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Dr. Md. Mosharraf Hossain BHUIYAN
CSO, HPRWMU, INST,AERE, Savar
Duties and Responsibilities of RCO
6th Training Course on Radiation Protection for Radiation Workers and RCOs of
BAEC, Medical Facilities & Industries
Training Institute, AERE, Savar, BAEC
Out lines…………
 Objectives
 Definition /Designation of RCO
 Duties of RCO
 Resource materials
 Regulatory Requirements
 Radiation Protection
 Instruments of monitoring
 Report writing
 Review of additional information
Objectives
• To protect man and environment from
the harmful effect of ionizing radiation.
• To improve the knowledge, skill and
attitude (Competencies) of RCOs to
control radiation related matter properly.
• To develop safety culture.
• The aim of this lecture is to learn about
duties of RCOs.
Duty
• Duty can be defined as a moral, legal, or
professional obligation which a person is bound to
do, otherwise, he/she has to face certain punishment
or penalty.
• In economics, duty is described as a form of tax
levied by the government on the goods purchased
from or sold to foreign countries.
• The non-payment of such taxes may result in a
penalty to the exporter or importer.
Responsibility
• Responsibility refers to a state of having some
authority or obligation to undertake a task
satisfactorily which has been assigned by
someone who is superior or elder, so as to
attain the desired results.
• It is required to be undertaken as a part of a
job or role.
Key Differences Between Duty
and Responsibility
• Duty refers to the legal or moral obligation, or commitment towards certain work, which
you are expected to perform, in general, or special circumstances. On the contrary,
responsibility refers to the liability that requires fulfilment which is either assumed,
voluntarily accepted or promised, by an individual, inherent to his/her job or role.
• Duties exhibits respect, sincerity, of the person towards the work (task), elders and
superiors and obedience. Conversely, Responsibility gives birth to accountability, i.e.
acceptance of certain responsibility by a person makes him/her accountable for its
performance.
• Duty requires the sacrifice of self-interest by the person to whom it is ascribed. In contrast,
responsibility demands trustworthiness and loyalty, i.e. the person to whom the
responsibility of a certain task is given must be trustworthy and loyal to perform the tasks
as required.
• Duties are imputed on a person, either naturally or out of the role/position he occupies. On
the other hand, responsibility is nothing but demanded duties, which are shouldered on a
person who is competent and conscientious enough to handle it.
• Duty brings responsibility, i.e. when you say it
is your duty, it indicates that you ought to do
that because you are responsible for that act if
it is not done properly, within the reasonable
time.
• It requires allegiance on the part of the
concerned individual, for the discharge of
duties and responsibilities successfully.
Key Differences Between Duty
and Responsibility
Who is RCO ??
• A Radiation Control officer is defined in the International Basic
Safety Standards (GSR Part- 3 ) as,
• “a person technically competent in radiation protection
matters relevant for a given type of practice who is designated
by the registrant , licensee, or employer to oversee the
application of the relevant requirements”.
• Radiation protection officers are specialists who ensure that work
involving ionizing radiation in medical or industrial facilities is carried
out safely in line with national regulations.
Designation of the RPO
• Employers, registrants and licensees, in
consultation with workers, or through their
representatives where appropriate:
– Shall designate, as appropriate, a radiation
protection officer in accordance with criteria
established by the regulatory body.
9
10
Designation of the RPO
• The person or organization responsible for any facility or activity
that gives rise to radiation risks has the prime responsibility
for protection and safety, and this cannot be delegated
• Employers, registrants and licensees designate, as appropriate,
a radiation protection officer (RPO) in accordance with criteria
established by the regulatory body
• The RPO, therefore, plays a vital role in assisting the
employer registrant or licensee by:
• overseeing the practical application of the BSS
• overseeing the programme of occupational monitoring
11
Duties of the RPO (Core Duties) Ref.IAEA
There is a range of ‘core-duties’ that an RPO may carry out, regardless of the
practice in which they work, such as:
• Supervision of work to ensure compliance with local rules and national regulations
• Providing new workers with an appropriate introduction to local rules and procedures
• Carrying out, or supervision of, workplace monitoring
• Supervision of arrangements for individual monitoring
• Keeping of source records
• Ensuring that equipment and safety systems are maintained
• Ensuring new equipment/installations are appropriately tested and validated before
use
• Ensuring that working procedures are developed, followed and kept up-to-date
• Information and training of exposed workers
• Reviewing emergency plans and ensuring that practice drills are carried out
• Supervise implementation of the health surveillance programme
Legislation and Regulatory…
■ BAERA Act- 2012
■ NSRC Rules-1997 [basis: BSS 115]
■ The Act requires a license to carryout any type
of radiological or nuclear practice in the country.
