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MONITORING WEATHER 
AND CLIMATE FROM SPACE 
EUMETCast User Forum 
Current and Future Satellite Services
EUMETSAT current programmes 
03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 YEAR... 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 
METEOSAT FIRST GENERATION 
METEOSAT-7 
METEOSAT SECOND GENERATION 
METEOSAT-8 
METEOSAT-9 
Mandatory Programmes 
METEOSAT-10 
EUMETSAT POLAR SYSTEM (EPS) 
MSG-4/METEOSAT-11* 
METOP-C 
METOP-A 
JASON 
METOP-B 
JASON-3 
Optional Programmes 
JASON-2 
YEAR... 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 
2 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
METOP A-B 
(LOW-EARTH, SUN – SYNCHRONOUS ORBIT) 
EUMETSAT POLAR SYSTEM/INITIAL JOINT POLAR SYSTEM 
3 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 
JASON-2 (shared with CNES, NOAA) 
(LOW-EARTH, 63° INCL. NON SYNCHRONOUS ORBIT) 
OCEAN SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY MISSION 
METEOSAT 8-9-10 (2nd GENERATION) 
(GEOSTATIONARY ORBIT) 
TWO-SATELLITE SYSTEM: 
- METEOSAT-10: FULL DISK IMAGERY MISSION AT 0° (15 MN) 
- METEOSAT-9: RAPID SCAN SERVICE OVER EUROPE AT 9.5°E (5 MN) 
METEOSAT – 7 (1st GENERATION) 
(GEOSTATIONARY ORBIT) 
INDIAN OCEAN DATA COVERAGE MISSION AT 57°5 E 
(UNTILL END 2016) 
Current EUMETSAT satellites 
- METEOSAT- 8: BACK UP AT 3.5°E
Access to Near Real-time data : EUMETCast 
EUMETCast Users Worldwide as of 30 June 2014 
4 
3 
500+ 
201-500 
51-200 
11-50 
2-10 
1 User 
0 User 
EUMETCast Americas 
SES 6, C-BAND 
EUMETCast Africa 
EUTELSAT 5 WEST A, C-BAND 
4 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 
EUMETCast Europe 
EUTELSAT 9 A, KU-BAND 
User Distribution: 
• 3304 users worldwide 
• 4200 stations
0° and Indian Ocean Data Coverage (until end 2016) 
Meteosat-10 (0° Longitude, FES) 
Meteosat-7 (57.5° E, IODC) 
60 N 
0 
160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 
5 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 
60 S
Indian Ocean Data Coverage 
 Meteosat-7, launched on 2 September 1997, has been providing the 57.5°E 
IODC services since 5 December 2006 
 Meteosat-7 will be de-orbited during Spring 2017 and IODC supported services 
discontinued end of 2016/early 2017 
 IODC by EUMETSAT is a best effort undertaking which reflects a Council 
decision to use residual Meteosat First Generation capability for this purpose, in 
the context of a temporary data gap over the Indian Ocean 
 International discussions (EUMETSAT, India, China, Russia) on-going to secure 
continuity/consolidation of IODC services in the WMO/CGMS framework 
 Meteosat-7 as a benchmark 
 IODC services should be similar to or better and should fulfil the needs of the 
WMO User Community 
6 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
The EUMETSAT Polar System is part of the Initial Joint 
Polar System shared with the US 
7 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
Dual Metop operations: global winds & impact on NWP 
Global dual Metop winds 
Operational on 18 September 2014 
8 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
Trends and distribution of Sea Level Rise 
9 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
Current programmes: highlights (1/2) 
• Continuity of main services secured for 5 years: Metop-B 
and Meteosat-10 are both healthy primary satellites 
• Temporary enhancements of main services: 
• Increase of availability of Meteosat imagery services using ageing 
Meteosat-8 as a back up 
• Dual Metop service delivers two real time data streams with 
additional positive impact on global NWP 
• Meteosat-7 IODC mission until end of 2016: discussion with 
other operators to continue/consolidate IODC services 
10 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
Current programmes: highlights (2/2) 
