SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Fifth republic to present
   The world‟s eye was on the Philippines after it successfully
    toppled down almost a decade of dictatorship rule
    through a peaceful demonstration tagged as the EDSA
    People‟s Power Revolution.
   After the widowed wife of former Senator Benigno "Ninoy"
    Aquino, Sr. was elected into office, President Corazon
    Cojuangco-Aquino faced both economic and political
    problems of the country. Her rule as president began on
    February 25, 1986 after taking oath at the Club Filipino in
    San Juan, Metro Manila.
   She was the 11th president of the Philippines and the first
    woman to become president of the country. She was
    tasked to put together a nation devastated by the rule of
    her predecessorFerdinand E. Marcos. It was not an easy
    task since the country‟s economic condition was in its
    worse state since 1982. Filipinos living below the poverty
    line is alarmingly increasing in number.
 Aquino also struggled with Marcos‟
  supporters in the Armed Forces of the
  Philippines who attempted to remove her
  from power.
 The group of soldiers, who called
  themselves members of the „Reform the
  Armed Forces Movement‟ or RAM, staged
  seven coup attempts against the Aquino
  administration.
 The attack held in August 28, 1987, which
  killed at least 53 people and injured more
  than 200 others, was the most serious attack
  the government experienced. These
  attacks worsened the economic condition
  of the Philippines as investors became wary
  about Aquino‟s ability to rebuild the
  country.
   The International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank and
    the United States also forced the government to fulfill its
    obligations to pay an estimated $27.2 billion worth of debt
    Aquino inherited from the previous administration.

   To be eligible for IMF‟s rehabilitation programs, Aquino
    instigated reforms towards a freer economy. These reforms
    ended monopolization of the agricultural industry of the
    country, reduced tariffs and lifted import controls in
    the Philippines.

   The political condition of the country at that time did not look
    any better. To resolve the issue, Aquino commissioned a
    referendum that would be the framework for the new
    government. It tackled various issues from shifting the
    government from presidential to parliamentary, to economic
    reforms involving foreign participations. Due to its immediate
    necessity, details of the referendum were left to the legislature
    to determine. Released in February 1987, the new charter
    easily won the approval of the public.
President Fidel V.
Ramos
   The rule that followed Aquino‟s
    presidency established steadier
    governance of the Philippines. Fidel
    V. Ramos took office in 1992 and
    immediately worked on the
    country‟s recovery. Ramos initiated
    the Social Reform Agenda or SRA
    that was geared towards alleviating
    poverty. The Gross National
    Product reached an average of 5
    percent annually, which translated
    to a growth in the average family
    income of the Filipinos.
   He undertook the implementation of Build-
    Operate-Transfer (BOT) law which improved
    public infrastructure and deregulated several
    industries to help liberalize the economy.
   The country also saw improvements in its
    relations to secessionist Moro Islamic Liberation
    Front or MNLF as Ramos achieved a peace
    agreement with the group.
   Ramos bagged the first UNESCO Peace Award
    yet given to an Asian for this effort. He also
    came to be known as the „Centennial‟
    President for his successful supervision of the
    100th anniversary of the country‟s
    independence from the Spanish
    rule celebrated in June 12, 1998.
   A film actor, Joseph Ejercito
    Estrada, succeeded Ramos as
    president in 1998. He was the
    previous mayor in the municipality
    of San Juan, Metro Manila and vice
    president of Ramos, Estrada was
    placed into office by a wide
    margin of vote.
   He gained support in the election
    for his promise to begin a pro-poor
    administration that his predecessors
    failed to promote in their respective
    platforms. This support dwindled
    down as his administration was
    rattled by corruption.
   Critics accused him of failing to live up to his promises
    due to the resurfacing of cronyism in the
    government. Efforts made by Ramos to resolve
    political conflicts in Mindanao were also threatened
    as Estrada launched an all-out war against the
    Islamic group in Mindanao called the Moro Islamic
    Liberation Front in March 21, 2000.
   In the same year, Ilocos Sur Governor Luis “Chavit”
    Singson accused Estrada of receiving Php 400 million
    from him as payoff from illegal gambling profits. The
    revelation led to Estrada‟s impeachment in
    November 12, 2000 and his ouster from presidency in
    January 20, 2001. Then Supreme Court Chief Justice
    Hilario Davide, Jr. swore-in vice-president, Gloria
    Macapagal-Arroyo as president the same day.
   Critics accused him of failing to live up to his promises
    due to the resurfacing of cronyism in the
    government.
   Efforts made by Ramos to resolve political conflicts in
    Mindanao were also threatened as Estrada launched
    an all-out war against the Islamic group in Mindanao
    called the Moro Islamic Liberation Front in March
    21, 2000.
   In the same year, Ilocos Sur Governor Luis “Chavit”
    Singson accused Estrada of receiving Php 400 million
    from him as payoff from illegal gambling profits. The
    revelation led to Estrada‟s impeachment in
    November 12, 2000 and his ouster from presidency in
    January 20, 2001.
   Then Supreme Court Chief Justice Hilario Davide, Jr.
    swore-in vice-president, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as
    president the same day.
 The Philippine Constitution allows the president
  to ran for a second term if he/she was sworn
  into office by succession and served in less than
  4 years, otherwise the president is limited to one
  term of office.
 Arroyo was qualified to ran for another term.
  Indeed, she did. In the 2004 Philippine General
  Election, Arroyo declared her presidential
  candidacy and she was seated into office for
  the second time.
 Arroyo promoted a “Stronger Republic” under
  her rule, which was geared toward vigorous
  economic reforms. However, her administration
  was bombarded with several controversies and
  impeachment attempts in the last five years.
  Hence, as she announced her disinterest to
  extend her term or run for office in the 2010
  elections, critics expressed their apprehensions.
   Once, Arroyo had broken the people‟s trust when she
    declared that she was not interested to run in the
    2004 elections. Protesters express their
    disappointment every so often rallying at the streets
    calling against the Charter Change (Cha-Cha) and
    now the Constituent Assembly (Con-Ass), which is
    currently promoted by the Arroyo‟s supporters in
    Congress when the Cha-Cha attempt has become
    improbable receiving critical disapproval.

