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PARIBHASHA
IN
RASA SHASTRA
PART-I
Dr. SOMIL DUBEY
B.A.M.S, M.D (RS & BK)
MEDICAL OFFICER, M.P GOVERMENT
Importance of paribhasha
(definitions)
Such terminologies which brings out clarification
to hidden, untold, half-told and doubtful matters
of subjects is called Paribhasha or definitions in
Rasashastra.
The learner of subject must be well versed with
these terms before going into the subjects as by
understanding them he will never fail in subject.
Dhanvantari bhaga
After the medicine is prepared certain part for
any preparation is fixed that is offered to the
physician in the name of Dhanvantari bhaga by
which the patient gets relief from his disease.
The part is-
• half part for mercurial preparations.
•One eight in case of Taila (medicated oils), ghee
and avlehas (confections).
•One seventh for metallic preparations, powders,
pills.
Rudrabhaga
One eleventh of the money the retailer collects
from the patients on the purchase of drugs is
commissioned to physician in name of rudra
bhaga.
If a physician collects more commission than the
prescribed above and gives spurious medicines
he is called Visvasghati vaidya.
Lavanapanchaka (five salts)
•Saindhava lavana (rock salt)
•Samudra lavana (common salt or sea salt)
•Bida lavana (ammonium chloride)
•Sauvarcha (black salt)
•Romaka lavana (lake salt)
if Chullika lavana is added to above it is
called Shada lavana.
Lavanatrika (three salts)
 Saindhava lavana (rock salt)
 Ruchaka (black salt)
 Bida lavana
Kshara dvaya and traya
(group of two and three
alkalies)
Svarji kshara (sodium bicarbonate)
Yava kshara (alkali preparation of barley ash
containing Potassium bicarbonate and
Potassium carbonate)
Adding Tankana (borax) to above two makes
Kshara traya.
Kshara Panchaka (five
alkalies)
Ksharas of
• Palasha (Butea monosperma)
•Muskaka (Stereospermum suaveolens)
•Tila kshara (Sesamum indicum)
•Yavakshara
•Svarjikshara
Kshara ashtaka (eight
alkalies)
Alkalies of
•Snuhi (Euphorbia nerifolia)
•Palasha (Butea monosperma)
•Apamarga (Achyranthes aspera)
•Chincha (Tamarindus indicum)
•Arka (Calotropis gigantea)
•Tila (Sesamum indicum)
•Yavakshara
•Svarjikshara
Mutrashtaka (eight mutras)
Eight mutras (urine) are collectively called as
Mutrashtaka
1. She sheep
2. She goat
3. Cow
4. She buffalo
5. Male Elephant
6. Male camel
7. Male horse
8. Male ass
Amlavarga (group of sour
drugs)
Jambira, nimbuka (citrus indicus), Amlavetasa
(garcinia indica), Amlika (Tamarind), Naranga
(Tangerine), Dadima (pomegranate), Vrushakamla
(cocum), Bijapuraka (citrus fruit), Changeri (Oxalia
corniculata), Chanakamla (sour liquid taken from
the plant of bengal gram. Karkandhu (Ziyphus
jujuba), Karamardaka, Chukrika are commonly
called as Amlavarga. They are used for
purification, liquefaction and digestion of the drugs
of mercurial kingdom.
Amlapanchaka (five sour
drugs)
Amla vetasa
Jambira
Matulunga
Naranga
Nimbuka
Panchamrittika (Five clays)
Equal powders of-
•Brick
•Ash
•Earth from ant-hill
•Gairika (red ochre)
•Salt (saindhava lavana)
Panchatikta (five bitter drugs)
1. Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia)
2. Nimba (Azadirachta indica)
3. Patola (Trichosanthes cucumerina)
4. Vasa (Adhatoda vasica)
5. Kantakari (Solanum xanthocarpum)
All these five are taken in equal quantity
Madhura traya (three sweet
drugs)
Ghee, jaggery and honey taken in equal quantity
is called as Madhura traya.
Panchamruta (five nectars)
 Cow’s milk
 curd of cow’s milk
 cow’s ghee
 honey and
 sugar these five in equal quantity.
Panchagavyam
1. Milk
2. Curd
3. Ghee
4. Urine
5. Cow dung (liquid part)
These five products or bi-products of cow
taken are taken in equal quantity.
Ksheera traya (three milky
latexes)
The latexes of
1. Arka (Calotropis gigantea)
2. Vata (Ficus bengalensis)
3. Snuhi (Euphorbia nerifoli)
Dugha varga (group of milks)
Milk of –
She elephant, mare, cow, female sheep, she goat,
she camel, she buffalo, she ass, woman,
kakodumbara, snuhi, dugdhika (Euphorbia hitra),
udumbara (Ficus racemosa), arka, nyagrodha,
asvatha and tilvaka.
Taila varga (group of oils)
Tila, sarsapa, dhatura, bhallataka, eranda,
neemba beeja, jaypala, danti, kusumbha and
aalsi.
