SlideShare a Scribd company logo
@risj_oxford | #DNR23
Reuters Institute
Digital News Report
2023
More information at
digitalnewsreport.org/2023
2
5
Continents
6
2
Representing half the world’s population
Markets
46
Respondents
93,000
Country Sample Size Population
Internet
Penetration
Europe
UK 2,017 69m 95%
Austria 2,029 9.1m 88%
Belgium 2,025 11.7m 92%
Bulgaria 2,027 6.9m 70%
Croatia 2,024 4m 93%
Czech Republic 2,047 10.7m 87%
Denmark 2,033 5.8m 98%
Finland 2,027 5.6m 94%
France 2,078 66m 92%
Germany 2,002 84m 94%
Greece 2,023 10.3m 79%
Hungary 2,000 9.6m 89%
Ireland 2,035 5m 92%
Italy 2,106 60m 91%
Netherlands 2,022 17.2m 95%
Norway 2,022 5.5m 98%
Country Sample Size Population
Internet
Penetration
Poland 2,030 38m 92%
Portugal 2,010 10.1m 88%
Romania 2,007 19m 78%
Slovakia 2,093 5.5m 90%
Spain 2,031 47m 93%
Sweden 2,064 10.2m 97%
Switzerland 2,037 8.8m 96%
Turkey 2,016 86m 85%
Americas
USA 2,081 331m 90%
Argentina 2,014 46m 91%
Brazil 2,047 215m 83%
Canada 2,150 38m 94%
Chile 2,013 19m 97%
Colombia 2,036 52m 83%
Mexico 2,029 132m 67%
Peru 2,010 34m 87%
Country Sample Size Population
Internet
Penetration
Asia Pacific
Australia 2,025 26m 90%
Hong Kong 2,023 7.6m 92%
India 2,016 1,414m 60%
Indonesia 2,012 278m 76%
Japan 2,009 127m 93%
Malaysia 2,015 33m 94%
Philippines 2,284 112m 91%
Singapore 2,025 5.9m 92%
South Korea 2,003 51m 97%
Taiwan 2,037 24m 95%
Thailand 2,028 70m 88%
Africa
Kenya 2,025 56m 85%
Nigeria 2,025 211m 73%
South Africa 2,013 60m 58%
Polling by Supported by
Online poll conducted between Jan to early Feb 2023
3
Spanish translation by
@risj_oxford | #DNR23
Overview and
Key Findings
32%
22%
23%
30%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Direct access to websites apps Social media access
Social access vs. direct access preference over time
In aggregate terms, social overtook direct traffic in 2021. Though there are huge differences
between countries. Nordics still have very strong direct traffic, Lat Am and some Asia countries
less so.
5
All Countries 2018-2023
Q10a_new2017_rc. Which of these was the **MAIN** way in which you came across news in the last week? Base 2023; All: 86120
NOTE: number of markets grew from 36 in 2018 to 46 in 2021 onwards
Other gateways
All markets, 2023 (change from 2018)
Search 25%
+1%
9%
Mobile alerts+3%
8%
Aggregators +2%
5%
Email -1%
Some countries are in a much better space …
6
Mostly direct
Country Direct Social Search + Aggregators
Finland 63% 13% 17%
Norway 59% 12% 20%
Denmark 50% 16% 18%
Sweden 48% 10% 25%
Country Direct Social Search +Aggregators
Thailand 7% 64% 23%
Philippines 8% 53% 25%
Chile 13% 52% 21%
Peru 10% 49% 26%
Mostly social Deeply aggregated
Country Direct Social Search +Aggregators
South Korea 6% 18% 66%
Japan 12% 10% 65%
Taiwan 11% 14% 50%
India 12% 28% 43%
Q10a_new2017. Which of these was the main way in which you came across news in the last week?
Base: All who used a news gateway in the last week in each market ≈ 2000.0
% Starting news journey with news website or app
Gen Z are losing direct connection with news websites and apps
7
Gap opening
up between
18-24 & the rest
53%
24%
52%
52%
15%
25%
35%
45%
55%
65%
75%
2016 2017 2018 2022
2015 2019 2020 2021
Q10. Thinking about how you got news online (via computer, mobile, or any device) in the last week, which were the ways in which you came
across news stories? Base: 2018–22; 18–24 ≈ 200, 25–34 ≈ 300, 35+ ≈ 1500.
2023
CORONAVIRU
S EFFECT
Facebook & Twitter vs new messaging platforms 2014-2023
Weekly use for any purpose, 18-24s, Selected markets
8
Q12A. Which, if any, of the following have you used in the last week for any purpose? Please select all that apply
Base 2023: 24591 ‘Main’ 12 market average: UK, USA, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Ireland, Denmark, Finland, Australia, Brazil & Japan
NOTE:10 market average for 2014 exl Australia & Ireland
72%
38%
33%
21%
60%
30%
54%
5%
38%
27%
35%
5%
14%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Facebook Twitter Instagram WhatsApp TikTok Snapchat Telegram
18-24 cliff edge started in 2018 which is when
Instagram and Tik Tok started to grow
Social networks and message apps –
weekly use for news selected markets
Facebook has become less influential for news.
Video led networks such as YouTube, Instagram and TikTok are more important
9
Q12B. Which, if any, of the following have you used for news in the last week? Please select all that apply
Base: 24591 ‘Main’ 12 market average: UK, USA, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Ireland, Denmark, Finland, Australia, Brazil & Japan. NOTE: 10 market average for 2014 exl Australia & Ireland
36%
42%
28%
9%
11%
6%
6%
2%
14%
1% 2%
7%
16%
16%
20%
1%
6%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
45%
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Facebook Twitter FB Messenger Instagram Snapchat WhatsApp YouTube TikTok
Weekly TikTok usage for news across countries
Darker colours represent higher levels of audience usage of TikTok for news.
Grey indicates countries not covered or TikTok not operating
10
Q12B. Which, if any, of the following have you used for news in the last week? Base: Total sample
in each market ≈ 2000. Note: TikTok has been banned in India and does not operate in Hong Kong.
TikTok resonates most with 18-24s
Countries with highest and lowest TikTok use
11
Q12B. Which, if any, of the following have you used for news in the last week? Base: Total sample
in each market ≈ 2000. Note: TikTok has been banned in India and does not operate in Hong Kong.
55%
43% 42% 42%
36%
33%
39%
27%
30% 31% 30% 31%
43%
24%
26%
25% 25% 25%
43%
38%
45%
52%
55% 55%
34%
37%
29%
33%
35%
44%
Where do we pay most attention
when it comes to news on social platforms?
12
Mainstream news
Ordinary people
Personalities
Mainstream news
Ordinary people
Personalities
Mainstream news
Ordinary people
Personalities
Mainstream news
Ordinary people
Personalities
Mainstream
news
Ordinary people
Personalities
Mainstream news
Ordinary people
Personalities
Twitter Facebook YouTube Instagram Snapchat TikTok
Mainstream news outlets/mainstream journalists Smaller or alternative news sources Politicians/political activists
Personalities (incl. celebrities and influencers) Ordinary people
Q12_Social_sources. You said that you use <social network> for news … When it comes to news on <social network>, which of these sources do you generally pay most
attention to? Please select all that apply. Base: Randomly selected news users of Facebook = 24,711, Twitter = 6046, YouTube = 16,543, Instagram = 8023, Snapchat = 932,
TikTok = 4322.
59%
46% 45%
38%
27%
36%
32%
28%
32%
24%
27%
24%
37% 38%
35%
24%
31%
34%
45%
35%
39%
35%
31%
33%
37%
35% 36% 37%
28%
33%
35%
26%
24%
31% 31% 33%
38%
40%
35%
42%
38%
46%
National politics War in Ukraine Health Business & economics Climate Social Justice Fun news (news makes me laugh)
What subjects do we pay most attention to
when it comes to news on social platforms?
Across all markets, National politics is the most important topic
for Twitter news users, followed Business and economics news
13
Twitter Facebook YouTube Instagram Snapchat TikTok
Q12_Social_subjects. You said that you use <social network> for news … When it comes to news on <social network>, what types of content do you mostly pay
attention to? Please select all that apply. Base: Randomly selected news users of Facebook = 24,711, Twitter = 6046, YouTube = 16,543, Instagram = 8023, Snapchat =
932, TikTok = 4322.
Proportion who agree that ‘having stories selected
on the basis of what I have consumed in the past’
is a good way to get news
14
Q10D_2016a_2. To what extent do you agree with the following statement? Having stories automatically selected for me on the
basis of what I have consumed in the past is a good way to get news. Base: U-35s/35+ in each year in USA ≈ 603/1478.
Proportion who agree that ‘having stories selected
on the basis of what I have consumed in the past’
is a good way to get news
15
Q10D_2016a_2. To what extent do you agree with the following statement? Having stories automatically selected for me on the basis of what I have consumed in the past is a good
way to get news. Base: U-35s/35+ in each year in UK ≈ 449/1658.
Worried about missing out?
All markets
16
48% worry about missing
out on important information
46% worry about missing
out on challenging viewpoints
17% don’t worry, 35% neutral 17% don’t worry, 37% neutral
Q10D_2016b_1/2. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. I worry that more personalised news may mean that I miss out on important information/
challenging viewpoints. Base: Total samples in 2016 = 53,330, 2023 = 53,039. Note: Questions asked in USA, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Ireland, Norway, Sweden,
Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, Greece, Turkey, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Canada, Brazil.
Proportion that say they are
trying to achieve each
when changing what they
see on online platforms
17
Q2_Algorithms_2023. You said that you try to change what news and information you see on online platforms. What are you trying to achieve? Please select all that apply. Base:
All those that tried to change what news they see via algorithms in UK = 910, USA = 1205, Germany = 996.
Proportion that share a news story on social media in an average
week (2015–2023)
18
Q13. During an average week in which, if any, of the following ways do you share or participate in news coverage? Please select all that apply. Base: Total sample in each country-
year ≈ 2000.
Profile of active participators – all markets
19
Q13. During an average week in which, if any, of the following ways do you share or participate in news coverage? Please select all that apply. Base: Total sample in each country-
year ≈ 2000.
Proportion concerned about what is real vs. fake online
Platform changes don’t seem to be lessening fears about misinformation
20
Q_FAKE_NEWS_1. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statement. Thinking about online news, I am concerned about what is
real and what is fake on the internet. Base: Total sample in Africa = 6063, North America = 4231, Latin America = 12,149, Asia-Pacific = 22,477,
Europe = 48,975.
Misinformation about COVID-19, politics still widespread
Proportion that say they saw misinformation about each in the past week
21
Q_FAKE_NEWS_2021a. Have you seen false or misleading information about any of the following topics, in the last week? Please select all that
apply. Base: Total sample in each country ≈ 2000.
-3pp
-4pp
+4pp
-4pp
39%
33%
22%
21% 21%
19%
17% 17%
15% 15%
14% 14%
13%
12%
11% 11% 11% 11%
9% 9%
NOR SWE AUS FIN USA DEN SUI NLD BEL IRE POL AUT ESP ITA CAN GER POR FRA JPN UK
Payment for online news may be levelling off?
Increases in Australia for second year in a row but some falls in Belgium, Canada and Germany
22
pay of online news,
average of 20 markets
17%
Q7a. Have you paid for ONLINE news content, or accessed a paid for ONLINE news service in the last year ?
(This could be digital subscription, combined digital/print subscription or one off payment for an article or app or e-edition) Base = 2000 in
each market
9%
21%
7%
9%
11%
11%
8%
10%
17%
27%
39%
20%
33%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
45%
50%
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Paying for online news over time
Paying for news services in the US is back to 2021 levels, in other markets this continues to be
stable.
23
United States
France
United Kingdom
Switzerland
2. More/tighter
paywalls
Germany
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
1. Pivot to paid
content
Q7a. Have you paid for ONLINE news content, or accessed a paid for ONLINE news service in the last year ?
(This could be a digital subscription, combined digital/print subscription or one off payment for an article or app or e-edition)
Base: 2023, USA: 2081, UK: 2107, Germany: 2002, France: 2078, Spain: 2031, Japan: 2009, Switzerland: 2037, Norway: 2022, Sweden: 2034.
Norway
Sweden
3. Coronavirus
bumps in some
countries
4. Mixed picture, some
increase, some decline
Winner takes most story persists (largely)
Profile of ongoing online news subscribers – selected countries
24
Q7_SUBS_name_2022. You said you have paid a subscription/membership to a digital news service in the last year… Which of the following did you subscribe to?
Please select all that apply. Base: All that paid for an ongoing subscription/membership to a digital news service in the last year: Range: Germany = 143 to
Sweden = 431.
Country Top national titles % Paying Median number
of subscriptions
% of these
who subscribe to
regional/local titles
% of these
who subscribe
to foreign titles
Norway VG, Aftenposten, Dagbladet 39 1 50 4
Sweden Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Expressen 33 1 40 6
Australia Australian, Guardian Australia, Herald Sun, SMH 22 2 54 11
US New York Times, Washington Post 21 2 19 22
Finland Helsingin Sanomat, Iltalehti Plus 21 1 40 3
Denmark Berlingske, Politiken, Ekstrabladet 19 1 19 4
Switzerland Tages-Anzeiger, NZZ 17 1 43 15
Netherlands De Telegraaf, AD, Volkskrant 17 1 53 3
Belgium Het Laatste Nieuws, Le Soir, De Morgen 15 1 20 4
Ireland Irish Times, Irish Independent, New York Times 15 1 6 48
Austria Die Presse, Kronen Zeitung, Der Standard 14 1 15 6
Spain El Pais, El Mundo, La Vanguardia, Marca 13 2 9 6
Italy Corriere della Sera, La Repubblica 12 1 17 8
Canada Globe & Mail, Toronto Star, New York Times 11 1 12 39
Germany Bild, Die Welt, Der Spiegel, FAZ, SZ 11 1 25 11
Portugal Público, Expresso, Correio da Manhã, Observador 11 1 8 10
France Le Monde, Le Figaro, Mediapart 11 2 19 5
Japan Nikkei, Asahi Shimbun Digital 9 1 n/a n/a
UK Telegraph, Times of London, Guardian 9 1 10 4
Proportion of ongoing news subscribers that have done each in
the last year – selected countries
25
Q2_Pay_2023_sub. Still thinking about paying for online news ... and thinking specifically about ongoing online news subscriptions ... which, if any,
of the following have you done in the last year? Please select all that apply. Base: Ongoing online news subscribers in Germany = 155, USA = 382,
UK = 155.
Reasons for subscribing to a news publication by country
Higher quality content is a bigger factor in the US because the free sources are not always as
good (e.g. high quality public service news) so identification with brand, political affiliation
matters more in the UK
26
65%
38%
47%
16%
48%
29%
44%
21%
44%
30%
30%
16%
Better quality or distinctive content
Help fund good journalism
Identification with brand/ journalists
Features and games
USA UK Germany
Brand and political identity a big
factor in UK subs market (and US)
Quality content is a big factor in the
US market as free sources have often
relied on clickbait/sensation
Q1_Pay_2023. You said that you have paid for access to online news in the last year ... What are the most important reasons for
this? Please select all that apply. Base: Ongoing online news subscribers in Germany = 155, USA = 382, UK = 155.
What might persuade non payers to pay for online news?
Lower price and greater convenience look the most likely options, but nothing would persuade
many…
27
MORE VALUABLE
CONTENT
AD-FREE CHEAPER/FLEXIBLE NOTHING
32%
22% 42%
13%
Especially younger and
more interested groups
Especially younger and
more interested groups
Especially older and
less interested
groups
65% UK
54%
Germany
49% USA
Q4_Pay_2023. You say you don’t currently subscribe or donate to an online newspaper or other news service. Which of the following, if any, would
most encourage you to pay? Please select all that apply. Base: Those that don’t subscribe to online news in USA, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain,
Portugal, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Poland, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and Canada
= 33,460.
Proportion that say they pay a lot of attention for news about
finances/economy – average of selected markets
28
Q2_Finance_2023m. Thinking about news or information related to your personal finances and/or the wider economy ... which of the following
