SlideShare a Scribd company logo
ENVIRONMENTAL
LAWS
Hello!
I AM SAMEER TURKI
“
Earth provides enough to satisfy
every man's need, but not every
man's greed.
- M.K.Gandhi
DEFINITION OF ENVIRONMENT
According to Section 2(a) of the Environmental
Protection Act, 1986, ‘Environment’ includes
a) Water, air and land
b) The inter-relationship which exists among and
between,
i) water, air, land, and
ii) human beings, other living creatures, plants,
microorganisms and property
INTRODUCTION
•The Constitution of India imposes a duty on every
citizen ‘to protect and improve the natural
environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and
wildlife’. Reference to the environment has also
been made in the Directive Principles as well as in
the Fundamental Rights.
•The Department of Environment was established in
India in 1980. This later became the Ministry of
Environment and Forests in 1985, and recently
added climate change to its name.
MAJOR INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENT
LAWS
◦The Ramsar Convention, 1971 on conservation of
wetlands.
◦The Convention on International Trade in Endangered
Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), 1973.
◦Montreal Protocol, 1987 on ozone depletion.
◦Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), 1992,
adopted at Earth Summit in Rio de Janiero, on
sustainable development.
◦U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change
(UNFCCC), 1992, also adopted at Rio, on climate
change.
◦Kyoto Protocol, 1997 on climate change.
LIST OF ENVIRONMENT LAWS IN INDIA
◦The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
◦The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Rules, 1975
◦The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977
◦The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Rules, 1978
◦The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981
◦The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Rules, 1982
◦The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
◦The Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986
◦Hazardous Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989
◦Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989
◦The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
◦The Forest (Conservation) Rules, 1981
◦The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972
◦The Wildlife (Transactions and Taxidermy) Rules, 1973
◦The Wildlife (Stock Declaration) Central Rules, 1973
◦The Wildlife (Protection) Licensing (Additional Matters for Consideration) Rules, 1983
◦The Wildlife (Protection) Rules, 1995
◦The Wildlife (Specified Plants - Conditions for Possession by Licensee) Rules, 1995
◦The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991
◦The Public Liability Insurance Rules, 1991
◦The National Environment Tribunal Act, 1995
◦The National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997
The constitutional provisions are backed by a
number of laws – acts, rules, and notifications. The
EPA (Environment Protection Act), 1986 came into
force soon after the Bhopal Gas Tragedy and is
considered an umbrella legislation as it fills many
gaps in the existing laws.
Following is a list of the environmental legislations
that have come into effect:
◦General
◦Forest and Wildlife
◦Water
◦Air
ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS
GENERAL LAWS
◦1986 - The Environment (Protection) Act authorizes the
central government to protect and improve
environmental quality, control and reduce pollution from
all sources, and prohibit or restrict the setting and /or
operation of any industrial facility on environmental
grounds.
◦1999 - The Environment (Siting for Industrial Projects)
Rules, lay down detailed provisions relating to areas to
be avoided for sitting of industries, precautionary
measures to be taken for site selecting as also the
aspects of environmental protection which should have
been incorporated during the implementation of the
industrial development projects.
GENERAL LAWS
◦2002 - The Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control)
(Amendment) Rules lay down
such terms and conditions as are necessary to reduce
noise pollution, permit use of loud speakers or public
address systems during night hours (between 10:00
p.m. to 12:00 midnight) on or during any cultural or
religious festive occasion
◦2002 - The Biological Diversity Act is an act to provide
for the conservation of biological diversity, sustainable
use of its components, and fair and equitable sharing of
the benefits arising out of the use of biological
resources and knowledge associated with it
FOREST AND WILDLIFE LAWS
◦1927 - The Indian Forest Act and Amendment, 1984, is
one of the many surviving colonial statutes. It was
enacted to ‘consolidate the law related to forest, the
transit of forest produce, and the duty leviable on
timber and other forest produce’.
◦1972 - The Wildlife Protection Act, Rules 1973 and
Amendment 1991 provides for the protection of birds
and animals and for all matters that are connected to it
whether it be their habitat or the waterhole or the
forests that sustain them.
◦1980 - The Forest (Conservation) Act and Rules, 1981,
provides for the protection of and the conservation of
the forests.
WATER LAWS
◦1974 - The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution)
Act establishes an institutional structure for preventing
and abating water pollution. It establishes standards
for water quality and effluent. Polluting industries must
seek permission to discharge waste into effluent
bodies.
The CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) was
constituted under this act.
◦1977 - The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution)
Cess Act provides for the levy and collection of cess or
fees on water consuming industries and local
authorities.
AIR LAWS
◦1981 - The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act
provides for the control and abatement of air pollution.
It entrusts the power of enforcing this act to the CPCB .
◦1982 - The Atomic Energy Act deals with the
radioactive waste.
◦1988 - The Motor Vehicles Act states that all hazardous
waste is to be properly packaged, labelled, and
transported.
REFERENCES
◦ MOEFCC, http://envfor.nic.in/
◦Environmental policy-making in India – The
process and its pressure, TERI report.
◦http://www.environmentallawsofindia.com/
◦M.C.Mehta v. Union of India
Thanks!

