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DEED OF
DARJEELING,1835
 Contents:
Brief History of Darjeeling
Darjeeling Deed, 1835
Darjeeling Provided
Deed Threatened
Development of Darjeeling After the 1835 Deed
Breif History of
Darjeeling…….
The history of Darjeeling is directly linked with that of
Sikkim, Nepal, Bhutan & British Empire (before India’s
independence).
Before 1780s-Darjeeling (area between rivers Mechi &
Teesta) was part of Sikkim; Kalingpong area was part of
Bhutan who taken it from Sikkim.
1780-The Gorkha army attackes Sikkim in a series
of 17 invasions & took away land upto Teesta &
also attacked Rabdentse.
Treaty of Saugali 1816- After Anglo-Gorkha war
(1814-1816), Nepal cedes the land between Mechi &
Teesta to the East India Company.
Treaty of Titalia(1817)-TheBritish hands over
those land to the Sikkimese Chogyal.
Discovery of Darjeeling
(1829)-George Alymer
Lloyd & J.W.Grant visit
Darjeeling while resolving
Sikkim & Nepal border
dispute, being impressed
asked East India Company
to posses this area as
sanatorium.
Darjeeling Deed,1835
After the Treaty of Titalia, the British increased
their influence on Sikkim.
1835, British forced the Chogyal to gift Darjeeling
as “Sanatorium”.
English men were facing problem due to hot
climate & wanted to spend holidays in cooler hill
station.
Darjeeling was gifted “out of
friendship”.
Deed was signed by Tsedup
Namgyal in 1835.
“All the lands South of Great
Runjeet, east of Balasur, Kahail
& Little Runjeet & West of
Rangpo & Mahanadi” was
presented to the compacy
Therefore the company Govt. is taking charge of
the above said land.
The Kuchaws , Karthaks, Dingpongs,
Chowdhuries along with Rayats will no longer be
under the control of the Chogyal.
From the date of proclamation, the Lepchas,
Bhutias, Meches & Dhimmals & all the people
residing under this regions are now Rayats of the
company Govt.
Darjeeling provided……
Facilities in free trade.
Extensive forest land for cultivation .
This caused a number of Lepchas & Nepalese
to migrate & settle in Darjeeling.
Deed Of Grant
Threatened…….
Monopoly of the Bhutia families.
Aged population & inter-tribe relationship.
Relationship of Sikkim with Bhutan, Nepal & Tibet & further
worsening with the Britisher (1850-1860)(due to imprisonment of
superintendant Dr.Camphbell & botanist J.D.Hooker by
Chogyal’s minster Tokyang Namgyal in 1849).
As a result, 28th March 1861 Peace Treaty was singed in
Tumlong & thus Sikkim became British dependant.
Devolopment of Darjeeling
after the 1835 Deed……..
1835-Darjeeling Family Hotel established.
1839-First Post Office was established.
1841-Tea Plantation was started in Darjeeling by
Dr.Camphbell.
1847-Loreto School was set up.
1849-1852-Old Military Cart Road linking Pankhabari,
Kurseong, Ghoom & Dajeeling constructed.
1850-Darjeeling Municipality was constituted.
1859-First Tea Factory was set up in makaibari.
1862-Cinchona plantation was started.
1864-St.Paul’s School was started.
1865-Darjeeling Hill Cart Road completed from
Kurseong to Darjeeling.
1866-Kalingpong (part of Bhutan) was incorporated
into Darjeeling District.
1868-Planter’s Club was set up.
1873-First Annual General Meeting of Darjeeling
planters’ were held.
1878-North Bengal Railway opened.
1881-Darjeeling Himalayan Railways from Darjeeling
completed.
1883-Eden Sanatorium came
into existence.
1891-Sub-division of
Kurseong was formed.
1898-Sidrapong Hyel Power
Project introduced.
1907-Siliguri sub-dvision was
created.