   The representatives in the lower house
    of Congress were said to have made the move
    independently to pass the Con-Ass however, many
    are skeptic of the true agenda of the Arroyo
    administration as the 2010 election countdown nears.
    Supporters of Arroyo are pushing for a change of
    government from a Presidential to a Parliamentary
    form. This will enable Arroyo run for parliament and
    become prime minister.
   On the May 10, 2010 general elections, Arroyo
    run and won for congresswoman for the 2nd
    district of Pampanga province. Making her the
    first president to hold a lower office after
    occupying the highest office of the land. On
    her first day as congresswoman, Arroyo filed a
    resolution calling for Congress to hold a
    Constitutional Convention to amend the
    constitution.

   On June 30, 2010, Benigno Simeon Cojuangco
    Aquino III, a.k.a Noynoy Aquino, was
    proclaimed as president of the republic
    together with Jejomar Cabauatan Binay as
    vice-president.


More Related Content

What's hot

Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo -- Issues/Controversies
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo -- Issues/ControversiesGloria Macapagal-Arroyo -- Issues/Controversies
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo -- Issues/Controversies
Karyll Mitra
 
Martial law
Martial lawMartial law
Martial law
Carl Pat
 
Political Development of the Presidents from Roxas to Marcos (1946-1986)
Political Development of the Presidents from Roxas to Marcos (1946-1986)Political Development of the Presidents from Roxas to Marcos (1946-1986)
Political Development of the Presidents from Roxas to Marcos (1946-1986)
Ananda Wisely
 
Gloria macapagal arroyo
Gloria macapagal arroyoGloria macapagal arroyo
Gloria macapagal arroyo
LIEZEL P. DELOS SANTOS
 
Martial Law years and Fourth Republic
Martial Law years and Fourth RepublicMartial Law years and Fourth Republic
Martial Law years and Fourth Republic
Yosef Eric C. Hipolito, BA, LPT
 
Marcos Regime in the Philippines - Martial Law
Marcos Regime in the Philippines - Martial LawMarcos Regime in the Philippines - Martial Law
Marcos Regime in the Philippines - Martial Law
Ivan Bendiola
 
Erap political theories & processes
Erap  political theories & processesErap  political theories & processes
Erap political theories & processes
alex regado
 
The third philippine republic
The third philippine republicThe third philippine republic
The third philippine republic
Thirdy Malit
 
People Power Revolution
People Power RevolutionPeople Power Revolution
People Power Revolution
Thomson Leopoldo
 
