SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Cybersecurity terms:
threats and cyber
attacks.
The case of Catalan
Marta Grané Franch, TERMCAT
Cybersecurity in numbers
2016: every 40 seconds
2021: a cyber attack
worldwide every 11
seconds
Represents 1% of world GDP
2021: global cost of $6
billion annually
79% of companies say that
finding suitable talent in
cybersecurity is "very difficult"
400% increase
in cyber attacks since
the pandemic
Telecom security incidents 2020: Annual report: European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA)
La ciberseguretat a Catalunya: Informe tecnològic 2020: Gencat. ACCIÓ: Agència de Ciberseguretat de Catalunya
The sector in Catalonia
361 companies €820,6 M turnover 700 employees
La ciberseguretat a Catalunya: Informe tecnològic 2020: Gencat. ACCIÓ: Agència de Ciberseguretat de Catalunya
Terminologia
de la
ciberseguretat
Online dictionary 2016-2021
https://www.termcat.cat/ca/diccionaris
-en-linia/239
400 entries
Catalan, Spanish, French, English
Definitions
Exemple:
Terminologia de la ciberseguretat
Online dictionary 2016-2021
https://www.termcat.cat/ca/diccionaris
-en-linia/239
Different types
of cybersecurity
terminology
Loan translation
amenaça / threat
atac d’autenticació / authentication attack
denegació de servei, DoS / denial-of-service, DoS
criptomoneder / crypto wallet
frau del clic / click fraud
galeta / cookie
internet de les coses / Internet of Things
signatura cega / blind signature
wayhomestudio - www.freepik.com
apilament d’anuncis /ad stacking
atac d’abeurador / watering hole attack
balena / whale
cavall de Troia / Trojan horse
memòria cau / cache memory
mineria / mining
ordinador zombi / zombie computer
tallafoc / firewall
tecnologia a l’ombra / shadow IT
web fosc / dark web
web profund / deep web
wirestock - www.freepik.com
Loan translation with metaphor
ciberseducció de menors / grooming
criptomineria furtiva / cryptojacking
escolta clandestina / eavesdropping
hipertrucatge / deepfake
reproducció en línia / streaming
estafa de la fortuna, cartes nigerianes /Nigerian scam
www.freepik.com
Catalan alternatives
altcoin
bitcoin
hacking
script
sèxting
CAPTCHA
Wi-Fi
Created by pvproductions - www.freepik.com
Loan word, borrowed term
as Catalan alternative
assalt de videoconferència / zoombombing
[Intrusion into Zoom videocall technology]




atac Sybil / Sybil attack
[From the book "Sybil", from Flora Rheta Schreiber,
in which the protagonist
suffers from an identity disorder]
Racool_studio - www.freepik.com
Inclusion of proper names
atac BlackNurse / BlackNurse attack
[former jobs of the two researchers who discovered the
attack: blacksmith and nurse]




atac meow / Meow attack
[original data is overwritten
with random characters
including "meow"]
8photo - www.freepik.com
No apparent semantic
motivation
How do we promote
the use of Catalan
terms?
Involvement
of experts and users


Discussion about Catalan alternatives
Consensus on published proposals
Resolution of doubts about concepts
Contact with institutions in the sector
svstudioart - www.freepik.es
Dissemination of terminology
How are Catalan
terms used?
Sociolinguistic
conditions
Creation and use of terminology
in a Catalan social context
with concrete specificities.
English
Creation of terms
In international contexts,
often in English.
Communication between
experts
Media, training ...
Possibility of alternatives
in our own language (Catalan),
to facilitate understanding.
Informative contexts
Terms in use
Study on use and knowledge
Survey of 39 professionals in the sector
"Do you use the cybersecurity terms
in their English form or in Catalan?"
MORTE, Meritxell. La neologia de la ciberseguretat en llengua catalana [en línia]:
Barcelona: Institut d'Estudis Catalans. Societat Catalana de Terminologia, 2021
Some survey results
PROGRAMARI
SOFTWARE
CÒPIA DE SEGURETAT
BACKUP
CORREU BROSSA
JUNK MAIL / SPAM
I know the Catalan form
I use it or I would use it
85% 81% 72%
85% 87% 80%
MORTE, Meritxell. La neologia de la ciberseguretat en llengua catalana [en línia]:
Barcelona: Institut d'Estudis Catalans. Societat Catalana de Terminologia, 2021
PROGRAMARI MALICIÓS
MALWARE
WEB FOSC
DARK WEB
CADENA DE BLOCS
BLOCKCHAIN
69%
22% 22%
74% 85%
39%
MORTE, Meritxell. La neologia de la ciberseguretat en llengua catalana [en línia]:
Barcelona: Institut d'Estudis Catalans. Societat Catalana de Terminologia, 2021
I know the Catalan form
i use it or I would use it
Some survey results
Factors that favor
implantation


First appearance of Catalan term proposed
compared with English term


Type of term proposed:
literal translations and loans more likely to be used


Previous documentation in texts
Created by 8photo - www.freepik.es
MORTE, Meritxell. La neologia de la ciberseguretat en llengua catalana [en línia]:
Barcelona: Institut d'Estudis Catalans. Societat Catalana de Terminologia, 2021
rawpixel.com - www.freepik.es
To sum up...
Identification of a
strategic sector