• Timeliness of delivery of global Metop-B data further 
improved using McMurdo 
• EARS regional data services expanded in scope and 
coverage, RARS Africa project proposed 
• Last satellites of current generation scheduled for launch 
in 2015 (MSG-4 & Jason-3) and 2018 (Metop-C) 
• Smooth transition with next generation MTG & EPS-SG in the 
2020 timeframe 
11 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
EUMETSAT current and future programmes 
03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 YEAR... 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 
METEOSAT FIRST GENERATION 
METEOSAT-7 
METEOSAT SECOND GENERATION 
METEOSAT-10 
MSG-4/METEOSAT-11* 
METEOSAT THIRD GENERATION 
METEOSAT-8 
METEOSAT-9 
Mandatory Programmes 
EUMETSAT POLAR SYSTEM (EPS) 
MTG-I-1 : IMAGERY 
MTG-S-1: SOUNDING 
MTG-I-2: IMAGERY 
METOP-A 
Optional Programmes 
JASON-2 
METOP-B 
12 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 
MTG-I-3: IMAGERY 
MTG-S-2: SOUNDING 
MTG-I-4: IMAGERY 
METOP-C 
EPS-SECOND GENERATION (EPS-SG) 
METOP-SG A: SOUNDING AND IMAGERY 
METOP-SG B: MICROWAVE IMAGERY 
JASON 
JASON-3 
JASON-CS/SENTINEL-6 
YEAR... 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
EUMETSAT future programmes: approval status 
MTG: Approved, under development 
Sentinel-4 approved (2 instruments funded by ESA) 
13 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 
Jason-CS : Proposed, to be approved in 2015 
Phase B2 approved at ESA CMIN12 
EPS-SG : approval process started in July 2014 
Metop-SG programme approved at ESA CMIN12 
Sentinel-5 development started/approved by PBEO
Meteosat Third Generation 
 Primary mission: support nowcasting/Short Range Forecasting 
of high impact weather 
 Continuity and enhancement of MSG imagery services 
 New lightning imaging capability 
 New, innovative infrared hyper-spectral 
sounding mission: world premiere 
 Secondary mission: air quality monitoring over Europe 
 Synergy between Sentinel-4, IRS and imagery 
 6-satellite programme (4 MTG-I and 2 MTG-S) to cover 2019-40 
14 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
Meteosat Third Generation: MTG-I and MTG-S missions 
MTG-I imagery mission implemented by a two-satellite system: 
 Advanced imager (FCI) 
 Full disk imagery every 10 minutes in 16 spectral bands 
 Fast imaging of European weather every 2.5 minutes 
 New Lightning Imager (LI) 
MTG-S sounding mission: 
 Hyperspectral infrared (IRS): 
 3D mapping of water vapour, temperature, O3 every 30 minutes 
over Europe 
 Will carry the Copernicus Sentinel-4 Ultraviolet sounder 
 Air quality monitoring, in synergy with IRS instrument 
15 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
1=VIS0.6 2=VIS0.8 
3=NIR1.6 
4=IR3.9 5=WV6.2 6=WV7.3 7=IR8.7 
8=IR9.7 9=IR10.8 10=IR12.0 11=IR13.4 
16 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 
12=HRV 
Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) 
Solar 
3.0 km 
Thermal 
3.0 km 
1.0 km
3=VIS0.6 4=VIS0.8 
1=VIS0.4 2=VIS0.5 5=NIR0.9 6=NIR1.3 
7=NIR1.6 
9=IR3.8 10=WV6.2 11=WV7.3 12=IR8.7 
13=IR9.7 14=IR10.5 15=IR12.3 16=IR13.3 
17 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 
8=NIR2.2 
Meteosat Third Generation (MTG) 
Solar 
1.0 km 
Thermal 
2.0 km
NIR2.2: Cloud Microphysical Channel 
SEVERI (11:45 UTC) MODIS (11:47 UTC) 
RGB VIS0.6, NIR1.6, IR10.8 RGB VIS0.6, NIR2.2, IR11.0 
NIR2.2 better than NIR1.6 for cloud microphysics 
2005 06 25 11:57 
27 November 2009 
Severe convective storm over South Africa 
18 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
MTG Improvements: smoke detection 
SEVERI (11:00 UTC) MODIS (09:35 UTC) 
TrueCol RGB 1 km 
19 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 
26 August 2007 
NatCol RGB 3 km 
Formaldehyde concentration 
from SCIAMACHY: 
Poisonous gas reaches the 
coast of Libya!