EDSA I Revolution
EDSA I RevolutionEDSA I Revolution
EDSA I Revolution
ST
 
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo Precidency
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo PrecidencyGloria Macapagal Arroyo Precidency
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo Precidency
johnmarvinyalung
 
Pnoy administration
Pnoy administrationPnoy administration
Pnoy administration
Angelica Marcelino
 
The New President of the republic of the Philippines
The New President of the republic of the PhilippinesThe New President of the republic of the Philippines
The New President of the republic of the Philippines
direkmj
 
Diosdado Macapagal
Diosdado MacapagalDiosdado Macapagal
Diosdado Macapagal
Danney Ayapana
 
Benigno Simeon Aquino III Administration (Mga Piling Reporma/Batas)
Benigno Simeon Aquino III Administration (Mga Piling Reporma/Batas)Benigno Simeon Aquino III Administration (Mga Piling Reporma/Batas)
Benigno Simeon Aquino III Administration (Mga Piling Reporma/Batas)
ria de los santos
 
The American Colonization in the Philippines
The American Colonization in the PhilippinesThe American Colonization in the Philippines
The American Colonization in the Philippines
liliemanna
 
Third republic
Third republicThird republic
Third republic
Kostyk Elf
 
McKinley’s Benevolent Assimilation Proclamation
McKinley’s Benevolent  Assimilation  ProclamationMcKinley’s Benevolent  Assimilation  Proclamation
McKinley’s Benevolent Assimilation Proclamation
DyhineeMico
 
Q4 lesson 30 joseph estrada
Q4 lesson 30 joseph estradaQ4 lesson 30 joseph estrada
Q4 lesson 30 joseph estrada
Rivera Arnel
 
Martial law
Martial lawMartial law
Martial law
James Rainz Morales
 

What's hot (20)

Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo -- Issues/Controversies
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo -- Issues/ControversiesGloria Macapagal-Arroyo -- Issues/Controversies
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo -- Issues/Controversies
 
Martial law
Martial lawMartial law
Martial law
 
Political Development of the Presidents from Roxas to Marcos (1946-1986)
Political Development of the Presidents from Roxas to Marcos (1946-1986)Political Development of the Presidents from Roxas to Marcos (1946-1986)
Political Development of the Presidents from Roxas to Marcos (1946-1986)
 
Gloria macapagal arroyo
Gloria macapagal arroyoGloria macapagal arroyo
Gloria macapagal arroyo
 
Martial Law years and Fourth Republic
Martial Law years and Fourth RepublicMartial Law years and Fourth Republic
Martial Law years and Fourth Republic
 
Marcos Regime in the Philippines - Martial Law
Marcos Regime in the Philippines - Martial LawMarcos Regime in the Philippines - Martial Law
Marcos Regime in the Philippines - Martial Law
 
Erap political theories & processes
Erap  political theories & processesErap  political theories & processes
Erap political theories & processes
 
The third philippine republic
The third philippine republicThe third philippine republic
The third philippine republic
 
People Power Revolution
People Power RevolutionPeople Power Revolution
People Power Revolution
 
EDSA I Revolution
EDSA I RevolutionEDSA I Revolution
EDSA I Revolution
 
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo Precidency
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo PrecidencyGloria Macapagal Arroyo Precidency
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo Precidency
 
Pnoy administration
Pnoy administrationPnoy administration
Pnoy administration
 
The New President of the republic of the Philippines
The New President of the republic of the PhilippinesThe New President of the republic of the Philippines
The New President of the republic of the Philippines
 
Diosdado Macapagal
Diosdado MacapagalDiosdado Macapagal
Diosdado Macapagal
 
Benigno Simeon Aquino III Administration (Mga Piling Reporma/Batas)
Benigno Simeon Aquino III Administration (Mga Piling Reporma/Batas)Benigno Simeon Aquino III Administration (Mga Piling Reporma/Batas)
Benigno Simeon Aquino III Administration (Mga Piling Reporma/Batas)
 
The American Colonization in the Philippines
The American Colonization in the PhilippinesThe American Colonization in the Philippines
The American Colonization in the Philippines
 
Third republic
Third republicThird republic
Third republic
 
McKinley’s Benevolent Assimilation Proclamation
McKinley’s Benevolent  Assimilation  ProclamationMcKinley’s Benevolent  Assimilation  Proclamation
McKinley’s Benevolent Assimilation Proclamation
 
