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PRESENTATION
EDUCATIONAL GUIDANCE & COUNSELING
MUHAMMED FARHAN ASLAM
15034198-048
MEANINGS
Guidance
• The act or process of guiding
• To direct
• To point out
• To show the path
Mostly in counseling we recommend a therapy
like psychotherapy and cognitive but May be you
have no idea counseling is also a therapy.
DEFINATIONS
Guidance
Guidance involves personal help given by
someone; it is designed to assist the individual to
decide where he wants to go, what he wants to
do and how best he can accomplish his purpose”.
Jones
Counseling
Professional guidance of the individual by
utilizing psychological methods especially in
collecting case history data, using various
techniques of the personal interview, and testing
interests and aptitude
Merrium
Webster
DEFINATIONS
Guidance
“Guidance is a process of enabling each
individual to understand his abilities and interest
to develop them as well as possible and to relate
them to life goals and finally to reach a state of
complete and matured self-guidance as a
desirable human element of the social order.”
Traxler
Counseling
Support process in which a counselor holds face
to face talks with another person to help him or
her solve a personal problem, or help improve
that person's attitude, behavior, or character.
TYPES OF GUIDANCE
There are three types of Guidance
1) Individual Guidance
2) Group Guidance
3) Family Guidance
First Two Types we have Already Studied so I’m explaining third one which is the most important
FAMILY COUNSELING
• Relationship counseling is the process of counseling the parties of a human relationship in an effort to
recognize, and to better manage or reconcile, troublesome differences and repeating patterns of stress
upon the relationship. The relationship involved may be between members of a family or a couple (see
also family therapy), employees or employers in a workplace, or between a professional and a client.
• Couple's therapy (or relationship therapy) is a subset of relationship counseling. It may differ from
other forms of relationship counseling in various regards including its duration. Short term counseling
may be between 1 and 3 sessions whereas long term couples therapy may be between 12 and 24
sessions. An exception is brief or solution focused couples therapy. In addition, counseling tends to be
more 'here and now' and new coping strategies the outcome. Couples therapy is more about seemingly
intractable problems with a relationship history, where emotions are the target and the agent of
change.
Marriage counseling or marital therapy can refer to either or some combination of the above.
• The methods may differ in other ways as well, but the differences may indicate more about the
counselor/therapist's way of working than the title given to their process.
HISTORY OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING
• Continuum and any kind of division imposed on it is more or less arbitrary
• Originated from America at the beginning of the 20th Century because of the society’s emphasis on
individual development
Seen from several historical events
 Vocational Guidance Movement
 Standardized Testing Movement
 Mental Health Movement
 Pro-counselling Legislative Acts.
EDUCATIONAL GUIDANCE & COUNSELING
Student
• Educational guidance is a process of assisting
the individual student to reach optimum
educational development. It is a sort of
guidance that is only rendered to the student
community.
Teacher
Given to teacher
Don’t make any personal issue with students
Teach them well
Student & Teacher
In Critical issue or condition it is given to
students to resolve their issues
DEFINITIONS OF EDUCATIONAL GUIDANCE
• Research suggests that high-quality counseling services can have long-term effects on a
child’s well-being and can prevent a student from turning to violence and drug or alcohol
abuse. High-quality school counseling services can improve a student’s academic
achievement. Studies on the effects of school counseling have shown positive effects on
student’s grades, reducing classroom disruptions, and enhancing teachers’ abilities to
manage classroom behavior effectively. High-quality school counseling services also can
help to address students’ mental health needs.”
(U.S. Department of Education, 2002)
DEFINITIONS OF EDUCATIONAL GUIDANCE
 In the words of Brewer, “Educational guidance is a Conscious effort to assist in the intellectual
growth of an individual.”
 Arthur A. Jones defined Educational Guidance “as the assistance given to pupils in their choices
and adjustment with relation to schools, curriculum, courses and school life.”