Detection of
terminological cases


Diffusion of alternatives,
with the involvement of
the sector


Usage evaluation
Gràcies / Thanks
martagrane@termcat.cat
www.termcat.cat
twitter.com/termcat | facebook.com/termcat

More Related Content

Similar to Cybersecurity terms: threats and cyber attacks. The case of Catalan. Marta Grané

Internet das Coisas, Blockchain e NovaGenesis
Internet das Coisas, Blockchain e NovaGenesisInternet das Coisas, Blockchain e NovaGenesis
Internet das Coisas, Blockchain e NovaGenesis
Antonio Marcos Alberti
 
Cyber crime p pt
Cyber crime p ptCyber crime p pt
Cyber crime p pt
Hemant
 
[4YFN]Cyber Security Innovation, an urgent call to cyber heroes SM
[4YFN]Cyber Security Innovation, an urgent call to cyber heroes SM[4YFN]Cyber Security Innovation, an urgent call to cyber heroes SM
[4YFN]Cyber Security Innovation, an urgent call to cyber heroes SM
Carlos Valderrama
 
Artificial Intelligence and Quantum Cryptography
Artificial Intelligence and Quantum CryptographyArtificial Intelligence and Quantum Cryptography
Artificial Intelligence and Quantum Cryptography
Petar Radanliev
 
Cyber crime
Cyber  crimeCyber  crime
Cyber crime
Prachi ranpura
 
Cyber crime
Cyber  crimeCyber  crime
Cyber crime
Prachi ranpura
 
Cryptology - Antônio Lacerda
Cryptology - Antônio LacerdaCryptology - Antônio Lacerda
Cryptology - Antônio Lacerda
Rodrigo Almeida
 
INTRODUCING SOME LATEST TECHNOLOGIES IN LESOTHO, MANY LATEST TECHNOLOGIES HAV...
INTRODUCING SOME LATEST TECHNOLOGIES IN LESOTHO, MANY LATEST TECHNOLOGIES HAV...INTRODUCING SOME LATEST TECHNOLOGIES IN LESOTHO, MANY LATEST TECHNOLOGIES HAV...
INTRODUCING SOME LATEST TECHNOLOGIES IN LESOTHO, MANY LATEST TECHNOLOGIES HAV...
malekemanoha4
 
Hack the Hackers 2012: Client Side Hacking – Targeting the User
Hack the Hackers 2012: Client Side Hacking – Targeting the UserHack the Hackers 2012: Client Side Hacking – Targeting the User
Hack the Hackers 2012: Client Side Hacking – Targeting the User
New Horizons Bulgaria
 
Application Final Project Introduction Evolution of Cybercrimes.docx
Application Final Project Introduction Evolution of Cybercrimes.docxApplication Final Project Introduction Evolution of Cybercrimes.docx
Application Final Project Introduction Evolution of Cybercrimes.docx
alfredai53p
 
Cyber crime modified
Cyber crime modifiedCyber crime modified
Cyber crime modified
Debabrata Samanta
 
Cryptography And Embedded Systems Used
Cryptography And Embedded Systems UsedCryptography And Embedded Systems Used
Cryptography And Embedded Systems Used
Carla Bennington
 
Webinar: Securing Mobile Banking Apps
Webinar: Securing Mobile Banking AppsWebinar: Securing Mobile Banking Apps
Webinar: Securing Mobile Banking Apps
Wultra
 
Cyberterrorismv1
Cyberterrorismv1Cyberterrorismv1
Cyberterrorismv1
100688767-barrett
 
Inside TorrentLocker (Cryptolocker) Malware C&C Server
Inside TorrentLocker (Cryptolocker) Malware C&C Server Inside TorrentLocker (Cryptolocker) Malware C&C Server
Inside TorrentLocker (Cryptolocker) Malware C&C Server
Davide Cioccia
 
Modern technologies and cybersecurity
Modern technologies and cybersecurityModern technologies and cybersecurity
Modern technologies and cybersecurity
VadimDavydov3
 
Cyber Crime
Cyber CrimeCyber Crime
Cyberterrorism final
Cyberterrorism finalCyberterrorism final
Cyberterrorism final
sudheerreddy59
 
Strategies to protect innovation in artificial intelligence and machine learning
Strategies to protect innovation in artificial intelligence and machine learningStrategies to protect innovation in artificial intelligence and machine learning
Strategies to protect innovation in artificial intelligence and machine learning
Bastian Best
 
Cyber security
Cyber securityCyber security
Cyber security
Krishanu Ghosh
 

Similar to Cybersecurity terms: threats and cyber attacks. The case of Catalan. Marta Grané (20)

Internet das Coisas, Blockchain e NovaGenesis
Internet das Coisas, Blockchain e NovaGenesisInternet das Coisas, Blockchain e NovaGenesis
Internet das Coisas, Blockchain e NovaGenesis
 
Cyber crime p pt
Cyber crime p ptCyber crime p pt
Cyber crime p pt
 
[4YFN]Cyber Security Innovation, an urgent call to cyber heroes SM
[4YFN]Cyber Security Innovation, an urgent call to cyber heroes SM[4YFN]Cyber Security Innovation, an urgent call to cyber heroes SM
[4YFN]Cyber Security Innovation, an urgent call to cyber heroes SM
 