Q4 lesson 30 joseph estrada
Q4 lesson 30 joseph estradaQ4 lesson 30 joseph estrada
Q4 lesson 30 joseph estrada
 
Martial law
Martial lawMartial law
Martial law
 

Viewers also liked

Corazon cojuangco aquino
Corazon cojuangco aquinoCorazon cojuangco aquino
Corazon cojuangco aquino
mimi_chibi
 
Philippine presidents
Philippine presidentsPhilippine presidents
Philippine presidents
PRINTDESK by Dan
 
Philippine Presidents
Philippine PresidentsPhilippine Presidents
Philippine Presidents
school
 
Powerpoint presentation2
Powerpoint presentation2Powerpoint presentation2
Powerpoint presentation2
marinelsantiago
 
Presidents of the third republic
Presidents of the third republicPresidents of the third republic
Presidents of the third republic
Israela Padilla
 
The Philippine During Martial law years
The Philippine During Martial law years The Philippine During Martial law years
The Philippine During Martial law years
Hanan Edres
 
Philippine president
Philippine presidentPhilippine president
Philippine president
Cherry Soliven
 
Preamble
PreamblePreamble
Preamble
April Montilla
 
President of the philippines
President of the philippinesPresident of the philippines
President of the philippines
Julius Jose
 
Philippine Constitution
Philippine ConstitutionPhilippine Constitution
Philippine Constitution
Melvin Limon
 
Politics and government of france
Politics and government of francePolitics and government of france
Politics and government of france
emmanueliza
 
Administration of P-Noy
Administration of P-NoyAdministration of P-Noy
Administration of P-Noy
Veah Frances Jamolin
 
Benigno simeón cojuangco aquino iii
Benigno simeón cojuangco aquino iiiBenigno simeón cojuangco aquino iii
Benigno simeón cojuangco aquino iii
TJF0956
 
Aquino Administration
Aquino AdministrationAquino Administration
Aquino Administration
chococookie
 
History of Philippine Education
History of Philippine EducationHistory of Philippine Education
History of Philippine Education
JbTrongco777
 
Marcos administration
Marcos administrationMarcos administration
Marcos administration
Alvin Lalong-isip
 
Ate glaiza power point
Ate glaiza power pointAte glaiza power point
Ate glaiza power point
Glaiza Ruazol Cadapan
 
The 3rd republic
The 3rd republicThe 3rd republic
The 3rd republic
Olhen Rence Duque
 
Philippines after war; The Third Republic; Philippine Presidents; Assasinatio...
Philippines after war; The Third Republic; Philippine Presidents; Assasinatio...Philippines after war; The Third Republic; Philippine Presidents; Assasinatio...
Philippines after war; The Third Republic; Philippine Presidents; Assasinatio...
Ai Lun Wu
 
Personlality theories
Personlality theoriesPersonlality theories
Personlality theories
Shahid Khan
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Corazon cojuangco aquino
Corazon cojuangco aquinoCorazon cojuangco aquino
Corazon cojuangco aquino
 
Philippine presidents
Philippine presidentsPhilippine presidents
Philippine presidents
 
Philippine Presidents
Philippine PresidentsPhilippine Presidents
Philippine Presidents
 
Powerpoint presentation2
Powerpoint presentation2Powerpoint presentation2
Powerpoint presentation2
 
Presidents of the third republic
Presidents of the third republicPresidents of the third republic
Presidents of the third republic
 
The Philippine During Martial law years
The Philippine During Martial law years The Philippine During Martial law years
The Philippine During Martial law years
 
Philippine president
Philippine presidentPhilippine president
Philippine president
 
Preamble
PreamblePreamble
Preamble
 
President of the philippines
President of the philippinesPresident of the philippines
President of the philippines
 
Philippine Constitution
Philippine ConstitutionPhilippine Constitution
Philippine Constitution
 
Politics and government of france
Politics and government of francePolitics and government of france
Politics and government of france
 
Administration of P-Noy
Administration of P-NoyAdministration of P-Noy
Administration of P-Noy
 
Benigno simeón cojuangco aquino iii
Benigno simeón cojuangco aquino iiiBenigno simeón cojuangco aquino iii
Benigno simeón cojuangco aquino iii
 