 Ruth Strang regards Educational Guidance “as something intended to aid the individual in
choosing an appropriate program and in making progress in it.”
 According to Myers, “Educational Guidance is a process concerned with bringing about between a
pupil with his distinctive characteristics on the one hand, and different opportunities and
requirements on the other, a favorable setting for the pupil’s development or education.”
 For Dunsmoor and Miller, Educational Guidance is primarily concerned with the student’s
success in his educational career. It relates to the student’s adjustment to school and to the
preparation and carrying out of suitable educational plans in keeping with his educational needs,
abilities and career interests.”
NEED OF EDUCATIONAL GUIDANCE &
COUNSELING
• Individual Differences
• Need of Checking the Wastage and Stagnation in Education
• The Need of Making Right Educational Choices
• The Need of Proper Educational Adjustment
• Decision of Further Education
• Making the Grade
• Education of Exceptional Children.
HOW TO IMPART
EDUCATIONAL GUIDANCE TO
PUPILS
• Collecting Information or Data
• Rendering Guidance
• Follow up Program
COMPREHENSIVE COUNSELING
 School counseling curriculum
promote the healthy development and growth of all students
provides developmental , sequential lessons and activities in classroom and/or group settings
 Individual student planning
consists of activities
analyze
COMPREHENSIVE COUNSELING
• Responsive services
Address student problems that prevent student success in academic, career and personal/social
development
• Collaboration within and outside the school community
services to students though follow-up studies
consulting with teachers, school administrators and parents regarding student needs
advocacy efforts within the school and community agencies.
Program Components Elementary Middle High School
Curriculum 35-45% 25-35% 15-25%
Individual student planning 10-30% 15-25% 25-35%
Responsive services 30-40% 30-40% 25-35%
Collaboration outreach 10-15% 10-15% 15-20%
Thank you For Listening
Carefully
Muhammed Farhan Aslam
ASK QUESTION
 If you have any question
related to topic you can raise
your hand
 Please don’t Create
“Bakra Mandi “

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Education Guidance and Counseling

  • 1.
  • 2. PRESENTATION EDUCATIONAL GUIDANCE & COUNSELING MUHAMMED FARHAN ASLAM 15034198-048
  • 3. MEANINGS Guidance • The act or process of guiding • To direct • To point out • To show the path Mostly in counseling we recommend a therapy like psychotherapy and cognitive but May be you have no idea counseling is also a therapy.
  • 4. DEFINATIONS Guidance Guidance involves personal help given by someone; it is designed to assist the individual to decide where he wants to go, what he wants to do and how best he can accomplish his purpose”. Jones Counseling Professional guidance of the individual by utilizing psychological methods especially in collecting case history data, using various techniques of the personal interview, and testing interests and aptitude Merrium Webster
  • 5. DEFINATIONS Guidance “Guidance is a process of enabling each individual to understand his abilities and interest to develop them as well as possible and to relate them to life goals and finally to reach a state of complete and matured self-guidance as a desirable human element of the social order.” Traxler Counseling Support process in which a counselor holds face to face talks with another person to help him or her solve a personal problem, or help improve that person's attitude, behavior, or character.
  • 6. TYPES OF GUIDANCE There are three types of Guidance 1) Individual Guidance 2) Group Guidance 3) Family Guidance First Two Types we have Already Studied so I’m explaining third one which is the most important
  • 7. FAMILY COUNSELING • Relationship counseling is the process of counseling the parties of a human relationship in an effort to recognize, and to better manage or reconcile, troublesome differences and repeating patterns of stress upon the relationship. The relationship involved may be between members of a family or a couple (see also family therapy), employees or employers in a workplace, or between a professional and a client. • Couple's therapy (or relationship therapy) is a subset of relationship counseling. It may differ from other forms of relationship counseling in various regards including its duration. Short term counseling may be between 1 and 3 sessions whereas long term couples therapy may be between 12 and 24 sessions. An exception is brief or solution focused couples therapy. In addition, counseling tends to be more 'here and now' and new coping strategies the outcome. Couples therapy is more about seemingly intractable problems with a relationship history, where emotions are the target and the agent of change. Marriage counseling or marital therapy can refer to either or some combination of the above. • The methods may differ in other ways as well, but the differences may indicate more about the counselor/therapist's way of working than the title given to their process.