Artificial Intelligence and Quantum Cryptography
Artificial Intelligence and Quantum CryptographyArtificial Intelligence and Quantum Cryptography
Artificial Intelligence and Quantum Cryptography
 
Cyber crime
Cyber  crimeCyber  crime
Cyber crime
 
Cyber crime
Cyber  crimeCyber  crime
Cyber crime
 
Cryptology - Antônio Lacerda
Cryptology - Antônio LacerdaCryptology - Antônio Lacerda
Cryptology - Antônio Lacerda
 
INTRODUCING SOME LATEST TECHNOLOGIES IN LESOTHO, MANY LATEST TECHNOLOGIES HAV...
INTRODUCING SOME LATEST TECHNOLOGIES IN LESOTHO, MANY LATEST TECHNOLOGIES HAV...INTRODUCING SOME LATEST TECHNOLOGIES IN LESOTHO, MANY LATEST TECHNOLOGIES HAV...
INTRODUCING SOME LATEST TECHNOLOGIES IN LESOTHO, MANY LATEST TECHNOLOGIES HAV...
 
Hack the Hackers 2012: Client Side Hacking – Targeting the User
Hack the Hackers 2012: Client Side Hacking – Targeting the UserHack the Hackers 2012: Client Side Hacking – Targeting the User
Hack the Hackers 2012: Client Side Hacking – Targeting the User
 
Application Final Project Introduction Evolution of Cybercrimes.docx
Application Final Project Introduction Evolution of Cybercrimes.docxApplication Final Project Introduction Evolution of Cybercrimes.docx
Application Final Project Introduction Evolution of Cybercrimes.docx
 
Cyber crime modified
Cyber crime modifiedCyber crime modified
Cyber crime modified
 
Cryptography And Embedded Systems Used
Cryptography And Embedded Systems UsedCryptography And Embedded Systems Used
Cryptography And Embedded Systems Used
 
Webinar: Securing Mobile Banking Apps
Webinar: Securing Mobile Banking AppsWebinar: Securing Mobile Banking Apps
Webinar: Securing Mobile Banking Apps
 
Cyberterrorismv1
Cyberterrorismv1Cyberterrorismv1
Cyberterrorismv1
 
Inside TorrentLocker (Cryptolocker) Malware C&C Server
Inside TorrentLocker (Cryptolocker) Malware C&C Server Inside TorrentLocker (Cryptolocker) Malware C&C Server
Inside TorrentLocker (Cryptolocker) Malware C&C Server
 
Modern technologies and cybersecurity
Modern technologies and cybersecurityModern technologies and cybersecurity
Modern technologies and cybersecurity
 
Cyber Crime
Cyber CrimeCyber Crime
Cyber Crime
 
Cyberterrorism final
Cyberterrorism finalCyberterrorism final
Cyberterrorism final
 
Strategies to protect innovation in artificial intelligence and machine learning
Strategies to protect innovation in artificial intelligence and machine learningStrategies to protect innovation in artificial intelligence and machine learning
Strategies to protect innovation in artificial intelligence and machine learning
 
Cyber security
Cyber securityCyber security
Cyber security
 

More from TERMCAT

Les plataformes de streaming: Une terminologie interdisciplinaire. Marta Grané
Les plataformes de streaming: Une terminologie interdisciplinaire. Marta GranéLes plataformes de streaming: Une terminologie interdisciplinaire. Marta Grané
Les plataformes de streaming: Une terminologie interdisciplinaire. Marta Grané
TERMCAT
 
The terminology of current affairs. Marta Grané, Marta Sabater, Sandra Cuadrado
The terminology of current affairs. Marta Grané, Marta Sabater, Sandra CuadradoThe terminology of current affairs. Marta Grané, Marta Sabater, Sandra Cuadrado
The terminology of current affairs. Marta Grané, Marta Sabater, Sandra Cuadrado
TERMCAT
 
Investigating domain loss. Marta Grané, Carmen Staiano
Investigating domain loss. Marta Grané, Carmen StaianoInvestigating domain loss. Marta Grané, Carmen Staiano
Investigating domain loss. Marta Grané, Carmen Staiano
TERMCAT
 
Diccionari de seguretat alimentària. Elisabeth Casademont
Diccionari de seguretat alimentària. Elisabeth CasademontDiccionari de seguretat alimentària. Elisabeth Casademont
Diccionari de seguretat alimentària. Elisabeth Casademont
TERMCAT
 
El TERMCAT i la normalització terminològica. Dolors Montes
El TERMCAT i la normalització terminològica. Dolors MontesEl TERMCAT i la normalització terminològica. Dolors Montes
El TERMCAT i la normalització terminològica. Dolors Montes
TERMCAT
 
La terminologia i el tractament dels manlleus en català. Dolors Montes
La terminologia i el tractament dels manlleus en català. Dolors MontesLa terminologia i el tractament dels manlleus en català. Dolors Montes
La terminologia i el tractament dels manlleus en català. Dolors Montes
TERMCAT
 