Aquino Administration
Aquino AdministrationAquino Administration
Aquino Administration
 
History of Philippine Education
History of Philippine EducationHistory of Philippine Education
History of Philippine Education
 
Marcos administration
Marcos administrationMarcos administration
Marcos administration
 
Ate glaiza power point
Ate glaiza power pointAte glaiza power point
Ate glaiza power point
 
The 3rd republic
The 3rd republicThe 3rd republic
The 3rd republic
 
Philippines after war; The Third Republic; Philippine Presidents; Assasinatio...
Philippines after war; The Third Republic; Philippine Presidents; Assasinatio...Philippines after war; The Third Republic; Philippine Presidents; Assasinatio...
Philippines after war; The Third Republic; Philippine Presidents; Assasinatio...
 
Personlality theories
Personlality theoriesPersonlality theories
Personlality theories
 

Similar to Fifth republic to present

PHILIPPINR HISTORY POWER POINT REPORT.pptx
PHILIPPINR HISTORY POWER POINT REPORT.pptxPHILIPPINR HISTORY POWER POINT REPORT.pptx
PHILIPPINR HISTORY POWER POINT REPORT.pptx
FrancisAnire
 
Gloria macapagal arroyo
Gloria macapagal arroyoGloria macapagal arroyo
Gloria macapagal arroyo
jolouise02
 
Estrada CS Reform.pptx
Estrada CS Reform.pptxEstrada CS Reform.pptx
Estrada CS Reform.pptx
LemLem29
 
REPORTING BENIGNO AQUINO JR.pdf
REPORTING BENIGNO AQUINO JR.pdfREPORTING BENIGNO AQUINO JR.pdf
REPORTING BENIGNO AQUINO JR.pdf
KennedyBakekang
 
S.s report
S.s reportS.s report
A quino
A quinoA quino
A quino
monico12345
 
Corys-speech (1).pdf
Corys-speech (1).pdfCorys-speech (1).pdf
Corys-speech (1).pdf
JoannaPatriciaVillar1
 
SS 18 Yung kay Timothy...
SS 18 Yung kay Timothy...SS 18 Yung kay Timothy...
SS 18 Yung kay Timothy...
'Vladimir Medina
 
CORAZON AQUINO.pptx
CORAZON AQUINO.pptxCORAZON AQUINO.pptx
CORAZON AQUINO.pptx
CatherineNolasco3
 
project
projectproject
project
annie estacio
 
Elpidio quirino
Elpidio quirinoElpidio quirino
Elpidio quirino
Ezling Basinga
 
Teofisto Guingona.pptx
Teofisto Guingona.pptxTeofisto Guingona.pptx
Teofisto Guingona.pptx
MarkCatipon
 
The philippine during martial law years
The philippine during martial law yearsThe philippine during martial law years
The philippine during martial law years
Hanan Edres
 
Edsa 1 revolution
Edsa 1 revolutionEdsa 1 revolution
Edsa 1 revolution
Shaina Mavreen Villaroza
 
Philiphines literarute
Philiphines literarutePhiliphines literarute
Philiphines literarute
JericAnthonyFernande
 
GLORIA M. ARROYO.pptx
GLORIA M. ARROYO.pptxGLORIA M. ARROYO.pptx
GLORIA M. ARROYO.pptx
MarkCatipon
 
The philippines during martial law
The philippines during martial lawThe philippines during martial law
The philippines during martial law
kRsh jAra fEraNdeZ
 
O – BURMA AND ITS REGIONAL AND GLOBAL MESSAGE
O – BURMA AND ITS REGIONAL AND GLOBAL MESSAGEO – BURMA AND ITS REGIONAL AND GLOBAL MESSAGE
O – BURMA AND ITS REGIONAL AND GLOBAL MESSAGE
Keshav Prasad Bhattarai
 
Cadavid Analytical Paper
Cadavid Analytical PaperCadavid Analytical Paper
Cadavid Analytical Paper
Nathaly Avilez, MBA, CLSSGB
 
Remembering the “National Covenant for Freedom” 40 Years Later
Remembering the “National Covenant for Freedom” 40 Years LaterRemembering the “National Covenant for Freedom” 40 Years Later
Remembering the “National Covenant for Freedom” 40 Years Later
Bienvenido "Nonoy" Oplas, Jr.
 