MTG Improvements: dust monitoring 
SEVERI (18:00 UTC) MODIS (18:15 UTC) 
Dust RGB 3 km Dust RGB 1 km 
Dust streaks better visible because of better 
spatial resolution 
29 October 2010 
Dust Squall Argentina 
Courtesy: H. Allende 
20 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
MTG Improvements: fog monitoring 
SEVERI (21:00 UTC) MODIS (21:10 UTC) 
D.R.C. 
River 
valley 
fog 
Night Micro RGB 3 km Night Micro RGB 1 km 
Shallow river valley fog often not detected in MSG 
(too thin and too small area) 
13 July 2014 
21 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
MTG Improvements: vegetation monitoring 
SEVERI (09:00 UTC) MODIS (09:00 UTC) 
NatCol RGB 1 km 
Okavango 
Delta 
NatCol RGB 3 km 
20 July 2014 
22 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
FCI – Benefits from new Channels 
The 0.91 μm channel will provide daytime total column precipitable water especially over 
land surfaces. 
The 2.26 μm channel will provide the capability for an improved retrieval of cloud 
microphysics. 
The 0.444 μm and the 0.51 μm channels will support true colour images and permit 
surpassing current aerosol retrievals especially over land – also an important contribution 
to air quality monitoring 
The 1.375 μm channel will improve detection of very thin cirrus clouds not seen by the 
current system. If not detected, errors are introduced in all clear sky products. 
The higher spatial resolution (1 km and 2 km) of the 3.8 μm channel will improve fire 
detection and, via its extended dynamical range (from 350 K to 450 K), the quality of 
products as Fire Radiative Energy (FRE) – a climate relevant product directly related to the 
CO2 production of active fires. 
23 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
Two possible operation modes for the Flexible Combined Imager 
HRFI Mode: ¼ of Disc/ in 2.5 min. 
(4 channels, sampling 0.5 and 1 km 
or 16 channels, sampling 1 and 2 km) 
FDHSI Mode: Full Earth Scan in 10 min. 
(16 channels, sampling 1 km and 2 km) 
VIS channels: 1 km ; IR channels : 2 km VIS channels: 0.5 km; IR channels :1 km 
24 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
MTG Improvements: horizontal sampling (up to 0.5 km) 
MSG 
2005 06 25 11:57 
MTG simulation 
(courtesy D. Rosenfeld) 
25 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
New Lightning Imagery mission on MTG-I: Lightning 
Imager (LI) 
 
26 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
MTG - Lightning Imager 
• Continuous lightning observations from space 
• Recording of intra-cloud and cloud-to-ground 
lightning 
27 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
MTG Missions 
LI – Benefits Summary 
The MTG LI measurements of total lightning will complement global measurements of 
ground based systems (e.g. ATDnet) improving the quality of information essential for air 
traffic routing and safety 
MTG-LI IC+CG lightning information to assess impact of climate change on thunderstorm 
activity by monitoring and long-term analysing lightning characteristics (coordination with 
NOAA’s GLM mission on GOES-R and GOES-S essential) 
IC+CG information on a global scale as prerequisite for studying and monitoring the physical 
and chemical processes in the atmosphere regarding NOx, playing a key role in the ozone 
conversion process and acid rain generation 
IC+CG information on a global scale with known error-characteristic a prerequisite for: 
assimilation in regional models to improve very short range forecasts of convective events 
verification/validation of algorithms to nowcast (time and location) convective initiation 
28 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
MTG-IRS Operations Scenario 
~ 300 stares for Full Disc Coverage 
~ 75 stares Local Area Coverage (LAC) 
LAC-1/2/3/4 repeat cycle: 15 min including 
2-3 min for calibration 
Basic Repeat Cycle Pattern over 6 hours: 
5 times LAC-3 plus LAC-4 
4 times LAC-2 plus LAC-4 
3 times LAC-1 plus LAC-4 
LAC-4 (Europe) covered every 30 min 
all LACs have at least 3 consecutive 
MTG – IR Sounder (IRS) 
LAC -4 
LAC -3 
LAC -2 
29 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 
measurements with 30 min repeat cycle 
LAC -1
MTG and the short range numerical forecast 
Courtesy W.L. Smith 
30 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
MTG-IRS: Better identification of clouds 
31 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 
12.0 10.8 microns 
Thin ash cloud 
Thin ice cloud 
MSG Dust RGB IASI data probes 
15 April 2010, 10:45 UTC (Iceland Ash Cloud) 
Better Identification of Water, Ice & Ash Clouds 
Exploiting high-spectral resolution data (IR Sounders)
MTG Missions 
IRS – Benefits Summary 
The IRS (30 min repeat cycle over Europe) will fill large spatial and temporal voids in the 
12-hour standard radiosonde observations and will provide time and space interpolation of 
moisture/temperature observations taken from the polar orbiting satellites. 
