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ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
Cause, effects and control measures
of pollution(soil pollution)
NAME:- Dinesh Kumar
Reg No:-230101120050
Branch:- B.Tech(CSE)
Dr Vijay Miditana
Presented by
Persented to
CUTM
9472363195
INDEX
DIFINITION
CAUSE
EFFECTS
ROLE OF AN INDIVIDUAL IN
PREVENTION
CONTROL MEASURES
CASE STUDIES
DEFINITION
Soil pollution is defined as the
change in physical ,chemical and
biological conditions of the soil
through man's intervention
resulting in degradation in
quality.
CAUSES
NATURAL
CAUSES
MANMADE
CAUSES
CAUSES
• NATURAL CAUSES:
• Landslide, hurricanes....
• MANMADE CAUSES:
• 1). Urbanization
• 2).Industrial Wastes
• 3).Mining
• 4). Agricultural wastes
• 5).Domestic wastes and garbage
• 6). Radioactive wastes
URBANISATION:
• Contamination of soil
due to waste water.
Unfit of agricultural
land due to
construction of dams,
projects... In nearby
places.
INDUSTRIAL WASTE:
• DISCHARGE OF
LARGE
QUANTITIES OF
TOXIC,FLAMMABL
E,NON-
BIODEGRADABLE
SUBSTANCES ON
LAND RESULTS IN
SOIL POLLUTION.
• MINING:
MINING REFERS TO
PROCESS BY WHICH
NON- RENEWABLE
SUBSTANCES AND
VALUABLE MINERALS
ARE EXRACTED FROM
EARTH.IT LEADS TO
CHANGE IN
COMPOSITION OF
SOIL.
AGRICUTURAL
WASTE:
• wastes like
leaves grass...
and chemical
fertilizers like
pesticides,
insecticides for
agricultural.
• DOMESTIC WASTE:
It includes wastes such as food
wastes, paper. , Glass ,plastic
materials... Contribute to soil pollution
Nuclear power
plants, nuclear
testing, and
explosion... Add
variable amount
of radioactive
materials to soil.
RADIOACTIVE
WASTE:
CONTROL MEASURES
BIODEGRADABLE WASTES
USED FOR BIOGAS... AND
NON-BIODEGRADABLE
WASTES MAY BE
RECYCLED...
PLANTING OF TREES MUST
BE ENCOURAGED...
DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS
RADIOACTIVE WASTES INTO
SOIL SHOULD BE
PROHIBITED...
SOLID WASTE CAN ALSO BE
USED FOR ELECTRICITY
GENERATION...
USE OF CHEMICAL
FERTILIZERS AND
PESTICIDES SHOULD BE
MINIMISED...
ROLE OF AN INDIVIDUAL
Avoid using noncyclic plastic
products.
Don't through plastic on roads.
Industries should dispose the
chemical waste properly.
Enacting environmental laws and
taking legal action against
environmental offenders.
Dumping of nonbiodegradable
wastes in low lying areas.
People must be educate about
pollutions by public awareness
activities
CASE STUDIES
• LAND DEGRADATION AND
DROUGHT IN INDIA:
• It is important to protect the land
from deforestation,
fragmentation, degradation and
drought. About 69% of India's
total geographical area is under
dry lands These areas
incidentally are highly populated
which makes the people impacts
livelihoods directly. An estimated
32 percent of India's total land
area is affected by land
degradation.
• So from now try to do
• CLEAN INDIA- BE
INDIAN
Envermental studies Engineering B.tech.pptx

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Envermental studies Engineering B.tech.pptx

  • 1. ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES Cause, effects and control measures of pollution(soil pollution) NAME:- Dinesh Kumar Reg No:-230101120050 Branch:- B.Tech(CSE) Dr Vijay Miditana Presented by Persented to CUTM 9472363195
  • 2. INDEX DIFINITION CAUSE EFFECTS ROLE OF AN INDIVIDUAL IN PREVENTION CONTROL MEASURES CASE STUDIES
  • 3. DEFINITION Soil pollution is defined as the change in physical ,chemical and biological conditions of the soil through man's intervention resulting in degradation in quality.
  • 5. • NATURAL CAUSES: • Landslide, hurricanes.... • MANMADE CAUSES: • 1). Urbanization • 2).Industrial Wastes • 3).Mining • 4). Agricultural wastes • 5).Domestic wastes and garbage • 6). Radioactive wastes
  • 6. URBANISATION: • Contamination of soil due to waste water. Unfit of agricultural land due to construction of dams, projects... In nearby places.
  • 7. INDUSTRIAL WASTE: • DISCHARGE OF LARGE QUANTITIES OF TOXIC,FLAMMABL E,NON- BIODEGRADABLE SUBSTANCES ON LAND RESULTS IN SOIL POLLUTION.
  • 8. • MINING: MINING REFERS TO PROCESS BY WHICH NON- RENEWABLE SUBSTANCES AND VALUABLE MINERALS ARE EXRACTED FROM EARTH.IT LEADS TO CHANGE IN COMPOSITION OF SOIL.
  • 9. AGRICUTURAL WASTE: • wastes like leaves grass... and chemical fertilizers like pesticides, insecticides for agricultural.
  • 10. • DOMESTIC WASTE: It includes wastes such as food wastes, paper. , Glass ,plastic materials... Contribute to soil pollution
  • 11. Nuclear power plants, nuclear testing, and explosion... Add variable amount of radioactive materials to soil. RADIOACTIVE WASTE:
  • 12. CONTROL MEASURES BIODEGRADABLE WASTES USED FOR BIOGAS... AND NON-BIODEGRADABLE WASTES MAY BE RECYCLED... PLANTING OF TREES MUST BE ENCOURAGED... DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS RADIOACTIVE WASTES INTO SOIL SHOULD BE PROHIBITED... SOLID WASTE CAN ALSO BE USED FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION... USE OF CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS AND PESTICIDES SHOULD BE MINIMISED...
  • 13. ROLE OF AN INDIVIDUAL Avoid using noncyclic plastic products. Don't through plastic on roads. Industries should dispose the chemical waste properly. Enacting environmental laws and taking legal action against environmental offenders. Dumping of nonbiodegradable wastes in low lying areas. People must be educate about pollutions by public awareness activities
  • 14.
  • 15. CASE STUDIES • LAND DEGRADATION AND DROUGHT IN INDIA: • It is important to protect the land from deforestation, fragmentation, degradation and drought. About 69% of India's total geographical area is under dry lands These areas incidentally are highly populated which makes the people impacts livelihoods directly. An estimated 32 percent of India's total land area is affected by land degradation.
  • 16. • So from now try to do • CLEAN INDIA- BE INDIAN

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