Definitions in Rasa Shastra part 1

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Definitions in Rasa Shastra part 1

  • 1. PARIBHASHA IN RASA SHASTRA PART-I Dr. SOMIL DUBEY B.A.M.S, M.D (RS & BK) MEDICAL OFFICER, M.P GOVERMENT
  • 2. Importance of paribhasha (definitions) Such terminologies which brings out clarification to hidden, untold, half-told and doubtful matters of subjects is called Paribhasha or definitions in Rasashastra. The learner of subject must be well versed with these terms before going into the subjects as by understanding them he will never fail in subject.
  • 3. Dhanvantari bhaga After the medicine is prepared certain part for any preparation is fixed that is offered to the physician in the name of Dhanvantari bhaga by which the patient gets relief from his disease. The part is- • half part for mercurial preparations. •One eight in case of Taila (medicated oils), ghee and avlehas (confections). •One seventh for metallic preparations, powders, pills.
  • 4. Rudrabhaga One eleventh of the money the retailer collects from the patients on the purchase of drugs is commissioned to physician in name of rudra bhaga. If a physician collects more commission than the prescribed above and gives spurious medicines he is called Visvasghati vaidya.
  • 5. Lavanapanchaka (five salts) •Saindhava lavana (rock salt) •Samudra lavana (common salt or sea salt) •Bida lavana (ammonium chloride) •Sauvarcha (black salt) •Romaka lavana (lake salt) if Chullika lavana is added to above it is called Shada lavana.
  • 6. Lavanatrika (three salts)  Saindhava lavana (rock salt)  Ruchaka (black salt)  Bida lavana
  • 7. Kshara dvaya and traya (group of two and three alkalies) Svarji kshara (sodium bicarbonate) Yava kshara (alkali preparation of barley ash containing Potassium bicarbonate and Potassium carbonate) Adding Tankana (borax) to above two makes Kshara traya.
  • 8. Kshara Panchaka (five alkalies) Ksharas of • Palasha (Butea monosperma) •Muskaka (Stereospermum suaveolens) •Tila kshara (Sesamum indicum) •Yavakshara •Svarjikshara
  • 9. Kshara ashtaka (eight alkalies) Alkalies of •Snuhi (Euphorbia nerifolia) •Palasha (Butea monosperma) •Apamarga (Achyranthes aspera) •Chincha (Tamarindus indicum) •Arka (Calotropis gigantea) •Tila (Sesamum indicum) •Yavakshara •Svarjikshara
  • 10. Mutrashtaka (eight mutras) Eight mutras (urine) are collectively called as Mutrashtaka 1. She sheep 2. She goat 3. Cow 4. She buffalo 5. Male Elephant 6. Male camel 7. Male horse 8. Male ass
  • 11. Amlavarga (group of sour drugs) Jambira, nimbuka (citrus indicus), Amlavetasa (garcinia indica), Amlika (Tamarind), Naranga (Tangerine), Dadima (pomegranate), Vrushakamla (cocum), Bijapuraka (citrus fruit), Changeri (Oxalia corniculata), Chanakamla (sour liquid taken from the plant of bengal gram. Karkandhu (Ziyphus jujuba), Karamardaka, Chukrika are commonly called as Amlavarga. They are used for purification, liquefaction and digestion of the drugs of mercurial kingdom.
  • 12. Amlapanchaka (five sour drugs) Amla vetasa Jambira Matulunga Naranga Nimbuka
  • 13. Panchamrittika (Five clays) Equal powders of- •Brick •Ash •Earth from ant-hill •Gairika (red ochre) •Salt (saindhava lavana)
  • 14. Panchatikta (five bitter drugs) 1. Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) 2. Nimba (Azadirachta indica) 3. Patola (Trichosanthes cucumerina) 4. Vasa (Adhatoda vasica) 5. Kantakari (Solanum xanthocarpum) All these five are taken in equal quantity
  • 15. Madhura traya (three sweet drugs) Ghee, jaggery and honey taken in equal quantity is called as Madhura traya.
  • 16. Panchamruta (five nectars)  Cow’s milk  curd of cow’s milk  cow’s ghee  honey and  sugar these five in equal quantity.
  • 17. Panchagavyam 1. Milk 2. Curd 3. Ghee 4. Urine 5. Cow dung (liquid part) These five products or bi-products of cow taken are taken in equal quantity.
  • 18. Ksheera traya (three milky latexes) The latexes of 1. Arka (Calotropis gigantea) 2. Vata (Ficus bengalensis) 3. Snuhi (Euphorbia nerifoli)
  • 19. Dugha varga (group of milks) Milk of – She elephant, mare, cow, female sheep, she goat, she camel, she buffalo, she ass, woman, kakodumbara, snuhi, dugdhika (Euphorbia hitra), udumbara (Ficus racemosa), arka, nyagrodha, asvatha and tilvaka.
  • 20. Taila varga (group of oils) Tila, sarsapa, dhatura, bhallataka, eranda, neemba beeja, jaypala, danti, kusumbha and aalsi.