THANK
YOU

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Deed of darjeeling,1835

  • 2.  Contents: Brief History of Darjeeling Darjeeling Deed, 1835 Darjeeling Provided Deed Threatened Development of Darjeeling After the 1835 Deed
  • 3.
  • 4. Breif History of Darjeeling……. The history of Darjeeling is directly linked with that of Sikkim, Nepal, Bhutan & British Empire (before India’s independence). Before 1780s-Darjeeling (area between rivers Mechi & Teesta) was part of Sikkim; Kalingpong area was part of Bhutan who taken it from Sikkim.
  • 5. 1780-The Gorkha army attackes Sikkim in a series of 17 invasions & took away land upto Teesta & also attacked Rabdentse. Treaty of Saugali 1816- After Anglo-Gorkha war (1814-1816), Nepal cedes the land between Mechi & Teesta to the East India Company. Treaty of Titalia(1817)-TheBritish hands over those land to the Sikkimese Chogyal.
  • 6. Discovery of Darjeeling (1829)-George Alymer Lloyd & J.W.Grant visit Darjeeling while resolving Sikkim & Nepal border dispute, being impressed asked East India Company to posses this area as sanatorium.
  • 7. Darjeeling Deed,1835 After the Treaty of Titalia, the British increased their influence on Sikkim. 1835, British forced the Chogyal to gift Darjeeling as “Sanatorium”. English men were facing problem due to hot climate & wanted to spend holidays in cooler hill station.
  • 8. Darjeeling was gifted “out of friendship”. Deed was signed by Tsedup Namgyal in 1835. “All the lands South of Great Runjeet, east of Balasur, Kahail & Little Runjeet & West of Rangpo & Mahanadi” was presented to the compacy
  • 9. Therefore the company Govt. is taking charge of the above said land. The Kuchaws , Karthaks, Dingpongs, Chowdhuries along with Rayats will no longer be under the control of the Chogyal. From the date of proclamation, the Lepchas, Bhutias, Meches & Dhimmals & all the people residing under this regions are now Rayats of the company Govt.
  • 10.
  • 11. Darjeeling provided…… Facilities in free trade. Extensive forest land for cultivation . This caused a number of Lepchas & Nepalese to migrate & settle in Darjeeling.
  • 12. Deed Of Grant Threatened……. Monopoly of the Bhutia families. Aged population & inter-tribe relationship. Relationship of Sikkim with Bhutan, Nepal & Tibet & further worsening with the Britisher (1850-1860)(due to imprisonment of superintendant Dr.Camphbell & botanist J.D.Hooker by Chogyal’s minster Tokyang Namgyal in 1849). As a result, 28th March 1861 Peace Treaty was singed in Tumlong & thus Sikkim became British dependant.
  • 13. Devolopment of Darjeeling after the 1835 Deed…….. 1835-Darjeeling Family Hotel established. 1839-First Post Office was established. 1841-Tea Plantation was started in Darjeeling by Dr.Camphbell. 1847-Loreto School was set up.
  • 14.
  • 15. 1849-1852-Old Military Cart Road linking Pankhabari, Kurseong, Ghoom & Dajeeling constructed. 1850-Darjeeling Municipality was constituted. 1859-First Tea Factory was set up in makaibari. 1862-Cinchona plantation was started. 1864-St.Paul’s School was started. 1865-Darjeeling Hill Cart Road completed from Kurseong to Darjeeling.
  • 16.
  • 17. 1866-Kalingpong (part of Bhutan) was incorporated into Darjeeling District. 1868-Planter’s Club was set up. 1873-First Annual General Meeting of Darjeeling planters’ were held. 1878-North Bengal Railway opened. 1881-Darjeeling Himalayan Railways from Darjeeling completed.
  • 18.
  • 19. 1883-Eden Sanatorium came into existence. 1891-Sub-division of Kurseong was formed. 1898-Sidrapong Hyel Power Project introduced. 1907-Siliguri sub-dvision was created.