  • 8. HISTORY OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING • Continuum and any kind of division imposed on it is more or less arbitrary • Originated from America at the beginning of the 20th Century because of the society’s emphasis on individual development Seen from several historical events  Vocational Guidance Movement  Standardized Testing Movement  Mental Health Movement  Pro-counselling Legislative Acts.
  • 9. EDUCATIONAL GUIDANCE & COUNSELING Student • Educational guidance is a process of assisting the individual student to reach optimum educational development. It is a sort of guidance that is only rendered to the student community. Teacher Given to teacher Don’t make any personal issue with students Teach them well Student & Teacher In Critical issue or condition it is given to students to resolve their issues
  • 10. DEFINITIONS OF EDUCATIONAL GUIDANCE • Research suggests that high-quality counseling services can have long-term effects on a child’s well-being and can prevent a student from turning to violence and drug or alcohol abuse. High-quality school counseling services can improve a student’s academic achievement. Studies on the effects of school counseling have shown positive effects on student’s grades, reducing classroom disruptions, and enhancing teachers’ abilities to manage classroom behavior effectively. High-quality school counseling services also can help to address students’ mental health needs.” (U.S. Department of Education, 2002)
  • 11. DEFINITIONS OF EDUCATIONAL GUIDANCE  In the words of Brewer, “Educational guidance is a Conscious effort to assist in the intellectual growth of an individual.”  Arthur A. Jones defined Educational Guidance “as the assistance given to pupils in their choices and adjustment with relation to schools, curriculum, courses and school life.”  Ruth Strang regards Educational Guidance “as something intended to aid the individual in choosing an appropriate program and in making progress in it.”  According to Myers, “Educational Guidance is a process concerned with bringing about between a pupil with his distinctive characteristics on the one hand, and different opportunities and requirements on the other, a favorable setting for the pupil’s development or education.”  For Dunsmoor and Miller, Educational Guidance is primarily concerned with the student’s success in his educational career. It relates to the student’s adjustment to school and to the preparation and carrying out of suitable educational plans in keeping with his educational needs, abilities and career interests.”
  • 12. NEED OF EDUCATIONAL GUIDANCE & COUNSELING • Individual Differences • Need of Checking the Wastage and Stagnation in Education • The Need of Making Right Educational Choices • The Need of Proper Educational Adjustment • Decision of Further Education • Making the Grade • Education of Exceptional Children.
  • 13. HOW TO IMPART EDUCATIONAL GUIDANCE TO PUPILS • Collecting Information or Data • Rendering Guidance • Follow up Program
  • 14. COMPREHENSIVE COUNSELING  School counseling curriculum promote the healthy development and growth of all students provides developmental , sequential lessons and activities in classroom and/or group settings  Individual student planning consists of activities analyze
  • 15. COMPREHENSIVE COUNSELING • Responsive services Address student problems that prevent student success in academic, career and personal/social development • Collaboration within and outside the school community services to students though follow-up studies consulting with teachers, school administrators and parents regarding student needs advocacy efforts within the school and community agencies.
  • 16. Program Components Elementary Middle High School Curriculum 35-45% 25-35% 15-25% Individual student planning 10-30% 15-25% 25-35% Responsive services 30-40% 30-40% 25-35% Collaboration outreach 10-15% 10-15% 15-20%
  • 17. Thank you For Listening Carefully Muhammed Farhan Aslam
  • 18. ASK QUESTION  If you have any question related to topic you can raise your hand  Please don’t Create “Bakra Mandi “