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TANJORE TEMPLE
01 VASAVI
04 BHAVANA
07 MEGHANA
10 SRIJA
15 JAYESH
16 ALANKRITHA
29 POOJA
40 SUREANDRA
Brihadishvara Temple, also called Rajarajesvaram or Peruvudaiyār
Kōvil, is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva located in South bank of
Kaveri river in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India.It is one of the largest
South Indian temples and an exemplary example of a fully realized
Dravidian architecture
Called the Big Temple, it lies is in the Thanjavur district of Tamilnadu.
Built on the banks of the river Cauvery, where the water was diverted to
the moat, this temple is made entirely of granite, and it stands tall
amidst fortified walls.
Arulmozhivarman, the emperor, popularly known as Rajaraja Chola I,
was a Lord Shiva devotee and laid the foundations of the Tanjore
temple after he dreamt about it in Sri Lanka (Ceylon). This temple was
the center of most festivals celebrated in the Chola kingdom and it
served as the center of economic and religious activities. Villages from
the country provided human resources and material to maintain the
temple.
After crossing all the gopuram, you will see the
big complex and the main temple. The Temple
stands in middle of fortified walls. There is one
pavilion and statue of a sacred giant black Nandi
bull facing this temple. It is result of a single rock
carving, measuring about thirteen feet high and
sixteen feet long.
The Brihadeshvara temple plan and development
utilizes the axial and symmetrical geometry
rules.It is classified as Perunkoil (also called
Madakkoil), a big temple built on a higher platform
of a natural or man-made mounds. The temple
complex is a rectangle that is almost two smacked
squares.
1000 year old but this amazing temple has survived the
extremities of weather, six recorded major earthquakes and a
major fire accident.Archaeologists are amazed at this temple
and say that this temple can survive for thousands of
centuries. What could be reason?? Granite, Yes, thats one
reason. The complete temple is built of the hardest stone
available in the world Granite but the way temple was built,
each and every stone were put together is something special.
The inscriptions were the master work done by the king. The
instructions were provided for carving the details like, how his
order should be adorned at the base of Vimana, how he
executed the plan for construction of the temple, the list of
gifts given by him to the temple. The inscriptions also reveal
financial information on the construction of the temple.
There are three main entrances (Gopuram)
to the shrine called the Keralantakam,
Rasarasan and Tiruanukkam. The 2nd and
3rd entrances are guarded by ferocious
doorkeepers of huge proportions, all
monoliths.
KERALAANTHAGAN
GOPURAM
This is a five stage gopuram, Narasimha on one
side and hiranya on the other side. The lead is
distributed on two huge granite walls and the
walls are merged into single structure.
RAJARAJAN GOPURAM
Two huge 15 feet monolithic dwarapalas on either
side of this entrance is seen.The 15 feet huge
monolithic stone sculpture of the dwarapala
reveals the thattva(concept ) that God is
everywhere as shown by the upper two hands
and the pose of right hand index finger denotes
that God is one and only one.
After crossing all the gopuram, you will see the big complex and the
main temple. The Temple stands in middle of fortified walls. There is
one pavilion and statue of a sacred giant black Nandi bull facing this
temple. It is result of a single rock carving, measuring about thirteen
feet high and sixteen feet long.
Vimana (Tower) built over the garbhgriha (sanctum), which
is 216 feet high and has 14 storey is peculiar, because
usually, the Gopurams (towers at the entrance) are
generally higher than the Vimana in most temples. The
tower was built hollow by the master designers by
interlocking the stones without using any binding
material!!!
After the Vimana, temple is
capped by a single 80 ton
(73,700 kg) monolithic solid
granite block. The Sikhara, a
spherical dome, is octagonal
and rests on top of this granite
block.
The inscriptions were the master
work done by the king. The
instructions were provided for
carving the details like, how his
order should be adorned at the base
of Vimana, how he executed the
plan for construction of the temple,
the list of gifts given by him to the
temple. The inscriptions also reveal
financial information on the
construction of the temple.
