SlideShare a Scribd company logo
CRITICAL THEORY
PRESENTATION BY JAMES GORORO
INTRODUCTION
• Critical Theory is a
philosophical framework that
aims to analyze and critique
societal structures of power,
domination, and oppression
• Presentation examines how
educational institutions
perpetuate social inequalities
• Presentation discusses its
application in education, and
its role in challenging and
disrupting dominant power
structures
• Presentation looks at its
strengths and limitations
UNDERSTANDING
CRITICAL THEORY
• Critical theory is a 20th-century
philosophical framework that
emerged from the Frankfurt
School of social and political
thought
• Aims to analyze and critique
societal structures of power,
domination, and oppression
• The goal of Critical Theory is to
promote social justice and
emancipation
UNDERSTANDING
CRITICAL THEORY
• Empowering the marginalized is a
crucial aspect of Critical Theory
• Critical Theory examines the
underlying social, political, and
cultural mechanisms that perpetuate
inequality
• The goal of Critical Theory is to
promote social justice and
emancipation
• By fostering a more just and
equitable society, critical theory
contributes to the dismantling of
oppressive systems
KEY THINKERS
• Theodor Adorno (1903-1969). A
philosopher, sociologist, and
musicologist, emphasized the
intersection of culture, society, and
power. Explored how reason can
become instruments of domination and
oppression.
• Max Horkheimer (1895-1973). A
philosopher and sociologist, criticized
capitalist society and the role of culture
in maintaining social control.
• Herbert Marcuse (1898-1979). a
philosopher and political theorist,
focused on the role of technology,
consumerism, and mass media in
advanced capitalist societies
CRITICAL THEORY IN EDUCATION
• Giroux H.A (1997) discusses critical pedagogy and critical theory in education,
emphasizing their transformative potential in challenging oppressive power
structures.
• McLaren P &Farahmandpur R (2017) highlight the transformative potential of
critical pedagogy in promoting social change
• McLeod J & Gewirtz S. (2005) discuss the application of critical theory in
educational research, highlighting its potential to uncover hidden power
dynamics
• T.S. Popkewitz (1997) explores the interplay between critical theory, education,
and Michel Foucault's ideas, focusing on power, knowledge, and disciplinary
practices
EXAMINING EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS AND
PRACTICES THROUGH CRITICAL THEORY
• Critical theory provides a framework for analyzing educational systems and
practices, revealing power dynamics and challenging oppressive structures.
• It can be applied to various aspects of education, such as inclusive education,
curriculum analysis, power relations in the classroom, critical pedagogy, and social
justice education.
• Inclusive education policies can be analyzed to uncover power dynamics that
marginalize certain groups.
• Curriculum analysis can examine the representation of diverse cultures and
histories
EXAMINING EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS AND
PRACTICES THROUGH CRITICAL THEORY
• Power relations in the classroom can be analyzed to promote student voice and
empowerment
• Critical pedagogy encourages active learning and encourages students to
challenge societal norms
• Social justice education can be implemented by addressing issues of educational
inequity, such as achievement gaps (persistent academic disparities between
groups of learners based on factors such as race, class etc)
CHALLENGING DOMINANT POWER STRUCTURES IN
EDUCATION
• Critical theory can be used to challenge dominant power structures in education
by analyzing power dynamics, uncovering ideologies, promoting
counterhegemonic education (challenges dominant narrative and empowers
marginalized groups, challenges oppressive systems and promotes social justice),
advocating for social justice, and inspiring transformative action
• By examining power dynamics, revealing power imbalances, and questioning
established norms and assumptions, critical theory allows for critical reflection
and transformative change. It also aims to expose dominant ideologies that shape
educational practices, revealing how certain ideologies are privileged while others
are marginalized
CHALLENGING DOMINANT POWER STRUCTURES IN
EDUCATION
• Counterhegemonic education encourages educators to question norms and
assumptions, empowering students to actively participate in shaping their own
education.
• Transformative action encourages educators, students, and stakeholders to
actively challenge and change oppressive structures, empowering individuals and
mobilizing collective efforts to create positive social change
• By applying critical theory, educators and researchers can challenge oppressive
systems, promote equality, and create a more inclusive and equitable education
for all.
WAYS CRITICAL THEORY CAN INFORM CURRICULUM
