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FARMER’S
SUICIDE IN INDIA
PRESENTEDBY:-
GAURAVKUMAR
SILICONINSTITUTEOF TECHNOLOGY
DEATHOF INDIA’SBACKBONE
FARMERS’ SUICIDES:
WHY TALK ABOUT IT….?
 Agriculture sector has a pivotal role in Indian economy.
 Agriculture provides the principal means of livelihood for over 60
percent of India's population.
 Decrease in the share of agriculture sector in G.D.P. of India.
 Major crop production states like Maharastra, Telangan, Karnataka, Andhra
Pradesh, Kerela has maximum cases of farmers suicide.
 On average, one indian farmer committed suicide every 32 minutes between
1997 and 2002. since 2002, this has become one suicides every 30 minutes.
THIS VIDEO IS AIMED TOWARDS A
CHANGE WE WANT IN SOCIETY
HISTORY OF FARMER’S SUICIDE
 In the 1990s the Govt. officials
denied a large number of
suicides.
 15% farmers killed themselves.
FARMERS’ SUICIDE STATISTICS
 On an average 38 farmers commit suicide everyday in India, one Indian
farmer commits suicide every 32 minutes between 1997 and 2005 and
since 2012, this has become one suicide every 30 minutes.
REASONS FOR FARMERS’
SUICIDE IN INDIA
DROUGHT
 As much as 79.5% of India's farmland
relies on flooding during monsoon
season, so inadequate rainfall can cause
droughts, making crop failure more
common.
MONSOONS
 Farmers in India over dependence on the
monsoons. There is regular break down
in the meteorological cycle of rainfall.
LACK OF PROPER IRRIGATION
 Indian farmers don’t have any source for
proper irrigation farming. Irrigation farming
is when crops are grown with the help of
irrigation systems by supplying water to
land through rivers, reservoirs, tanks, and
wells. 58% of farmers having committed
suicides had absolutely no irrigation
facilities.
LACK OF POWER SUPPLY
 Many tasks related to agriculture are
power/electric dependent. Costly or
no electricity supply proves to a
significant problem.
EXPENSIVE TECHNOLOGIES
 New technologies are better but they
come with a big price tags, which are
either too costly to be bought or they
get their money through loans which
again push them into debt.
GIRL CHILD
 Dowry is still present in many parts of India.
 Dowry creates financial pressure on the family
head.
MISGUIDED POLICIES
 The waiver given by government helps only if the loan has been taken from a government
backed institution, but most farmers in India borrow from moneylenders at the start of the
sowing season to buy seeds and other ingredients.
 Government only help a fraction of farmers.
 Farmers' demands were not taken into count while preparing the relief package. Neither
were civil society organizations, local government bodies, panchayats etc consulted.
INDEBTEDNESS
 Indebtedness was the reason behind the suicide of 93% farmers.
 Out of 17.64 Lakh farmers only (25.3%) farmers could avail institutional
finance in 2005-06.
 Private money lenders charge high interest rates between 48-60% p.a.
 Higher rate of interest in the cooperative credit system e.g. up to 12.5% to
14% till last year.
 cooperative sector brought down their interest rates to 7%, even then the
farmers are taking loans from the private individuals.
REASONS FOR INDEBTEDNESS
 Increasing cost of agriculture inputs.
 Reduced price of agriculture produces.
 Repeated crop loss.
 Withdrawal of government support.
 Increasing dependence on money lenders at high rates of interest.
 Having crop failure like Late Monsoon, Heavy Monsoon, Pests, Insects,
Natural Calamity, Personal Enmity, Climate Change, Drought
IMPACT OF SUICIDES
 Suicides leads to loss of sole bread winner in the family.
 Widows burdened with the new responsibility as the sole breadwinner.
 It causes a lot of psychological distress to family.
 There is increased social stigma.
 Impact on children’s education.
 Other family members attempting suicides.
 Children sometimes lose both parents to suicide, forcing their education to a
halt, especially if they have to work in order to provide for their needs.
 Farms are confiscated due to inability to pay back high interest loans. There is
also loss of assets i.e. domestic animals and agriculture implements.
 The families moves from farm labor to permanent labor.
 This also leads to child labor and deteoriation of physical health.
PREVENTIVE MEASURES
 AGRICULTURE EXTENSION SERVICES .
 PROVIDE FINANCIAL LITERACY ( HOW TO USE CREDIT, WORK OUT ON COST-
BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF INVESTMENT, RISK COPING MECHANISM I.E., INSURANCE –
CROP & LIFE, INCREASING SAVINGS).
 BUILDING SOCIAL SYSTEMS & STRENGTHENING THEM ( FARMER’S GROUPS
EXPOSURE TO DIFFERENT COPING MECHANISMS, BEST AGRICULTURE PRACTICES).
 FOCUS ON CREATING ALTERNATE LIVELIHOODS.
