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Dynamic Neuromuscular
    Stabilization (DNS):
    According to Kolar
A Developmental Kinesiology
         Approach
What is DNS?
•  A new method of
   intrinsic locomotor
   system stabilization
•  A new manual
   rehabilitative
   approach to activate
   the “Integrated
   Stabilizing System”
   and achieve exciting
   levels of improved
   function
What is DNS?
•  DNS is not just a technique, but rather an
   overall strategy designed to better
   understand the neurophysiological
   principles of locomotor system function
•  It includes both a knowledge and
   theoretical base, in addition to
   assessment, treatment, exercise and
   lifetime strategy
Who is the developer of DNS?
Associated Professor Pavel Kolar, PaedDr.
                Director:
          Rehabilitation Clinic
          2nd Medical Faculty
           Charles University
        Prague, Czech Republic


He bases the concept of DNS upon the
 scientific principles of developmental
 kinesiology, the neurophysiological
   aspects of the maturing locomotor
                   system
The integrated stabilizing system of
               the spine
 Short intersegmental spinal muscles (multifidi)
 The deep neck flexors
 The diaphragm
 The abdominal wall
 The pelvic floor

•  These muscles typically automatically
   activate prior to purposeful
   movement to establish a stable base
   (“Feedforward Mechanism”)
The stabilizing system of the spine
•  Each movement starts with the
   stabilization of body segments providing
   balance, efficiency and security to the
   participating elements.
•  Activation of the stabilizing muscles during
   any movement is automatic, or
   “subconscious”
•  All stabilizing muscles act as a functional
   unit
•  Ensures stabilization of the spine and
   torso during any phasic movement
Functional Stabilization
•  Is required for safe purposeful
   movement of the extremities and
   head
•  Essential in course of static loading
   of the spine (sitting, standing)
•  Insufficient stabilizers:
   frequent cause (etiology)
   of locomotor system
   disturbances
•  Even simple purposeful
   movement
•  Must be preceded and
   secured by activity of
   stabilizers
•  Stabilization – activity
   of not one muscle only
•  But the whole chain
•  What is the quality of
   stabilization?
Functional Stabilization
 If one muscle (even part of it, such as with
 trigger points) is dysfunctional, then…
  -The whole stabilizing function is disturbed
  -The quality of the purposeful movement is
    compromised
Compromised stabilizing system
•  The compensatory mechanisms occur trying to provide
   at least some degree of the body segmental stability
•  These compensatory measures typically involve
   superficial muscle groups     overloaded
•  The generated movement lacks the efficiency of the
   proper balance

•  Overload of spinal joints and discs,
   muscle overuse and repetitive strain


•  Continuous imbalance in the locomotor
   system and decreased spinal stability
DNS
•  Presents a critical set of functional tests
•  These tests:
  –  Analyze the quality of functional stability
  –  Assist in finding a “key link” of dysfunction
The DNS system is based on
        developmental kinesiology

Our diagnosis – comparison of patient‘s
 stabilizing pattern with the stabilization
 developmental pattern of a healthy baby
DNS treatment
•  To train ideal patterns as defined by the
   developmental kinesiology
                        Can you see the difference in
                        stabilization?
DNS therapeutic system
•  Specific functional exercises improve
   spinal stability by targeting the
   Integrated Stabilizing System
•  The brain must be properly stimulated
   and conditioned to automatically activate
   optimal movement patterns necessary to
   co-activate stabilizers
DNS therapeutic system
•  The ultimate strategy is to teach the brain
   to maintain central control and stability of
   the movement restored during the therapy
•  This is achieved by activation/stimulation
   of the stabilizers when placing the patient
   in the primal developmental positions (see
  reflex locomotion)
DNS therapeutic system
•  During activation the spinal and extremity
   joints become centrated
•  The spine becomes axially extended and
   intro-abdominal pressure activated
•  Stability in all body segments is achieved
          the foundation of healthy movement
DNS therapeutic system
•  As the program advances and becomes
   more challenging these ideal movement
   patterns fall under the patient’s voluntary
   control with less assistance from the
   clinician.
•  Eventually, through the repetition of the
   exercises, the central control establishes
   an automatic model that becomes a
   fundamental part of everyday movement.
DNS treatment strategy
1.  Evoke an ideal pattern of stabilization as
    defined by developmental kinesiology - usually
    reflex approach is necessary (see reflex
    locomotion)
2.  The patient activates the same quality of
    stabilization voluntarily under the clinician‘s
    supervision
3.  Self-treatment techniques
4.  Integration of ideal pattern of stabilization in
    daily activities (ex work, sports, etc.)
DNS therapeutic system
•  Encompasses not only set of exercises
•  Also mobilization techniques based on
   developmental kinesiology positions




•  And body awarness training (see body awarness )
When the DNS can be used?
•  DNS is equally applicable for the feeble geriatric
   patient and the elite athlete, for the acute
   intervertebral disc patient and the chronic
   neurological disorder patient.
•  DNS methods can also benefit infants and
   adolescents equally
•  Once the DNS principles are understood and
   methods learned, clinicians come to understand
   that the entire scope of patients available to
   benefit becomes significantly expanded from
   previous standards of rehabilitation.
Key Publication
   Kolar P:
   Facilitation of Agonist
   Antagonist Co-
   activation by Reflex
   Stimulation Methods
   In: Craig Liebenson:
   Rehabilitation of the
   Spine – A Practitioner’s
   Manual.
   Lippincott Williams&
   Wilkins, 2nd edition 2006,
   pgs.531-565

