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Introduction to UNIX
Karl Harrison
September 2004
Environmental
Forces
Presented by:
Fazeel Ahmad,Usman,Mohsin And Huzaifa
Introduction to UNIX
Karl Harrison
September 2004
IntroDUCTION
Definition:
An identifiable element in the physical, cultural,
demographic, economic, political, regulatory, or
technological environment that affects the survival,
operations, and growth of an organization.
An Organization doesn't exist in a vacuum.
Most environmental forces may be outside of a
company's control.
Introduction to UNIX
Karl Harrison
September 2004
Environmental Forces
•Economic Forces
~ Interest rates
Higher interest rates may deter investment because it
costs more to borrow
~ Inflation rate
Inflation may provoke higher wage demands from
employees and raise costs
Introduction to UNIX
Karl Harrison
September 2004
Environmental Forces
•Economic Forces
~ Economic growth/National income growth
Higher national income growth may boost demand for a
firm's products
~ Rate of people in a pensionable age etc.
Introduction to UNIX
Karl Harrison
September 2004
Environmental Forces
•Governmental / Regulatory:
~ The Government
~ Legislative Engagements
~ Analysis
~ Regulation Concerning
~ Regulatory Measure
Introduction to UNIX
Karl Harrison
September 2004
Environmental Forces
•Demographical / Social:
~ Demographical Dimensions
~ Socio Culture
~ Demographical Factor
~ Population Demographics
Introduction to UNIX
Karl Harrison
September 2004
Environmental Forces
•Technological:
~ Market failure
~ Environmental production interact
~ Innovation
~ Infusion of new technologic
~ Strong rational and portfolio
~ Public foster emissions
~ Development and adoption of environmentally beneficial technology
Introduction to UNIX
Karl Harrison
September 2004
Environmental Forces
•Political:
~ Successful implementation policy
~ Functions
~ Adequate funding
~ Good Integration
~ Co-ordination between lead agencies
~ Functions
~ Responsibilities
Introduction to UNIX
Karl Harrison
September 2004
Environmental Forces
•Political:
~ Delegated
~ A well trained staff
~ Programs and projects
~ National environmental management
~ Commitment of resources
~ Effectively implemented
Introduction to UNIX
Karl Harrison
September 2004
Environmental Forces
•Legal:
~ Legal questions and issues effect all of these
environmental dimensions and every
stakeholder.
e.g. Firestone defective tire crisis
Introduction to UNIX
Karl Harrison
September 2004
Environmental Forces
•Conclusion:
~ The Environments are increasingly moving and Merging

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Environmental forces - Business Ethics

  • 1. Introduction to UNIX Karl Harrison September 2004 Environmental Forces Presented by: Fazeel Ahmad,Usman,Mohsin And Huzaifa
  • 2. Introduction to UNIX Karl Harrison September 2004 IntroDUCTION Definition: An identifiable element in the physical, cultural, demographic, economic, political, regulatory, or technological environment that affects the survival, operations, and growth of an organization. An Organization doesn't exist in a vacuum. Most environmental forces may be outside of a company's control.
  • 3. Introduction to UNIX Karl Harrison September 2004 Environmental Forces •Economic Forces ~ Interest rates Higher interest rates may deter investment because it costs more to borrow ~ Inflation rate Inflation may provoke higher wage demands from employees and raise costs
  • 4. Introduction to UNIX Karl Harrison September 2004 Environmental Forces •Economic Forces ~ Economic growth/National income growth Higher national income growth may boost demand for a firm's products ~ Rate of people in a pensionable age etc.
  • 5. Introduction to UNIX Karl Harrison September 2004 Environmental Forces •Governmental / Regulatory: ~ The Government ~ Legislative Engagements ~ Analysis ~ Regulation Concerning ~ Regulatory Measure
  • 6. Introduction to UNIX Karl Harrison September 2004 Environmental Forces •Demographical / Social: ~ Demographical Dimensions ~ Socio Culture ~ Demographical Factor ~ Population Demographics
  • 7. Introduction to UNIX Karl Harrison September 2004 Environmental Forces •Technological: ~ Market failure ~ Environmental production interact ~ Innovation ~ Infusion of new technologic ~ Strong rational and portfolio ~ Public foster emissions ~ Development and adoption of environmentally beneficial technology
  • 8. Introduction to UNIX Karl Harrison September 2004 Environmental Forces •Political: ~ Successful implementation policy ~ Functions ~ Adequate funding ~ Good Integration ~ Co-ordination between lead agencies ~ Functions ~ Responsibilities
  • 9. Introduction to UNIX Karl Harrison September 2004 Environmental Forces •Political: ~ Delegated ~ A well trained staff ~ Programs and projects ~ National environmental management ~ Commitment of resources ~ Effectively implemented
  • 10. Introduction to UNIX Karl Harrison September 2004 Environmental Forces •Legal: ~ Legal questions and issues effect all of these environmental dimensions and every stakeholder. e.g. Firestone defective tire crisis
  • 11. Introduction to UNIX Karl Harrison September 2004 Environmental Forces •Conclusion: ~ The Environments are increasingly moving and Merging