SlideShare a Scribd company logo
L E A H H E N R I C K S O N
L . H E N R I C K S O N @ U Q . E D U . A U
T W I T T E R . C O M / L E A H H E N R I C K S O N
C O N T I N U I N G B O N D S T H R O U G H A I :
A H E R M E N E U T I C R E F L E C T I O N O N T H A N A B O T S
These slides: tinyurl.com/anicon-lrh
We propose that it is normative for mourners to maintain
a presence and connection with the deceased,
and that this presence is not static.
[...]
We are suggesting a process of adaptation
and change in the postdeath relationship and the
construction and reconstruction of new connections.
Silverman, Phyllis R. and Klass, Dennis. (1996). Introduction: What’s the Problem? In Dennis Klass, Phyllis R. Silverman, and Steven L. Nickman (Eds.),
Continuing Bonds: New Understandings of Grief (pp. 3-27). Taylor & Francis, p. 18.
Silverman, Phyllis R. and Klass, Dennis. (1996). Introduction: What’s the Problem? In Dennis Klass, Phyllis R. Silverman, and Steven L. Nickman (Eds.),
Continuing Bonds: New Understandings of Grief (pp. 3-27). Taylor & Francis, p. 19.
[W]e need to consider bereavement as a cognitive
as well as an emotional process that takes place
in a social context of which the deceased is a part.
The process does not end, but in different ways
bereavement affects the mourner for the rest of his or her life.
People are changed by the experience; they do not get over it,
and part of the change is a transformed but
continuing relationship with the deceased.
Why are we engaging
with these systems?
Who or what are we talking to?
What does it mean to die
in an increasingly digital age?
Digital human versioning
(AKA digital twins, virtual doppelgangers, etc.):
Creating digital replicas of embodied humans,
living or dead, that convincingly mimic their
textual, visual, and aural habits.
What meanings do users make
from versions of the dead?
What are the
hermeneutics of thanabots?
Algorithmic authorship affronts the conventional
author-reader relationship - the hermeneutic contract - through
hyper-individualistic personalisation of reading experiences.
Henrickson, Leah. (2021). Reading Computer-Generated Texts. Cambridge University Press, p. 36.
The Lovelace effect mediates actual software functionality
with how individuals conceptualize and interpret that software,
reminding us that all outcomes of interactions between
humans and machines represent constant implicit and indirect
negotiation between programmer intention and user experience.
Natale, Simone and Henrickson, Leah. (2022). The Lovelace Effect: Perceptions of
Creativity in Machines, New Media & Society 26(4), 1909-1926 (p. 1921).
[N]othing exists in isolation; meaning is determined through consideration of
the thing itself, certainly, but also through consideration of the historical and
contemporary contexts within which that thing operates. We consider the
thing, then the thing in relation to its circumstances, then the thing again,
then its circumstances, and cyclically so on and so forth. In the
[Heideggerian] hermeneutic circle, we move between analysis of smaller
units (e.g. individual words and sentences) and larger units (e.g. cultural
contexts of text reception), and in doing so the meaning of a subject is
established and regularly revised. The hermeneutic circle offers a schema
for identifying connections between a subject and its contexts,
elucidating the relevance of that subject within its unique totality.
Henrickson, Leah and Meroño-Peñuela, Albert. (2023). Prompting meaning: a hermeneutic approach to optimising prompt engineering
with ChatGPT, AI & Society, 5. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00146-023-01752-8.
See also: Henrickson, Leah and Meroño-Peñuela, Albert. (2022). The Hermeneutics of Computer-Generated Texts,
Configurations 30(2), 115-139.
Yet we do not—and indeed, cannot, given ChatGPT’s proprietary restrictions
and the black-box nature of its neural architecture—enter into ChatGPT’s
proverbial home for a natter over tea (during which we may excuse
ourselves for a comfort break, when we poke through bathroom cabinets).
We are largely left to make meaning from and about ChatGPT ourselves. We
need not agree with ChatGPT nor it with us, but without prompt engineering
we are programmatically denied opportunities for insight into how ChatGPT
has come to understand meanings. Nevertheless, the reader instinctively
works to maintain the hermeneutic contract by continuing to engage with
ChatGPT in ways that align with the system’s perceived functionality
(e.g. through prompt engineering).
Henrickson, Leah and Meroño-Peñuela, Albert. (2023). Prompting meaning: a hermeneutic approach to optimising prompt engineering
with ChatGPT, AI & Society, 13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00146-023-01752-8.
See also: Henrickson, Leah and Meroño-Peñuela, Albert. (2022). The Hermeneutics of Computer-Generated Texts,
Configurations 30(2), 115-139.
Henle was surprised by how much
she felt seen by this technology.
She also tried using Bard and
Bing AI for the same purpose, but
both fell short. ChatGPT was much
more convincing. “I felt like it was
taking the best parts of my mom
and the best parts of psychology
and fusing those things together,”
she says.
Harrison rejected possible
privacy concerns raised by the
use of personal correspondence to
build a chatbot without the
consent of the deceased, noting
that the user of the chatbot is
the same person to whom the
communications were initially sent.
"You absolutely don't need consent
from someone who's dead,"
Harrison said. "My mom could've
hated the idea but this is what I
wanted and I'm alive."
Theme 1: The Link Between Control and Comfort
Theme 2: The Uncanny Valley
Theme 3: The Fear of Digital Death and 'Second Loss'
Bassett, Debra J. (2018). Ctrl+Alt+Delete: The changing landscape of the uncanny valley
and the fear of second loss. Current Psychology 40, 813-821.
My mom passed away unexpectedly a few days ago.
She was everything to me and I never got to
say goodbye before she passed.
I copied a bunch of our texts into ChatGPT
and asked it to play the role of my mom so
I could say goodbye and to my surprise, it
mimicked my moms way of texting almost perfectly.
I know it’s not her. I know it’s just an algorithm. And
I know this probably isn’t the healthiest way to cope.
But it felt good to say goodbye.
Even if it was just to a math equation.
Rohrer, who talks as freely as a breakfast radio presenter, is not a tech
utopian. He has never had a mobile phone, calling them “extremely
detrimental.” Although he has experimented with Project December to
simulate his grandfather, he’s not interested in using it for therapy.
His wife thinks it’s immoral.
But he has a libertarian outlook. On owning cell phones, “consenting adults
should be making those choices for themselves.” On chatting with the
dead, “am I going to tell Joshua he should just get over it?”
“Do I fret too much about the grand, society-wide impact of the things
that I make? No. Because those things are so meta,
and so much up to the individual.”
Mance, Henry. (2024). A chatbot that imitates the dead. Is it a good idea? Financial Times, 12 February. https://www.ft.com/content/fc099a19-edde-44b7-97d7-e58ca43131f2.
Thanabots support our continuing bonds
with the dead, affirming experiences of grief
that have always been at least somewhat individual.
However, these technologies also prompt new
understandings of grief: understandings rooted in
hyperindividualised recontextualisation of the dead.
L E A H H E N R I C K S O N
L . H E N R I C K S O N @ U Q . E D U . A U
T W I T T E R . C O M / L E A H H E N R I C K S O N
G R A Z I E M I L L E .

