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The ECL-model in it´s Nordic
         context

 Copyright and Collective licensing




           Lars Grönquist
ABOUT COPYSWEDE

Copyswede manages the rights and make agreements regarding:
• simultaneous and unaltered retransmission
    – by cable and by air
• collection of the statutory private copying levy
• recording for educational purposes

Copyswede also represents authors' and performers' rights
regarding:
• videogram publication of TV programmes

and manage
• individual distribution of collected remunerations and levies
COPYSWEDE's member organisations
Nordic Copyright       The Swedish              Visual Copyright in
Bureau (NCB)           Playwrights Union        Sweden (BUS)
The Swedish Artists     The Swedish Union for The Association of
and Musicians’ Interest Theatre, Artists and  Swedish Professional
Organization (SAMI)     Media (TF)            Photographers

The Swedish            The Swedish Union of     The Association of
Performing Rights      Journalists              Swedish Illustrators
Society (STIM)
The Swedish            The Swedish Writers’     The Association of
Musicians’ Union       Union                    Swedish Craftsmen
                                                and Designers (KIF)
The Swedish            The Association of
Federation of          Authors of Educational
Professional Musicians Material
(SYMF)
COPYSWEDE's partners


  • The Union of Broadcasting Organisations
  in Sweden (UBOS)
  • The International Federation of the
  Phonographic Industry (IFPI), Swedish
  Group
  • The Swedish Film Producers Rights
  Federation (FRF)
COPYRIGHT AND COLLECTIVE LICENSING


  - Copyright is an individual right
  - In an complex media situation – it is
  important to safeguard the individual
  copyright
COPYRIGHT AND COLLECTIVE LICENSING
                     Authors
                       and


       member        member        member
      organisatio   organisatio   organisatio


                      which
                      make


         user          user          user



          PUBLIC        PUBLIC        PUBLIC
The Extended Collective License -
In the Swedish Copyright Act:
• Broadcasting of certain categories of works
• Reprographic reproduction for internal
information in enterprises, organizations etc.
• Making copies for educational purposes, e.g.
reprographic reproduction and recording of radio-
and TV-programmes for educational use
• Libraries and archives communication of certain
works to the public
• Simultaneous and unaltered retransmission of
radio and TV programmes
• Re-use of the Broadcasters archives
The Extended Collective License -
In the Swedish Copyright Act:
• Broadcasting of certain categories of works
• Reprographic reproduction for internal
information in enterprises, organizations etc.
• Making copies for educational purposes, e.g.
reprographic reproduction and recording of radio-
and TV-programmes for educational use
• Libraries and archives communication of certain
works to the public
• Simultaneous and unaltered retransmission of
radio and TV programmes
• Re-use of the Broadcasters archives
Cable-TV (retransmission)

Primary licensees:
• Cable operators
• Hotels, camping grounds and rental cottages
• Schools and organizations for internal use
Cable-TV (retransmission)
The license
• Standard agreements
• Remuneration: certain
amount per channel/
household/month
The ECL within Copyswedes activities



   - Makes licensing possible in certain
   areas of use
The ECL within Copyswedes activities

Safeguards for non-represented
rightholders
• non-members must be treated as
members,
• but have always the right to individual
remuneration
• and the right to prohibit the use under
ECL (except regarding retransmission)
DISTRIBUTION



 - Ability to distribute the
 remunerations to the rightholders
DISTRIBUTION
Retransmission revenue
 - Distributions agreements with co-operation
 partners
 - The Copyswede share is allocated among the
 channels
 - Foreign channels revenue – transferred to
 organizations in the county of origin (according to
 reciprocal agreements),

 - and Copyswede receive payment from foreign
 countries
 - Individual distribution to each of the rightholders
Private copying levy
• Copies for private purposes allowed by law – 12 § Copyright Act
• One or a few copies of works that are made public

Private Copying Levy 26 k-m §§:
• ”businessman that manufactures or imports into this country”
• ”products especially suitable for the making of copies of sound
and moving images of works for private purposes”
• The authors and performers ”have a right to remuneration”
Lars Grönquist




