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“To assist, promote and educate
our community in soil and water
conservation.”
Converging Ag
Drainage with Water
Quality
Mike Libben
District Program
Administrator
mike.libben@ottawaswcd.com
Joe Uhinck
Wildlife Specialist
joe.uhinck@ottawaswcd.com
“ARTS”
Agricultural
Retention
Treatment
System
Wetlands and Farmland
living in harmony!
Where are we?
LAKE ERIE WATERSHED VERSUS
OHIO RIVER WATERSHED
Ohio’s Drainage
Ohio’s Drainage
Great Black Swamp
• Vast Impenetrable Swamp,
led to the naval battles in
Lake Erie during
revolutionary war and War
of 1812
• Contained elk, wolves,
eastern cougars, black
bears and many other
extirpated species
• Native Americans lived off
the bounty of fish, fowl,
game, and rice in the
marshes
Ohio’s Drainage
 1840 - First road from Perrysburg to Fremont
 Tree clearing Oak timbers shipped overseas (Oak
Harbor), records note “smoky days”
 50 tile manufacturers and invention of “Buckeye
Trencher”
 Wood County survey in 1890 – 16,000 miles of
ditch
 Agriculture, oil exploration, timber
Draining of the Wetlands
• Ohio has lost 90% of
it’s historical
wetlands
• Great Black Swamp
was 950,000 acres
• Only ~30,000 acres of
coastal marsh remain
• Winous Point – 5000
acres
• 2/3 agency, 1/3
private clubs –
agency lands were all
once in 10 -15 private
clubs
 Introductions of European (Common) Carp beginning in 1883 to try and establish
a fishery
 Agricultural clearing greatly intensified sediment loads
 SAV disappeared first
 Natural lake storms began to rapidly erode the emergent vegetation
Continued Degradation of Wetlands
Winous Point Marsh Conservancy 2023
Photo: NOAA Satellite Image
October 9, 2011
Lake Erie Stats
• Drinking water for 11 million people
• Over 20 power plants
• Power production is greatest water use
• 300 marinas in Ohio alone
• Walleye Capital of the World
• 40% of all Great Lakes charter boats
• Ohio’s charter boat industry in largest in North America
• $1.5 billion sport fishery
• One of top 10 sport fishing locations in the world
• The most valuable freshwater commercial fishery in the
world
• Coastal county tourism value is over $10 billion
Western Lake Erie Watershed
4,938,000 Acres
3,752,880 Acres Cropland (76%)
75% Cropland Is Corn Or
Soybeans In Any Given Year
3372 T
1007 T
2000 T

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Converging Ag Drainage with Water Quality Pt. 1

  • 1. “To assist, promote and educate our community in soil and water conservation.”
  • 2. Converging Ag Drainage with Water Quality Mike Libben District Program Administrator mike.libben@ottawaswcd.com Joe Uhinck Wildlife Specialist joe.uhinck@ottawaswcd.com
  • 6. LAKE ERIE WATERSHED VERSUS OHIO RIVER WATERSHED
  • 7.
  • 10. Great Black Swamp • Vast Impenetrable Swamp, led to the naval battles in Lake Erie during revolutionary war and War of 1812 • Contained elk, wolves, eastern cougars, black bears and many other extirpated species • Native Americans lived off the bounty of fish, fowl, game, and rice in the marshes
  • 11. Ohio’s Drainage  1840 - First road from Perrysburg to Fremont  Tree clearing Oak timbers shipped overseas (Oak Harbor), records note “smoky days”  50 tile manufacturers and invention of “Buckeye Trencher”  Wood County survey in 1890 – 16,000 miles of ditch  Agriculture, oil exploration, timber
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17. Draining of the Wetlands • Ohio has lost 90% of it’s historical wetlands • Great Black Swamp was 950,000 acres • Only ~30,000 acres of coastal marsh remain • Winous Point – 5000 acres • 2/3 agency, 1/3 private clubs – agency lands were all once in 10 -15 private clubs
  • 18.  Introductions of European (Common) Carp beginning in 1883 to try and establish a fishery  Agricultural clearing greatly intensified sediment loads  SAV disappeared first  Natural lake storms began to rapidly erode the emergent vegetation Continued Degradation of Wetlands
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21.
  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25. Winous Point Marsh Conservancy 2023
  • 26.
  • 27. Photo: NOAA Satellite Image October 9, 2011
  • 28.
  • 29. Lake Erie Stats • Drinking water for 11 million people • Over 20 power plants • Power production is greatest water use • 300 marinas in Ohio alone • Walleye Capital of the World • 40% of all Great Lakes charter boats • Ohio’s charter boat industry in largest in North America • $1.5 billion sport fishery • One of top 10 sport fishing locations in the world • The most valuable freshwater commercial fishery in the world • Coastal county tourism value is over $10 billion
  • 30.
  • 31. Western Lake Erie Watershed 4,938,000 Acres 3,752,880 Acres Cropland (76%) 75% Cropland Is Corn Or Soybeans In Any Given Year