 ENCOURAGE MULTIPLE CROPPING.
 GENERATE AWARENESS ON PESTICIDE USAGE.
 PROVIDE TIMELY GOVERNMENT INPUT SUBSIDY TO THE FARMERS.
 PROVIDE QUALITY OF SEEDS.
 GOVERNMENT IN ADVANCE SHOULD STATE THE PREMIUM PRICE FOR THE CROPS.
REHABILITATIVE MEASURES
 Counselling can be provided to the farmer’s family
 The families can be helped to gain benefits of various government
schemes.
 Dependent family members can be provided with guidance to other
livelihood alternatives(non farm employment) and
 Seed support, manure, tank silt (red soils) or cost of cultivation can be
provided.
 Interest free loan and free health insurance services are also required.
STEP TAKEN BY INDIAN GOVERNMENT
 In the union budget 2017-18, Indian government aimed at doubling
farmers’ income in the next five years.
 Indian government is providing crop insurance under ‘Pradhan Mantri
Fasal Bima Yojana‘ (PMFBY) program.
 ‘Agriculture Produce and Market Committee (APMC) act’ was implemented
to develop efficient marketing system for agricultural produce.
 ‘Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee (MNREGA) Act’ was
introduced to ensure jobs to the rural population during non-farming
seasons, so that migration of agrarian community to cities in search of jobs
can be curbed.
STEPS SHOULD BE TAKEN BY GOVERNMENT
 Immediate compensation for crop failure.
 Remunerative prices, direct procurement from farmers.
 Modify export/import policies and tariffs in favour of Indian farmers.
 Provide ex-gratia and loan repayment support for all families of farmer
suicides in time-bound manner.
 Price Compensation system for all food crops.
 Guarantee minimum living incomes to all farmers.
 Bank credit to all farmers with adequate scale of finance.
 Effective crop insurance to cover all crops and all farmers.
 Constitute a Parliamentarians’/MLAs’ Forum on Agrarian Distress to
address the causes of the crisis.
SITUATIONS IN OTHER COUNTRIES
 Farming profession is considered as high stress profession not just in India
but also in some other countries like Sri Lanka, USA, Canada, England and
Australia.
 Large land holdings and introduction of advanced farming technologies
have succeeded in improving the farmer’s life in developed countries.
CONCLUSION
 Though there are many schemes for improving the lives of farmers in
India, the programs are not being implemented effectively. Implementing
advanced technologies and encouraging organic farming practices and the
effective implementation of schemes can together solve the problem of
farmer suicides.
ANY QUERIES…..
`
BY GAURAV KUMAR
E-MAIL:-GAURAV.KUMAR8462@GMAIL.COM

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Farmer's suicide in india

  • 3. FARMERS’ SUICIDES: WHY TALK ABOUT IT….?  Agriculture sector has a pivotal role in Indian economy.  Agriculture provides the principal means of livelihood for over 60 percent of India's population.  Decrease in the share of agriculture sector in G.D.P. of India.  Major crop production states like Maharastra, Telangan, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Kerela has maximum cases of farmers suicide.  On average, one indian farmer committed suicide every 32 minutes between 1997 and 2002. since 2002, this has become one suicides every 30 minutes.
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  • 5. THIS VIDEO IS AIMED TOWARDS A CHANGE WE WANT IN SOCIETY
  • 6. HISTORY OF FARMER’S SUICIDE  In the 1990s the Govt. officials denied a large number of suicides.  15% farmers killed themselves.
  • 7. FARMERS’ SUICIDE STATISTICS  On an average 38 farmers commit suicide everyday in India, one Indian farmer commits suicide every 32 minutes between 1997 and 2005 and since 2012, this has become one suicide every 30 minutes.
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  • 14. DROUGHT  As much as 79.5% of India's farmland relies on flooding during monsoon season, so inadequate rainfall can cause droughts, making crop failure more common.
  • 15. MONSOONS  Farmers in India over dependence on the monsoons. There is regular break down in the meteorological cycle of rainfall.
  • 16. LACK OF PROPER IRRIGATION  Indian farmers don’t have any source for proper irrigation farming. Irrigation farming is when crops are grown with the help of irrigation systems by supplying water to land through rivers, reservoirs, tanks, and wells. 58% of farmers having committed suicides had absolutely no irrigation facilities.
  • 17. LACK OF POWER SUPPLY  Many tasks related to agriculture are power/electric dependent. Costly or no electricity supply proves to a significant problem.
  • 18. EXPENSIVE TECHNOLOGIES  New technologies are better but they come with a big price tags, which are either too costly to be bought or they get their money through loans which again push them into debt.
  • 19. GIRL CHILD  Dowry is still present in many parts of India.  Dowry creates financial pressure on the family head.
