SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Copyright, Creative 
Commons, Public 
Domain, and Open 
Educational Resources 
eSchool4s – Conference, Esslingen (26-28 Oct. 14) 
Reinhard Wieser 
Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol
Two things before I start => 
1. scientix.eu 
Natural sciences materials: free translation! 
Whether or not a teaching resource is available for 
translation depends on the copyright conditions! 
Must be CC! 
http://www.scientix.eu/web/guest/request-translation
2. Sustainability & „e“ learning objects 
Sustainability of platforms: technological aspect 
 Isolated learning environment (Moodle) versus idea of sharing our 
materials via various (social) media channels 
Sustainability of e-learning materials: legal aspect 
 Copyright matters! => CC and OER! 
Sustainability of digital materials: pedagogical aspect 
 Usability 
 See Benjamin Bloom‘s taxonomy of cognitive learning goals! 
Only “Bloom low” or also “Bloom high”? 
 Standards & competencies 
Source: Attwell, Graham (2004): http://goo.gl/n8OFgp
Tim Berners Lee 
„Father“ of the WWW, wrote the „Hypertext Transfer Protocol 
(HTTP)“, a code that enables the communication of servers 
and client computers 
Very democratic approach: first focused mainly on sharing 
and cooperating (knowledge management) 
„Intellectual property is an important legal and cultural issue. 
Society as a whole has complex issues to face here: private 
ownership vs. open source, and so on.“ 
90s: Internet mainly for specialists! 
Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
And then... 
Google appeared in 99 
Connections grew faster, broadband connected most 
households 
Early 2000s: industry discovered the WWW => digital 
opportunities have exploded! 
Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
Everyday we 
use and share 
• Text 
• Pictures 
• Music 
• Movies 
Are you ready??? by ssh available at 
http://www.flickr.com/photos/ssh/12638218/ 
under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 licence
Materials from the WWW are 
either 
• copyrighted 
• or protected by a 
„Creative Commons“ license 
• or in the „Public Domain“!
Copyright? 
Copyright ensures that the people who create “Intellectual 
Property” can own, control and be paid for their efforts. 
If something is created it is automatically protected by 
copyright! In the European Union, rights of authors are 
protected during their lifetime and for 70 years after. 
What is protected? 
 Texts like mails, blog articles; literary works incl. software 
 Sound recordings and music 
 Drawings, graphics, photos 
 Videos etc. 
Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
And today? 
Life has become more complicated for teachers when they 
actively want to work with digital media! 
In Austria several teachers and schools have been sued for 
copyright infringement. 
Copyright infringement: lawyers have discovered this as 
new source of income! 
(cf. Marions Kochbuch!) 
Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
How can we get out of this 
misery? 
Creative Commons 
Public Domain 
Open educational resources 
Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
Creative Commons 
provides resources that 
you and your students 
can legally copy, modify 
and reuse my CC stickers have arrived!!! by laihiu available at 
http://www.flickr.com/photos/laihiu/290630500/ 
under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 licence
It also provides a 
tool for managing 
your own 
copyright! 
Tooled Flatty by flattop341 available at http://www.flickr.com/photos/flattop341/1085739925/ 
under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 licence CRICOS No. 00213J
What is Creative Commons? 
Nonprofit (American) organization that enables the sharing 
and use of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools. 
(since 2001) 
Offers free, easy-to-use copyright licenses 
Licenses give the public permission to share and use your 
creative work — on conditions of your choice. 
We can choose from copyright terms like "All Rights Reserved" 
to only "Some Rights Reserved." 
Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
Licence Elements 
Attribution – credit the author 
Non-commercial – no commercial use 
No Derivative Works – no remixing 
Share alike – remix only if you let others remix 
For more info see: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/?lang=en
For more detailed information: 
www.youtube.com/watch?v=8YkbeycRa2A
Creative Commons Resources 
General Purpose 
 Creative Commons Search 
Images 
 Google 
 Flickr CC 
Audio 
 Jamendo.com 
 CC Mixter 
 Free Sounds 
 Shambles List 
Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
What is the Public Domain? 
A work of authorship is in the “public domain” if it is no longer 
under copyright protection. 
Works may be used without the permission of the former 
copyright owner. 
Rules for when items pass into the public domain vary 
considerably! 
Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
Public Domain Resources 
Bartleby.com Public domain texts online 
Books on the Internet. E-texts from UT Austin 
Great Books. Ancient classics to 20th century masterpieces. 
Images Listing of public domain images 
Internet Public Library Library for the Internet community 
Moving Image Archive Movies, films, and videos 
Online Books Listing over 30,000 free books on the Web 
Project Gutenberg More than 25,000 free e-books 
Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
https://www.youtube.com/watch? 
list=PL741678F352148469&v=gJWbVt2Nc-I
Open educational resources (OER) 
Philosophy: education is fundamentally about sharing! 
Freely accessible, openly licensed documents and media 
that are useful for teaching, learning, and assessing as well 
as for research purposes. 
More info 
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_educational_resources 
 http://www.edutopia.org/article/open-educational-resources-oer- 
resource-roundup 
 https://www.oercommons.org 
Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
Sources 
Photos: Wikipedia, Wikimedia, Flickr (public 
domain, CC) 
EU copyright: Wikipedia (http://goo.gl/saqguB) 
Parts of this presentation taken from 
http://de.slideshare.net/Jessicacoates/creative-commons- 
in-the-classroom-presentation 
(published under CC) 
Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)