More Related Content

What's hot

Environmental Protection Act 1986
Environmental Protection Act 1986Environmental Protection Act 1986
Environmental Protection Act 1986
GIRISH KUMAR
 
Global Environmental Conventions
Global Environmental ConventionsGlobal Environmental Conventions
Global Environmental Conventions
Vijai Krishnan V
 
Environmental law in india
Environmental law in indiaEnvironmental law in india
Environmental law in india
Altacit Global
 
Earth summit
Earth  summitEarth  summit
Earth summit
tejaswini pingali
 
International conventions on environment
International conventions on environmentInternational conventions on environment
International conventions on environment
Nabin Lamichhane
 
Environmental Laws
Environmental LawsEnvironmental Laws
Environmental Laws
Shubham Goel
 
Environmental protection act,1986
Environmental protection act,1986Environmental protection act,1986
Environmental protection act,1986
Siva Prasath T R
 
Environment Protection Act , 1986.
Environment Protection Act , 1986.Environment Protection Act , 1986.
Environment Protection Act , 1986.
Yuvraj Tomar
 
Air Act
Air ActAir Act
Biodiversity law and policy
Biodiversity law and policyBiodiversity law and policy
Biodiversity law and policy
Rione Drevale
 
Climate Change UNFCCC
Climate Change UNFCCCClimate Change UNFCCC
Climate Change UNFCCC
Sai Bhaskar Reddy Nakka
 
Environment protection act
Environment protection actEnvironment protection act
Environment protection act
Mirza Salman Baig
 
Indian government laws on environment
Indian government laws on environmentIndian government laws on environment
Indian government laws on environment
Student
 
Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution)Act, 1981
Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution)Act, 1981Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution)Act, 1981
Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution)Act, 1981
KUSH VERMA
 
Environmental laws
Environmental lawsEnvironmental laws
Environmental laws
Adil Shaikh
 
Water (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1974
Water (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1974Water (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1974
Water (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1974
SURYAKANTVERMA2
 
Stockholm Declaration
Stockholm DeclarationStockholm Declaration
Stockholm Declaration
Abu Khairul Bashar
 
Chapter 08 The Environmental Laws
Chapter 08   The Environmental LawsChapter 08   The Environmental Laws
Chapter 08 The Environmental Laws
Robin Kapoor
 
Environmental Law and Regulations - I
Environmental Law and Regulations  - IEnvironmental Law and Regulations  - I
Environmental Law and Regulations - I
GAURAV. H .TANDON
 
the air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981
the air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981 the air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981
the air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981
SURYAKANTVERMA2
 

What's hot (20)

Environmental Protection Act 1986
Environmental Protection Act 1986Environmental Protection Act 1986
Environmental Protection Act 1986
 
Global Environmental Conventions
Global Environmental ConventionsGlobal Environmental Conventions
Global Environmental Conventions
 
Environmental law in india
Environmental law in indiaEnvironmental law in india
Environmental law in india
 
Earth summit
Earth  summitEarth  summit
Earth summit
 
International conventions on environment
International conventions on environmentInternational conventions on environment
International conventions on environment
 
Environmental Laws
Environmental LawsEnvironmental Laws
Environmental Laws
 
Environmental protection act,1986
Environmental protection act,1986Environmental protection act,1986
Environmental protection act,1986
 
Environment Protection Act , 1986.
Environment Protection Act , 1986.Environment Protection Act , 1986.
Environment Protection Act , 1986.
 