DEVELOPMENT, PEDAGOGICAL PRACTICES, AND
ASSESSMENT STRATEGIES
• Educational policies and practices can perpetuate social inequalities and marginalize certain
groups through:
• Unequal resource allocation in economically disadvantaged areas limits educational
opportunities for marginalized groups.
• Tracking and ability grouping disproportionately disadvantage marginalized groups, such as
low-income or color students.
• Standardized testing and narrow assessment practices can also disadvantage marginalized
students.
• Implicit bias and discrimination can lead to differential treatment for certain groups, resulting in
less support and disproportionate discipline.
• A lack of culturally responsive education can further marginalize students from diverse
backgrounds
CRITICISMS AND
LIMITATIONS OF
CRITICAL THEORY IN
EDUCATION
• Critical theory in education faces
criticisms for its lack of objectivity,
overemphasis on power dynamics,
potential ideological bias, practical
implementation challenges, neglect of
individual differences, and limited
empirical evidence.
• Critics argue that critical theory's
subjective nature can lead to biased
interpretations and overlook other
factors contributing to educational
outcomes. They also suggest that a
one-size-fits-all approach may not
adequately address diverse learning
styles and interests. .
CRITICISMS AND
LIMITATIONS OF
CRITICAL THEORY IN
EDUCATION
• Limited scope can perpetuate
hierarchies and overlook
marginalized groups.
• To address these challenges,
educators and researchers must
engage in thoughtful discussions and
consider the potential challenges and
drawbacks of critical theory in
educational settings.
ALTERNATIVE
PERSPECTIVES OF
MULTICULTURAL
EDUCATION
• Critics argue that critical theory in
education may overlook the
importance of traditional knowledge
(perennialism) and individual
responsibility (neglect personal effort).
• They argue that critical theory, and that a
sole focus may overlook the value of
established educational practices and
contenton challenging dominant power
structures may overlook these.
• They also suggest the need for balance
and objectivity in critical theory
(blending with other perspectives)
ALTERNATIVE
PERSPECTIVES OF
MULTICULTURAL
EDUCATION
• Practical implementation challenges
may also hinder the effectiveness of
critical theory in education.
• Alternative approaches, such as
positive psychology, strengths-based
education, or culturally responsive
pedagogy, can promote social justice
and inclusivity while maintaining
individual strengths
• Evidence-based practices (use of
empirical evidence and not just theory to
support use of Critical Theory) are also
crucial for supporting critical theory's
effectiveness in education.
CONCLUSION
• This discussion has been on the application of critical
theory in educational contexts, highlighting its
importance in addressing social inequalities and power
imbalances.
• It emphasizes the role of critical theory in curriculum
development, pedagogical practices, and assessment
strategies to promote social justice and inclusivity.
• However, it also highlights potential limitations such as
subjectivity, ideological bias, and practical
implementation challenges.
• From the discussion educators and researchers may look
at engaging with critical theory to create more equitable
learning environments. This involves self-reflection,
integration of critical theory, rigorous research, and
ongoing dialogue.
REFERENCES
• Cleary B. L & Hill J. T (2008). Authenticity: A Concept Analysis. Nursing Forum, Vol. 43,
No. 2
• Giroux H.A (1997). Critical Pedagogy and Critical Theory: An Overview. The
Educational Forum. Taylor & Francis. Volume 61 Issue 2.
• McLaren P &Farahmandpur R (2017). Critical Theory and Education: From the Critique
of Capitalism to a Critical Pedagogy of Becoming University of Chicago Press. "
• McLeod J & Gewirtz S. (2005). Critical Theory and Educational Research: Tracing
Connections and Exploring Challenges. British Educational Research Journal. Wiley
• T.S. Popkewitz (1997). Critical Theory and Education: A Foucauldian Perspective.
Educational Theory. Wiley
REFERENCES
• Hall, T., Strangman, N., & Meyer, A. (2012). Differentiated Instruction and
Implications for UDL Implementation. Wakefield, MA: National Center on Universal
Design for Learning. Retrieved from
http://www.udlcenter.org/sites/udlcenter.org/files/updateguidelines2_0.pdf
• National Center on Intensive Intervention. (2018). Response to Intervention (RTI) and
Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS). Retrieved from
https://intensiveintervention.org/intensive-intervention/rti-and-mtss
• Marzano, R. J. (2007). The Art and Science of Teaching: A Comprehensive Framework
for Effective Instruction. ASCD.
• Armstrong, T. (2012). Neurodiversity in the Classroom: Strength-Based Strategies to
Help Students with Special Needs Succeed in School and Life. ASCD.