La Terminologia de l’educació per a la salut: un consens necessari per als r...
La Terminologia de l’educació per a la salut:  un consens necessari per als r...La Terminologia de l’educació per a la salut:  un consens necessari per als r...
La Terminologia de l’educació per a la salut: un consens necessari per als r...
TERMCAT
 
Termes a bon terme: Comunicació i terminologia. Xavier Fargas
Termes a bon terme: Comunicació i terminologia. Xavier FargasTermes a bon terme: Comunicació i terminologia. Xavier Fargas
Termes a bon terme: Comunicació i terminologia. Xavier Fargas
TERMCAT
 
La incorporació i formació de neologismes terminològics en el català. Xavier ...
La incorporació i formació de neologismes terminològics en el català. Xavier ...La incorporació i formació de neologismes terminològics en el català. Xavier ...
La incorporació i formació de neologismes terminològics en el català. Xavier ...
TERMCAT
 
TERMCAT, the Catalan Centre for Terminology: Terms, resources and new challen...
TERMCAT, the Catalan Centre for Terminology: Terms, resources and new challen...TERMCAT, the Catalan Centre for Terminology: Terms, resources and new challen...
TERMCAT, the Catalan Centre for Terminology: Terms, resources and new challen...
TERMCAT
 
Eduard Fontserè i l'Assaig d'un vocabulari meteorològic català. Marta Sabater
Eduard Fontserè i l'Assaig d'un vocabulari meteorològic català. Marta SabaterEduard Fontserè i l'Assaig d'un vocabulari meteorològic català. Marta Sabater
Eduard Fontserè i l'Assaig d'un vocabulari meteorològic català. Marta Sabater
TERMCAT
 
Com fer més senzill l'ús de la terminologia de la salut en llengua catalana. ...
Com fer més senzill l'ús de la terminologia de la salut en llengua catalana. ...Com fer més senzill l'ús de la terminologia de la salut en llengua catalana. ...
Com fer més senzill l'ús de la terminologia de la salut en llengua catalana. ...
TERMCAT
 
Presentació del Diccionari de dansa clàssica. Marta Sabater i Jordi Bover
Presentació del Diccionari de dansa clàssica. Marta Sabater i Jordi BoverPresentació del Diccionari de dansa clàssica. Marta Sabater i Jordi Bover
Presentació del Diccionari de dansa clàssica. Marta Sabater i Jordi Bover
TERMCAT
 
Els termes de la COVID-19, més de prop. M. Antònia Julià
Els termes de la COVID-19, més de prop. M. Antònia JuliàEls termes de la COVID-19, més de prop. M. Antònia Julià
Els termes de la COVID-19, més de prop. M. Antònia Julià
TERMCAT
 
Com fer més senzill l'ús de la terminologia de la salut en català. M. Antònia...
Com fer més senzill l'ús de la terminologia de la salut en català. M. Antònia...Com fer més senzill l'ús de la terminologia de la salut en català. M. Antònia...
Com fer més senzill l'ús de la terminologia de la salut en català. M. Antònia...
TERMCAT
 
The terms and the concepts behind the culture of consent. Sandra Cuadrado, Bá...
The terms and the concepts behind the culture of consent. Sandra Cuadrado, Bá...The terms and the concepts behind the culture of consent. Sandra Cuadrado, Bá...
The terms and the concepts behind the culture of consent. Sandra Cuadrado, Bá...
TERMCAT
 
Terminologia de les ciències de la terra: Equip de treball i portal web. Jord...
Terminologia de les ciències de la terra: Equip de treball i portal web. Jord...Terminologia de les ciències de la terra: Equip de treball i portal web. Jord...
Terminologia de les ciències de la terra: Equip de treball i portal web. Jord...
TERMCAT
 
Terms, resources and new challenges. Sandra Cuadrado
Terms, resources and new challenges. Sandra CuadradoTerms, resources and new challenges. Sandra Cuadrado
Terms, resources and new challenges. Sandra Cuadrado
TERMCAT
 
Communication and terminology: the humanization of a new discourse. Sandra Cu...
Communication and terminology: the humanization of a new discourse. Sandra Cu...Communication and terminology: the humanization of a new discourse. Sandra Cu...
Communication and terminology: the humanization of a new discourse. Sandra Cu...
TERMCAT
 
Terminologia en temps de pandèmia. Un escenari insòlit. M. Antònia Julià
Terminologia en temps de pandèmia. Un escenari insòlit. M. Antònia JuliàTerminologia en temps de pandèmia. Un escenari insòlit. M. Antònia Julià
Terminologia en temps de pandèmia. Un escenari insòlit. M. Antònia Julià
TERMCAT
 

More from TERMCAT (20)

Les plataformes de streaming: Une terminologie interdisciplinaire. Marta Grané
Les plataformes de streaming: Une terminologie interdisciplinaire. Marta GranéLes plataformes de streaming: Une terminologie interdisciplinaire. Marta Grané
Les plataformes de streaming: Une terminologie interdisciplinaire. Marta Grané
 
