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Practice Your Speaking
Conversation I
Rifki Amin
M. Ariyudha Rio
Rifki Amin
i
Conversation I
M. Ariyudha Rio
Rifki Amin
Sekolah Tinggi Bahasa Asing Pertiwi
ii
Language is systematically process human has. Language is a system of
communication consisting of sounds, words and grammar, or the system of
communication used by the people of a particular country or profession. It can
be inferred that communication may be happened if the people produce a
sound, word and grammar, or system which exists in the country to interact
each others.
Conversation I, the book you are reading, is one of the textbooks containing
course materials arranged by Mr. M. Ariyudha Rio and Mr. Rifki Amin –two
lecturers who teach English at Sekolah Tinggi Bahasa Asing (STBA) Pertiwi
Tangerang. The arrangements of these course materials have been done as one
of the attempts to fulfill the needs of the textbook containing course materials
which go along with the syllabus of the related course.
Tangerang, December 2015
The writer
PREFACE
iii
Preface ii
Contents iii
Chart of Tenses vi
Lesson I : Introducing Self and Other 1
Lesson II : Asking for and Giving Permission 10
Lesson III : Describing People and Things 13
Lesson IV` : Asking Where Things Are 22
Lesson V : Telling the Times 28
Lesson VI : Accepting and Declining Invitation 36
Lesson VII : Asking and Giving Direction 41
Lesson VIII : Expressing Preferences/Likes/Dislikes 48
Lesson IX : Expressing Agreement and Disagreement 55
Lesson X : Talking about Personal History 60
Lesson XI : Offering and Requesting 63
Lesson XII : Meeting an Old Friend (Leave Taking) 70
Lesson XIII : Telling Past Experiences 77
Bibliography 80
CONTENTS
1
Lesson I
Introducing Self and Other
A. Introducing Self
1. Name
- What is your name? + My name is Larry
- May I have your name? + I am Larry
- My I know your name
2. Introducing yourself
- Hello, my name is Robby.
- Hi, I am Marry. Marry Smith.
- May I introduce myself? My name is Peter Brown
- Can I introduce myself?
- I'd like to introduce myself. I am Martin
- Let me introduce myself.
- I want to introduce myself.
3. Responses
- Hi, I’m Ellen. Nice to meet you.
- Very glad to see you
- I’m pleased to meet you
- I’m Connie. I’m glad to see you
- I’m pleased to meet you
- It’s very nice to see you
4. Offering question, by saying:
- Any question for me?
5. Closing
To end up the self introduction, we can say:
- That is my introduction
- I think that's all
2
- Thanks for your attention
- Thank you
B. Introducing others
1. Introducing one to another
- Dewi, this is Icha, my next door neighbors.
- Indra, this is Mr. Adi from Indonesia.
- Mrs. Michele, I would like you to meet my sister Rina.
- Rina, this is Mrs. Martin, my English teacher.
- Mr. Harun, allow me to introduce Rusli, He is my roomate.
2. Greetings
- Hi, Larry
- Hey, Alice
- Good morning, Mr. Dhani
- Good afternoon
- Good evening
- Assalamualaikum
- How’s life
- How are you doing
- How is it going
- How are things with you
C. Greetings
When we meet someone we know, we usually greet him/her whatever formal or
informal. Informal greeting is used when we meet someone we already know each
other, like classmates, close friend, or friend. The informal greeting expression, are:
1. Hi
2. Hello
The formal greetings are usually used when we meet someone whom we respect.
To express the formal greeting we can use, like these:
1. Good morning: since get up in the morning until have lunch (00.00-12.am)
3
2. Good noon: at exactly at 12.00 a.m.
3. Good afternoon: after having lunch until tea time (13.00 - 17.00)
4. Good evening: after tea time until go to bed (18.00 - 24.00)
After we greet someone, we usually ask someone by the following expression:
1. Asking condition
To ask some ones condition, we used:
- How are you?
- How is everything?
- How is life?
- How are things?
- How is getting on?
The responses of those are. If you are in good condition say:
- Fine, thanks.
- Very well, thank you
- Not too bad, thanks.
- So – so
- Pretty well, thanks.
and you?
how about you?
and how’re you doing?
If you are not well, say:
- I am not very well, thanks.
- Not too well, I'm afraid.
2. Asking activity
To ask someone’s activity. We use:
- Where are you going?
- What are you doing?
4
D. Explanatory Notes
Introducing oneself
- Hi, I’m Baskara.
- Hello, my name’s Baskara.
- Good evening. My name is Baskara.
- May I introduce myself? I’m Baskara.
- Let me introduce myself. My name is Baskara.
- How do you do? My name is Baskara.
Responses
- Hi, I’m Renata. Glad to meet you.
- Hello. My name’s Renata. Pleased
to meet you.
- Good evening. I’m Renata. How
do you do?
- How do you do? My name is
Renata. Nice to meet you
Introducing others
- Do you know Baskara?
- Have you met Baskara?
- This is a friend of mine, Renata.
- Baska this is Rena, my friend.
- May I introduce our new member, Mr. Rafael Romero?
- Please allow me to introduce our new District Manager.
- Let me introduce you to Mr. Iskandar our Marketing Manager. Mr. Iskandar, this
is Mr. Hermawan from Borneo Plantation Company.
Responses
- No, I don’t think so.
- No, I haven’t.
- Hi, glad to meet you. I’m Renata.
- Hello, Renata. Pleased to meet you.
5
- I’m glad to know you.
- It’s nice to meet you.
- How do you do?
- How do you do? It’s very nice to
meet you.
E. Model Dialogue
1. While waiting for her English class, Sari is sitting at her desk. Susi is
approaching her to introduce herself.
Sari : hello,
Susi : hi, please sit down.
Sari : thank you, my name is Sari. I’m a new student in this class.
Susi : I’m Susi. I’m also a new student here.
Sari : well, we’re both new then. I’m glad.
Susi : so am I. we can practice our English together.
Sari : sure, why not?
2. In a boarding lounge, Rini Introduces herself to Mrs. Fira. Both of them are
going to Yogya.
Rini : excuse me, madam. May I sit here?
Mrs. Fira : certainly.
Rini : my name’s Rini. I’m travelling alone.
Mrs. Fira : well, I’m going to Yogya, too. I’ve been there for several times.
So, don’t worry. I can tell you a lot about the city.
Rini : oh, thank you.
3. Adam introduces his friend Adi to his guest Mr. Johnson.
Adam : Mr. Johnson, I would like you to meet my friend Adi
Adi, this is Mr. Johnson. He’s from Canada.
Adi : how do you do, Mr. Johnson?
Mr. Johnson : how do you do, Adi? I’m very glad to see you
Adi : I’m very glad to see you, too. Mr. Johnson.
Mr. Johnson : are you and Adam from the same school?
Adi : yes, we are
6
Adam : Adi is even my next door neighbor.
Mr. Johnson : oh, really.
4. A man begins to talk with a woman at a party.
M : hi, my name is Joshua Green.
I saw you standing here alone and I thought I might join you a
moment.
W : hello, Mr. Green. It’s nice to meet you.
My name is Lori Stevens. Please call me Lori.
M : O.K. Lori. Please call me Josh. Are you a friend of Dick and Tracy’s?
W : yes, I am. I’ve known them for some ten years now. And you?
M : I was their teacher.
F. Speaking
a. Practice the following exercises orally. Write your sentences in the blanks
provided.
1) Ana : Hi, my Ana
I’m a
Sari : Hi, I’m . I’m
Nice to
Ana : Nice too
2) Sinta : May I ?
My Sinta.
Heri : My Heri. I’m glad to meet you.
Sinta : I’m too
Heri : Do you want to see the lecturer?
Sinta : Yes, I have an appointment with him.
3) Melly : Mom, I’d my friend Nina Indah.
Nina my mother.
Nina : How , Mrs. Hari?
Mrs. Hari: Miss Nina.
Nina : Just call me Nina.
7
Mrs. Hari: All right, Nina. Make yourself at home.
Nina : Thank you, Mrs. Hari.
4) Dedy : Indah, let me my friend, Sari.
Sari : Pleased Miss. Mary.
Mary : I too, Sari. Just call me Mary.
Sari : Sure, Mary
b. Practice orally, then write the sentences in the blanks.
1) You meet a school friend, Taufik Kemas. His father with him.
You : hello, Taufik
Taufik : hello, how’s everything?
You :
Taufik : You haven’t met my father, have you?
You :
Mr. Johan : It is nice to meet you.
2) At a party
Guest : I’m sorry. I don’t think we’ve met.
You : oh, ?
Guest : Hello, I’m Tata
You :
3) Asking someone’s name
A : excuse me. Are you ?
B : and what’s your name?
A :
4) At the same party
A : excuse me. What’s your name?
B :
A : oh. I’m Rudy.
B :
8
5) Introducing your friend
A : I’d like to meet my friend, George. This is
B :
C : nice to meet you, too.
G. Role Play
1. Role A
Another student looks very familiar, and you’ve seen him or her before. Try to
figure out where, using this information about your own activities:
You take English course at the university language center.
You work at the Starbuck’s Coffee Shop part time.
You study at the university library.
Role B
A student who looks familiar thinks you look familiar, too. Try to figure out
where you’ve seen each other. Ask questions about his or her activities, using
this information about your own.
You go fishing a lot.
You’re taking a French class at the France Education Center.
You’re librarian at the university library.
Start like this :
 You look so familiar. Have I seen you somewhere before?
End like this :
 Then that’s where we’ve seen each other.
2. Role A
You go into a cafe in Kemang, South Jakarta, and sit down at a table next to
someone who is reading Jakarta map. Strike up a conversation and tell him or
her about yourself. Find out :
1. The person is from.
2. If this is his or her first trip to Jakarta.
3. What kind of work he or she does.
9
Start like this :
 I see you’re reading or seeing Jakarta map ... etc.
Role B
You’re sitting a cafe in Austin, Texas, and the person at the table next to you
start a conversation. Here is some information you can use :
1. You live in Milan, Italy, but you are born in Paris.
2. This is your third trip to Indonesia, but it’s your first trip to Jakarta.
3. You’re here on business.
4. You own a small Publishing company in Milan. Find out if the person next
to you has ever been to Italy.
3. Make up dialogues based on the following situations.
a. Tuti and Dini are visiting their boss Mrs. Sunaryo. While they are talking,
Mr. Sunaryo joins them. Tuti and Dini have not met him before. Mrs.
Sunaryo introduces her husband to them.
b. Two strangers Adi and Tono meet at a party. They introduces themselves
to each other. They have nice talk because they have the same interest,
football.
c. During the break in a seminar, Ani and Sita meet Mrs. Sudarmo, one of the
speakers Mrs. Sudarmo knows Ani, but she does not know Sita. Ani
introduces Sita to her.
10
Lesson II
Asking for and Giving Permission
A. Function
1. Asking for Permission
I wonder if I could …
Do you mind if I …
Is it all right if I …
May I …
Could I ….
Can I …
2. Giving Permission
By all means
Not at all
Go ahead
Certainly
Sure
3. Refusing Permission
Well, actually I’d rather you didn’t
I’d rather you didn’t
I’m sorry, but ….
I’m afraid you can’t. …
Sorry, but …
Be aware of responding the question “Do you mind if …?”.
If we want to grant/give permission, the response includes
“No / Not “, such as: “No, help yourself”, “Certainly not”.
B. Speaking
1. Pasha : Can I speak to you after class?
Erna : Sorry, ______________________.
11
2. Agus : _________________________?
Anis : Sorry, but you have to do the homework yourself.
3. Man : Do you mind ___________?
Woman : No, go ahead.
4. Rian : I wonder if I ____________________?
Maria : By all means
5. Guest : Do you mind if I ask another glass of tea?
Host : ______________ yourself.
Could I copy your homework
but I have to join English extracurricular
could use your telephone
if I sit here
I wonder if I could
Certainly not. Help
Direction :
Make sentences with “Can I”, “Can we” , “May I”, or “May we” and then you give
or
refuse permission by saying: “Yes, you can” or “No, I’m afraid you can’t.”
Rafi wants to sleep early.
Rafi : Can I sleep early?
You : No, I’m afraid you can’t.
1. Bambang wants to use your pen.
Bambang : __________________________?
You : __________________________.
2. Ani and Rita want to borrow your motorbike.
Ani : ___________________________?
You : ___________________________.
12
3. Dodi wants to go home now.
Dodi : __________________________?
You : __________________________.
4. Edi and Hendra want to smoke at school.
Edi and Hendra : _______________________?
You : ______________________.
5. Ali wants to use your computer.
Ali : __________________________?
You : __________________________. Rafi wants to sleep early.
C. Role Play
Work in pairs. Use the cues below to ask and refuse permission. Refuse with
different reason each time.
Cues Reasons
Smoke
This is a non-smoking section.
There is a “No Smoking” sign.
I feel sick when people smoke.
Borrow your motorbike
There’s just little petrol in it.
It’s being fixed.
There’s something wrong with the
brake.
Ask you to go out
It’s drizzle now.
You are broke.
Call you at night
There are too much homework to do.
I have to study.
It’s time to sleep. It will disturb other
people at home.
13
Lesson III
Describing People and Things
In our life, we often need to know how to describe colors, sizes, shapes, etc. We also
need to ask and answer about someone’s profession, origin, and nationality. Besides, we
will always deal with numbers to get information about times, days, dates, months,
years, etc. And in this Unit, you will study about all of those things.
A. Physical Appearance
1 2 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16
14
Face shape : thin, long, angular, round, baby-face (d)
Nose : flat, pointed
Cheeks : high chick bones, chubby
Eyes : small, large, narrow, round, blue, etc : twinkled, shine.
Complexion : dark, fair, smooth, rough, swarthy, weather-beaten.
Hair : blonde, (light/dark) brown, red, ginger, auburn, black, grey,
wavy, curly, fizzy, straight, long, short, bald, balding (becoming
bald).
Height : tall, short, small, of medium/average height.
Build : slim/slender (women only), thin, of medium/average build well
build, stout, stocky, fat, athletic in build, a lovely/good/well-
proportioned figure.
Age : young, middle-aged, elderly, old, in hi/her (early/mid-/late),
teens/twenties/thirties.
Nature : determined, serious, stern, strict, tolerant, happy-go-lucky,
carefree, happy,
jolly, cheerful, kind, patient, gentle, mean, cruel, understanding,
impatient, suspicious.
Clothes : untidy, sloppy, neat, smart, (untidily/sloppily/well-neatly/
smartly), dressed jeans, trousers, shorts, blouse, shirt, jumper,
sweater, cardigan, skirt, dress, (sport) coat, jacket, suit.
Shoes : high-heeled shoes, flat shoes, sandals, plimsolls, boots, slippers.
B. Adjectives Showing Physical
Appearance
1. Looks : handsome, ugly, beautiful, pretty, cute, fat, thin, skinny, slim, charming,
attractive
2. Height : tall, short
3. Weight : heavy, light
4. Age : young, old
5. Hair type : long, short, curly, straight, wavy
6. Hair color : black, grey, white, blond
15
Questions:
1. How tall is each person?
2. What is he/she like in build?
3. How old do you think he/she is?
4. What is his/her hair like?
5. What kind of a face has he/she?
6. What can you gather about his/her nature?
7. How is he/she dressed
C. Origin, Nationalities and Professions
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10
Questions:
1. a. Where are you from?
b. Where do you come from?
2. a. What nationality are you?
b. What is your nationality?
3. a. Where’s he from?
b. Where does he come from?
4. a. What nationality is he?
b. What is his nationality?
5. a. Where are they from?
b. Where do they come from?
6. a. What nationality are they?
b. What is their nationality?
16
7. a. They’re from Iraq.
b. They come from Iraq.
c. They’re Iraqi.
8. a. I am a teacher.
b. She’s a secretary.
c. They’re farmers.
9. a. What’s your job?
b. What’s your profession?
c. What’s your occupation?
d. What are you?
e. What do you do?
10. a. He’s from Vietnam.
b. He comes from Vietnam.
c. He’s Vietnamese.
11. a. What’s her job?
b. What’s her profession?
c. What’s her occupation?
d. What is she?
e. What does she do?
12. a. What are their jobs?
b. What are their professions?
c. What are their occupations?
d. What are they?
e. What do they do?
13. a. I’m from Indonesia.
b. I come from Indonesia.
c. I’m Indonesian.
D. Describing thing(s)
Some expressions
1. What exactly does the object look like?
It is long and thin like a cigar
Black and old stone
Soft and oily blood
2. How big is the object?
Oh.. It is big as a house
a big free
an elephant
3. Would you describe your book please?
bag
glasses
4. What type is it?
It’s an attaché one
a folding
a hand bag
17
5. What is it made of?
It’s made of leather
wood
metal
6. How big is it? What’s the size?
It’s about 20 by 20 cm
7. What color is it?
It’s dark blue
light grey
green
8. What’s your bag contain?
It contains some cosmetics, jewelry, books, etc.
E. Describing colors, qualities, sizes, shapes, and materials
Colors can make our life bright and interesting. Imagine how boring our life
would be if there were no colors. We cannot enjoy the beauty of flowers, rainbow,
butterflies, etc. Wherever we are, we will find colors: at home, at school, in the
park, in the garden, etc. We will also find colors from the time we get up in the
morning until the time we go to bed at night. So, colors are very meaningful in our
life.
Here are the Colors:
Black
Pink
Brown
Red
Yellow
White
Blue Orange
COLOURS
Green
Grey
18
Some expressions
Color
1. The circle is red. It is a red circle.
2. The square is blue. It is a blue square.
Qualities
3. What’s the quality of your watch?
4. What’s the quality of this picture?
Size
5. How big is your house?
6. What size are your shoes?
Shapes
7. What shapes is the earth?
8. What shape are the tiles?
Materials
9. What is a spanner made of?
10. What are your shoes made of?
Shapes
When you describe the shape of an object, we use expressions like these:
1. Two-dimensional shape
a. It is a square
It is square in shape
b. It is an oval
It is oval in shape
c. It is a circle
It is circular in shape
19
d. It is rectangle
It is rectangular in shape
e. It is a triangle
It is triangular in shape
2. There-dimensional shape
a. It is a cylinder
It is cylindrical
b. It is a cone
It is conical in shape
c. It is a sphere
It is spherical in shape
d. It is a cube
It is cubical in shape
20
F. Model Dialogue
1. A reporter interviews Henry, a school boy, who saw a flying saucer. The school
boy saw the thing with his own eyes.
H : I was in that field over there. I often go there at night to look at the starts.
R : what exactly did the object look like?
H : well, at first I thought it was long and thin like a cigar but then I saw it was
round and flat.
R : round and flat like a circle?
H : yes, but with a big round ball in the middle.
R : how big was the object?
H : oh.. as big as a house
R : what did you see in the flying saucer?
H : I saw two people when it landed.
R : what did they look like?
H : well, .. one of them was a woman, I think. She had short dark hair.
She was very tall, about 190 cm high.
R : and what about the other?
H : he was not very tall. His head was square.
R : a square head?
H : yes, with not big round eyes in the middle and he had short legs with four
hands!
2. An old woman in a hotel describes her missing bag to the receptionist.
H : good evening
R : good evening, madam. Can I help you?
H : yes, I’d like to report something.
R : certainly madam, what is it?
H : I lost my bag in the lobby just now.
R : I’m sorry to hear that. Would you describe your bag, please? What type is
it?
H : it’s a folding one
R : what is it made of? Leather, fabric or vinyl?
21
H : it’s made of leather
R : all right madam, how big is it?
H : it’s a big bag, about 15 by 25 cm.
R : I see… and what color is it?
H : it’s brown
R : what does your bag contain?
H : well, let me see, a purse, cosmetics, glasses and a pen
R : all right, madam. We will try to find it for you.
G. Speaking
a. Bring your family’s photo and describe them.
b. You have lost something in a hotel and you report it to the security. Describe
your missing things (type, material, size, color, contain, etc.)
H. Role Play
Make a short dialogue with your partner based on the following situations.
a. You and your friend are in Bali now. You want to go around the island, so you
go to a car rental to hire a car. You want to know everything about the car and
the cost for renting it. Make a dialogue between you and the rental owner.
b. Talk about things such as person’s height, face, weight, clothes, and color of
hair and eyes. Your partner will try to guess who you are describing.
Read this passage.
My friend is a very beautiful woman. She is slim, not too short, about
157 cm tall. She has long, wavy, black hair. She has fair skin, blue eyes, and
pointed nose. She is energetic, humorous, diligent, and patient.
22
Lesson IV
Asking Where Things Are
A. Function
1. Locating Objects :
Asking about the location of some objects :
 Do you see where my bag is?
 Did you see my pencil?
 Can you tell me where I can find sugar?
 Where is the coffee?
 Could you help me to find my jacket?