sources, if any, do you pay a lot of attention to? Please select all that apply. Base: Total sample/U35s in all markets except Malaysia, Chile, Mexico,
South Africa, Kenya, Philippines, Colombia, Indonesia, Nigeria, Peru, and Thailand = 71,405/18,398.
In some countries, trusted experts play a big role in informing the
public
Proportion of those that pay attention to experts on finance who name each of the following
29
Finance_Open_2023. You say that you pay a lot of attention to experts with an independent public profile (e.g. their own social
channels or TV shows) for news or information related to your personal finances and the wider economy. Who do you pay attention to?
Base: All that say they
pay attention to experts in UK = 510, USA = 425, France = 349. Note: Open-ended question. Respondents could type in up to three
Profile of those that find news about finance and the economy
difficult to understand – all markets
30
Q3_Finance_2023_1. How easy or difficult do you find it to understand news about finance and the economy? Education. What is your highest level of education? Income. What is your
gross household income? Base: Total sample = 67,344, Men/Women = 32,711/34,633, Low/Medium/High education = 12,671/29,722/24,951, Low/Medium/High household income =
15,343/26,649/16,470 in all markets except Malaysia, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Mexico, South Africa, Kenya, Philippines, Colombia, Indonesia, Nigeria, Peru, and Thailand.
77%
43%
0%
25%
50%
75%
100%
2017 2019 2021 2023
Argentina
59%
36%
2015 2017 2019 2021 2023
France
85%
51%
2015 2017 2019 2021 2023
Spain
67%
49%
2015 2017 2019 2021 2023
US
70%
43%
2015 2017 2019 2021 2023
UK
Selected countries with largest falls
-34pp
-23pp
-34pp
-18pp -27pp
Decline in interest in the news in some countries, but not all
31
Q1c. How interested, if at all, would you say you are in news? Net: Extremely/Very
Base 2023; Spain: 2031, Italy: 2106, UK: 2107, Brazil: 2047, Germany: 2002, Finland: 2027, Czech Republic: 2047, Netherlands: 2022
41% 38%
2016 2018 2020 2022
74%
52%
0%
25%
50%
75%
100%
2015 2017 2019 2021 2023
64%
54%
2015 2017 2019 2021 2023
57%
51%
2015 2017 2019 2021 2023
64% 65%
2015 2017 2019 2021 2023
Selected countries with more stable
levels
-22pp -10pp
-3pp
-6pp
+1pp
South Korea
Germany Austria Netherlands Finland
Proportion that say they sometimes or often actively try to avoid
the news (2017–2023) – all markets
32
Q1di_2017. Do you find yourself actively trying to avoid news these days? Showing code for often or sometimes and never
Base 2023: Global: 93895 NOTE: Number of markets grew from 36 in 2018 to 46 in 2021 onwards
Different ways of avoiding news…
33
Q. Avoidance behaviours You said that you try to actively avoid news. Which of the following, if any, do you do?
Please select all that apply. Base: all those that avoid sometimes or often = 33469
32%
of avoiders
e.g. topics that
bring down mood
or increase anxiety
3. Avoiding some topics
53%
of avoiders
e.g. scrolling past news,
changing channels
when news comes on
1. Avoiding most sources
52%
of avoiders
e.g. limit to certain
times of day, turning
off notifications, etc.
2. Checking less often
Periodic Avoidance: Specific Avoidance:
Linked to low interest
in news & politics
Linked to overload/self care from those who are
interested in news and politics
75%
60%
52% 50% 48% 47%
40%
37% 35% 35%
32%
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
Finland Czech Rep Germany Slovakia Bulgaria Hungary UK Romania Poland Turkey USA
AVERAGE 39%
Markets close to Ukraine are more likely
to avoid news on the war
It could be that people feel well enough informed/volume of coverage rather than lack of
interest.
Proportion of avoiders that say they avoid news about the war in Ukraine - selected markets:
34
Q Avoidance_topics_2023. Which of the following news topics are you trying to avoid? Base 2023 Those who avoid news sometimes or often; All =10840
UK: 260, US: 231, Germany: 210, Poland: 320, Czech Republic: 243, Hungary: 228, ; Romania: 226, Slovakia: 226; Bulgaria: 360, Turkey: 292
Proportion of news avoiders that say they avoid news about each
topic – USA and Finland
35
Q Avoidance_topics_2023. Which of the following news topics are you trying to avoid? Base 2023 Those who avoid news sometimes or often; All =10840
UK: 260, US: 231, Germany: 210, Poland: 320, Czech Republic: 243, Hungary: 228, ; Romania: 226, Slovakia: 226; Bulgaria: 360, Turkey: 292
Proportion of news avoiders that say they avoid news about each
topic, by political orientation – USA
36
Q Avoidance_topics_2023. Which of the following news topics are you trying to avoid? Base: Those who sometimes or often avoid news and avoid
specific news topics on the Left = 103, Right = 76. Note: Differences of less than +/-10pp should be treated with caution due to small base sizes.
55%
46%
39% 38% 37%
35%
0%
20%
40%
60%
Positive Solutions Explainers News about people like
me
Investigative Big stories of the day
Much less
interested in the
latest details on big
stories than general
What approaches might help
with news avoidance across markets?
Avoiders are most interested in positive news and stories that offer solutions,
least interested latest developments on big stories
37
News_interest_2023 How interested are you, if at all, in the following types of news?
Net: Interested Base: Those who avoid the news sometimes or often: Global: 22467
33%
47%
50%
53%
57%
69%
UK
Ireland
Sweden
Norway
Denmark
Finland
Northern
Europe
Western
Europe
30%
38%
42%
43%
44%
57%
France
Austria
Switzerland
Germany
Belgium
Netherlan…
19%
33%
34%
34%
35%
58%
Greece
Spain
Italy
Croatia
Turkey
Portugal
Southern
Europe
Eastern
Europe
25%
27%
28%
30%
32%
42%
Hungary
Slovakia
Bulgaria
Czech Rep.
Romania
Poland
28%
28%
38%
38%
39%
39%
40%
42%
43%
45%
51%
Taiwan
South Korea
Philippines
India
Indonesia
Hong Kong
Malaysia
Japan
Australia
Singapore
Thailand
Asia
Pacific
Africa
30%
33%
35%
35%
36%
43%
Argentina
Peru
Colombia
Chile
Mexico
Brazil
Latin
America
North
America
57%
57%
63%
Nigeria
South Africa
Kenya
Proportion that trusts most news most of the time
Trust is down in 15 markets, up in only 3
38
32%
40%
United…
Canada
-5
-3
-7
-7
-4
-3
-3
-4
-8
-7
-4
-4
+4
-3
-5
-5
-8
+6
HIGHEST
LOWEST
Q6_2016_1. Thinking about news in general , do you agree or disagree with the following statements? - I think you can trust most news most
of the time
Base: Total sample in each country(n≈2000)
+6
Proportion that trusts most news most of the time
(2015–2023) – Selected countries
39
Q6_2016_1. Thinking about news in general, do you agree or disagree with the following statements? – I think you can trust most news most of the time.
Base: Total sample in each country-year ≈ 2000. Finland in 2015 = 1509.
Exposure to media criticism and low trust may be linked
40
Q1_Criticism_2023. How often, if at all, do you see or hear people criticising journalists or the news media in <market>? Q6_2016_1. Thinking about news in general, do you agree
or disagree with the following statements? – I think you can trust most news most of the time. Base: Total sample in each market ≈ 2000.
Proportion that say public service media are important to them
personally – Selected countries
41
Q1_PSM_2023g_1. ‘How important, or not, are publicly funded news services such as <brand> to you personally? Base: Total sample in each country ≈ 2000.
Proportion that say public service media are important – UK and
Germany
42
Q1_PSM_2023g_1/2. ‘How important, or not, are publicly funded news services such as <brand> to you personally/to society?
Base: 18–24s/25–34s/35–44s/45–54s/55+ in UK = 198/251/327/334/997 and Germany = 184/305/301/375/847.
Most prefer to read rather than watch
but there are differences across markets
Respondents in the Philippines say they prefer to watch rather than read. It’s very different in
Finland.
Across markets, under 35s are ore more likely to listen than older groups but still prefer reading
to watching.
43
57%
36% 39%
49%
76% 78% 81%
30%
52% 40%
33%
16% 15% 12%
13% 12%
21% 18%
9% 7% 6%
All Philippines India France Norway United Kingdom Finland
Prefer to read Prefer to watch Prefer to listen
17% of
U35s
prefer to
listen
OPTQ11D_2020_rb. In thinking about your online habits around news and current affairs, which of the following statements applies best to you?
Please select one. Base Global (exl DKs): 83132; U35: 25036; 35+: 58096
63%
18% 19%
71%
16% 13%
82%
13% 4%
81%
14% 6%
81%
14% 5%
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
Prefer to read Prefer to watch Prefer to listen
18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55+
5x more likely to
prefer to listen cf 55+
Less likely to read
More likely to watch
Young are more likely to choose watching
or listening, compared with older groups
44
OPTQ11D_2020_rb. In thinking about your online habits around news and current affairs, which of the following statements applies best to you?
Please select one. Base UK= 1740 (excl DKs)
Correlation between watching online news video and
preference for watching news online – all markets
45
Q11_VIDEO_2018a. Thinking about when you used online news-related video (a short clip, a live stream, or a full episode) over the last week,
which of the following did you do? OPTQ11D. In thinking about your online habits around news and current affairs, which of the following statements
applies best to you? Base: Total sample in each market ≈ 2000.
Proportion that watched online news video on each in the last
week – all markets
46
Q11_VIDEO_2018a. Thinking about when you used online news-related video (a short clip, a live stream, or a full episode) over the last week, which of the following
did you do? Please select all that apply. Base: 18–24s = 11,192, 25–34s = 16,918, 35+ = 65,785.
66%
79%
31%
23%
2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Video via social Video via News Websites
Social vs websites over time – 18-24s video consumption
Younger audiences rarely consume news video now via news websites or apps.
In the last week, proportion of respondents who consumed online news video via:
47
Q11_VIDEO_2018a. Thinking about when you used online news-related video (a short clip, a live stream, or a full episode) over the last week, which of the following
did you do? Please select all that apply.. Base: All Global: 93895; 18-24: 11192. Midpoint used for 2022 as question not asked
Gap is another sign of
weakening connection
with news websites
Monthly podcasts over time
On average podcasts consumed monthly have grown from around a quarter to about a third
(34%),
but news podcasts have grown more slowly despite a big increase in supply.
48
28%
34%
10%
12%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
1 2 3 4 5
Any podcast News podcast
Different types of podcast (2023)
20 countries aggregated over time 2019-23
56% 53%
41%
30%
19%
0%
20%
40%
60%
18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55+
Younger age profile
Q11F_2018. A podcast is an episodic series of digital audio files, which you can download, subscribe or listen to. Which of the following types of podcast have you
listened to in the last month? Base: 2023; UK: 2107, USA: 2081, Germany: 2002, France: 2078, Italy: 2106, Spain: 2031, Ireland: 2035, Norway: 2022, Sweden: 2034,
Finland: 2027, Denmark: Belgium: 2025, Netherlands: 2,022, Switzerland: 2037, Austria: 2029, Japan: 2009, Singapore: 2025, Australia: 2025, Canada: 2150, Argentina:
2014.
@risj_oxford | #DNR23
Further Analysis
and International
Comparison
@risj_oxford | #DNR23
Attitudes to
Algorithms
and their Impact
on News
Proportion that agree that each is a good way to get news –
average of selected countries
51
Q10D_2016a_1/2/3. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. Having stories selected for me by editors and journalists/automatically selected for me on the basis of what
I have consumed in the past/automatically selected for me on the basis of what my friends have consumed is a good way to get news. Base: Total samples in 2016 = 53,330, 2023 = 53,039. Note:
Questions asked in USA, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, Greece, Turkey,
Japan, South Korea, Australia, Canada, Brazil.
Proportion that agree that each is a good way to get news (2016–
2023) – selected countries
52
Q10D_2016a_1/2/3. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. Having stories selected for me by editors and journalists/automatically selected for me on the basis of
what I have consumed in the past/automatically selected for me on the basis of what my friends have consumed is a good way to get news. Base: Total sample in each country-year ≈ 2000.
Proportion that agree that each is a good way to get news (by
interest and trust in news) – average of selected countries
53
Q10D_2016a_1/2/3. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. Having stories selected for me by editors and journalists/automatically selected for me on the basis of what I have
consumed in the past/automatically selected for me on the basis of what my friends have consumed is a good way to get news. Q1c. How interested, if at all, would you say you are in news? Q6_2016_1. Please
indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. I think you can trust most news most of the time. Base: Not at all/Not very/Somewhat/Very/Extremely interested = 1,767/4,875/19,602/17,966/8,053,
Strongly disagree/Tend to disagree/Neither/Tend to agree/Strongly agree they trust most news most of the time = 4,724/10,364/16,047/18,932/2,972. Note: Questions asked in USA, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain,
Portugal, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, Greece, Turkey, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Canada, Brazil.
Proportion that agree that each is a good way to get news (by
main way of getting news online) – average of selected countries
54
Q10D_2016a_1/2/3. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. Having stories selected for me by editors and journalists/automatically selected for me on the basis of what I have consumed in the
past/automatically selected for me on the basis of what my friends have consumed is a good way to get news. Q10a_new2017_rc. Which of these was the main way in which you came across news in the last week? Base: Those
that say their main way of getting news online was via algorithmically driven platform = 18,806, going direct to news websites/apps = 13,251. Note: Questions asked in USA, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Ireland,
Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, Greece, Turkey, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Canada, Brazil.
Proportion that agree they are worried about each
(2016–2023) – average of selected countries
55
Q10D_2016b_1/2. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. I worry that more personalised news may mean that I miss out on important information/ challenging viewpoints. Base: Total samples
in 2016 = 53,330, 2023 = 53,039. Note: Questions asked in USA, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic,
Poland, Greece, Turkey, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Canada, Brazil.
@risj_oxford | #DNR23
Unpacking News
Participation
and Online
Engagement
over Time
Proportion in each news participation segment
(2018–2023) – all markets
57
Q13. During an average week in which, if any, of the following ways do you share or participate in news coverage? Please select all that apply. Base: Total sample in each market-year ≈ 2000.
Note: Number of markets grew from 36 in 2018 to 46 from 2021 onwards. Markets listed in online methodology.
Proportion in each news participation segment – all markets
58
Q13. During an average week in which, if any, of the following ways do you share or participate in news coverage? Please select all that apply. Base: Total sample in each market ≈ 2000.
Proportion that have a negative experience engaging with news
online (by political leaning) – selected markets
59