The IRS derived information on tropospheric moisture structures and their variation in time is 
expected to lead to a better depiction of the hydrological cycle in models, potentially 
providing better precipitation forecast. 
The IRS will provide information on vertically resolved atmospheric motion vectors with 
improved height assignment, which in particular is beneficial for the tropical areas having only 
a weak coupling between the dynamic and thermodynamic atmospheric fields. 
The IRS will provide information to identify pre-convective situations supporting NWC 
applications to forecast convective initiation. 
IRS will support forecasting pollution and monitoring of atmospheric minor constituents 
through its capability to provide estimates of diurnal variations of tropospheric contributions 
of atmospheric trace gases as O3 and CO. 
32 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
EPS Second Generation 
 Primary mission: further improve observational inputs to Numerical Weather 
Prediction models 
 Climate monitoring: expand by 20+years the climate data records initiated in 
2006 with EPS 
 Significant contributions to other real time applications: 
Nowcasting at high latitudes 
Marine meteorology and operational 
oceanography 
Operational hydrology 
Air quality monitoring 
33 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
EPS Second Generation 
Continuation and enhancement of service from mid-morning 
polar orbit in 2021–2040 
Two series of 3 successive satellites for 21 years of operations 
European contribution to the Joint Polar System (JPS) shared 
with the US/NOAA 
Twin satellite in-orbit configuration: 
Metop-SG A: optical imagery and 
sounding mission 
Flies the Copernicus Sentinel-5 
instrument 
Metop-SG B: microwave 
imaging mission 
34 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014

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Current & Future Services - EUMETCast User Forum 2014

  • 1. MONITORING WEATHER AND CLIMATE FROM SPACE EUMETCast User Forum Current and Future Satellite Services
  • 2. EUMETSAT current programmes 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 YEAR... 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 METEOSAT FIRST GENERATION METEOSAT-7 METEOSAT SECOND GENERATION METEOSAT-8 METEOSAT-9 Mandatory Programmes METEOSAT-10 EUMETSAT POLAR SYSTEM (EPS) MSG-4/METEOSAT-11* METOP-C METOP-A JASON METOP-B JASON-3 Optional Programmes JASON-2 YEAR... 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 2 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 3. METOP A-B (LOW-EARTH, SUN – SYNCHRONOUS ORBIT) EUMETSAT POLAR SYSTEM/INITIAL JOINT POLAR SYSTEM 3 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 JASON-2 (shared with CNES, NOAA) (LOW-EARTH, 63° INCL. NON SYNCHRONOUS ORBIT) OCEAN SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY MISSION METEOSAT 8-9-10 (2nd GENERATION) (GEOSTATIONARY ORBIT) TWO-SATELLITE SYSTEM: - METEOSAT-10: FULL DISK IMAGERY MISSION AT 0° (15 MN) - METEOSAT-9: RAPID SCAN SERVICE OVER EUROPE AT 9.5°E (5 MN) METEOSAT – 7 (1st GENERATION) (GEOSTATIONARY ORBIT) INDIAN OCEAN DATA COVERAGE MISSION AT 57°5 E (UNTILL END 2016) Current EUMETSAT satellites - METEOSAT- 8: BACK UP AT 3.5°E
  • 4. Access to Near Real-time data : EUMETCast EUMETCast Users Worldwide as of 30 June 2014 4 3 500+ 201-500 51-200 11-50 2-10 1 User 0 User EUMETCast Americas SES 6, C-BAND EUMETCast Africa EUTELSAT 5 WEST A, C-BAND 4 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 EUMETCast Europe EUTELSAT 9 A, KU-BAND User Distribution: • 3304 users worldwide • 4200 stations
  • 5. 0° and Indian Ocean Data Coverage (until end 2016) Meteosat-10 (0° Longitude, FES) Meteosat-7 (57.5° E, IODC) 60 N 0 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 5 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 60 S