The terminology of current affairs. Marta Grané, Marta Sabater, Sandra Cuadrado
The terminology of current affairs. Marta Grané, Marta Sabater, Sandra CuadradoThe terminology of current affairs. Marta Grané, Marta Sabater, Sandra Cuadrado
The terminology of current affairs. Marta Grané, Marta Sabater, Sandra Cuadrado
 
Investigating domain loss. Marta Grané, Carmen Staiano
Investigating domain loss. Marta Grané, Carmen StaianoInvestigating domain loss. Marta Grané, Carmen Staiano
Investigating domain loss. Marta Grané, Carmen Staiano
 
Diccionari de seguretat alimentària. Elisabeth Casademont
Diccionari de seguretat alimentària. Elisabeth CasademontDiccionari de seguretat alimentària. Elisabeth Casademont
Diccionari de seguretat alimentària. Elisabeth Casademont
 
El TERMCAT i la normalització terminològica. Dolors Montes
El TERMCAT i la normalització terminològica. Dolors MontesEl TERMCAT i la normalització terminològica. Dolors Montes
El TERMCAT i la normalització terminològica. Dolors Montes
 
La terminologia i el tractament dels manlleus en català. Dolors Montes
La terminologia i el tractament dels manlleus en català. Dolors MontesLa terminologia i el tractament dels manlleus en català. Dolors Montes
La terminologia i el tractament dels manlleus en català. Dolors Montes
 
La Terminologia de l’educació per a la salut: un consens necessari per als r...
La Terminologia de l’educació per a la salut:  un consens necessari per als r...La Terminologia de l’educació per a la salut:  un consens necessari per als r...
La Terminologia de l’educació per a la salut: un consens necessari per als r...
 
Termes a bon terme: Comunicació i terminologia. Xavier Fargas
Termes a bon terme: Comunicació i terminologia. Xavier FargasTermes a bon terme: Comunicació i terminologia. Xavier Fargas
Termes a bon terme: Comunicació i terminologia. Xavier Fargas
 
La incorporació i formació de neologismes terminològics en el català. Xavier ...
La incorporació i formació de neologismes terminològics en el català. Xavier ...La incorporació i formació de neologismes terminològics en el català. Xavier ...
La incorporació i formació de neologismes terminològics en el català. Xavier ...
 
TERMCAT, the Catalan Centre for Terminology: Terms, resources and new challen...
TERMCAT, the Catalan Centre for Terminology: Terms, resources and new challen...TERMCAT, the Catalan Centre for Terminology: Terms, resources and new challen...
TERMCAT, the Catalan Centre for Terminology: Terms, resources and new challen...
 
Eduard Fontserè i l'Assaig d'un vocabulari meteorològic català. Marta Sabater
Eduard Fontserè i l'Assaig d'un vocabulari meteorològic català. Marta SabaterEduard Fontserè i l'Assaig d'un vocabulari meteorològic català. Marta Sabater
Eduard Fontserè i l'Assaig d'un vocabulari meteorològic català. Marta Sabater
 
Com fer més senzill l'ús de la terminologia de la salut en llengua catalana. ...
Com fer més senzill l'ús de la terminologia de la salut en llengua catalana. ...Com fer més senzill l'ús de la terminologia de la salut en llengua catalana. ...
Com fer més senzill l'ús de la terminologia de la salut en llengua catalana. ...
 
Presentació del Diccionari de dansa clàssica. Marta Sabater i Jordi Bover
Presentació del Diccionari de dansa clàssica. Marta Sabater i Jordi BoverPresentació del Diccionari de dansa clàssica. Marta Sabater i Jordi Bover
Presentació del Diccionari de dansa clàssica. Marta Sabater i Jordi Bover
 
Els termes de la COVID-19, més de prop. M. Antònia Julià
Els termes de la COVID-19, més de prop. M. Antònia JuliàEls termes de la COVID-19, més de prop. M. Antònia Julià
Els termes de la COVID-19, més de prop. M. Antònia Julià
 
Com fer més senzill l'ús de la terminologia de la salut en català. M. Antònia...
Com fer més senzill l'ús de la terminologia de la salut en català. M. Antònia...Com fer més senzill l'ús de la terminologia de la salut en català. M. Antònia...
Com fer més senzill l'ús de la terminologia de la salut en català. M. Antònia...
 
The terms and the concepts behind the culture of consent. Sandra Cuadrado, Bá...
The terms and the concepts behind the culture of consent. Sandra Cuadrado, Bá...The terms and the concepts behind the culture of consent. Sandra Cuadrado, Bá...
The terms and the concepts behind the culture of consent. Sandra Cuadrado, Bá...
 
Terminologia de les ciències de la terra: Equip de treball i portal web. Jord...
Terminologia de les ciències de la terra: Equip de treball i portal web. Jord...Terminologia de les ciències de la terra: Equip de treball i portal web. Jord...
Terminologia de les ciències de la terra: Equip de treball i portal web. Jord...
 
Terms, resources and new challenges. Sandra Cuadrado
Terms, resources and new challenges. Sandra CuadradoTerms, resources and new challenges. Sandra Cuadrado
Terms, resources and new challenges. Sandra Cuadrado
 
Communication and terminology: the humanization of a new discourse. Sandra Cu...
Communication and terminology: the humanization of a new discourse. Sandra Cu...Communication and terminology: the humanization of a new discourse. Sandra Cu...
Communication and terminology: the humanization of a new discourse. Sandra Cu...
 