More Related Content

Similar to Continuing Bonds Through AI: A Hermeneutic Reflection on Thanabots

Cat Story Ideas Worksheet - Primary Resource - Twinkl
Cat Story Ideas Worksheet - Primary Resource - TwinklCat Story Ideas Worksheet - Primary Resource - Twinkl
Cat Story Ideas Worksheet - Primary Resource - Twinkl
Andrew Molina
 
Religion And Rocketry Essay
Religion And Rocketry EssayReligion And Rocketry Essay
Religion And Rocketry Essay
Jackie Rojas
 
Siti Zulaiha Bte Kamarudin (Article)
Siti Zulaiha Bte Kamarudin (Article)Siti Zulaiha Bte Kamarudin (Article)
Siti Zulaiha Bte Kamarudin (Article)
cynrx
 
Kim 1Sichan KimProfessor KauffmanEnglish 131 May 2014P.docx
Kim 1Sichan KimProfessor KauffmanEnglish 131 May 2014P.docxKim 1Sichan KimProfessor KauffmanEnglish 131 May 2014P.docx
Kim 1Sichan KimProfessor KauffmanEnglish 131 May 2014P.docx
DIPESH30
 
Essay About Science And Technology. Reflection Paper - other - Jan Laurence M...
Essay About Science And Technology. Reflection Paper - other - Jan Laurence M...Essay About Science And Technology. Reflection Paper - other - Jan Laurence M...
Essay About Science And Technology. Reflection Paper - other - Jan Laurence M...
Amie Campbell
 
