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Early Modern Spain
The Catholic Monarchs
The Christian
Kingdoms were fighting
against the muslims.
They wanted to control
the Iberian Peninsula.
The Catholic Monarchs
In 1469 Isabel of Castilla and Fernando of Aragón married.
The Catholic Monarchs
Isabel became Queen of Castilla in 1474.
How?
Isabel was Enrique’s IV sister.(Enrique was the
King of Castilla)
Enrique named Isabel as his heir but when
Enrique died in 1474, her daughter Juana
thought she should be the queen.
What happened next? War
Who won? Isabel
I WIN
The Catholic Monarchs
The Catholic Monarchs
After Isabel becoming the Queen of
Castilla, both monarchs increased their
power.
Fernando became king of Aragón in
1479.
They conquered Granada in 1492
(that’s was the end of LA
RECONQUISTA).
They took control of the Canary Islands
in 1496.
Fernando conquered the Kingdom of
Navarra in 1512.
That was the beginning of Spain as we
know it.
The Catholic Monarchs
What else?
They gave money to Christopher
Columbus to find new routes but
he discovered America by chance
in 1492.
The Catholic Monarchs
Important:
Isabel and Fernando were known as the Catholic Monarchs
They united the Kingdoms of Granada, Castilla, Aragón and Navarra. That’s the
origin of Spain.
They conquered Granada and ended La Reconquista in 1492
Thanks to them, Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492
The age of Discovery
During the Modern Age, many european explorers made voyages to distant
places.
Cristóbal Colón made one of these voyages. He wanted to find a new
route to Asia but He discovered a new territory, America. (1492)
Fernando de Magallanes and Juan Sebastián Elcano Sailed all around the
world.
Fernando de Magallanes commanded the expedition but he died. After that,
Elcano took over the expedition and arrived to Spain, being the first person to
sail around the World.
The age of Discovery
The first conquistadors
Hernán Cortés was a conquistador who went to Mexico in 1519. He travelled
to the Aztec capital. The Aztec king, Montezuma, gave him gifts. But Cortés
captured the king and conquered the Aztecs. He founded Mexico City and
became the governor of New Spain.
Francisco Pizarro was another conquistador. In 1532 he went to Peru.
Pizarro and his men took the Inca emperor, Atahualpa, captive. Pizarro
conquered the Incas and became the governor of New Castilla.
The age of Discovery
The age of Discovery
Sailors Conquistadors
Francisco
Pizarro
Conquered Inca
empire
(Perú)
Hernán Cortés
Conquered the
Aztec kingdom
(México)
Magallanes &
Elcano
Sail around the
world
Colón
Discovered
America in 1492

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Early Modern Spain. All about this period

  • 2. The Catholic Monarchs The Christian Kingdoms were fighting against the muslims. They wanted to control the Iberian Peninsula.
  • 3. The Catholic Monarchs In 1469 Isabel of Castilla and Fernando of Aragón married.
  • 4. The Catholic Monarchs Isabel became Queen of Castilla in 1474. How? Isabel was Enrique’s IV sister.(Enrique was the King of Castilla) Enrique named Isabel as his heir but when Enrique died in 1474, her daughter Juana thought she should be the queen. What happened next? War Who won? Isabel I WIN
  • 6. The Catholic Monarchs After Isabel becoming the Queen of Castilla, both monarchs increased their power. Fernando became king of Aragón in 1479. They conquered Granada in 1492 (that’s was the end of LA RECONQUISTA). They took control of the Canary Islands in 1496. Fernando conquered the Kingdom of Navarra in 1512. That was the beginning of Spain as we know it.
  • 7. The Catholic Monarchs What else? They gave money to Christopher Columbus to find new routes but he discovered America by chance in 1492.
  • 8. The Catholic Monarchs Important: Isabel and Fernando were known as the Catholic Monarchs They united the Kingdoms of Granada, Castilla, Aragón and Navarra. That’s the origin of Spain. They conquered Granada and ended La Reconquista in 1492 Thanks to them, Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492
  • 9. The age of Discovery During the Modern Age, many european explorers made voyages to distant places. Cristóbal Colón made one of these voyages. He wanted to find a new route to Asia but He discovered a new territory, America. (1492) Fernando de Magallanes and Juan Sebastián Elcano Sailed all around the world. Fernando de Magallanes commanded the expedition but he died. After that, Elcano took over the expedition and arrived to Spain, being the first person to sail around the World.
  • 10. The age of Discovery The first conquistadors Hernán Cortés was a conquistador who went to Mexico in 1519. He travelled to the Aztec capital. The Aztec king, Montezuma, gave him gifts. But Cortés captured the king and conquered the Aztecs. He founded Mexico City and became the governor of New Spain. Francisco Pizarro was another conquistador. In 1532 he went to Peru. Pizarro and his men took the Inca emperor, Atahualpa, captive. Pizarro conquered the Incas and became the governor of New Castilla.
  • 11. The age of Discovery
  • 12. The age of Discovery Sailors Conquistadors Francisco Pizarro Conquered Inca empire (Perú) Hernán Cortés Conquered the Aztec kingdom (México) Magallanes & Elcano Sail around the world Colón Discovered America in 1492