Terminologia en temps de pandèmia. Un escenari insòlit. M. Antònia Julià
Terminologia en temps de pandèmia. Un escenari insòlit. M. Antònia JuliàTerminologia en temps de pandèmia. Un escenari insòlit. M. Antònia Julià
Terminologia en temps de pandèmia. Un escenari insòlit. M. Antònia Julià
 

Recently uploaded

The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – OECD – June 2024 OECD...
The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – OECD – June 2024 OECD...The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – OECD – June 2024 OECD...
The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – OECD – June 2024 OECD...
OECD Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs
 
怎么办理(lincoln学位证书)英国林肯大学毕业证文凭学位证书原版一模一样
怎么办理(lincoln学位证书)英国林肯大学毕业证文凭学位证书原版一模一样怎么办理(lincoln学位证书)英国林肯大学毕业证文凭学位证书原版一模一样
怎么办理(lincoln学位证书)英国林肯大学毕业证文凭学位证书原版一模一样
kekzed
 
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – OECD – June 2024 OECD discussion
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – OECD – June 2024 OECD discussionArtificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – OECD – June 2024 OECD discussion
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – OECD – June 2024 OECD discussion
OECD Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs
 
ServiceNow CIS-ITSM Exam Dumps & Questions [2024]
ServiceNow CIS-ITSM Exam Dumps & Questions [2024]ServiceNow CIS-ITSM Exam Dumps & Questions [2024]
ServiceNow CIS-ITSM Exam Dumps & Questions [2024]
SkillCertProExams
 
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – LIM – June 2024 OECD discussion
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – LIM – June 2024 OECD discussionArtificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – LIM – June 2024 OECD discussion
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – LIM – June 2024 OECD discussion
OECD Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs
 
BRIC_2024_2024-06-06-11:30-haunschild_archival_version.pdf
BRIC_2024_2024-06-06-11:30-haunschild_archival_version.pdfBRIC_2024_2024-06-06-11:30-haunschild_archival_version.pdf
BRIC_2024_2024-06-06-11:30-haunschild_archival_version.pdf
Robin Haunschild
 
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – ROBSON – June 202...
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – ROBSON – June 202...Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – ROBSON – June 202...
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – ROBSON – June 202...
OECD Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs
 
The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – CAPEL – June 2024 OEC...
The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – CAPEL – June 2024 OEC...The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – CAPEL – June 2024 OEC...
The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – CAPEL – June 2024 OEC...
OECD Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs
 
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – SCHREPEL – June 2024 OECD dis...
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – SCHREPEL – June 2024 OECD dis...Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – SCHREPEL – June 2024 OECD dis...
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – SCHREPEL – June 2024 OECD dis...
OECD Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs
 
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – OECD – June 2024 ...
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – OECD – June 2024 ...Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – OECD – June 2024 ...
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – OECD – June 2024 ...
OECD Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs
 
Using-Presentation-Software-to-the-Fullf.pptx
Using-Presentation-Software-to-the-Fullf.pptxUsing-Presentation-Software-to-the-Fullf.pptx
Using-Presentation-Software-to-the-Fullf.pptx
kainatfatyma9
 
Proposal: The Ark Project and The BEEP Inc
Proposal: The Ark Project and The BEEP IncProposal: The Ark Project and The BEEP Inc
Proposal: The Ark Project and The BEEP Inc
Raheem Muhammad
 
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – ČORBA – June 2024 OECD discus...
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – ČORBA – June 2024 OECD discus...Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – ČORBA – June 2024 OECD discus...
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – ČORBA – June 2024 OECD discus...
OECD Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs
 
Carrer goals.pptx and their importance in real life
Carrer goals.pptx  and their importance in real lifeCarrer goals.pptx  and their importance in real life
Carrer goals.pptx and their importance in real life
artemacademy2
 
Disaster Management project for holidays homework and other uses
Disaster Management project for holidays homework and other usesDisaster Management project for holidays homework and other uses
Disaster Management project for holidays homework and other uses
RIDHIMAGARG21
 
Pro-competitive Industrial Policy – LANE – June 2024 OECD discussion
Pro-competitive Industrial Policy – LANE – June 2024 OECD discussionPro-competitive Industrial Policy – LANE – June 2024 OECD discussion
Pro-competitive Industrial Policy – LANE – June 2024 OECD discussion
OECD Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs
 
XP 2024 presentation: A New Look to Leadership
XP 2024 presentation: A New Look to LeadershipXP 2024 presentation: A New Look to Leadership
XP 2024 presentation: A New Look to Leadership
samililja
 
Why Psychological Safety Matters for Software Teams - ACE 2024 - Ben Linders.pdf
Why Psychological Safety Matters for Software Teams - ACE 2024 - Ben Linders.pdfWhy Psychological Safety Matters for Software Teams - ACE 2024 - Ben Linders.pdf
Why Psychological Safety Matters for Software Teams - ACE 2024 - Ben Linders.pdf
Ben Linders
 
The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – COLANGELO – June 2024...
The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – COLANGELO – June 2024...The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – COLANGELO – June 2024...
The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – COLANGELO – June 2024...
OECD Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs
 
Pro-competitive Industrial Policy – OECD – June 2024 OECD discussion
Pro-competitive Industrial Policy – OECD – June 2024 OECD discussionPro-competitive Industrial Policy – OECD – June 2024 OECD discussion
Pro-competitive Industrial Policy – OECD – June 2024 OECD discussion
OECD Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs
 

Recently uploaded (20)

The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – OECD – June 2024 OECD...
The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – OECD – June 2024 OECD...The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – OECD – June 2024 OECD...
The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – OECD – June 2024 OECD...
 