Q1_Participation_2023. How positive or negative is your experience of engagement with news online or on social media (e.g. reading or posting comments, talking to people about news, etc.)? Q1F. Some people talk
about ‘left’, ‘right’, and ‘centre’ to describe parties and politicians. With this in mind, where would you place yourself on the following scale? Base: Left/Right in India = 490/249, Brazil = 492/529, Germany = 237/127, US
= 535/447, UK = 409/274.
Proportion with negative online news experiences that
are trying to achieve each when changing what they
see on online platforms – average of selected markets
60
Q2_Algorithms_2023. You said that you try to change what news and information you see on online platforms. What are you trying to achieve? Please select all that apply. Q1_Participation_2023.
How positive or negative is your experience of engagement with news online or on social media (e.g. reading or posting comments, talking to people about news, etc.)? Base: Those with negative online news
experiences who try to change what they see via their algorithm = 1994. Note: Question asked in USA, UK, Germany, Spain, Belgium, Netherlands, Turkey, Japan, South Korea, Hong Kong, and Brazil.
Correlation between proportion who feel they must
be careful when talking about politics online and
proportion of active participators – all markets
61
Q2_Participation_2023. When talking about politics with people online (e.g. via social networks or messaging groups), how careful do you feel you have to be with what you say? Q13. During an
average week in which, if any, of the following ways do you share or participate in news coverage? Please select all that apply. Base: Total sample in each market ≈ 2000.
@risj_oxford | #DNR23
Sources and
Drivers
of News Media
Criticism
Proportion that quite often or very often hear people criticising
journalists or the news media – all markets
63
Q1_Criticism_2023. How often, if at all, do you see or hear people criticising journalists or the news media in <country>? Base: Total sample in each market ≈ 2000.
Proportion of those that have heard people
criticising journalists or the news media that have
heard criticism from each – all markets
64
Q2_Criticism_2023. Which of the following, if any, have you seen or heard criticising journalists or the news media in your country in the last year? Please select all that apply. Q1_Criticism_2023.
How often, if at all, do you see or hear people criticising journalists or the news media in <country>? Base: Those who quite often or very often hear criticism of journalists or the news media = 77,363.
Proportion of those that have heard
people criticising journalists or the
news media that have heard criticism
from politicians or political activists –
selected markets
65
Q2_Criticism_2023. Which of the following, if any, have you seen or heard criticising journalists or the news media in your country in the last year? Please select all that apply. Q1_Criticism_2023. How often, if at all, do you see
or hear people criticising journalists or the news media in <country>? Base: Those who quite often or very often hear criticism of journalists or the news media ranging from Philippines = 2073 to Denmark = 1412.
Proportion of those that have heard people criticising journalists
or the news media that have heard criticism from each – average
of selected markets
66
Q3_Criticism_2023. Where do you mainly see or hear criticism of journalists or the news media in <market>? Please select all that apply. Q1_Criticism_2023. How often, if at all, do you see or
hear people criticising journalists or the news media in <market>? Base: Those who quite often or very often hear criticism of journalists or the news media aged 18–24 = 1,827, 25–34 = 3,039, 35–44 =
3,234, 45–54 = 3,345, 55+ = 7,948. Note: Question asked in USA, UK, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, Slovakia, Croatia, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore.
@risj_oxford | #DNR23
The Importance
of Public Service
Media for
Individuals and
for Society
Difference between proportion that think public service media news
is important vs. unimportant – selected countries
68
19Q1_PSM_2023g_1/2. How important, or not, are publicly funded news services such as <brand> to you personally/for society? Base: Total sample in each country ≈ 2000.
Proportion that think public service media news is important –
selected countries
69
Q1_PSM_2023g_1/2. How important, or not, are publicly funded news services such as <brand> to you personally/for society? Base: Total sample in each country ≈ 2000.
Proportion that say public service media news is important by
frequency of public service media news use – selected countries
70
21Q1_PSM_2023g_1/2. How important, or not, are publicly funded news services such as <brand> to you personally/for society? Q5AI/BI. You said you have used the following brands to access news offline/online in the last
week ... Which of these, if any, did you use on 3 days or more? Please select all that apply. Base: Those that used public service media news Not at all/Once or twice a week/Three times or more a week in Finland =
615/266/1,146, Japan = 1,098/194/717, Spain = 1,455/206/307, UK = 681/224/1,202.
Predicted effect of age on likelihood of thinking
public service media news is important for society –
selected countries
71
Note: Predictions based on binomial logistic regression model. Variables included are age, political leaning, education, and public service media use. Data from total samples in Finland, Japan, Spain,
and the UK are pooled with fixed effects for country. Shaded areas show 95% confidence intervals
Proportion that used a print brand online or
offline in the last week by perceived importance
of public service media news – selected countries
72
Q5A/B. Which of the following brands have you used to access news offline/online in the last week? Please select all that apply. Q1_PSM_2023g_1/2. How important, or not, are publicly funded news
services such as <brand> to you personally/for society? Base: Neither or Unimportant/Important for me in Finland = 563/1,430, Japan = 1,311/622, Spain = 1,139/842, UK = 1,004/1,009 and Neither or Unimportant/
Important for society in Finland = 384/1,607, Japan = 1,277/649, Spain = 1,024/945, UK = 843/11,57.
@risj_oxford | #DNR23
News Podcasts:
Who is Listening
and What
Formats are
Working?
Proportion that listened to a podcast in the last month (2018–
2023) – selected markets
74
MARKETSQ11F_2018. A podcast is an episodic series of digital audio files, which you can download, subscribe, or listen to. Which of the following types of podcast have you listened to in the last month? Please select all that
apply. Base: Total sample in each country-year ≈ 2000. Note: Question asked in UK, USA, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Japan, Singapore,
Australia, Canada, and Argentina (since 2019).
Profile of those that listened to a podcast in the last month –
average of selected countries
75
COUNTRIESQ11F_2018. A podcast is an episodic series of digital audio files, which you can download, subscribe or listen to. Which of the following types of podcast have you listened to in the last month? Base: Men/Women =
23,689/25,286, 18–24s/25–34s/35–44s/45–54s/55+: 4844/7853/8369/ 8305/19,604, Low/Medium/High/Degree education 10,301/20,755/17,919/13,485, Low/Medium/High income = 11,235/19,134/11,133. Note: Question
asked in UK, USA, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Japan, Singapore, Australia, Canada, and Argentina (since 2019).
Proportion that listened to a news podcast in the last month –
selected countries
76
Q11F_2018. A podcast is an episodic series of digital audio files, which you can download, subscribe, or listen to. Which of the following types of podcasts have you listened to in the last month? Please select all that apply.
Base: Total sample in each country ≈ 2000.
News podcast typology with examples of each
77
Podcast Name Producer Type
Av episode
length
1 The Daily New York Times Deep dive 24m
2 Joe Rogan Experience Joe Rogan/Spotify Extended chat 3hr 10m
3 Pod Save America Crooked Media Extended chat 1hr 15m
4 Up First NPR News round-up 13m
5 Ben Shapiro Show Daily Wire Extended chat 1hr 8m
6 Rachel Maddow Show MSNBC Extended chat 45m
7 Dan Bongino Show Cumulus Podcast Network Extended chat 55m
8 Morning Wire Daily Wire News round-up 14m
9 NPR Politics podcast NPR News round-up 15m
10 Apple News Today Apple News News round-up 10m
Top podcasts in the United States
The Daily remains the most widely listened to news podcast in the US but extended chat
formats, mostly male hosted are an important feature of the market.
78
The Daily, New York Times
Michael Barbaro
Spotify
Joe Rogan
10%
of podcast hosts
people are paying most
attention to are men
64%
6% of top shows listened to
originate from outside the
United States
Q2_Podcasts_2023. You say that you have listened to a news podcast in the last month... which news podcasts do you listen to
regularly? Base: News podcast listeners = 418
of named podcasts come
from public broadcaster
NPR
Podcast Name Producer Type
Av episode
length
1= The Rest is Politics Goalhanger podcasts Extended chat 43m
1= Newscast BBC News Extended chat 31m
1= The News Agents Global Media Extended chat 35m
4 Americast BBC News Extended chat 42m
5 Today in Focus The Guardian Deep dive 29m
6 Ukrainecast BBC News Extended chat 32m
7 The NS Podcast New Statesman Extended chat 24m
8 Joe Rogan Experience Joe Rogan/Spotify Extended chat 3hr 10m
9 The Trawl
Jemma Forte & Marina
Purkiss
Extended chat 35m
10 Oh God What Now Podmasters Extended chat 1hr 6m
Top podcasts in the United Kingdom
The Rest is Politics
79
Goalhanger podcasts
Alastair Campbell
and
Rory Stewart
Newscast, BBC News
Adam Fleming
31%
of podcast hosts
of top mentioned shows
are men
75%
4% of top podcasts listened to
originate from outside the
United Kingdom
Q2_Podcasts_2023. You say that you have listened to a news podcast in the last month... which news podcasts do you listen to
regularly? Base: News podcast listeners = 161
of mentioned podcasts
come from the BBC
(public broadcaster)
Top podcasts in Australia
80
Q2_Podcasts_2023. You say that you have listened to a news podcast in the last month... which news podcasts do you listen to regularly?
Base: News podcast listeners = 293
Podcast Name Producer Type
Av episode
length
1 Oppdatert NRK (public broadcaster) Deep dive 15m
2 Forklart Aftenposten Deep dive 15m
3 Aftenpodden Aftenposten Extended chat 1hr 15m
4 Dagsnytt 18 NRK Extended chat 59m
5 Urix NRK Deep dive 30m
Top podcasts in Norway and Denmark
81
41%
of named news podcasts
are Norwegian. 15% from
other
countries
85% Q2_Podcasts_2023. You
say that you have
listened to a news
podcast in the last
month... which news
podcasts do you listen
to regularly? Base: News
podcast listeners Norway =
289
of named podcasts are from
public broadcaster NHK
NORWAY
Podcast Name Producer Type
Av episode
length
1 Genstart DR (public broadcaster) Deep dive 15m
2 Orientering DR (public broadcaster) Deep dive 30m
3 Dato TV2 Deep dive 15m
4 Tiden DR (public broadcaster) Round up 30m
5 Det vi taler om BT Extended chat 55m
DENMARK
51%
91%
of named news podcasts
are from public
broadcaster DR
of named news podcasts
are Danish, just 9% from
other countries
Q2_Podcasts_2023. You
say that you have
listened to a news
podcast in the last
month... which news
podcasts do you listen
to regularly? Base: News
podcast listeners Denmark =
260
Q2_Podcasts_2023. You say that you have listened to a news podcast in the last month... which news podcasts do you listen to
regularly? Base: News podcast listeners = 289 / 260.
Proportion of podcast listeners that use each platform for
podcasts – selected countries
82
POD2. Which of the following apps or websites do you mainly use to find and play podcasts? Please select all that
apply. Base: Those that listened to a podcast in the last month in USA = 891, UK = 607, Australia = 773, Germany =
574.
@risj_oxford | #DNR23
Country and
market data
@risj_oxford | #DNR23
Europe
Digital News Report 2023
UK – Changing Media
UK – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Austria – Changing Media
Austria – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Belgium – Changing Media
Belgium – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Bulgaria – Changing Media
Bulgaria – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Croatia – Changing Media
Croatia – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Czech Republic – Changing Media
Czech Republic – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Denmark – Changing Media
Denmark – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Finland – Changing Media
Finland – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
France – Changing Media
France – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Germany – Changing Media
Germany – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Greece – Changing Media
Greece – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Hungary – Changing Media
Hungary – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Ireland – Changing Media
Ireland – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Italy – Changing Media
Italy – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Netherlands – Changing Media
Netherlands – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Norway – Changing Media
Norway – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Poland – Changing Media
Poland – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Portugal – Changing Media
Portugal – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Romania – Changing Media
Romania – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Slovakia – Changing Media
Slovakia – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Spain – Changing Media
Spain – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Sweden – Changing Media
Sweden – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Switzerland – Changing Media
Switzerland – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Turkey – Changing Media
Turkey – Trust
@risj_oxford | #DNR23
Americas
Digital News Report 2023
USA – Changing Media
USA – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Argentina – Changing Media
Argentina – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Brazil – Changing Media
Brazil – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Canada – Changing Media
Canada – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Chile – Changing Media
Chile – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Colombia – Changing Media
Colombia – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Mexico – Changing Media
Mexico – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Peru – Changing Media
Peru – Trust
@risj_oxford | #DNR23
Asia Pacific
Digital News Report 2023
Australia – Changing Media
Australia – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Hong Kong – Changing Media
Hong Kong – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
India – Changing Media
India – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Indonesia – Changing Media
Indonesia – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Japan – Changing Media
Japan – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Malaysia – Changing Media
Malaysia – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Philippines – Changing Media
Philippines – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Singapore – Changing Media
Singapore – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
South Korea – Changing Media
South Korea – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Taiwan – Changing Media
Taiwan – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Thailand – Changing Media
Thailand – Trust
@risj_oxford | #DNR23
Africa
Digital News Report 2023
Kenya – Changing Media
Kenya – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
Nigeria – Changing Media
Nigeria – Trust
Digital News Report 2023
South Africa – Changing Media
South Africa – Trust
@risj_oxford | #DNR23
Reuters Institute
Digital News Report
2023

