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FAMILY
PLANNING
(RESPONSIBLE
PARENTHOOD AND BIRTH
CONTROL)
∗ FAMILY PLANNING. is the
process by which responsible
couples determine by themselves
the timing, proper spacing and
number of children born to them
with the aim of giving them
quality life.
DEFINITION AND NATURE OF FAMILY
PLANNING
∗ Three main aspects:
∗ 1.Responsible parenthood
∗ 2.Proper spacing of
children
∗ 3.Birth control
∗ Contraceptive
means, prevention
of unwanted pregnancy.
∗ responsible parenthood
means responsible
pro-creation and socialization
of children.
∗1.SOCIOLOGICAL NORMS
Family planning is the process
whereby, through interaction, married
couples arrived at an intelligent
decision in the number of children they
could provide with quality life. It means
responsible parenthood and proper
spacing of children through the use of
effective contraceptive methods.
Sociologists make intelligent analysis
on the problems brought about by rapid
population growth.
NORMS ON FAMILY PLANNING
∗2.MEDICAL NORMS
Family planning through the use of
contraceptives provides protection
against unwanted pregnancies.
Contraceptives work to prevent the
meeting of the egg and sperm.
3.LEGAL-JURIDICAL NORMS
Government support of family
planning is reflected in Article XV, Sec.10
of the Philippine Constitution to achieve
and maintain population levels most
conducive to the national welfare.
∗4.ECCLESIASTICAL NORMS
All the major religions of
the world believe in the guiding principle
that a couple has a right to limit family
size. The Roman Catholic Church is not
against family planning but
categorically condemns the use of
artificial methods as they are against
the natural laws.
∗ 5.PSYCHOLOGICAL NORMS
Family planning has
psychological bearing on problems
which confront the youth today brought
about by their developmental stage and
the sexual revolution in the present
times.
POPULATION POLICY AND
PROGRAMS
∗ Congress, through R.A. 6365, created the Population
Commission (POPCOM) in 1971.
Main Goal:
To enhance national development by meeting the
social challenge of a high rate of population growth.
The Department of Education and the United Nations Fund
for Population Activities create programs for population
education.
Population education is the process of developing
awareness and understanding of population situations as
well as rational attitude and behavior toward those
situations for the attainment of high quality of life for the
individual, the family, the community, the nation and the
world.
CONTRACEPTION (BIRTH
CONTROL AND
TECHNIQUES)
∗ - is your partner willing to
use family planning?
∗1.CHEMICAL METHOD
Pill or Oral Contraceptive
The pill is a tablet made of man-made
hormones (estrogen and progesterone) mimicking the ones
your body produces monthly on its own.
“Morning – After Pill”
is a form of emergency birth control.
Implants
Implants are six matchstick-size rubber silicon
rods, tubes or capsules containing progestin.
∗ 2.Sterilization or Surgical Method
In sterilization, the eggs or
sperm are prevented from going any where by
cutting, knotting or blocking the tubes along
which they normally travel.
Tubal Ligation
Female sterilization
involves tying, cutting or searing the two
fallopian tubes or oviducts via surgery so that
the passageway to the uterus is blocked.
Male condom or prophylactic
latex
The condom is a
synthetic latex shealth
worn over the penis
during copulation
to prevent the sperm
from entering the
woman’s womb.
3.Mechanical or Barrier Methods
Female
condom
is elongated as
polyurethane shealth about 6.5
inches long, with a flexible ring
at each end. It is used to line the
inside of the vagina and covers
the cervix.
∗ Diaphragm/Cervical cap
This device is a thin rubber
cup or bowl-shaped rubber
disk with flexible rim that fits
into the top of the vagina and
covers the cervix, the neck or
entrance to womb.
∗Sponge
is a soft, donut-shaped device, which is made
of spongy material that contains spermicide.
Also called Fertility awareness,
refers to the methods for
planning and preventing
pregnancies by observation of
the naturally occurring signs and
symptoms of the fertile and
infertile phases of the menstrual
cycle.
4.Natural Family Planning
Methods
∗ The Rhythm (or Calendar) Method
also known as the safe
period. It is a fertility tracking method
using a calendar.
∗ Cervical Mucus Method
relying on a woman’s familiarity with
her body and it’s processes.
∗ Basal Body Temperature (BBT)
involves the daily recording of the
temperature changes in the woman’s
body with a special thermometer.
∗ Sympto-thermal Method
This is a combination of the BBT and
the cervical mucus methods and other
physiological indicators of ovulation, such
as tenderness of the breast and mid-cycle
pain.
∗ Withdrawal or Coitus Interruptus
during sex, the man withdraws
his penis from the woman’s vagina just
before the sperm-containing fluid
ejaculates.
∗ Breastfeeding is the main factor for delaying
menstruation (lactational amenorrhea). As the
baby sucks, the nipples are stimulated, causing the
woman’s body to produce prolactin, the hormone
that includes milk flow.
Breastfeeding also provides many
other benefits. It is the best nutrition of infants. It
lowers the incidence of infant diseases and death
because of the presence of colostrum, a yellowish
fluid in the mother’s milk known to be an antibody.
Prolonged Lactation or Lactational
Amenorrhea (LAM)
∗ The Douche
involves the washing out of sperm and semen
deposited inside the woman’s vagina, with the
medicated solution immediately after sexual
intercourse.
∗ Abstinence
is that ancient but worthy method and the
means of choice by the most conservative.
Is the avoidance of any sexual activity
that could cause pregnancy.
∗ 5.Intra-Uterine Devices (IUD)
are made of small flexible plastic of metal a
few centimeters long that is placed inside the uterus
(womb).
∗PREPARED BY:
∗BUTIAL, MILROSE A.
