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Putting FAIR into practice: it takes a village
Bio-IT World, FAIR Data Symposium - 15 April, 2024
https://www.slideshare.net/SusannaSansone
Oxford Academic Lead for Research Practice;
Professor of Data Readiness, Engineering Science;
Director, Oxford e-Research Centre
Co-Lead
ELIXIR Interoperability Platform
Susanna-Assunta Sansone, PhD
Founding
Academic Journal Editor
0000-0001-5306-5690
@SusannaASansone
susanna-assunta.sansone@oerc.ox.ac.uk
datareadiness.eng.ox.ac.uk
sasansone
Communities
Communities
Communities
Communities
Communities
Communities
Incentives
Incentives
Incentives
Infrastructure and Skills
Infrastructure and Skills
Infrastructure and Skills
Infrastructure and Skills
Infrastructure and Skills
Infrastructure and Skills
Usability
Usability
Usability
Usability
Usability
Usability
Policy
Awareness and
Understandability
The road to FAIRness: it takes a village
Modified form the Theory of Change model (Nosek, 2019):
https://www.cos.io/blog/continuing-acceleration-new-strategic-plan
and https://zenodo.org/record/6881009#.Y2BIeuTP2F5
D4.4 Report and recommendations on FAIR incentives and
expected impacts in the Nordics, Baltics and EOSC,
https://zenodo.org/record/6881009#.Y2BIeuTP2F5
To enhance the value of all digital resources and its
reuse by humans and machines
A continuum of increasing reusability, via many
different implementations
Aligning a community around common guidelines
Nothing new, but good data management
Globally unique and
persistent identifiers
Community defined
descriptive metadata
Community defined
terminologies
Detailed
provenance
Terms of access
Terms of
use
A set of principles…..not a standard!
The narrative is insufficient to circumscribe the valid
mechanism to achieve the behaviours they describe
Tendency towards “gamification” of FAIR-compliance,
with little/no proof they are or support FAIRness
What is the problem?
As of April 2024, there are
27 independent evaluation,
assessment, assistance tools;
see fairassist.org
The tests used and the results
given are inconsistent, and
not comparable
The “cottage industry” of FAIRness
A set of principles…..not a standard!
The narrative is insufficient to circumscribe the valid
mechanism to achieve the behaviours they describe
We need to trust claims such as “I am FAIR”, or
“My data is FAIR”, or “My repository enables FAIR”
As of April 2024, there are
27 independent evaluation,
assessment, assistance tools;
see fairassist.org
The tests used and the results
given are inconsistent, and
not comparable
Addressing the problem collaboratively
● Addressed the bases for the differences in
FAIR measurement
● Focused on metadata discovery and
harvesting as the first target for harmonization
zenodo.org/doi/10.5281/zenodo.10490288
zenodo.org/record/7463421
(ostrails.eu)
As of April 2024, there are
27 independent evaluation,
assessment, assistance tools;
see fairassist.org
The tests used and the results
given are inconsistent, and
not comparable
Addressing the problem collaboratively
FAIR Signposting
Uniformly invites machine agents to
follow the links to their target location
on the web, and hopefully find further
information and links there; e.g. what the
persistent identifier of a digital object is,
where its landing page is, where and what
its content is, where metadata that
describes it is, and what the persistent
identifier of its author is.
signposting.org/FAIR
FAIRsharing
Fulfills several roles, incl. of being
a validator used by FAIR-enabling
tools as a look-up service for the
thousands of types and names of
models/formats, terminologies,
minimal information checklists,
and identifier schemas (used by
datasets and repositories, and
other digital objects)
fairsharing.org
An informative & educational resource
CC BY 4.0 International
Educational material
fairsharing.org/educational
CC BY 4.0 International
Almost 3k standards+databases in Life Science
Identifiers
Terminologies Guidelines
Formats
CC BY 4.0 International
Standard organizations, e.g.: Grass-roots groups, e.g.:
• Industry-level standards
• Mostly regulators-driven
• Participation is often regulated
• Standards are sold or licenced
• Formal development process, often less
flexible, could be lengthy
• Charges apply to advanced training or
programmatic access
Help understand their life cycle and landscape
Identifiers
Terminologies Guidelines
Formats
• Mostly research-level standards
• Open to any interested party
• Volunteering efforts
• Standards are free for use
• Development process varies, more flexible and
adaptable to changes
• Minimal or little funds for carry out the work, let
alone provide training
CC BY 4.0 International
● FAIRsharing holds a ‘live’ collection of the standards (incl. semantics artefacts) and
their relationships, recommended by the ISO document
● Complements the static (non-machine readable) list of standards in the ISO spec.
