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EXCERPT FROM THE
FAMILY CODE OF THE
PHILIPPINES
REPORTERS:
JOHN KENNETH B. MENORCA
Title IXParental Authority
 Chapter I:
 General ProvisionsART 209. Pursuant to the natural right and duty of parents over
the person and property of their unemancipated children, parental authority and
responsibility shall include the caring for and rearing of such children for civic
consciousness and efficiency and the development of their moral, mental and
physical character and well-being.ART 210. Parental authority and responsibility
may not be renounced or transferred except in thecases authorized by law.
 ART 211.
 The father and the mother shall jointly exercise parental authority over the
persons oftheir common children. In case of disagreement, the father's decision
shall prevail, unlessthere is a judicial order to the contrary.
 Children shall always observe respect and reverence toward their parents and are
obliged to obey them as long as the children are under parental authority. (17a,
PD 603)
 ART 212.
 In case of absence or death of either parent, the parent present shall
continue exercising parental authority. The remarriage of the surviving parent
shall not affect the parental authority over the children, unless the court
appoints another person to be the guardian of the person or property of the
children. (17a, PD 603)
 ART 213.
 In case of separation of the parents, parental authority shall be exercised by
the parent designated by the court. The court shall take into account all
relevant considerations, especially the choice of the child over seven years of
age, unless the parent chosen is unfit.No child under seven years of age shall
be separated from the mother, unless the court finds compellingreasons to
order otherwise.
 ART 214.
 In case of death, absence or unsuitability of parents, substitute parental
authority shall be exercised by the surviving grandparent. In case several
survive, the one designated by the court, taking into account the same
consideration mentioned in the preceding article, shallexercise the authority.
(19a, PD 603)
 ART 215.
 No descendant shall be compelled, in a criminal case, to testify against his
parents and grandparents, except when such testimony is indispensable in a
crime against the descendant or by one parent against the other. (315a)
Chapter ll: Substitute and Special
Parental Canva Authority
 ART. 216.
 In default of parents or a judicially appointed guardian, the following persons
shallexercise substitute parental authority over the child in the order
indicated: (1.) the surviving grandparent, as provided in Art. 214;(2.) the
oldest brother or sister, over twenty-one years of age, unless unfit or
disqualified.
 ART. 217.
 In case of foundlings, abandoned, neglected or abused children and other
children similarly situated, parental authority shall be entrusted in summary
judicial proceedings to heads of children's homes, orphanages, and similar
institutions duly accredited by the proper government agency.
Chapter ll: Substitute and Special
Parental Authority
 ART. 218.
 The school, its administrators and teachers, or the individual, entity or
institution engagedin children care shall have special parental authority and
responsibility over the minor childwhile under their supervision, instruction or
custody.
 ART. 219.
 Those given the authority and responsibility under the preceding Articles shall
beprincipally and solidarity liable for damage caused by the acts or omissions
of the unemancipated minor. The parents or judicial guardians of the persons
exercising substitute parental authority over said minor shall be subsidiary
liable.
Chapter lll: Effect of Parental Authority
Upon the Persons of the Children
 ART. 220.
 The parents and those exercising parental authority shall have with respect to
theirunemancipated children or wards the following rights and duties;
 (1.) To keep them in their company, to support, educate ad instruct them by
right preceptand good example, and to provide for their upbringing in keeping
with their means;
 (2.) to give them love and affection, advice and counsel, companionship and
understanding:
 (3.) to provide them with moral and spiritual guidance, inculcate in them
honesty, integrity,self-discipline, self-reliance, industry and thrift, stimulate
their interest in civic affairs, andinspire in them compliance with the duties
of citizenship;
 (4.) to enhance, protect, preserve and maintain their physical and mental health
at all times;
 (5.) to furnish them with good and wholesome educational materials, supervise
their activities, recreation and association with others, protect them from bad
company, and prevent them from acquiring habits detrimental to their health,
studies, and morals;
 (6.) to represent them in all matters affecting their interests:
 (7.) to demand from them respect and obedience;
 (8.) to impose discipline on them as may be required under the circumstances;
and
 (9.) to perform such other duties as are imposed by law upon parents and guardian
Chapter lll: Effect of Parental Authority
Upon the Persons of the Children
 ART. 221.