More Related Content

What's hot

Digital 2021 Nigeria (January 2021) v01
Digital 2021 Nigeria (January 2021) v01Digital 2021 Nigeria (January 2021) v01
Digital 2021 Nigeria (January 2021) v01
DataReportal
 
Digital 2023 China (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 China (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 China (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 China (February 2023) v01
DataReportal
 
Digital 2023 Australia (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Australia (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 Australia (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Australia (February 2023) v01
DataReportal
 
Digital 2023 Morocco (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Morocco (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 Morocco (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Morocco (February 2023) v01
DataReportal
 
Digital 2023 Italy (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Italy (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 Italy (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Italy (February 2023) v01
DataReportal
 
WAN-IFRA: World Press Trends Outlook 2023-2024
WAN-IFRA: World Press Trends Outlook 2023-2024WAN-IFRA: World Press Trends Outlook 2023-2024
WAN-IFRA: World Press Trends Outlook 2023-2024
Damian Radcliffe
 
Digital 2023 Cambodia (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Cambodia (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 Cambodia (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Cambodia (February 2023) v01
DataReportal
 
Digital 2023 April Global Statshot Report v01 (April 2023)
Digital 2023 April Global Statshot Report v01 (April 2023)Digital 2023 April Global Statshot Report v01 (April 2023)
Digital 2023 April Global Statshot Report v01 (April 2023)
DataReportal
 
Digital 2021 Germany (January 2021) v01
Digital 2021 Germany (January 2021) v01Digital 2021 Germany (January 2021) v01
Digital 2021 Germany (January 2021) v01
DataReportal
 
Digital 2022 Local Country Headlines Report (January 2022) v02
Digital 2022 Local Country Headlines Report (January 2022) v02Digital 2022 Local Country Headlines Report (January 2022) v02
Digital 2022 Local Country Headlines Report (January 2022) v02
DataReportal
 
Global Digital 2022 Report
Global Digital 2022 ReportGlobal Digital 2022 Report
Global Digital 2022 Report
MarketingTrips
 
Edison Research Podcast Consumer 2019
Edison Research Podcast Consumer 2019Edison Research Podcast Consumer 2019
Edison Research Podcast Consumer 2019
Edison Research
 
Digital 2023 Turkey (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Turkey (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 Turkey (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Turkey (February 2023) v01
DataReportal
 
Digital 2023 Singapore (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Singapore (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 Singapore (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Singapore (February 2023) v01
DataReportal
 
dentsu 2022 media trends
dentsu 2022 media trendsdentsu 2022 media trends
dentsu 2022 media trends
dentsu
 
Digital 2023 Oman (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Oman (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 Oman (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Oman (February 2023) v01
DataReportal
 
Social media trends 2022
Social media trends 2022Social media trends 2022
Social media trends 2022
VeronikaFazekas2
 
Digital 2022 Australia (February 2022) v02
Digital 2022 Australia (February 2022) v02Digital 2022 Australia (February 2022) v02
Digital 2022 Australia (February 2022) v02
DataReportal
 
Ad Spend 2021 - Dentsu Report
Ad Spend 2021 - Dentsu ReportAd Spend 2021 - Dentsu Report
Ad Spend 2021 - Dentsu Report
Social Samosa
 
Digital 2023 Egypt (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Egypt (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 Egypt (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Egypt (February 2023) v01
DataReportal
 

What's hot (20)

Digital 2021 Nigeria (January 2021) v01
Digital 2021 Nigeria (January 2021) v01Digital 2021 Nigeria (January 2021) v01
Digital 2021 Nigeria (January 2021) v01
 
Digital 2023 China (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 China (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 China (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 China (February 2023) v01
 
Digital 2023 Australia (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Australia (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 Australia (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Australia (February 2023) v01
 
Digital 2023 Morocco (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Morocco (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 Morocco (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Morocco (February 2023) v01
 
Digital 2023 Italy (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Italy (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 Italy (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Italy (February 2023) v01
 
WAN-IFRA: World Press Trends Outlook 2023-2024
WAN-IFRA: World Press Trends Outlook 2023-2024WAN-IFRA: World Press Trends Outlook 2023-2024
WAN-IFRA: World Press Trends Outlook 2023-2024
 
Digital 2023 Cambodia (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Cambodia (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 Cambodia (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Cambodia (February 2023) v01
 
Digital 2023 April Global Statshot Report v01 (April 2023)
Digital 2023 April Global Statshot Report v01 (April 2023)Digital 2023 April Global Statshot Report v01 (April 2023)
Digital 2023 April Global Statshot Report v01 (April 2023)
 
Digital 2021 Germany (January 2021) v01
Digital 2021 Germany (January 2021) v01Digital 2021 Germany (January 2021) v01
Digital 2021 Germany (January 2021) v01
 
Digital 2022 Local Country Headlines Report (January 2022) v02
Digital 2022 Local Country Headlines Report (January 2022) v02Digital 2022 Local Country Headlines Report (January 2022) v02
Digital 2022 Local Country Headlines Report (January 2022) v02
 
Global Digital 2022 Report
Global Digital 2022 ReportGlobal Digital 2022 Report
Global Digital 2022 Report
 
Edison Research Podcast Consumer 2019
Edison Research Podcast Consumer 2019Edison Research Podcast Consumer 2019
Edison Research Podcast Consumer 2019
 
Digital 2023 Turkey (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Turkey (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 Turkey (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Turkey (February 2023) v01
 
Digital 2023 Singapore (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Singapore (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 Singapore (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Singapore (February 2023) v01
 
dentsu 2022 media trends
dentsu 2022 media trendsdentsu 2022 media trends
dentsu 2022 media trends
 
Digital 2023 Oman (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Oman (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 Oman (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Oman (February 2023) v01
 
Social media trends 2022
Social media trends 2022Social media trends 2022
Social media trends 2022
 
Digital 2022 Australia (February 2022) v02
Digital 2022 Australia (February 2022) v02Digital 2022 Australia (February 2022) v02
Digital 2022 Australia (February 2022) v02
 
Ad Spend 2021 - Dentsu Report
Ad Spend 2021 - Dentsu ReportAd Spend 2021 - Dentsu Report
Ad Spend 2021 - Dentsu Report
 
Digital 2023 Egypt (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Egypt (February 2023) v01Digital 2023 Egypt (February 2023) v01
Digital 2023 Egypt (February 2023) v01
 

Similar to Digital News Report 2023

Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2024
Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2024Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2024
Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2024
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, Oxford University
 
Digital News Report 2019
Digital News Report 2019Digital News Report 2019
2018 Fakten zur Entwicklung von Socialmedia
2018 Fakten zur Entwicklung von Socialmedia2018 Fakten zur Entwicklung von Socialmedia
2018 Fakten zur Entwicklung von Socialmedia
Angelika Eckstein
 
Digital News Report 2018
Digital News Report 2018Digital News Report 2018
Digital News Report 2018
mResearcher
 
Digital News Report 2018
Digital News Report 2018Digital News Report 2018
People & News: Key themes from Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2013
People & News: Key themes from Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2013People & News: Key themes from Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2013
People & News: Key themes from Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2013
Newsworks
 
Digital News Report 2022
Digital News Report 2022Digital News Report 2022
Digital News Report - Key Findings - Asia-Pacific
Digital News Report - Key Findings - Asia-PacificDigital News Report - Key Findings - Asia-Pacific
Digital News Report - Key Findings - Asia-Pacific
Rasmus Kleis Nielsen
 
Reuters digital news report 2013
Reuters digital news report 2013Reuters digital news report 2013
Reuters digital news report 2013
Nic Newman
 
Reuters institute Digital News Report 2014, Tracking the future of news
Reuters institute Digital News Report 2014, Tracking the future of newsReuters institute Digital News Report 2014, Tracking the future of news
Reuters institute Digital News Report 2014, Tracking the future of news
Nic Newman
 
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
Kantar
 
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
Kantar
 
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
Kantar
 
Nic Newman: Podcasting research, RISJ
Nic Newman: Podcasting research, RISJNic Newman: Podcasting research, RISJ
Nic Newman: Podcasting research, RISJ
Journalism.co.uk
 
Global trends in social media tgi global quick view-germany
Global trends in social media  tgi global quick view-germanyGlobal trends in social media  tgi global quick view-germany
Global trends in social media tgi global quick view-germany
AdeljaKeller
 
Global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick View Co...
Global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick View Co...Global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick View Co...
Global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick View Co...
Kantar
 
Misinformation: public perceptions and practical responses
Misinformation: public perceptions and practical responsesMisinformation: public perceptions and practical responses
Misinformation: public perceptions and practical responses
Rasmus Kleis Nielsen
 
I mis highlights
I mis highlightsI mis highlights
I mis highlights
Belinda Barker
 
International Media Image Survey (I-MIS) - Highlights
International Media Image Survey (I-MIS) - HighlightsInternational Media Image Survey (I-MIS) - Highlights
International Media Image Survey (I-MIS) - Highlights
Belinda Barker
 
Digital News Report 2020
Digital News Report 2020Digital News Report 2020

Similar to Digital News Report 2023 (20)

Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2024
Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2024Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2024
Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2024
 
Digital News Report 2019
Digital News Report 2019Digital News Report 2019
Digital News Report 2019
 
2018 Fakten zur Entwicklung von Socialmedia
2018 Fakten zur Entwicklung von Socialmedia2018 Fakten zur Entwicklung von Socialmedia
2018 Fakten zur Entwicklung von Socialmedia
 
Digital News Report 2018
Digital News Report 2018Digital News Report 2018
Digital News Report 2018
 
Digital News Report 2018
Digital News Report 2018Digital News Report 2018
Digital News Report 2018
 
People & News: Key themes from Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2013
People & News: Key themes from Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2013People & News: Key themes from Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2013
People & News: Key themes from Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2013
 
Digital News Report 2022
Digital News Report 2022Digital News Report 2022
Digital News Report 2022
 
Digital News Report - Key Findings - Asia-Pacific
Digital News Report - Key Findings - Asia-PacificDigital News Report - Key Findings - Asia-Pacific
Digital News Report - Key Findings - Asia-Pacific
 
Reuters digital news report 2013
Reuters digital news report 2013Reuters digital news report 2013
Reuters digital news report 2013
 
Reuters institute Digital News Report 2014, Tracking the future of news
Reuters institute Digital News Report 2014, Tracking the future of newsReuters institute Digital News Report 2014, Tracking the future of news
Reuters institute Digital News Report 2014, Tracking the future of news
 
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
 
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
 
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
2020 global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick Vi...
 