Temple has ornate pillars and columns,
all with exquisitely carved animal,
human and other figures.In
Bharatanatyam (Indian classical
dance) 108 poses form the basic
movements. There are beautiful
sculptures of 81 of the 108 poses
inside the chamber of the first tier of
the vimana (tower)
Dravidian architecture history
Dravidian architecture history

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Dravidian architecture history

  • 1. TANJORE TEMPLE 01 VASAVI 04 BHAVANA 07 MEGHANA 10 SRIJA 15 JAYESH 16 ALANKRITHA 29 POOJA 40 SUREANDRA
  • 2. Brihadishvara Temple, also called Rajarajesvaram or Peruvudaiyār Kōvil, is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva located in South bank of Kaveri river in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India.It is one of the largest South Indian temples and an exemplary example of a fully realized Dravidian architecture Called the Big Temple, it lies is in the Thanjavur district of Tamilnadu. Built on the banks of the river Cauvery, where the water was diverted to the moat, this temple is made entirely of granite, and it stands tall amidst fortified walls. Arulmozhivarman, the emperor, popularly known as Rajaraja Chola I, was a Lord Shiva devotee and laid the foundations of the Tanjore temple after he dreamt about it in Sri Lanka (Ceylon). This temple was the center of most festivals celebrated in the Chola kingdom and it served as the center of economic and religious activities. Villages from the country provided human resources and material to maintain the temple.
  • 3. After crossing all the gopuram, you will see the big complex and the main temple. The Temple stands in middle of fortified walls. There is one pavilion and statue of a sacred giant black Nandi bull facing this temple. It is result of a single rock carving, measuring about thirteen feet high and sixteen feet long. The Brihadeshvara temple plan and development utilizes the axial and symmetrical geometry rules.It is classified as Perunkoil (also called Madakkoil), a big temple built on a higher platform of a natural or man-made mounds. The temple complex is a rectangle that is almost two smacked squares. 1000 year old but this amazing temple has survived the extremities of weather, six recorded major earthquakes and a major fire accident.Archaeologists are amazed at this temple and say that this temple can survive for thousands of centuries. What could be reason?? Granite, Yes, thats one reason. The complete temple is built of the hardest stone available in the world Granite but the way temple was built, each and every stone were put together is something special.
  • 4. The inscriptions were the master work done by the king. The instructions were provided for carving the details like, how his order should be adorned at the base of Vimana, how he executed the plan for construction of the temple, the list of gifts given by him to the temple. The inscriptions also reveal financial information on the construction of the temple.
  • 5.
  • 6. There are three main entrances (Gopuram) to the shrine called the Keralantakam, Rasarasan and Tiruanukkam. The 2nd and 3rd entrances are guarded by ferocious doorkeepers of huge proportions, all monoliths. KERALAANTHAGAN GOPURAM This is a five stage gopuram, Narasimha on one side and hiranya on the other side. The lead is distributed on two huge granite walls and the walls are merged into single structure. RAJARAJAN GOPURAM Two huge 15 feet monolithic dwarapalas on either side of this entrance is seen.The 15 feet huge monolithic stone sculpture of the dwarapala reveals the thattva(concept ) that God is everywhere as shown by the upper two hands and the pose of right hand index finger denotes that God is one and only one. After crossing all the gopuram, you will see the big complex and the main temple. The Temple stands in middle of fortified walls. There is one pavilion and statue of a sacred giant black Nandi bull facing this temple. It is result of a single rock carving, measuring about thirteen feet high and sixteen feet long. Vimana (Tower) built over the garbhgriha (sanctum), which is 216 feet high and has 14 storey is peculiar, because usually, the Gopurams (towers at the entrance) are generally higher than the Vimana in most temples. The tower was built hollow by the master designers by interlocking the stones without using any binding material!!! After the Vimana, temple is capped by a single 80 ton (73,700 kg) monolithic solid granite block. The Sikhara, a spherical dome, is octagonal and rests on top of this granite block.
  • 7. The inscriptions were the master work done by the king. The instructions were provided for carving the details like, how his order should be adorned at the base of Vimana, how he executed the plan for construction of the temple, the list of gifts given by him to the temple. The inscriptions also reveal financial information on the construction of the temple. Temple has ornate pillars and columns, all with exquisitely carved animal, human and other figures.In Bharatanatyam (Indian classical dance) 108 poses form the basic movements. There are beautiful sculptures of 81 of the 108 poses inside the chamber of the first tier of the vimana (tower)