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eSchool4s: presentation on copyright, creative commons, public domain, open educational resources

  • 1. Copyright, Creative Commons, Public Domain, and Open Educational Resources eSchool4s – Conference, Esslingen (26-28 Oct. 14) Reinhard Wieser Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol
  • 2. Two things before I start => 1. scientix.eu Natural sciences materials: free translation! Whether or not a teaching resource is available for translation depends on the copyright conditions! Must be CC! http://www.scientix.eu/web/guest/request-translation
  • 3. 2. Sustainability & „e“ learning objects Sustainability of platforms: technological aspect  Isolated learning environment (Moodle) versus idea of sharing our materials via various (social) media channels Sustainability of e-learning materials: legal aspect  Copyright matters! => CC and OER! Sustainability of digital materials: pedagogical aspect  Usability  See Benjamin Bloom‘s taxonomy of cognitive learning goals! Only “Bloom low” or also “Bloom high”?  Standards & competencies Source: Attwell, Graham (2004): http://goo.gl/n8OFgp
  • 4. Tim Berners Lee „Father“ of the WWW, wrote the „Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)“, a code that enables the communication of servers and client computers Very democratic approach: first focused mainly on sharing and cooperating (knowledge management) „Intellectual property is an important legal and cultural issue. Society as a whole has complex issues to face here: private ownership vs. open source, and so on.“ 90s: Internet mainly for specialists! Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
  • 5. And then... Google appeared in 99 Connections grew faster, broadband connected most households Early 2000s: industry discovered the WWW => digital opportunities have exploded! Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
  • 6. Everyday we use and share • Text • Pictures • Music • Movies Are you ready??? by ssh available at http://www.flickr.com/photos/ssh/12638218/ under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 licence
  • 7.
  • 8. Materials from the WWW are either • copyrighted • or protected by a „Creative Commons“ license • or in the „Public Domain“!
  • 9. Copyright? Copyright ensures that the people who create “Intellectual Property” can own, control and be paid for their efforts. If something is created it is automatically protected by copyright! In the European Union, rights of authors are protected during their lifetime and for 70 years after. What is protected?  Texts like mails, blog articles; literary works incl. software  Sound recordings and music  Drawings, graphics, photos  Videos etc. Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
  • 10.
  • 11. And today? Life has become more complicated for teachers when they actively want to work with digital media! In Austria several teachers and schools have been sued for copyright infringement. Copyright infringement: lawyers have discovered this as new source of income! (cf. Marions Kochbuch!) Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
  • 12. How can we get out of this misery? Creative Commons Public Domain Open educational resources Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
  • 13.
  • 14. Creative Commons provides resources that you and your students can legally copy, modify and reuse my CC stickers have arrived!!! by laihiu available at http://www.flickr.com/photos/laihiu/290630500/ under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 licence
  • 15. It also provides a tool for managing your own copyright! Tooled Flatty by flattop341 available at http://www.flickr.com/photos/flattop341/1085739925/ under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 licence CRICOS No. 00213J
  • 16. What is Creative Commons? Nonprofit (American) organization that enables the sharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools. (since 2001) Offers free, easy-to-use copyright licenses Licenses give the public permission to share and use your creative work — on conditions of your choice. We can choose from copyright terms like "All Rights Reserved" to only "Some Rights Reserved." Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
  • 17. Licence Elements Attribution – credit the author Non-commercial – no commercial use No Derivative Works – no remixing Share alike – remix only if you let others remix For more info see: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/?lang=en
  • 18. For more detailed information: www.youtube.com/watch?v=8YkbeycRa2A
  • 19. Creative Commons Resources General Purpose  Creative Commons Search Images  Google  Flickr CC Audio  Jamendo.com  CC Mixter  Free Sounds  Shambles List Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
  • 20. What is the Public Domain? A work of authorship is in the “public domain” if it is no longer under copyright protection. Works may be used without the permission of the former copyright owner. Rules for when items pass into the public domain vary considerably! Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
  • 21. Public Domain Resources Bartleby.com Public domain texts online Books on the Internet. E-texts from UT Austin Great Books. Ancient classics to 20th century masterpieces. Images Listing of public domain images Internet Public Library Library for the Internet community Moving Image Archive Movies, films, and videos Online Books Listing over 30,000 free books on the Web Project Gutenberg More than 25,000 free e-books Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
  • 23. Open educational resources (OER) Philosophy: education is fundamentally about sharing! Freely accessible, openly licensed documents and media that are useful for teaching, learning, and assessing as well as for research purposes. More info  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_educational_resources  http://www.edutopia.org/article/open-educational-resources-oer- resource-roundup  https://www.oercommons.org Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)
  • 24. Sources Photos: Wikipedia, Wikimedia, Flickr (public domain, CC) EU copyright: Wikipedia (http://goo.gl/saqguB) Parts of this presentation taken from http://de.slideshare.net/Jessicacoates/creative-commons- in-the-classroom-presentation (published under CC) Reinhard Wieser, Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (reinhard.wieser@ph-tirol.ac.at)

Editor's Notes

  1. The first CC licences were released in 2002 The central to each of the CC licences are the four licence elements – Attribution, noncommercial, no derivative and sharealike These represent restrictions that copyright owners may want to put on how people can use their material. As you can see, each of the elements has a symbol that can be used to ‘represent’ each of these elements this makes the licences easier understand – in theory, once a person is familiar with the CC licences, they should be able to recognise what uses are allowed simply by looking at the symbols