More Related Content

Similar to Criticl Theory for use in an Education Context.pptx

Sociological Foundations of Curriculum.pptx
Sociological Foundations of Curriculum.pptxSociological Foundations of Curriculum.pptx
Sociological Foundations of Curriculum.pptx
Lovely professional university
 
UGC NET Critical pedagogy
UGC NET Critical pedagogyUGC NET Critical pedagogy
UGC NET Critical pedagogy
PoojaWalia6
 
Educational Sociology / Sociology of Education
Educational Sociology / Sociology of EducationEducational Sociology / Sociology of Education
Educational Sociology / Sociology of Education
ShaharyarShoukatShou
 
Inclusion in higher education a quest for epistemic access[1]
Inclusion in higher education a quest for epistemic access[1]Inclusion in higher education a quest for epistemic access[1]
Inclusion in higher education a quest for epistemic access[1]
Brenda Leibowitz
 
Contemporary Critique of Professional Education.pptx
Contemporary Critique of Professional Education.pptxContemporary Critique of Professional Education.pptx
Contemporary Critique of Professional Education.pptx
BhavnaDave11
 
Presentation multicultural and anti-racist curriculum - jill, corlynn, step...
Presentation   multicultural and anti-racist curriculum - jill, corlynn, step...Presentation   multicultural and anti-racist curriculum - jill, corlynn, step...
Presentation multicultural and anti-racist curriculum - jill, corlynn, step...
sykeshea
 
A model of the interplay between academic agency, institutional structure and...
A model of the interplay between academic agency, institutional structure and...A model of the interplay between academic agency, institutional structure and...
A model of the interplay between academic agency, institutional structure and...
Global OER Graduate Network
 
Openness in Education: Technology, Pedagogy and Critique
Openness in Education: Technology, Pedagogy and CritiqueOpenness in Education: Technology, Pedagogy and Critique
Openness in Education: Technology, Pedagogy and Critique
OER Hub
 
Openness in Education: Technology, Pedagogy, Critique
Openness in Education: Technology, Pedagogy, CritiqueOpenness in Education: Technology, Pedagogy, Critique
Openness in Education: Technology, Pedagogy, Critique
Robert Farrow
 
239675418 assignment
239675418 assignment239675418 assignment
239675418 assignment
carmiabaiju
 
Investigating inclusive curriculum in higher education
Investigating inclusive curriculum in higher education Investigating inclusive curriculum in higher education
Investigating inclusive curriculum in higher education
Balrymes
 
Cri
CriCri
Critical reflection
Critical reflection Critical reflection
Critical reflection
newroz
 
Teachers as transformative intellectuals by Henry Giroux
Teachers as transformative intellectuals by Henry GirouxTeachers as transformative intellectuals by Henry Giroux
Teachers as transformative intellectuals by Henry Giroux
Froidelyn Fernandez- Docallas
 
Presentation2.pptx
Presentation2.pptxPresentation2.pptx
Presentation2.pptx
Shams ud din Pandrani
 
Epistemology and Learning for Researchers and Teachers
Epistemology and Learning for Researchers and TeachersEpistemology and Learning for Researchers and Teachers
Epistemology and Learning for Researchers and Teachers
Centre for Social Initiative and Management
 
Dynamics of Change.pptx
Dynamics of Change.pptxDynamics of Change.pptx
Dynamics of Change.pptx
DrHafizKosar
 