Air Act
Air ActAir Act
Air Act
 
Biodiversity law and policy
Biodiversity law and policyBiodiversity law and policy
Biodiversity law and policy
 
Climate Change UNFCCC
Climate Change UNFCCCClimate Change UNFCCC
Climate Change UNFCCC
 
Environment protection act
Environment protection actEnvironment protection act
Environment protection act
 
Indian government laws on environment
Indian government laws on environmentIndian government laws on environment
Indian government laws on environment
 
Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution)Act, 1981
Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution)Act, 1981Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution)Act, 1981
Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution)Act, 1981
 
Environmental laws
Environmental lawsEnvironmental laws
Environmental laws
 
Water (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1974
Water (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1974Water (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1974
Water (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1974
 
Stockholm Declaration
Stockholm DeclarationStockholm Declaration
Stockholm Declaration
 
Chapter 08 The Environmental Laws
Chapter 08   The Environmental LawsChapter 08   The Environmental Laws
Chapter 08 The Environmental Laws
 
Environmental Law and Regulations - I
Environmental Law and Regulations  - IEnvironmental Law and Regulations  - I
Environmental Law and Regulations - I
 
the air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981
the air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981 the air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981
the air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981
 

Similar to Environment Laws

environmental legislation-.pptx
environmental legislation-.pptxenvironmental legislation-.pptx
environmental legislation-.pptx
Prabhpreet Singh
 
Environmental legislation, Environmental Policies of Government, Environmenta...
Environmental legislation, Environmental Policies of Government, Environmenta...Environmental legislation, Environmental Policies of Government, Environmenta...
Environmental legislation, Environmental Policies of Government, Environmenta...
Kiran Sc
 
Environmental legislation, Environmental Policies of Government, Environmenta...
Environmental legislation, Environmental Policies of Government, Environmenta...Environmental legislation, Environmental Policies of Government, Environmenta...
Environmental legislation, Environmental Policies of Government, Environmenta...
Kiran Sc
 
Unit 1 (b) legal framework for env plan.pptx
Unit 1 (b) legal framework for env plan.pptxUnit 1 (b) legal framework for env plan.pptx
Unit 1 (b) legal framework for env plan.pptx
abhikde11
 
Llb i EL u 1.1 environment concept
Llb i EL u 1.1 environment conceptLlb i EL u 1.1 environment concept
Llb i EL u 1.1 environment concept
Rai University
 
Government legislation in India to protect natural habitat
Government legislation in India to protect natural habitat Government legislation in India to protect natural habitat
Government legislation in India to protect natural habitat
GoodwinSolly
 
Environment laws
Environment lawsEnvironment laws
Environment laws
Md Alam
 
Environmentallaws 120329210534-phpapp02
Environmentallaws 120329210534-phpapp02Environmentallaws 120329210534-phpapp02
Environmentallaws 120329210534-phpapp02
DIPANSHU KAMBOJ
 
Environmental laws
Environmental lawsEnvironmental laws
Environmental laws
BrahmjotKaur11
 
Ritesh Singh ppt..pptx
Ritesh Singh ppt..pptxRitesh Singh ppt..pptx
Ritesh Singh ppt..pptx
DEEPAKKUMAR706224
 
Environmental regulation in india fro training dulapally 18th august
Environmental regulation in india fro training dulapally 18th augustEnvironmental regulation in india fro training dulapally 18th august
Environmental regulation in india fro training dulapally 18th august
mcpargaien
 
environmentallaws-170226LAW045756 (1).pdf
environmentallaws-170226LAW045756 (1).pdfenvironmentallaws-170226LAW045756 (1).pdf
environmentallaws-170226LAW045756 (1).pdf
MeenakshiSharma789542
 
