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 Prayer
Checking of
attendance
Recall/
Motivation
The Endocrine
System:
Glands and
their
Hormones
Objectives:
Goals/ Objectives
 Describe the general roles of the endocrine
system.
 Identify the glands of the endocrine system.
The Endocrine
System
Hormones
The endocrine glands include the
Functions of the Endocrine Glands
• pituitary gland
• thyroid and parathyroid glands
• thymus gland
• adrenal glands
• pancreas
• reproductive glands
PITUITARY GLANDS
- a small pea-sized
gland that plays a
major role in
regulating vital body
functions and
general wellbeing.
- It is referred to as
the body's 'master
gland’ .
- It is located at the
base of the brain.
Growth Hormones (GH)
• also known as human growth hormone
in its human form, is a peptide hormone
that stimulates growth, cell
reproduction, and cell regeneration in
humans and other animals.
•Dwarfism
and
gigantism
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
• also called corticotropin, which
stimulates the adrenal glands to
produce cortisol and other hormones
• Also controls the production of sex
hormones.
Vasopressin
• It works to control the amount of
water your kidneys reabsorb as they
filter out waste from your blood.
• also known as antidiuretic
hormone
Follicle – Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
regulates the development, growth,
pubertal maturation, and
reproductive processes of the body.
Follicle – Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
For Women
helps control the menstrual cycle and the production of eggs by
the ovaries.
For Men
helps control the production of sperm and the amount of FSH in
men normally remains stable after puberty.
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
is a chemical in your body that triggers
important processes in your reproductive
system. LH spurs ovulation and helps with
the hormone production needed to support
pregnancy. Your provider may order a test to
check your LH levels if you have fertility
issues or irregular menstruation.
Oxytocin
 a peptide hormone and neuropeptide
normally produced in the hypothalamus and
released by the posterior pituitary. It plays a role
in social bonding, reproduction, childbirth, and
the period after childbirth.
 Stimulates contraction of uterus and milk
ducts in the breast
Prolactin
 Initiates and maintains milk production
in breasts
 causes breasts to grow and develop
and causes milk to be made after a
baby is born.
THYROID GLANDS
- A small butterfly-
shaped gland
located below the
voice box.
- Regulates body
metabolism,
and causes
storage of
calcium
Thyroxine (T4)
Calcitonin
PARATHYROID GLANDS
- glands that found
on the surface of
thyroid.
- regulates the
calcium level in the
blood.
- normalizes bone
growth.
- Located in the neck
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
THYMUS GLANDS
- glands that is
responsible for
producing maturing
lymphocytes or
immune cell.
- Located in front of
the heart.
- Enable the body to
produce antibodies.
Thymosin
ADRENAL GLANDS
- A small gland that
makes steroid
hormones,
adrenaline, and
noradrenaline.
- hormones help control
heart rate, blood pressure,
and other important body
functions.
- it is located on the top of
the kidney
Adrenaline
hormones help regulate several
bodily functions including
metabolism, blood pressure and
your body's response to stress.
PANCREAS
• - it is located between the
kidneys.
• Its function is to regulates
blood sugar level on the body.
• It secretes glucagon and
insulin hormone.
• creates natural juices called
pancreatic enzymes to break
down foods
Insulin
-a hormone created by your
pancreas that controls the amount
of glucose in your bloodstream at
any given moment.
- allows body to use glucose for
energy
Glucagon
-produced to maintain glucose
levels in the bloodstream when
fasting and to raise very low
glucose levels.
- responsible for conversion of
glycogen into glucose,
REPRODUCTIVE
GLANDS
•are the main source
of sex hormones.
•the testes in the
male and the ovaries
in the female.
Ovaries
The female reproductive glands
release sex hormones that
regulate egg maturation and
control changes in a female’s
body at puberty.
Testes
The male reproductive glands
release a sex hormone that
regulates sperm production and
control changes in a male’s body
at puberty.
The Endocrine System
Estrogen
-regulates the growth, development, and
physiology of the human reproductive
system.
-an important sex hormone produced
primarily by the ovaries in females
Progesterone
-to prepare the endometrium
(lining of your uterus) for a
fertilized egg to implant and
grow.
Androgen
-they are also responsible for the
development of secondary sexual
characteristics in men, including facial
and body hair growth and voice change.
Androgens also affect bone and muscle
development and metabolism.