The Scope of Comparative Education.pptx
The Scope of Comparative Education.pptxThe Scope of Comparative Education.pptx
The Scope of Comparative Education.pptx
TanzeelaBashir1
 
From-Theory-to-Practice-in-Educational-Leadership.pptx
From-Theory-to-Practice-in-Educational-Leadership.pptxFrom-Theory-to-Practice-in-Educational-Leadership.pptx
From-Theory-to-Practice-in-Educational-Leadership.pptx
RaymondSanAndres1
 
various issues in the process of curriculum development and change
various issues in the process of  curriculum development and changevarious issues in the process of  curriculum development and change
various issues in the process of curriculum development and change
Tasneem Ahmad
 

Similar to Criticl Theory for use in an Education Context.pptx (20)

Sociological Foundations of Curriculum.pptx
Sociological Foundations of Curriculum.pptxSociological Foundations of Curriculum.pptx
Sociological Foundations of Curriculum.pptx
 
UGC NET Critical pedagogy
UGC NET Critical pedagogyUGC NET Critical pedagogy
UGC NET Critical pedagogy
 
Educational Sociology / Sociology of Education
Educational Sociology / Sociology of EducationEducational Sociology / Sociology of Education
Educational Sociology / Sociology of Education
 
Inclusion in higher education a quest for epistemic access[1]
Inclusion in higher education a quest for epistemic access[1]Inclusion in higher education a quest for epistemic access[1]
Inclusion in higher education a quest for epistemic access[1]
 
Contemporary Critique of Professional Education.pptx
Contemporary Critique of Professional Education.pptxContemporary Critique of Professional Education.pptx
Contemporary Critique of Professional Education.pptx
 
Presentation multicultural and anti-racist curriculum - jill, corlynn, step...
Presentation   multicultural and anti-racist curriculum - jill, corlynn, step...Presentation   multicultural and anti-racist curriculum - jill, corlynn, step...
Presentation multicultural and anti-racist curriculum - jill, corlynn, step...
 
A model of the interplay between academic agency, institutional structure and...
A model of the interplay between academic agency, institutional structure and...A model of the interplay between academic agency, institutional structure and...
A model of the interplay between academic agency, institutional structure and...
 
Openness in Education: Technology, Pedagogy and Critique
Openness in Education: Technology, Pedagogy and CritiqueOpenness in Education: Technology, Pedagogy and Critique
Openness in Education: Technology, Pedagogy and Critique
 
Openness in Education: Technology, Pedagogy, Critique
Openness in Education: Technology, Pedagogy, CritiqueOpenness in Education: Technology, Pedagogy, Critique
Openness in Education: Technology, Pedagogy, Critique
 
239675418 assignment
239675418 assignment239675418 assignment
239675418 assignment
 
Investigating inclusive curriculum in higher education
Investigating inclusive curriculum in higher education Investigating inclusive curriculum in higher education
Investigating inclusive curriculum in higher education
 
Cri
CriCri
Cri
 
Critical reflection
Critical reflection Critical reflection
Critical reflection
 
Teachers as transformative intellectuals by Henry Giroux
Teachers as transformative intellectuals by Henry GirouxTeachers as transformative intellectuals by Henry Giroux
Teachers as transformative intellectuals by Henry Giroux
 
Presentation2.pptx
Presentation2.pptxPresentation2.pptx
Presentation2.pptx
 
Epistemology and Learning for Researchers and Teachers
Epistemology and Learning for Researchers and TeachersEpistemology and Learning for Researchers and Teachers
Epistemology and Learning for Researchers and Teachers
 
Dynamics of Change.pptx
Dynamics of Change.pptxDynamics of Change.pptx
Dynamics of Change.pptx
 
The Scope of Comparative Education.pptx
The Scope of Comparative Education.pptxThe Scope of Comparative Education.pptx
The Scope of Comparative Education.pptx
 
From-Theory-to-Practice-in-Educational-Leadership.pptx
From-Theory-to-Practice-in-Educational-Leadership.pptxFrom-Theory-to-Practice-in-Educational-Leadership.pptx
From-Theory-to-Practice-in-Educational-Leadership.pptx
 
various issues in the process of curriculum development and change
various issues in the process of  curriculum development and changevarious issues in the process of  curriculum development and change
various issues in the process of curriculum development and change
 