“Recommended standards referenced in
this document can be found online as a
constantly actively curated and updated list
in the “ISO 20691 FAIRsharing Collection”
https://committee
.iso.org/standard/
68848.html
https://fairsharing.org/3533
Create views on set of standards, e.g. ISO
CC BY 4.0 International
Translational Medicine
Clinical Developments
https://fairsharing.org/3519
A collaboration with their FAIR Implementation WG
Disclaimer: These profiles speak for a limited community and do not represent any company standards
Building and comparing
“FAIR profiles”
CC BY 4.0 International
Disclaimer: These profiles speak for a limited community and do not represent any company standards
Clinical Developments
Snapshot of the semantic and
syntactic standards used
CC BY 4.0 International
ELIXIR: an intergovernmental organization that
coordinates Life Science resources across Europe
Databases
Training
Software tools
Data standards
Compute resources
Scientific & technical experts
400
resources,
openly
accessible
800
experts
from 245
institutions
23 Nodes
and a Hub
Share
Reuse
Preserve
Analyse
Process
Plan
Collect
FAIR
RDM
know-how
Support, guidance and
context for RDM
Focus groups around
relevant topic, for example
Information and guidance
on (meta)data standards
Detailed recipes for
making data FAIR
ELIXIR supports FAIR RDM practices with
products and processes, some examples
ELIXIR complementary, interlinked resources:
an example
https://fairsharing.org/search?recordType=identifier_schema
ELIXIR industry engagement activities
Resources and services:
Selection of best practices, resource co-creation
Engagement & matchmaking:
Events, biohackathons, knowledge exchange
Capacity building:
EU and national projects for co-developement of
tools and standards
Visit our industry webpage:
elixir-europe.org/industry
Subscribe to our
industry newsletter
An exemplar of joint activities!
Contact the ELIXIR industry and innovation officer (despoina.sousoni@elixir-europe.org)

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FAIR, FAIRsharing, FAIR Cookbook and ELIXIR - Sansone SA - Boston 2024

  • 1. Putting FAIR into practice: it takes a village Bio-IT World, FAIR Data Symposium - 15 April, 2024 https://www.slideshare.net/SusannaSansone Oxford Academic Lead for Research Practice; Professor of Data Readiness, Engineering Science; Director, Oxford e-Research Centre Co-Lead ELIXIR Interoperability Platform Susanna-Assunta Sansone, PhD Founding Academic Journal Editor 0000-0001-5306-5690 @SusannaASansone susanna-assunta.sansone@oerc.ox.ac.uk datareadiness.eng.ox.ac.uk sasansone
  • 2. Communities Communities Communities Communities Communities Communities Incentives Incentives Incentives Infrastructure and Skills Infrastructure and Skills Infrastructure and Skills Infrastructure and Skills Infrastructure and Skills Infrastructure and Skills Usability Usability Usability Usability Usability Usability Policy Awareness and Understandability The road to FAIRness: it takes a village Modified form the Theory of Change model (Nosek, 2019): https://www.cos.io/blog/continuing-acceleration-new-strategic-plan and https://zenodo.org/record/6881009#.Y2BIeuTP2F5 D4.4 Report and recommendations on FAIR incentives and expected impacts in the Nordics, Baltics and EOSC, https://zenodo.org/record/6881009#.Y2BIeuTP2F5
  • 3. To enhance the value of all digital resources and its reuse by humans and machines A continuum of increasing reusability, via many different implementations Aligning a community around common guidelines Nothing new, but good data management
  • 4. Globally unique and persistent identifiers Community defined descriptive metadata Community defined terminologies Detailed provenance Terms of access Terms of use A set of principles…..not a standard! The narrative is insufficient to circumscribe the valid mechanism to achieve the behaviours they describe Tendency towards “gamification” of FAIR-compliance, with little/no proof they are or support FAIRness What is the problem?