Nic Newman: Podcasting research, RISJ
Nic Newman: Podcasting research, RISJNic Newman: Podcasting research, RISJ
Nic Newman: Podcasting research, RISJ
 
Global trends in social media tgi global quick view-germany
Global trends in social media  tgi global quick view-germanyGlobal trends in social media  tgi global quick view-germany
Global trends in social media tgi global quick view-germany
 
Global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick View Co...
Global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick View Co...Global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick View Co...
Global trends in social media - Latest insights from TGI Global Quick View Co...
 
Misinformation: public perceptions and practical responses
Misinformation: public perceptions and practical responsesMisinformation: public perceptions and practical responses
Misinformation: public perceptions and practical responses
 
I mis highlights
I mis highlightsI mis highlights
I mis highlights
 
International Media Image Survey (I-MIS) - Highlights
International Media Image Survey (I-MIS) - HighlightsInternational Media Image Survey (I-MIS) - Highlights
International Media Image Survey (I-MIS) - Highlights
 
Digital News Report 2020
Digital News Report 2020Digital News Report 2020
Digital News Report 2020
 

More from Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, Oxford University

Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2021
Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2021Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2021
Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2021
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, Oxford University
 
Reckoning for Relevance | Journalist Fellowship paper by Kathy English
Reckoning for Relevance | Journalist Fellowship paper by Kathy EnglishReckoning for Relevance | Journalist Fellowship paper by Kathy English
Reckoning for Relevance | Journalist Fellowship paper by Kathy English
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, Oxford University
 
India Digital News Report slides | Reuters Institute
India Digital News Report slides | Reuters Institute India Digital News Report slides | Reuters Institute
India Digital News Report slides | Reuters Institute
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, Oxford University
 
Hello Voice: The Implications for News
Hello Voice: The Implications for NewsHello Voice: The Implications for News
'I saw the news on Facebook': Noticing news brands in distributed environments
'I saw the news on Facebook': Noticing news brands in distributed environments'I saw the news on Facebook': Noticing news brands in distributed environments
'I saw the news on Facebook': Noticing news brands in distributed environments
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, Oxford University
 
Digital News Report 2017
Digital News Report 2017Digital News Report 2017
Brand and trust in a fragmented news environment
Brand and trust in a fragmented news environmentBrand and trust in a fragmented news environment
Brand and trust in a fragmented news environment
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, Oxford University
 
Digital News Report 2016
Digital News Report 2016Digital News Report 2016
Editorial analytics – turning insights into action
Editorial analytics – turning insights into actionEditorial analytics – turning insights into action
Editorial analytics – turning insights into action
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, Oxford University
 
Re-shaping online news and media - Memorial Lecture 2015
Re-shaping online news and media - Memorial Lecture 2015Re-shaping online news and media - Memorial Lecture 2015
Re-shaping online news and media - Memorial Lecture 2015
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, Oxford University
 
Tracking the Future of News
Tracking the Future of NewsTracking the Future of News

More from Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, Oxford University (11)

Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2021
Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2021Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2021
Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2021
 
Reckoning for Relevance | Journalist Fellowship paper by Kathy English
Reckoning for Relevance | Journalist Fellowship paper by Kathy EnglishReckoning for Relevance | Journalist Fellowship paper by Kathy English
Reckoning for Relevance | Journalist Fellowship paper by Kathy English
 
India Digital News Report slides | Reuters Institute
India Digital News Report slides | Reuters Institute India Digital News Report slides | Reuters Institute
India Digital News Report slides | Reuters Institute
 
Hello Voice: The Implications for News
Hello Voice: The Implications for NewsHello Voice: The Implications for News
Hello Voice: The Implications for News
 
'I saw the news on Facebook': Noticing news brands in distributed environments
'I saw the news on Facebook': Noticing news brands in distributed environments'I saw the news on Facebook': Noticing news brands in distributed environments
'I saw the news on Facebook': Noticing news brands in distributed environments
 
Digital News Report 2017
Digital News Report 2017Digital News Report 2017
Digital News Report 2017
 
Brand and trust in a fragmented news environment
Brand and trust in a fragmented news environmentBrand and trust in a fragmented news environment
Brand and trust in a fragmented news environment
 
Digital News Report 2016
Digital News Report 2016Digital News Report 2016
Digital News Report 2016
 
Editorial analytics – turning insights into action
Editorial analytics – turning insights into actionEditorial analytics – turning insights into action
Editorial analytics – turning insights into action
 
Re-shaping online news and media - Memorial Lecture 2015
Re-shaping online news and media - Memorial Lecture 2015Re-shaping online news and media - Memorial Lecture 2015
Re-shaping online news and media - Memorial Lecture 2015
 
Tracking the Future of News
Tracking the Future of NewsTracking the Future of News
Tracking the Future of News
 

Recently uploaded

Saleya-Bibi-FT-Order-8-2-2024.pdf;[pwsp[-
Saleya-Bibi-FT-Order-8-2-2024.pdf;[pwsp[-Saleya-Bibi-FT-Order-8-2-2024.pdf;[pwsp[-
Saleya-Bibi-FT-Order-8-2-2024.pdf;[pwsp[-
bhavenpr
 
1(16). NIS English February16-28 (2021).pdf
1(16). NIS English February16-28 (2021).pdf1(16). NIS English February16-28 (2021).pdf
1(16). NIS English February16-28 (2021).pdf
Ranjan Kumar Gupta
 
They Are the Racists _ Andy Blumenthal _ The Blogs.pdf
They Are the Racists _ Andy Blumenthal _ The Blogs.pdfThey Are the Racists _ Andy Blumenthal _ The Blogs.pdf
They Are the Racists _ Andy Blumenthal _ The Blogs.pdf
Andy (Avraham) Blumenthal
 
Amish-Devgan-v.-Union-of-India-2021-1-SCC-1.pdf
Amish-Devgan-v.-Union-of-India-2021-1-SCC-1.pdfAmish-Devgan-v.-Union-of-India-2021-1-SCC-1.pdf
Amish-Devgan-v.-Union-of-India-2021-1-SCC-1.pdf
bhavenpr
 
1(18). NIS English March16-31 (2021).pdf
1(18). NIS English March16-31 (2021).pdf1(18). NIS English March16-31 (2021).pdf
1(18). NIS English March16-31 (2021).pdf
Ranjan Kumar Gupta
 
Daniel Carrasco Unravels Alleged $1.5M Fraud Scheme.pdf
Daniel Carrasco Unravels Alleged $1.5M Fraud Scheme.pdfDaniel Carrasco Unravels Alleged $1.5M Fraud Scheme.pdf
Daniel Carrasco Unravels Alleged $1.5M Fraud Scheme.pdf
nathaniel leonard
 
Lucknow Girls Call Balaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
Lucknow Girls Call Balaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...Lucknow Girls Call Balaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
Lucknow Girls Call Balaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
bangaloreakshitakaus
 
Debates In Constituent Assembly: Seven Key Debates in India Constituent Assembly
Debates In Constituent Assembly: Seven Key Debates in India Constituent AssemblyDebates In Constituent Assembly: Seven Key Debates in India Constituent Assembly
Debates In Constituent Assembly: Seven Key Debates in India Constituent Assembly
Gurjant Singh
 
1(17). NIS English March 1-15 (2021).pdf
1(17). NIS English March 1-15 (2021).pdf1(17). NIS English March 1-15 (2021).pdf
1(17). NIS English March 1-15 (2021).pdf
Ranjan Kumar Gupta
 
07072024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
07072024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf07072024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
07072024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
FIRST INDIA
 
Muslim can never become a majority in India
Muslim can never become a majority in IndiaMuslim can never become a majority in India
Muslim can never become a majority in India
Ajay Prakash
 
College Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
College Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...College Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
College Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
jealousviolet
 
1(11). NIS English December1-15 (2020).pdf
1(11). NIS English December1-15 (2020).pdf1(11). NIS English December1-15 (2020).pdf
1(11). NIS English December1-15 (2020).pdf
Ranjan Kumar Gupta
 
Power in political theory in political science
Power in political theory in political sciencePower in political theory in political science
Power in political theory in political science
gokulchandru5
 
Mysore Girls Call Mysore 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1...
Mysore Girls Call Mysore 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1...Mysore Girls Call Mysore 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1...
Mysore Girls Call Mysore 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1...
kalihasan429
 
Columbia biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
Columbia biyezheng degree offer diploma TranscriptColumbia biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
Columbia biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
ypeyzy
 
1(13). NIS English January1-15 (2021).pdf
1(13). NIS English January1-15 (2021).pdf1(13). NIS English January1-15 (2021).pdf
1(13). NIS English January1-15 (2021).pdf
Ranjan Kumar Gupta
 
For-Website-240710-CJP-complaint-to-NCM-on-lynchings-June-July2024.pdf
For-Website-240710-CJP-complaint-to-NCM-on-lynchings-June-July2024.pdfFor-Website-240710-CJP-complaint-to-NCM-on-lynchings-June-July2024.pdf
For-Website-240710-CJP-complaint-to-NCM-on-lynchings-June-July2024.pdf
bhavenpr
 
12072024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12072024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf12072024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12072024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
FIRST INDIA
 
Cold front to hit South Africa from Sunday
Cold front to hit South Africa from SundayCold front to hit South Africa from Sunday
Cold front to hit South Africa from Sunday
SABC News
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Saleya-Bibi-FT-Order-8-2-2024.pdf;[pwsp[-
Saleya-Bibi-FT-Order-8-2-2024.pdf;[pwsp[-Saleya-Bibi-FT-Order-8-2-2024.pdf;[pwsp[-
Saleya-Bibi-FT-Order-8-2-2024.pdf;[pwsp[-
 
1(16). NIS English February16-28 (2021).pdf
1(16). NIS English February16-28 (2021).pdf1(16). NIS English February16-28 (2021).pdf
1(16). NIS English February16-28 (2021).pdf
 
They Are the Racists _ Andy Blumenthal _ The Blogs.pdf
They Are the Racists _ Andy Blumenthal _ The Blogs.pdfThey Are the Racists _ Andy Blumenthal _ The Blogs.pdf
They Are the Racists _ Andy Blumenthal _ The Blogs.pdf
 
Amish-Devgan-v.-Union-of-India-2021-1-SCC-1.pdf
Amish-Devgan-v.-Union-of-India-2021-1-SCC-1.pdfAmish-Devgan-v.-Union-of-India-2021-1-SCC-1.pdf
Amish-Devgan-v.-Union-of-India-2021-1-SCC-1.pdf
 
1(18). NIS English March16-31 (2021).pdf
1(18). NIS English March16-31 (2021).pdf1(18). NIS English March16-31 (2021).pdf
1(18). NIS English March16-31 (2021).pdf
 
Daniel Carrasco Unravels Alleged $1.5M Fraud Scheme.pdf
Daniel Carrasco Unravels Alleged $1.5M Fraud Scheme.pdfDaniel Carrasco Unravels Alleged $1.5M Fraud Scheme.pdf
Daniel Carrasco Unravels Alleged $1.5M Fraud Scheme.pdf
 
Lucknow Girls Call Balaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
Lucknow Girls Call Balaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...Lucknow Girls Call Balaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
Lucknow Girls Call Balaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
 
Debates In Constituent Assembly: Seven Key Debates in India Constituent Assembly
Debates In Constituent Assembly: Seven Key Debates in India Constituent AssemblyDebates In Constituent Assembly: Seven Key Debates in India Constituent Assembly
Debates In Constituent Assembly: Seven Key Debates in India Constituent Assembly
 
1(17). NIS English March 1-15 (2021).pdf
1(17). NIS English March 1-15 (2021).pdf1(17). NIS English March 1-15 (2021).pdf
1(17). NIS English March 1-15 (2021).pdf
 
07072024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
07072024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf07072024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
07072024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Muslim can never become a majority in India
Muslim can never become a majority in IndiaMuslim can never become a majority in India
Muslim can never become a majority in India
 
College Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
College Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...College Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
College Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
 
1(11). NIS English December1-15 (2020).pdf
1(11). NIS English December1-15 (2020).pdf1(11). NIS English December1-15 (2020).pdf
1(11). NIS English December1-15 (2020).pdf
 
Power in political theory in political science
Power in political theory in political sciencePower in political theory in political science
Power in political theory in political science
 
Mysore Girls Call Mysore 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1...
Mysore Girls Call Mysore 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1...Mysore Girls Call Mysore 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1...
Mysore Girls Call Mysore 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1...
 