Industrigatan 2 A, 112 46 Stockholm
tel 08-545 667 00, fax 08-667 88 11
info@copyswede.se www.copyswede.se

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The ECL-model in it ́s Nordic context Copyright and Collective licensing

  • 1. The ECL-model in it´s Nordic context Copyright and Collective licensing Lars Grönquist
  • 2. ABOUT COPYSWEDE Copyswede manages the rights and make agreements regarding: • simultaneous and unaltered retransmission – by cable and by air • collection of the statutory private copying levy • recording for educational purposes Copyswede also represents authors' and performers' rights regarding: • videogram publication of TV programmes and manage • individual distribution of collected remunerations and levies
  • 3. COPYSWEDE's member organisations Nordic Copyright The Swedish Visual Copyright in Bureau (NCB) Playwrights Union Sweden (BUS) The Swedish Artists The Swedish Union for The Association of and Musicians’ Interest Theatre, Artists and Swedish Professional Organization (SAMI) Media (TF) Photographers The Swedish The Swedish Union of The Association of Performing Rights Journalists Swedish Illustrators Society (STIM) The Swedish The Swedish Writers’ The Association of Musicians’ Union Union Swedish Craftsmen and Designers (KIF) The Swedish The Association of Federation of Authors of Educational Professional Musicians Material (SYMF)
  • 4. COPYSWEDE's partners • The Union of Broadcasting Organisations in Sweden (UBOS) • The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI), Swedish Group • The Swedish Film Producers Rights Federation (FRF)
  • 5. COPYRIGHT AND COLLECTIVE LICENSING - Copyright is an individual right - In an complex media situation – it is important to safeguard the individual copyright
  • 6. COPYRIGHT AND COLLECTIVE LICENSING Authors and member member member organisatio organisatio organisatio which make user user user PUBLIC PUBLIC PUBLIC
  • 7. The Extended Collective License - In the Swedish Copyright Act: • Broadcasting of certain categories of works • Reprographic reproduction for internal information in enterprises, organizations etc. • Making copies for educational purposes, e.g. reprographic reproduction and recording of radio- and TV-programmes for educational use • Libraries and archives communication of certain works to the public • Simultaneous and unaltered retransmission of radio and TV programmes • Re-use of the Broadcasters archives
  • 8. The Extended Collective License - In the Swedish Copyright Act: • Broadcasting of certain categories of works • Reprographic reproduction for internal information in enterprises, organizations etc. • Making copies for educational purposes, e.g. reprographic reproduction and recording of radio- and TV-programmes for educational use • Libraries and archives communication of certain works to the public • Simultaneous and unaltered retransmission of radio and TV programmes • Re-use of the Broadcasters archives
  • 9. Cable-TV (retransmission) Primary licensees: • Cable operators • Hotels, camping grounds and rental cottages • Schools and organizations for internal use
  • 10. Cable-TV (retransmission) The license • Standard agreements • Remuneration: certain amount per channel/ household/month
  • 11. The ECL within Copyswedes activities - Makes licensing possible in certain areas of use
  • 12. The ECL within Copyswedes activities Safeguards for non-represented rightholders • non-members must be treated as members, • but have always the right to individual remuneration • and the right to prohibit the use under ECL (except regarding retransmission)
  • 13. DISTRIBUTION - Ability to distribute the remunerations to the rightholders
  • 14. DISTRIBUTION Retransmission revenue - Distributions agreements with co-operation partners - The Copyswede share is allocated among the channels - Foreign channels revenue – transferred to organizations in the county of origin (according to reciprocal agreements), - and Copyswede receive payment from foreign countries - Individual distribution to each of the rightholders
  • 15. Private copying levy • Copies for private purposes allowed by law – 12 § Copyright Act • One or a few copies of works that are made public Private Copying Levy 26 k-m §§: • ”businessman that manufactures or imports into this country” • ”products especially suitable for the making of copies of sound and moving images of works for private purposes” • The authors and performers ”have a right to remuneration”
  • 16. Lars Grönquist Industrigatan 2 A, 112 46 Stockholm tel 08-545 667 00, fax 08-667 88 11 info@copyswede.se www.copyswede.se