∗RULL, CHERRY LAINE C.
∗YUTA, JANICE T.
∗GROUP IV

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Family planning

  • 2.
  • 3. ∗ FAMILY PLANNING. is the process by which responsible couples determine by themselves the timing, proper spacing and number of children born to them with the aim of giving them quality life. DEFINITION AND NATURE OF FAMILY PLANNING
  • 4. ∗ Three main aspects: ∗ 1.Responsible parenthood ∗ 2.Proper spacing of children ∗ 3.Birth control
  • 5.
  • 6. ∗ Contraceptive means, prevention of unwanted pregnancy. ∗ responsible parenthood means responsible pro-creation and socialization of children.
  • 7. ∗1.SOCIOLOGICAL NORMS Family planning is the process whereby, through interaction, married couples arrived at an intelligent decision in the number of children they could provide with quality life. It means responsible parenthood and proper spacing of children through the use of effective contraceptive methods. Sociologists make intelligent analysis on the problems brought about by rapid population growth. NORMS ON FAMILY PLANNING
  • 8. ∗2.MEDICAL NORMS Family planning through the use of contraceptives provides protection against unwanted pregnancies. Contraceptives work to prevent the meeting of the egg and sperm. 3.LEGAL-JURIDICAL NORMS Government support of family planning is reflected in Article XV, Sec.10 of the Philippine Constitution to achieve and maintain population levels most conducive to the national welfare.
  • 9. ∗4.ECCLESIASTICAL NORMS All the major religions of the world believe in the guiding principle that a couple has a right to limit family size. The Roman Catholic Church is not against family planning but categorically condemns the use of artificial methods as they are against the natural laws. ∗ 5.PSYCHOLOGICAL NORMS Family planning has psychological bearing on problems which confront the youth today brought about by their developmental stage and the sexual revolution in the present times.
  • 10. POPULATION POLICY AND PROGRAMS ∗ Congress, through R.A. 6365, created the Population Commission (POPCOM) in 1971. Main Goal: To enhance national development by meeting the social challenge of a high rate of population growth. The Department of Education and the United Nations Fund for Population Activities create programs for population education. Population education is the process of developing awareness and understanding of population situations as well as rational attitude and behavior toward those situations for the attainment of high quality of life for the individual, the family, the community, the nation and the world.
  • 12. ∗ - is your partner willing to use family planning?
  • 13.
  • 14. ∗1.CHEMICAL METHOD Pill or Oral Contraceptive The pill is a tablet made of man-made hormones (estrogen and progesterone) mimicking the ones your body produces monthly on its own. “Morning – After Pill” is a form of emergency birth control. Implants Implants are six matchstick-size rubber silicon rods, tubes or capsules containing progestin.
  • 15. ∗ 2.Sterilization or Surgical Method In sterilization, the eggs or sperm are prevented from going any where by cutting, knotting or blocking the tubes along which they normally travel. Tubal Ligation Female sterilization involves tying, cutting or searing the two fallopian tubes or oviducts via surgery so that the passageway to the uterus is blocked.
  • 16. Male condom or prophylactic latex The condom is a synthetic latex shealth worn over the penis during copulation to prevent the sperm from entering the woman’s womb. 3.Mechanical or Barrier Methods
  • 17. Female condom is elongated as polyurethane shealth about 6.5 inches long, with a flexible ring at each end. It is used to line the inside of the vagina and covers the cervix.
  • 18. ∗ Diaphragm/Cervical cap This device is a thin rubber cup or bowl-shaped rubber disk with flexible rim that fits into the top of the vagina and covers the cervix, the neck or entrance to womb. ∗Sponge is a soft, donut-shaped device, which is made of spongy material that contains spermicide.
  • 19. Also called Fertility awareness, refers to the methods for planning and preventing pregnancies by observation of the naturally occurring signs and symptoms of the fertile and infertile phases of the menstrual cycle. 4.Natural Family Planning Methods
  • 20. ∗ The Rhythm (or Calendar) Method also known as the safe period. It is a fertility tracking method using a calendar. ∗ Cervical Mucus Method relying on a woman’s familiarity with her body and it’s processes. ∗ Basal Body Temperature (BBT) involves the daily recording of the temperature changes in the woman’s body with a special thermometer.
  • 21. ∗ Sympto-thermal Method This is a combination of the BBT and the cervical mucus methods and other physiological indicators of ovulation, such as tenderness of the breast and mid-cycle pain. ∗ Withdrawal or Coitus Interruptus during sex, the man withdraws his penis from the woman’s vagina just before the sperm-containing fluid ejaculates.
  • 22. ∗ Breastfeeding is the main factor for delaying menstruation (lactational amenorrhea). As the baby sucks, the nipples are stimulated, causing the woman’s body to produce prolactin, the hormone that includes milk flow. Breastfeeding also provides many other benefits. It is the best nutrition of infants. It lowers the incidence of infant diseases and death because of the presence of colostrum, a yellowish fluid in the mother’s milk known to be an antibody. Prolonged Lactation or Lactational Amenorrhea (LAM)
  • 23. ∗ The Douche involves the washing out of sperm and semen deposited inside the woman’s vagina, with the medicated solution immediately after sexual intercourse. ∗ Abstinence is that ancient but worthy method and the means of choice by the most conservative. Is the avoidance of any sexual activity that could cause pregnancy. ∗ 5.Intra-Uterine Devices (IUD) are made of small flexible plastic of metal a few centimeters long that is placed inside the uterus (womb).
  • 24. ∗PREPARED BY: ∗BUTIAL, MILROSE A. ∗RULL, CHERRY LAINE C. ∗YUTA, JANICE T. ∗GROUP IV