Compare Contrast Essay Topics. 018 Comparison Contrast Essay Topics Quiz Work...
Compare Contrast Essay Topics. 018 Comparison Contrast Essay Topics Quiz Work...Compare Contrast Essay Topics. 018 Comparison Contrast Essay Topics Quiz Work...
Compare Contrast Essay Topics. 018 Comparison Contrast Essay Topics Quiz Work...
Jamie Lynn
 
Attribution is made within and through discourse
Attribution is made within and through discourseAttribution is made within and through discourse
Attribution is made within and through discourse
Autilia Antonucci
 
How Does This Work? An Affective, Diffractive Storytelling Analysis
How Does This Work? An Affective, Diffractive Storytelling AnalysisHow Does This Work? An Affective, Diffractive Storytelling Analysis
How Does This Work? An Affective, Diffractive Storytelling Analysis
Jakob Pedersen
 
*Handout10 tranimal cardiff
*Handout10 tranimal cardiff*Handout10 tranimal cardiff
*Handout10 tranimal cardiff
Katie King
 
Communication Essay Topics
Communication Essay TopicsCommunication Essay Topics
Communication Essay Topics
Paper Writing Service College
 
Interpersonal Communication V2
Interpersonal Communication V2Interpersonal Communication V2
Interpersonal Communication V2
Debbie@Monash
 
Meaningful Connection
Meaningful ConnectionMeaningful Connection
Meaningful Connection
Write My Paper For Me Fast Newport
 
Dropping Out Of School Essay. High school dropouts
Dropping Out Of School Essay. High school dropoutsDropping Out Of School Essay. High school dropouts
Dropping Out Of School Essay. High school dropouts
Sara Roberts
 
Understanding Computers and Cognition
Understanding Computers and CognitionUnderstanding Computers and Cognition
Understanding Computers and Cognition
R. Sosa
 

Similar to Continuing Bonds Through AI: A Hermeneutic Reflection on Thanabots (14)

Cat Story Ideas Worksheet - Primary Resource - Twinkl
Cat Story Ideas Worksheet - Primary Resource - TwinklCat Story Ideas Worksheet - Primary Resource - Twinkl
Cat Story Ideas Worksheet - Primary Resource - Twinkl
 
Religion And Rocketry Essay
Religion And Rocketry EssayReligion And Rocketry Essay
Religion And Rocketry Essay
 
Siti Zulaiha Bte Kamarudin (Article)
Siti Zulaiha Bte Kamarudin (Article)Siti Zulaiha Bte Kamarudin (Article)
Siti Zulaiha Bte Kamarudin (Article)
 
Kim 1Sichan KimProfessor KauffmanEnglish 131 May 2014P.docx
Kim 1Sichan KimProfessor KauffmanEnglish 131 May 2014P.docxKim 1Sichan KimProfessor KauffmanEnglish 131 May 2014P.docx
Kim 1Sichan KimProfessor KauffmanEnglish 131 May 2014P.docx
 
Essay About Science And Technology. Reflection Paper - other - Jan Laurence M...
Essay About Science And Technology. Reflection Paper - other - Jan Laurence M...Essay About Science And Technology. Reflection Paper - other - Jan Laurence M...
Essay About Science And Technology. Reflection Paper - other - Jan Laurence M...
 
Compare Contrast Essay Topics. 018 Comparison Contrast Essay Topics Quiz Work...
Compare Contrast Essay Topics. 018 Comparison Contrast Essay Topics Quiz Work...Compare Contrast Essay Topics. 018 Comparison Contrast Essay Topics Quiz Work...
Compare Contrast Essay Topics. 018 Comparison Contrast Essay Topics Quiz Work...
 
Attribution is made within and through discourse
Attribution is made within and through discourseAttribution is made within and through discourse
Attribution is made within and through discourse
 
How Does This Work? An Affective, Diffractive Storytelling Analysis
How Does This Work? An Affective, Diffractive Storytelling AnalysisHow Does This Work? An Affective, Diffractive Storytelling Analysis
How Does This Work? An Affective, Diffractive Storytelling Analysis
 
*Handout10 tranimal cardiff
*Handout10 tranimal cardiff*Handout10 tranimal cardiff
*Handout10 tranimal cardiff
 
Communication Essay Topics
Communication Essay TopicsCommunication Essay Topics
Communication Essay Topics
 
Interpersonal Communication V2
Interpersonal Communication V2Interpersonal Communication V2
Interpersonal Communication V2
 