Columbia biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
Columbia biyezheng degree offer diploma TranscriptColumbia biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
Columbia biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
 
1(13). NIS English January1-15 (2021).pdf
1(13). NIS English January1-15 (2021).pdf1(13). NIS English January1-15 (2021).pdf
1(13). NIS English January1-15 (2021).pdf
 
For-Website-240710-CJP-complaint-to-NCM-on-lynchings-June-July2024.pdf
For-Website-240710-CJP-complaint-to-NCM-on-lynchings-June-July2024.pdfFor-Website-240710-CJP-complaint-to-NCM-on-lynchings-June-July2024.pdf
For-Website-240710-CJP-complaint-to-NCM-on-lynchings-June-July2024.pdf
 
12072024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12072024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf12072024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12072024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Cold front to hit South Africa from Sunday
Cold front to hit South Africa from SundayCold front to hit South Africa from Sunday
Cold front to hit South Africa from Sunday
 

Digital News Report 2023

  • 1. @risj_oxford | #DNR23 Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2023 More information at digitalnewsreport.org/2023
  • 2. 2 5 Continents 6 2 Representing half the world’s population Markets 46 Respondents 93,000
  • 3. Country Sample Size Population Internet Penetration Europe UK 2,017 69m 95% Austria 2,029 9.1m 88% Belgium 2,025 11.7m 92% Bulgaria 2,027 6.9m 70% Croatia 2,024 4m 93% Czech Republic 2,047 10.7m 87% Denmark 2,033 5.8m 98% Finland 2,027 5.6m 94% France 2,078 66m 92% Germany 2,002 84m 94% Greece 2,023 10.3m 79% Hungary 2,000 9.6m 89% Ireland 2,035 5m 92% Italy 2,106 60m 91% Netherlands 2,022 17.2m 95% Norway 2,022 5.5m 98% Country Sample Size Population Internet Penetration Poland 2,030 38m 92% Portugal 2,010 10.1m 88% Romania 2,007 19m 78% Slovakia 2,093 5.5m 90% Spain 2,031 47m 93% Sweden 2,064 10.2m 97% Switzerland 2,037 8.8m 96% Turkey 2,016 86m 85% Americas USA 2,081 331m 90% Argentina 2,014 46m 91% Brazil 2,047 215m 83% Canada 2,150 38m 94% Chile 2,013 19m 97% Colombia 2,036 52m 83% Mexico 2,029 132m 67% Peru 2,010 34m 87% Country Sample Size Population Internet Penetration Asia Pacific Australia 2,025 26m 90% Hong Kong 2,023 7.6m 92% India 2,016 1,414m 60% Indonesia 2,012 278m 76% Japan 2,009 127m 93% Malaysia 2,015 33m 94% Philippines 2,284 112m 91% Singapore 2,025 5.9m 92% South Korea 2,003 51m 97% Taiwan 2,037 24m 95% Thailand 2,028 70m 88% Africa Kenya 2,025 56m 85% Nigeria 2,025 211m 73% South Africa 2,013 60m 58% Polling by Supported by Online poll conducted between Jan to early Feb 2023 3 Spanish translation by
  • 5. 32% 22% 23% 30% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 Direct access to websites apps Social media access Social access vs. direct access preference over time In aggregate terms, social overtook direct traffic in 2021. Though there are huge differences between countries. Nordics still have very strong direct traffic, Lat Am and some Asia countries less so. 5 All Countries 2018-2023 Q10a_new2017_rc. Which of these was the **MAIN** way in which you came across news in the last week? Base 2023; All: 86120 NOTE: number of markets grew from 36 in 2018 to 46 in 2021 onwards Other gateways All markets, 2023 (change from 2018) Search 25% +1% 9% Mobile alerts+3% 8% Aggregators +2% 5% Email -1%
  • 6. Some countries are in a much better space … 6 Mostly direct Country Direct Social Search + Aggregators Finland 63% 13% 17% Norway 59% 12% 20% Denmark 50% 16% 18% Sweden 48% 10% 25% Country Direct Social Search +Aggregators Thailand 7% 64% 23% Philippines 8% 53% 25% Chile 13% 52% 21% Peru 10% 49% 26% Mostly social Deeply aggregated Country Direct Social Search +Aggregators South Korea 6% 18% 66% Japan 12% 10% 65% Taiwan 11% 14% 50% India 12% 28% 43% Q10a_new2017. Which of these was the main way in which you came across news in the last week? Base: All who used a news gateway in the last week in each market ≈ 2000.0
  • 7. % Starting news journey with news website or app Gen Z are losing direct connection with news websites and apps 7 Gap opening up between 18-24 & the rest 53% 24% 52% 52% 15% 25% 35% 45% 55% 65% 75% 2016 2017 2018 2022 2015 2019 2020 2021 Q10. Thinking about how you got news online (via computer, mobile, or any device) in the last week, which were the ways in which you came across news stories? Base: 2018–22; 18–24 ≈ 200, 25–34 ≈ 300, 35+ ≈ 1500. 2023 CORONAVIRU S EFFECT
  • 8. Facebook & Twitter vs new messaging platforms 2014-2023 Weekly use for any purpose, 18-24s, Selected markets 8 Q12A. Which, if any, of the following have you used in the last week for any purpose? Please select all that apply Base 2023: 24591 ‘Main’ 12 market average: UK, USA, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Ireland, Denmark, Finland, Australia, Brazil & Japan NOTE:10 market average for 2014 exl Australia & Ireland 72% 38% 33% 21% 60% 30% 54% 5% 38% 27% 35% 5% 14% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 Facebook Twitter Instagram WhatsApp TikTok Snapchat Telegram 18-24 cliff edge started in 2018 which is when Instagram and Tik Tok started to grow
  • 9. Social networks and message apps – weekly use for news selected markets Facebook has become less influential for news. Video led networks such as YouTube, Instagram and TikTok are more important 9 Q12B. Which, if any, of the following have you used for news in the last week? Please select all that apply Base: 24591 ‘Main’ 12 market average: UK, USA, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Ireland, Denmark, Finland, Australia, Brazil & Japan. NOTE: 10 market average for 2014 exl Australia & Ireland 36% 42% 28% 9% 11% 6% 6% 2% 14% 1% 2% 7% 16% 16% 20% 1% 6% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 Facebook Twitter FB Messenger Instagram Snapchat WhatsApp YouTube TikTok
  • 10. Weekly TikTok usage for news across countries Darker colours represent higher levels of audience usage of TikTok for news. Grey indicates countries not covered or TikTok not operating 10 Q12B. Which, if any, of the following have you used for news in the last week? Base: Total sample in each market ≈ 2000. Note: TikTok has been banned in India and does not operate in Hong Kong. TikTok resonates most with 18-24s
  • 11. Countries with highest and lowest TikTok use 11 Q12B. Which, if any, of the following have you used for news in the last week? Base: Total sample in each market ≈ 2000. Note: TikTok has been banned in India and does not operate in Hong Kong.
  • 12. 55% 43% 42% 42% 36% 33% 39% 27% 30% 31% 30% 31% 43% 24% 26% 25% 25% 25% 43% 38% 45% 52% 55% 55% 34% 37% 29% 33% 35% 44% Where do we pay most attention when it comes to news on social platforms? 12 Mainstream news Ordinary people Personalities Mainstream news Ordinary people Personalities Mainstream news Ordinary people Personalities Mainstream news Ordinary people Personalities Mainstream news Ordinary people Personalities Mainstream news Ordinary people Personalities Twitter Facebook YouTube Instagram Snapchat TikTok Mainstream news outlets/mainstream journalists Smaller or alternative news sources Politicians/political activists Personalities (incl. celebrities and influencers) Ordinary people Q12_Social_sources. You said that you use <social network> for news … When it comes to news on <social network>, which of these sources do you generally pay most attention to? Please select all that apply. Base: Randomly selected news users of Facebook = 24,711, Twitter = 6046, YouTube = 16,543, Instagram = 8023, Snapchat = 932, TikTok = 4322.
  • 13. 59% 46% 45% 38% 27% 36% 32% 28% 32% 24% 27% 24% 37% 38% 35% 24% 31% 34% 45% 35% 39% 35% 31% 33% 37% 35% 36% 37% 28% 33% 35% 26% 24% 31% 31% 33% 38% 40% 35% 42% 38% 46% National politics War in Ukraine Health Business & economics Climate Social Justice Fun news (news makes me laugh) What subjects do we pay most attention to when it comes to news on social platforms? Across all markets, National politics is the most important topic for Twitter news users, followed Business and economics news 13 Twitter Facebook YouTube Instagram Snapchat TikTok Q12_Social_subjects. You said that you use <social network> for news … When it comes to news on <social network>, what types of content do you mostly pay attention to? Please select all that apply. Base: Randomly selected news users of Facebook = 24,711, Twitter = 6046, YouTube = 16,543, Instagram = 8023, Snapchat = 932, TikTok = 4322.
  • 14. Proportion who agree that ‘having stories selected on the basis of what I have consumed in the past’ is a good way to get news 14 Q10D_2016a_2. To what extent do you agree with the following statement? Having stories automatically selected for me on the basis of what I have consumed in the past is a good way to get news. Base: U-35s/35+ in each year in USA ≈ 603/1478.
  • 15. Proportion who agree that ‘having stories selected on the basis of what I have consumed in the past’ is a good way to get news 15 Q10D_2016a_2. To what extent do you agree with the following statement? Having stories automatically selected for me on the basis of what I have consumed in the past is a good way to get news. Base: U-35s/35+ in each year in UK ≈ 449/1658.
  • 16. Worried about missing out? All markets 16 48% worry about missing out on important information 46% worry about missing out on challenging viewpoints 17% don’t worry, 35% neutral 17% don’t worry, 37% neutral Q10D_2016b_1/2. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. I worry that more personalised news may mean that I miss out on important information/ challenging viewpoints. Base: Total samples in 2016 = 53,330, 2023 = 53,039. Note: Questions asked in USA, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, Greece, Turkey, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Canada, Brazil.
  • 17. Proportion that say they are trying to achieve each when changing what they see on online platforms 17 Q2_Algorithms_2023. You said that you try to change what news and information you see on online platforms. What are you trying to achieve? Please select all that apply. Base: All those that tried to change what news they see via algorithms in UK = 910, USA = 1205, Germany = 996.
  • 18. Proportion that share a news story on social media in an average week (2015–2023) 18 Q13. During an average week in which, if any, of the following ways do you share or participate in news coverage? Please select all that apply. Base: Total sample in each country- year ≈ 2000.
  • 19. Profile of active participators – all markets 19 Q13. During an average week in which, if any, of the following ways do you share or participate in news coverage? Please select all that apply. Base: Total sample in each country- year ≈ 2000.
  • 20. Proportion concerned about what is real vs. fake online Platform changes don’t seem to be lessening fears about misinformation 20 Q_FAKE_NEWS_1. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statement. Thinking about online news, I am concerned about what is real and what is fake on the internet. Base: Total sample in Africa = 6063, North America = 4231, Latin America = 12,149, Asia-Pacific = 22,477, Europe = 48,975.
  • 21. Misinformation about COVID-19, politics still widespread Proportion that say they saw misinformation about each in the past week 21 Q_FAKE_NEWS_2021a. Have you seen false or misleading information about any of the following topics, in the last week? Please select all that apply. Base: Total sample in each country ≈ 2000.
  • 22. -3pp -4pp +4pp -4pp 39% 33% 22% 21% 21% 19% 17% 17% 15% 15% 14% 14% 13% 12% 11% 11% 11% 11% 9% 9% NOR SWE AUS FIN USA DEN SUI NLD BEL IRE POL AUT ESP ITA CAN GER POR FRA JPN UK Payment for online news may be levelling off? Increases in Australia for second year in a row but some falls in Belgium, Canada and Germany 22 pay of online news, average of 20 markets 17% Q7a. Have you paid for ONLINE news content, or accessed a paid for ONLINE news service in the last year ? (This could be digital subscription, combined digital/print subscription or one off payment for an article or app or e-edition) Base = 2000 in each market
  • 23. 9% 21% 7% 9% 11% 11% 8% 10% 17% 27% 39% 20% 33% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Paying for online news over time Paying for news services in the US is back to 2021 levels, in other markets this continues to be stable. 23 United States France United Kingdom Switzerland 2. More/tighter paywalls Germany 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 1. Pivot to paid content Q7a. Have you paid for ONLINE news content, or accessed a paid for ONLINE news service in the last year ? (This could be a digital subscription, combined digital/print subscription or one off payment for an article or app or e-edition) Base: 2023, USA: 2081, UK: 2107, Germany: 2002, France: 2078, Spain: 2031, Japan: 2009, Switzerland: 2037, Norway: 2022, Sweden: 2034. Norway Sweden 3. Coronavirus bumps in some countries 4. Mixed picture, some increase, some decline
  • 24. Winner takes most story persists (largely) Profile of ongoing online news subscribers – selected countries 24 Q7_SUBS_name_2022. You said you have paid a subscription/membership to a digital news service in the last year… Which of the following did you subscribe to? Please select all that apply. Base: All that paid for an ongoing subscription/membership to a digital news service in the last year: Range: Germany = 143 to Sweden = 431. Country Top national titles % Paying Median number of subscriptions % of these who subscribe to regional/local titles % of these who subscribe to foreign titles Norway VG, Aftenposten, Dagbladet 39 1 50 4 Sweden Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Expressen 33 1 40 6 Australia Australian, Guardian Australia, Herald Sun, SMH 22 2 54 11 US New York Times, Washington Post 21 2 19 22 Finland Helsingin Sanomat, Iltalehti Plus 21 1 40 3 Denmark Berlingske, Politiken, Ekstrabladet 19 1 19 4 Switzerland Tages-Anzeiger, NZZ 17 1 43 15 Netherlands De Telegraaf, AD, Volkskrant 17 1 53 3 Belgium Het Laatste Nieuws, Le Soir, De Morgen 15 1 20 4 Ireland Irish Times, Irish Independent, New York Times 15 1 6 48 Austria Die Presse, Kronen Zeitung, Der Standard 14 1 15 6 Spain El Pais, El Mundo, La Vanguardia, Marca 13 2 9 6 Italy Corriere della Sera, La Repubblica 12 1 17 8 Canada Globe & Mail, Toronto Star, New York Times 11 1 12 39 Germany Bild, Die Welt, Der Spiegel, FAZ, SZ 11 1 25 11 Portugal Público, Expresso, Correio da Manhã, Observador 11 1 8 10 France Le Monde, Le Figaro, Mediapart 11 2 19 5 Japan Nikkei, Asahi Shimbun Digital 9 1 n/a n/a UK Telegraph, Times of London, Guardian 9 1 10 4
  • 25. Proportion of ongoing news subscribers that have done each in the last year – selected countries 25 Q2_Pay_2023_sub. Still thinking about paying for online news ... and thinking specifically about ongoing online news subscriptions ... which, if any, of the following have you done in the last year? Please select all that apply. Base: Ongoing online news subscribers in Germany = 155, USA = 382, UK = 155.
