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Does Hong Kong have an informal diplomatic role for China on
The New Silk Road?
Hong Kong Political Science Association
“Hong Kong and Globalisation Conference”
Saturday 21 October 2017
Alan Ka-lun LUNG , Governor, Path of Democracy 1
The Silk Road’s cultural & religious diversity
2
“the world’s great religions burst into lives, where Judiaism,
Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism
jostled with each other”
The Silk Roads, A New History of the World
by Peter Frankopan
China’s position and approach
Prefer the Westphalia concept of sovereignty and project financing
(i.e. not ownership)
No territorial ambition:
• Prefer project financing in
the Middle-East because of
perceived risks
• Intends to be a more
inclusive global economic
development model
Put emphasis on economic
benefits:
• As an outreach towards
Asian countries for
resolving territorial and
maritime disputes
• US$1.7 Trillion/Year
needed
• The AIIB initiative intends
to yield economic return
The Ratification of the
Treaty of Münster, 15
May 1648 after Europe’s
Thirty Years War (1618-
1648)
Europe’s position on OBOR: undecided
There’s limit on how much China could invest
Negative views:
• OBOR could prolong China’s state
capitalism
• No Joint Statement from Belt &
Road Forum (Beijing, 14 May 2017)
Positive views:
• Bring Europe closer to China
• Projects in Europe are attractive
Germany’s view:
• China should respect “One-Europe
Policy”
• Human Right differences with China
remain unresolved
Challenges on The New Silk Road:
CCP’s atheism versus extreme cultural and religious diversity
Major
business issue:
Investor
Protection
and
Rule of Law
“You know how Tajik shoot pigeons?” he asked.
“ They scatter some food on the ground and then
wait around the corner with a shotgun. When
pigeons come, they just blast away from a short
distance. That’s the dire situation facing Chinese
businessmen here.”
South China Morning Post
7 October 2017
Hong Kong – China’s most international city:
HK’s rule of reputation in the light of Nancy Pelosi’s statement
6
Secretary of Justice Rimsky Yuen defends Hong Kong’s rule of law and
mentions Hague Convention’s activities in Hong Kong at Path of
Democracy’s Speak Luncheon (22 September 2017)
Pelosi’s Statement on
unjust Re-
sentencing of
Joshua Wong:
This injustice
offends the basic
notions of
freedom and
democracy, and
deserves the
swift and unified
condemnation of
the international
community
PACOM (Pacific Command of the US Military):
Hong Kong is more than a trading and finance centre
7China allows USS Ronald Reagan port call in Hong Kong on 2 October 2017
“World Order”, “China” and “Pacific Community”
C.H.Tung and Kissinger launched Pacific Community Initiative Project
at Johns Hopkins University (6 October 2016)
8
Hong Kong at a turning point:
Use HK’s soft power to help the West get a better understanding of China’s rise
or get rid of the “bad foreign influences” in HK
9
“One China,
One Europe”,
Sigmar Gabriel,
German Foreign
Minister
List of references:
Books
“The Silk Road. A New History of the World’, Peter Frankopan”, Bloomsbury, Publishing 2015
“On China”, Henry Kissinger, Penguin Books, 2011
“World Order”, Henry Kissinger, Penguin Books, 2014
Research Reports
“Europe and China’s New Silk Road”, A Report by the European Think-tank Network on China
(ETNC), December 2016
“China’s Belt and Road initiative: can Europe expect trade gains”, Alicia Garcia Herrero and Jianwei
Xu, Bruegel Working Paper, 2016
“One Belt, One Road, An Opportunity for the EU Security Strategy”, Clingendael, Netherlands
Institute of International Relations, December 2015
“One Belt, One Road (OBOR), China’s regional integration initiative”, European Parliament Research
Service (EPRS), July 2016
Articles
“EU backs away from trade statement in blow to China’s ‘modern Silk Road’ plan”, The Guardian,
15 May, 2017
“MTR, China Railway team up for overseas jobs”, SCMP, 12 September 2017
“German seeks Belt and Road equality”, SCMP 7 October 2017
“ One China – One Europe? German Foreign Minister’s Remarks Irk Beijing”, The Diplomat,
9 September 2017
10

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Does Hong Kong have an informal diplomatic role for China on the New Silk Road (hkpsa 21 oct 2017)