  • 6. Indian Ocean Data Coverage  Meteosat-7, launched on 2 September 1997, has been providing the 57.5°E IODC services since 5 December 2006  Meteosat-7 will be de-orbited during Spring 2017 and IODC supported services discontinued end of 2016/early 2017  IODC by EUMETSAT is a best effort undertaking which reflects a Council decision to use residual Meteosat First Generation capability for this purpose, in the context of a temporary data gap over the Indian Ocean  International discussions (EUMETSAT, India, China, Russia) on-going to secure continuity/consolidation of IODC services in the WMO/CGMS framework  Meteosat-7 as a benchmark  IODC services should be similar to or better and should fulfil the needs of the WMO User Community 6 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 7. The EUMETSAT Polar System is part of the Initial Joint Polar System shared with the US 7 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 8. Dual Metop operations: global winds & impact on NWP Global dual Metop winds Operational on 18 September 2014 8 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 9. Trends and distribution of Sea Level Rise 9 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 10. Current programmes: highlights (1/2) • Continuity of main services secured for 5 years: Metop-B and Meteosat-10 are both healthy primary satellites • Temporary enhancements of main services: • Increase of availability of Meteosat imagery services using ageing Meteosat-8 as a back up • Dual Metop service delivers two real time data streams with additional positive impact on global NWP • Meteosat-7 IODC mission until end of 2016: discussion with other operators to continue/consolidate IODC services 10 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 11. Current programmes: highlights (2/2) • Timeliness of delivery of global Metop-B data further improved using McMurdo • EARS regional data services expanded in scope and coverage, RARS Africa project proposed • Last satellites of current generation scheduled for launch in 2015 (MSG-4 & Jason-3) and 2018 (Metop-C) • Smooth transition with next generation MTG & EPS-SG in the 2020 timeframe 11 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 12. EUMETSAT current and future programmes 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 YEAR... 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 METEOSAT FIRST GENERATION METEOSAT-7 METEOSAT SECOND GENERATION METEOSAT-10 MSG-4/METEOSAT-11* METEOSAT THIRD GENERATION METEOSAT-8 METEOSAT-9 Mandatory Programmes EUMETSAT POLAR SYSTEM (EPS) MTG-I-1 : IMAGERY MTG-S-1: SOUNDING MTG-I-2: IMAGERY METOP-A Optional Programmes JASON-2 METOP-B 12 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 MTG-I-3: IMAGERY MTG-S-2: SOUNDING MTG-I-4: IMAGERY METOP-C EPS-SECOND GENERATION (EPS-SG) METOP-SG A: SOUNDING AND IMAGERY METOP-SG B: MICROWAVE IMAGERY JASON JASON-3 JASON-CS/SENTINEL-6 YEAR... 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
  • 13. EUMETSAT future programmes: approval status MTG: Approved, under development Sentinel-4 approved (2 instruments funded by ESA) 13 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 Jason-CS : Proposed, to be approved in 2015 Phase B2 approved at ESA CMIN12 EPS-SG : approval process started in July 2014 Metop-SG programme approved at ESA CMIN12 Sentinel-5 development started/approved by PBEO
  • 14. Meteosat Third Generation  Primary mission: support nowcasting/Short Range Forecasting of high impact weather  Continuity and enhancement of MSG imagery services  New lightning imaging capability  New, innovative infrared hyper-spectral sounding mission: world premiere  Secondary mission: air quality monitoring over Europe  Synergy between Sentinel-4, IRS and imagery  6-satellite programme (4 MTG-I and 2 MTG-S) to cover 2019-40 14 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 15. Meteosat Third Generation: MTG-I and MTG-S missions MTG-I imagery mission implemented by a two-satellite system:  Advanced imager (FCI)  Full disk imagery every 10 minutes in 16 spectral bands  Fast imaging of European weather every 2.5 minutes  New Lightning Imager (LI) MTG-S sounding mission:  Hyperspectral infrared (IRS):  3D mapping of water vapour, temperature, O3 every 30 minutes over Europe  Will carry the Copernicus Sentinel-4 Ultraviolet sounder  Air quality monitoring, in synergy with IRS instrument 15 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 16. 1=VIS0.6 2=VIS0.8 3=NIR1.6 4=IR3.9 5=WV6.2 6=WV7.3 7=IR8.7 8=IR9.7 9=IR10.8 10=IR12.0 11=IR13.4 16 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 12=HRV Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) Solar 3.0 km Thermal 3.0 km 1.0 km
