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Views and opinions expressed are those of the author(s) only and do not necessarily reflect those of the
European Union or the European Commission. Neither the EU nor the EC can be held responsible for them.
CO-OP4CBD and its role in increasing
Science – Policy Interface
CO-OP4CBD Paris Training, 18-19 April 202407 June 2023, Brussels
Jorge L. Ventocilla
Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, CO-OP4CBD
Views and opinions expressed are those of the author(s) only and do not necessarily reflect those of the
European Union or the European Commission. Neither the EU nor the EC can be held responsible for them.
Presentation outline
• What is CO-OP4CBD?
• What is SPI?
• Basic facts about SPIs
• Why is SPI for Biodiversity important?
• What makes SPIs better?
• How does COOP4CBD facilitate SPI?
Views and opinions expressed are those of the author(s) only and do not necessarily reflect those of the
European Union or the European Commission. Neither the EU nor the EC can be held responsible for them.
What is
Improving Cooperation for the
Convention on Biological Diversity?
Meet the team
CO-OP4CBD is a European network of professionals
from the academic and non-academic sectors across a
wide range of disciplines, including nine project
partners from five EU member states, Norway, and
the United Kingdom.
Mission: CO-OP4CBD aims to strengthen the role of the
European Union (EU) in the Convention on Biological Diversity
(CBD) and related international agreements.
Goal: CO-OP4CBD enhances coordination within the EU to
advance the implementation of the CBD by harnessing the
expertise from EU-funded projects and initiatives more
effectively.
About the project:
Cooperation for the Convention on Biological Diversity (CO-OP4CBD)
CO-OP4CBD’s key objectives
Develop and implement an effective approach to engage the
best available experts to support the EU, Member States,
and associated countries with positions, briefings, and
evidence to support their negotiators in the CBD processes.
Improve the access to European expertise through enhanced
mechanisms for technical and scientific cooperation and
through targeted capacity-building.
Contribute to the development of an effective monitoring and
review process for the implementation of the Kunming-
Montreal biodiversity package by the CBD Parties.
Key stakeholders and target groups
CBD
negotiators
from EU, its
Member States
and associated
countries
National Focal
Points to the
CBD and
subsidiary
bodies
National Focal
Points to the
CHM
European
researchers
European
practitioners,
including staff
from EU
institutions
What is SPI?
● a communication mechanism to translate findings into formats that policy makers can
easily understand
● Helps to bridge the gap between science and policy
● SPIs involve an exchange of information and knowledge. This exchange leads to
learning, and ultimately influences decisions and changes behaviour
Science
Policy
Society
Science-Policy-Society
interactions (adapted from:
Généreux, Lafontaine, &
Eykelbosh, 2019).
Basic facts about SPIs
- Can cover a very wide range of venues, situations and methods
- Can be formal or informal structures
- Are driven by policy demand or by supply of science
- Can be long-term processes or one-off events
- Their common feature is the potential for exchange of information, joint knowledge
development and learning
Formal structures Informal structures
 The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
 Official policy implementation reviews
 Townhall meetings
 Consultations at the European Commission
 The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on
Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)
 Discussing a project with funders
 Co-deciding how to carry out research
 Randomly emailing research summaries to government
departments
 One-to-one conversations between a decision-maker and a
scientist
 Lobbying
 Field trips
 Workshops with policymakers, scientists and potentially other
stakeholders
 Conference presentations of scientific results
Why is SPI for Biodiversity important?
● The failure to advance in managing the loss of biodiversity has been identified as “a
collective failure of the science-policy process” (Larigauderie & Mooney, 2010).
● There is a diverse range of institutionalized SPIs – not only because of the broad
definition, but also because knowledge of biodiversity is produced in many
different ways by many different organisations – therefore it gets used for various
institutional contexts
● It is important to know where/how/why biodiversity goals might conflict with the goals of
other sectors. Using consensus to formulate policies can help make the policies
more appealing to wider audiences/interests.
● Emerging issues often require input from various organisations and individuals.
Involving key people and institutions as knowledge brokers can help facilitate
mutual understanding between both the scientific and policy actors. Informal
face-to-face interactions can also help and reinforce strategic dialogue.