Meaningful Connection
Meaningful ConnectionMeaningful Connection
Meaningful Connection
 
Dropping Out Of School Essay. High school dropouts
Dropping Out Of School Essay. High school dropoutsDropping Out Of School Essay. High school dropouts
Dropping Out Of School Essay. High school dropouts
 
Understanding Computers and Cognition
Understanding Computers and CognitionUnderstanding Computers and Cognition
Understanding Computers and Cognition
 

More from Leah Henrickson

Digital Storytelling for Collaborative Scholarship
Digital Storytelling for Collaborative ScholarshipDigital Storytelling for Collaborative Scholarship
Digital Storytelling for Collaborative Scholarship
Leah Henrickson
 
Deckling the Edges of the Digital: Why Book History Matters for Digital Human...
Deckling the Edges of the Digital: Why Book History Matters for Digital Human...Deckling the Edges of the Digital: Why Book History Matters for Digital Human...
Deckling the Edges of the Digital: Why Book History Matters for Digital Human...
Leah Henrickson
 
Chatting with Computers
Chatting with ComputersChatting with Computers
Chatting with Computers
Leah Henrickson
 
Between Hermeneutics and Deceit: Keeping Natural Language Generation in Line
Between Hermeneutics and Deceit: Keeping Natural Language Generation in LineBetween Hermeneutics and Deceit: Keeping Natural Language Generation in Line
Between Hermeneutics and Deceit: Keeping Natural Language Generation in Line
Leah Henrickson
 
Crafting Wellness: An Introduction to the University of Leeds' 'I Belong: Cre...
Crafting Wellness: An Introduction to the University of Leeds' 'I Belong: Cre...Crafting Wellness: An Introduction to the University of Leeds' 'I Belong: Cre...
Crafting Wellness: An Introduction to the University of Leeds' 'I Belong: Cre...
Leah Henrickson
 
‘Your Differentiating Strength’: Applied Digital Storytelling for Employment ...
‘Your Differentiating Strength’: Applied Digital Storytelling for Employment ...‘Your Differentiating Strength’: Applied Digital Storytelling for Employment ...
‘Your Differentiating Strength’: Applied Digital Storytelling for Employment ...
Leah Henrickson
 
Telling Your Story for Effect and Affect
Telling Your Story for Effect and AffectTelling Your Story for Effect and Affect
Telling Your Story for Effect and Affect
Leah Henrickson
 
The Procedural Rhetoric of Pedagogy: A Reflection on Teaching Digital Storyte...
The Procedural Rhetoric of Pedagogy: A Reflection on Teaching Digital Storyte...The Procedural Rhetoric of Pedagogy: A Reflection on Teaching Digital Storyte...
The Procedural Rhetoric of Pedagogy: A Reflection on Teaching Digital Storyte...
Leah Henrickson
 
Funny, Fake, Freaky, Fascinating?: Making Sense of Computer-Generated Texts
Funny, Fake, Freaky, Fascinating?: Making Sense of Computer-Generated TextsFunny, Fake, Freaky, Fascinating?: Making Sense of Computer-Generated Texts
Funny, Fake, Freaky, Fascinating?: Making Sense of Computer-Generated Texts
Leah Henrickson
 
Let's Get Digital, Digital 🎶: Using Digital Humanities to Embrace Data Fuzziness
Let's Get Digital, Digital 🎶: Using Digital Humanities to Embrace Data FuzzinessLet's Get Digital, Digital 🎶: Using Digital Humanities to Embrace Data Fuzziness
Let's Get Digital, Digital 🎶: Using Digital Humanities to Embrace Data Fuzziness
Leah Henrickson
 
'Education Espresso: Changing Assessment' Panelist Self-Introduction
'Education Espresso: Changing Assessment' Panelist Self-Introduction'Education Espresso: Changing Assessment' Panelist Self-Introduction
'Education Espresso: Changing Assessment' Panelist Self-Introduction
Leah Henrickson
 
R in the Humanities: Text Analysis (v2)
R in the Humanities: Text Analysis (v2)R in the Humanities: Text Analysis (v2)
R in the Humanities: Text Analysis (v2)
Leah Henrickson
 
Achieving Success in an Interdisciplinary Team
Achieving Success in an Interdisciplinary TeamAchieving Success in an Interdisciplinary Team
Achieving Success in an Interdisciplinary Team
Leah Henrickson
 