Responses
 Your bag is in the cupboard
 It is on the chair
 The sugar is in the bottle on the shelf
 The coffee is in under the bowl
 Yes, of course, your jacket is hanging over the chair on the right side.
2. Prepositions :
 Your suitcase is in front of the bed.
 Don’t put your mobile phone beside or above the electronics.
 The red book is behind the guitar.
B. Model Dialogues
1. A : Have you seen that newspaper I was reading before?
B : Yes, I put it in your bag.
A : In the ... ? Oh, no !
B : What’s wrong ?
A : I have left my bag in the taxi.
23
2. A : Huh. The weather in this room is very cold. Do you see my sweater?
B : It’s hanging over the wall behind the door.
A : Oh, thanks.
3. A : Where has that lazy boy gone?
B : He is playing ball in the park.
A : In the park ... ? Call him now.
B : Ok
4. A : Can you sing or play the guitar?
B : No, why don’t we ask Mary to do it.
A : Ok, but where is my guitar?
B : I saw it over there on the corner of your room beside the table.
A : Thank you.
C. Speaking
1. Look at the panel again and answer the
questions about the location of certain places.
a. Where is the coffee shop?
b. Can you tell me where Bojana restaurant is?
c. Where is room 224?
d. Are there any stores around here?
e. Where can I find the sauna?
f. How do I get to Krida Loka conference
room?
g. I’m looking for the business center.
2. Practice speaking the questions and the
responses.
a. Guest : Where is the coffee shop?
Security : It’s on …………….., Sir, just …………the lobby, ………...the
reception.
FLOOR 3
- Guest room 301 – 320
- Swimming Pool
- Tennis Court
FLOOR 2
- Guest Room 201 – 225
- Krida Loka Conference Room
- Business Center
FLOOR 1
- Guest Room 101 – 125
- Karya Graha Conference Room
- Bojana Restaurant
GROUNDFLOOR
- Reception
- Coffee Shop
- Travel Agent
- Money Changer
- Hotel Stores
BASEMENT
- Parking Area
- Sauna
- Fitness Center
24
b. Guest : Can you tell me where Bojana restaurant is?
Receptionist : Certainly, Sir. It’s on the ……. floor. It’s the third ……
on your ………. as you come out from the
…………………….
c. Guest : Where is room 224?
Receptionist : It’s on the second floor. Go ……………... Turn ………
out of the elevator. It’s …………………….. of the
corridor, on your ………………..
d. Guest : I need to buy something for my sister. Are there any stores in
this hotel?
Room boy : The stores are on the…………..floor. ……………the elevator.
There is a souvenir store just ……………….. of it.
e. Guest : Where can I find the sauna?
Receptionist : It’s in the ……………. Go …………….. as you come
out of the elevator. It’s ………………… the fitness
center.
f. Guest : How do I get to Krida Loka conference room?
Doorman : Just ……..the elevator to the second floor. If you …………..the
hall, you will see conference room B ……………….. you.
g. Guest : I’m looking for the business center. I need to copy some
document.
Receptionist : The business center is on the…………………….. If you
go…………. Karya Graha conference room, you will
see it just ……………..you, ………………………….
D. Role Play (1)
1. Mr. Kim is always losing things. Help him find the things in this room. Write
the number of each thing in the picture next to phrase that describes its
location.
25
 beside the refrigerator
 over the sofe
 above the sofe
 ..........................................................................
 ..........................................................................
 ..........................................................................
 ..........................................................................
 ..........................................................................
 ..........................................................................
 ..........................................................................
 ..........................................................................
 ..........................................................................
 ..........................................................................
26
2. In pairs, make up a conversation between Mr. Kim and his wife. Mr. Kim is
asking his wife about the things he has lost.
For example :
Mr. Kim : Where are my glasses?
Mrs. Kim : They are on the table next to the lamp.
3. Here are some mailboxes in an apartment building. Ask and answer questions
about the mailboxes using the pictures below.
in the to/bottom row
on the left/right
second from the left/right
above
below
next to in the middle
for example :
A : where is Mr. Domingo’s box?
B : it is the bottom row in the middle.
K. RULLY BENSON R. REAGEN DENNY M. JEGER
JACKSON FONDA DOMINGO SMITH BRIAN
Role Play (2)
You have lost some objects in your picture. Ask your friend (s) about the things that
you lost and draw them in the correct place.
27
You have lost these things
28
Lesson V
Telling the Times
A. Function
1. Asking the time
What’s the time? Can you tell me what time is it?
What’s the time, please? Could you tell me the time?
What time is it now? Do you have a watch?
What time do you have?
2. Telling the time
- 8: 00 - It’s eight o’clock
It’s eight o’clock sharp
- 9: 00 a. m - It’s nine o’clock a. m
It’s none o’clock in the morning
- 2: 00 p. m - It’s two o’clock p.m
It’s two o’clock in the afternoon
- 11: 30 - It’s half past eleven
It’s eleven thirty
- 7: 15 - It’s a quarter past seven (UK)
It’s a quarter after seven (US)
It’s seven fifteen
- 7: 45 - It’s quarter to eight (UK)
It’s quarter of eight (US)
- 6: 05 - It’s five (minutes) past six
It’s six on five
3. Days of week
The days of the week are:
Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday.
29
4. Months
The twelve months of the year are:
January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October,
November, December.
5. Date
You Write You Say (UK) You Say (US)
1st
January The first of January January first
2nd
February The second of February February second
3rd
March The third of March March of third
4th
April The Fourth of April April Fourth
5th
May The fifth of May May Fifth
21st
June The twenty first of June June twenty-first
30th
July The thirtieth of July July thirtieth
Remember : on Monday on 3rd
March in July in
2008
You can also write : on 27 July 2005 or on July 27, 2005
B. Model dialogue
1. Two students are waiting for their bus at the bus stop.
A : what time is it now?
B : it’s almost seven o’clock.
A : where is the bus? It usually comes at eight thirty. It is still early, isn’t it?
B : don’t worry. The class begins at eight thirty.
A : but there is an additional class for me at seven thirty this morning.
B : oh, that’s our bus coming. You’re lucky!
A : thanks God! Let’s go.
2. Buying tickets at travel agent’s
Agent : good morning. Can I help you sir?
Passenger : good morning. Is there any flight to Yogya tomorrow?
30
Agent : yes, sir. There are two flights, one at 10 a.m. and the other at 3
p.m.
Passenger : can I book tickets for tomorrow here?
Agent : certainly, sir!
Passenger : I’d like to have two tickets for the 3 p. m. Flight for tomorrow.
Agent : sure. Here you are.
3. A tourist is at the railway station
Tourist : excuse me.
Informatin clerk : yes mam. What can I do for you?
Tourist : what time does the train leave for Surabaya today?
Informatin clerk : for Surabaya? It leaves at four twenty five this afternoon.
Tourist : well, I’m still early then. It’s just one fifteen now.
where can I buy the ticket?
Informatin clerk : you can get it from the counter number five over there. It
opens
between two o’clock and five minutes before the train
leaves.
Tourist : well, thank you for the information.
Informatin clerk : it’s my pleasure, mam.
C. Speaking
1. Alya has just graduated from her vocational school in her town. Now she is
having an interview to get a job in an international company in Jakarta.
Alya : Good morning, sir. May I sit down?
Interviewer : Oh, yes. Please.
Alya : Thank you, sir.
Interviewer : Are you ready for the interview?
Alya : Yes, sir.
Interviewer : Good. Let’s start from your name. What’s your full name?
Alya : My full name is Prialaya Mahardika Dewi.
Interviewer : And your first name?
Alya : My first name is Alya.
31
Interviewer : Where are you from, Alya?
Alya : I am from Purwokerto, Central Java, sir.
Interviewer : Where do you live in Jakarta.
Alya : I live with my uncle in Depok, not in Jakarta.
Interviewer : I see. What’s your uncle’s address?
Alya : Jalan Kelapa Dua number forty-five Depok.
Interviewer : Where and when were you born, Alya?
Alya : I was born in Purwokerto, on the twenty-eighth of February
nineteen ninety.
Interviewer : How many siblings do you have?
Alya : I have one brother and two sisters. I am the second child in my
family.
Interviewer : What are your parents?
Alya : My father is a teacher in Purwokerto and my mother is a nurse,
also in Purwokerto.
Interviewer : Does your uncle in Depok has a telephone?
Alya : Yes. His number is 021 5466 388.
Interviewer : What’s your phone number?
Alya : My number is 081 325 114 243.
Interviewer : What are your skills?
Alya : I can make programs on a computer and I have a TOEIC
Certificate. My score is 750.
Interviewer : Very good. Do you really want to work in this company?
Alya : Yes, sir, I do.
Interviewer : OK, I have seen your application. Next week, on Monday,
September the eighth, please come here again to see the
announcement whether you are accepted or not.
Alya : Thank you, sir. Can I leave now?
Interviewer : Yes, and please ask another applicant to come in.
Alya : All right, sir. Good bye.
Interviewer : Good bye.
32
Answer these questions
1. What is Alya doing now?
2. Where does she come from?
3. When was she born?
4. Does she live with her parents or with her uncle?
5. Is she the only girl in her family?
6. What is her father?
7. What does her mother do?
8. What is her telephone number?
9. Is she very good at English?
10. When should she see the announcement?
2. Tell the times!
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10
1. What time is it now?
2. What time does your English class begin?
3. What time is it over?
4. What time do you usually come here?
5. What time do you usually go home?
6. What time do you usually get up?
7. What day is it today?
8. What day was it yesterday?
9. On what day do you have your English class?
10. What month is this month?
11. What month was last month?
12. What month is next month?
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13. What is the date today?
14. What is your birthday?
15. When do we have our independence?
D. Role Play
1. Rahardian is a grade one student in a vocational school in his town. He has not
got a lesson schedule for one semester. He has got a temporary schedule for one
week. Here is his schedule.
Time
Days and Dates
Monday
21/07/08
Tuesday
22/07/08
Wednesday
23/07/08
Thursday
24/07/08
Friday
25/07/08
Saturday
26/07/08
07.00 –
08.30
English Chassis Chemistry Sports Electricity Physics
08.30 –
10.00
Math Chassis PKn English Electricity Chemistry
10.00 –
10.15
First
Break
First
Break
First
Break
First
Break
First
Break
First
Break
10.15 –
11.45
History Indonesian Math Entrepreneur
ship
Body Machinery
11.45 –
12.30
Second
Break
Second
Break
Second
Break
Second
Break
Second
Break
Second
Break
12.30 –
14.00
Religion Javanese Physics Computer Body Machinery
2. Trying it out
Work in pairs and role play this situations. Cover each other’s information.
Student A
You are in travel office. You want to fly from Los Angles to Austin, Texas.
You want a one way coach fare and you want to fly sometime between June 7
and June 13. Talk to the travel agent and make arrangements for your flight.
34
Be sure to :
a. say where and when you want to fly.
b. find out how much a ticket is/
c. try to get a ticket on Wednesday morning. If there is no flight available
on Wednesday, find out what other flights are available.
d. make a reservation.
Student B
You work in travel office. A customer wants to make flight arrangements.
Be sure to :
a. find out where and when the person wants to fly.
b. check the computer information below about the flight :
Flights for the month of June leave four times a day, every day,
From : Los Angeles, CA
To : Austin, TA
Price : $ 254 one way (coach fare)
7:15 A.M. 9 : 30 A. M. 12:00 P. M. 13: 40 P.M.
Sunday 7 FULL
Monday 8 FULL FULL
Tuesday 9 FULL CANCELED FULL
Wednesday 10 FULL FULL FULL
Thursday 11 CANCELED CANCELED
Friday 12 FULL
Saturday 13 FULL
c. tell the customer what flights are available.
d. find out what time and day the customer wants to fly. Tell the customer
you will make a reservation.
35
3. Make up some dialogues based on the following situations :
a. Your mom asks you to accompany her to go shopping, but you have to do
something and you promise her to go shopping someday (discuss the time on
which your mom and you agree with)
b. Asks your friend about his/her planning today (mention the exact time for
each activity)
c. Your brother asks you and your friends to go watching movie next Sunday,
but you have other plans, meanwhile your friend will go somewhere
(discuss the day and the time that all of you agree with)
36
Lesson VI
Accepting and Declining Invitation
What we must do if we want people to come to our party? Of course, we have to extend
invitations to them before the time of the party. In this unit, we will learn how to make a
simple invitation.
A.Function
The people below are inviting someone to do something. Match each invitation with
a good response!
Invitation :
 How about going dancing this weekend?
 I was wondering if you might like to come over for dinner on Friday.
 Do you want to get a drink?
 Would you like to go out to dinner on Sunday?
 We’re having a party on Sunday, we’d love to have you join us.
 Why don’t we go to a disco tonight?
Accepting :
a. I’d love to.
b. Great idea, let’s go.
c. Ok, sounds good.
d. Oh, thank you, that’d be nice.
e. Thank you. I’d like that.
f. Oh, thank you. How nice of you to ask me.
Refusing :
a. Sorry, but I’ve got other plans.
b. Sorry, I can’t tonight. Thanks anyway.
c. Gee. I really can’t dance.
d. I wish I could, but I’m really kind of busy right now.
e. I’m terribly sorry, but I’ve made other plans. Thank anyway.
f. Thanks, but I have a terrible headache.
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B.Model Dialogue
Two room-mates are talking as one is leaving the apartment.
A : I’ll see you later, OK?
B : Where’re you off to?
A : Marty and Phil are going shopping ... to Northgate Mall.
Oh, you want to come with us?
B : Yeah ... No, maybe not. I’d better finish working on this report for Econ class.
Two friends are talking at a party.
F1 : this has been a pretty nice party, hasn’t it?
F2 : Yeah, it has been. Listen, a group of us are going out for a few more drinks
afterwards.
Would you be interested in going too?
F1 : Yeah, That sounds good. Where are you going?
Two office workers meet at the coffee machine during break time.
OW1 : Hi, Martha.
OW2 : Yeah?
OW1 : A group us are going to go to the music in the park series this lunch.
OW2 : That’s a good idea I’ve been waiting to go there.
1. A : I’d like to invite you to come to my engagement party on Sunday.
B : I’d love to come. Thanks.
2. A : Would you mind coming to my house this evening.
B : I’d like to, but I’ve already planned to visit my parents.
3. A : Would you like to go?
B : Thanks, I’d love to. What time is it?
4. A : Let’s just meet at the hall before the concert, around 7:30.
B : That sounds fine.
5. A : Can you and Susan come?
B : We’d love to but I’m afraid we can’t. We’re going out with friends for dinner.
38
At the office.
Staff : I’d like to invite you to come to my engagement party on Sunday.
Supervisor : I’d love to come. Thanks. What time is the party?
Staff : In the afternoon at 4, and please come with your spouse.
Supervisor : Okay. I’ll be there.
Mrs. Kuncoro comes to Mrs. Purwanto’s house.
Mrs. Kuncoro : Would you mind coming to my house this evening?
Mrs. Purwanto : I’d like to, but I’ve already planned to visit my parents. Thanks
anyway.
Mrs. Kuncoro : Actually, I’ll have a dinner party. We’ll celebrate our wedding
anniversary.
Mrs. Purwanto : Oh, congratulations to you. Hopefully your wedding will last
forever.
Mrs. Kuncoro : Thank you very much.
On the way home.
David : I have two tickets to Exist band concert on Saturday night.Would you
like to go?
Alex : Thanks, I’d love to. What time is it?
David : It’s at 8:00.
Alex : That sounds great. So, do you want to have dinner at 6:30?
David : Uh, I’d like to, but I have to finish my homework first.
Alex : Oh, that’s OK. Let’s just meet at the hall before the concert, around
7:30.
David : That sounds fine.
At school.
Jacky : There is a computer exhibition in Java Mall. It is from Thursday to
Sunday. Would you like to come with me?
Dodi : I’d love to. When will we go?
Jacky : I’ll pick you up at 4:00 p.m. Is it OK?
Dodi : That’s fine.
39
C.Speaking
Practice with your partner by completing the dialogues with expressions of inviting,
accepting and refusing an invitation.
In a doctor office.
Ahmed : We would _____________ to our charity concert.
Dr. Christ : I’d really _______ come. _________the concert?
Ahmed : It’s in our school hall on Sunday morning. _________ invite your
colleagues to come with you?
Dr. Christ : Oh, I’ll try. I’m proud of you, Boy. You really do a good deed.
Ahmed : __________, Sir.
In an office.
Anto : I have two tickets for a football game on Saturday afternoon.
___________ go with me?
Dedi : I’m sorry _______. I promised to help Diky fix his motorbike.
Anto : Oh, it’s _______. I’ll ask another friend.
At school canteen
Hendra : I’m having a party on Saturday, Bob. Can you and Susan ______?
Bobby : We’d ______ but I’m afraid _______. We’re going out with friends for
dinner.
Hendra : Oh, that’s okay.
Bobby : _______ for the invitation.
On the way home.
Susi : There’s a rock concert at the city hall tonight. It is at 7:30 p.m.
Would______________?
Sinta : _________. But I have to go to the hospital with my mother. We have
to see my neighbour.
40
D.What would you do if you were in the following situations?
1. You are shopping and carrying a lot of packages. You drop one, and another
person pick it up for you.
2. A friend invites you to a party. You accept the invitation.
3. You work in an office, and you are very busy. You have to proof read a long
report before quitting time. An office mate offers to help you. You gladly accept
the offer.
41
Lesson VII
Asking and Giving Direction
A. Function
Expressions
Turn left/ right
Go straight a head
Keep walking
Take the second turning
Keep going
Three junction
Intersection
Traffic lights
Round about
Fork
No entry
One way
Narrow path
Dead end
Cross the road
Go under the bridge
Keep walking for two blocks
Just before/after the building
Pass the building
On your right/left
On the corner between ...
etc
Expressions used for finding places in the buildings
1. Asking for Directions
a. Where is the ………………………?
b. Can you tell me where …………is?
42
c. How do I get to …………………...?
d. I’m looking for ……………………
e. Where can I find ………………….?
f. Could you tell me how I can get to ……………………………., please?
2. Giving Directions
a. Go straight ahead.
b. Turn left/right at the ………../as you come out of the elevator.
c. Go across the …………………..
d. Go up stairs/down stairs
e. Go up/down in the elevator/lift
f. Go up/down on the escalator
g. Take the elevator/lift to the ……..
h. It’s on the …………… floor.
i. It’s in the basement.
j. It’s next to/beside …………………
k. It’s between ……….. and ………..
l. It’s at the end of the corridor.
m. It’s on your right/left.
Expressions used for finding places outdoor.
1. Asking for Directions
a. Could you tell me where ………… is?
b. Could you direct me to …………?
c. Can you tell me how to get to………?
d. Would you tell me the way to …………?
e. Would you tell me how to get to …………?
f. Would you let me know where ………… is?
g. How far is …………?
h. Could you tell me if I’m right to …………?
i. Is this the right way to …………?
j. Where is the nearest …………?
k. Which way is it to …………...?
43
2. Giving Directions
a. Go straight ahead
b. Go straight down this road
c. Go straight over
d. Follow this road/street as far as the ………
e. Take the first left/right
f. Go around the corner to your left
g. Turn left/ right
h. Cross the street/road
i. Take the left/right turn
Notice how these sentences are used to give direction!
1. At a junction
Turn Left Turn Right
44
2. At an intersection / cross roads
Go ahead
Go straight on
Go straight over
3. At a roundabout
Take the third exit
Take the second exit
B. Model Dialogues
1. Mr. Hermawan is out of his town. He doesn’t know how to get to BCA bank,
so he stops a man in the street.
Mr. Hermawan : Excuse me, can you tell me where the nearest BCA bank
is?
Man : BCA bank? I’m sorry. I don’t know. I’m not from
around here myself.
45
Then he meets a policeman and asks him the direction.
Mr. Hermawan : Excuse me, where’s the nearest BCA bank, please?
Policeman : Go straight down this street. Turn left at the T-junction,
BCA bank is just around the corner, on your left.
Mr Hermawan : How far is it from here?
Policeman : It will take about 5 minutes if you go there on foot.
Mr. Hermawan : Thank you very much. I’m sure I’ll find it easily, if I
walk there.
Policeman : Sure, but there’s one thing you have to know.
Mr. Hermawan : What’s that?
Policeman : Today is Saturday. The bank is closed.
Mr. Hermawan : But not the ATM service, don’t you think? I just need to
withdraw some cash. Thanks anyway.
C. Traffic Signs
What do these signs mean?
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10
Study the signs above and make a short dialogue based on the model of an example
below. Then, practice it with your partner.
Use the cues below.
46
1. smoke here 6. drive so fast
2. park here 7. go straight ahead
3. turn around 8. take photograph
4. enter the road 9. touch anything
5. blow the horn. 10. go to left
D. Speaking
1. Work in pairs. Make questions and responses about the location of certain
places on the plan in activity 26. Start from the main gate. Number one is as a
model.
a. Student A : Where can I find the book store?