What makes SPIs better?
1) Credibility: the perceived quality, validity and scientific adequacy of the people, processes
and knowledge exchanged at the interface. To be credible, SPIs must have access to
excellent people, skills, and the latest knowledge. But that alone is not enough: the way
the SPI is seen by others is vital.
2) Relevance: the perception of the usefulness of the knowledge brokered in the SPI, how
closely it relates to the needs of policy and society, and how responsive the SPI processes
are to these changing needs. Relevance is crucial for having a real impact. It is also key
to motivating participation, not just on the policy side but also among scientists.
3) Legitimacy: the perceived fairness and balance of the SPI processes. Legitimacy is
especially important when knowledge is contested, when policy decisions involve
winners and losers, and in all other situations where conflict may arise. Wide coverage
of expertise and perspectives not only increases the knowledge base and credibility of the
SPI, it also helps legitimacy, provided time is taken to explore issues from a variety of
perspectives.
How does COOP4CBD facilitate SPI?
Calls for Experts, worshops, trainings, dialogues…
Dialogues
between experts
and policy makers
Train thematic experts on the
Convention on Biological
Diversity
Collect
knowledge
needs from
CBD National
focal points
Train CHM
NFPs on the
use of the
Bioland tool
Technical and Scientific
Cooperation training (e.g.
for national staff under the
CBD)
Production of
Technical Issue Briefs
Creation of Communities
Entry points for further collaboration
Submit an
expression of
interest to our call
for experts
Subscribe to our
newsletter
Check our
calendar of
relevant regional
and global events
https://coop4cbd.eu/
Thank you for your attention!
Contact information: https://coop4cbd.eu/contact
@coop4cbd
www.linkedin.com/company/co-op4cbd
https://coop4cbd.eu/
Capacity-needs Assessment

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CO-OP4CBD and its role in increasing Science – Policy Interface. Jorge Luis Ventocilla.

  • 1. Views and opinions expressed are those of the author(s) only and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Union or the European Commission. Neither the EU nor the EC can be held responsible for them. CO-OP4CBD and its role in increasing Science – Policy Interface CO-OP4CBD Paris Training, 18-19 April 202407 June 2023, Brussels Jorge L. Ventocilla Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, CO-OP4CBD
  • 2. Views and opinions expressed are those of the author(s) only and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Union or the European Commission. Neither the EU nor the EC can be held responsible for them. Presentation outline • What is CO-OP4CBD? • What is SPI? • Basic facts about SPIs • Why is SPI for Biodiversity important? • What makes SPIs better? • How does COOP4CBD facilitate SPI?
  • 3. Views and opinions expressed are those of the author(s) only and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Union or the European Commission. Neither the EU nor the EC can be held responsible for them. What is Improving Cooperation for the Convention on Biological Diversity?
  • 4. Meet the team CO-OP4CBD is a European network of professionals from the academic and non-academic sectors across a wide range of disciplines, including nine project partners from five EU member states, Norway, and the United Kingdom.
  • 5. Mission: CO-OP4CBD aims to strengthen the role of the European Union (EU) in the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and related international agreements. Goal: CO-OP4CBD enhances coordination within the EU to advance the implementation of the CBD by harnessing the expertise from EU-funded projects and initiatives more effectively. About the project: Cooperation for the Convention on Biological Diversity (CO-OP4CBD)
  • 6. CO-OP4CBD’s key objectives Develop and implement an effective approach to engage the best available experts to support the EU, Member States, and associated countries with positions, briefings, and evidence to support their negotiators in the CBD processes. Improve the access to European expertise through enhanced mechanisms for technical and scientific cooperation and through targeted capacity-building. Contribute to the development of an effective monitoring and review process for the implementation of the Kunming- Montreal biodiversity package by the CBD Parties.
  • 7. Key stakeholders and target groups CBD negotiators from EU, its Member States and associated countries National Focal Points to the CBD and subsidiary bodies National Focal Points to the CHM European researchers European practitioners, including staff from EU institutions
  • 8. What is SPI? ● a communication mechanism to translate findings into formats that policy makers can easily understand ● Helps to bridge the gap between science and policy ● SPIs involve an exchange of information and knowledge. This exchange leads to learning, and ultimately influences decisions and changes behaviour Science Policy Society Science-Policy-Society interactions (adapted from: Généreux, Lafontaine, & Eykelbosh, 2019).