  • 17. 3=VIS0.6 4=VIS0.8 1=VIS0.4 2=VIS0.5 5=NIR0.9 6=NIR1.3 7=NIR1.6 9=IR3.8 10=WV6.2 11=WV7.3 12=IR8.7 13=IR9.7 14=IR10.5 15=IR12.3 16=IR13.3 17 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 8=NIR2.2 Meteosat Third Generation (MTG) Solar 1.0 km Thermal 2.0 km
  • 18. NIR2.2: Cloud Microphysical Channel SEVERI (11:45 UTC) MODIS (11:47 UTC) RGB VIS0.6, NIR1.6, IR10.8 RGB VIS0.6, NIR2.2, IR11.0 NIR2.2 better than NIR1.6 for cloud microphysics 2005 06 25 11:57 27 November 2009 Severe convective storm over South Africa 18 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 19. MTG Improvements: smoke detection SEVERI (11:00 UTC) MODIS (09:35 UTC) TrueCol RGB 1 km 19 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 26 August 2007 NatCol RGB 3 km Formaldehyde concentration from SCIAMACHY: Poisonous gas reaches the coast of Libya!
  • 20. MTG Improvements: dust monitoring SEVERI (18:00 UTC) MODIS (18:15 UTC) Dust RGB 3 km Dust RGB 1 km Dust streaks better visible because of better spatial resolution 29 October 2010 Dust Squall Argentina Courtesy: H. Allende 20 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 21. MTG Improvements: fog monitoring SEVERI (21:00 UTC) MODIS (21:10 UTC) D.R.C. River valley fog Night Micro RGB 3 km Night Micro RGB 1 km Shallow river valley fog often not detected in MSG (too thin and too small area) 13 July 2014 21 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 22. MTG Improvements: vegetation monitoring SEVERI (09:00 UTC) MODIS (09:00 UTC) NatCol RGB 1 km Okavango Delta NatCol RGB 3 km 20 July 2014 22 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 23. FCI – Benefits from new Channels The 0.91 μm channel will provide daytime total column precipitable water especially over land surfaces. The 2.26 μm channel will provide the capability for an improved retrieval of cloud microphysics. The 0.444 μm and the 0.51 μm channels will support true colour images and permit surpassing current aerosol retrievals especially over land – also an important contribution to air quality monitoring The 1.375 μm channel will improve detection of very thin cirrus clouds not seen by the current system. If not detected, errors are introduced in all clear sky products. The higher spatial resolution (1 km and 2 km) of the 3.8 μm channel will improve fire detection and, via its extended dynamical range (from 350 K to 450 K), the quality of products as Fire Radiative Energy (FRE) – a climate relevant product directly related to the CO2 production of active fires. 23 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 24. Two possible operation modes for the Flexible Combined Imager HRFI Mode: ¼ of Disc/ in 2.5 min. (4 channels, sampling 0.5 and 1 km or 16 channels, sampling 1 and 2 km) FDHSI Mode: Full Earth Scan in 10 min. (16 channels, sampling 1 km and 2 km) VIS channels: 1 km ; IR channels : 2 km VIS channels: 0.5 km; IR channels :1 km 24 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 25. MTG Improvements: horizontal sampling (up to 0.5 km) MSG 2005 06 25 11:57 MTG simulation (courtesy D. Rosenfeld) 25 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 26. New Lightning Imagery mission on MTG-I: Lightning Imager (LI)  26 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 27. MTG - Lightning Imager • Continuous lightning observations from space • Recording of intra-cloud and cloud-to-ground lightning 27 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 28. MTG Missions LI – Benefits Summary The MTG LI measurements of total lightning will complement global