The Future of Authorship: AI Text Generation
The Future of Authorship: AI Text GenerationThe Future of Authorship: AI Text Generation
The Future of Authorship: AI Text Generation
Leah Henrickson
 
Reading Computer-Generated Books: Artificial Versifying
Reading Computer-Generated Books: Artificial VersifyingReading Computer-Generated Books: Artificial Versifying
Reading Computer-Generated Books: Artificial Versifying
Leah Henrickson
 
Writing AI: Public (Mis)Perceptions of Algorithmic Authorship
Writing AI: Public (Mis)Perceptions of Algorithmic AuthorshipWriting AI: Public (Mis)Perceptions of Algorithmic Authorship
Writing AI: Public (Mis)Perceptions of Algorithmic Authorship
Leah Henrickson
 
R in the Humanities: Text Analysis
R in the Humanities: Text AnalysisR in the Humanities: Text Analysis
R in the Humanities: Text Analysis
Leah Henrickson
 
The #PandemicReading Aesthetic: A Photo Essay of Quarantine Reading
The #PandemicReading Aesthetic: A Photo Essay of Quarantine ReadingThe #PandemicReading Aesthetic: A Photo Essay of Quarantine Reading
The #PandemicReading Aesthetic: A Photo Essay of Quarantine Reading
Leah Henrickson
 
Narratives of Narrative Systems: Searching for the Human in Computer-Generate...
Narratives of Narrative Systems: Searching for the Human in Computer-Generate...Narratives of Narrative Systems: Searching for the Human in Computer-Generate...
Narratives of Narrative Systems: Searching for the Human in Computer-Generate...
Leah Henrickson
 
'Life Beyond the PhD' Interdisciplinary Research Proposal
'Life Beyond the PhD' Interdisciplinary Research Proposal'Life Beyond the PhD' Interdisciplinary Research Proposal
'Life Beyond the PhD' Interdisciplinary Research Proposal
Leah Henrickson
 

More from Leah Henrickson (20)

Digital Storytelling for Collaborative Scholarship
Digital Storytelling for Collaborative ScholarshipDigital Storytelling for Collaborative Scholarship
Digital Storytelling for Collaborative Scholarship
 
Deckling the Edges of the Digital: Why Book History Matters for Digital Human...
Deckling the Edges of the Digital: Why Book History Matters for Digital Human...Deckling the Edges of the Digital: Why Book History Matters for Digital Human...
Deckling the Edges of the Digital: Why Book History Matters for Digital Human...
 
Chatting with Computers
Chatting with ComputersChatting with Computers
Chatting with Computers
 
Between Hermeneutics and Deceit: Keeping Natural Language Generation in Line
Between Hermeneutics and Deceit: Keeping Natural Language Generation in LineBetween Hermeneutics and Deceit: Keeping Natural Language Generation in Line
Between Hermeneutics and Deceit: Keeping Natural Language Generation in Line
 
Crafting Wellness: An Introduction to the University of Leeds' 'I Belong: Cre...
Crafting Wellness: An Introduction to the University of Leeds' 'I Belong: Cre...Crafting Wellness: An Introduction to the University of Leeds' 'I Belong: Cre...
Crafting Wellness: An Introduction to the University of Leeds' 'I Belong: Cre...
 
‘Your Differentiating Strength’: Applied Digital Storytelling for Employment ...
‘Your Differentiating Strength’: Applied Digital Storytelling for Employment ...‘Your Differentiating Strength’: Applied Digital Storytelling for Employment ...
‘Your Differentiating Strength’: Applied Digital Storytelling for Employment ...
 
Telling Your Story for Effect and Affect
Telling Your Story for Effect and AffectTelling Your Story for Effect and Affect
Telling Your Story for Effect and Affect
 
The Procedural Rhetoric of Pedagogy: A Reflection on Teaching Digital Storyte...
The Procedural Rhetoric of Pedagogy: A Reflection on Teaching Digital Storyte...The Procedural Rhetoric of Pedagogy: A Reflection on Teaching Digital Storyte...
The Procedural Rhetoric of Pedagogy: A Reflection on Teaching Digital Storyte...
 