Similar to Fifth republic to present (20)

PHILIPPINR HISTORY POWER POINT REPORT.pptx
PHILIPPINR HISTORY POWER POINT REPORT.pptxPHILIPPINR HISTORY POWER POINT REPORT.pptx
PHILIPPINR HISTORY POWER POINT REPORT.pptx
 
Gloria macapagal arroyo
Gloria macapagal arroyoGloria macapagal arroyo
Gloria macapagal arroyo
 
Estrada CS Reform.pptx
Estrada CS Reform.pptxEstrada CS Reform.pptx
Estrada CS Reform.pptx
 
REPORTING BENIGNO AQUINO JR.pdf
REPORTING BENIGNO AQUINO JR.pdfREPORTING BENIGNO AQUINO JR.pdf
REPORTING BENIGNO AQUINO JR.pdf
 
S.s report
S.s reportS.s report
S.s report
 
A quino
A quinoA quino
A quino
 
Corys-speech (1).pdf
Corys-speech (1).pdfCorys-speech (1).pdf
Corys-speech (1).pdf
 
SS 18 Yung kay Timothy...
SS 18 Yung kay Timothy...SS 18 Yung kay Timothy...
SS 18 Yung kay Timothy...
 
CORAZON AQUINO.pptx
CORAZON AQUINO.pptxCORAZON AQUINO.pptx
CORAZON AQUINO.pptx
 
project
projectproject
project
 
Elpidio quirino
Elpidio quirinoElpidio quirino
Elpidio quirino
 
Teofisto Guingona.pptx
Teofisto Guingona.pptxTeofisto Guingona.pptx
Teofisto Guingona.pptx
 
The philippine during martial law years
The philippine during martial law yearsThe philippine during martial law years
The philippine during martial law years
 
Edsa 1 revolution
Edsa 1 revolutionEdsa 1 revolution
Edsa 1 revolution
 
Philiphines literarute
Philiphines literarutePhiliphines literarute
Philiphines literarute
 
GLORIA M. ARROYO.pptx
GLORIA M. ARROYO.pptxGLORIA M. ARROYO.pptx
GLORIA M. ARROYO.pptx
 
The philippines during martial law
The philippines during martial lawThe philippines during martial law
The philippines during martial law
 
O – BURMA AND ITS REGIONAL AND GLOBAL MESSAGE
O – BURMA AND ITS REGIONAL AND GLOBAL MESSAGEO – BURMA AND ITS REGIONAL AND GLOBAL MESSAGE
O – BURMA AND ITS REGIONAL AND GLOBAL MESSAGE
 
Cadavid Analytical Paper
Cadavid Analytical PaperCadavid Analytical Paper
Cadavid Analytical Paper
 
Remembering the “National Covenant for Freedom” 40 Years Later
Remembering the “National Covenant for Freedom” 40 Years LaterRemembering the “National Covenant for Freedom” 40 Years Later
Remembering the “National Covenant for Freedom” 40 Years Later
 

Recently uploaded

E-learning Odoo 17 New features - Odoo 17 Slides
E-learning Odoo 17  New features - Odoo 17 SlidesE-learning Odoo 17  New features - Odoo 17 Slides
E-learning Odoo 17 New features - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEWRDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
Murugan Solaiyappan
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
Celine George
 
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdfOpen Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Jessica Zairo
 
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdfASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
Scholarhat
 
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List ScanningOdoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
Celine George
 
Imagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science ResearchImagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science Research
Abhik Roychoudhury
 
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Dr. Nasir Mustafa CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION "NEUROANATOMY"
Dr. Nasir Mustafa CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION "NEUROANATOMY"Dr. Nasir Mustafa CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION "NEUROANATOMY"
Dr. Nasir Mustafa CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION "NEUROANATOMY"
Dr. Nasir Mustafa
 
Java MCQ Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
Java MCQ Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHatJava MCQ Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
Java MCQ Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHatNode JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
ALBERTHISOLER1
 
Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Introduction to Banking System in India.pptIntroduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Dr. S. Bulomine Regi
 
PRESS RELEASE - UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, JULY 16, 2024.pdf
PRESS RELEASE - UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, JULY 16, 2024.pdfPRESS RELEASE - UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, JULY 16, 2024.pdf
PRESS RELEASE - UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, JULY 16, 2024.pdf
nservice241
 