 Parents and other persons exercising parental authority shall be civically liable for
the injuries and damages caused by the acts and omissions of their unemancipated
children living in their company and under their parental authority subject to the
appropriate defenses provided by law.ART. 222. The courts may appoint a guardian
of the child's property, or a guardian ad litem when thebest interests of the child
so require.
 ART. 223.
 The parents or, in their absence or incapacity, the individual, entity or institution
exercising parental authority, may petition the proper court of the place where
the child resides, for an order providing for disciplinary measures over the child.
The child shall be entitled to the assistance of counsel, either of his choice or
appointed by the court, and a summary hearing shall be conductedwherein the
petitioner and the child shall be heard.
Chapter lll: Effect of Parental Authority
Upon the Persons of the Children
 ART. 224.
 The measures referred to in the preceding article may include
thecommitment of the child for not more than thirty days in accredited by
theproper government agency.The parent exercising parental authority shall
not interfere with the care of the child whenevercommitted but shall provide
for his support. Upon proper petition or its own instance, thecourt may
terminate the commitment of the child whenever just and proper.
Chapter lll: Effect of Parental Authority
Upon the Persons of the Children
Chapter IV: Effect of Parental Authority
Upon the Property of the Children
 ART. 225. The father and the mother shall jointly exercise legal guardianship
over the property of theirunemancipated common child without the necessity
of a court appointment. In case of disagreement.father's decision shall
prevail, unless there is a judicial order to the contrary.
 Where the market value, of the property or the annual income of the child
exceeds Php 50,000, theparent concerned shall be required to furnish the
bond in such amount as the court may determined,but not less than ten per
centum (10%) of the value of the property or annual income, to guarantee the
performance of the obligations prescribed for general guardians.
 ART. 226. The property of the unemancipated child earned or acquired with
his work or industry or byonerous or gratuitous title shall belong to the child
in ownership and shall be devoted exclusively tootherwise.
 ART. 227. If the parents entrust the management or administration of any of
their properties tounemancipated child, the net proceeds of such property
shall belong to the owner.
Chapter IV: Effect of Parental Authority
Upon the Property of the Children
Chapter V: Suspension or Termination of
Parental Authority
 ART. 228. Parental Authority terminates permanently:
 (1.) Upon the death of the parents;
 (2.) Upon the death of the child; or
 (3.) Upon the emancipation of the child
 ART. 229. Unless subsequently revived by a final judgment, parental authority also
terminate:
 (1.) Upon adoption of the child;
 (2.) Upon appointment of a general guardian;
 (3.) Upon judicial declaration of abandonment of the child in a case filed for the
purpose;
 (4.) Upon final judgement of a competent court divesting the party concerned of
parental authority; or
 (5.) Upon judicial declaration of absence or incapacity of the person exercising parental
authority.
 ART. 230.
 Parental authority is suspended upon conviction of the parent the person
exercising the same of a crime which carries with it the penalty civil
interdiction. Then the authority is automatically reinstated upon service of
the penalty or upon pa pardon or amnesty of the offender. (330)
 ART. 231.
 The court in an action filed for the purpose or in a related case may also
suspend parental authority if the parent or the person exercising the
same:(1.) Treats the child with excessive harshness or crucity;(2.) Gives the
child corrupting orders, counsel or c or example,(3.) Compels the child to
beg, or(4.) Subjects the child or allows him to be subjected to acts of
lasciviousness.
Chapter V: Suspension or Termination of
Parental Authority
 ART. 232.
 If the person exercising parental authority has subjected the child or allowed
him to be subjected to sexual abuse, such person shall be permanently
deprived by the court of such authority.
 ART 233.
 The person exercising substitute parental authority shall have the
sameauthority over the person of the child as the parents.In no case shall the
school administrator, teacher or individual engaged in child careand
exercising special parental authority, inflict corporal punishment upon the
child.