  • 26. Reasons for subscribing to a news publication by country Higher quality content is a bigger factor in the US because the free sources are not always as good (e.g. high quality public service news) so identification with brand, political affiliation matters more in the UK 26 65% 38% 47% 16% 48% 29% 44% 21% 44% 30% 30% 16% Better quality or distinctive content Help fund good journalism Identification with brand/ journalists Features and games USA UK Germany Brand and political identity a big factor in UK subs market (and US) Quality content is a big factor in the US market as free sources have often relied on clickbait/sensation Q1_Pay_2023. You said that you have paid for access to online news in the last year ... What are the most important reasons for this? Please select all that apply. Base: Ongoing online news subscribers in Germany = 155, USA = 382, UK = 155.
  • 27. What might persuade non payers to pay for online news? Lower price and greater convenience look the most likely options, but nothing would persuade many… 27 MORE VALUABLE CONTENT AD-FREE CHEAPER/FLEXIBLE NOTHING 32% 22% 42% 13% Especially younger and more interested groups Especially younger and more interested groups Especially older and less interested groups 65% UK 54% Germany 49% USA Q4_Pay_2023. You say you don’t currently subscribe or donate to an online newspaper or other news service. Which of the following, if any, would most encourage you to pay? Please select all that apply. Base: Those that don’t subscribe to online news in USA, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Poland, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and Canada = 33,460.
  • 28. Proportion that say they pay a lot of attention for news about finances/economy – average of selected markets 28 Q2_Finance_2023m. Thinking about news or information related to your personal finances and/or the wider economy ... which of the following sources, if any, do you pay a lot of attention to? Please select all that apply. Base: Total sample/U35s in all markets except Malaysia, Chile, Mexico, South Africa, Kenya, Philippines, Colombia, Indonesia, Nigeria, Peru, and Thailand = 71,405/18,398.
  • 29. In some countries, trusted experts play a big role in informing the public Proportion of those that pay attention to experts on finance who name each of the following 29 Finance_Open_2023. You say that you pay a lot of attention to experts with an independent public profile (e.g. their own social channels or TV shows) for news or information related to your personal finances and the wider economy. Who do you pay attention to? Base: All that say they pay attention to experts in UK = 510, USA = 425, France = 349. Note: Open-ended question. Respondents could type in up to three
  • 30. Profile of those that find news about finance and the economy difficult to understand – all markets 30 Q3_Finance_2023_1. How easy or difficult do you find it to understand news about finance and the economy? Education. What is your highest level of education? Income. What is your gross household income? Base: Total sample = 67,344, Men/Women = 32,711/34,633, Low/Medium/High education = 12,671/29,722/24,951, Low/Medium/High household income = 15,343/26,649/16,470 in all markets except Malaysia, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Mexico, South Africa, Kenya, Philippines, Colombia, Indonesia, Nigeria, Peru, and Thailand.
  • 31. 77% 43% 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 2017 2019 2021 2023 Argentina 59% 36% 2015 2017 2019 2021 2023 France 85% 51% 2015 2017 2019 2021 2023 Spain 67% 49% 2015 2017 2019 2021 2023 US 70% 43% 2015 2017 2019 2021 2023 UK Selected countries with largest falls -34pp -23pp -34pp -18pp -27pp Decline in interest in the news in some countries, but not all 31 Q1c. How interested, if at all, would you say you are in news? Net: Extremely/Very Base 2023; Spain: 2031, Italy: 2106, UK: 2107, Brazil: 2047, Germany: 2002, Finland: 2027, Czech Republic: 2047, Netherlands: 2022 41% 38% 2016 2018 2020 2022 74% 52% 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 2015 2017 2019 2021 2023 64% 54% 2015 2017 2019 2021 2023 57% 51% 2015 2017 2019 2021 2023 64% 65% 2015 2017 2019 2021 2023 Selected countries with more stable levels -22pp -10pp -3pp -6pp +1pp South Korea Germany Austria Netherlands Finland
  • 32. Proportion that say they sometimes or often actively try to avoid the news (2017–2023) – all markets 32 Q1di_2017. Do you find yourself actively trying to avoid news these days? Showing code for often or sometimes and never Base 2023: Global: 93895 NOTE: Number of markets grew from 36 in 2018 to 46 in 2021 onwards
  • 33. Different ways of avoiding news… 33 Q. Avoidance behaviours You said that you try to actively avoid news. Which of the following, if any, do you do? Please select all that apply. Base: all those that avoid sometimes or often = 33469 32% of avoiders e.g. topics that bring down mood or increase anxiety 3. Avoiding some topics 53% of avoiders e.g. scrolling past news, changing channels when news comes on 1. Avoiding most sources 52% of avoiders e.g. limit to certain times of day, turning off notifications, etc. 2. Checking less often Periodic Avoidance: Specific Avoidance: Linked to low interest in news & politics Linked to overload/self care from those who are interested in news and politics
  • 34. 75% 60% 52% 50% 48% 47% 40% 37% 35% 35% 32% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% Finland Czech Rep Germany Slovakia Bulgaria Hungary UK Romania Poland Turkey USA AVERAGE 39% Markets close to Ukraine are more likely to avoid news on the war It could be that people feel well enough informed/volume of coverage rather than lack of interest. Proportion of avoiders that say they avoid news about the war in Ukraine - selected markets: 34 Q Avoidance_topics_2023. Which of the following news topics are you trying to avoid? Base 2023 Those who avoid news sometimes or often; All =10840 UK: 260, US: 231, Germany: 210, Poland: 320, Czech Republic: 243, Hungary: 228, ; Romania: 226, Slovakia: 226; Bulgaria: 360, Turkey: 292
  • 35. Proportion of news avoiders that say they avoid news about each topic – USA and Finland 35 Q Avoidance_topics_2023. Which of the following news topics are you trying to avoid? Base 2023 Those who avoid news sometimes or often; All =10840 UK: 260, US: 231, Germany: 210, Poland: 320, Czech Republic: 243, Hungary: 228, ; Romania: 226, Slovakia: 226; Bulgaria: 360, Turkey: 292
  • 36. Proportion of news avoiders that say they avoid news about each topic, by political orientation – USA 36 Q Avoidance_topics_2023. Which of the following news topics are you trying to avoid? Base: Those who sometimes or often avoid news and avoid specific news topics on the Left = 103, Right = 76. Note: Differences of less than +/-10pp should be treated with caution due to small base sizes.
  • 37. 55% 46% 39% 38% 37% 35% 0% 20% 40% 60% Positive Solutions Explainers News about people like me Investigative Big stories of the day Much less interested in the latest details on big stories than general What approaches might help with news avoidance across markets? Avoiders are most interested in positive news and stories that offer solutions, least interested latest developments on big stories 37 News_interest_2023 How interested are you, if at all, in the following types of news? Net: Interested Base: Those who avoid the news sometimes or often: Global: 22467
  • 38. 33% 47% 50% 53% 57% 69% UK Ireland Sweden Norway Denmark Finland Northern Europe Western Europe 30% 38% 42% 43% 44% 57% France Austria Switzerland Germany Belgium Netherlan… 19% 33% 34% 34% 35% 58% Greece Spain Italy Croatia Turkey Portugal Southern Europe Eastern Europe 25% 27% 28% 30% 32% 42% Hungary Slovakia Bulgaria Czech Rep. Romania Poland 28% 28% 38% 38% 39% 39% 40% 42% 43% 45% 51% Taiwan South Korea Philippines India Indonesia Hong Kong Malaysia Japan Australia Singapore Thailand Asia Pacific Africa 30% 33% 35% 35% 36% 43% Argentina Peru Colombia Chile Mexico Brazil Latin America North America 57% 57% 63% Nigeria South Africa Kenya Proportion that trusts most news most of the time Trust is down in 15 markets, up in only 3 38 32% 40% United… Canada -5 -3 -7 -7 -4 -3 -3 -4 -8 -7 -4 -4 +4 -3 -5 -5 -8 +6 HIGHEST LOWEST Q6_2016_1. Thinking about news in general , do you agree or disagree with the following statements? - I think you can trust most news most of the time Base: Total sample in each country(n≈2000) +6
  • 39. Proportion that trusts most news most of the time (2015–2023) – Selected countries 39 Q6_2016_1. Thinking about news in general, do you agree or disagree with the following statements? – I think you can trust most news most of the time. Base: Total sample in each country-year ≈ 2000. Finland in 2015 = 1509.
  • 40. Exposure to media criticism and low trust may be linked 40 Q1_Criticism_2023. How often, if at all, do you see or hear people criticising journalists or the news media in <market>? Q6_2016_1. Thinking about news in general, do you agree or disagree with the following statements? – I think you can trust most news most of the time. Base: Total sample in each market ≈ 2000.
  • 41. Proportion that say public service media are important to them personally – Selected countries 41 Q1_PSM_2023g_1. ‘How important, or not, are publicly funded news services such as <brand> to you personally? Base: Total sample in each country ≈ 2000.
  • 42. Proportion that say public service media are important – UK and Germany 42 Q1_PSM_2023g_1/2. ‘How important, or not, are publicly funded news services such as <brand> to you personally/to society? Base: 18–24s/25–34s/35–44s/45–54s/55+ in UK = 198/251/327/334/997 and Germany = 184/305/301/375/847.
  • 43. Most prefer to read rather than watch but there are differences across markets Respondents in the Philippines say they prefer to watch rather than read. It’s very different in Finland. Across markets, under 35s are ore more likely to listen than older groups but still prefer reading to watching. 43 57% 36% 39% 49% 76% 78% 81% 30% 52% 40% 33% 16% 15% 12% 13% 12% 21% 18% 9% 7% 6% All Philippines India France Norway United Kingdom Finland Prefer to read Prefer to watch Prefer to listen 17% of U35s prefer to listen OPTQ11D_2020_rb. In thinking about your online habits around news and current affairs, which of the following statements applies best to you? Please select one. Base Global (exl DKs): 83132; U35: 25036; 35+: 58096
  • 44. 63% 18% 19% 71% 16% 13% 82% 13% 4% 81% 14% 6% 81% 14% 5% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Prefer to read Prefer to watch Prefer to listen 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55+ 5x more likely to prefer to listen cf 55+ Less likely to read More likely to watch Young are more likely to choose watching or listening, compared with older groups 44 OPTQ11D_2020_rb. In thinking about your online habits around news and current affairs, which of the following statements applies best to you? Please select one. Base UK= 1740 (excl DKs)
  • 45. Correlation between watching online news video and preference for watching news online – all markets 45 Q11_VIDEO_2018a. Thinking about when you used online news-related video (a short clip, a live stream, or a full episode) over the last week, which of the following did you do? OPTQ11D. In thinking about your online habits around news and current affairs, which of the following statements applies best to you? Base: Total sample in each market ≈ 2000.
  • 46. Proportion that watched online news video on each in the last week – all markets 46 Q11_VIDEO_2018a. Thinking about when you used online news-related video (a short clip, a live stream, or a full episode) over the last week, which of the following did you do? Please select all that apply. Base: 18–24s = 11,192, 25–34s = 16,918, 35+ = 65,785.
  • 47. 66% 79% 31% 23% 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 Video via social Video via News Websites Social vs websites over time – 18-24s video consumption Younger audiences rarely consume news video now via news websites or apps. In the last week, proportion of respondents who consumed online news video via: 47 Q11_VIDEO_2018a. Thinking about when you used online news-related video (a short clip, a live stream, or a full episode) over the last week, which of the following did you do? Please select all that apply.. Base: All Global: 93895; 18-24: 11192. Midpoint used for 2022 as question not asked Gap is another sign of weakening connection with news websites
  • 48. Monthly podcasts over time On average podcasts consumed monthly have grown from around a quarter to about a third (34%), but news podcasts have grown more slowly despite a big increase in supply. 48 28% 34% 10% 12% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 1 2 3 4 5 Any podcast News podcast Different types of podcast (2023) 20 countries aggregated over time 2019-23 56% 53% 41% 30% 19% 0% 20% 40% 60% 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55+ Younger age profile Q11F_2018. A podcast is an episodic series of digital audio files, which you can download, subscribe or listen to. Which of the following types of podcast have you listened to in the last month? Base: 2023; UK: 2107, USA: 2081, Germany: 2002, France: 2078, Italy: 2106, Spain: 2031, Ireland: 2035, Norway: 2022, Sweden: 2034, Finland: 2027, Denmark: Belgium: 2025, Netherlands: 2,022, Switzerland: 2037, Austria: 2029, Japan: 2009, Singapore: 2025, Australia: 2025, Canada: 2150, Argentina: 2014.
  • 49. @risj_oxford | #DNR23 Further Analysis and International Comparison
  • 50. @risj_oxford | #DNR23 Attitudes to Algorithms and their Impact on News
  • 51. Proportion that agree that each is a good way to get news – average of selected countries 51 Q10D_2016a_1/2/3. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. Having stories selected for me by editors and journalists/automatically selected for me on the basis of what I have consumed in the past/automatically selected for me on the basis of what my friends have consumed is a good way to get news. Base: Total samples in 2016 = 53,330, 2023 = 53,039. Note: Questions asked in USA, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, Greece, Turkey, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Canada, Brazil.
  • 52. Proportion that agree that each is a good way to get news (2016– 2023) – selected countries 52 Q10D_2016a_1/2/3. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. Having stories selected for me by editors and journalists/automatically selected for me on the basis of what I have consumed in the past/automatically selected for me on the basis of what my friends have consumed is a good way to get news. Base: Total sample in each country-year ≈ 2000.
  • 53. Proportion that agree that each is a good way to get news (by interest and trust in news) – average of selected countries 53 Q10D_2016a_1/2/3. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. Having stories selected for me by editors and journalists/automatically selected for me on the basis of what I have consumed in the past/automatically selected for me on the basis of what my friends have consumed is a good way to get news. Q1c. How interested, if at all, would you say you are in news? Q6_2016_1. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. I think you can trust most news most of the time. Base: Not at all/Not very/Somewhat/Very/Extremely interested = 1,767/4,875/19,602/17,966/8,053, Strongly disagree/Tend to disagree/Neither/Tend to agree/Strongly agree they trust most news most of the time = 4,724/10,364/16,047/18,932/2,972. Note: Questions asked in USA, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, Greece, Turkey, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Canada, Brazil.