  • 9. Basic facts about SPIs - Can cover a very wide range of venues, situations and methods - Can be formal or informal structures - Are driven by policy demand or by supply of science - Can be long-term processes or one-off events - Their common feature is the potential for exchange of information, joint knowledge development and learning Formal structures Informal structures  The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)  Official policy implementation reviews  Townhall meetings  Consultations at the European Commission  The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)  Discussing a project with funders  Co-deciding how to carry out research  Randomly emailing research summaries to government departments  One-to-one conversations between a decision-maker and a scientist  Lobbying  Field trips  Workshops with policymakers, scientists and potentially other stakeholders  Conference presentations of scientific results
  • 10. Why is SPI for Biodiversity important? ● The failure to advance in managing the loss of biodiversity has been identified as “a collective failure of the science-policy process” (Larigauderie & Mooney, 2010). ● There is a diverse range of institutionalized SPIs – not only because of the broad definition, but also because knowledge of biodiversity is produced in many different ways by many different organisations – therefore it gets used for various institutional contexts ● It is important to know where/how/why biodiversity goals might conflict with the goals of other sectors. Using consensus to formulate policies can help make the policies more appealing to wider audiences/interests. ● Emerging issues often require input from various organisations and individuals. Involving key people and institutions as knowledge brokers can help facilitate mutual understanding between both the scientific and policy actors. Informal face-to-face interactions can also help and reinforce strategic dialogue.
  • 11. What makes SPIs better? 1) Credibility: the perceived quality, validity and scientific adequacy of the people, processes and knowledge exchanged at the interface. To be credible, SPIs must have access to excellent people, skills, and the latest knowledge. But that alone is not enough: the way the SPI is seen by others is vital. 2) Relevance: the perception of the usefulness of the knowledge brokered in the SPI, how closely it relates to the needs of policy and society, and how responsive the SPI processes are to these changing needs. Relevance is crucial for having a real impact. It is also key to motivating participation, not just on the policy side but also among scientists. 3) Legitimacy: the perceived fairness and balance of the SPI processes. Legitimacy is especially important when knowledge is contested, when policy decisions involve winners and losers, and in all other situations where conflict may arise. Wide coverage of expertise and perspectives not only increases the knowledge base and credibility of the SPI, it also helps legitimacy, provided time is taken to explore issues from a variety of perspectives.
  • 12. How does COOP4CBD facilitate SPI?
  • 13. Calls for Experts, worshops, trainings, dialogues… Dialogues between experts and policy makers Train thematic experts on the Convention on Biological Diversity Collect knowledge needs from CBD National focal points Train CHM NFPs on the use of the Bioland tool Technical and Scientific Cooperation training (e.g. for national staff under the CBD) Production of Technical Issue Briefs Creation of Communities
  • 14. Entry points for further collaboration Submit an expression of interest to our call for experts Subscribe to our newsletter Check our calendar of relevant regional and global events https://coop4cbd.eu/
  • 15. Thank you for your attention! Contact information: https://coop4cbd.eu/contact @coop4cbd www.linkedin.com/company/co-op4cbd https://coop4cbd.eu/

Editor's Notes

  1. 9 Partners in 5 EU countries + Norway and the UK.
  2. Mission: Strengthen SPI to support engagement in CBD processes Goal: Harness knowledge from experts from the EU and Associated countries to advance the implementation of the CBD
  3. Objectives: Engage the best available experts Improve access to European expertise Contribute to the development of monitoring and review process to support the implementation of the Kunming-Montreal GBF.
  4. As social learning is a major component of SPIs, it makes sense that society is included in the SPI. As such, SPIs are increasingly seen as including three main areas: science, policy and society. Science can help identify problems and needs that come from policy and society; this then gets incorporated into research, which is then transformed into knowledge. Knowledge can also come from policy and society, so SPIs are at the interface between science and policy and science and society. If we follow the information flow shown below, knowledge is transferred, adopted and diffused to policy actors and society and this process influence decision making and leads to potential behavioural change.