怎么办理(lincoln学位证书)英国林肯大学毕业证文凭学位证书原版一模一样
怎么办理(lincoln学位证书)英国林肯大学毕业证文凭学位证书原版一模一样怎么办理(lincoln学位证书)英国林肯大学毕业证文凭学位证书原版一模一样
怎么办理(lincoln学位证书)英国林肯大学毕业证文凭学位证书原版一模一样
 
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – OECD – June 2024 OECD discussion
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – OECD – June 2024 OECD discussionArtificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – OECD – June 2024 OECD discussion
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – OECD – June 2024 OECD discussion
 
ServiceNow CIS-ITSM Exam Dumps & Questions [2024]
ServiceNow CIS-ITSM Exam Dumps & Questions [2024]ServiceNow CIS-ITSM Exam Dumps & Questions [2024]
ServiceNow CIS-ITSM Exam Dumps & Questions [2024]
 
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – LIM – June 2024 OECD discussion
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – LIM – June 2024 OECD discussionArtificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – LIM – June 2024 OECD discussion
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – LIM – June 2024 OECD discussion
 
BRIC_2024_2024-06-06-11:30-haunschild_archival_version.pdf
BRIC_2024_2024-06-06-11:30-haunschild_archival_version.pdfBRIC_2024_2024-06-06-11:30-haunschild_archival_version.pdf
BRIC_2024_2024-06-06-11:30-haunschild_archival_version.pdf
 
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – ROBSON – June 202...
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – ROBSON – June 202...Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – ROBSON – June 202...
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – ROBSON – June 202...
 
The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – CAPEL – June 2024 OEC...
The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – CAPEL – June 2024 OEC...The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – CAPEL – June 2024 OEC...
The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – CAPEL – June 2024 OEC...
 
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – SCHREPEL – June 2024 OECD dis...
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – SCHREPEL – June 2024 OECD dis...Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – SCHREPEL – June 2024 OECD dis...
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – SCHREPEL – June 2024 OECD dis...
 
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – OECD – June 2024 ...
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – OECD – June 2024 ...Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – OECD – June 2024 ...
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – OECD – June 2024 ...
 
Using-Presentation-Software-to-the-Fullf.pptx
Using-Presentation-Software-to-the-Fullf.pptxUsing-Presentation-Software-to-the-Fullf.pptx
Using-Presentation-Software-to-the-Fullf.pptx
 
Proposal: The Ark Project and The BEEP Inc
Proposal: The Ark Project and The BEEP IncProposal: The Ark Project and The BEEP Inc
Proposal: The Ark Project and The BEEP Inc
 
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – ČORBA – June 2024 OECD discus...
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – ČORBA – June 2024 OECD discus...Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – ČORBA – June 2024 OECD discus...
Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition – ČORBA – June 2024 OECD discus...
 
Carrer goals.pptx and their importance in real life
Carrer goals.pptx  and their importance in real lifeCarrer goals.pptx  and their importance in real life
Carrer goals.pptx and their importance in real life
 
Disaster Management project for holidays homework and other uses
Disaster Management project for holidays homework and other usesDisaster Management project for holidays homework and other uses
Disaster Management project for holidays homework and other uses
 
Pro-competitive Industrial Policy – LANE – June 2024 OECD discussion
Pro-competitive Industrial Policy – LANE – June 2024 OECD discussionPro-competitive Industrial Policy – LANE – June 2024 OECD discussion
Pro-competitive Industrial Policy – LANE – June 2024 OECD discussion
 
XP 2024 presentation: A New Look to Leadership
XP 2024 presentation: A New Look to LeadershipXP 2024 presentation: A New Look to Leadership
XP 2024 presentation: A New Look to Leadership
 
Why Psychological Safety Matters for Software Teams - ACE 2024 - Ben Linders.pdf
Why Psychological Safety Matters for Software Teams - ACE 2024 - Ben Linders.pdfWhy Psychological Safety Matters for Software Teams - ACE 2024 - Ben Linders.pdf
Why Psychological Safety Matters for Software Teams - ACE 2024 - Ben Linders.pdf
 
The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – COLANGELO – June 2024...
The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – COLANGELO – June 2024...The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – COLANGELO – June 2024...
The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy – COLANGELO – June 2024...
 