measurements of ground based systems (e.g. ATDnet) improving the quality of information essential for air traffic routing and safety MTG-LI IC+CG lightning information to assess impact of climate change on thunderstorm activity by monitoring and long-term analysing lightning characteristics (coordination with NOAA’s GLM mission on GOES-R and GOES-S essential) IC+CG information on a global scale as prerequisite for studying and monitoring the physical and chemical processes in the atmosphere regarding NOx, playing a key role in the ozone conversion process and acid rain generation IC+CG information on a global scale with known error-characteristic a prerequisite for: assimilation in regional models to improve very short range forecasts of convective events verification/validation of algorithms to nowcast (time and location) convective initiation 28 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 29. MTG-IRS Operations Scenario ~ 300 stares for Full Disc Coverage ~ 75 stares Local Area Coverage (LAC) LAC-1/2/3/4 repeat cycle: 15 min including 2-3 min for calibration Basic Repeat Cycle Pattern over 6 hours: 5 times LAC-3 plus LAC-4 4 times LAC-2 plus LAC-4 3 times LAC-1 plus LAC-4 LAC-4 (Europe) covered every 30 min all LACs have at least 3 consecutive MTG – IR Sounder (IRS) LAC -4 LAC -3 LAC -2 29 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 measurements with 30 min repeat cycle LAC -1
  • 30. MTG and the short range numerical forecast Courtesy W.L. Smith 30 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 31. MTG-IRS: Better identification of clouds 31 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014 12.0 10.8 microns Thin ash cloud Thin ice cloud MSG Dust RGB IASI data probes 15 April 2010, 10:45 UTC (Iceland Ash Cloud) Better Identification of Water, Ice & Ash Clouds Exploiting high-spectral resolution data (IR Sounders)
  • 32. MTG Missions IRS – Benefits Summary The IRS (30 min repeat cycle over Europe) will fill large spatial and temporal voids in the 12-hour standard radiosonde observations and will provide time and space interpolation of moisture/temperature observations taken from the polar orbiting satellites. The IRS derived information on tropospheric moisture structures and their variation in time is expected to lead to a better depiction of the hydrological cycle in models, potentially providing better precipitation forecast. The IRS will provide information on vertically resolved atmospheric motion vectors with improved height assignment, which in particular is beneficial for the tropical areas having only a weak coupling between the dynamic and thermodynamic atmospheric fields. The IRS will provide information to identify pre-convective situations supporting NWC applications to forecast convective initiation. IRS will support forecasting pollution and monitoring of atmospheric minor constituents through its capability to provide estimates of diurnal variations of tropospheric contributions of atmospheric trace gases as O3 and CO. 32 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 33. EPS Second Generation  Primary mission: further improve observational inputs to Numerical Weather Prediction models  Climate monitoring: expand by 20+years the climate data records initiated in 2006 with EPS  Significant contributions to other real time applications: Nowcasting at high latitudes Marine meteorology and operational oceanography Operational hydrology Air quality monitoring 33 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014
  • 34. EPS Second Generation Continuation and enhancement of service from mid-morning polar orbit in 2021–2040 Two series of 3 successive satellites for 21 years of operations European contribution to the Joint Polar System (JPS) shared with the US/NOAA Twin satellite in-orbit configuration: Metop-SG A: optical imagery and sounding mission Flies the Copernicus Sentinel-5 instrument Metop-SG B: microwave imaging mission 34 EUMETCast User Forum Current & Future Services – EUM/OPS/VWG/14/772226 - 17 September 2014