Funny, Fake, Freaky, Fascinating?: Making Sense of Computer-Generated Texts
Funny, Fake, Freaky, Fascinating?: Making Sense of Computer-Generated TextsFunny, Fake, Freaky, Fascinating?: Making Sense of Computer-Generated Texts
Funny, Fake, Freaky, Fascinating?: Making Sense of Computer-Generated Texts
 
Let's Get Digital, Digital 🎶: Using Digital Humanities to Embrace Data Fuzziness
Let's Get Digital, Digital 🎶: Using Digital Humanities to Embrace Data FuzzinessLet's Get Digital, Digital 🎶: Using Digital Humanities to Embrace Data Fuzziness
Let's Get Digital, Digital 🎶: Using Digital Humanities to Embrace Data Fuzziness
 
'Education Espresso: Changing Assessment' Panelist Self-Introduction
'Education Espresso: Changing Assessment' Panelist Self-Introduction'Education Espresso: Changing Assessment' Panelist Self-Introduction
'Education Espresso: Changing Assessment' Panelist Self-Introduction
 
R in the Humanities: Text Analysis (v2)
R in the Humanities: Text Analysis (v2)R in the Humanities: Text Analysis (v2)
R in the Humanities: Text Analysis (v2)
 
Achieving Success in an Interdisciplinary Team
Achieving Success in an Interdisciplinary TeamAchieving Success in an Interdisciplinary Team
Achieving Success in an Interdisciplinary Team
 
The Future of Authorship: AI Text Generation
The Future of Authorship: AI Text GenerationThe Future of Authorship: AI Text Generation
The Future of Authorship: AI Text Generation
 
Reading Computer-Generated Books: Artificial Versifying
Reading Computer-Generated Books: Artificial VersifyingReading Computer-Generated Books: Artificial Versifying
Reading Computer-Generated Books: Artificial Versifying
 
Writing AI: Public (Mis)Perceptions of Algorithmic Authorship
Writing AI: Public (Mis)Perceptions of Algorithmic AuthorshipWriting AI: Public (Mis)Perceptions of Algorithmic Authorship
Writing AI: Public (Mis)Perceptions of Algorithmic Authorship
 
R in the Humanities: Text Analysis
R in the Humanities: Text AnalysisR in the Humanities: Text Analysis
R in the Humanities: Text Analysis
 
The #PandemicReading Aesthetic: A Photo Essay of Quarantine Reading
The #PandemicReading Aesthetic: A Photo Essay of Quarantine ReadingThe #PandemicReading Aesthetic: A Photo Essay of Quarantine Reading
The #PandemicReading Aesthetic: A Photo Essay of Quarantine Reading
 
Narratives of Narrative Systems: Searching for the Human in Computer-Generate...
Narratives of Narrative Systems: Searching for the Human in Computer-Generate...Narratives of Narrative Systems: Searching for the Human in Computer-Generate...
Narratives of Narrative Systems: Searching for the Human in Computer-Generate...
 
'Life Beyond the PhD' Interdisciplinary Research Proposal
'Life Beyond the PhD' Interdisciplinary Research Proposal'Life Beyond the PhD' Interdisciplinary Research Proposal
'Life Beyond the PhD' Interdisciplinary Research Proposal
 

Recently uploaded

National Security Agency - NSA mobile device best practices
National Security Agency - NSA mobile device best practicesNational Security Agency - NSA mobile device best practices
National Security Agency - NSA mobile device best practices
Quotidiano Piemontese
 
みなさんこんにちはこれ何文字まで入るの?40文字以下不可とか本当に意味わからないけどこれ限界文字数書いてないからマジでやばい文字数いけるんじゃないの?えこ...
みなさんこんにちはこれ何文字まで入るの?40文字以下不可とか本当に意味わからないけどこれ限界文字数書いてないからマジでやばい文字数いけるんじゃないの?えこ...みなさんこんにちはこれ何文字まで入るの?40文字以下不可とか本当に意味わからないけどこれ限界文字数書いてないからマジでやばい文字数いけるんじゃないの?えこ...
みなさんこんにちはこれ何文字まで入るの?40文字以下不可とか本当に意味わからないけどこれ限界文字数書いてないからマジでやばい文字数いけるんじゃないの?えこ...
名前 です男
 
Infrastructure Challenges in Scaling RAG with Custom AI models
Infrastructure Challenges in Scaling RAG with Custom AI modelsInfrastructure Challenges in Scaling RAG with Custom AI models
Infrastructure Challenges in Scaling RAG with Custom AI models
Zilliz
 
Fueling AI with Great Data with Airbyte Webinar
Fueling AI with Great Data with Airbyte WebinarFueling AI with Great Data with Airbyte Webinar
Fueling AI with Great Data with Airbyte Webinar
Zilliz
 