Student B : Go straight ahead to the end of the corridor. You’ll see it facing
you.
b. Student A : ___________________________
Student B : ___________________________
c. Student A : ___________________________
Student B : ___________________________
d. Student B : __________________________
Student A : __________________________
47
e. Student B : __________________________
Student A : __________________________
f. Student B : __________________________
Student A : __________________________
2. Work with your partner. Look at the map. Imagine you standing at the point
marked with a cross ( X ). Name where these directions take you to.
A city map
Note:
1 . Ibis Hotel 6. Selera Restaurant
2. Mandiri Bank 7 . Supit Money Changer
3. Galaxi Mall 8. Gazali Tour and Travel
4. Toyota Service Station 9. Perkasa Sport Stadium
5. Sumber Waras Hospital 10. Bina Sehat Chemist’s
Shop
a. Go down this street. Turn right at the first junction. Go straight on and it’s on
your right, just before the intersection.
b. Keep straight on until you get to the roundabout. Take the first exit, and it’s
on your right. You can’t miss it.
48
c. Go along this road. Take the second turning on the right. Keep straight on
until you get to the end of the road, then turn left. Go straight down and it’s
on your left.
d. Go straight ahead, pass the first T-junction, and it’s on your right.
e. Go along this street. Take the first turning on the right, go straight ahead and
turn left at the crossroads. Go down as far as the roundabout and take the
second exit. Go straight ahead and it’s on your right.
3. In pairs, interview each other about the direction to the five places left on the
map above. You are still standing at the place marked with a cross(X). Look at
the example.
Student A : Would you tell me the way to Ibis Hotel,please?
Student B : Go down this street. Turn right at the first junction. Go straight
on and it’s on
your right, just before the intersection.
a. Student A : __________________________?
Student B : __________________________
b. Student A : __________________________?
Student B : __________________________
c. Student A : __________________________?
Student B : __________________________
d. Student A : __________________________?
Student B : __________________________
e. Student A : __________________________?
Student B : __________________________
49
Lesson VIII
Expressing Preferences/Likes/Dislikes
A. Function
1. Asking about likes/preferences/dislikes
 Do you like ice cream?
 What do you like to do in your free time?
 Do you like listening to classical music?
 How do you like your new car?
 Which do you like better, French or Italian bread?
 Would you prefer tea or coffee?
 Which would you prefer, going out or staying home?
 Which would you rather eat, Chinese or Indonesia food?
 Would you rather to be shirt?
 Don’t you like that shirt?
 Why don’t you like about Mr. Janson?
 Do you dislike that painting?
 What do you dislike about this book?
2. Expressing likes/preferences/dislikes
 I like you very much
 I’d prefer having margarine to butter
 I’d rather go shopping this afternoon
 I don’t like the way he looked at my wife
 I dislike having to repeat every thing I say
 I can’t stand the sound of his voice
 He makes me sick
50
B. Explanatory Notes
Preferences
- Would you prefer … to infinitive … (or infinitive)?
- Would you rather … infinitive… (or infinitive)?
- Would you like to … infinitive … (or infinitive)?
- Do you prefer …Gerund/Noun or Gerund/Noun…?
- What would you rather do: … Infinitive or Infinitive…?
- Do you like … Noun or Gerund … better/ more than … Noun or Gerund?
Responses
- I’d prefer … to infinitive ….
- I prefer … Noun or Gerund …
- I’d rather … Infinitive … (than Infinitive).
- I like … Noun or Gerund … better than … Noun or Gerund ….
- I like both.
- I don’t like either of them.
- Neither. I prefer … to infinitive
Which doy ou prefer,
vegetable salad or
fruit salad? I prefer
vegetable salad.
..............................
Which doy ou prefer,
playing games or
sending and receiving
messages with y our cell
phone?
..............................
Which doy ou
prefer,
reading a comic or
watching a cartoon?
Which doy ou prefer,
rice or noodle for
breakfast?
..............................
Which doy ou prefer,
browsing information
or chatting in the
Internet?
..............................
PREFERENCES
51
C. Answer these questions!
1. How do you like Jakarta?
2. What do you think of Yogyakarta?
3. Which do you prefer, living in Jakarta or Yogyakarta?
4. I like both, but I prefer staying in a quieter place like Klaten.
5. I prefer cycling to riding a motorbike.
6. I would rather watch TV than listen to music.
7. I like playing games on the computer better than playing cards.
8. Would you prefer vegetable salad or fruit salad?
9. I prefer vegetable salad to fruit salad.
10. I’d rather have lemon tea without ice at this time of the day.
D. Model Dialogues
1. A husband comes in and shows his wife, his new haircut.
H : how do you like my new haircut?
W : george ! what happened to your hair? It’s so short.
H : don’t you like it?
W : well, it’s different to say the least.
2. A selesman is talking with a middle aged man and his wife
S : I think you’ll love this little car
H : well, it’s a nice – looking car. Do you like it, Milly?
W : yes... I do ... but I’d prefer an automatic to a stick to tell you the truth ...
S : of course, you can have it with an automatic if that’s what you’d rather
I have
W : I’d like to have my husband test drive it first.
S : sure. Sir, would you like to test drive it?
W : yes, I would. Come on, Milly, Let’s go far a ride.
3. Two factory workers are talking during break time.
FW1 : Jan, don’t you like Mr. Edmonds? You’re always fighting with him ...
FW2 : Quite honestly, I detest the man?
FW1 : what do you have against him?
52
FW2 : I really hate the way he gives orders. He makes you feel so small. I also
dislike his temper ...
FW1 : I know what you mean. He isn’t very sensitive, is he?
E. Speaking
Practice speaking the dialogueues with your partner!
1. Reporter : How do you like Jakarta?
Man : …………………. It’s a ……………………. Modern city.
Reporter : What do you think of Yogyakarta?
Man : Nice. A traditional town, but still it’s a busy tourists’
……………………..
Reporter : Which do you prefer, Jakarta or Yogyakarta?
Man : I like both, but I prefer staying in a ………………. place like Klaten.
Reporter : Why is that so?
Man : I need a place to ………………….. my new novel.
2. Hasan : How do you go to school?
Basri : I ride my ……………………... What about you?
Hasan : I prefer ………………… to riding a motorbike. It’s
………………... …………………….., My house is only two
kilometres away from school
3. Teacher : What is your hobby, Lusi?
Lusi : My hobby is ………………………….., Sir.
Teacher : How about you?
Zahra : I …………………….. watch TV than listen to music.
Teacher : Do you have any hobbies, San?
Hasan : I don’t ………………… have any hobbies, Sir.
Teacher : Well, what do you do in your …………………….? Playing cards?
Hasan : I like playing ……………… on the computer better than playing
cards.
4. Waiter : What would you like ………………., Madam?
Woman : I’d like to have a …………………, please.
Waiter : Would you prefer …………………. salad or fruit salad?
Woman : I prefer vegetable salad to fruit salad, please.
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Waiter : Certainly. What would you like to drink? …………………. perhaps?
Woman : I’d rather have a lemon tea …………….at this time of the day.
Complete these dialogues using the expressions you have learned and practice
speaking them out.
1. Jehan : Do you want to go to the KD concert tonight?
Lus : Not really. I’d rather………….than ……………..
2. Hasan : Would you like to go out with me?
Shifa : Thanks, but I’d prefer ……………………
Hasan : That’s alright, perhaps another day.
3. Father : What would you rather do today, ………………… or ……………….?
Son : Neither. I prefer …………………………
4. Hasan : Do you like ……………better than ……………….?
Shifa : No. I like …………… better than …………. because ………………...
5. Shifa : Would you prefer ………………….. or …………………………
Jehan : I prefer ……………………….. because it’s more fun.
Complete this form. Circle your preference in the left column. Add others if
you wish. Then write out your ‘favorites’ in the right column.
My preference My favourites
 The kind of film I like best:
Comedies, horror films, love
stories, adventure films, science
fiction films, others.
 The kind of music I like best: Pop,
rock, rock & roll, rap, R&B, jazz,
others.
 The past time I prefer: reading
comics, watching cartoons, playing
�My favourite film is ……………..
�My favourite film star is …………
�My favourite song is …………….
�My favourite singer is ……………
�My favourite band is ……………..
�My favourite cartoon character is
………………………
�My favourite comic is ……………
�My favourite game is …………….
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games, browsing internet, others.
 The sport that I prefer: volleyball,
basketball, football, street soccer,
others.
�My favourite athlete is ……………
�My favourite football team is
……………………….
F. Role Play
1. Work in pairs, take turn to ask and answer your partner about her/his
preference. Use the questions below as the guide. Continue making
questions yourself.
Student A : What kind of films do you prefer?
Student B : ………………………………….
Student A : And what is your favorite film?
Student B : …………………………………
Student A : I see. And can you tell me who your favorite film star is?
Student B : …………………………………
Student A : All right. Now we’ll talk about music. What kind of musik do you like
best?
Student B : …………………………………
Student A : And who is your favorite singer?
Student B : …………………………………
Student A : Good. Then, what past times do you prefer?
Student B : ………………………………..
Student A : By the way, what sport games do you like to watch?
Student B : ………………………………………
2. Make up the conversations based on the following situations!
a. You are at a party talking with a sport car enthusiast. You ask him/her about
his/her likes and dislikes.
b. You are shopping for a shirt in a fashionable shop. The sales person has
taken out ten or fifteen shirts. He wants to know which you prefer.
c. A couple are in a restaurant. The waiter brings the dessert cart and asks
about preferences.
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Lesson IX
Expressing Agreement and Disagreement
A. Function
Complete Agreement
More Formal I agree completely
That’s just what I think, of course.
In my opinion, you are correct
I couldn’t agree more
You’re right.
Less Formal Sure
Tentative Agreement
I suppose you’re right.
Well, maybe...
Direct Agreement
More Formal I’m sorry, but I have to disagree
I couldn’t disagree more
I refure to believe that ...
No, what’s wrong
You’re dead wrong
Nope
No, way!
Less Formal Uh, uh !
Indirect disagreement
I’m not sure I can agree
I wonder if there’s mistake
In my opinion, ....
Are you absolutely sure?
That really surprises me.
I may be wrong but ....
But I thought ....
Really?
Oh, I don’t know
Yes, but ...
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Asking for Agreement
That’s a nice looking boot, huh?
He’s lousy player, isn’t he?
That’s fascinating painting, don’t you think?
We’d better fisnish this today, don’t you agree?
He’s not to be trusted, isn’t that so?
Don’t you agree that this plan is too risky?
Are you in agreement with us?
Do you agree to help us if we need help?
Would you go along with a 2% membership fees increase?
Agreeing
I agree
I know what you mean
I think so, too
That’s for sure
Right on
Certainly
O. K with me
Fine with me
I agree to do so
I’ll go along with that
It’s deal.
Disagreeing/Refusing
I don’t agree
I disagree
I don’t think so
I’m not sure
I find I can’t agree with you
I can’t agree to that
I can’t go along with you on that
I refuse
No way
No deal
B. Model Dialogues
1. A group of business men are discussing a decision.
BM 1 : well, gentlemen. I think this is the best choice we have...
BM 2 : I agree. It seems a good choice.
BM 1 : well, I’m not so sure about it. There are a few things I think we’ve
overlooked
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2. A club president is asking for the members’ ageeement to a plan.
CP : well, everyone, do we all agree that the charity bazaar is our highest
priority project this month?
M1 : I think so
M2 : I agree
CP : and do all of us agree to contribute one night a week to work on it?
M3 : I agree too
M2 : fine with me
CP : How about you, Fred?
M4 : I’m sorry, but I can’t go along with you on that. I’m working.
3. A lawyer and his client are talking about his divorce
L : O. K. Jim. It seems as if your wife is going to ask for half of everything:
half the property, half the investments, etc. Do you agree to do that?
C : O. K. I agree
L : and she wants custody of the children.
C : I’m not sure I agee. What visiting priviledges do I get?
L : she said any time any week-end
C : well, I guess I’ll go along with that
L : and Lastly, she wants the dogs
C : what? No way! I refuse. That’s where I draw the line
L : she says that the dogs belongs to the kids.
C. Speaking
Directions:
For each situation that follows, read the cues given, then discuss the relationship
among the speakers and the level of formality. Using this information, complete the
dialogues orally with appropriate responses.
Example :
A : ......... so then my cousin moved to Milwaukee
B : oh, that’s in Minnesota, isn’t it?
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A : no, it’s in Wisconsin
B : oh, sorry
Situation 1
A :
B : I wonder if you heard that wrong. Did he really say that?
A :
B :
A : well, all I know is what he said to me.
Situation 2
A : did you know that ?
B : are you sure ?
A :
B : well, maybe I’m wrong, but
Situation 3
A : well, in my opinion,
B : why do you say that?
A :
B : That’s an interesting thought, but
Situationo 4
A : why did you think of (the movie) ?
B :
A : oh, I don’t know
B :
A :
Directions:
After looking at each situation carefully, discuss with your partner the relationship
among the speakers and the appropriate level of formality. Then pratice, using any
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words or expressions appropriate to express the functions given. You will perform
the dialogue for the class.
D. 1. Role Play
A and B are both graduate students in the class. A is sitting in the cafetaria one
day and sees B carrying a tray ....
A
1. Greets B
2. Asks B how the test went
yesterday
3. Tells B his or her test score,
asks how B studies
4. Asks for more details
5. Disagree with B’s method,
gives own method
6. Gives opinion
7. Gives tentative agreement,
gives preclosing
8. Says good bye
1. Greets A
2. Answer question, asks A the
same question
3. Describes his or her study
corner
4. Gives more information
5. Disagree with A’s method, asks
what is the most important
think for studying
6. Expresses doubt, gives own
opinion
7. Replies to preclosing
8. Says good bye
2. How might the following situations be handled
a. You are talking with some friends about friendship. You want to see if other
people agree with your views.
b. You and one of your fellow office workers are talking about working
conditions. You disagree with some thinks he/she says.
c. A teen age boy wants to use the family car. He is asking his father for
permission. His father puts some conditions on using the car. The boy
agrees to some, disagrees to others.
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Lesson X
Talking about Personal History
A. Biography
PRESIDENT SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO
General TNI (ret) Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, popularly known as SBY, was
born in Pacitan, East Java, on September 9, 1949. He graduated from the military
Academy in 1973-top of his class. He received his fourth star in 2000.
During his 27-years of distinguished military service, President Yudhoyono
took an extensive range of training, education and courses, both in Indonesia and
overseas. President Yudhoyono also held numerous important posts and positions
as troop and territorial commander, staff officer, trainer and lecturer. He served both
in the field and at headquarters, as well as missions overseas. He was the
Commander of the United Nations Military Observers and commander of the
Indonesian Military Contingent in Bosnia-Herzegovina from1995-1996.
For his outstanding service, President Yudhoyono was awarded with 24
medals and awards including the UNPKF Medal, the BintangDharma, the
BintangMahaPuteraAdipurna and the Bintang Republik Indonesia Adipurna, the highest
national medal for excellent service beyond the call of duty.
In the first-ever direct presidential election in Indonesia in 2004,
SusiloBambangYudhoyono, running on a platform for: more just, more peaceful,
more prosperous, and more democratic Indonesia”, was elected as the 6thPresident
of
the Republic of Indonesia, gaining a landslide 60% of the popular vote over the
incumbent president Megawati Soekarno Putri.
Prior to being elected, President Yudhoyono held Various important
government positions, including Minister of Mining and Energy and Coordinating
Minister for Political, Social, and Security Affairs in the National Unity Cabinet
under President Abdurrahman Wahid. He again served as Coordinating Minister for
Political, Social ad security Affairs in the GotongRoyong Cabinetunder President
Megawati SoekarnoPutri. It was inhiscapacity as Coordinating Minister that he
became internationally recognized for leading Indonesia’s counter-terrorism efforts.
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President Yudhoyono is also known for his activities in various civil society
organizations. He served as CO-Chairman of the Governing Board of the Partnership
for the Governance Reform, a joint Indonesia-international Organization focused on
the improvement of governance in Indonesia. He also served as Chairman of the
Advisor Board of the Brighten institute, an institution devoted to studying the theory
and practice of national development policy.
Adapted from:http://www,presidenri.go.id/index.php/eng/profile
B. Model Dialogues
The reporter is interviewing the well-known scientist, Lily Tarkis
R : so, Lily. We have heard about your work. Tell us about what you do on the
weekends – when you get up, what you have for breakfast, what you do for
fun, things like that.
L : well, I get up very early, around 5 o’clock, because ....
R : 5 o’clock? It is too early on weekends. What do you usually do after that?
L : I sometimes go for a long swim in my pool or I go for a fun. Exercise is very
important for me.
R : OK... and what time do you have breakfast?
L : well, then. I have breakfast at 7:30 and after that I get down to work.
R : oh, you work on the weekends, too?
L : oh, yes. I always work on the weekends.
R : so, when do you have free time to relax?
L : relax?
R : you know, take the day off and have a good time, enjoy yourself?
L : Oh, I always enjoy myself at work.
R : well, ok.. thank you, Lily Tarkis. It has been very interesting hearing about
your weekends.
C. Speaking
1. Create your own educational background and share to your friend in front of the
class!
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Criteria score:
a. Give clear information about your educational background in Kindegarten
up to now.
b. Cover information informal and formal education based on real life.
2. Find out and give clear information of someone’s biography, and tell to your
friends by your own words.
D. Role Play
1. Work in pairs:
Student A : as a well known lawyer, a husband/a wife, a father/a mother of 3
children.
Student B : as a reporter from local newspaper.
a. Ask the lawyer about his/her development of his/her carier.
b. Ask the lawyer of his/her educational background..
2. Work in pairs:
Student A : as an employer
Student B : as a candidate employee
Interview B about his/her personal matters (education, skill, experience,
language, plans for future, etc)
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Lesson XI
Offering and Requesting
A. Function
1. Offering:
- Please take my seat.
- Would you like something to drink?
- Would you care something to drink?
- Would you like to use my pen?
- Shall I bring you some coffee?
- Do you want me to help you?
- Here, have a seat
- Here, take some sugar
- I’ll do that, if you want me
- How about another piece of pie
2. Accepting offers
- Thank you. That’s very kind of you
- Oh that’d be great
- Yes, please. Thanks a lot
- Would you mind?
- If it’s no trouble for you
3. Declining/refusing
- No, thank you
- That’s not necessary
- That’s o.k. but thanks anyway
4. Request :
a. Polite request with: would, could, will, can.
Would you wait for a moment? Yes, of course
Could you answer the phone, please? Yes certainly
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Will you bring me a cup of coffee, please? Of course
Can you turn the volume up, please? Sure
Can you help me yes, what would you like
me to do?
b. Polite request with: would you mind
Would you mind giving this invitation to her? No, not at all
Would you mind closing the door please? No, of course not
Would you mind holding this for me? No, that
would be line
B. Model dialogue
1. John and Martha are riding motorbike to school.
Martha : John, don’t drive too fast.
John : I’m sorry but we must get to school on time. Otherwise we’ll get
a punishment.
Martha : Yes, I know, but it’s dangerous. The traffic is too heavy.
John : Don’t worry! Just hold the side handles tightly and you will be
safe.
Martha : OK, … Watch out! Oh my god! You almost hit another
motorbike.
John : Calm down. You’re making me nervous.
2. At the front door of an office.
Toni : Would you mind helping me for a minute, please?
Abadi : Of course, what do you want me to do?
Toni : Could you hold this package while I look for the key to the
door?
Abadi : I’d be glad to. What’s in this package? It’s extremely heavy.
Toni : It’s just office stationeries for our activities.
Abadi : Well, hurry up and open the door. I told you this thing was very
heavy.
Toni : I can’t find the key. You must have it.
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Abadi : You’re right, but how can I get the key while I’m holding this
big package?
3. An elderly woman gets on a bus and a young man offers his seat.
Young man : Excuse me, Madam. Here please take my seat.
Elderly woman : Thank you, young man.
4. A young man and woman are in restaurant, ordering some meals and drinks.
Waitress : here is the menu, Sir, Madam. Please call us when you
are ready.
Man & woman : thank you.
Man : waitress!
Waitress : yes, sir. What would you like to order?
Man : yes, I’ll have some chicken satay and lontong please.
Waitress : fine, how about you, Madam. What would you like?
Woman : all right. Would you care for something to drink?
Man : I’d like iced tea.
Woman : let me see. What’s your specialty here?
Waitress : well our customers usually have some iced cendol here.
Waitress : certainly, sir. Will be there anything else?
Man & woman : No, I don’t think so.
Waitress : shall I bring you the tea and cendol while you’re waiting
for the satay.
Man & woman : yes, please.
5. The following is a conversation between a secretary and her director.
Secretary : (knock on the door)
Good morning, Sir. May I come in?
Director : (writing a note) sure
Would you wait for a moment?