■ The Rules prescribe the manner of obtaining a
license
Authority…
■ BAEC is the operator and service providing
authority.
■ BAERA is the regulatory authority
Radiation Protection Strategy & Infrastructure
IAEA
Bangladesh Gazette
• Bangladesh Gazette, Extraordinary Copy, September 1997
• Chapter IX
• Article 54.1 Radiation Control officer (RCO)
• (a) –(n)= 14
• (n)= 4
• Total
Duties of Radiation Control officer /BAERA
• Duties of radiation control officer are
to-
a) Handle and apply safely the radioactive
material, nuclear material and irradiating
apparatus:
b) Formulate the necessary radiation protection
working procedures in respect to the practice
leading to radiation exposure:
Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.)
c) Establish a system of physical surveillance of
radiation exposure and contamination through
adequate procedures and practice:
d) Organize the radiation monitoring programme
for routine and special monitoring:
e) Instruct the radiation workers on hazards of
radiation and on safety measures and
practices to minimize exposure and
contamination:
f) Take all necessary steps to ensure that the
operational limits are not exceeded:
Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.)
Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.)
g) Organize the safe transport, storage and
disposal of all radioactive materials including
waste containing radioactive material in such
a way as it conforms to the conditions
specified by the commission (BAERA):
h) Make arrangements for testing and
calibrating all monitoring instruments:
USA
Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.)
i) Ensure that records are up-to-date:
j) Ensure that the quality assurance of radiation
monitoring programme is maintained:
Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.)
k) Investigate and initiate prompt and suitable
remedial actions in respect to any situation
that may cause radiation hazards:
l) Ensure that the reports on all hazardous
situations along with details of any immediate
remedial actions taken are made available to
the licensee immediately:
Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.)
m) Control access of people, other than those
involved in the work, to any area where
practice involving radiation are being
conducted: and
n) In the event of spillage of any radioactive
material resulting in personnel, surface of
airborne
Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.)
n) In the event of spillage of any radioactive
material resulting in personnel, surface of airborne
contamination-
1)Take steps to arrange for the immediate
decontamination of the affected person:
2)Take necessary steps to prevent further
spreading of contamination:
Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.)
3) Take an immediate decontamination measure in
an affected area: and
4) Inform the commission (BAERA) immediately of
the details of the accident and remedial action
initiated, if any.
Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.)
54.2 Qualification of RCO
a. the educational qualification and training
approved by the commission(BAERA) to
conduct his duty
b. to be certified by the commission
(BAERA): and
c. to be retrained, if necessary.
Preparation of Reports
• Safety Analyses Report
•Emergency Preparedness and Response plan
•Environmental Clearance certificate
• Submission of Annual RCO Report for Renewal of
Facility License as well as his/her license.
•Some times Fire license.
26
Training needs of the RPO
• Whichever person is selected by management to be an
RPO s/he will need appropriate training, for:
• Ensuring the fulfilment of local rules and national
regulations
• Ensuring the correct response in case of emergency
• Training the workers in topics of radiation safety and
protection
• unless s/he already has the appropriate level of
competence to carry out these duties
Training needs for the RPO
• Radiation protection officers need to have
specific personal attributes:
– communication skills,
– leadership and analytical skills,
– human–machine interface skills
– multitask management skills,
• which can be stimulated during training
through practical exercises.
