpõem, no HQWDQWR FRPSOHPHQWDPVH HP VHXV REMH WLYRV HQIRTXHV H PHWDV ‡ 2 PDFURGLDJQyVWLFR QmR p REWLGR SHOD VLPSOHV VRPD GRV GLDJ QyVWLFRV GHWDOKDGRV ‡ e UHFRPHQGiYHO TXH DV LQVWLWXLo}HV S~EOLFDV UHVSRQViYHLV SHOD REWHQomR GH LQIRUPDo}HV SULPiULDV PDQWHQKDP LQWHUDomR H DUWL FXODomR H KDUPRQL]HP SURFHGLPHQWRV FRP R REMHWLYR GH SHUPL WLU R DFHVVR D GDGRV H LQIRUPDo}HV GH LQWHUHVVH FRPXP ‡ 3DUD TXH XP =(( DWLQMD VHXV REMHWLYRV p HVVHQFLDO TXH QD VXD FRQVWUXomR D SDUWLFLSDomR S~EOLFD VHMD D PDLV DPSOD SRVVtYHO HQYROYHQGR WRGRV RV HVWUDWRV VRFLRHFRQ{PLFRV XWLOL]DQGRVH HQWUH RXWURV GRV LQVWUXPHQWRV GH GLYXOJDomR GLVVHPLQDomR H FRPXQLFDomR PXOWLPtGLD 2V DVSHFWRV PHQFLRQDGRV RULHQWDUDP DV GLVFXVV}HV FRQGX]LGDV SRU RFDVLmR GD UHDOL]DomR GD 2ÀFLQD =(( QRV GLDV H GH DJRV WR GH QD )XQFHPH)RUWDOH]D H QRV GLDV H GR PHVPR PrV H DQR QR 1XSHUDGH*LOEXpV FRP GLYHUVRV UHSUHVHQWDQWHV VHWRULDLV TXH IRL VXEVLGLDGD FRP RV 3,V 3ODQRV GH ,QIRUPDomR
  • 76. HODERUDGRV SHOR ,13( (VVHV SODQRV FRQVWLWXLUmR D EDVH GH GDGRV H LQIRUPDo}HV TXH GHYHUi LQWHUDJLU FRP PRGHORV GH VLPXODomR D VHU JHUHQFLDGRV SRU 6LVWHPD GH ,QIRUPDomR *HRJUiÀFD HVSHFtÀFR TXH VHUi XWLOL]DGR QR GHVHQKR H FRQÀJXUDomR GR =(( ² *LOEXpV H 0RQWH $OHJUH
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