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DISABILITY RIGHTS,
CONCEPTS & PRACTICES
STATISTICAL DATA
People with serious disabilities are:
 3 x more likely to be victims of crimes.
 13% less likely to get a police response.
 Have a 70% likelihood of giving a false
confession of guilt to a crime.
 Have highest number of complaints for
housing discrimination (53.26% in 2022).
Vera Institute of Justice, (2017); Bureau of Justice Statistics (2018),
National Innocence Project (2023),.and Fair Housing Center for Rights &
Research (2022), respectively.
2
FIVE CORE DISABILITY RIGHTS
1. Be treated with dignity and respect.
2. Equal access without discrimination.
3. Free of bias, prejudice and apathy.
4. Free of abuse, neglect & exploitation.
5. Free from all types of criminal conduct.
3
DISABILITY CONCEPTS & PRACTICES
3
 Priorities are countervailing needs.
 Abilities are what enables success.
 Interests are what creates motivation.
 Laws that affect the person or class.
 Strengths are what empowers success.
Focus must be on using P. A. I. L. S.
APPLICATION OF P.A.I.L.S.
 EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY;
 FULL PARTICIPATION;
 ECONOMIC SELF-SUFFICIENCY
 INDEPENDENT LIVING OPPORTUNITY
5
Successful application of P.A.I.L.S. leads to
successful outcomes of disability policies,
which are:
FOUR TYPES OF DISCRIMINATION
INTENTIONAL DISCRIMINATION
(Engaged in because of protected status)
DISCRIMINATORY ANIMUS
(Protected class or characteristic)
DISPARATE IMPACT
(Adverse effects on person’s class)
BIASED-BASED
(Adverse beliefs about a person or class)
6
SIGNS OF DISCRIMINATION
 Abuse, neglect or exploitation.
 Unequal treatment or targeting a class.
 Ambiguous, arbitrary or vague policies.
 Lack of needed accommodation(s).
 Harassment, bullying, or stereotyping.
 Undue punitive act, policy or procedure.
7
PRIMARY CAUSES OF DISCRIMINATION
8
 Influencers.
(internal or external)
 Beliefs
(personal, cultural or occupational)
 Ego
(personal, position or occupational)
 Practices
(personal, position or occupation)
 Barriers
(visible or invisible)
PRIMARY EFFECTS OF DISCRIMINATION
 Inflicts abuse, neglect or exploitation.
 Endangers life, health, safety or welfare.
 Deprives rights, liberties or privileges.
Everyone in a position of power
is a potential perpetrator.
VULNERABILITY FACTORS
 Higher cost of living expenses;
 Less resources and support systems;
 Limited access to goods and services;
 Reduced housing & employment;
 Specific limitations by disability; and
 Inept city & state government systems.
10

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Disability Rights, Concepts & Practices (Classroom).pptx

  • 2. STATISTICAL DATA People with serious disabilities are:  3 x more likely to be victims of crimes.  13% less likely to get a police response.  Have a 70% likelihood of giving a false confession of guilt to a crime.  Have highest number of complaints for housing discrimination (53.26% in 2022). Vera Institute of Justice, (2017); Bureau of Justice Statistics (2018), National Innocence Project (2023),.and Fair Housing Center for Rights & Research (2022), respectively. 2
  • 3. FIVE CORE DISABILITY RIGHTS 1. Be treated with dignity and respect. 2. Equal access without discrimination. 3. Free of bias, prejudice and apathy. 4. Free of abuse, neglect & exploitation. 5. Free from all types of criminal conduct. 3
  • 4. DISABILITY CONCEPTS & PRACTICES 3  Priorities are countervailing needs.  Abilities are what enables success.  Interests are what creates motivation.  Laws that affect the person or class.  Strengths are what empowers success. Focus must be on using P. A. I. L. S.
  • 5. APPLICATION OF P.A.I.L.S.  EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY;  FULL PARTICIPATION;  ECONOMIC SELF-SUFFICIENCY  INDEPENDENT LIVING OPPORTUNITY 5 Successful application of P.A.I.L.S. leads to successful outcomes of disability policies, which are:
  • 6. FOUR TYPES OF DISCRIMINATION INTENTIONAL DISCRIMINATION (Engaged in because of protected status) DISCRIMINATORY ANIMUS (Protected class or characteristic) DISPARATE IMPACT (Adverse effects on person’s class) BIASED-BASED (Adverse beliefs about a person or class) 6
  • 7. SIGNS OF DISCRIMINATION  Abuse, neglect or exploitation.  Unequal treatment or targeting a class.  Ambiguous, arbitrary or vague policies.  Lack of needed accommodation(s).  Harassment, bullying, or stereotyping.  Undue punitive act, policy or procedure. 7
  • 8. PRIMARY CAUSES OF DISCRIMINATION 8  Influencers. (internal or external)  Beliefs (personal, cultural or occupational)  Ego (personal, position or occupational)  Practices (personal, position or occupation)  Barriers (visible or invisible)
  • 9. PRIMARY EFFECTS OF DISCRIMINATION  Inflicts abuse, neglect or exploitation.  Endangers life, health, safety or welfare.  Deprives rights, liberties or privileges. Everyone in a position of power is a potential perpetrator.
  • 10. VULNERABILITY FACTORS  Higher cost of living expenses;  Less resources and support systems;  Limited access to goods and services;  Reduced housing & employment;  Specific limitations by disability; and  Inept city & state government systems. 10