More from gororotich

transfer of learning final presentation.pptx
transfer of learning final presentation.pptxtransfer of learning final presentation.pptx
transfer of learning final presentation.pptx
gororotich
 
Ethical issues in research presentation.pptx
Ethical issues in research presentation.pptxEthical issues in research presentation.pptx
Ethical issues in research presentation.pptx
gororotich
 
Perennialism Presentation By Edwin Mugwira.pptx
Perennialism Presentation By Edwin Mugwira.pptxPerennialism Presentation By Edwin Mugwira.pptx
Perennialism Presentation By Edwin Mugwira.pptx
gororotich
 
An analysis of the mcgregor theory in educationpptx
An analysis of the mcgregor theory in educationpptxAn analysis of the mcgregor theory in educationpptx
An analysis of the mcgregor theory in educationpptx
gororotich
 
Use of Social Media in the Classroom.pptx
Use of Social Media in the Classroom.pptxUse of Social Media in the Classroom.pptx
Use of Social Media in the Classroom.pptx
gororotich
 
PST 5119 DIDACTICS PRIMROSE AND JAMES.pptx
PST 5119 DIDACTICS PRIMROSE AND JAMES.pptxPST 5119 DIDACTICS PRIMROSE AND JAMES.pptx
PST 5119 DIDACTICS PRIMROSE AND JAMES.pptx
gororotich
 
GENDER Equity Issues in the classroom.pptx
GENDER Equity Issues in the classroom.pptxGENDER Equity Issues in the classroom.pptx
GENDER Equity Issues in the classroom.pptx
gororotich
 
FEMINISM in Education PRESENTATION Slides.pptx
FEMINISM in Education PRESENTATION Slides.pptxFEMINISM in Education PRESENTATION Slides.pptx
FEMINISM in Education PRESENTATION Slides.pptx
gororotich
 
Discuss three models of Curriculum Development.pptx
Discuss three models of Curriculum Development.pptxDiscuss three models of Curriculum Development.pptx
Discuss three models of Curriculum Development.pptx
gororotich
 
5201 Ecological Theory In Education.pptx
5201 Ecological Theory In Education.pptx5201 Ecological Theory In Education.pptx
5201 Ecological Theory In Education.pptx
gororotich
 
AGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION PRESENTATION (1).pptx
AGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION PRESENTATION (1).pptxAGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION PRESENTATION (1).pptx
AGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION PRESENTATION (1).pptx
gororotich
 
Scoring Approaches for Essays and Objective Tests.pptx
Scoring Approaches for Essays and Objective Tests.pptxScoring Approaches for Essays and Objective Tests.pptx
Scoring Approaches for Essays and Objective Tests.pptx
gororotich
 
Assignment Guidelines for Education Courses.ppt
Assignment Guidelines for Education Courses.pptAssignment Guidelines for Education Courses.ppt
Assignment Guidelines for Education Courses.ppt
gororotich
 
Multicultural education slides for PGDE-1.pptx
Multicultural education slides for PGDE-1.pptxMulticultural education slides for PGDE-1.pptx
Multicultural education slides for PGDE-1.pptx
gororotich
 

More from gororotich (14)

transfer of learning final presentation.pptx
transfer of learning final presentation.pptxtransfer of learning final presentation.pptx
transfer of learning final presentation.pptx
 
Ethical issues in research presentation.pptx
Ethical issues in research presentation.pptxEthical issues in research presentation.pptx
Ethical issues in research presentation.pptx
 
Perennialism Presentation By Edwin Mugwira.pptx
Perennialism Presentation By Edwin Mugwira.pptxPerennialism Presentation By Edwin Mugwira.pptx
Perennialism Presentation By Edwin Mugwira.pptx
 
An analysis of the mcgregor theory in educationpptx
An analysis of the mcgregor theory in educationpptxAn analysis of the mcgregor theory in educationpptx
An analysis of the mcgregor theory in educationpptx
 
