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Discipline and Ideas in the Social Sciences
11- HUMSS
Colegio de Sta. Isabel-Laguna
“ Emergence of the
Social Sciences ”
Prepared by: Ms. Irish Verone M. Polidario, LPT
Content
 Defining Social Sciences as the
study of society.
 Introducing the disciplines within
the Social Sciences.
SOCIAL SCIENCE as
the Study of Society
• Basically, social science refers to the
systematic study of various aspects of
human society.
• It is a major category of academic
disciplines, dealing with society and the
relationships among people within a
society.
• Established in 19th century.
Natural Science
• A major branch of science
that deals with the
description , prediction and
understanding of natural
phenomena, basically based
on observational and
empirical evidence.
Two main branches of
natural science:
1. LIFE SCIENCE OR BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE
2. PHYSICAL SCIENCE
• Physics
• Astronomy
• Chemistry
• Earth Science
SOCIAL SCIENCE
vs.
NATURAL SCIENCE
THINGS IN COMMON:
• Both sciences employ the scientific model in
order to gain information.
• Both sciences use empirical and measured
data evidence that can be seen and discerned by
the senses.
• Both sciences, theories can be tested to yield
theoretical statements and general positions.
DIFFERENCES:
Humanities
• Refers to the study of the
ways in which the human
experience is processed and
documented.
• Encompasses the field of
philosophy, literature,
religion, art, music, history
and language.
SOCIAL SCIENCE
vs.
HUMANITIES
THINGS IN COMMON:
• Both the humanities and social
science are concerned with human
aspects like, law, politics, linguistics,
economics and psychology.
• Both the humanities and social
sciences are concerned with human
lives and nature.
DIFFERENCES:
EMERGENCE OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES
GUESS THE PIC
ANTHROPOLOGY
ECONOMICS
GEOGRAPHY
HISTORY
LINGUISTICS
POLITICAL
SCIENCE
PSYCHOLOGY
SOCIOLOGY
DEMOGRAPHY
DISCIPLINES OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
ANTHROPOLOGY
• Derived from the Greek words anthropos
meaning “human” and logos meaning “word”
or “study of”. Therefore, Anthropology is
“the study of man”
• Anthropologists study humans and their
societies in the past and present.
Two fields:
1. Physical Anthropology
2. Cultural Anthropology
Physical
Anthropology
• The study of the past and present
evolution of the human species and is
especially concerned with
understanding the causes of present
human diversity.
Cultural
Anthropology
• The branch of anthropology concerned
with the study of human societies and
cultures and their development.
ECONOMICS
• Aims to study how to manage the
limited resources to satisfy the
unlimited wants of individuals. It
is also seen as the production,
consumption, and transfer of
goods.
• It is how people interact with the
market to attain or accomplish
their certain goals.
Two major fields:
1. Microeconomics 2. Macroeconomics
Microeconomics
• The part of economics concerned
with single factors and the effects
of individual decisions.
Macroeconomics
• The part of economics concerned
with large-scale or general
economic factors, such as interest
rates and national productivity.
GEOGRAPHY
• Deals with studying
the lands and
features of the earth.
Fields of Geography:
1. Systematic Geography
1.1 Physical Geography
1.2 Cultural/Human
Geography
2. Regional Geography
Physical Geography
• The branch of geography dealing
with natural features and
processes.
Cultural/Human Geography
• The study of the many cultural
aspects found throughout the world
and how they relate to the spaces and
places where they originate and then
travel as people continually move
across various areas.
Regional Geography
• Branch of geography that studies
the world's regions.
HISTORY
• Derived from the word
"historia" meaning "to inquire
or research".
• History mainly focuses on the
evolution of mankind and the
events that has taken place within
that evolution.
• The study of the past and its
records about events.
"History is the bridge that
connects the past with the
present and future."
Linguistics
• The scientific study
of languages and
focuses on the three
aspect of language:
language form,
language meaning,
and language in
context.
POLITICAL SCIENCE
• A social science which deals
with the system of governance
and the analysis of political
activities, political thoughts and
political behavior. It deals
extensively with the theory and
practice of politics which is
commonly thought of as
determining of the distribution
of power and resources.
PSYCHOLOGY
• The scientific study of
the mind and behavior.