Chapter V: Suspension or Termination of
Parental Authority
THANK YOU
FOR LISTENING!!!😊

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EXCERPT FROM THE FAMILY CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES.pptx

  • 1. EXCERPT FROM THE FAMILY CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES REPORTERS: JOHN KENNETH B. MENORCA
  • 2. Title IXParental Authority  Chapter I:  General ProvisionsART 209. Pursuant to the natural right and duty of parents over the person and property of their unemancipated children, parental authority and responsibility shall include the caring for and rearing of such children for civic consciousness and efficiency and the development of their moral, mental and physical character and well-being.ART 210. Parental authority and responsibility may not be renounced or transferred except in thecases authorized by law.  ART 211.  The father and the mother shall jointly exercise parental authority over the persons oftheir common children. In case of disagreement, the father's decision shall prevail, unlessthere is a judicial order to the contrary.  Children shall always observe respect and reverence toward their parents and are obliged to obey them as long as the children are under parental authority. (17a, PD 603)
  • 3.  ART 212.  In case of absence or death of either parent, the parent present shall continue exercising parental authority. The remarriage of the surviving parent shall not affect the parental authority over the children, unless the court appoints another person to be the guardian of the person or property of the children. (17a, PD 603)  ART 213.  In case of separation of the parents, parental authority shall be exercised by the parent designated by the court. The court shall take into account all relevant considerations, especially the choice of the child over seven years of age, unless the parent chosen is unfit.No child under seven years of age shall be separated from the mother, unless the court finds compellingreasons to order otherwise.
  • 4.  ART 214.  In case of death, absence or unsuitability of parents, substitute parental authority shall be exercised by the surviving grandparent. In case several survive, the one designated by the court, taking into account the same consideration mentioned in the preceding article, shallexercise the authority. (19a, PD 603)  ART 215.  No descendant shall be compelled, in a criminal case, to testify against his parents and grandparents, except when such testimony is indispensable in a crime against the descendant or by one parent against the other. (315a)
  • 5. Chapter ll: Substitute and Special Parental Canva Authority  ART. 216.  In default of parents or a judicially appointed guardian, the following persons shallexercise substitute parental authority over the child in the order indicated: (1.) the surviving grandparent, as provided in Art. 214;(2.) the oldest brother or sister, over twenty-one years of age, unless unfit or disqualified.  ART. 217.  In case of foundlings, abandoned, neglected or abused children and other children similarly situated, parental authority shall be entrusted in summary judicial proceedings to heads of children's homes, orphanages, and similar institutions duly accredited by the proper government agency.
  • 6. Chapter ll: Substitute and Special Parental Authority  ART. 218.  The school, its administrators and teachers, or the individual, entity or institution engagedin children care shall have special parental authority and responsibility over the minor childwhile under their supervision, instruction or custody.  ART. 219.  Those given the authority and responsibility under the preceding Articles shall beprincipally and solidarity liable for damage caused by the acts or omissions of the unemancipated minor. The parents or judicial guardians of the persons exercising substitute parental authority over said minor shall be subsidiary liable.
