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5 September
2016
Ensuring the uptake of science
in DRM policy formulation and
implementation.
2
Disaster risk: a growing problem
Exposure is growing
▶ Interconnected economy
▶ Population growth
▶ Urbanisation
Why?
2005-2015 Globally
▶ 700,000 deaths
▶ 1.4 million injured
▶ 23 million homeless
▶ 1.5 billion affected
▶ € 1.2 trillion economic losses
2005 2015
2005-2015 EU
▶ 80,000 deaths
▶ € 95 billion economic losses
5 September
2016
3
3 types of needs
Why?
Challenges in the Use of Science in DRM
Knowledge is
fragmented:
Research results
are not exploited.
Science doesn’t
reach policy and
operations
Science needs
testing to
allow further
developments
and transfer
Networks are
fragmented:
Silos and
Overlapping
initiatives
5 September
2016
4
Union Civil Protection
Mechanism
Article 5.1(a)
“Improve the knowledge base
on disaster risks and facilitate
the sharing of knowledge, best
practices and information,
including among Member States
that share common risks”
Sendai Framework for
Disaster Risk Reduction
2015-2030
Call for stronger role of science and
building risk knowledge
Why DRMKC?
Disaster risk knowledge: policy context
5 September
2016
5
SANTE
Why DRMKC?
5 September
2016
6
DRMKC 3 key pillars
Improving the
use and uptake
of research and
operational
knowledge
Advancing
technologies and
capacities in
disaster risk and
crisis management
Improving
science-based
advice through
networks and
partnerships
What?
5 September
2016
7 7
What?
Action Plan - 6 Objectives
5 September
2016
8
• 24/7 situation awareness at EU level
• Coherent science-based advice
• From MS to MS and EU
• Impact-based early warning
• EU and global operations
• Examples
• Aristotle Project
• EFAS (Floods), EFFIS (Fires) – Copernicus
• Global Informal Tsunami Monitoring System
• Global Flood Partnership
• Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System
How?
1. Hazard Scientific Partnerships
5 September
2016
9
Networks of networks
• Coherent science-based advice for policy
• Disaster risk
• EU (UCPM) and global (Sendai)
• Multi-sectorial, across policies (climate change, flood
directive, solidarity fund, INSPIRE, SEVESO…)
How?
2. Science-policy interface
Examples
• Sendai targets and indicators: drawing from many
networks in EU (deadline 30/11)
• National Risk Assessment
• Disaster Risk Capacities Assessment
• Loss and Damage Data WG
• Disaster Prevention Expert Group
• INFORM Index for Risk Management
5 September
2016
10
How?
3. Pooling of research results
5 September
2016
115 September 2016
How?
Dissemination of Information: DRMKC Website
5 September
2016
12
How?
4. Identification of needs, gaps and dissemination
• In practice
First report in 2017
JRC: editorial team
Lead chapter authors, author teams: call for authors
▶ Systematic analysis of research needs
and gaps
▶ Analysis of state of science
▶ Dissemination
Topical Newsletters
State of Science in Disaster Risk Management (bi-annual)
5 September
2016
13
How?
5. Risk Management Support System
▶ Share best practices among MS
▶ Facilitate the use of existing expertise for
meeting risk management obligations
Topical Newsletters
State of Science in Disaster Risk Management (bi-annual)
• In practice
MS identifies need
Project outline developed together with JRC
Appropriate expertise is found
Project is executed
(Around 10-15 projects in 2016)
5 September
2016
14
How?
5. Risk Management Support System
Risk
Assessment
Disaster
Loss Data
Risk
Management
Capability
assessment
Science-
Policy
Interface
Early
Warning
Share best practices among MS
5 September
2016
15
EU DISASTER LOSS
DATABASE
Recording Disaster
losses (July 2013)
Current status and
best practices
(November 2014)
Guidance for disaster
loss data recording
(April 2015)
How?
The roadmap for harmonized loss data.
Three key documents prepared in consultation with member states
5 September
2016
16
How?
6. Network of Crisis Management Labs
▶ Test crisis management technology and
practices
Experimental approach
Test market ready solutions
Identify needs for further research, industrial
development, or training/awareness
• Examples
JRC European Crisis Management Laboratory:
7 experiments
GDACS Crisis Centre Interoperability Benchmarks
5 September
2016
17
Thank you for your attention!
http://drr.jrc.ec.europa.eu/Loss-Data
http://drmkc.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
5 September
2016

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Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, Brian Doherty