Parent PD Design for Professional Development .docx
Parent PD Design for Professional Development .docxParent PD Design for Professional Development .docx
Parent PD Design for Professional Development .docx
AntonioJarligoCompra
 
Lange and Roberts "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape Session 5: DEIA in Peer Re...
Lange and Roberts "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape Session 5: DEIA in Peer Re...Lange and Roberts "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape Session 5: DEIA in Peer Re...
Lange and Roberts "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape Session 5: DEIA in Peer Re...
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)
 
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptxSD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
elwoodprias1
 
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHatSQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
Association for Project Management
 

Recently uploaded (20)

E-learning Odoo 17 New features - Odoo 17 Slides
E-learning Odoo 17  New features - Odoo 17 SlidesE-learning Odoo 17  New features - Odoo 17 Slides
E-learning Odoo 17 New features - Odoo 17 Slides
 
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEWRDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
 
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
 
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdfOpen Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
 
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdfASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
 
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List ScanningOdoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
 
Imagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science ResearchImagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science Research
 
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
 
Dr. Nasir Mustafa CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION "NEUROANATOMY"
Dr. Nasir Mustafa CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION "NEUROANATOMY"Dr. Nasir Mustafa CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION "NEUROANATOMY"
Dr. Nasir Mustafa CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION "NEUROANATOMY"
 
Java MCQ Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
Java MCQ Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHatJava MCQ Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
Java MCQ Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
 
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHatNode JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
 
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
 
Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Introduction to Banking System in India.pptIntroduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt
 
PRESS RELEASE - UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, JULY 16, 2024.pdf
PRESS RELEASE - UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, JULY 16, 2024.pdfPRESS RELEASE - UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, JULY 16, 2024.pdf
PRESS RELEASE - UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, JULY 16, 2024.pdf
 
Parent PD Design for Professional Development .docx
Parent PD Design for Professional Development .docxParent PD Design for Professional Development .docx
Parent PD Design for Professional Development .docx
 
Lange and Roberts "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape Session 5: DEIA in Peer Re...
Lange and Roberts "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape Session 5: DEIA in Peer Re...Lange and Roberts "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape Session 5: DEIA in Peer Re...
Lange and Roberts "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape Session 5: DEIA in Peer Re...
 
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptxSD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
 
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHatSQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
 
