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What isLiterature?
1. Writtenworkswithartisticvalue
2. Bodyof writtenworks
3. Writingon subjects.
4. Bodyof music
5. Printedinformation
6. Productionof Literaryworks
The word literature isderivedfromthe Latintermliteral whichmeansletter
Othersdefine as afaithful reproductionof man’smanifoldexperiencesblendedintoone harmonious
expression
Literature’snature
 Language
 Aesthetics
 Fictional
 True
 Expressive
 Affective
Assonance – a repetitionof vowelsoundswithinwordsorsyllables
Alliteration– the use of the same beginningconstantsoundinaline orverse
1. Oral Literature
a. Riddles(bugtong)–battle of witsamongparticipants
b. Proverbs(salawikain) –wise sayings
c. Tanaga - expressesinsightsandlessonsonlife
2. FolkSongs
It isa formof folklyricwhichexpressesthe hopesandaspirations,the people'slifestyles,aswell astheir
lovedones.These are oftenrepetitive andsonorous,didacticandnaïve.
3. FolkTales
a. Myths – explainhowthe worldwascreated,how certainanimalspossesscertaincharacteristics,why
some placeshave waterfalls,volcanoes,mountains,floraorfauna
b. Legends– explainthe originof things.“Whythe Pineapple HasEyes”“The Legendof Maria Makiling”
c. Fables– usedanimal characters
d. Fantastic stories– deal withunderworldcharacterssuchas“tiyanak”,“aswang”,“kapre”,etc.
4. Epics - These are “narrativesof sustainedlengthbasedonoral traditionrevolvingaround
supernatural eventsorheroicdeeds”.
LiteraryForms
1. ReligiousLiterature
a. Pasyon– longnarrative poemaboutthe passionand deathof Christ.
b. Senakulo –dramatizationof the pasyon.
2. Secular(non-religious) Literature
a. Awit- colorful talesof chivalrymade forsingingandchanting.Eg.IbongAdarna
b. Korido – metrical tale. Eg.Florante at Laura
c. Prose Narratives – writtentoprescribe properdecorum.
The Weddingdance waswrittenby Amador Daguio
Simple Sentenceswithsubjectandpredicate WithDirectObject:Jeremycaughtafish.
The grade-8 studentslove literature subject.
Withan Adverb:Ms. Manuel discussesthe lessonintelligently.Question:DidMr. Jimmydiscussthe
lessonyesterday?
Negative Sentence:Mr.Don doesnot talk.Some people donothave cleanwatertodrink.
Assertive Sentence:Icome.We do have accessto all the cleanwaterwe want.
WithIndirectObject:Give herthe fish.He gave the pirate a chance.
Pronounsare wordsthat replace nouns:I,me,she,we,they,who, that,yours,his,her,etc,
Verbal phrasesare verbal’sandanyof the verbform'smodifiers,objects,orcomplements.The three
typesof verbal phrasesare participial,gerund,andinfinitive phrases
A gerundis a verbal thatendsin ingand functionsasa noun
An infinitive isato + verbverbal that functionsasa noun,adjective,oradverb
Infinitive –is a verbform that usuallybeginswith to.
- It isusedas a noun,adjective,oran adverb.
Noun – oftenusedas the subjectorafter the verbas directobjector predicate nominative.
direct object– answersWhat? After verb
predicate nominative – afterlinkingverb,use=sign
Adverb – tellsaboutthe verb,answersWhy?How?Where?When?To whatextent?
Is at the front witha commaor can be put at the front witha commaif it’sat the end.
Adjective – describesnoun(directobjectorpredicate nominative),answers Whichone?
A participle isa verbal usedasan adjective anditoftenendsining(present) ed(past)

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English reviewer

  • 1. What isLiterature? 1. Writtenworkswithartisticvalue 2. Bodyof writtenworks 3. Writingon subjects. 4. Bodyof music 5. Printedinformation 6. Productionof Literaryworks The word literature isderivedfromthe Latintermliteral whichmeansletter Othersdefine as afaithful reproductionof man’smanifoldexperiencesblendedintoone harmonious expression Literature’snature  Language  Aesthetics  Fictional  True  Expressive  Affective Assonance – a repetitionof vowelsoundswithinwordsorsyllables Alliteration– the use of the same beginningconstantsoundinaline orverse 1. Oral Literature a. Riddles(bugtong)–battle of witsamongparticipants b. Proverbs(salawikain) –wise sayings c. Tanaga - expressesinsightsandlessonsonlife 2. FolkSongs It isa formof folklyricwhichexpressesthe hopesandaspirations,the people'slifestyles,aswell astheir lovedones.These are oftenrepetitive andsonorous,didacticandnaïve. 3. FolkTales a. Myths – explainhowthe worldwascreated,how certainanimalspossesscertaincharacteristics,why some placeshave waterfalls,volcanoes,mountains,floraorfauna
  • 2. b. Legends– explainthe originof things.“Whythe Pineapple HasEyes”“The Legendof Maria Makiling” c. Fables– usedanimal characters d. Fantastic stories– deal withunderworldcharacterssuchas“tiyanak”,“aswang”,“kapre”,etc. 4. Epics - These are “narrativesof sustainedlengthbasedonoral traditionrevolvingaround supernatural eventsorheroicdeeds”. LiteraryForms 1. ReligiousLiterature a. Pasyon– longnarrative poemaboutthe passionand deathof Christ. b. Senakulo –dramatizationof the pasyon. 2. Secular(non-religious) Literature a. Awit- colorful talesof chivalrymade forsingingandchanting.Eg.IbongAdarna b. Korido – metrical tale. Eg.Florante at Laura c. Prose Narratives – writtentoprescribe properdecorum. The Weddingdance waswrittenby Amador Daguio Simple Sentenceswithsubjectandpredicate WithDirectObject:Jeremycaughtafish. The grade-8 studentslove literature subject. Withan Adverb:Ms. Manuel discussesthe lessonintelligently.Question:DidMr. Jimmydiscussthe lessonyesterday? Negative Sentence:Mr.Don doesnot talk.Some people donothave cleanwatertodrink. Assertive Sentence:Icome.We do have accessto all the cleanwaterwe want. WithIndirectObject:Give herthe fish.He gave the pirate a chance. Pronounsare wordsthat replace nouns:I,me,she,we,they,who, that,yours,his,her,etc, Verbal phrasesare verbal’sandanyof the verbform'smodifiers,objects,orcomplements.The three typesof verbal phrasesare participial,gerund,andinfinitive phrases
  • 3. A gerundis a verbal thatendsin ingand functionsasa noun An infinitive isato + verbverbal that functionsasa noun,adjective,oradverb Infinitive –is a verbform that usuallybeginswith to. - It isusedas a noun,adjective,oran adverb. Noun – oftenusedas the subjectorafter the verbas directobjector predicate nominative. direct object– answersWhat? After verb predicate nominative – afterlinkingverb,use=sign Adverb – tellsaboutthe verb,answersWhy?How?Where?When?To whatextent? Is at the front witha commaor can be put at the front witha commaif it’sat the end. Adjective – describesnoun(directobjectorpredicate nominative),answers Whichone? A participle isa verbal usedasan adjective anditoftenendsining(present) ed(past)