Pro-competitive Industrial Policy – OECD – June 2024 OECD discussion
Pro-competitive Industrial Policy – OECD – June 2024 OECD discussionPro-competitive Industrial Policy – OECD – June 2024 OECD discussion
Pro-competitive Industrial Policy – OECD – June 2024 OECD discussion
 

Cybersecurity terms: threats and cyber attacks. The case of Catalan. Marta Grané

  • 1. Cybersecurity terms: threats and cyber attacks. The case of Catalan Marta Grané Franch, TERMCAT
  • 2. Cybersecurity in numbers 2016: every 40 seconds 2021: a cyber attack worldwide every 11 seconds Represents 1% of world GDP 2021: global cost of $6 billion annually 79% of companies say that finding suitable talent in cybersecurity is "very difficult" 400% increase in cyber attacks since the pandemic Telecom security incidents 2020: Annual report: European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA) La ciberseguretat a Catalunya: Informe tecnològic 2020: Gencat. ACCIÓ: Agència de Ciberseguretat de Catalunya
  • 3. The sector in Catalonia 361 companies €820,6 M turnover 700 employees La ciberseguretat a Catalunya: Informe tecnològic 2020: Gencat. ACCIÓ: Agència de Ciberseguretat de Catalunya
  • 4. Terminologia de la ciberseguretat Online dictionary 2016-2021 https://www.termcat.cat/ca/diccionaris -en-linia/239 400 entries Catalan, Spanish, French, English Definitions
  • 5. Exemple: Terminologia de la ciberseguretat Online dictionary 2016-2021 https://www.termcat.cat/ca/diccionaris -en-linia/239
  • 7. Loan translation amenaça / threat atac d’autenticació / authentication attack denegació de servei, DoS / denial-of-service, DoS criptomoneder / crypto wallet frau del clic / click fraud galeta / cookie internet de les coses / Internet of Things signatura cega / blind signature wayhomestudio - www.freepik.com
  • 8. apilament d’anuncis /ad stacking atac d’abeurador / watering hole attack balena / whale cavall de Troia / Trojan horse memòria cau / cache memory mineria / mining ordinador zombi / zombie computer tallafoc / firewall tecnologia a l’ombra / shadow IT web fosc / dark web web profund / deep web wirestock - www.freepik.com Loan translation with metaphor
  • 9. ciberseducció de menors / grooming criptomineria furtiva / cryptojacking escolta clandestina / eavesdropping hipertrucatge / deepfake reproducció en línia / streaming estafa de la fortuna, cartes nigerianes /Nigerian scam www.freepik.com Catalan alternatives
  • 10. altcoin bitcoin hacking script sèxting CAPTCHA Wi-Fi Created by pvproductions - www.freepik.com Loan word, borrowed term as Catalan alternative
  • 11. assalt de videoconferència / zoombombing [Intrusion into Zoom videocall technology] atac Sybil / Sybil attack [From the book "Sybil", from Flora Rheta Schreiber, in which the protagonist suffers from an identity disorder] Racool_studio - www.freepik.com Inclusion of proper names
  • 12. atac BlackNurse / BlackNurse attack [former jobs of the two researchers who discovered the attack: blacksmith and nurse] atac meow / Meow attack [original data is overwritten with random characters including "meow"] 8photo - www.freepik.com No apparent semantic motivation
  • 13. How do we promote the use of Catalan terms?
  • 14. Involvement of experts and users Discussion about Catalan alternatives Consensus on published proposals Resolution of doubts about concepts Contact with institutions in the sector svstudioart - www.freepik.es
  • 17. Sociolinguistic conditions Creation and use of terminology in a Catalan social context with concrete specificities. English Creation of terms In international contexts, often in English. Communication between experts Media, training ... Possibility of alternatives in our own language (Catalan), to facilitate understanding. Informative contexts
  • 19. Study on use and knowledge Survey of 39 professionals in the sector "Do you use the cybersecurity terms in their English form or in Catalan?" MORTE, Meritxell. La neologia de la ciberseguretat en llengua catalana [en línia]: Barcelona: Institut d'Estudis Catalans. Societat Catalana de Terminologia, 2021
  • 20. Some survey results PROGRAMARI SOFTWARE CÒPIA DE SEGURETAT BACKUP CORREU BROSSA JUNK MAIL / SPAM I know the Catalan form I use it or I would use it 85% 81% 72% 85% 87% 80% MORTE, Meritxell. La neologia de la ciberseguretat en llengua catalana [en línia]: Barcelona: Institut d'Estudis Catalans. Societat Catalana de Terminologia, 2021
  • 21. PROGRAMARI MALICIÓS MALWARE WEB FOSC DARK WEB CADENA DE BLOCS BLOCKCHAIN 69% 22% 22% 74% 85% 39% MORTE, Meritxell. La neologia de la ciberseguretat en llengua catalana [en línia]: Barcelona: Institut d'Estudis Catalans. Societat Catalana de Terminologia, 2021 I know the Catalan form i use it or I would use it Some survey results
  • 22. Factors that favor implantation First appearance of Catalan term proposed compared with English term Type of term proposed: literal translations and loans more likely to be used Previous documentation in texts Created by 8photo - www.freepik.es MORTE, Meritxell. La neologia de la ciberseguretat en llengua catalana [en línia]: Barcelona: Institut d'Estudis Catalans. Societat Catalana de Terminologia, 2021
  • 23. rawpixel.com - www.freepik.es To sum up... Identification of a strategic sector Detection of terminological cases Diffusion of alternatives, with the involvement of the sector Usage evaluation