Secretary : Yes, Sir.
Director : (finished writing a note)
Yes. What is it?
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Secretary : I have already sent the letter to Mr. J. Stephen.
Director : oh, That’s good.
Secretary : another thing, Sir. Are you going to attend the
conference on Human Resorce Development in Japan?
Director : yes, of course. For three days, isn’t it?
Secretary : yes, for three days.
Director : could you arrange my trip and accomodation?
Secretary : certainly, Sir.
6. A husband and wife are having a conversation at home.
Husband : honey, are you having a busy day?
Wife : yes, I’m going shopping this morning.
Husband : will you do me a favor?
Wife : sure. What is it?
Husband : when you go to Blok M, will you buy me some razor blades?
Wife : of course. By the way, when you are leaving for the office?
Husband : in ten minutes.
Wife : when you pass Cathy’s house, would you mind giving this
packet to her?
Husband : No, not at all
C. Speaking
1. You have a guest for the weekend. You want to be a good host.
How woud you offer him if the following happens?
a. He looks thirsty.
b. He has left his suitcase at the station.
c. The room is hot because the windows closed .
d. He can’t find his pen when he wants to write.
e. He hasn’t seen much of your town.
f. He is hot and tired after his journey.
g. He seems eager to hear the news from the radio.
h. He doesn’t know how to operate the record player.
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i. He is leaving and it is a long way to the station.
2. Make up dialogues containing offers. Practice and act them out in class.
Use the following situations:
a. Someone is carrying two heavy suitcase. You want to help and you are
standing next to him.
b. Your friend is driving a car with you. He has been driving for two hours and
he is tired. You are also able to drive.
c. You are at your classmate’s house. He is talking on one of his phone. The
other phone is ringing.
d. The nighbour’s car won’t start. It needs a push and you are around.
e. A friend is visiting your hometown. He needs a hotel room.
3. Steven hasn’t returned the scissors which he borrowed from Mrs. Jones. Mrs.
Jones needs them now.
Mrs. Jones :
Steven Jones : Yes, of course.
Mrs. Jones :
Steven Jones :
4. Barbara asks Mary’s permission to copy her note.
Barbara :
Marry :
Barbara :
Marry :
5. Harry asks Hendra to join him to go to the movie tonight.
Harry :
Hendra : Not at all. It’s all right with me.
Harry :
Hendra :
6. These statements describe different situations. Make your request for each one
of them .
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Example :
Situation : the students are making a lot of noise.
You say : would you mind turning your voice down a bit?
Or could you keep your voice down, please.
Or would you keep quiet, please!
Situations:
a. Your friend is singing in a very loud voice.
b. The taxi driver is exceeding the speed limit.
c. You need to make an urgent phone call, but somebody has been using the
phone for a long time.
d. Your roommate is going to turn of the light. You are still reading a
magazine.
e. You are a secretary in an office. Somebody wants to see your boss but you
don’t know the person’s name.
f. You want to buy something but you don’t have any money. You want to
borrow money from a friend.
g. You are in a restaurant after having some meal but you are not full yet. So
you ask the waiter for some more cereal.
h. A friend is photocopying something and he runs out of paper. So he asks for
some paper from you.
i. An employeeof an office is asking for a salary raise to his boss.
j. You are borrowing a dictionary from a friend for a week.
D. Role Play
1. Your friend wants to visit your city for 3 days. She asks you to pick her up at
the airport. You don’t mind and offer her to take a tour city. (make some plans
for 3 days)
2. Your friend will go abroad for a week, but he leaves so many things to do at
home. You offer him some helps to do such things. (discuss what things you
should do)
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3. You and your friend make an appointment to have lunch at a restaurant. (ask the
waiter about today’s menu, offer the menu and order some food and drinks
according to the menu)
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Lesson XII
Meeting an Old Friend (Leave Taking)
A. Leave taking
Leave taking usually used if we part with someone we know. It's divided into:
1. Formal leaving: is used for formal situation
Example:
- Good bye
- Good night (time to go to bed)
2. Informal leaving
In relax situation. If we part with our friends, classmates or close friends.
In short time:
If we take part with someone, and we can meet each other in sort time, for
example at same day or not more than a week, we can say:
If we take part with someone who will go in long distance and we can't meet in
short time, we would say:
- Good bye ... and all the best
- Good bye ... and good luck
Notes :
1. Mr., Mrs., and Miss.
In formal situation, we have to use Mr. (Mrs. or Miss.) + family’s name.
Example : John Smith
We can call Mr. Smith, don’t call Mr. John.
2. How do you do?
How do you do = it is not a question, but it just greet when we meet, changing
good morning, good afternoon, or good evening. That’s why, we can answer by
good morning, hello, etc.
How do you do is also used when we are introducing (introduced) first time and
we can answer same: how do you do.
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3. If we speak with somebody whom has high occupation in society, we have to
use sir (for a man) and madam (for a woman).
B. Model Dialogue
1. Greetings
A : Good morning!
B : Good Morning!
A : How are you?
B : I’m fine, thank you.
J : Good evening, professor.
P : Good evening, John. How are you?
J : I’m very well, thank you. And how are you?
P : Quite well, thanks.
H : Hello, John.
J : Hello, Helen.
H : How are you?
J : Fine, thank you. And you?
H : Fine, thank you?
S : Good afternoon, Mr. Jones.
J : Good afternoon, Miss. Smith. How are you?
S : Very well, thank you. How are you?
J : Fine, Thanks.
M : Hi, Jim!
J : Hi, Mary!
M : How are You?
J : Quite well, thanks. And you?
M : Just fine, thanks.
J : How do you do, Bill?
B : Hello, Jim.
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J : Nice day, isn’t it?
B : Yes, it is
A : Good morning! How are you?
B : I’m fine, thank you. How are you?
A : Just fine, thank you.
B : Beautiful day, isn’t it?
A : Yes, isn’t it?
X : Good morning, George. How are you?
G : Good morning, sir. I feel fine, thank you. How are you?
X : Fine, Do you think it’ll rain?
G : I shouldn’t think so, no.
A : Good evening! How are you?
B : I’m very well, thank you. How are you?
A : I’m fine thank you.
B : Cool this evening, isn’t it?
A : Yes, quite chilly in fact.
A : Hello!
B : Oh, hello! How are you this morning?
A : Fine, Thanks. And you?
B : Fine. Look like rain, doesn’t it?
A : it certainly does.
J : Good morning, Mary. How are you today?
M : Good morning, Mrs. Jones. I’m quite well, thank you. How are you?
J : I’m fine. Hot today, isn’t it?
M : Yes, isn’t it?
B : Good evening, Mr. Smith. How are you?
S : oh, hello Bill. I’m fine, thanks. And how are you?
B : Fine, thank you.
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S : how do you like the weather?
B : (it) suite me fine.
S : Good afternoon, Mr. Taylor.
T : Good afternoon, Mrs. Smith. How are you?
S : Quite well, thank you. And how are you?
T : I’m fine. How do you like the hot weather?
S : I don’t! I’m going for a swim.
M : Hi, George! How are you?
G : I’m fine, Mary. How are you?
M : Just fine. Isn’t it cold tonight?
G : Do you think so? It seems warm enough to me?
A : Hi, John! How are you?
J : Fine, and you?
A : just fine. Hot today, isn’t it?
J : Yes, awfully hot.
P : Hello, John. How are you this evening?
J : Good evening, professor. I’m very well, thank you. How are you?
P : Quite well, thanks. Lovely evening, isn’t it?
J : Yes, it is.
Mr. Iskandar : Good morning, Talita.
Talita : Good morning, Mr.Iskandar.
Mr. Iskandar : How are you?
Talita : Very well, thank you. And how are you, sir?
Mr. Iskandar : Fine, thank you. Did you have a good night’s rest last
night?
Talita : Yes, sir. Thank you.
Talita : Hi, Renata.
Renata : Hello, Lita. How’s everything?
Talita : Just fine, thanks, and how about you?
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Renata : Good, thanks. How was your weekend, Lita?
Talita : It was great. I went to Yogya. What about you?
Renata : Not too bad. I just stayed at home, we had a family gathering.
2. Leave taking
a. Boys : Bye, dad.
Father : Bye-bye, sons. Take care.
b. Talita : Good bye, Mrs. Iskandar.
Mrs. Iskandar : Good bye, Ms. Yuwono. It’s been nice talking to you.
c. Talita : I have to go now. See you later.
Renata : Bye. See you.
d. Mr. Iskandar : Good bye, Talita. See you tomorrow.
Talita : Yes. Good bye, Mr. Iskandar.
e. Nick : Hello, Lusi. Nice to see you again.
Lusi : Nice to see you too, Nick.
Nick : How are you doing?
Lusi : Pretty well, thanks.
Nick : How is Hendra?
Lusi : He’s fine, thank you.
f. Lusi : Good morning, sir.
Teacher : Good morning, Lusi. How are you?
Lusi : I’m very well, thank you.
Teacher : What are you doing here in the hospital?
Lusi : I am going to visit my neighbor. She has just delivered a baby.
Teacher : I see. Are you alone?
Lusi : No, I’m with my Mom. There she comes. I’m sorry, I have to go
now. Good bye, sir.
Teacher : Good bye, Lusi. See you at school tomorrow.
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g. Mr. Iskandar : Good afternoon, Mr. Hermawan. How are you?
Mr. Hermawan : Very well. Thank you. How are you?
Mr. Iskandar : I’m fine, too. How is your family?
Mr. Hermawan : They are fine. Thank you. How’s business?
Mr. Iskandar : It’s going up this year. Thanks.
Mr. Hermawan : Glad to hear that. Oh, there comes Mr. Bawono. Sorry, I
have to see him before the meeting. I’ll talk to you later.
Mr. Hermawan : Sure. See you.
C. Speaking
With your partner, complete the dialogues below with the expressions you have
learned and practice speaking them out.
1. Situation : You meet a friend of yours, Baskara, in the street.
You : Hi, Baska. ……………………..
Baskara : …………………………………
You : …………………………………
Baskara : …………………………………
2. You meet your English teacher, Mr. Firdaus, in a book store. It’s 4 pm.
You : …………………………., Mr. Firdaus.
Mr. Firdaus : …………………., ……………………?
You : …………………………………………
Mr. Firdaus : Are you going to buy some books?
You : …………………………………………
Mr. Firdaus : ………………………………………….
You : …………………………………………
3. Mr. Iskandar : Good morning, Baskara. How are you?
Baskara : ……………………, ……………………..?
Mr. Iskandar : ……………………….. How is your family?
Baskara : ……………………….., thank you.
Mr. Iskandar : I’m sorry, but I really have to go now.
It’s been nice talking to you
76
Baskara : ……………………… See you some time.
Mr. Iskandar : ………………………………
4. Renata : Hi, Lita.
Talita : ……………………, ……………….?
Renata : ……………………. And you?
Talita : ……………………. How’s work?
Renata : ……………………… Would you like to
have a cup of tea?
Talita : I’d love to but …………………….. I have a lot work to do. I’ll
call you this afternoon.
Renata : ……………………. Take care.
Talita : Thanks. You too.
D. Role Play
Compose a dialogue based on the situation below. Then, act it out before the
class.
You are at the bus stop, waiting for a bus to take you home from school. You meet
an old friend of yours, Rima. You say hello to her and ask her about her school. In
the middle of the conversation you see the bus coming. You say good bye to Rima
and wish that you will see her again soon.
77
Lesson XIII
Telling Past Experiences
In the free time, the top eight leisure-time activities are reading, watching tv, spending
time with family, fishing, gardening, playing sports, going to the movies, spending
times with friends.
A. Expressions
1. Where did you go this weekend?
2. Who did you meet at the party?
3. What time did you and Eva get home?
4. How did you and Bob like the art exhibition?
5. What did you buy?
6. Where did Jeff and Joyce spend their vacation?
7. What did you do yesterday?
B. Model dialogues
Rick : so, what did you do last weekend, Meg?
Meg : oh, I had a great time. I went to a karaoke bar and sang with some
friends on Sunday.
Rick : that sounds like fun. Did you go to Lucky’s?
Meg : no, we didn’t. We went to that new place downtown. How about you?
Did you go to anywhere?
Rick : no, I didn’t go anywhere all weekend. I just stayed home and studied
for today’s Spanish Test.
Meg : Our Spanish test is today? I forgot all about that!
Rick : Don’t worry. You always get an A.
Celia : Hi, don. How was your vacation?
Don : it was excellent! I went to Hawaii with my cousin. We had a great a
time.
78
Celia : lucky you. How long were you there?
Don : about a week.
Celia : fantastic! Was the weather OK?
Don : not really. It was couldy most of the time. But we went surfing every
day. The waves were amazing.
Celia : so, what was the best thing about the trip?
Don : well, something incredible happened. You won’t believe it.
C. Speaking
1. Work in pairs and complete these questions in this conversation.
A : how did you spend your weekend?
B : I spent the weekend with Joe and Kathy.
A : what ?
B : well, on Saturday,
A : and, in the evening ?
B : no, nothing special.
A : where on Sunday?
B :
A : how ?
B : we had a great time. In fact,
A : really? What time ?
B : we got home very late,
2. Work in pairs. Answer these questions with negative statements.
A : we had a great time at Carrie’s party. Did you and Jane enjoy it?
B :
C : I stayed home from work all day yesterday. Did you take the day off,
too?
B :
79
D : I worked all weekend on my research paper. Did you spend the
weekend at home, too?
B :
E : I studied all weekend. Did you and John have a lot of homework, too?
B :
F : Carl drove me to work yesterday morning. Did you drive to work?
B :
G : Kathy went to the baseball game last night. Did you and Bob go to the
game?
B :
D. Role Play
1. Take turns. One student makes a statement about the weekend. Other students
ask questions. Each student answers at least four question.
2. Share to your friend about your memorable moments in front of the class, and
answer the questions which are given by your friends.
80
Bibliography
Alexander, L. G., 1975. Practice and Progress. Longman.
Alexander, L.G translated by Dra. Sri W. Soegondho. 1992. Ready for English
Grammar Jilid 1. Jakarta: Erlangga
Azar, Betty S. 1989. Understanding and Using English Grammar. Prentice Hall.
_________. 1992. Fundamentals of English Grammar. Prentice hall.
Davies, Evelyn., Whitney, Norman. 1981. Reasons forReading. Heinemann Educational
Books.
DeFillipo, Judy and Skidmore, Charles. 1991. Skill Sharpeners 1, 2, 3. Addison Wesley
Publishing Company.
Echols, John M., and Shadily, Hasan. 1997. Kamus Inggris Indonesia. Jakarta:
Gramedia.
__________. 1998. Kamus Inggris – Indonesia. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
English 900, Macmillan, London.
Frank, Marcella. 1972. Modern English: a practical reference guide. Englewood Cliffs,
Newjersey: Prentice Hall Inc.
Hornby, A.S. 1999. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary.Oxford.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memorandum
http://esl.about.com/
http://www.eslgames.com/edutainment/games.html
http://www.lombokkomodo.com/lombok-flightschedule.htm
http://www.richardcmoeur.com/trafficsigns.htm
http://www.savvy-business-correspondence.com/BusinessMemos.html
http://www.signcenterinc.com/
http://www.umw.edu/policies/style guide/letter styles
STBA Pertiwi
Jl. Beringin Raya 16, Perum
Karawaci
2015
JADWAL PERKULIAHAN STBA PERTIWI KAMPUS TANGERANG
SEMESTER II TERM 1 TA. 2015-2016
KELAS KARYAWAN
TERM 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
12,03 18,03 19,03 02,04 09,04 10,04 16,04 23,04 24,04 30,04 01,05 14,05 15,05 21,05
1 08,00 - 09,30 Pancasila MFJ * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
2 09,30 - 11,00 Grammar 2 RAM * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
3 11,00 - 12,30 Vocabulary 2 DHW * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
4 13,30 - 15,00 Comp. App. PAN * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
5 15,00 - 16,30 Composition 2 MIF * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
6 16,30 - 18,00 Reading 2 AHM * * * * * * * * * * * * * FINAL
kelas tambahan dapat disesuaikan sesuai kesepakatan antara dosen dan mahasiswa
JADWAL PERKULIAHAN STBA PERTIWI KAMPUS TANGERANG
SEMESTER IV TERM 1 TA. 2015-2016
KELAS KARYAWAN `
TERM 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
12,03 18,03 19,03 02,04 09,04 10,04 16,04 23,04 24,04 30,04 01,05 14,05 15,05 21,05
1 08,00 - 09,30 Morphology SEP * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
2 09,30 - 11,00 Grammar 4 DHW * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
3 11,00 - 12,30 Composition 4 RAM * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
4 13,30 - 15,00 CCU MAR * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
5 15,00 - 16,30 Reading 4 AHM * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
6 16,30 - 18,00 TOEIC Prep. MIF * * * * * * * * * * * * * FINAL
kelas tambahan dapat disesuaikan sesuai kesepakatan antara dosen dan mahasiswa
ISTIRAHAT
ISTIRAHAT
No Waktu Mata Kuliah DS ROOM
Pertemuan ke/ Tanggal
No Waktu Mata Kuliah DS ROOM
Pertemuan ke/ Tanggal
JADWAL PERKULIAHAN STBA PERTIWI KAMPUS TANGERANG
SEMESTER VI TERM 1 TA. 2015-2016
KELAS KARYAWAN `
TERM 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
12,03 18,03 19,03 02,04 09,04 10,04 16,04 23,04 24,04 30,04 01,05 14,05 15,05 21,05
1 08,00 - 09,30 Micro Teaching RAM * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
2 09,30 - 11,00 Sociolingusitics SEP * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
3 11,00 - 12,30 Public Speaking PAN * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
4 13,30 - 15,00 Literary Criticism ANJ * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
5 15,00 - 16,30 Literary Criticism ANJ * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
6 16,30 - 18,00 Lang Teach Meth MAR * * * * * * * * * * * * * FINAL
kelas tambahan dapat disesuaikan sesuai kesepakatan antara dosen dan mahasiswa
TANGERANG, 7 MARET 2016
MAR = Muhammad Ariyudha Rio, S.Pd. ANJ = Akhmad Nurjanna, M. Pd.
SEP = Sundaru Eko Putro, S.S. PAN = Priska Aprilianty N.F., S. Pd.
RAM = Rifki Amin, M. Pd. MFJ = Mas Fierna Janvierna, S. Pd.
AHM = Ahmad Muftihadi, S. Ag. DHW = Dedi Herawadi, S.Pd., MM.
MIF = Mohammad Iqbal F., M.Hum
ISTIRAHAT
M. Ariyudha Rio S., S.Pd.
No Waktu Mata Kuliah DS ROOM
Pertemuan ke/ Tanggal
JADWAL PERKULIAHAN STBA PERTIWI KAMPUS TANGERANG
SEMESTER II TERM 2 TA. 2015-2016
KELAS KARYAWAN
TERM 2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
11,06 18,06 19,06 25,06 23,07 24,07 30,07 31,07 06,08 07,08 13,08 14,08 20,08 27,08
1 08,00 - 09,30 Hislet* SEP * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
2 09,30 - 11,00 Conversation PAN/RAM * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
3 11,00 - 12,30 Phonology MIF * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
4 13,30 - 15,00 Indonesian Culture DHW * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
5 15,00 - 16,30 Bahasa Indonesia DHW * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
6 16,30 - 18,00 * * * * * * * * * * * * * FINAL
* Hislet = History of English Literature
kelas tambahan dapat disesuaikan sesuai kesepakatan antara dosen dan mahasiswa
JADWAL PERKULIAHAN STBA PERTIWI KAMPUS TANGERANG
SEMESTER IV TERM 2 TA. 2015-2016
KELAS KARYAWAN `
TERM 2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
11,06 18,06 19,06 25,06 23,07 24,07 30,07 31,07 06,08 07,08 13,08 14,08 20,08 27,08
1 08,00 - 09,30 Listening 3 RAM09,00 - 10,00
09,00 - 10,00
09,00 - 10,00
09,00 - 10,00 * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
2 09,30 - 11,00 Translation 2 MIF10,00 - 11,00
10,00 - 11,00
10,00 - 11,00
10,00 - 11,00 * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
3 11,00 - 12,30 Drama PAN11,00 - 12,00
11,00 - 12,00
11,00 - 12,00
11,00 - 12,00 * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
4 13,30 - 15,00 Business English 1 ANJ12,30 - 13,30
12,30 - 13,30
12,30 - 13,30
12,30 - 13,30 * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
5 15,00 - 16,30 Conversation 4 MAR13,30 - 14,30
13,30 - 14,30
13,30 - 14,30
13,30 - 14,30 * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
6 16,30 - 18,00 * * * * * * * * * * * * * FINAL
ISTIRAHAT
ISTIRAHAT
No Waktu Mata Kuliah DS ROOM
Pertemuan ke/ Tanggal
No Waktu Mata Kuliah DS ROOM
Pertemuan ke/ Tanggal
JADWAL PERKULIAHAN STBA PERTIWI KAMPUS TANGERANG
SEMESTER VI TERM 2 TA. 2015-2016
KELAS KARYAWAN `
TERM 2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
11,06 18,06 19,06 25,06 23,07 24,07 30,07 31,07 06,08 07,08 13,08 14,08 20,08 27,08
1 08,00 - 09,30 Semantics MIF * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
2 09,30 - 11,00 American Cult. Std. SEP * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
3 11,00 - 12,30 Interpreting RAM * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
4 13,30 - 15,00 Reading 6 MAR * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
5 15,00 - 16,30 Hist. of Modrn. Phil. ANJ * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL
6 16,30 - 18,00 * * * * * * * * * * * * * FINAL
kelas tambahan dapat disesuaikan sesuai kesepakatan antara dosen dan mahasiswa
TANGERANG, 1 MEI 2016
MAR = Muhammad Ariyudha Rio, S.Pd. ANJ = Akhmad Nurjanna, M. Pd.