Environmental Laws Of India
Environmental Laws Of IndiaEnvironmental Laws Of India
Environmental Laws Of India
Deep Khandelwal
 
Water poll - important.pdf
Water poll - important.pdfWater poll - important.pdf
Water poll - important.pdf
Naga Rajan
 
Environmental laws
Environmental lawsEnvironmental laws
Environmental laws
Jacob John Panicker
 
National efforts in resource management and conservation
National efforts in resource management and conservationNational efforts in resource management and conservation
National efforts in resource management and conservation
TRIDIP BORUAH
 
EPA Acts
EPA ActsEPA Acts
EPA Acts
treyross94
 
environmental legislations in india-16slides
   environmental legislations in india-16slides   environmental legislations in india-16slides
environmental legislations in india-16slides
Prithvi Ghag
 
environmentallaws-170226045756 (1).pptx
environmentallaws-170226045756 (1).pptxenvironmentallaws-170226045756 (1).pptx
environmentallaws-170226045756 (1).pptx
PranaviShewale
 
Environmental protection laws
Environmental protection lawsEnvironmental protection laws
Environmental protection laws
Dr. Naveen Gaurav srivastava
 

Similar to Environment Laws (20)

environmental legislation-.pptx
environmental legislation-.pptxenvironmental legislation-.pptx
environmental legislation-.pptx
 
Environmental legislation, Environmental Policies of Government, Environmenta...
Environmental legislation, Environmental Policies of Government, Environmenta...Environmental legislation, Environmental Policies of Government, Environmenta...
Environmental legislation, Environmental Policies of Government, Environmenta...
 
Environmental legislation, Environmental Policies of Government, Environmenta...
Environmental legislation, Environmental Policies of Government, Environmenta...Environmental legislation, Environmental Policies of Government, Environmenta...
Environmental legislation, Environmental Policies of Government, Environmenta...
 
Unit 1 (b) legal framework for env plan.pptx
Unit 1 (b) legal framework for env plan.pptxUnit 1 (b) legal framework for env plan.pptx
Unit 1 (b) legal framework for env plan.pptx
 
Llb i EL u 1.1 environment concept
Llb i EL u 1.1 environment conceptLlb i EL u 1.1 environment concept
Llb i EL u 1.1 environment concept
 
Government legislation in India to protect natural habitat
Government legislation in India to protect natural habitat Government legislation in India to protect natural habitat
Government legislation in India to protect natural habitat
 
Environment laws
Environment lawsEnvironment laws
Environment laws
 
Environmentallaws 120329210534-phpapp02
Environmentallaws 120329210534-phpapp02Environmentallaws 120329210534-phpapp02
Environmentallaws 120329210534-phpapp02
 
Environmental laws
Environmental lawsEnvironmental laws
Environmental laws
 
Ritesh Singh ppt..pptx
Ritesh Singh ppt..pptxRitesh Singh ppt..pptx
Ritesh Singh ppt..pptx
 
Environmental regulation in india fro training dulapally 18th august
Environmental regulation in india fro training dulapally 18th augustEnvironmental regulation in india fro training dulapally 18th august
Environmental regulation in india fro training dulapally 18th august
 
environmentallaws-170226LAW045756 (1).pdf
environmentallaws-170226LAW045756 (1).pdfenvironmentallaws-170226LAW045756 (1).pdf
environmentallaws-170226LAW045756 (1).pdf
 
Environmental Laws Of India
Environmental Laws Of IndiaEnvironmental Laws Of India
Environmental Laws Of India
 
Water poll - important.pdf
Water poll - important.pdfWater poll - important.pdf
Water poll - important.pdf
 
Environmental laws
Environmental lawsEnvironmental laws
Environmental laws
 
National efforts in resource management and conservation
National efforts in resource management and conservationNational efforts in resource management and conservation
National efforts in resource management and conservation
 
EPA Acts
EPA ActsEPA Acts
EPA Acts
 
environmental legislations in india-16slides
   environmental legislations in india-16slides   environmental legislations in india-16slides
environmental legislations in india-16slides
 
environmentallaws-170226045756 (1).pptx
environmentallaws-170226045756 (1).pptxenvironmentallaws-170226045756 (1).pptx
environmentallaws-170226045756 (1).pptx
 