School of
Psychology:
•Structuralism
•Functionalism
•Psychodynamic
•Behaviorism
•Cognitive
•Socio-cultural
Major Area of Psychology:
• Biopsychology
• Experimental
• Developmental and
personality psychology
• Health, clinical and
counseling psychology
• Socio-industrial-
organizational consumer
• Cross cultural psychology
DEMOGRAPHY
• The study of human population
and dynamics which include
components such as population
size (actual head count of
people in a given place of
location), population
composition (age, sex, religion),
population growth, population
distribution.
-Ms. Ivy Polidario

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EMERGENCE OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES

  • 1. Discipline and Ideas in the Social Sciences 11- HUMSS Colegio de Sta. Isabel-Laguna “ Emergence of the Social Sciences ” Prepared by: Ms. Irish Verone M. Polidario, LPT
  • 2. Content  Defining Social Sciences as the study of society.  Introducing the disciplines within the Social Sciences.
  • 3. SOCIAL SCIENCE as the Study of Society
  • 4. • Basically, social science refers to the systematic study of various aspects of human society. • It is a major category of academic disciplines, dealing with society and the relationships among people within a society. • Established in 19th century.
  • 5. Natural Science • A major branch of science that deals with the description , prediction and understanding of natural phenomena, basically based on observational and empirical evidence.
  • 6. Two main branches of natural science: 1. LIFE SCIENCE OR BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE 2. PHYSICAL SCIENCE • Physics • Astronomy • Chemistry • Earth Science
  • 8. THINGS IN COMMON: • Both sciences employ the scientific model in order to gain information. • Both sciences use empirical and measured data evidence that can be seen and discerned by the senses. • Both sciences, theories can be tested to yield theoretical statements and general positions.
  • 10. Humanities • Refers to the study of the ways in which the human experience is processed and documented. • Encompasses the field of philosophy, literature, religion, art, music, history and language.
  • 12. THINGS IN COMMON: • Both the humanities and social science are concerned with human aspects like, law, politics, linguistics, economics and psychology. • Both the humanities and social sciences are concerned with human lives and nature.
  • 26. ANTHROPOLOGY • Derived from the Greek words anthropos meaning “human” and logos meaning “word” or “study of”. Therefore, Anthropology is “the study of man” • Anthropologists study humans and their societies in the past and present. Two fields: 1. Physical Anthropology 2. Cultural Anthropology
  • 27. Physical Anthropology • The study of the past and present evolution of the human species and is especially concerned with understanding the causes of present human diversity.
  • 28. Cultural Anthropology • The branch of anthropology concerned with the study of human societies and cultures and their development.
  • 29. ECONOMICS • Aims to study how to manage the limited resources to satisfy the unlimited wants of individuals. It is also seen as the production, consumption, and transfer of goods. • It is how people interact with the market to attain or accomplish their certain goals. Two major fields: 1. Microeconomics 2. Macroeconomics
  • 30. Microeconomics • The part of economics concerned with single factors and the effects of individual decisions.
  • 31. Macroeconomics • The part of economics concerned with large-scale or general economic factors, such as interest rates and national productivity.
  • 32. GEOGRAPHY • Deals with studying the lands and features of the earth. Fields of Geography: 1. Systematic Geography 1.1 Physical Geography 1.2 Cultural/Human Geography 2. Regional Geography
  • 33. Physical Geography • The branch of geography dealing with natural features and processes.
  • 34. Cultural/Human Geography • The study of the many cultural aspects found throughout the world and how they relate to the spaces and places where they originate and then travel as people continually move across various areas.
  • 35. Regional Geography • Branch of geography that studies the world's regions.
  • 36. HISTORY • Derived from the word "historia" meaning "to inquire or research". • History mainly focuses on the evolution of mankind and the events that has taken place within that evolution. • The study of the past and its records about events.
  • 37. "History is the bridge that connects the past with the present and future."
  • 38. Linguistics • The scientific study of languages and focuses on the three aspect of language: language form, language meaning, and language in context.
  • 39. POLITICAL SCIENCE • A social science which deals with the system of governance and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts and political behavior. It deals extensively with the theory and practice of politics which is commonly thought of as determining of the distribution of power and resources.
  • 40. PSYCHOLOGY • The scientific study of the mind and behavior. School of Psychology: •Structuralism •Functionalism •Psychodynamic •Behaviorism •Cognitive •Socio-cultural Major Area of Psychology: • Biopsychology • Experimental • Developmental and personality psychology • Health, clinical and counseling psychology • Socio-industrial- organizational consumer • Cross cultural psychology
  • 41. DEMOGRAPHY • The study of human population and dynamics which include components such as population size (actual head count of people in a given place of location), population composition (age, sex, religion), population growth, population distribution.