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Creating a Third Wave 

of Free/Open 

Source Software
Audrey Eschright / Open Source Bridge 2016
First wave: 1985
By Gah4 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=38604047
Four Software Freedoms
• The freedom to run the program as you wish, for any purpose
(freedom 0).
• The freedom to study how the program works, and change it so it
does your computing as you wish (freedom 1). Access to the
source code is a precondition for this.
• The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your
neighbor (freedom 2).
• The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to
others (freedom 3). By doing this you can give the whole
community a chance to benefit from your changes. Access to
the source code is a precondition for this.
GPL
The license agreements of most software companies try to
keep users at the mercy of those companies. By contrast,
our General Public License is intended to guarantee your
freedom to share and change free software--to make sure
the software is free for all its users. The General Public
License applies to the Free Software Foundation’s software
and to any other program whose authors commit to using it.
You can use it for your programs, too.
Meanwhile…
By Bundesarchiv, B 145 Bild-F077948-0006 / Engelbert Reineke / CC-BY-SA 3.0, CC BY-SA 3.0 de, https://
commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5471855
Second wave: 1998
1. Free Redistribution
2. Source Code
3. Derived Works
4. Integrity of The Author's Source Code
5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups
6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor
7. Distribution of License
8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product
9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software
10. License Must Be Technology-Neutral
The Open Source Definition
We build our industry 

on open source…
technically.
Now: 2016
computers are everywhere!
billions of people have
access to the internet!
we’re feeling the pain
of earlier choices
sustainability
burnout
“meritocracy” just isn’t
the diversity problem
We need to be paid
So how do we 

build software?
Active, intersectional
inclusion
Fair compensation 

of labor
Healthy people,
healthy communities
Effective business
structures
Participation
agreements
Licensing, maybe?
Does the source code
even matter?
What will we call this 

next wave? 

I have no idea. 

I know we can build it
together.
Thank you!
• contact me: audrey@lifeofaudrey.com
• read The Recompiler: recompilermag.com

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Creating a Third Wave of Free/Open Source Software