27
How this course was started
In 23-27 June 2014, I attended TTT, Train the Trainers, Regional workshop for RPO,
Kulalumpur, Malaysia, organized by IAEA . After returned to Bangladesh ,with
recommendation of Head HPRWMU, applied to BAEC for organizing such training and
accordingly got approval in 2015.
Radiation Protection Equipment
1. Installed Equipment 2. Portable Survey Meters
Dose rate alarm, hand/foot monitor,
stack monitor etc.
Dose rate meter, contamination
monitor, air sampler etc.
Hand-Foot Monitor Survey Meters
3. Personal Dosimeter 4. Laboratory Equipment
TLD/Film badge, digital
personal monitor, personal air
sampler etc.
HPGe detector, Whole body
counter, Scintillation counter,
Thyroid counter etc.
TLD
Digital
Personal
Monitor
HPGe
Detector
Whole Body
Counter
Radiation Protection Equipment…
Radiation Survey meter
Gamma and Contamination Survey Meter
Classification of License
• Radioactive Materials license (Class A)
• Nuclear Materials License (Class B)
• Radioactive Materials License (Class C)
• Transport of Radioactive materials license (Class D)
•Import & Export License (Class E)
•Nuclear Reactor License (Class-F)
•Radioactive Waste Management/Disposal License (Class G)
• Nuclear Reactor Operator License
Principles of Radiation Protection
ALARA
(As
Low
As
Reasonably
Achievable
Justification Optimization Dose limitation
Risk < Benefit
Parameters Workers
(mSv/y)
Public
(mSv/y)
Effect Dose 20 1
Equivalent Dose
Lens of eye
Skin
Extremities
150/20
500
500
15
50
50
Review of additional Information
Elements of Workplace Radiation Protection
 Area Demarcation
 Supervised Area: Dose Rate = 1/10th of Annual dose limit
 Controlled Area: Dose Rate: 3/10th of Annual dose limit
 High Radiation Area: Dose rate: Higher than controlled Area
 Posting Radiation Caution Symbol
 Contamination Monitoring
 Radiation Protection Officer
 Training of the Occupational Workers
Radiation Caution Symbol
Thank You so much !

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Duties and Responsibilities of RCO

  • 1. Dr. Md. Mosharraf Hossain BHUIYAN CSO, HPRWMU, INST,AERE, Savar Duties and Responsibilities of RCO 6th Training Course on Radiation Protection for Radiation Workers and RCOs of BAEC, Medical Facilities & Industries Training Institute, AERE, Savar, BAEC
  • 2. Out lines…………  Objectives  Definition /Designation of RCO  Duties of RCO  Resource materials  Regulatory Requirements  Radiation Protection  Instruments of monitoring  Report writing  Review of additional information
  • 3. Objectives • To protect man and environment from the harmful effect of ionizing radiation. • To improve the knowledge, skill and attitude (Competencies) of RCOs to control radiation related matter properly. • To develop safety culture. • The aim of this lecture is to learn about duties of RCOs.
  • 4. Duty • Duty can be defined as a moral, legal, or professional obligation which a person is bound to do, otherwise, he/she has to face certain punishment or penalty. • In economics, duty is described as a form of tax levied by the government on the goods purchased from or sold to foreign countries. • The non-payment of such taxes may result in a penalty to the exporter or importer.
  • 5. Responsibility • Responsibility refers to a state of having some authority or obligation to undertake a task satisfactorily which has been assigned by someone who is superior or elder, so as to attain the desired results. • It is required to be undertaken as a part of a job or role.
  • 6. Key Differences Between Duty and Responsibility • Duty refers to the legal or moral obligation, or commitment towards certain work, which you are expected to perform, in general, or special circumstances. On the contrary, responsibility refers to the liability that requires fulfilment which is either assumed, voluntarily accepted or promised, by an individual, inherent to his/her job or role. • Duties exhibits respect, sincerity, of the person towards the work (task), elders and superiors and obedience. Conversely, Responsibility gives birth to accountability, i.e. acceptance of certain responsibility by a person makes him/her accountable for its performance. • Duty requires the sacrifice of self-interest by the person to whom it is ascribed. In contrast, responsibility demands trustworthiness and loyalty, i.e. the person to whom the responsibility of a certain task is given must be trustworthy and loyal to perform the tasks as required. • Duties are imputed on a person, either naturally or out of the role/position he occupies. On the other hand, responsibility is nothing but demanded duties, which are shouldered on a person who is competent and conscientious enough to handle it.
