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Finally the end to copyright confusionhas arrived!
Critical Thinking, Reflection & Ethics Using Technology Tools Well Self-Expression & Creativity Teamwork & Collaboration
What’s your level of confidence in understanding copyright and fair use: A.  Very confident B.  Confident C.  I think I understand it D.  Confused E.  Completely confused!
What is the purpose of
To promote creativity, innovation and the spread of knowledge Article 1 Section 8 U.S. Constitution
Technology makes it easy to: ,[object Object]
Copy
Modify & Repurpose
Excerpt & Quote From
Distribute,[object Object]
Limit
Charge high fees
Discourage use
Use scare tactics,[object Object]
Problem: Educational Use Guidelines are Confusing! NEGOTIATED AGREEMENTS BETWEEN MEDIA COMPANIES  AND EDUCATIONAL GROUPS Agreement on Guidelines for Classroom Copying in Not-for-Profit Educational Institutions Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia Guidelines for the Educational Use of Music
The documents created by these negotiated agreements give them “the appearance of positive law. These qualities are merely illusory, and consequently the guidelines have had a seriously detrimental effect. They interfere with an actual understanding of the law and erode confidence in the law as created by Congress and the courts”  	--Kenneth Crews, 2001 Educational Use Guidelinesare NOT the Law!
It’s time to replace old knowledge with accurate knowledge
						--Section 107 					Copyright Act of 1976 The Doctrine of Fair Use
The Doctrine of Fair Use “It not only allows but encourages socially beneficial uses of copyrighted works such as teaching, learning, and scholarship. Without fair use, those beneficial uses— quoting from copyrighted works, providing multiple copies to students in class, creating new knowledge based on previously published knowledge—would be infringements. Fair use is the means for assuring a robust and vigorous exchange of copyrighted information.” --Carrie Russell, American Library Association
Reflects the “best practices” of educators who use copyrighted material to build critical thinking and communication skills
Five Principles Code of Best Practices in Fair Use  Educators can: make copies of newspaper articles, TV shows, and other copyrighted works and use them and keep them for educational use create curriculum materials and scholarship with copyrighted materials embedded share, sell and distribute curriculum materials with copyrighted materials embedded   Learners can: use copyrighted works in creating new material   distribute their works digitally if they meet the transformativeness standard
Transformative Use is Fair Use     When a user of copyrighted materials adds value to, or repurposes materials for a use different from that for which it was originally intended, it will likely be considered transformative use; it will also likely be considered fair use. Fair use embraces the modifying of existing media content, placing it in new context.   --Joyce Valenza, School Library Journal
Bill Graham Archives vs. Dorling Kindersley, Ltd. (2006)
An Example of Transformative Use 	The purpose of the original: To generate publicity for a concert. The purpose of the new work: To document and illustrate the concert events in historical context.
Organizations Supporting the Code of Best Practices Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE) Action Coalition for Media Education (ACME) National Council of Teachers Of English (NCTE) Visual Studies Division International Communication Association (ICA)
Music Videos Copyright? What’s Copyright? Users’ Rights, Section 107
Video Case Studies  Elementary School Case Study: P.S. 124 The Silas B. Dutcher School Brooklyn, NY High School Case Study: Upper Merion Area High School  King of Prussia, PA College Case Study:  Project Look Sharp at Ithaca College Ithaca, NY
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Copyright Clarity: How Fair Use Supports Digital Learning

  • 1. Finally the end to copyright confusionhas arrived!
  • 2. Critical Thinking, Reflection & Ethics Using Technology Tools Well Self-Expression & Creativity Teamwork & Collaboration
  • 3. What’s your level of confidence in understanding copyright and fair use: A. Very confident B. Confident C. I think I understand it D. Confused E. Completely confused!
  • 4. What is the purpose of
  • 5. To promote creativity, innovation and the spread of knowledge Article 1 Section 8 U.S. Constitution
  • 6.
  • 10.
  • 11. Limit
  • 14.
  • 15. Problem: Educational Use Guidelines are Confusing! NEGOTIATED AGREEMENTS BETWEEN MEDIA COMPANIES AND EDUCATIONAL GROUPS Agreement on Guidelines for Classroom Copying in Not-for-Profit Educational Institutions Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia Guidelines for the Educational Use of Music
  • 16. The documents created by these negotiated agreements give them “the appearance of positive law. These qualities are merely illusory, and consequently the guidelines have had a seriously detrimental effect. They interfere with an actual understanding of the law and erode confidence in the law as created by Congress and the courts” --Kenneth Crews, 2001 Educational Use Guidelinesare NOT the Law!
  • 17. It’s time to replace old knowledge with accurate knowledge
  • 18. --Section 107 Copyright Act of 1976 The Doctrine of Fair Use
  • 19.
  • 20. The Doctrine of Fair Use “It not only allows but encourages socially beneficial uses of copyrighted works such as teaching, learning, and scholarship. Without fair use, those beneficial uses— quoting from copyrighted works, providing multiple copies to students in class, creating new knowledge based on previously published knowledge—would be infringements. Fair use is the means for assuring a robust and vigorous exchange of copyrighted information.” --Carrie Russell, American Library Association
  • 21.
  • 22. Reflects the “best practices” of educators who use copyrighted material to build critical thinking and communication skills
  • 23. Five Principles Code of Best Practices in Fair Use Educators can: make copies of newspaper articles, TV shows, and other copyrighted works and use them and keep them for educational use create curriculum materials and scholarship with copyrighted materials embedded share, sell and distribute curriculum materials with copyrighted materials embedded Learners can: use copyrighted works in creating new material distribute their works digitally if they meet the transformativeness standard
  • 24. Transformative Use is Fair Use When a user of copyrighted materials adds value to, or repurposes materials for a use different from that for which it was originally intended, it will likely be considered transformative use; it will also likely be considered fair use. Fair use embraces the modifying of existing media content, placing it in new context.  --Joyce Valenza, School Library Journal
  • 25. Bill Graham Archives vs. Dorling Kindersley, Ltd. (2006)
  • 26. An Example of Transformative Use The purpose of the original: To generate publicity for a concert. The purpose of the new work: To document and illustrate the concert events in historical context.
  • 27.
  • 28. Organizations Supporting the Code of Best Practices Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE) Action Coalition for Media Education (ACME) National Council of Teachers Of English (NCTE) Visual Studies Division International Communication Association (ICA)
  • 29. Music Videos Copyright? What’s Copyright? Users’ Rights, Section 107
  • 30. Video Case Studies Elementary School Case Study: P.S. 124 The Silas B. Dutcher School Brooklyn, NY High School Case Study: Upper Merion Area High School King of Prussia, PA College Case Study: Project Look Sharp at Ithaca College Ithaca, NY
  • 32. Exercising Your Fair Use ReasoningInvolves Critical Thinking
  • 33. Educators Can Rely on Fair Use National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) has adopted the “Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Media Literacy Education” as its official policy on fair use
  • 34.
  • 35.
  • 36. To discourage copyright owners from threatening or bringing lawsuits
  • 37.
  • 38. Is Your Use of Copyrighted Materials a Fair Use? Did the unlicensed use “transform” the material taken from the copyrighted work by using it for a different purpose than that of the original, or did it just repeat the work for the same intent and value as the original? Was the material taken appropriate in kind and amount, considering the nature of the copyrighted work and of the use?