  • 1. 5 September 2016 Ensuring the uptake of science in DRM policy formulation and implementation.
  • 2. 2 Disaster risk: a growing problem Exposure is growing ▶ Interconnected economy ▶ Population growth ▶ Urbanisation Why? 2005-2015 Globally ▶ 700,000 deaths ▶ 1.4 million injured ▶ 23 million homeless ▶ 1.5 billion affected ▶ € 1.2 trillion economic losses 2005 2015 2005-2015 EU ▶ 80,000 deaths ▶ € 95 billion economic losses 5 September 2016
  • 3. 3 3 types of needs Why? Challenges in the Use of Science in DRM Knowledge is fragmented: Research results are not exploited. Science doesn’t reach policy and operations Science needs testing to allow further developments and transfer Networks are fragmented: Silos and Overlapping initiatives 5 September 2016
  • 4. 4 Union Civil Protection Mechanism Article 5.1(a) “Improve the knowledge base on disaster risks and facilitate the sharing of knowledge, best practices and information, including among Member States that share common risks” Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 Call for stronger role of science and building risk knowledge Why DRMKC? Disaster risk knowledge: policy context 5 September 2016
  • 6. 6 DRMKC 3 key pillars Improving the use and uptake of research and operational knowledge Advancing technologies and capacities in disaster risk and crisis management Improving science-based advice through networks and partnerships What? 5 September 2016
  • 7. 7 7 What? Action Plan - 6 Objectives 5 September 2016
  • 8. 8 • 24/7 situation awareness at EU level • Coherent science-based advice • From MS to MS and EU • Impact-based early warning • EU and global operations • Examples • Aristotle Project • EFAS (Floods), EFFIS (Fires) – Copernicus • Global Informal Tsunami Monitoring System • Global Flood Partnership • Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System How? 1. Hazard Scientific Partnerships 5 September 2016
  • 9. 9 Networks of networks • Coherent science-based advice for policy • Disaster risk • EU (UCPM) and global (Sendai) • Multi-sectorial, across policies (climate change, flood directive, solidarity fund, INSPIRE, SEVESO…) How? 2. Science-policy interface Examples • Sendai targets and indicators: drawing from many networks in EU (deadline 30/11) • National Risk Assessment • Disaster Risk Capacities Assessment • Loss and Damage Data WG • Disaster Prevention Expert Group • INFORM Index for Risk Management 5 September 2016
  • 10. 10 How? 3. Pooling of research results 5 September 2016
  • 11. 115 September 2016 How? Dissemination of Information: DRMKC Website 5 September 2016
  • 12. 12 How? 4. Identification of needs, gaps and dissemination • In practice First report in 2017 JRC: editorial team Lead chapter authors, author teams: call for authors ▶ Systematic analysis of research needs and gaps ▶ Analysis of state of science ▶ Dissemination Topical Newsletters State of Science in Disaster Risk Management (bi-annual) 5 September 2016
  • 13. 13 How? 5. Risk Management Support System ▶ Share best practices among MS ▶ Facilitate the use of existing expertise for meeting risk management obligations Topical Newsletters State of Science in Disaster Risk Management (bi-annual) • In practice MS identifies need Project outline developed together with JRC Appropriate expertise is found Project is executed (Around 10-15 projects in 2016) 5 September 2016
  • 14. 14 How? 5. Risk Management Support System Risk Assessment Disaster Loss Data Risk Management Capability assessment Science- Policy Interface Early Warning Share best practices among MS 5 September 2016
  • 15. 15 EU DISASTER LOSS DATABASE Recording Disaster losses (July 2013) Current status and best practices (November 2014) Guidance for disaster loss data recording (April 2015) How? The roadmap for harmonized loss data. Three key documents prepared in consultation with member states 5 September 2016
  • 16. 16 How? 6. Network of Crisis Management Labs ▶ Test crisis management technology and practices Experimental approach Test market ready solutions Identify needs for further research, industrial development, or training/awareness • Examples JRC European Crisis Management Laboratory: 7 experiments GDACS Crisis Centre Interoperability Benchmarks 5 September 2016
  • 17. 17 Thank you for your attention! http://drr.jrc.ec.europa.eu/Loss-Data http://drmkc.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ 5 September 2016

Editor's Notes

  1. Challenges for using science from point of view of EC services and Member States “Science is everywhere” United Nations: Sendai framework, SDG, Climate summit, Humanitarian Summit European Commission: ECHO, CLIMA, ENV, JRC, RTD, HOME Expert forums: OECD, Nordic cooperation Private sector: insurance, reinsurance, public-private partnerships