  • 7. • Duty brings responsibility, i.e. when you say it is your duty, it indicates that you ought to do that because you are responsible for that act if it is not done properly, within the reasonable time. • It requires allegiance on the part of the concerned individual, for the discharge of duties and responsibilities successfully. Key Differences Between Duty and Responsibility
  • 8. Who is RCO ?? • A Radiation Control officer is defined in the International Basic Safety Standards (GSR Part- 3 ) as, • “a person technically competent in radiation protection matters relevant for a given type of practice who is designated by the registrant , licensee, or employer to oversee the application of the relevant requirements”. • Radiation protection officers are specialists who ensure that work involving ionizing radiation in medical or industrial facilities is carried out safely in line with national regulations.
  • 9. Designation of the RPO • Employers, registrants and licensees, in consultation with workers, or through their representatives where appropriate: – Shall designate, as appropriate, a radiation protection officer in accordance with criteria established by the regulatory body. 9
  • 10. 10 Designation of the RPO • The person or organization responsible for any facility or activity that gives rise to radiation risks has the prime responsibility for protection and safety, and this cannot be delegated • Employers, registrants and licensees designate, as appropriate, a radiation protection officer (RPO) in accordance with criteria established by the regulatory body • The RPO, therefore, plays a vital role in assisting the employer registrant or licensee by: • overseeing the practical application of the BSS • overseeing the programme of occupational monitoring
  • 11. 11 Duties of the RPO (Core Duties) Ref.IAEA There is a range of ‘core-duties’ that an RPO may carry out, regardless of the practice in which they work, such as: • Supervision of work to ensure compliance with local rules and national regulations • Providing new workers with an appropriate introduction to local rules and procedures • Carrying out, or supervision of, workplace monitoring • Supervision of arrangements for individual monitoring • Keeping of source records • Ensuring that equipment and safety systems are maintained • Ensuring new equipment/installations are appropriately tested and validated before use • Ensuring that working procedures are developed, followed and kept up-to-date • Information and training of exposed workers • Reviewing emergency plans and ensuring that practice drills are carried out • Supervise implementation of the health surveillance programme
  • 12. Legislation and Regulatory… ■ BAERA Act- 2012 ■ NSRC Rules-1997 [basis: BSS 115] ■ The Act requires a license to carryout any type of radiological or nuclear practice in the country. ■ The Rules prescribe the manner of obtaining a license Authority… ■ BAEC is the operator and service providing authority. ■ BAERA is the regulatory authority Radiation Protection Strategy & Infrastructure IAEA
  • 13.
  • 14. Bangladesh Gazette • Bangladesh Gazette, Extraordinary Copy, September 1997 • Chapter IX • Article 54.1 Radiation Control officer (RCO) • (a) –(n)= 14 • (n)= 4 • Total
  • 15. Duties of Radiation Control officer /BAERA • Duties of radiation control officer are to- a) Handle and apply safely the radioactive material, nuclear material and irradiating apparatus: b) Formulate the necessary radiation protection working procedures in respect to the practice leading to radiation exposure:
  • 16. Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.) c) Establish a system of physical surveillance of radiation exposure and contamination through adequate procedures and practice: d) Organize the radiation monitoring programme for routine and special monitoring:
  • 17. e) Instruct the radiation workers on hazards of radiation and on safety measures and practices to minimize exposure and contamination: f) Take all necessary steps to ensure that the operational limits are not exceeded: Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.)