Use of Social Media in the Classroom.pptx
Use of Social Media in the Classroom.pptxUse of Social Media in the Classroom.pptx
Use of Social Media in the Classroom.pptx
 
PST 5119 DIDACTICS PRIMROSE AND JAMES.pptx
PST 5119 DIDACTICS PRIMROSE AND JAMES.pptxPST 5119 DIDACTICS PRIMROSE AND JAMES.pptx
PST 5119 DIDACTICS PRIMROSE AND JAMES.pptx
 
GENDER Equity Issues in the classroom.pptx
GENDER Equity Issues in the classroom.pptxGENDER Equity Issues in the classroom.pptx
GENDER Equity Issues in the classroom.pptx
 
FEMINISM in Education PRESENTATION Slides.pptx
FEMINISM in Education PRESENTATION Slides.pptxFEMINISM in Education PRESENTATION Slides.pptx
FEMINISM in Education PRESENTATION Slides.pptx
 
Discuss three models of Curriculum Development.pptx
Discuss three models of Curriculum Development.pptxDiscuss three models of Curriculum Development.pptx
Discuss three models of Curriculum Development.pptx
 
5201 Ecological Theory In Education.pptx
5201 Ecological Theory In Education.pptx5201 Ecological Theory In Education.pptx
5201 Ecological Theory In Education.pptx
 
AGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION PRESENTATION (1).pptx
AGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION PRESENTATION (1).pptxAGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION PRESENTATION (1).pptx
AGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION PRESENTATION (1).pptx
 
Scoring Approaches for Essays and Objective Tests.pptx
Scoring Approaches for Essays and Objective Tests.pptxScoring Approaches for Essays and Objective Tests.pptx
Scoring Approaches for Essays and Objective Tests.pptx
 
Assignment Guidelines for Education Courses.ppt
Assignment Guidelines for Education Courses.pptAssignment Guidelines for Education Courses.ppt
Assignment Guidelines for Education Courses.ppt
 
Multicultural education slides for PGDE-1.pptx
Multicultural education slides for PGDE-1.pptxMulticultural education slides for PGDE-1.pptx
Multicultural education slides for PGDE-1.pptx
 

Recently uploaded

Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
MysoreMuleSoftMeetup
 
Présentationvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv2.pptx
Présentationvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv2.pptxPrésentationvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv2.pptx
Présentationvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv2.pptx
siemaillard
 
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two HeartsA Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
Steve Thomason
 
Skimbleshanks-The-Railway-Cat by T S Eliot
Skimbleshanks-The-Railway-Cat by T S EliotSkimbleshanks-The-Railway-Cat by T S Eliot
Skimbleshanks-The-Railway-Cat by T S Eliot
nitinpv4ai
 
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
imrankhan141184
 
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour TrainingNutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
melliereed
 
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skillsspot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
haiqairshad
 
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdfمصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
سمير بسيوني
 
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
PsychoTech Services
 
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
indexPub
 
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
GeorgeMilliken2
 
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
IsmaelVazquez38
 
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
deepaannamalai16
 
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 MicroprocessorStack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
JomonJoseph58
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptxRESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
zuzanka
 
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsxData Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
Prof. Dr. K. Adisesha
 
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
khuleseema60
 
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptxNEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
iammrhaywood
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
 
Présentationvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv2.pptx
Présentationvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv2.pptxPrésentationvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv2.pptx
Présentationvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv2.pptx
 
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two HeartsA Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
 
Skimbleshanks-The-Railway-Cat by T S Eliot
Skimbleshanks-The-Railway-Cat by T S EliotSkimbleshanks-The-Railway-Cat by T S Eliot
Skimbleshanks-The-Railway-Cat by T S Eliot
 
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
 
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour TrainingNutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
 
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
 
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skillsspot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
 
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdfمصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
 
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
 
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
 
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
 
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
 
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
 
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 MicroprocessorStack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
 
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptxRESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
 
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsxData Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
 
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
 
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptxNEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
 