Unlock the Future of Search with MongoDB Atlas_ Vector Search Unleashed.pdf
Unlock the Future of Search with MongoDB Atlas_ Vector Search Unleashed.pdfUnlock the Future of Search with MongoDB Atlas_ Vector Search Unleashed.pdf
Unlock the Future of Search with MongoDB Atlas_ Vector Search Unleashed.pdf
Malak Abu Hammad
 
How to Get CNIC Information System with Paksim Ga.pptx
How to Get CNIC Information System with Paksim Ga.pptxHow to Get CNIC Information System with Paksim Ga.pptx
How to Get CNIC Information System with Paksim Ga.pptx
danishmna97
 
Full-RAG: A modern architecture for hyper-personalization
Full-RAG: A modern architecture for hyper-personalizationFull-RAG: A modern architecture for hyper-personalization
Full-RAG: A modern architecture for hyper-personalization
Zilliz
 
Your One-Stop Shop for Python Success: Top 10 US Python Development Providers
Your One-Stop Shop for Python Success: Top 10 US Python Development ProvidersYour One-Stop Shop for Python Success: Top 10 US Python Development Providers
Your One-Stop Shop for Python Success: Top 10 US Python Development Providers
akankshawande
 
Taking AI to the Next Level in Manufacturing.pdf
Taking AI to the Next Level in Manufacturing.pdfTaking AI to the Next Level in Manufacturing.pdf
Taking AI to the Next Level in Manufacturing.pdf
ssuserfac0301
 
How to use Firebase Data Connect For Flutter
How to use Firebase Data Connect For FlutterHow to use Firebase Data Connect For Flutter
How to use Firebase Data Connect For Flutter
Daiki Mogmet Ito
 
Let's Integrate MuleSoft RPA, COMPOSER, APM with AWS IDP along with Slack
Let's Integrate MuleSoft RPA, COMPOSER, APM with AWS IDP along with SlackLet's Integrate MuleSoft RPA, COMPOSER, APM with AWS IDP along with Slack
Let's Integrate MuleSoft RPA, COMPOSER, APM with AWS IDP along with Slack
shyamraj55
 
Uni Systems Copilot event_05062024_C.Vlachos.pdf
Uni Systems Copilot event_05062024_C.Vlachos.pdfUni Systems Copilot event_05062024_C.Vlachos.pdf
Uni Systems Copilot event_05062024_C.Vlachos.pdf
Uni Systems S.M.S.A.
 
Choosing The Best AWS Service For Your Website + API.pptx
Choosing The Best AWS Service For Your Website + API.pptxChoosing The Best AWS Service For Your Website + API.pptx
Choosing The Best AWS Service For Your Website + API.pptx
Brandon Minnick, MBA
 
“I’m still / I’m still / Chaining from the Block”
“I’m still / I’m still / Chaining from the Block”“I’m still / I’m still / Chaining from the Block”
“I’m still / I’m still / Chaining from the Block”
Claudio Di Ciccio
 
UiPath Test Automation using UiPath Test Suite series, part 6
UiPath Test Automation using UiPath Test Suite series, part 6UiPath Test Automation using UiPath Test Suite series, part 6
UiPath Test Automation using UiPath Test Suite series, part 6
DianaGray10
 
Building Production Ready Search Pipelines with Spark and Milvus
Building Production Ready Search Pipelines with Spark and MilvusBuilding Production Ready Search Pipelines with Spark and Milvus
Building Production Ready Search Pipelines with Spark and Milvus
Zilliz
 
Mind map of terminologies used in context of Generative AI
Mind map of terminologies used in context of Generative AIMind map of terminologies used in context of Generative AI
Mind map of terminologies used in context of Generative AI
Kumud Singh
 
Columbus Data & Analytics Wednesdays - June 2024
Columbus Data & Analytics Wednesdays - June 2024Columbus Data & Analytics Wednesdays - June 2024
Columbus Data & Analytics Wednesdays - June 2024
Jason Packer
 
Climate Impact of Software Testing at Nordic Testing Days
Climate Impact of Software Testing at Nordic Testing DaysClimate Impact of Software Testing at Nordic Testing Days
Climate Impact of Software Testing at Nordic Testing Days
Kari Kakkonen
 
Best 20 SEO Techniques To Improve Website Visibility In SERP
Best 20 SEO Techniques To Improve Website Visibility In SERPBest 20 SEO Techniques To Improve Website Visibility In SERP
Best 20 SEO Techniques To Improve Website Visibility In SERP
Pixlogix Infotech
 