Testosterone
-regulate sex drive (libido), bone
mass, fat distribution, muscle
mass and strength, and the
production of red blood cells
and sperm.
Summary
Thank You

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discussion on the endocrine system for science grade10.pptx

  • 3. Objectives: Goals/ Objectives  Describe the general roles of the endocrine system.  Identify the glands of the endocrine system.
  • 6. The endocrine glands include the Functions of the Endocrine Glands • pituitary gland • thyroid and parathyroid glands • thymus gland • adrenal glands • pancreas • reproductive glands
  • 7. PITUITARY GLANDS - a small pea-sized gland that plays a major role in regulating vital body functions and general wellbeing. - It is referred to as the body's 'master gland’ . - It is located at the base of the brain.
  • 8. Growth Hormones (GH) • also known as human growth hormone in its human form, is a peptide hormone that stimulates growth, cell reproduction, and cell regeneration in humans and other animals.
  • 10. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) • also called corticotropin, which stimulates the adrenal glands to produce cortisol and other hormones • Also controls the production of sex hormones.
  • 11. Vasopressin • It works to control the amount of water your kidneys reabsorb as they filter out waste from your blood. • also known as antidiuretic hormone
  • 12. Follicle – Stimulating Hormone (FSH) regulates the development, growth, pubertal maturation, and reproductive processes of the body.
  • 13. Follicle – Stimulating Hormone (FSH) For Women helps control the menstrual cycle and the production of eggs by the ovaries. For Men helps control the production of sperm and the amount of FSH in men normally remains stable after puberty.
  • 14. Luteinizing Hormone (LH) is a chemical in your body that triggers important processes in your reproductive system. LH spurs ovulation and helps with the hormone production needed to support pregnancy. Your provider may order a test to check your LH levels if you have fertility issues or irregular menstruation.
  • 15. Oxytocin  a peptide hormone and neuropeptide normally produced in the hypothalamus and released by the posterior pituitary. It plays a role in social bonding, reproduction, childbirth, and the period after childbirth.  Stimulates contraction of uterus and milk ducts in the breast
  • 16. Prolactin  Initiates and maintains milk production in breasts  causes breasts to grow and develop and causes milk to be made after a baby is born.
  • 17. THYROID GLANDS - A small butterfly- shaped gland located below the voice box. - Regulates body metabolism, and causes storage of calcium
  • 20. PARATHYROID GLANDS - glands that found on the surface of thyroid. - regulates the calcium level in the blood. - normalizes bone growth. - Located in the neck
  • 22. THYMUS GLANDS - glands that is responsible for producing maturing lymphocytes or immune cell. - Located in front of the heart. - Enable the body to produce antibodies.
  • 24. ADRENAL GLANDS - A small gland that makes steroid hormones, adrenaline, and noradrenaline. - hormones help control heart rate, blood pressure, and other important body functions. - it is located on the top of the kidney
  • 25. Adrenaline hormones help regulate several bodily functions including metabolism, blood pressure and your body's response to stress.
  • 26. PANCREAS • - it is located between the kidneys. • Its function is to regulates blood sugar level on the body. • It secretes glucagon and insulin hormone. • creates natural juices called pancreatic enzymes to break down foods
  • 27. Insulin -a hormone created by your pancreas that controls the amount of glucose in your bloodstream at any given moment. - allows body to use glucose for energy
  • 28. Glucagon -produced to maintain glucose levels in the bloodstream when fasting and to raise very low glucose levels. - responsible for conversion of glycogen into glucose,
  • 29. REPRODUCTIVE GLANDS •are the main source of sex hormones. •the testes in the male and the ovaries in the female.
  • 30. Ovaries The female reproductive glands release sex hormones that regulate egg maturation and control changes in a female’s body at puberty. Testes The male reproductive glands release a sex hormone that regulates sperm production and control changes in a male’s body at puberty. The Endocrine System
  • 31. Estrogen -regulates the growth, development, and physiology of the human reproductive system. -an important sex hormone produced primarily by the ovaries in females
  • 32. Progesterone -to prepare the endometrium (lining of your uterus) for a fertilized egg to implant and grow.
  • 33. Androgen -they are also responsible for the development of secondary sexual characteristics in men, including facial and body hair growth and voice change. Androgens also affect bone and muscle development and metabolism.
  • 34. Testosterone -regulate sex drive (libido), bone mass, fat distribution, muscle mass and strength, and the production of red blood cells and sperm.