Criticl Theory for use in an Education Context.pptx

  • 2. INTRODUCTION • Critical Theory is a philosophical framework that aims to analyze and critique societal structures of power, domination, and oppression • Presentation examines how educational institutions perpetuate social inequalities • Presentation discusses its application in education, and its role in challenging and disrupting dominant power structures • Presentation looks at its strengths and limitations
  • 3. UNDERSTANDING CRITICAL THEORY • Critical theory is a 20th-century philosophical framework that emerged from the Frankfurt School of social and political thought • Aims to analyze and critique societal structures of power, domination, and oppression • The goal of Critical Theory is to promote social justice and emancipation
  • 4. UNDERSTANDING CRITICAL THEORY • Empowering the marginalized is a crucial aspect of Critical Theory • Critical Theory examines the underlying social, political, and cultural mechanisms that perpetuate inequality • The goal of Critical Theory is to promote social justice and emancipation • By fostering a more just and equitable society, critical theory contributes to the dismantling of oppressive systems
  • 5. KEY THINKERS • Theodor Adorno (1903-1969). A philosopher, sociologist, and musicologist, emphasized the intersection of culture, society, and power. Explored how reason can become instruments of domination and oppression. • Max Horkheimer (1895-1973). A philosopher and sociologist, criticized capitalist society and the role of culture in maintaining social control. • Herbert Marcuse (1898-1979). a philosopher and political theorist, focused on the role of technology, consumerism, and mass media in advanced capitalist societies
  • 6. CRITICAL THEORY IN EDUCATION • Giroux H.A (1997) discusses critical pedagogy and critical theory in education, emphasizing their transformative potential in challenging oppressive power structures. • McLaren P &Farahmandpur R (2017) highlight the transformative potential of critical pedagogy in promoting social change • McLeod J & Gewirtz S. (2005) discuss the application of critical theory in educational research, highlighting its potential to uncover hidden power dynamics • T.S. Popkewitz (1997) explores the interplay between critical theory, education, and Michel Foucault's ideas, focusing on power, knowledge, and disciplinary practices
  • 7. EXAMINING EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS AND PRACTICES THROUGH CRITICAL THEORY • Critical theory provides a framework for analyzing educational systems and practices, revealing power dynamics and challenging oppressive structures. • It can be applied to various aspects of education, such as inclusive education, curriculum analysis, power relations in the classroom, critical pedagogy, and social justice education. • Inclusive education policies can be analyzed to uncover power dynamics that marginalize certain groups. • Curriculum analysis can examine the representation of diverse cultures and histories
  • 8. EXAMINING EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS AND PRACTICES THROUGH CRITICAL THEORY • Power relations in the classroom can be analyzed to promote student voice and empowerment • Critical pedagogy encourages active learning and encourages students to challenge societal norms • Social justice education can be implemented by addressing issues of educational inequity, such as achievement gaps (persistent academic disparities between groups of learners based on factors such as race, class etc)
  • 9. CHALLENGING DOMINANT POWER STRUCTURES IN EDUCATION • Critical theory can be used to challenge dominant power structures in education by analyzing power dynamics, uncovering ideologies, promoting counterhegemonic education (challenges dominant narrative and empowers marginalized groups, challenges oppressive systems and promotes social justice), advocating for social justice, and inspiring transformative action • By examining power dynamics, revealing power imbalances, and questioning established norms and assumptions, critical theory allows for critical reflection and transformative change. It also aims to expose dominant ideologies that shape educational practices, revealing how certain ideologies are privileged while others are marginalized
  • 10. CHALLENGING DOMINANT POWER STRUCTURES IN EDUCATION • Counterhegemonic education encourages educators to question norms and assumptions, empowering students to actively participate in shaping their own education. • Transformative action encourages educators, students, and stakeholders to actively challenge and change oppressive structures, empowering individuals and mobilizing collective efforts to create positive social change • By applying critical theory, educators and researchers can challenge oppressive systems, promote equality, and create a more inclusive and equitable education for all.