  • 1. Does Hong Kong have an informal diplomatic role for China on The New Silk Road? Hong Kong Political Science Association “Hong Kong and Globalisation Conference” Saturday 21 October 2017 Alan Ka-lun LUNG , Governor, Path of Democracy 1
  • 2. The Silk Road’s cultural & religious diversity 2 “the world’s great religions burst into lives, where Judiaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism jostled with each other” The Silk Roads, A New History of the World by Peter Frankopan
  • 3. China’s position and approach Prefer the Westphalia concept of sovereignty and project financing (i.e. not ownership) No territorial ambition: • Prefer project financing in the Middle-East because of perceived risks • Intends to be a more inclusive global economic development model Put emphasis on economic benefits: • As an outreach towards Asian countries for resolving territorial and maritime disputes • US$1.7 Trillion/Year needed • The AIIB initiative intends to yield economic return The Ratification of the Treaty of Münster, 15 May 1648 after Europe’s Thirty Years War (1618- 1648)
  • 4. Europe’s position on OBOR: undecided There’s limit on how much China could invest Negative views: • OBOR could prolong China’s state capitalism • No Joint Statement from Belt & Road Forum (Beijing, 14 May 2017) Positive views: • Bring Europe closer to China • Projects in Europe are attractive Germany’s view: • China should respect “One-Europe Policy” • Human Right differences with China remain unresolved
  • 5. Challenges on The New Silk Road: CCP’s atheism versus extreme cultural and religious diversity Major business issue: Investor Protection and Rule of Law “You know how Tajik shoot pigeons?” he asked. “ They scatter some food on the ground and then wait around the corner with a shotgun. When pigeons come, they just blast away from a short distance. That’s the dire situation facing Chinese businessmen here.” South China Morning Post 7 October 2017
  • 6. Hong Kong – China’s most international city: HK’s rule of reputation in the light of Nancy Pelosi’s statement 6 Secretary of Justice Rimsky Yuen defends Hong Kong’s rule of law and mentions Hague Convention’s activities in Hong Kong at Path of Democracy’s Speak Luncheon (22 September 2017) Pelosi’s Statement on unjust Re- sentencing of Joshua Wong: This injustice offends the basic notions of freedom and democracy, and deserves the swift and unified condemnation of the international community
  • 7. PACOM (Pacific Command of the US Military): Hong Kong is more than a trading and finance centre 7China allows USS Ronald Reagan port call in Hong Kong on 2 October 2017
  • 8. “World Order”, “China” and “Pacific Community” C.H.Tung and Kissinger launched Pacific Community Initiative Project at Johns Hopkins University (6 October 2016) 8
  • 9. Hong Kong at a turning point: Use HK’s soft power to help the West get a better understanding of China’s rise or get rid of the “bad foreign influences” in HK 9 “One China, One Europe”, Sigmar Gabriel, German Foreign Minister
  • 10. List of references: Books “The Silk Road. A New History of the World’, Peter Frankopan”, Bloomsbury, Publishing 2015 “On China”, Henry Kissinger, Penguin Books, 2011 “World Order”, Henry Kissinger, Penguin Books, 2014 Research Reports “Europe and China’s New Silk Road”, A Report by the European Think-tank Network on China (ETNC), December 2016 “China’s Belt and Road initiative: can Europe expect trade gains”, Alicia Garcia Herrero and Jianwei Xu, Bruegel Working Paper, 2016 “One Belt, One Road, An Opportunity for the EU Security Strategy”, Clingendael, Netherlands Institute of International Relations, December 2015 “One Belt, One Road (OBOR), China’s regional integration initiative”, European Parliament Research Service (EPRS), July 2016 Articles “EU backs away from trade statement in blow to China’s ‘modern Silk Road’ plan”, The Guardian, 15 May, 2017 “MTR, China Railway team up for overseas jobs”, SCMP, 12 September 2017 “German seeks Belt and Road equality”, SCMP 7 October 2017 “ One China – One Europe? German Foreign Minister’s Remarks Irk Beijing”, The Diplomat, 9 September 2017 10

Editor's Notes

  1. Picture shows the ruins of the Episcopal Palace of the Byzantine Empire in the ancient Greek city of Aphrodisias (now in Turkey) Belt & Road (OBOR) cover the territory covered by of the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire, 3rd to 15th Century) and beyond. Described in Peter Frankopan’s Book Which average readers may not feel wiser about the regional Most might have trouble reading the book because they’re not familiar with it … names of places Timbuktu was a familiar name. Now I know where Medina and significance of the place in Islam.
  2. Hong Kong is also very diverse Three pictures are from Hong Kong: The Jewish Synagogue (Robinson Road), Zoroastrian Building (Leighton Road, now demolished) and Buddha statue (Ngong Ping, Lantau Island) All religious group of the Silk Road … including the Zoroastrian are in Hong Kong
  3. Picture (left to right): Rimsky Yuen (Secretary for Justice), Kurt Tong (US Consul General) and Jelita Pons (EU Office to Hong Kong)
  4. Picture (from top): Henry Kissinger and C.H.Tung; A lunch hosted by C.H.TUNG for the Path of Democracy (31 August, 2017) at Hong Kong Club; David Lampton (School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University); Wang Jisi (School of International Studies, Beijing University).
  5. Picture from top: Standing Committee of the CCP Sigmar Gabriel, German Foreign Minister Benedict Rogers, who has been barred from Hong Kong, addressing a pro-democracy protest outside the UK foreign office in August. Photograph: Benedict Rogers Cheng Yiu Tong (FTU) Liu Yun-shan (CCP Standing Committee) Deng Liqun (“Leftist King” and former propaganda chief of CCP) Carrie Lam at Professional Commons 10th Anniversary Dinner -- she disclosed that she was criticised for attended a petition campaign organised by pro-democracy legislators Cheung Chiu-hung