  • 54. Proportion that agree that each is a good way to get news (by main way of getting news online) – average of selected countries 54 Q10D_2016a_1/2/3. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. Having stories selected for me by editors and journalists/automatically selected for me on the basis of what I have consumed in the past/automatically selected for me on the basis of what my friends have consumed is a good way to get news. Q10a_new2017_rc. Which of these was the main way in which you came across news in the last week? Base: Those that say their main way of getting news online was via algorithmically driven platform = 18,806, going direct to news websites/apps = 13,251. Note: Questions asked in USA, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, Greece, Turkey, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Canada, Brazil.
  • 55. Proportion that agree they are worried about each (2016–2023) – average of selected countries 55 Q10D_2016b_1/2. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements. I worry that more personalised news may mean that I miss out on important information/ challenging viewpoints. Base: Total samples in 2016 = 53,330, 2023 = 53,039. Note: Questions asked in USA, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, Greece, Turkey, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Canada, Brazil.
  • 56. @risj_oxford | #DNR23 Unpacking News Participation and Online Engagement over Time
  • 57. Proportion in each news participation segment (2018–2023) – all markets 57 Q13. During an average week in which, if any, of the following ways do you share or participate in news coverage? Please select all that apply. Base: Total sample in each market-year ≈ 2000. Note: Number of markets grew from 36 in 2018 to 46 from 2021 onwards. Markets listed in online methodology.
  • 58. Proportion in each news participation segment – all markets 58 Q13. During an average week in which, if any, of the following ways do you share or participate in news coverage? Please select all that apply. Base: Total sample in each market ≈ 2000.
  • 59. Proportion that have a negative experience engaging with news online (by political leaning) – selected markets 59 Q1_Participation_2023. How positive or negative is your experience of engagement with news online or on social media (e.g. reading or posting comments, talking to people about news, etc.)? Q1F. Some people talk about ‘left’, ‘right’, and ‘centre’ to describe parties and politicians. With this in mind, where would you place yourself on the following scale? Base: Left/Right in India = 490/249, Brazil = 492/529, Germany = 237/127, US = 535/447, UK = 409/274.
  • 60. Proportion with negative online news experiences that are trying to achieve each when changing what they see on online platforms – average of selected markets 60 Q2_Algorithms_2023. You said that you try to change what news and information you see on online platforms. What are you trying to achieve? Please select all that apply. Q1_Participation_2023. How positive or negative is your experience of engagement with news online or on social media (e.g. reading or posting comments, talking to people about news, etc.)? Base: Those with negative online news experiences who try to change what they see via their algorithm = 1994. Note: Question asked in USA, UK, Germany, Spain, Belgium, Netherlands, Turkey, Japan, South Korea, Hong Kong, and Brazil.
  • 61. Correlation between proportion who feel they must be careful when talking about politics online and proportion of active participators – all markets 61 Q2_Participation_2023. When talking about politics with people online (e.g. via social networks or messaging groups), how careful do you feel you have to be with what you say? Q13. During an average week in which, if any, of the following ways do you share or participate in news coverage? Please select all that apply. Base: Total sample in each market ≈ 2000.
  • 62. @risj_oxford | #DNR23 Sources and Drivers of News Media Criticism
  • 63. Proportion that quite often or very often hear people criticising journalists or the news media – all markets 63 Q1_Criticism_2023. How often, if at all, do you see or hear people criticising journalists or the news media in <country>? Base: Total sample in each market ≈ 2000.
  • 64. Proportion of those that have heard people criticising journalists or the news media that have heard criticism from each – all markets 64 Q2_Criticism_2023. Which of the following, if any, have you seen or heard criticising journalists or the news media in your country in the last year? Please select all that apply. Q1_Criticism_2023. How often, if at all, do you see or hear people criticising journalists or the news media in <country>? Base: Those who quite often or very often hear criticism of journalists or the news media = 77,363.
  • 65. Proportion of those that have heard people criticising journalists or the news media that have heard criticism from politicians or political activists – selected markets 65 Q2_Criticism_2023. Which of the following, if any, have you seen or heard criticising journalists or the news media in your country in the last year? Please select all that apply. Q1_Criticism_2023. How often, if at all, do you see or hear people criticising journalists or the news media in <country>? Base: Those who quite often or very often hear criticism of journalists or the news media ranging from Philippines = 2073 to Denmark = 1412.
  • 66. Proportion of those that have heard people criticising journalists or the news media that have heard criticism from each – average of selected markets 66 Q3_Criticism_2023. Where do you mainly see or hear criticism of journalists or the news media in <market>? Please select all that apply. Q1_Criticism_2023. How often, if at all, do you see or hear people criticising journalists or the news media in <market>? Base: Those who quite often or very often hear criticism of journalists or the news media aged 18–24 = 1,827, 25–34 = 3,039, 35–44 = 3,234, 45–54 = 3,345, 55+ = 7,948. Note: Question asked in USA, UK, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, Slovakia, Croatia, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore.
  • 67. @risj_oxford | #DNR23 The Importance of Public Service Media for Individuals and for Society
  • 68. Difference between proportion that think public service media news is important vs. unimportant – selected countries 68 19Q1_PSM_2023g_1/2. How important, or not, are publicly funded news services such as <brand> to you personally/for society? Base: Total sample in each country ≈ 2000.
  • 69. Proportion that think public service media news is important – selected countries 69 Q1_PSM_2023g_1/2. How important, or not, are publicly funded news services such as <brand> to you personally/for society? Base: Total sample in each country ≈ 2000.
  • 70. Proportion that say public service media news is important by frequency of public service media news use – selected countries 70 21Q1_PSM_2023g_1/2. How important, or not, are publicly funded news services such as <brand> to you personally/for society? Q5AI/BI. You said you have used the following brands to access news offline/online in the last week ... Which of these, if any, did you use on 3 days or more? Please select all that apply. Base: Those that used public service media news Not at all/Once or twice a week/Three times or more a week in Finland = 615/266/1,146, Japan = 1,098/194/717, Spain = 1,455/206/307, UK = 681/224/1,202.
  • 71. Predicted effect of age on likelihood of thinking public service media news is important for society – selected countries 71 Note: Predictions based on binomial logistic regression model. Variables included are age, political leaning, education, and public service media use. Data from total samples in Finland, Japan, Spain, and the UK are pooled with fixed effects for country. Shaded areas show 95% confidence intervals
  • 72. Proportion that used a print brand online or offline in the last week by perceived importance of public service media news – selected countries 72 Q5A/B. Which of the following brands have you used to access news offline/online in the last week? Please select all that apply. Q1_PSM_2023g_1/2. How important, or not, are publicly funded news services such as <brand> to you personally/for society? Base: Neither or Unimportant/Important for me in Finland = 563/1,430, Japan = 1,311/622, Spain = 1,139/842, UK = 1,004/1,009 and Neither or Unimportant/ Important for society in Finland = 384/1,607, Japan = 1,277/649, Spain = 1,024/945, UK = 843/11,57.
  • 73. @risj_oxford | #DNR23 News Podcasts: Who is Listening and What Formats are Working?
  • 74. Proportion that listened to a podcast in the last month (2018– 2023) – selected markets 74 MARKETSQ11F_2018. A podcast is an episodic series of digital audio files, which you can download, subscribe, or listen to. Which of the following types of podcast have you listened to in the last month? Please select all that apply. Base: Total sample in each country-year ≈ 2000. Note: Question asked in UK, USA, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Japan, Singapore, Australia, Canada, and Argentina (since 2019).
  • 75. Profile of those that listened to a podcast in the last month – average of selected countries 75 COUNTRIESQ11F_2018. A podcast is an episodic series of digital audio files, which you can download, subscribe or listen to. Which of the following types of podcast have you listened to in the last month? Base: Men/Women = 23,689/25,286, 18–24s/25–34s/35–44s/45–54s/55+: 4844/7853/8369/ 8305/19,604, Low/Medium/High/Degree education 10,301/20,755/17,919/13,485, Low/Medium/High income = 11,235/19,134/11,133. Note: Question asked in UK, USA, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Japan, Singapore, Australia, Canada, and Argentina (since 2019).
  • 76. Proportion that listened to a news podcast in the last month – selected countries 76 Q11F_2018. A podcast is an episodic series of digital audio files, which you can download, subscribe, or listen to. Which of the following types of podcasts have you listened to in the last month? Please select all that apply. Base: Total sample in each country ≈ 2000.
  • 77. News podcast typology with examples of each 77
  • 78. Podcast Name Producer Type Av episode length 1 The Daily New York Times Deep dive 24m 2 Joe Rogan Experience Joe Rogan/Spotify Extended chat 3hr 10m 3 Pod Save America Crooked Media Extended chat 1hr 15m 4 Up First NPR News round-up 13m 5 Ben Shapiro Show Daily Wire Extended chat 1hr 8m 6 Rachel Maddow Show MSNBC Extended chat 45m 7 Dan Bongino Show Cumulus Podcast Network Extended chat 55m 8 Morning Wire Daily Wire News round-up 14m 9 NPR Politics podcast NPR News round-up 15m 10 Apple News Today Apple News News round-up 10m Top podcasts in the United States The Daily remains the most widely listened to news podcast in the US but extended chat formats, mostly male hosted are an important feature of the market. 78 The Daily, New York Times Michael Barbaro Spotify Joe Rogan 10% of podcast hosts people are paying most attention to are men 64% 6% of top shows listened to originate from outside the United States Q2_Podcasts_2023. You say that you have listened to a news podcast in the last month... which news podcasts do you listen to regularly? Base: News podcast listeners = 418 of named podcasts come from public broadcaster NPR
  • 79. Podcast Name Producer Type Av episode length 1= The Rest is Politics Goalhanger podcasts Extended chat 43m 1= Newscast BBC News Extended chat 31m 1= The News Agents Global Media Extended chat 35m 4 Americast BBC News Extended chat 42m 5 Today in Focus The Guardian Deep dive 29m 6 Ukrainecast BBC News Extended chat 32m 7 The NS Podcast New Statesman Extended chat 24m 8 Joe Rogan Experience Joe Rogan/Spotify Extended chat 3hr 10m 9 The Trawl Jemma Forte & Marina Purkiss Extended chat 35m 10 Oh God What Now Podmasters Extended chat 1hr 6m Top podcasts in the United Kingdom The Rest is Politics 79 Goalhanger podcasts Alastair Campbell and Rory Stewart Newscast, BBC News Adam Fleming 31% of podcast hosts of top mentioned shows are men 75% 4% of top podcasts listened to originate from outside the United Kingdom Q2_Podcasts_2023. You say that you have listened to a news podcast in the last month... which news podcasts do you listen to regularly? Base: News podcast listeners = 161 of mentioned podcasts come from the BBC (public broadcaster)
  • 80. Top podcasts in Australia 80 Q2_Podcasts_2023. You say that you have listened to a news podcast in the last month... which news podcasts do you listen to regularly? Base: News podcast listeners = 293
  • 81. Podcast Name Producer Type Av episode length 1 Oppdatert NRK (public broadcaster) Deep dive 15m 2 Forklart Aftenposten Deep dive 15m 3 Aftenpodden Aftenposten Extended chat 1hr 15m 4 Dagsnytt 18 NRK Extended chat 59m 5 Urix NRK Deep dive 30m Top podcasts in Norway and Denmark 81 41% of named news podcasts are Norwegian. 15% from other countries 85% Q2_Podcasts_2023. You say that you have listened to a news podcast in the last month... which news podcasts do you listen to regularly? Base: News podcast listeners Norway = 289 of named podcasts are from public broadcaster NHK NORWAY Podcast Name Producer Type Av episode length 1 Genstart DR (public broadcaster) Deep dive 15m 2 Orientering DR (public broadcaster) Deep dive 30m 3 Dato TV2 Deep dive 15m 4 Tiden DR (public broadcaster) Round up 30m 5 Det vi taler om BT Extended chat 55m DENMARK 51% 91% of named news podcasts are from public broadcaster DR of named news podcasts are Danish, just 9% from other countries Q2_Podcasts_2023. You say that you have listened to a news podcast in the last month... which news podcasts do you listen to regularly? Base: News podcast listeners Denmark = 260 Q2_Podcasts_2023. You say that you have listened to a news podcast in the last month... which news podcasts do you listen to regularly? Base: News podcast listeners = 289 / 260.
  • 82. Proportion of podcast listeners that use each platform for podcasts – selected countries 82 POD2. Which of the following apps or websites do you mainly use to find and play podcasts? Please select all that apply. Base: Those that listened to a podcast in the last month in USA = 891, UK = 607, Australia = 773, Germany = 574.
  • 83. @risj_oxford | #DNR23 Country and market data
  • 101. Czech Republic – Changing Media
  • 187. Hong Kong – Changing Media
  • 188. Hong Kong – Trust
  • 208. South Korea – Changing Media
  • 209. South Korea – Trust
  • 224. South Africa – Changing Media
  • 226. @risj_oxford | #DNR23 Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2023