Environmental protection laws
Environmental protection lawsEnvironmental protection laws
Environmental protection laws
 

Recently uploaded

مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdfمصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
سمير بسيوني
 
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit InnovationLeveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
TechSoup
 
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN TẬP VÀ PHÁT TRIỂN CÂU HỎI TRONG ĐỀ MINH HỌA THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN TẬP VÀ PHÁT TRIỂN CÂU HỎI TRONG ĐỀ MINH HỌA THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN TẬP VÀ PHÁT TRIỂN CÂU HỎI TRONG ĐỀ MINH HỌA THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN TẬP VÀ PHÁT TRIỂN CÂU HỎI TRONG ĐỀ MINH HỌA THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptxCapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
CapitolTechU
 
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in useHow to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
Celine George
 
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptxBIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
RidwanHassanYusuf
 
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
nitinpv4ai
 
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two HeartsA Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
Steve Thomason
 
Présentationvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv2.pptx
Présentationvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv2.pptxPrésentationvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv2.pptx
Présentationvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv2.pptx
siemaillard
 
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health SciencesEducational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
Iris Thiele Isip-Tan
 
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
deepaannamalai16
 
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.pptLevel 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Henry Hollis
 
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdfREASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
giancarloi8888
 
CIS 4200-02 Group 1 Final Project Report (1).pdf
CIS 4200-02 Group 1 Final Project Report (1).pdfCIS 4200-02 Group 1 Final Project Report (1).pdf
CIS 4200-02 Group 1 Final Project Report (1).pdf
blueshagoo1
 
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsxData Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
Prof. Dr. K. Adisesha
 
Wound healing PPT
Wound healing PPTWound healing PPT
Wound healing PPT
Jyoti Chand
 
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptxNEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
iammrhaywood
 
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem studentsRHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
Himanshu Rai
 
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptxA Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
OH TEIK BIN
 

Recently uploaded (20)

مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdfمصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
 
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit InnovationLeveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
 
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN TẬP VÀ PHÁT TRIỂN CÂU HỎI TRONG ĐỀ MINH HỌA THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN TẬP VÀ PHÁT TRIỂN CÂU HỎI TRONG ĐỀ MINH HỌA THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN TẬP VÀ PHÁT TRIỂN CÂU HỎI TRONG ĐỀ MINH HỌA THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN TẬP VÀ PHÁT TRIỂN CÂU HỎI TRONG ĐỀ MINH HỌA THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
 
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptxCapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
 
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in useHow to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
 
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptxBIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
 
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
 
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two HeartsA Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
 
Présentationvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv2.pptx
Présentationvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv2.pptxPrésentationvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv2.pptx
Présentationvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv2.pptx
 
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health SciencesEducational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
 
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
 
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.pptLevel 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
 
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdfREASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
 
CIS 4200-02 Group 1 Final Project Report (1).pdf
CIS 4200-02 Group 1 Final Project Report (1).pdfCIS 4200-02 Group 1 Final Project Report (1).pdf
CIS 4200-02 Group 1 Final Project Report (1).pdf
 
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsxData Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
 
Wound healing PPT
Wound healing PPTWound healing PPT
Wound healing PPT
 
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptxNEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
 
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem studentsRHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
 
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
 
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptxA Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
 