SEP = Sundaru Eko Putro, S.S. PAN = Priska Aprilianty N.F., S. Pd.
RAM = Rifki Amin, M. Pd. MIF = Mohammad Iqbal F., M.Hum
DHW = Dedi Herawadi, S.Pd., MM.
ISTIRAHAT
M. Ariyudha Rio S., S.Pd.
No Waktu Mata Kuliah DS ROOM
Pertemuan ke/ Tanggal
Conversation 1

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Conversation 1

  • 1. Practice Your Speaking Conversation I Rifki Amin M. Ariyudha Rio Rifki Amin
  • 2. i Conversation I M. Ariyudha Rio Rifki Amin Sekolah Tinggi Bahasa Asing Pertiwi
  • 3. ii Language is systematically process human has. Language is a system of communication consisting of sounds, words and grammar, or the system of communication used by the people of a particular country or profession. It can be inferred that communication may be happened if the people produce a sound, word and grammar, or system which exists in the country to interact each others. Conversation I, the book you are reading, is one of the textbooks containing course materials arranged by Mr. M. Ariyudha Rio and Mr. Rifki Amin –two lecturers who teach English at Sekolah Tinggi Bahasa Asing (STBA) Pertiwi Tangerang. The arrangements of these course materials have been done as one of the attempts to fulfill the needs of the textbook containing course materials which go along with the syllabus of the related course. Tangerang, December 2015 The writer PREFACE
  • 4. iii Preface ii Contents iii Chart of Tenses vi Lesson I : Introducing Self and Other 1 Lesson II : Asking for and Giving Permission 10 Lesson III : Describing People and Things 13 Lesson IV` : Asking Where Things Are 22 Lesson V : Telling the Times 28 Lesson VI : Accepting and Declining Invitation 36 Lesson VII : Asking and Giving Direction 41 Lesson VIII : Expressing Preferences/Likes/Dislikes 48 Lesson IX : Expressing Agreement and Disagreement 55 Lesson X : Talking about Personal History 60 Lesson XI : Offering and Requesting 63 Lesson XII : Meeting an Old Friend (Leave Taking) 70 Lesson XIII : Telling Past Experiences 77 Bibliography 80 CONTENTS
  • 5. 1 Lesson I Introducing Self and Other A. Introducing Self 1. Name - What is your name? + My name is Larry - May I have your name? + I am Larry - My I know your name 2. Introducing yourself - Hello, my name is Robby. - Hi, I am Marry. Marry Smith. - May I introduce myself? My name is Peter Brown - Can I introduce myself? - I'd like to introduce myself. I am Martin - Let me introduce myself. - I want to introduce myself. 3. Responses - Hi, I’m Ellen. Nice to meet you. - Very glad to see you - I’m pleased to meet you - I’m Connie. I’m glad to see you - I’m pleased to meet you - It’s very nice to see you 4. Offering question, by saying: - Any question for me? 5. Closing To end up the self introduction, we can say: - That is my introduction - I think that's all
  • 6. 2 - Thanks for your attention - Thank you B. Introducing others 1. Introducing one to another - Dewi, this is Icha, my next door neighbors. - Indra, this is Mr. Adi from Indonesia. - Mrs. Michele, I would like you to meet my sister Rina. - Rina, this is Mrs. Martin, my English teacher. - Mr. Harun, allow me to introduce Rusli, He is my roomate. 2. Greetings - Hi, Larry - Hey, Alice - Good morning, Mr. Dhani - Good afternoon - Good evening - Assalamualaikum - How’s life - How are you doing - How is it going - How are things with you C. Greetings When we meet someone we know, we usually greet him/her whatever formal or informal. Informal greeting is used when we meet someone we already know each other, like classmates, close friend, or friend. The informal greeting expression, are: 1. Hi 2. Hello The formal greetings are usually used when we meet someone whom we respect. To express the formal greeting we can use, like these: 1. Good morning: since get up in the morning until have lunch (00.00-12.am)
  • 7. 3 2. Good noon: at exactly at 12.00 a.m. 3. Good afternoon: after having lunch until tea time (13.00 - 17.00) 4. Good evening: after tea time until go to bed (18.00 - 24.00) After we greet someone, we usually ask someone by the following expression: 1. Asking condition To ask some ones condition, we used: - How are you? - How is everything? - How is life? - How are things? - How is getting on? The responses of those are. If you are in good condition say: - Fine, thanks. - Very well, thank you - Not too bad, thanks. - So – so - Pretty well, thanks. and you? how about you? and how’re you doing? If you are not well, say: - I am not very well, thanks. - Not too well, I'm afraid. 2. Asking activity To ask someone’s activity. We use: - Where are you going? - What are you doing?
  • 8. 4 D. Explanatory Notes Introducing oneself - Hi, I’m Baskara. - Hello, my name’s Baskara. - Good evening. My name is Baskara. - May I introduce myself? I’m Baskara. - Let me introduce myself. My name is Baskara. - How do you do? My name is Baskara. Responses - Hi, I’m Renata. Glad to meet you. - Hello. My name’s Renata. Pleased to meet you. - Good evening. I’m Renata. How do you do? - How do you do? My name is Renata. Nice to meet you Introducing others - Do you know Baskara? - Have you met Baskara? - This is a friend of mine, Renata. - Baska this is Rena, my friend. - May I introduce our new member, Mr. Rafael Romero? - Please allow me to introduce our new District Manager. - Let me introduce you to Mr. Iskandar our Marketing Manager. Mr. Iskandar, this is Mr. Hermawan from Borneo Plantation Company. Responses - No, I don’t think so. - No, I haven’t. - Hi, glad to meet you. I’m Renata. - Hello, Renata. Pleased to meet you.
  • 9. 5 - I’m glad to know you. - It’s nice to meet you. - How do you do? - How do you do? It’s very nice to meet you. E. Model Dialogue 1. While waiting for her English class, Sari is sitting at her desk. Susi is approaching her to introduce herself. Sari : hello, Susi : hi, please sit down. Sari : thank you, my name is Sari. I’m a new student in this class. Susi : I’m Susi. I’m also a new student here. Sari : well, we’re both new then. I’m glad. Susi : so am I. we can practice our English together. Sari : sure, why not? 2. In a boarding lounge, Rini Introduces herself to Mrs. Fira. Both of them are going to Yogya. Rini : excuse me, madam. May I sit here? Mrs. Fira : certainly. Rini : my name’s Rini. I’m travelling alone. Mrs. Fira : well, I’m going to Yogya, too. I’ve been there for several times. So, don’t worry. I can tell you a lot about the city. Rini : oh, thank you. 3. Adam introduces his friend Adi to his guest Mr. Johnson. Adam : Mr. Johnson, I would like you to meet my friend Adi Adi, this is Mr. Johnson. He’s from Canada. Adi : how do you do, Mr. Johnson? Mr. Johnson : how do you do, Adi? I’m very glad to see you Adi : I’m very glad to see you, too. Mr. Johnson. Mr. Johnson : are you and Adam from the same school? Adi : yes, we are
  • 10. 6 Adam : Adi is even my next door neighbor. Mr. Johnson : oh, really. 4. A man begins to talk with a woman at a party. M : hi, my name is Joshua Green. I saw you standing here alone and I thought I might join you a moment. W : hello, Mr. Green. It’s nice to meet you. My name is Lori Stevens. Please call me Lori. M : O.K. Lori. Please call me Josh. Are you a friend of Dick and Tracy’s? W : yes, I am. I’ve known them for some ten years now. And you? M : I was their teacher. F. Speaking a. Practice the following exercises orally. Write your sentences in the blanks provided. 1) Ana : Hi, my Ana I’m a Sari : Hi, I’m . I’m Nice to Ana : Nice too 2) Sinta : May I ? My Sinta. Heri : My Heri. I’m glad to meet you. Sinta : I’m too Heri : Do you want to see the lecturer? Sinta : Yes, I have an appointment with him. 3) Melly : Mom, I’d my friend Nina Indah. Nina my mother. Nina : How , Mrs. Hari? Mrs. Hari: Miss Nina. Nina : Just call me Nina.
  • 11. 7 Mrs. Hari: All right, Nina. Make yourself at home. Nina : Thank you, Mrs. Hari. 4) Dedy : Indah, let me my friend, Sari. Sari : Pleased Miss. Mary. Mary : I too, Sari. Just call me Mary. Sari : Sure, Mary b. Practice orally, then write the sentences in the blanks. 1) You meet a school friend, Taufik Kemas. His father with him. You : hello, Taufik Taufik : hello, how’s everything? You : Taufik : You haven’t met my father, have you? You : Mr. Johan : It is nice to meet you. 2) At a party Guest : I’m sorry. I don’t think we’ve met. You : oh, ? Guest : Hello, I’m Tata You : 3) Asking someone’s name A : excuse me. Are you ? B : and what’s your name? A : 4) At the same party A : excuse me. What’s your name? B : A : oh. I’m Rudy. B :
  • 12. 8 5) Introducing your friend A : I’d like to meet my friend, George. This is B : C : nice to meet you, too. G. Role Play 1. Role A Another student looks very familiar, and you’ve seen him or her before. Try to figure out where, using this information about your own activities: You take English course at the university language center. You work at the Starbuck’s Coffee Shop part time. You study at the university library. Role B A student who looks familiar thinks you look familiar, too. Try to figure out where you’ve seen each other. Ask questions about his or her activities, using this information about your own. You go fishing a lot. You’re taking a French class at the France Education Center. You’re librarian at the university library. Start like this :  You look so familiar. Have I seen you somewhere before? End like this :  Then that’s where we’ve seen each other. 2. Role A You go into a cafe in Kemang, South Jakarta, and sit down at a table next to someone who is reading Jakarta map. Strike up a conversation and tell him or her about yourself. Find out : 1. The person is from. 2. If this is his or her first trip to Jakarta. 3. What kind of work he or she does.
  • 13. 9 Start like this :  I see you’re reading or seeing Jakarta map ... etc. Role B You’re sitting a cafe in Austin, Texas, and the person at the table next to you start a conversation. Here is some information you can use : 1. You live in Milan, Italy, but you are born in Paris. 2. This is your third trip to Indonesia, but it’s your first trip to Jakarta. 3. You’re here on business. 4. You own a small Publishing company in Milan. Find out if the person next to you has ever been to Italy. 3. Make up dialogues based on the following situations. a. Tuti and Dini are visiting their boss Mrs. Sunaryo. While they are talking, Mr. Sunaryo joins them. Tuti and Dini have not met him before. Mrs. Sunaryo introduces her husband to them. b. Two strangers Adi and Tono meet at a party. They introduces themselves to each other. They have nice talk because they have the same interest, football. c. During the break in a seminar, Ani and Sita meet Mrs. Sudarmo, one of the speakers Mrs. Sudarmo knows Ani, but she does not know Sita. Ani introduces Sita to her.
  • 14. 10 Lesson II Asking for and Giving Permission A. Function 1. Asking for Permission I wonder if I could … Do you mind if I … Is it all right if I … May I … Could I …. Can I … 2. Giving Permission By all means Not at all Go ahead Certainly Sure 3. Refusing Permission Well, actually I’d rather you didn’t I’d rather you didn’t I’m sorry, but …. I’m afraid you can’t. … Sorry, but … Be aware of responding the question “Do you mind if …?”. If we want to grant/give permission, the response includes “No / Not “, such as: “No, help yourself”, “Certainly not”. B. Speaking 1. Pasha : Can I speak to you after class? Erna : Sorry, ______________________.
  • 15. 11 2. Agus : _________________________? Anis : Sorry, but you have to do the homework yourself. 3. Man : Do you mind ___________? Woman : No, go ahead. 4. Rian : I wonder if I ____________________? Maria : By all means 5. Guest : Do you mind if I ask another glass of tea? Host : ______________ yourself. Could I copy your homework but I have to join English extracurricular could use your telephone if I sit here I wonder if I could Certainly not. Help Direction : Make sentences with “Can I”, “Can we” , “May I”, or “May we” and then you give or refuse permission by saying: “Yes, you can” or “No, I’m afraid you can’t.” Rafi wants to sleep early. Rafi : Can I sleep early? You : No, I’m afraid you can’t. 1. Bambang wants to use your pen. Bambang : __________________________? You : __________________________. 2. Ani and Rita want to borrow your motorbike. Ani : ___________________________? You : ___________________________.
  • 16. 12 3. Dodi wants to go home now. Dodi : __________________________? You : __________________________. 4. Edi and Hendra want to smoke at school. Edi and Hendra : _______________________? You : ______________________. 5. Ali wants to use your computer. Ali : __________________________? You : __________________________. Rafi wants to sleep early. C. Role Play Work in pairs. Use the cues below to ask and refuse permission. Refuse with different reason each time. Cues Reasons Smoke This is a non-smoking section. There is a “No Smoking” sign. I feel sick when people smoke. Borrow your motorbike There’s just little petrol in it. It’s being fixed. There’s something wrong with the brake. Ask you to go out It’s drizzle now. You are broke. Call you at night There are too much homework to do. I have to study. It’s time to sleep. It will disturb other people at home.
  • 17. 13 Lesson III Describing People and Things In our life, we often need to know how to describe colors, sizes, shapes, etc. We also need to ask and answer about someone’s profession, origin, and nationality. Besides, we will always deal with numbers to get information about times, days, dates, months, years, etc. And in this Unit, you will study about all of those things. A. Physical Appearance 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
  • 18. 14 Face shape : thin, long, angular, round, baby-face (d) Nose : flat, pointed Cheeks : high chick bones, chubby Eyes : small, large, narrow, round, blue, etc : twinkled, shine. Complexion : dark, fair, smooth, rough, swarthy, weather-beaten. Hair : blonde, (light/dark) brown, red, ginger, auburn, black, grey, wavy, curly, fizzy, straight, long, short, bald, balding (becoming bald). Height : tall, short, small, of medium/average height. Build : slim/slender (women only), thin, of medium/average build well build, stout, stocky, fat, athletic in build, a lovely/good/well- proportioned figure. Age : young, middle-aged, elderly, old, in hi/her (early/mid-/late), teens/twenties/thirties. Nature : determined, serious, stern, strict, tolerant, happy-go-lucky, carefree, happy, jolly, cheerful, kind, patient, gentle, mean, cruel, understanding, impatient, suspicious. Clothes : untidy, sloppy, neat, smart, (untidily/sloppily/well-neatly/ smartly), dressed jeans, trousers, shorts, blouse, shirt, jumper, sweater, cardigan, skirt, dress, (sport) coat, jacket, suit. Shoes : high-heeled shoes, flat shoes, sandals, plimsolls, boots, slippers. B. Adjectives Showing Physical Appearance 1. Looks : handsome, ugly, beautiful, pretty, cute, fat, thin, skinny, slim, charming, attractive 2. Height : tall, short 3. Weight : heavy, light 4. Age : young, old 5. Hair type : long, short, curly, straight, wavy 6. Hair color : black, grey, white, blond
  • 19. 15 Questions: 1. How tall is each person? 2. What is he/she like in build? 3. How old do you think he/she is? 4. What is his/her hair like? 5. What kind of a face has he/she? 6. What can you gather about his/her nature? 7. How is he/she dressed C. Origin, Nationalities and Professions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Questions: 1. a. Where are you from? b. Where do you come from? 2. a. What nationality are you? b. What is your nationality? 3. a. Where’s he from? b. Where does he come from? 4. a. What nationality is he? b. What is his nationality? 5. a. Where are they from? b. Where do they come from? 6. a. What nationality are they? b. What is their nationality?
  • 20. 16 7. a. They’re from Iraq. b. They come from Iraq. c. They’re Iraqi. 8. a. I am a teacher. b. She’s a secretary. c. They’re farmers. 9. a. What’s your job? b. What’s your profession? c. What’s your occupation? d. What are you? e. What do you do? 10. a. He’s from Vietnam. b. He comes from Vietnam. c. He’s Vietnamese. 11. a. What’s her job? b. What’s her profession? c. What’s her occupation? d. What is she? e. What does she do? 12. a. What are their jobs? b. What are their professions? c. What are their occupations? d. What are they? e. What do they do? 13. a. I’m from Indonesia. b. I come from Indonesia. c. I’m Indonesian. D. Describing thing(s) Some expressions 1. What exactly does the object look like? It is long and thin like a cigar Black and old stone Soft and oily blood 2. How big is the object? Oh.. It is big as a house a big free an elephant 3. Would you describe your book please? bag glasses 4. What type is it? It’s an attaché one a folding a hand bag
  • 21. 17 5. What is it made of? It’s made of leather wood metal 6. How big is it? What’s the size? It’s about 20 by 20 cm 7. What color is it? It’s dark blue light grey green 8. What’s your bag contain? It contains some cosmetics, jewelry, books, etc. E. Describing colors, qualities, sizes, shapes, and materials Colors can make our life bright and interesting. Imagine how boring our life would be if there were no colors. We cannot enjoy the beauty of flowers, rainbow, butterflies, etc. Wherever we are, we will find colors: at home, at school, in the park, in the garden, etc. We will also find colors from the time we get up in the morning until the time we go to bed at night. So, colors are very meaningful in our life. Here are the Colors: Black Pink Brown Red Yellow White Blue Orange COLOURS Green Grey
  • 22. 18 Some expressions Color 1. The circle is red. It is a red circle. 2. The square is blue. It is a blue square. Qualities 3. What’s the quality of your watch? 4. What’s the quality of this picture? Size 5. How big is your house? 6. What size are your shoes? Shapes 7. What shapes is the earth? 8. What shape are the tiles? Materials 9. What is a spanner made of? 10. What are your shoes made of? Shapes When you describe the shape of an object, we use expressions like these: 1. Two-dimensional shape a. It is a square It is square in shape b. It is an oval It is oval in shape c. It is a circle It is circular in shape
  • 23. 19 d. It is rectangle It is rectangular in shape e. It is a triangle It is triangular in shape 2. There-dimensional shape a. It is a cylinder It is cylindrical b. It is a cone It is conical in shape c. It is a sphere It is spherical in shape d. It is a cube It is cubical in shape
  • 24. 20 F. Model Dialogue 1. A reporter interviews Henry, a school boy, who saw a flying saucer. The school boy saw the thing with his own eyes. H : I was in that field over there. I often go there at night to look at the starts. R : what exactly did the object look like? H : well, at first I thought it was long and thin like a cigar but then I saw it was round and flat. R : round and flat like a circle? H : yes, but with a big round ball in the middle. R : how big was the object? H : oh.. as big as a house R : what did you see in the flying saucer? H : I saw two people when it landed. R : what did they look like? H : well, .. one of them was a woman, I think. She had short dark hair. She was very tall, about 190 cm high. R : and what about the other? H : he was not very tall. His head was square. R : a square head? H : yes, with not big round eyes in the middle and he had short legs with four hands! 2. An old woman in a hotel describes her missing bag to the receptionist. H : good evening R : good evening, madam. Can I help you? H : yes, I’d like to report something. R : certainly madam, what is it? H : I lost my bag in the lobby just now. R : I’m sorry to hear that. Would you describe your bag, please? What type is it? H : it’s a folding one R : what is it made of? Leather, fabric or vinyl?
  • 25. 21 H : it’s made of leather R : all right madam, how big is it? H : it’s a big bag, about 15 by 25 cm. R : I see… and what color is it? H : it’s brown R : what does your bag contain? H : well, let me see, a purse, cosmetics, glasses and a pen R : all right, madam. We will try to find it for you. G. Speaking a. Bring your family’s photo and describe them. b. You have lost something in a hotel and you report it to the security. Describe your missing things (type, material, size, color, contain, etc.) H. Role Play Make a short dialogue with your partner based on the following situations. a. You and your friend are in Bali now. You want to go around the island, so you go to a car rental to hire a car. You want to know everything about the car and the cost for renting it. Make a dialogue between you and the rental owner. b. Talk about things such as person’s height, face, weight, clothes, and color of hair and eyes. Your partner will try to guess who you are describing. Read this passage. My friend is a very beautiful woman. She is slim, not too short, about 157 cm tall. She has long, wavy, black hair. She has fair skin, blue eyes, and pointed nose. She is energetic, humorous, diligent, and patient.