  • 18. Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.) g) Organize the safe transport, storage and disposal of all radioactive materials including waste containing radioactive material in such a way as it conforms to the conditions specified by the commission (BAERA): h) Make arrangements for testing and calibrating all monitoring instruments:
  • 19. USA Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.) i) Ensure that records are up-to-date: j) Ensure that the quality assurance of radiation monitoring programme is maintained:
  • 20. Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.) k) Investigate and initiate prompt and suitable remedial actions in respect to any situation that may cause radiation hazards: l) Ensure that the reports on all hazardous situations along with details of any immediate remedial actions taken are made available to the licensee immediately:
  • 21. Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.) m) Control access of people, other than those involved in the work, to any area where practice involving radiation are being conducted: and n) In the event of spillage of any radioactive material resulting in personnel, surface of airborne
  • 22. Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.) n) In the event of spillage of any radioactive material resulting in personnel, surface of airborne contamination- 1)Take steps to arrange for the immediate decontamination of the affected person: 2)Take necessary steps to prevent further spreading of contamination:
  • 23. Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.) 3) Take an immediate decontamination measure in an affected area: and 4) Inform the commission (BAERA) immediately of the details of the accident and remedial action initiated, if any.
  • 24. Duties of Radiation Control officer (Cont.) 54.2 Qualification of RCO a. the educational qualification and training approved by the commission(BAERA) to conduct his duty b. to be certified by the commission (BAERA): and c. to be retrained, if necessary.
  • 25. Preparation of Reports • Safety Analyses Report •Emergency Preparedness and Response plan •Environmental Clearance certificate • Submission of Annual RCO Report for Renewal of Facility License as well as his/her license. •Some times Fire license.
  • 26. 26 Training needs of the RPO • Whichever person is selected by management to be an RPO s/he will need appropriate training, for: • Ensuring the fulfilment of local rules and national regulations • Ensuring the correct response in case of emergency • Training the workers in topics of radiation safety and protection • unless s/he already has the appropriate level of competence to carry out these duties
  • 27. Training needs for the RPO • Radiation protection officers need to have specific personal attributes: – communication skills, – leadership and analytical skills, – human–machine interface skills – multitask management skills, • which can be stimulated during training through practical exercises. 27
  • 28. How this course was started In 23-27 June 2014, I attended TTT, Train the Trainers, Regional workshop for RPO, Kulalumpur, Malaysia, organized by IAEA . After returned to Bangladesh ,with recommendation of Head HPRWMU, applied to BAEC for organizing such training and accordingly got approval in 2015.
  • 29. Radiation Protection Equipment 1. Installed Equipment 2. Portable Survey Meters Dose rate alarm, hand/foot monitor, stack monitor etc. Dose rate meter, contamination monitor, air sampler etc. Hand-Foot Monitor Survey Meters
  • 30. 3. Personal Dosimeter 4. Laboratory Equipment TLD/Film badge, digital personal monitor, personal air sampler etc. HPGe detector, Whole body counter, Scintillation counter, Thyroid counter etc. TLD Digital Personal Monitor HPGe Detector Whole Body Counter Radiation Protection Equipment…
  • 31. Radiation Survey meter Gamma and Contamination Survey Meter
  • 32. Classification of License • Radioactive Materials license (Class A) • Nuclear Materials License (Class B) • Radioactive Materials License (Class C) • Transport of Radioactive materials license (Class D) •Import & Export License (Class E) •Nuclear Reactor License (Class-F) •Radioactive Waste Management/Disposal License (Class G) • Nuclear Reactor Operator License
  • 33. Principles of Radiation Protection ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable Justification Optimization Dose limitation Risk < Benefit Parameters Workers (mSv/y) Public (mSv/y) Effect Dose 20 1 Equivalent Dose Lens of eye Skin Extremities 150/20 500 500 15 50 50 Review of additional Information
  • 34. Elements of Workplace Radiation Protection  Area Demarcation  Supervised Area: Dose Rate = 1/10th of Annual dose limit  Controlled Area: Dose Rate: 3/10th of Annual dose limit  High Radiation Area: Dose rate: Higher than controlled Area  Posting Radiation Caution Symbol  Contamination Monitoring  Radiation Protection Officer  Training of the Occupational Workers Radiation Caution Symbol
  • 35. Thank You so much !

Editor's Notes

  1. Too much text : to split in 2 or 3