Environment Laws

  • 3. “ Earth provides enough to satisfy every man's need, but not every man's greed. - M.K.Gandhi
  • 4. DEFINITION OF ENVIRONMENT According to Section 2(a) of the Environmental Protection Act, 1986, ‘Environment’ includes a) Water, air and land b) The inter-relationship which exists among and between, i) water, air, land, and ii) human beings, other living creatures, plants, microorganisms and property
  • 5. INTRODUCTION •The Constitution of India imposes a duty on every citizen ‘to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife’. Reference to the environment has also been made in the Directive Principles as well as in the Fundamental Rights. •The Department of Environment was established in India in 1980. This later became the Ministry of Environment and Forests in 1985, and recently added climate change to its name.
  • 6. MAJOR INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENT LAWS ◦The Ramsar Convention, 1971 on conservation of wetlands. ◦The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), 1973. ◦Montreal Protocol, 1987 on ozone depletion. ◦Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), 1992, adopted at Earth Summit in Rio de Janiero, on sustainable development. ◦U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), 1992, also adopted at Rio, on climate change. ◦Kyoto Protocol, 1997 on climate change.
  • 7. LIST OF ENVIRONMENT LAWS IN INDIA ◦The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 ◦The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Rules, 1975 ◦The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977 ◦The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Rules, 1978 ◦The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 ◦The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Rules, 1982 ◦The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 ◦The Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986 ◦Hazardous Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989 ◦Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989 ◦The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 ◦The Forest (Conservation) Rules, 1981 ◦The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 ◦The Wildlife (Transactions and Taxidermy) Rules, 1973 ◦The Wildlife (Stock Declaration) Central Rules, 1973 ◦The Wildlife (Protection) Licensing (Additional Matters for Consideration) Rules, 1983 ◦The Wildlife (Protection) Rules, 1995 ◦The Wildlife (Specified Plants - Conditions for Possession by Licensee) Rules, 1995 ◦The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 ◦The Public Liability Insurance Rules, 1991 ◦The National Environment Tribunal Act, 1995 ◦The National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997
  • 8. The constitutional provisions are backed by a number of laws – acts, rules, and notifications. The EPA (Environment Protection Act), 1986 came into force soon after the Bhopal Gas Tragedy and is considered an umbrella legislation as it fills many gaps in the existing laws. Following is a list of the environmental legislations that have come into effect: ◦General ◦Forest and Wildlife ◦Water ◦Air ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS
  • 9. GENERAL LAWS ◦1986 - The Environment (Protection) Act authorizes the central government to protect and improve environmental quality, control and reduce pollution from all sources, and prohibit or restrict the setting and /or operation of any industrial facility on environmental grounds. ◦1999 - The Environment (Siting for Industrial Projects) Rules, lay down detailed provisions relating to areas to be avoided for sitting of industries, precautionary measures to be taken for site selecting as also the aspects of environmental protection which should have been incorporated during the implementation of the industrial development projects.
  • 10. GENERAL LAWS ◦2002 - The Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) (Amendment) Rules lay down such terms and conditions as are necessary to reduce noise pollution, permit use of loud speakers or public address systems during night hours (between 10:00 p.m. to 12:00 midnight) on or during any cultural or religious festive occasion ◦2002 - The Biological Diversity Act is an act to provide for the conservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of its components, and fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the use of biological resources and knowledge associated with it
  • 11. FOREST AND WILDLIFE LAWS ◦1927 - The Indian Forest Act and Amendment, 1984, is one of the many surviving colonial statutes. It was enacted to ‘consolidate the law related to forest, the transit of forest produce, and the duty leviable on timber and other forest produce’. ◦1972 - The Wildlife Protection Act, Rules 1973 and Amendment 1991 provides for the protection of birds and animals and for all matters that are connected to it whether it be their habitat or the waterhole or the forests that sustain them. ◦1980 - The Forest (Conservation) Act and Rules, 1981, provides for the protection of and the conservation of the forests.
  • 12. WATER LAWS ◦1974 - The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act establishes an institutional structure for preventing and abating water pollution. It establishes standards for water quality and effluent. Polluting industries must seek permission to discharge waste into effluent bodies. The CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) was constituted under this act. ◦1977 - The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act provides for the levy and collection of cess or fees on water consuming industries and local authorities.
  • 13. AIR LAWS ◦1981 - The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act provides for the control and abatement of air pollution. It entrusts the power of enforcing this act to the CPCB . ◦1982 - The Atomic Energy Act deals with the radioactive waste. ◦1988 - The Motor Vehicles Act states that all hazardous waste is to be properly packaged, labelled, and transported.
  • 14. REFERENCES ◦ MOEFCC, http://envfor.nic.in/ ◦Environmental policy-making in India – The process and its pressure, TERI report. ◦http://www.environmentallawsofindia.com/ ◦M.C.Mehta v. Union of India