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
 

Fifth republic to present

  • 2. The world‟s eye was on the Philippines after it successfully toppled down almost a decade of dictatorship rule through a peaceful demonstration tagged as the EDSA People‟s Power Revolution.  After the widowed wife of former Senator Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Sr. was elected into office, President Corazon Cojuangco-Aquino faced both economic and political problems of the country. Her rule as president began on February 25, 1986 after taking oath at the Club Filipino in San Juan, Metro Manila.  She was the 11th president of the Philippines and the first woman to become president of the country. She was tasked to put together a nation devastated by the rule of her predecessorFerdinand E. Marcos. It was not an easy task since the country‟s economic condition was in its worse state since 1982. Filipinos living below the poverty line is alarmingly increasing in number.
  • 3.  Aquino also struggled with Marcos‟ supporters in the Armed Forces of the Philippines who attempted to remove her from power.  The group of soldiers, who called themselves members of the „Reform the Armed Forces Movement‟ or RAM, staged seven coup attempts against the Aquino administration.  The attack held in August 28, 1987, which killed at least 53 people and injured more than 200 others, was the most serious attack the government experienced. These attacks worsened the economic condition of the Philippines as investors became wary about Aquino‟s ability to rebuild the country.
  • 4. The International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank and the United States also forced the government to fulfill its obligations to pay an estimated $27.2 billion worth of debt Aquino inherited from the previous administration.  To be eligible for IMF‟s rehabilitation programs, Aquino instigated reforms towards a freer economy. These reforms ended monopolization of the agricultural industry of the country, reduced tariffs and lifted import controls in the Philippines.  The political condition of the country at that time did not look any better. To resolve the issue, Aquino commissioned a referendum that would be the framework for the new government. It tackled various issues from shifting the government from presidential to parliamentary, to economic reforms involving foreign participations. Due to its immediate necessity, details of the referendum were left to the legislature to determine. Released in February 1987, the new charter easily won the approval of the public.
  • 5. President Fidel V. Ramos  The rule that followed Aquino‟s presidency established steadier governance of the Philippines. Fidel V. Ramos took office in 1992 and immediately worked on the country‟s recovery. Ramos initiated the Social Reform Agenda or SRA that was geared towards alleviating poverty. The Gross National Product reached an average of 5 percent annually, which translated to a growth in the average family income of the Filipinos.
  • 6. He undertook the implementation of Build- Operate-Transfer (BOT) law which improved public infrastructure and deregulated several industries to help liberalize the economy.  The country also saw improvements in its relations to secessionist Moro Islamic Liberation Front or MNLF as Ramos achieved a peace agreement with the group.  Ramos bagged the first UNESCO Peace Award yet given to an Asian for this effort. He also came to be known as the „Centennial‟ President for his successful supervision of the 100th anniversary of the country‟s independence from the Spanish rule celebrated in June 12, 1998.
  • 7. A film actor, Joseph Ejercito Estrada, succeeded Ramos as president in 1998. He was the previous mayor in the municipality of San Juan, Metro Manila and vice president of Ramos, Estrada was placed into office by a wide margin of vote.  He gained support in the election for his promise to begin a pro-poor administration that his predecessors failed to promote in their respective platforms. This support dwindled down as his administration was rattled by corruption.
  • 8. Critics accused him of failing to live up to his promises due to the resurfacing of cronyism in the government. Efforts made by Ramos to resolve political conflicts in Mindanao were also threatened as Estrada launched an all-out war against the Islamic group in Mindanao called the Moro Islamic Liberation Front in March 21, 2000.  In the same year, Ilocos Sur Governor Luis “Chavit” Singson accused Estrada of receiving Php 400 million from him as payoff from illegal gambling profits. The revelation led to Estrada‟s impeachment in November 12, 2000 and his ouster from presidency in January 20, 2001. Then Supreme Court Chief Justice Hilario Davide, Jr. swore-in vice-president, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as president the same day.
  • 9. Critics accused him of failing to live up to his promises due to the resurfacing of cronyism in the government.  Efforts made by Ramos to resolve political conflicts in Mindanao were also threatened as Estrada launched an all-out war against the Islamic group in Mindanao called the Moro Islamic Liberation Front in March 21, 2000.  In the same year, Ilocos Sur Governor Luis “Chavit” Singson accused Estrada of receiving Php 400 million from him as payoff from illegal gambling profits. The revelation led to Estrada‟s impeachment in November 12, 2000 and his ouster from presidency in January 20, 2001.  Then Supreme Court Chief Justice Hilario Davide, Jr. swore-in vice-president, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as president the same day.
  • 10.  The Philippine Constitution allows the president to ran for a second term if he/she was sworn into office by succession and served in less than 4 years, otherwise the president is limited to one term of office.  Arroyo was qualified to ran for another term. Indeed, she did. In the 2004 Philippine General Election, Arroyo declared her presidential candidacy and she was seated into office for the second time.  Arroyo promoted a “Stronger Republic” under her rule, which was geared toward vigorous economic reforms. However, her administration was bombarded with several controversies and impeachment attempts in the last five years. Hence, as she announced her disinterest to extend her term or run for office in the 2010 elections, critics expressed their apprehensions.
  • 11. Once, Arroyo had broken the people‟s trust when she declared that she was not interested to run in the 2004 elections. Protesters express their disappointment every so often rallying at the streets calling against the Charter Change (Cha-Cha) and now the Constituent Assembly (Con-Ass), which is currently promoted by the Arroyo‟s supporters in Congress when the Cha-Cha attempt has become improbable receiving critical disapproval.  The representatives in the lower house of Congress were said to have made the move independently to pass the Con-Ass however, many are skeptic of the true agenda of the Arroyo administration as the 2010 election countdown nears. Supporters of Arroyo are pushing for a change of government from a Presidential to a Parliamentary form. This will enable Arroyo run for parliament and become prime minister.
  • 12. On the May 10, 2010 general elections, Arroyo run and won for congresswoman for the 2nd district of Pampanga province. Making her the first president to hold a lower office after occupying the highest office of the land. On her first day as congresswoman, Arroyo filed a resolution calling for Congress to hold a Constitutional Convention to amend the constitution.   On June 30, 2010, Benigno Simeon Cojuangco Aquino III, a.k.a Noynoy Aquino, was proclaimed as president of the republic together with Jejomar Cabauatan Binay as vice-president. 