  • 26. 22 Lesson IV Asking Where Things Are A. Function 1. Locating Objects : Asking about the location of some objects :  Do you see where my bag is?  Did you see my pencil?  Can you tell me where I can find sugar?  Where is the coffee?  Could you help me to find my jacket? Responses  Your bag is in the cupboard  It is on the chair  The sugar is in the bottle on the shelf  The coffee is in under the bowl  Yes, of course, your jacket is hanging over the chair on the right side. 2. Prepositions :  Your suitcase is in front of the bed.  Don’t put your mobile phone beside or above the electronics.  The red book is behind the guitar. B. Model Dialogues 1. A : Have you seen that newspaper I was reading before? B : Yes, I put it in your bag. A : In the ... ? Oh, no ! B : What’s wrong ? A : I have left my bag in the taxi.
  • 27. 23 2. A : Huh. The weather in this room is very cold. Do you see my sweater? B : It’s hanging over the wall behind the door. A : Oh, thanks. 3. A : Where has that lazy boy gone? B : He is playing ball in the park. A : In the park ... ? Call him now. B : Ok 4. A : Can you sing or play the guitar? B : No, why don’t we ask Mary to do it. A : Ok, but where is my guitar? B : I saw it over there on the corner of your room beside the table. A : Thank you. C. Speaking 1. Look at the panel again and answer the questions about the location of certain places. a. Where is the coffee shop? b. Can you tell me where Bojana restaurant is? c. Where is room 224? d. Are there any stores around here? e. Where can I find the sauna? f. How do I get to Krida Loka conference room? g. I’m looking for the business center. 2. Practice speaking the questions and the responses. a. Guest : Where is the coffee shop? Security : It’s on …………….., Sir, just …………the lobby, ………...the reception. FLOOR 3 - Guest room 301 – 320 - Swimming Pool - Tennis Court FLOOR 2 - Guest Room 201 – 225 - Krida Loka Conference Room - Business Center FLOOR 1 - Guest Room 101 – 125 - Karya Graha Conference Room - Bojana Restaurant GROUNDFLOOR - Reception - Coffee Shop - Travel Agent - Money Changer - Hotel Stores BASEMENT - Parking Area - Sauna - Fitness Center
  • 28. 24 b. Guest : Can you tell me where Bojana restaurant is? Receptionist : Certainly, Sir. It’s on the ……. floor. It’s the third …… on your ………. as you come out from the ……………………. c. Guest : Where is room 224? Receptionist : It’s on the second floor. Go ……………... Turn ……… out of the elevator. It’s …………………….. of the corridor, on your ……………….. d. Guest : I need to buy something for my sister. Are there any stores in this hotel? Room boy : The stores are on the…………..floor. ……………the elevator. There is a souvenir store just ……………….. of it. e. Guest : Where can I find the sauna? Receptionist : It’s in the ……………. Go …………….. as you come out of the elevator. It’s ………………… the fitness center. f. Guest : How do I get to Krida Loka conference room? Doorman : Just ……..the elevator to the second floor. If you …………..the hall, you will see conference room B ……………….. you. g. Guest : I’m looking for the business center. I need to copy some document. Receptionist : The business center is on the…………………….. If you go…………. Karya Graha conference room, you will see it just ……………..you, …………………………. D. Role Play (1) 1. Mr. Kim is always losing things. Help him find the things in this room. Write the number of each thing in the picture next to phrase that describes its location.
  • 29. 25  beside the refrigerator  over the sofe  above the sofe  ..........................................................................  ..........................................................................  ..........................................................................  ..........................................................................  ..........................................................................  ..........................................................................  ..........................................................................  ..........................................................................  ..........................................................................  ..........................................................................
  • 30. 26 2. In pairs, make up a conversation between Mr. Kim and his wife. Mr. Kim is asking his wife about the things he has lost. For example : Mr. Kim : Where are my glasses? Mrs. Kim : They are on the table next to the lamp. 3. Here are some mailboxes in an apartment building. Ask and answer questions about the mailboxes using the pictures below. in the to/bottom row on the left/right second from the left/right above below next to in the middle for example : A : where is Mr. Domingo’s box? B : it is the bottom row in the middle. K. RULLY BENSON R. REAGEN DENNY M. JEGER JACKSON FONDA DOMINGO SMITH BRIAN Role Play (2) You have lost some objects in your picture. Ask your friend (s) about the things that you lost and draw them in the correct place.
  • 31. 27 You have lost these things
  • 32. 28 Lesson V Telling the Times A. Function 1. Asking the time What’s the time? Can you tell me what time is it? What’s the time, please? Could you tell me the time? What time is it now? Do you have a watch? What time do you have? 2. Telling the time - 8: 00 - It’s eight o’clock It’s eight o’clock sharp - 9: 00 a. m - It’s nine o’clock a. m It’s none o’clock in the morning - 2: 00 p. m - It’s two o’clock p.m It’s two o’clock in the afternoon - 11: 30 - It’s half past eleven It’s eleven thirty - 7: 15 - It’s a quarter past seven (UK) It’s a quarter after seven (US) It’s seven fifteen - 7: 45 - It’s quarter to eight (UK) It’s quarter of eight (US) - 6: 05 - It’s five (minutes) past six It’s six on five 3. Days of week The days of the week are: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday.
  • 33. 29 4. Months The twelve months of the year are: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December. 5. Date You Write You Say (UK) You Say (US) 1st January The first of January January first 2nd February The second of February February second 3rd March The third of March March of third 4th April The Fourth of April April Fourth 5th May The fifth of May May Fifth 21st June The twenty first of June June twenty-first 30th July The thirtieth of July July thirtieth Remember : on Monday on 3rd March in July in 2008 You can also write : on 27 July 2005 or on July 27, 2005 B. Model dialogue 1. Two students are waiting for their bus at the bus stop. A : what time is it now? B : it’s almost seven o’clock. A : where is the bus? It usually comes at eight thirty. It is still early, isn’t it? B : don’t worry. The class begins at eight thirty. A : but there is an additional class for me at seven thirty this morning. B : oh, that’s our bus coming. You’re lucky! A : thanks God! Let’s go. 2. Buying tickets at travel agent’s Agent : good morning. Can I help you sir? Passenger : good morning. Is there any flight to Yogya tomorrow?
  • 34. 30 Agent : yes, sir. There are two flights, one at 10 a.m. and the other at 3 p.m. Passenger : can I book tickets for tomorrow here? Agent : certainly, sir! Passenger : I’d like to have two tickets for the 3 p. m. Flight for tomorrow. Agent : sure. Here you are. 3. A tourist is at the railway station Tourist : excuse me. Informatin clerk : yes mam. What can I do for you? Tourist : what time does the train leave for Surabaya today? Informatin clerk : for Surabaya? It leaves at four twenty five this afternoon. Tourist : well, I’m still early then. It’s just one fifteen now. where can I buy the ticket? Informatin clerk : you can get it from the counter number five over there. It opens between two o’clock and five minutes before the train leaves. Tourist : well, thank you for the information. Informatin clerk : it’s my pleasure, mam. C. Speaking 1. Alya has just graduated from her vocational school in her town. Now she is having an interview to get a job in an international company in Jakarta. Alya : Good morning, sir. May I sit down? Interviewer : Oh, yes. Please. Alya : Thank you, sir. Interviewer : Are you ready for the interview? Alya : Yes, sir. Interviewer : Good. Let’s start from your name. What’s your full name? Alya : My full name is Prialaya Mahardika Dewi. Interviewer : And your first name? Alya : My first name is Alya.
  • 35. 31 Interviewer : Where are you from, Alya? Alya : I am from Purwokerto, Central Java, sir. Interviewer : Where do you live in Jakarta. Alya : I live with my uncle in Depok, not in Jakarta. Interviewer : I see. What’s your uncle’s address? Alya : Jalan Kelapa Dua number forty-five Depok. Interviewer : Where and when were you born, Alya? Alya : I was born in Purwokerto, on the twenty-eighth of February nineteen ninety. Interviewer : How many siblings do you have? Alya : I have one brother and two sisters. I am the second child in my family. Interviewer : What are your parents? Alya : My father is a teacher in Purwokerto and my mother is a nurse, also in Purwokerto. Interviewer : Does your uncle in Depok has a telephone? Alya : Yes. His number is 021 5466 388. Interviewer : What’s your phone number? Alya : My number is 081 325 114 243. Interviewer : What are your skills? Alya : I can make programs on a computer and I have a TOEIC Certificate. My score is 750. Interviewer : Very good. Do you really want to work in this company? Alya : Yes, sir, I do. Interviewer : OK, I have seen your application. Next week, on Monday, September the eighth, please come here again to see the announcement whether you are accepted or not. Alya : Thank you, sir. Can I leave now? Interviewer : Yes, and please ask another applicant to come in. Alya : All right, sir. Good bye. Interviewer : Good bye.
  • 36. 32 Answer these questions 1. What is Alya doing now? 2. Where does she come from? 3. When was she born? 4. Does she live with her parents or with her uncle? 5. Is she the only girl in her family? 6. What is her father? 7. What does her mother do? 8. What is her telephone number? 9. Is she very good at English? 10. When should she see the announcement? 2. Tell the times! 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1. What time is it now? 2. What time does your English class begin? 3. What time is it over? 4. What time do you usually come here? 5. What time do you usually go home? 6. What time do you usually get up? 7. What day is it today? 8. What day was it yesterday? 9. On what day do you have your English class? 10. What month is this month? 11. What month was last month? 12. What month is next month?
  • 37. 33 13. What is the date today? 14. What is your birthday? 15. When do we have our independence? D. Role Play 1. Rahardian is a grade one student in a vocational school in his town. He has not got a lesson schedule for one semester. He has got a temporary schedule for one week. Here is his schedule. Time Days and Dates Monday 21/07/08 Tuesday 22/07/08 Wednesday 23/07/08 Thursday 24/07/08 Friday 25/07/08 Saturday 26/07/08 07.00 – 08.30 English Chassis Chemistry Sports Electricity Physics 08.30 – 10.00 Math Chassis PKn English Electricity Chemistry 10.00 – 10.15 First Break First Break First Break First Break First Break First Break 10.15 – 11.45 History Indonesian Math Entrepreneur ship Body Machinery 11.45 – 12.30 Second Break Second Break Second Break Second Break Second Break Second Break 12.30 – 14.00 Religion Javanese Physics Computer Body Machinery 2. Trying it out Work in pairs and role play this situations. Cover each other’s information. Student A You are in travel office. You want to fly from Los Angles to Austin, Texas. You want a one way coach fare and you want to fly sometime between June 7 and June 13. Talk to the travel agent and make arrangements for your flight.
  • 38. 34 Be sure to : a. say where and when you want to fly. b. find out how much a ticket is/ c. try to get a ticket on Wednesday morning. If there is no flight available on Wednesday, find out what other flights are available. d. make a reservation. Student B You work in travel office. A customer wants to make flight arrangements. Be sure to : a. find out where and when the person wants to fly. b. check the computer information below about the flight : Flights for the month of June leave four times a day, every day, From : Los Angeles, CA To : Austin, TA Price : $ 254 one way (coach fare) 7:15 A.M. 9 : 30 A. M. 12:00 P. M. 13: 40 P.M. Sunday 7 FULL Monday 8 FULL FULL Tuesday 9 FULL CANCELED FULL Wednesday 10 FULL FULL FULL Thursday 11 CANCELED CANCELED Friday 12 FULL Saturday 13 FULL c. tell the customer what flights are available. d. find out what time and day the customer wants to fly. Tell the customer you will make a reservation.
  • 39. 35 3. Make up some dialogues based on the following situations : a. Your mom asks you to accompany her to go shopping, but you have to do something and you promise her to go shopping someday (discuss the time on which your mom and you agree with) b. Asks your friend about his/her planning today (mention the exact time for each activity) c. Your brother asks you and your friends to go watching movie next Sunday, but you have other plans, meanwhile your friend will go somewhere (discuss the day and the time that all of you agree with)
  • 40. 36 Lesson VI Accepting and Declining Invitation What we must do if we want people to come to our party? Of course, we have to extend invitations to them before the time of the party. In this unit, we will learn how to make a simple invitation. A.Function The people below are inviting someone to do something. Match each invitation with a good response! Invitation :  How about going dancing this weekend?  I was wondering if you might like to come over for dinner on Friday.  Do you want to get a drink?  Would you like to go out to dinner on Sunday?  We’re having a party on Sunday, we’d love to have you join us.  Why don’t we go to a disco tonight? Accepting : a. I’d love to. b. Great idea, let’s go. c. Ok, sounds good. d. Oh, thank you, that’d be nice. e. Thank you. I’d like that. f. Oh, thank you. How nice of you to ask me. Refusing : a. Sorry, but I’ve got other plans. b. Sorry, I can’t tonight. Thanks anyway. c. Gee. I really can’t dance. d. I wish I could, but I’m really kind of busy right now. e. I’m terribly sorry, but I’ve made other plans. Thank anyway. f. Thanks, but I have a terrible headache.
  • 41. 37 B.Model Dialogue Two room-mates are talking as one is leaving the apartment. A : I’ll see you later, OK? B : Where’re you off to? A : Marty and Phil are going shopping ... to Northgate Mall. Oh, you want to come with us? B : Yeah ... No, maybe not. I’d better finish working on this report for Econ class. Two friends are talking at a party. F1 : this has been a pretty nice party, hasn’t it? F2 : Yeah, it has been. Listen, a group of us are going out for a few more drinks afterwards. Would you be interested in going too? F1 : Yeah, That sounds good. Where are you going? Two office workers meet at the coffee machine during break time. OW1 : Hi, Martha. OW2 : Yeah? OW1 : A group us are going to go to the music in the park series this lunch. OW2 : That’s a good idea I’ve been waiting to go there. 1. A : I’d like to invite you to come to my engagement party on Sunday. B : I’d love to come. Thanks. 2. A : Would you mind coming to my house this evening. B : I’d like to, but I’ve already planned to visit my parents. 3. A : Would you like to go? B : Thanks, I’d love to. What time is it? 4. A : Let’s just meet at the hall before the concert, around 7:30. B : That sounds fine. 5. A : Can you and Susan come? B : We’d love to but I’m afraid we can’t. We’re going out with friends for dinner.
  • 42. 38 At the office. Staff : I’d like to invite you to come to my engagement party on Sunday. Supervisor : I’d love to come. Thanks. What time is the party? Staff : In the afternoon at 4, and please come with your spouse. Supervisor : Okay. I’ll be there. Mrs. Kuncoro comes to Mrs. Purwanto’s house. Mrs. Kuncoro : Would you mind coming to my house this evening? Mrs. Purwanto : I’d like to, but I’ve already planned to visit my parents. Thanks anyway. Mrs. Kuncoro : Actually, I’ll have a dinner party. We’ll celebrate our wedding anniversary. Mrs. Purwanto : Oh, congratulations to you. Hopefully your wedding will last forever. Mrs. Kuncoro : Thank you very much. On the way home. David : I have two tickets to Exist band concert on Saturday night.Would you like to go? Alex : Thanks, I’d love to. What time is it? David : It’s at 8:00. Alex : That sounds great. So, do you want to have dinner at 6:30? David : Uh, I’d like to, but I have to finish my homework first. Alex : Oh, that’s OK. Let’s just meet at the hall before the concert, around 7:30. David : That sounds fine. At school. Jacky : There is a computer exhibition in Java Mall. It is from Thursday to Sunday. Would you like to come with me? Dodi : I’d love to. When will we go? Jacky : I’ll pick you up at 4:00 p.m. Is it OK? Dodi : That’s fine.
  • 43. 39 C.Speaking Practice with your partner by completing the dialogues with expressions of inviting, accepting and refusing an invitation. In a doctor office. Ahmed : We would _____________ to our charity concert. Dr. Christ : I’d really _______ come. _________the concert? Ahmed : It’s in our school hall on Sunday morning. _________ invite your colleagues to come with you? Dr. Christ : Oh, I’ll try. I’m proud of you, Boy. You really do a good deed. Ahmed : __________, Sir. In an office. Anto : I have two tickets for a football game on Saturday afternoon. ___________ go with me? Dedi : I’m sorry _______. I promised to help Diky fix his motorbike. Anto : Oh, it’s _______. I’ll ask another friend. At school canteen Hendra : I’m having a party on Saturday, Bob. Can you and Susan ______? Bobby : We’d ______ but I’m afraid _______. We’re going out with friends for dinner. Hendra : Oh, that’s okay. Bobby : _______ for the invitation. On the way home. Susi : There’s a rock concert at the city hall tonight. It is at 7:30 p.m. Would______________? Sinta : _________. But I have to go to the hospital with my mother. We have to see my neighbour.
  • 44. 40 D.What would you do if you were in the following situations? 1. You are shopping and carrying a lot of packages. You drop one, and another person pick it up for you. 2. A friend invites you to a party. You accept the invitation. 3. You work in an office, and you are very busy. You have to proof read a long report before quitting time. An office mate offers to help you. You gladly accept the offer.
  • 45. 41 Lesson VII Asking and Giving Direction A. Function Expressions Turn left/ right Go straight a head Keep walking Take the second turning Keep going Three junction Intersection Traffic lights Round about Fork No entry One way Narrow path Dead end Cross the road Go under the bridge Keep walking for two blocks Just before/after the building Pass the building On your right/left On the corner between ... etc Expressions used for finding places in the buildings 1. Asking for Directions a. Where is the ………………………? b. Can you tell me where …………is?
  • 46. 42 c. How do I get to …………………...? d. I’m looking for …………………… e. Where can I find ………………….? f. Could you tell me how I can get to ……………………………., please? 2. Giving Directions a. Go straight ahead. b. Turn left/right at the ………../as you come out of the elevator. c. Go across the ………………….. d. Go up stairs/down stairs e. Go up/down in the elevator/lift f. Go up/down on the escalator g. Take the elevator/lift to the …….. h. It’s on the …………… floor. i. It’s in the basement. j. It’s next to/beside ………………… k. It’s between ……….. and ……….. l. It’s at the end of the corridor. m. It’s on your right/left. Expressions used for finding places outdoor. 1. Asking for Directions a. Could you tell me where ………… is? b. Could you direct me to …………? c. Can you tell me how to get to………? d. Would you tell me the way to …………? e. Would you tell me how to get to …………? f. Would you let me know where ………… is? g. How far is …………? h. Could you tell me if I’m right to …………? i. Is this the right way to …………? j. Where is the nearest …………? k. Which way is it to …………...?
  • 47. 43 2. Giving Directions a. Go straight ahead b. Go straight down this road c. Go straight over d. Follow this road/street as far as the ……… e. Take the first left/right f. Go around the corner to your left g. Turn left/ right h. Cross the street/road i. Take the left/right turn Notice how these sentences are used to give direction! 1. At a junction Turn Left Turn Right
  • 48. 44 2. At an intersection / cross roads Go ahead Go straight on Go straight over 3. At a roundabout Take the third exit Take the second exit B. Model Dialogues 1. Mr. Hermawan is out of his town. He doesn’t know how to get to BCA bank, so he stops a man in the street. Mr. Hermawan : Excuse me, can you tell me where the nearest BCA bank is? Man : BCA bank? I’m sorry. I don’t know. I’m not from around here myself.
  • 49. 45 Then he meets a policeman and asks him the direction. Mr. Hermawan : Excuse me, where’s the nearest BCA bank, please? Policeman : Go straight down this street. Turn left at the T-junction, BCA bank is just around the corner, on your left. Mr Hermawan : How far is it from here? Policeman : It will take about 5 minutes if you go there on foot. Mr. Hermawan : Thank you very much. I’m sure I’ll find it easily, if I walk there. Policeman : Sure, but there’s one thing you have to know. Mr. Hermawan : What’s that? Policeman : Today is Saturday. The bank is closed. Mr. Hermawan : But not the ATM service, don’t you think? I just need to withdraw some cash. Thanks anyway. C. Traffic Signs What do these signs mean? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Study the signs above and make a short dialogue based on the model of an example below. Then, practice it with your partner. Use the cues below.