  • 11. WAYS CRITICAL THEORY CAN INFORM CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT, PEDAGOGICAL PRACTICES, AND ASSESSMENT STRATEGIES • Educational policies and practices can perpetuate social inequalities and marginalize certain groups through: • Unequal resource allocation in economically disadvantaged areas limits educational opportunities for marginalized groups. • Tracking and ability grouping disproportionately disadvantage marginalized groups, such as low-income or color students. • Standardized testing and narrow assessment practices can also disadvantage marginalized students. • Implicit bias and discrimination can lead to differential treatment for certain groups, resulting in less support and disproportionate discipline. • A lack of culturally responsive education can further marginalize students from diverse backgrounds
  • 12. CRITICISMS AND LIMITATIONS OF CRITICAL THEORY IN EDUCATION • Critical theory in education faces criticisms for its lack of objectivity, overemphasis on power dynamics, potential ideological bias, practical implementation challenges, neglect of individual differences, and limited empirical evidence. • Critics argue that critical theory's subjective nature can lead to biased interpretations and overlook other factors contributing to educational outcomes. They also suggest that a one-size-fits-all approach may not adequately address diverse learning styles and interests. .
  • 13. CRITICISMS AND LIMITATIONS OF CRITICAL THEORY IN EDUCATION • Limited scope can perpetuate hierarchies and overlook marginalized groups. • To address these challenges, educators and researchers must engage in thoughtful discussions and consider the potential challenges and drawbacks of critical theory in educational settings.
  • 14. ALTERNATIVE PERSPECTIVES OF MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION • Critics argue that critical theory in education may overlook the importance of traditional knowledge (perennialism) and individual responsibility (neglect personal effort). • They argue that critical theory, and that a sole focus may overlook the value of established educational practices and contenton challenging dominant power structures may overlook these. • They also suggest the need for balance and objectivity in critical theory (blending with other perspectives)
  • 15. ALTERNATIVE PERSPECTIVES OF MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION • Practical implementation challenges may also hinder the effectiveness of critical theory in education. • Alternative approaches, such as positive psychology, strengths-based education, or culturally responsive pedagogy, can promote social justice and inclusivity while maintaining individual strengths • Evidence-based practices (use of empirical evidence and not just theory to support use of Critical Theory) are also crucial for supporting critical theory's effectiveness in education.
  • 16. CONCLUSION • This discussion has been on the application of critical theory in educational contexts, highlighting its importance in addressing social inequalities and power imbalances. • It emphasizes the role of critical theory in curriculum development, pedagogical practices, and assessment strategies to promote social justice and inclusivity. • However, it also highlights potential limitations such as subjectivity, ideological bias, and practical implementation challenges. • From the discussion educators and researchers may look at engaging with critical theory to create more equitable learning environments. This involves self-reflection, integration of critical theory, rigorous research, and ongoing dialogue.
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19. REFERENCES • Cleary B. L & Hill J. T (2008). Authenticity: A Concept Analysis. Nursing Forum, Vol. 43, No. 2 • Giroux H.A (1997). Critical Pedagogy and Critical Theory: An Overview. The Educational Forum. Taylor & Francis. Volume 61 Issue 2. • McLaren P &Farahmandpur R (2017). Critical Theory and Education: From the Critique of Capitalism to a Critical Pedagogy of Becoming University of Chicago Press. " • McLeod J & Gewirtz S. (2005). Critical Theory and Educational Research: Tracing Connections and Exploring Challenges. British Educational Research Journal. Wiley • T.S. Popkewitz (1997). Critical Theory and Education: A Foucauldian Perspective. Educational Theory. Wiley
  • 20. REFERENCES • Hall, T., Strangman, N., & Meyer, A. (2012). Differentiated Instruction and Implications for UDL Implementation. Wakefield, MA: National Center on Universal Design for Learning. Retrieved from http://www.udlcenter.org/sites/udlcenter.org/files/updateguidelines2_0.pdf • National Center on Intensive Intervention. (2018). Response to Intervention (RTI) and Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS). Retrieved from https://intensiveintervention.org/intensive-intervention/rti-and-mtss • Marzano, R. J. (2007). The Art and Science of Teaching: A Comprehensive Framework for Effective Instruction. ASCD. • Armstrong, T. (2012). Neurodiversity in the Classroom: Strength-Based Strategies to Help Students with Special Needs Succeed in School and Life. ASCD.