  • 20. MISGUIDED POLICIES  The waiver given by government helps only if the loan has been taken from a government backed institution, but most farmers in India borrow from moneylenders at the start of the sowing season to buy seeds and other ingredients.  Government only help a fraction of farmers.  Farmers' demands were not taken into count while preparing the relief package. Neither were civil society organizations, local government bodies, panchayats etc consulted.
  • 21. INDEBTEDNESS  Indebtedness was the reason behind the suicide of 93% farmers.  Out of 17.64 Lakh farmers only (25.3%) farmers could avail institutional finance in 2005-06.  Private money lenders charge high interest rates between 48-60% p.a.  Higher rate of interest in the cooperative credit system e.g. up to 12.5% to 14% till last year.  cooperative sector brought down their interest rates to 7%, even then the farmers are taking loans from the private individuals.
  • 22. REASONS FOR INDEBTEDNESS  Increasing cost of agriculture inputs.  Reduced price of agriculture produces.  Repeated crop loss.  Withdrawal of government support.  Increasing dependence on money lenders at high rates of interest.  Having crop failure like Late Monsoon, Heavy Monsoon, Pests, Insects, Natural Calamity, Personal Enmity, Climate Change, Drought
  • 23. IMPACT OF SUICIDES  Suicides leads to loss of sole bread winner in the family.  Widows burdened with the new responsibility as the sole breadwinner.  It causes a lot of psychological distress to family.  There is increased social stigma.  Impact on children’s education.  Other family members attempting suicides.  Children sometimes lose both parents to suicide, forcing their education to a halt, especially if they have to work in order to provide for their needs.  Farms are confiscated due to inability to pay back high interest loans. There is also loss of assets i.e. domestic animals and agriculture implements.  The families moves from farm labor to permanent labor.  This also leads to child labor and deteoriation of physical health.
  • 24. PREVENTIVE MEASURES  AGRICULTURE EXTENSION SERVICES .  PROVIDE FINANCIAL LITERACY ( HOW TO USE CREDIT, WORK OUT ON COST- BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF INVESTMENT, RISK COPING MECHANISM I.E., INSURANCE – CROP & LIFE, INCREASING SAVINGS).  BUILDING SOCIAL SYSTEMS & STRENGTHENING THEM ( FARMER’S GROUPS EXPOSURE TO DIFFERENT COPING MECHANISMS, BEST AGRICULTURE PRACTICES).  FOCUS ON CREATING ALTERNATE LIVELIHOODS.  ENCOURAGE MULTIPLE CROPPING.  GENERATE AWARENESS ON PESTICIDE USAGE.  PROVIDE TIMELY GOVERNMENT INPUT SUBSIDY TO THE FARMERS.  PROVIDE QUALITY OF SEEDS.  GOVERNMENT IN ADVANCE SHOULD STATE THE PREMIUM PRICE FOR THE CROPS.
  • 25. REHABILITATIVE MEASURES  Counselling can be provided to the farmer’s family  The families can be helped to gain benefits of various government schemes.  Dependent family members can be provided with guidance to other livelihood alternatives(non farm employment) and  Seed support, manure, tank silt (red soils) or cost of cultivation can be provided.  Interest free loan and free health insurance services are also required.
  • 26. STEP TAKEN BY INDIAN GOVERNMENT  In the union budget 2017-18, Indian government aimed at doubling farmers’ income in the next five years.  Indian government is providing crop insurance under ‘Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana‘ (PMFBY) program.  ‘Agriculture Produce and Market Committee (APMC) act’ was implemented to develop efficient marketing system for agricultural produce.  ‘Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee (MNREGA) Act’ was introduced to ensure jobs to the rural population during non-farming seasons, so that migration of agrarian community to cities in search of jobs can be curbed.
  • 27. STEPS SHOULD BE TAKEN BY GOVERNMENT  Immediate compensation for crop failure.  Remunerative prices, direct procurement from farmers.  Modify export/import policies and tariffs in favour of Indian farmers.  Provide ex-gratia and loan repayment support for all families of farmer suicides in time-bound manner.  Price Compensation system for all food crops.  Guarantee minimum living incomes to all farmers.  Bank credit to all farmers with adequate scale of finance.  Effective crop insurance to cover all crops and all farmers.  Constitute a Parliamentarians’/MLAs’ Forum on Agrarian Distress to address the causes of the crisis.
  • 28. SITUATIONS IN OTHER COUNTRIES  Farming profession is considered as high stress profession not just in India but also in some other countries like Sri Lanka, USA, Canada, England and Australia.  Large land holdings and introduction of advanced farming technologies have succeeded in improving the farmer’s life in developed countries.
  • 29. CONCLUSION  Though there are many schemes for improving the lives of farmers in India, the programs are not being implemented effectively. Implementing advanced technologies and encouraging organic farming practices and the effective implementation of schemes can together solve the problem of farmer suicides.