  • 50. 46 1. smoke here 6. drive so fast 2. park here 7. go straight ahead 3. turn around 8. take photograph 4. enter the road 9. touch anything 5. blow the horn. 10. go to left D. Speaking 1. Work in pairs. Make questions and responses about the location of certain places on the plan in activity 26. Start from the main gate. Number one is as a model. a. Student A : Where can I find the book store? Student B : Go straight ahead to the end of the corridor. You’ll see it facing you. b. Student A : ___________________________ Student B : ___________________________ c. Student A : ___________________________ Student B : ___________________________ d. Student B : __________________________ Student A : __________________________
  • 51. 47 e. Student B : __________________________ Student A : __________________________ f. Student B : __________________________ Student A : __________________________ 2. Work with your partner. Look at the map. Imagine you standing at the point marked with a cross ( X ). Name where these directions take you to. A city map Note: 1 . Ibis Hotel 6. Selera Restaurant 2. Mandiri Bank 7 . Supit Money Changer 3. Galaxi Mall 8. Gazali Tour and Travel 4. Toyota Service Station 9. Perkasa Sport Stadium 5. Sumber Waras Hospital 10. Bina Sehat Chemist’s Shop a. Go down this street. Turn right at the first junction. Go straight on and it’s on your right, just before the intersection. b. Keep straight on until you get to the roundabout. Take the first exit, and it’s on your right. You can’t miss it.
  • 52. 48 c. Go along this road. Take the second turning on the right. Keep straight on until you get to the end of the road, then turn left. Go straight down and it’s on your left. d. Go straight ahead, pass the first T-junction, and it’s on your right. e. Go along this street. Take the first turning on the right, go straight ahead and turn left at the crossroads. Go down as far as the roundabout and take the second exit. Go straight ahead and it’s on your right. 3. In pairs, interview each other about the direction to the five places left on the map above. You are still standing at the place marked with a cross(X). Look at the example. Student A : Would you tell me the way to Ibis Hotel,please? Student B : Go down this street. Turn right at the first junction. Go straight on and it’s on your right, just before the intersection. a. Student A : __________________________? Student B : __________________________ b. Student A : __________________________? Student B : __________________________ c. Student A : __________________________? Student B : __________________________ d. Student A : __________________________? Student B : __________________________ e. Student A : __________________________? Student B : __________________________
  • 53. 49 Lesson VIII Expressing Preferences/Likes/Dislikes A. Function 1. Asking about likes/preferences/dislikes  Do you like ice cream?  What do you like to do in your free time?  Do you like listening to classical music?  How do you like your new car?  Which do you like better, French or Italian bread?  Would you prefer tea or coffee?  Which would you prefer, going out or staying home?  Which would you rather eat, Chinese or Indonesia food?  Would you rather to be shirt?  Don’t you like that shirt?  Why don’t you like about Mr. Janson?  Do you dislike that painting?  What do you dislike about this book? 2. Expressing likes/preferences/dislikes  I like you very much  I’d prefer having margarine to butter  I’d rather go shopping this afternoon  I don’t like the way he looked at my wife  I dislike having to repeat every thing I say  I can’t stand the sound of his voice  He makes me sick
  • 54. 50 B. Explanatory Notes Preferences - Would you prefer … to infinitive … (or infinitive)? - Would you rather … infinitive… (or infinitive)? - Would you like to … infinitive … (or infinitive)? - Do you prefer …Gerund/Noun or Gerund/Noun…? - What would you rather do: … Infinitive or Infinitive…? - Do you like … Noun or Gerund … better/ more than … Noun or Gerund? Responses - I’d prefer … to infinitive …. - I prefer … Noun or Gerund … - I’d rather … Infinitive … (than Infinitive). - I like … Noun or Gerund … better than … Noun or Gerund …. - I like both. - I don’t like either of them. - Neither. I prefer … to infinitive Which doy ou prefer, vegetable salad or fruit salad? I prefer vegetable salad. .............................. Which doy ou prefer, playing games or sending and receiving messages with y our cell phone? .............................. Which doy ou prefer, reading a comic or watching a cartoon? Which doy ou prefer, rice or noodle for breakfast? .............................. Which doy ou prefer, browsing information or chatting in the Internet? .............................. PREFERENCES
  • 55. 51 C. Answer these questions! 1. How do you like Jakarta? 2. What do you think of Yogyakarta? 3. Which do you prefer, living in Jakarta or Yogyakarta? 4. I like both, but I prefer staying in a quieter place like Klaten. 5. I prefer cycling to riding a motorbike. 6. I would rather watch TV than listen to music. 7. I like playing games on the computer better than playing cards. 8. Would you prefer vegetable salad or fruit salad? 9. I prefer vegetable salad to fruit salad. 10. I’d rather have lemon tea without ice at this time of the day. D. Model Dialogues 1. A husband comes in and shows his wife, his new haircut. H : how do you like my new haircut? W : george ! what happened to your hair? It’s so short. H : don’t you like it? W : well, it’s different to say the least. 2. A selesman is talking with a middle aged man and his wife S : I think you’ll love this little car H : well, it’s a nice – looking car. Do you like it, Milly? W : yes... I do ... but I’d prefer an automatic to a stick to tell you the truth ... S : of course, you can have it with an automatic if that’s what you’d rather I have W : I’d like to have my husband test drive it first. S : sure. Sir, would you like to test drive it? W : yes, I would. Come on, Milly, Let’s go far a ride. 3. Two factory workers are talking during break time. FW1 : Jan, don’t you like Mr. Edmonds? You’re always fighting with him ... FW2 : Quite honestly, I detest the man? FW1 : what do you have against him?
  • 56. 52 FW2 : I really hate the way he gives orders. He makes you feel so small. I also dislike his temper ... FW1 : I know what you mean. He isn’t very sensitive, is he? E. Speaking Practice speaking the dialogueues with your partner! 1. Reporter : How do you like Jakarta? Man : …………………. It’s a ……………………. Modern city. Reporter : What do you think of Yogyakarta? Man : Nice. A traditional town, but still it’s a busy tourists’ …………………….. Reporter : Which do you prefer, Jakarta or Yogyakarta? Man : I like both, but I prefer staying in a ………………. place like Klaten. Reporter : Why is that so? Man : I need a place to ………………….. my new novel. 2. Hasan : How do you go to school? Basri : I ride my ……………………... What about you? Hasan : I prefer ………………… to riding a motorbike. It’s ………………... …………………….., My house is only two kilometres away from school 3. Teacher : What is your hobby, Lusi? Lusi : My hobby is ………………………….., Sir. Teacher : How about you? Zahra : I …………………….. watch TV than listen to music. Teacher : Do you have any hobbies, San? Hasan : I don’t ………………… have any hobbies, Sir. Teacher : Well, what do you do in your …………………….? Playing cards? Hasan : I like playing ……………… on the computer better than playing cards. 4. Waiter : What would you like ………………., Madam? Woman : I’d like to have a …………………, please. Waiter : Would you prefer …………………. salad or fruit salad? Woman : I prefer vegetable salad to fruit salad, please.
  • 57. 53 Waiter : Certainly. What would you like to drink? …………………. perhaps? Woman : I’d rather have a lemon tea …………….at this time of the day. Complete these dialogues using the expressions you have learned and practice speaking them out. 1. Jehan : Do you want to go to the KD concert tonight? Lus : Not really. I’d rather………….than …………….. 2. Hasan : Would you like to go out with me? Shifa : Thanks, but I’d prefer …………………… Hasan : That’s alright, perhaps another day. 3. Father : What would you rather do today, ………………… or ……………….? Son : Neither. I prefer ………………………… 4. Hasan : Do you like ……………better than ……………….? Shifa : No. I like …………… better than …………. because ………………... 5. Shifa : Would you prefer ………………….. or ………………………… Jehan : I prefer ……………………….. because it’s more fun. Complete this form. Circle your preference in the left column. Add others if you wish. Then write out your ‘favorites’ in the right column. My preference My favourites  The kind of film I like best: Comedies, horror films, love stories, adventure films, science fiction films, others.  The kind of music I like best: Pop, rock, rock & roll, rap, R&B, jazz, others.  The past time I prefer: reading comics, watching cartoons, playing �My favourite film is …………….. �My favourite film star is ………… �My favourite song is ……………. �My favourite singer is …………… �My favourite band is …………….. �My favourite cartoon character is ……………………… �My favourite comic is …………… �My favourite game is …………….
  • 58. 54 games, browsing internet, others.  The sport that I prefer: volleyball, basketball, football, street soccer, others. �My favourite athlete is …………… �My favourite football team is ………………………. F. Role Play 1. Work in pairs, take turn to ask and answer your partner about her/his preference. Use the questions below as the guide. Continue making questions yourself. Student A : What kind of films do you prefer? Student B : …………………………………. Student A : And what is your favorite film? Student B : ………………………………… Student A : I see. And can you tell me who your favorite film star is? Student B : ………………………………… Student A : All right. Now we’ll talk about music. What kind of musik do you like best? Student B : ………………………………… Student A : And who is your favorite singer? Student B : ………………………………… Student A : Good. Then, what past times do you prefer? Student B : ……………………………….. Student A : By the way, what sport games do you like to watch? Student B : ……………………………………… 2. Make up the conversations based on the following situations! a. You are at a party talking with a sport car enthusiast. You ask him/her about his/her likes and dislikes. b. You are shopping for a shirt in a fashionable shop. The sales person has taken out ten or fifteen shirts. He wants to know which you prefer. c. A couple are in a restaurant. The waiter brings the dessert cart and asks about preferences.
  • 59. 55 Lesson IX Expressing Agreement and Disagreement A. Function Complete Agreement More Formal I agree completely That’s just what I think, of course. In my opinion, you are correct I couldn’t agree more You’re right. Less Formal Sure Tentative Agreement I suppose you’re right. Well, maybe... Direct Agreement More Formal I’m sorry, but I have to disagree I couldn’t disagree more I refure to believe that ... No, what’s wrong You’re dead wrong Nope No, way! Less Formal Uh, uh ! Indirect disagreement I’m not sure I can agree I wonder if there’s mistake In my opinion, .... Are you absolutely sure? That really surprises me. I may be wrong but .... But I thought .... Really? Oh, I don’t know Yes, but ...
  • 60. 56 Asking for Agreement That’s a nice looking boot, huh? He’s lousy player, isn’t he? That’s fascinating painting, don’t you think? We’d better fisnish this today, don’t you agree? He’s not to be trusted, isn’t that so? Don’t you agree that this plan is too risky? Are you in agreement with us? Do you agree to help us if we need help? Would you go along with a 2% membership fees increase? Agreeing I agree I know what you mean I think so, too That’s for sure Right on Certainly O. K with me Fine with me I agree to do so I’ll go along with that It’s deal. Disagreeing/Refusing I don’t agree I disagree I don’t think so I’m not sure I find I can’t agree with you I can’t agree to that I can’t go along with you on that I refuse No way No deal B. Model Dialogues 1. A group of business men are discussing a decision. BM 1 : well, gentlemen. I think this is the best choice we have... BM 2 : I agree. It seems a good choice. BM 1 : well, I’m not so sure about it. There are a few things I think we’ve overlooked
  • 61. 57 2. A club president is asking for the members’ ageeement to a plan. CP : well, everyone, do we all agree that the charity bazaar is our highest priority project this month? M1 : I think so M2 : I agree CP : and do all of us agree to contribute one night a week to work on it? M3 : I agree too M2 : fine with me CP : How about you, Fred? M4 : I’m sorry, but I can’t go along with you on that. I’m working. 3. A lawyer and his client are talking about his divorce L : O. K. Jim. It seems as if your wife is going to ask for half of everything: half the property, half the investments, etc. Do you agree to do that? C : O. K. I agree L : and she wants custody of the children. C : I’m not sure I agee. What visiting priviledges do I get? L : she said any time any week-end C : well, I guess I’ll go along with that L : and Lastly, she wants the dogs C : what? No way! I refuse. That’s where I draw the line L : she says that the dogs belongs to the kids. C. Speaking Directions: For each situation that follows, read the cues given, then discuss the relationship among the speakers and the level of formality. Using this information, complete the dialogues orally with appropriate responses. Example : A : ......... so then my cousin moved to Milwaukee B : oh, that’s in Minnesota, isn’t it?
  • 62. 58 A : no, it’s in Wisconsin B : oh, sorry Situation 1 A : B : I wonder if you heard that wrong. Did he really say that? A : B : A : well, all I know is what he said to me. Situation 2 A : did you know that ? B : are you sure ? A : B : well, maybe I’m wrong, but Situation 3 A : well, in my opinion, B : why do you say that? A : B : That’s an interesting thought, but Situationo 4 A : why did you think of (the movie) ? B : A : oh, I don’t know B : A : Directions: After looking at each situation carefully, discuss with your partner the relationship among the speakers and the appropriate level of formality. Then pratice, using any
  • 63. 59 words or expressions appropriate to express the functions given. You will perform the dialogue for the class. D. 1. Role Play A and B are both graduate students in the class. A is sitting in the cafetaria one day and sees B carrying a tray .... A 1. Greets B 2. Asks B how the test went yesterday 3. Tells B his or her test score, asks how B studies 4. Asks for more details 5. Disagree with B’s method, gives own method 6. Gives opinion 7. Gives tentative agreement, gives preclosing 8. Says good bye 1. Greets A 2. Answer question, asks A the same question 3. Describes his or her study corner 4. Gives more information 5. Disagree with A’s method, asks what is the most important think for studying 6. Expresses doubt, gives own opinion 7. Replies to preclosing 8. Says good bye 2. How might the following situations be handled a. You are talking with some friends about friendship. You want to see if other people agree with your views. b. You and one of your fellow office workers are talking about working conditions. You disagree with some thinks he/she says. c. A teen age boy wants to use the family car. He is asking his father for permission. His father puts some conditions on using the car. The boy agrees to some, disagrees to others.
  • 64. 60 Lesson X Talking about Personal History A. Biography PRESIDENT SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO General TNI (ret) Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, popularly known as SBY, was born in Pacitan, East Java, on September 9, 1949. He graduated from the military Academy in 1973-top of his class. He received his fourth star in 2000. During his 27-years of distinguished military service, President Yudhoyono took an extensive range of training, education and courses, both in Indonesia and overseas. President Yudhoyono also held numerous important posts and positions as troop and territorial commander, staff officer, trainer and lecturer. He served both in the field and at headquarters, as well as missions overseas. He was the Commander of the United Nations Military Observers and commander of the Indonesian Military Contingent in Bosnia-Herzegovina from1995-1996. For his outstanding service, President Yudhoyono was awarded with 24 medals and awards including the UNPKF Medal, the BintangDharma, the BintangMahaPuteraAdipurna and the Bintang Republik Indonesia Adipurna, the highest national medal for excellent service beyond the call of duty. In the first-ever direct presidential election in Indonesia in 2004, SusiloBambangYudhoyono, running on a platform for: more just, more peaceful, more prosperous, and more democratic Indonesia”, was elected as the 6thPresident of the Republic of Indonesia, gaining a landslide 60% of the popular vote over the incumbent president Megawati Soekarno Putri. Prior to being elected, President Yudhoyono held Various important government positions, including Minister of Mining and Energy and Coordinating Minister for Political, Social, and Security Affairs in the National Unity Cabinet under President Abdurrahman Wahid. He again served as Coordinating Minister for Political, Social ad security Affairs in the GotongRoyong Cabinetunder President Megawati SoekarnoPutri. It was inhiscapacity as Coordinating Minister that he became internationally recognized for leading Indonesia’s counter-terrorism efforts.
  • 65. 61 President Yudhoyono is also known for his activities in various civil society organizations. He served as CO-Chairman of the Governing Board of the Partnership for the Governance Reform, a joint Indonesia-international Organization focused on the improvement of governance in Indonesia. He also served as Chairman of the Advisor Board of the Brighten institute, an institution devoted to studying the theory and practice of national development policy. Adapted from:http://www,presidenri.go.id/index.php/eng/profile B. Model Dialogues The reporter is interviewing the well-known scientist, Lily Tarkis R : so, Lily. We have heard about your work. Tell us about what you do on the weekends – when you get up, what you have for breakfast, what you do for fun, things like that. L : well, I get up very early, around 5 o’clock, because .... R : 5 o’clock? It is too early on weekends. What do you usually do after that? L : I sometimes go for a long swim in my pool or I go for a fun. Exercise is very important for me. R : OK... and what time do you have breakfast? L : well, then. I have breakfast at 7:30 and after that I get down to work. R : oh, you work on the weekends, too? L : oh, yes. I always work on the weekends. R : so, when do you have free time to relax? L : relax? R : you know, take the day off and have a good time, enjoy yourself? L : Oh, I always enjoy myself at work. R : well, ok.. thank you, Lily Tarkis. It has been very interesting hearing about your weekends. C. Speaking 1. Create your own educational background and share to your friend in front of the class!
  • 66. 62 Criteria score: a. Give clear information about your educational background in Kindegarten up to now. b. Cover information informal and formal education based on real life. 2. Find out and give clear information of someone’s biography, and tell to your friends by your own words. D. Role Play 1. Work in pairs: Student A : as a well known lawyer, a husband/a wife, a father/a mother of 3 children. Student B : as a reporter from local newspaper. a. Ask the lawyer about his/her development of his/her carier. b. Ask the lawyer of his/her educational background.. 2. Work in pairs: Student A : as an employer Student B : as a candidate employee Interview B about his/her personal matters (education, skill, experience, language, plans for future, etc)
  • 67. 63 Lesson XI Offering and Requesting A. Function 1. Offering: - Please take my seat. - Would you like something to drink? - Would you care something to drink? - Would you like to use my pen? - Shall I bring you some coffee? - Do you want me to help you? - Here, have a seat - Here, take some sugar - I’ll do that, if you want me - How about another piece of pie 2. Accepting offers - Thank you. That’s very kind of you - Oh that’d be great - Yes, please. Thanks a lot - Would you mind? - If it’s no trouble for you 3. Declining/refusing - No, thank you - That’s not necessary - That’s o.k. but thanks anyway 4. Request : a. Polite request with: would, could, will, can. Would you wait for a moment? Yes, of course Could you answer the phone, please? Yes certainly
  • 68. 64 Will you bring me a cup of coffee, please? Of course Can you turn the volume up, please? Sure Can you help me yes, what would you like me to do? b. Polite request with: would you mind Would you mind giving this invitation to her? No, not at all Would you mind closing the door please? No, of course not Would you mind holding this for me? No, that would be line B. Model dialogue 1. John and Martha are riding motorbike to school. Martha : John, don’t drive too fast. John : I’m sorry but we must get to school on time. Otherwise we’ll get a punishment. Martha : Yes, I know, but it’s dangerous. The traffic is too heavy. John : Don’t worry! Just hold the side handles tightly and you will be safe. Martha : OK, … Watch out! Oh my god! You almost hit another motorbike. John : Calm down. You’re making me nervous. 2. At the front door of an office. Toni : Would you mind helping me for a minute, please? Abadi : Of course, what do you want me to do? Toni : Could you hold this package while I look for the key to the door? Abadi : I’d be glad to. What’s in this package? It’s extremely heavy. Toni : It’s just office stationeries for our activities. Abadi : Well, hurry up and open the door. I told you this thing was very heavy. Toni : I can’t find the key. You must have it.
  • 69. 65 Abadi : You’re right, but how can I get the key while I’m holding this big package? 3. An elderly woman gets on a bus and a young man offers his seat. Young man : Excuse me, Madam. Here please take my seat. Elderly woman : Thank you, young man. 4. A young man and woman are in restaurant, ordering some meals and drinks. Waitress : here is the menu, Sir, Madam. Please call us when you are ready. Man & woman : thank you. Man : waitress! Waitress : yes, sir. What would you like to order? Man : yes, I’ll have some chicken satay and lontong please. Waitress : fine, how about you, Madam. What would you like? Woman : all right. Would you care for something to drink? Man : I’d like iced tea. Woman : let me see. What’s your specialty here? Waitress : well our customers usually have some iced cendol here. Waitress : certainly, sir. Will be there anything else? Man & woman : No, I don’t think so. Waitress : shall I bring you the tea and cendol while you’re waiting for the satay. Man & woman : yes, please. 5. The following is a conversation between a secretary and her director. Secretary : (knock on the door) Good morning, Sir. May I come in? Director : (writing a note) sure Would you wait for a moment? Secretary : Yes, Sir. Director : (finished writing a note) Yes. What is it?
  • 70. 66 Secretary : I have already sent the letter to Mr. J. Stephen. Director : oh, That’s good. Secretary : another thing, Sir. Are you going to attend the conference on Human Resorce Development in Japan? Director : yes, of course. For three days, isn’t it? Secretary : yes, for three days. Director : could you arrange my trip and accomodation? Secretary : certainly, Sir. 6. A husband and wife are having a conversation at home. Husband : honey, are you having a busy day? Wife : yes, I’m going shopping this morning. Husband : will you do me a favor? Wife : sure. What is it? Husband : when you go to Blok M, will you buy me some razor blades? Wife : of course. By the way, when you are leaving for the office? Husband : in ten minutes. Wife : when you pass Cathy’s house, would you mind giving this packet to her? Husband : No, not at all C. Speaking 1. You have a guest for the weekend. You want to be a good host. How woud you offer him if the following happens? a. He looks thirsty. b. He has left his suitcase at the station. c. The room is hot because the windows closed . d. He can’t find his pen when he wants to write. e. He hasn’t seen much of your town. f. He is hot and tired after his journey. g. He seems eager to hear the news from the radio. h. He doesn’t know how to operate the record player.