  • 5. As of April 2024, there are 27 independent evaluation, assessment, assistance tools; see fairassist.org The tests used and the results given are inconsistent, and not comparable The “cottage industry” of FAIRness A set of principles…..not a standard! The narrative is insufficient to circumscribe the valid mechanism to achieve the behaviours they describe We need to trust claims such as “I am FAIR”, or “My data is FAIR”, or “My repository enables FAIR”
  • 6. As of April 2024, there are 27 independent evaluation, assessment, assistance tools; see fairassist.org The tests used and the results given are inconsistent, and not comparable Addressing the problem collaboratively ● Addressed the bases for the differences in FAIR measurement ● Focused on metadata discovery and harvesting as the first target for harmonization zenodo.org/doi/10.5281/zenodo.10490288 zenodo.org/record/7463421 (ostrails.eu)
  • 7. As of April 2024, there are 27 independent evaluation, assessment, assistance tools; see fairassist.org The tests used and the results given are inconsistent, and not comparable Addressing the problem collaboratively FAIR Signposting Uniformly invites machine agents to follow the links to their target location on the web, and hopefully find further information and links there; e.g. what the persistent identifier of a digital object is, where its landing page is, where and what its content is, where metadata that describes it is, and what the persistent identifier of its author is. signposting.org/FAIR FAIRsharing Fulfills several roles, incl. of being a validator used by FAIR-enabling tools as a look-up service for the thousands of types and names of models/formats, terminologies, minimal information checklists, and identifier schemas (used by datasets and repositories, and other digital objects) fairsharing.org
  • 8. An informative & educational resource CC BY 4.0 International
  • 10. Almost 3k standards+databases in Life Science Identifiers Terminologies Guidelines Formats CC BY 4.0 International
  • 11. Standard organizations, e.g.: Grass-roots groups, e.g.: • Industry-level standards • Mostly regulators-driven • Participation is often regulated • Standards are sold or licenced • Formal development process, often less flexible, could be lengthy • Charges apply to advanced training or programmatic access Help understand their life cycle and landscape Identifiers Terminologies Guidelines Formats • Mostly research-level standards • Open to any interested party • Volunteering efforts • Standards are free for use • Development process varies, more flexible and adaptable to changes • Minimal or little funds for carry out the work, let alone provide training CC BY 4.0 International
  • 12. ● FAIRsharing holds a ‘live’ collection of the standards (incl. semantics artefacts) and their relationships, recommended by the ISO document ● Complements the static (non-machine readable) list of standards in the ISO spec. “Recommended standards referenced in this document can be found online as a constantly actively curated and updated list in the “ISO 20691 FAIRsharing Collection” https://committee .iso.org/standard/ 68848.html https://fairsharing.org/3533 Create views on set of standards, e.g. ISO CC BY 4.0 International
  • 13. Translational Medicine Clinical Developments https://fairsharing.org/3519 A collaboration with their FAIR Implementation WG Disclaimer: These profiles speak for a limited community and do not represent any company standards Building and comparing “FAIR profiles” CC BY 4.0 International
  • 14. Disclaimer: These profiles speak for a limited community and do not represent any company standards Clinical Developments Snapshot of the semantic and syntactic standards used CC BY 4.0 International
  • 15. ELIXIR: an intergovernmental organization that coordinates Life Science resources across Europe Databases Training Software tools Data standards Compute resources Scientific & technical experts 400 resources, openly accessible 800 experts from 245 institutions 23 Nodes and a Hub
  • 16. Share Reuse Preserve Analyse Process Plan Collect FAIR RDM know-how Support, guidance and context for RDM Focus groups around relevant topic, for example Information and guidance on (meta)data standards Detailed recipes for making data FAIR ELIXIR supports FAIR RDM practices with products and processes, some examples
  • 17. ELIXIR complementary, interlinked resources: an example https://fairsharing.org/search?recordType=identifier_schema
  • 18. ELIXIR industry engagement activities Resources and services: Selection of best practices, resource co-creation Engagement & matchmaking: Events, biohackathons, knowledge exchange Capacity building: EU and national projects for co-developement of tools and standards Visit our industry webpage: elixir-europe.org/industry Subscribe to our industry newsletter An exemplar of joint activities! Contact the ELIXIR industry and innovation officer (despoina.sousoni@elixir-europe.org)