See our video presentation
Do you want to learn more about
    DNS, which forms the basis for
  many of your current rehabilitation
  approaches and complements both
    manual and exercise therapy?
   •  Register for an official DNS
               course !!
•  Contact Alena Kobesova, M.D.
                  at:
       alenamudr@klakson.cz
         •  www.rehabps.com

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DNS rehabilitation Concept

  • 1. Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization (DNS): According to Kolar A Developmental Kinesiology Approach
  • 2. What is DNS? •  A new method of intrinsic locomotor system stabilization •  A new manual rehabilitative approach to activate the “Integrated Stabilizing System” and achieve exciting levels of improved function
  • 3. What is DNS? •  DNS is not just a technique, but rather an overall strategy designed to better understand the neurophysiological principles of locomotor system function •  It includes both a knowledge and theoretical base, in addition to assessment, treatment, exercise and lifetime strategy
  • 4. Who is the developer of DNS? Associated Professor Pavel Kolar, PaedDr. Director: Rehabilitation Clinic 2nd Medical Faculty Charles University Prague, Czech Republic He bases the concept of DNS upon the scientific principles of developmental kinesiology, the neurophysiological aspects of the maturing locomotor system
  • 5. The integrated stabilizing system of the spine  Short intersegmental spinal muscles (multifidi)  The deep neck flexors  The diaphragm  The abdominal wall  The pelvic floor •  These muscles typically automatically activate prior to purposeful movement to establish a stable base (“Feedforward Mechanism”)
  • 6. The stabilizing system of the spine •  Each movement starts with the stabilization of body segments providing balance, efficiency and security to the participating elements. •  Activation of the stabilizing muscles during any movement is automatic, or “subconscious” •  All stabilizing muscles act as a functional unit •  Ensures stabilization of the spine and torso during any phasic movement
  • 7. Functional Stabilization •  Is required for safe purposeful movement of the extremities and head •  Essential in course of static loading of the spine (sitting, standing) •  Insufficient stabilizers: frequent cause (etiology) of locomotor system disturbances
  • 8. •  Even simple purposeful movement •  Must be preceded and secured by activity of stabilizers •  Stabilization – activity of not one muscle only •  But the whole chain •  What is the quality of stabilization?
  • 9. Functional Stabilization  If one muscle (even part of it, such as with trigger points) is dysfunctional, then… -The whole stabilizing function is disturbed -The quality of the purposeful movement is compromised
  • 10. Compromised stabilizing system •  The compensatory mechanisms occur trying to provide at least some degree of the body segmental stability •  These compensatory measures typically involve superficial muscle groups overloaded •  The generated movement lacks the efficiency of the proper balance •  Overload of spinal joints and discs, muscle overuse and repetitive strain •  Continuous imbalance in the locomotor system and decreased spinal stability
  • 11. DNS •  Presents a critical set of functional tests •  These tests: –  Analyze the quality of functional stability –  Assist in finding a “key link” of dysfunction
  • 12. The DNS system is based on developmental kinesiology Our diagnosis – comparison of patient‘s stabilizing pattern with the stabilization developmental pattern of a healthy baby
  • 13. DNS treatment •  To train ideal patterns as defined by the developmental kinesiology Can you see the difference in stabilization?
  • 14. DNS therapeutic system •  Specific functional exercises improve spinal stability by targeting the Integrated Stabilizing System •  The brain must be properly stimulated and conditioned to automatically activate optimal movement patterns necessary to co-activate stabilizers
  • 15. DNS therapeutic system •  The ultimate strategy is to teach the brain to maintain central control and stability of the movement restored during the therapy •  This is achieved by activation/stimulation of the stabilizers when placing the patient in the primal developmental positions (see reflex locomotion)
  • 16. DNS therapeutic system •  During activation the spinal and extremity joints become centrated •  The spine becomes axially extended and intro-abdominal pressure activated •  Stability in all body segments is achieved the foundation of healthy movement
  • 17. DNS therapeutic system •  As the program advances and becomes more challenging these ideal movement patterns fall under the patient’s voluntary control with less assistance from the clinician. •  Eventually, through the repetition of the exercises, the central control establishes an automatic model that becomes a fundamental part of everyday movement.
  • 18. DNS treatment strategy 1.  Evoke an ideal pattern of stabilization as defined by developmental kinesiology - usually reflex approach is necessary (see reflex locomotion) 2.  The patient activates the same quality of stabilization voluntarily under the clinician‘s supervision 3.  Self-treatment techniques 4.  Integration of ideal pattern of stabilization in daily activities (ex work, sports, etc.)
  • 19. DNS therapeutic system •  Encompasses not only set of exercises •  Also mobilization techniques based on developmental kinesiology positions •  And body awarness training (see body awarness )
  • 20. When the DNS can be used? •  DNS is equally applicable for the feeble geriatric patient and the elite athlete, for the acute intervertebral disc patient and the chronic neurological disorder patient. •  DNS methods can also benefit infants and adolescents equally •  Once the DNS principles are understood and methods learned, clinicians come to understand that the entire scope of patients available to benefit becomes significantly expanded from previous standards of rehabilitation.
  • 21. Key Publication Kolar P: Facilitation of Agonist Antagonist Co- activation by Reflex Stimulation Methods In: Craig Liebenson: Rehabilitation of the Spine – A Practitioner’s Manual. Lippincott Williams& Wilkins, 2nd edition 2006, pgs.531-565 See our video presentation
  • 22. Do you want to learn more about DNS, which forms the basis for many of your current rehabilitation approaches and complements both manual and exercise therapy? •  Register for an official DNS course !! •  Contact Alena Kobesova, M.D. at: alenamudr@klakson.cz •  www.rehabps.com