  • 71. 67 i. He is leaving and it is a long way to the station. 2. Make up dialogues containing offers. Practice and act them out in class. Use the following situations: a. Someone is carrying two heavy suitcase. You want to help and you are standing next to him. b. Your friend is driving a car with you. He has been driving for two hours and he is tired. You are also able to drive. c. You are at your classmate’s house. He is talking on one of his phone. The other phone is ringing. d. The nighbour’s car won’t start. It needs a push and you are around. e. A friend is visiting your hometown. He needs a hotel room. 3. Steven hasn’t returned the scissors which he borrowed from Mrs. Jones. Mrs. Jones needs them now. Mrs. Jones : Steven Jones : Yes, of course. Mrs. Jones : Steven Jones : 4. Barbara asks Mary’s permission to copy her note. Barbara : Marry : Barbara : Marry : 5. Harry asks Hendra to join him to go to the movie tonight. Harry : Hendra : Not at all. It’s all right with me. Harry : Hendra : 6. These statements describe different situations. Make your request for each one of them .
  • 72. 68 Example : Situation : the students are making a lot of noise. You say : would you mind turning your voice down a bit? Or could you keep your voice down, please. Or would you keep quiet, please! Situations: a. Your friend is singing in a very loud voice. b. The taxi driver is exceeding the speed limit. c. You need to make an urgent phone call, but somebody has been using the phone for a long time. d. Your roommate is going to turn of the light. You are still reading a magazine. e. You are a secretary in an office. Somebody wants to see your boss but you don’t know the person’s name. f. You want to buy something but you don’t have any money. You want to borrow money from a friend. g. You are in a restaurant after having some meal but you are not full yet. So you ask the waiter for some more cereal. h. A friend is photocopying something and he runs out of paper. So he asks for some paper from you. i. An employeeof an office is asking for a salary raise to his boss. j. You are borrowing a dictionary from a friend for a week. D. Role Play 1. Your friend wants to visit your city for 3 days. She asks you to pick her up at the airport. You don’t mind and offer her to take a tour city. (make some plans for 3 days) 2. Your friend will go abroad for a week, but he leaves so many things to do at home. You offer him some helps to do such things. (discuss what things you should do)
  • 73. 69 3. You and your friend make an appointment to have lunch at a restaurant. (ask the waiter about today’s menu, offer the menu and order some food and drinks according to the menu)
  • 74. 70 Lesson XII Meeting an Old Friend (Leave Taking) A. Leave taking Leave taking usually used if we part with someone we know. It's divided into: 1. Formal leaving: is used for formal situation Example: - Good bye - Good night (time to go to bed) 2. Informal leaving In relax situation. If we part with our friends, classmates or close friends. In short time: If we take part with someone, and we can meet each other in sort time, for example at same day or not more than a week, we can say: If we take part with someone who will go in long distance and we can't meet in short time, we would say: - Good bye ... and all the best - Good bye ... and good luck Notes : 1. Mr., Mrs., and Miss. In formal situation, we have to use Mr. (Mrs. or Miss.) + family’s name. Example : John Smith We can call Mr. Smith, don’t call Mr. John. 2. How do you do? How do you do = it is not a question, but it just greet when we meet, changing good morning, good afternoon, or good evening. That’s why, we can answer by good morning, hello, etc. How do you do is also used when we are introducing (introduced) first time and we can answer same: how do you do.
  • 75. 71 3. If we speak with somebody whom has high occupation in society, we have to use sir (for a man) and madam (for a woman). B. Model Dialogue 1. Greetings A : Good morning! B : Good Morning! A : How are you? B : I’m fine, thank you. J : Good evening, professor. P : Good evening, John. How are you? J : I’m very well, thank you. And how are you? P : Quite well, thanks. H : Hello, John. J : Hello, Helen. H : How are you? J : Fine, thank you. And you? H : Fine, thank you? S : Good afternoon, Mr. Jones. J : Good afternoon, Miss. Smith. How are you? S : Very well, thank you. How are you? J : Fine, Thanks. M : Hi, Jim! J : Hi, Mary! M : How are You? J : Quite well, thanks. And you? M : Just fine, thanks. J : How do you do, Bill? B : Hello, Jim.
  • 76. 72 J : Nice day, isn’t it? B : Yes, it is A : Good morning! How are you? B : I’m fine, thank you. How are you? A : Just fine, thank you. B : Beautiful day, isn’t it? A : Yes, isn’t it? X : Good morning, George. How are you? G : Good morning, sir. I feel fine, thank you. How are you? X : Fine, Do you think it’ll rain? G : I shouldn’t think so, no. A : Good evening! How are you? B : I’m very well, thank you. How are you? A : I’m fine thank you. B : Cool this evening, isn’t it? A : Yes, quite chilly in fact. A : Hello! B : Oh, hello! How are you this morning? A : Fine, Thanks. And you? B : Fine. Look like rain, doesn’t it? A : it certainly does. J : Good morning, Mary. How are you today? M : Good morning, Mrs. Jones. I’m quite well, thank you. How are you? J : I’m fine. Hot today, isn’t it? M : Yes, isn’t it? B : Good evening, Mr. Smith. How are you? S : oh, hello Bill. I’m fine, thanks. And how are you? B : Fine, thank you.
  • 77. 73 S : how do you like the weather? B : (it) suite me fine. S : Good afternoon, Mr. Taylor. T : Good afternoon, Mrs. Smith. How are you? S : Quite well, thank you. And how are you? T : I’m fine. How do you like the hot weather? S : I don’t! I’m going for a swim. M : Hi, George! How are you? G : I’m fine, Mary. How are you? M : Just fine. Isn’t it cold tonight? G : Do you think so? It seems warm enough to me? A : Hi, John! How are you? J : Fine, and you? A : just fine. Hot today, isn’t it? J : Yes, awfully hot. P : Hello, John. How are you this evening? J : Good evening, professor. I’m very well, thank you. How are you? P : Quite well, thanks. Lovely evening, isn’t it? J : Yes, it is. Mr. Iskandar : Good morning, Talita. Talita : Good morning, Mr.Iskandar. Mr. Iskandar : How are you? Talita : Very well, thank you. And how are you, sir? Mr. Iskandar : Fine, thank you. Did you have a good night’s rest last night? Talita : Yes, sir. Thank you. Talita : Hi, Renata. Renata : Hello, Lita. How’s everything? Talita : Just fine, thanks, and how about you?
  • 78. 74 Renata : Good, thanks. How was your weekend, Lita? Talita : It was great. I went to Yogya. What about you? Renata : Not too bad. I just stayed at home, we had a family gathering. 2. Leave taking a. Boys : Bye, dad. Father : Bye-bye, sons. Take care. b. Talita : Good bye, Mrs. Iskandar. Mrs. Iskandar : Good bye, Ms. Yuwono. It’s been nice talking to you. c. Talita : I have to go now. See you later. Renata : Bye. See you. d. Mr. Iskandar : Good bye, Talita. See you tomorrow. Talita : Yes. Good bye, Mr. Iskandar. e. Nick : Hello, Lusi. Nice to see you again. Lusi : Nice to see you too, Nick. Nick : How are you doing? Lusi : Pretty well, thanks. Nick : How is Hendra? Lusi : He’s fine, thank you. f. Lusi : Good morning, sir. Teacher : Good morning, Lusi. How are you? Lusi : I’m very well, thank you. Teacher : What are you doing here in the hospital? Lusi : I am going to visit my neighbor. She has just delivered a baby. Teacher : I see. Are you alone? Lusi : No, I’m with my Mom. There she comes. I’m sorry, I have to go now. Good bye, sir. Teacher : Good bye, Lusi. See you at school tomorrow.
  • 79. 75 g. Mr. Iskandar : Good afternoon, Mr. Hermawan. How are you? Mr. Hermawan : Very well. Thank you. How are you? Mr. Iskandar : I’m fine, too. How is your family? Mr. Hermawan : They are fine. Thank you. How’s business? Mr. Iskandar : It’s going up this year. Thanks. Mr. Hermawan : Glad to hear that. Oh, there comes Mr. Bawono. Sorry, I have to see him before the meeting. I’ll talk to you later. Mr. Hermawan : Sure. See you. C. Speaking With your partner, complete the dialogues below with the expressions you have learned and practice speaking them out. 1. Situation : You meet a friend of yours, Baskara, in the street. You : Hi, Baska. …………………….. Baskara : ………………………………… You : ………………………………… Baskara : ………………………………… 2. You meet your English teacher, Mr. Firdaus, in a book store. It’s 4 pm. You : …………………………., Mr. Firdaus. Mr. Firdaus : …………………., ……………………? You : ………………………………………… Mr. Firdaus : Are you going to buy some books? You : ………………………………………… Mr. Firdaus : …………………………………………. You : ………………………………………… 3. Mr. Iskandar : Good morning, Baskara. How are you? Baskara : ……………………, ……………………..? Mr. Iskandar : ……………………….. How is your family? Baskara : ……………………….., thank you. Mr. Iskandar : I’m sorry, but I really have to go now. It’s been nice talking to you
  • 80. 76 Baskara : ……………………… See you some time. Mr. Iskandar : ……………………………… 4. Renata : Hi, Lita. Talita : ……………………, ……………….? Renata : ……………………. And you? Talita : ……………………. How’s work? Renata : ……………………… Would you like to have a cup of tea? Talita : I’d love to but …………………….. I have a lot work to do. I’ll call you this afternoon. Renata : ……………………. Take care. Talita : Thanks. You too. D. Role Play Compose a dialogue based on the situation below. Then, act it out before the class. You are at the bus stop, waiting for a bus to take you home from school. You meet an old friend of yours, Rima. You say hello to her and ask her about her school. In the middle of the conversation you see the bus coming. You say good bye to Rima and wish that you will see her again soon.
  • 81. 77 Lesson XIII Telling Past Experiences In the free time, the top eight leisure-time activities are reading, watching tv, spending time with family, fishing, gardening, playing sports, going to the movies, spending times with friends. A. Expressions 1. Where did you go this weekend? 2. Who did you meet at the party? 3. What time did you and Eva get home? 4. How did you and Bob like the art exhibition? 5. What did you buy? 6. Where did Jeff and Joyce spend their vacation? 7. What did you do yesterday? B. Model dialogues Rick : so, what did you do last weekend, Meg? Meg : oh, I had a great time. I went to a karaoke bar and sang with some friends on Sunday. Rick : that sounds like fun. Did you go to Lucky’s? Meg : no, we didn’t. We went to that new place downtown. How about you? Did you go to anywhere? Rick : no, I didn’t go anywhere all weekend. I just stayed home and studied for today’s Spanish Test. Meg : Our Spanish test is today? I forgot all about that! Rick : Don’t worry. You always get an A. Celia : Hi, don. How was your vacation? Don : it was excellent! I went to Hawaii with my cousin. We had a great a time.
  • 82. 78 Celia : lucky you. How long were you there? Don : about a week. Celia : fantastic! Was the weather OK? Don : not really. It was couldy most of the time. But we went surfing every day. The waves were amazing. Celia : so, what was the best thing about the trip? Don : well, something incredible happened. You won’t believe it. C. Speaking 1. Work in pairs and complete these questions in this conversation. A : how did you spend your weekend? B : I spent the weekend with Joe and Kathy. A : what ? B : well, on Saturday, A : and, in the evening ? B : no, nothing special. A : where on Sunday? B : A : how ? B : we had a great time. In fact, A : really? What time ? B : we got home very late, 2. Work in pairs. Answer these questions with negative statements. A : we had a great time at Carrie’s party. Did you and Jane enjoy it? B : C : I stayed home from work all day yesterday. Did you take the day off, too? B :
  • 83. 79 D : I worked all weekend on my research paper. Did you spend the weekend at home, too? B : E : I studied all weekend. Did you and John have a lot of homework, too? B : F : Carl drove me to work yesterday morning. Did you drive to work? B : G : Kathy went to the baseball game last night. Did you and Bob go to the game? B : D. Role Play 1. Take turns. One student makes a statement about the weekend. Other students ask questions. Each student answers at least four question. 2. Share to your friend about your memorable moments in front of the class, and answer the questions which are given by your friends.
  • 84. 80 Bibliography Alexander, L. G., 1975. Practice and Progress. Longman. Alexander, L.G translated by Dra. Sri W. Soegondho. 1992. Ready for English Grammar Jilid 1. Jakarta: Erlangga Azar, Betty S. 1989. Understanding and Using English Grammar. Prentice Hall. _________. 1992. Fundamentals of English Grammar. Prentice hall. Davies, Evelyn., Whitney, Norman. 1981. Reasons forReading. Heinemann Educational Books. DeFillipo, Judy and Skidmore, Charles. 1991. Skill Sharpeners 1, 2, 3. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Echols, John M., and Shadily, Hasan. 1997. Kamus Inggris Indonesia. Jakarta: Gramedia. __________. 1998. Kamus Inggris – Indonesia. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama. English 900, Macmillan, London. Frank, Marcella. 1972. Modern English: a practical reference guide. Englewood Cliffs, Newjersey: Prentice Hall Inc. Hornby, A.S. 1999. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary.Oxford. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memorandum http://esl.about.com/ http://www.eslgames.com/edutainment/games.html http://www.lombokkomodo.com/lombok-flightschedule.htm http://www.richardcmoeur.com/trafficsigns.htm http://www.savvy-business-correspondence.com/BusinessMemos.html http://www.signcenterinc.com/ http://www.umw.edu/policies/style guide/letter styles
  • 85. STBA Pertiwi Jl. Beringin Raya 16, Perum Karawaci 2015
  • 86. JADWAL PERKULIAHAN STBA PERTIWI KAMPUS TANGERANG SEMESTER II TERM 1 TA. 2015-2016 KELAS KARYAWAN TERM 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 12,03 18,03 19,03 02,04 09,04 10,04 16,04 23,04 24,04 30,04 01,05 14,05 15,05 21,05 1 08,00 - 09,30 Pancasila MFJ * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 2 09,30 - 11,00 Grammar 2 RAM * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 3 11,00 - 12,30 Vocabulary 2 DHW * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 4 13,30 - 15,00 Comp. App. PAN * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 5 15,00 - 16,30 Composition 2 MIF * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 6 16,30 - 18,00 Reading 2 AHM * * * * * * * * * * * * * FINAL kelas tambahan dapat disesuaikan sesuai kesepakatan antara dosen dan mahasiswa JADWAL PERKULIAHAN STBA PERTIWI KAMPUS TANGERANG SEMESTER IV TERM 1 TA. 2015-2016 KELAS KARYAWAN ` TERM 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 12,03 18,03 19,03 02,04 09,04 10,04 16,04 23,04 24,04 30,04 01,05 14,05 15,05 21,05 1 08,00 - 09,30 Morphology SEP * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 2 09,30 - 11,00 Grammar 4 DHW * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 3 11,00 - 12,30 Composition 4 RAM * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 4 13,30 - 15,00 CCU MAR * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 5 15,00 - 16,30 Reading 4 AHM * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 6 16,30 - 18,00 TOEIC Prep. MIF * * * * * * * * * * * * * FINAL kelas tambahan dapat disesuaikan sesuai kesepakatan antara dosen dan mahasiswa ISTIRAHAT ISTIRAHAT No Waktu Mata Kuliah DS ROOM Pertemuan ke/ Tanggal No Waktu Mata Kuliah DS ROOM Pertemuan ke/ Tanggal
  • 87. JADWAL PERKULIAHAN STBA PERTIWI KAMPUS TANGERANG SEMESTER VI TERM 1 TA. 2015-2016 KELAS KARYAWAN ` TERM 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 12,03 18,03 19,03 02,04 09,04 10,04 16,04 23,04 24,04 30,04 01,05 14,05 15,05 21,05 1 08,00 - 09,30 Micro Teaching RAM * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 2 09,30 - 11,00 Sociolingusitics SEP * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 3 11,00 - 12,30 Public Speaking PAN * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 4 13,30 - 15,00 Literary Criticism ANJ * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 5 15,00 - 16,30 Literary Criticism ANJ * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 6 16,30 - 18,00 Lang Teach Meth MAR * * * * * * * * * * * * * FINAL kelas tambahan dapat disesuaikan sesuai kesepakatan antara dosen dan mahasiswa TANGERANG, 7 MARET 2016 MAR = Muhammad Ariyudha Rio, S.Pd. ANJ = Akhmad Nurjanna, M. Pd. SEP = Sundaru Eko Putro, S.S. PAN = Priska Aprilianty N.F., S. Pd. RAM = Rifki Amin, M. Pd. MFJ = Mas Fierna Janvierna, S. Pd. AHM = Ahmad Muftihadi, S. Ag. DHW = Dedi Herawadi, S.Pd., MM. MIF = Mohammad Iqbal F., M.Hum ISTIRAHAT M. Ariyudha Rio S., S.Pd. No Waktu Mata Kuliah DS ROOM Pertemuan ke/ Tanggal
  • 88. JADWAL PERKULIAHAN STBA PERTIWI KAMPUS TANGERANG SEMESTER II TERM 2 TA. 2015-2016 KELAS KARYAWAN TERM 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 11,06 18,06 19,06 25,06 23,07 24,07 30,07 31,07 06,08 07,08 13,08 14,08 20,08 27,08 1 08,00 - 09,30 Hislet* SEP * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 2 09,30 - 11,00 Conversation PAN/RAM * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 3 11,00 - 12,30 Phonology MIF * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 4 13,30 - 15,00 Indonesian Culture DHW * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 5 15,00 - 16,30 Bahasa Indonesia DHW * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 6 16,30 - 18,00 * * * * * * * * * * * * * FINAL * Hislet = History of English Literature kelas tambahan dapat disesuaikan sesuai kesepakatan antara dosen dan mahasiswa JADWAL PERKULIAHAN STBA PERTIWI KAMPUS TANGERANG SEMESTER IV TERM 2 TA. 2015-2016 KELAS KARYAWAN ` TERM 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 11,06 18,06 19,06 25,06 23,07 24,07 30,07 31,07 06,08 07,08 13,08 14,08 20,08 27,08 1 08,00 - 09,30 Listening 3 RAM09,00 - 10,00 09,00 - 10,00 09,00 - 10,00 09,00 - 10,00 * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 2 09,30 - 11,00 Translation 2 MIF10,00 - 11,00 10,00 - 11,00 10,00 - 11,00 10,00 - 11,00 * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 3 11,00 - 12,30 Drama PAN11,00 - 12,00 11,00 - 12,00 11,00 - 12,00 11,00 - 12,00 * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 4 13,30 - 15,00 Business English 1 ANJ12,30 - 13,30 12,30 - 13,30 12,30 - 13,30 12,30 - 13,30 * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 5 15,00 - 16,30 Conversation 4 MAR13,30 - 14,30 13,30 - 14,30 13,30 - 14,30 13,30 - 14,30 * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 6 16,30 - 18,00 * * * * * * * * * * * * * FINAL ISTIRAHAT ISTIRAHAT No Waktu Mata Kuliah DS ROOM Pertemuan ke/ Tanggal No Waktu Mata Kuliah DS ROOM Pertemuan ke/ Tanggal
  • 89. JADWAL PERKULIAHAN STBA PERTIWI KAMPUS TANGERANG SEMESTER VI TERM 2 TA. 2015-2016 KELAS KARYAWAN ` TERM 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 11,06 18,06 19,06 25,06 23,07 24,07 30,07 31,07 06,08 07,08 13,08 14,08 20,08 27,08 1 08,00 - 09,30 Semantics MIF * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 2 09,30 - 11,00 American Cult. Std. SEP * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 3 11,00 - 12,30 Interpreting RAM * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 4 13,30 - 15,00 Reading 6 MAR * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 5 15,00 - 16,30 Hist. of Modrn. Phil. ANJ * * * * * * MID * * * * * * FINAL 6 16,30 - 18,00 * * * * * * * * * * * * * FINAL kelas tambahan dapat disesuaikan sesuai kesepakatan antara dosen dan mahasiswa TANGERANG, 1 MEI 2016 MAR = Muhammad Ariyudha Rio, S.Pd. ANJ = Akhmad Nurjanna, M. Pd. SEP = Sundaru Eko Putro, S.S. PAN = Priska Aprilianty N.F., S. Pd. RAM = Rifki Amin, M. Pd. MIF = Mohammad Iqbal F., M.Hum DHW = Dedi Herawadi, S.Pd., MM. ISTIRAHAT M. Ariyudha Rio S., S.Pd. No Waktu Mata Kuliah DS ROOM Pertemuan ke/ Tanggal