  • 7. Chapter lll: Effect of Parental Authority Upon the Persons of the Children  ART. 220.  The parents and those exercising parental authority shall have with respect to theirunemancipated children or wards the following rights and duties;  (1.) To keep them in their company, to support, educate ad instruct them by right preceptand good example, and to provide for their upbringing in keeping with their means;  (2.) to give them love and affection, advice and counsel, companionship and understanding:  (3.) to provide them with moral and spiritual guidance, inculcate in them honesty, integrity,self-discipline, self-reliance, industry and thrift, stimulate their interest in civic affairs, andinspire in them compliance with the duties of citizenship;
  • 8.  (4.) to enhance, protect, preserve and maintain their physical and mental health at all times;  (5.) to furnish them with good and wholesome educational materials, supervise their activities, recreation and association with others, protect them from bad company, and prevent them from acquiring habits detrimental to their health, studies, and morals;  (6.) to represent them in all matters affecting their interests:  (7.) to demand from them respect and obedience;  (8.) to impose discipline on them as may be required under the circumstances; and  (9.) to perform such other duties as are imposed by law upon parents and guardian Chapter lll: Effect of Parental Authority Upon the Persons of the Children
  • 9.  ART. 221.  Parents and other persons exercising parental authority shall be civically liable for the injuries and damages caused by the acts and omissions of their unemancipated children living in their company and under their parental authority subject to the appropriate defenses provided by law.ART. 222. The courts may appoint a guardian of the child's property, or a guardian ad litem when thebest interests of the child so require.  ART. 223.  The parents or, in their absence or incapacity, the individual, entity or institution exercising parental authority, may petition the proper court of the place where the child resides, for an order providing for disciplinary measures over the child. The child shall be entitled to the assistance of counsel, either of his choice or appointed by the court, and a summary hearing shall be conductedwherein the petitioner and the child shall be heard. Chapter lll: Effect of Parental Authority Upon the Persons of the Children
  • 10.  ART. 224.  The measures referred to in the preceding article may include thecommitment of the child for not more than thirty days in accredited by theproper government agency.The parent exercising parental authority shall not interfere with the care of the child whenevercommitted but shall provide for his support. Upon proper petition or its own instance, thecourt may terminate the commitment of the child whenever just and proper. Chapter lll: Effect of Parental Authority Upon the Persons of the Children
  • 11. Chapter IV: Effect of Parental Authority Upon the Property of the Children  ART. 225. The father and the mother shall jointly exercise legal guardianship over the property of theirunemancipated common child without the necessity of a court appointment. In case of disagreement.father's decision shall prevail, unless there is a judicial order to the contrary.  Where the market value, of the property or the annual income of the child exceeds Php 50,000, theparent concerned shall be required to furnish the bond in such amount as the court may determined,but not less than ten per centum (10%) of the value of the property or annual income, to guarantee the performance of the obligations prescribed for general guardians.
  • 12.  ART. 226. The property of the unemancipated child earned or acquired with his work or industry or byonerous or gratuitous title shall belong to the child in ownership and shall be devoted exclusively tootherwise.  ART. 227. If the parents entrust the management or administration of any of their properties tounemancipated child, the net proceeds of such property shall belong to the owner. Chapter IV: Effect of Parental Authority Upon the Property of the Children
  • 13. Chapter V: Suspension or Termination of Parental Authority  ART. 228. Parental Authority terminates permanently:  (1.) Upon the death of the parents;  (2.) Upon the death of the child; or  (3.) Upon the emancipation of the child  ART. 229. Unless subsequently revived by a final judgment, parental authority also terminate:  (1.) Upon adoption of the child;  (2.) Upon appointment of a general guardian;  (3.) Upon judicial declaration of abandonment of the child in a case filed for the purpose;  (4.) Upon final judgement of a competent court divesting the party concerned of parental authority; or  (5.) Upon judicial declaration of absence or incapacity of the person exercising parental authority.
  • 14.  ART. 230.  Parental authority is suspended upon conviction of the parent the person exercising the same of a crime which carries with it the penalty civil interdiction. Then the authority is automatically reinstated upon service of the penalty or upon pa pardon or amnesty of the offender. (330)  ART. 231.  The court in an action filed for the purpose or in a related case may also suspend parental authority if the parent or the person exercising the same:(1.) Treats the child with excessive harshness or crucity;(2.) Gives the child corrupting orders, counsel or c or example,(3.) Compels the child to beg, or(4.) Subjects the child or allows him to be subjected to acts of lasciviousness. Chapter V: Suspension or Termination of Parental Authority
  • 15.  ART. 232.  If the person exercising parental authority has subjected the child or allowed him to be subjected to sexual abuse, such person shall be permanently deprived by the court of such authority.  ART 233.  The person exercising substitute parental authority shall have the sameauthority over the person of the child as the parents.In no case shall the school administrator, teacher or individual engaged in child careand exercising special parental authority, inflict corporal punishment upon the child. Chapter V: Suspension or Termination of Parental Authority