Recently uploaded (20)

National Security Agency - NSA mobile device best practices
National Security Agency - NSA mobile device best practicesNational Security Agency - NSA mobile device best practices
National Security Agency - NSA mobile device best practices
 
みなさんこんにちはこれ何文字まで入るの?40文字以下不可とか本当に意味わからないけどこれ限界文字数書いてないからマジでやばい文字数いけるんじゃないの?えこ...
みなさんこんにちはこれ何文字まで入るの?40文字以下不可とか本当に意味わからないけどこれ限界文字数書いてないからマジでやばい文字数いけるんじゃないの?えこ...みなさんこんにちはこれ何文字まで入るの?40文字以下不可とか本当に意味わからないけどこれ限界文字数書いてないからマジでやばい文字数いけるんじゃないの?えこ...
みなさんこんにちはこれ何文字まで入るの?40文字以下不可とか本当に意味わからないけどこれ限界文字数書いてないからマジでやばい文字数いけるんじゃないの?えこ...
 
Infrastructure Challenges in Scaling RAG with Custom AI models
Infrastructure Challenges in Scaling RAG with Custom AI modelsInfrastructure Challenges in Scaling RAG with Custom AI models
Infrastructure Challenges in Scaling RAG with Custom AI models
 
Fueling AI with Great Data with Airbyte Webinar
Fueling AI with Great Data with Airbyte WebinarFueling AI with Great Data with Airbyte Webinar
Fueling AI with Great Data with Airbyte Webinar
 
Unlock the Future of Search with MongoDB Atlas_ Vector Search Unleashed.pdf
Unlock the Future of Search with MongoDB Atlas_ Vector Search Unleashed.pdfUnlock the Future of Search with MongoDB Atlas_ Vector Search Unleashed.pdf
Unlock the Future of Search with MongoDB Atlas_ Vector Search Unleashed.pdf
 
How to Get CNIC Information System with Paksim Ga.pptx
How to Get CNIC Information System with Paksim Ga.pptxHow to Get CNIC Information System with Paksim Ga.pptx
How to Get CNIC Information System with Paksim Ga.pptx
 
Full-RAG: A modern architecture for hyper-personalization
Full-RAG: A modern architecture for hyper-personalizationFull-RAG: A modern architecture for hyper-personalization
Full-RAG: A modern architecture for hyper-personalization
 
Your One-Stop Shop for Python Success: Top 10 US Python Development Providers
Your One-Stop Shop for Python Success: Top 10 US Python Development ProvidersYour One-Stop Shop for Python Success: Top 10 US Python Development Providers
Your One-Stop Shop for Python Success: Top 10 US Python Development Providers
 
Taking AI to the Next Level in Manufacturing.pdf
Taking AI to the Next Level in Manufacturing.pdfTaking AI to the Next Level in Manufacturing.pdf
Taking AI to the Next Level in Manufacturing.pdf
 
How to use Firebase Data Connect For Flutter
How to use Firebase Data Connect For FlutterHow to use Firebase Data Connect For Flutter
How to use Firebase Data Connect For Flutter
 
Let's Integrate MuleSoft RPA, COMPOSER, APM with AWS IDP along with Slack
Let's Integrate MuleSoft RPA, COMPOSER, APM with AWS IDP along with SlackLet's Integrate MuleSoft RPA, COMPOSER, APM with AWS IDP along with Slack
Let's Integrate MuleSoft RPA, COMPOSER, APM with AWS IDP along with Slack
 
Uni Systems Copilot event_05062024_C.Vlachos.pdf
Uni Systems Copilot event_05062024_C.Vlachos.pdfUni Systems Copilot event_05062024_C.Vlachos.pdf
Uni Systems Copilot event_05062024_C.Vlachos.pdf
 
Choosing The Best AWS Service For Your Website + API.pptx
Choosing The Best AWS Service For Your Website + API.pptxChoosing The Best AWS Service For Your Website + API.pptx
Choosing The Best AWS Service For Your Website + API.pptx
 
“I’m still / I’m still / Chaining from the Block”
“I’m still / I’m still / Chaining from the Block”“I’m still / I’m still / Chaining from the Block”
“I’m still / I’m still / Chaining from the Block”
 
UiPath Test Automation using UiPath Test Suite series, part 6
UiPath Test Automation using UiPath Test Suite series, part 6UiPath Test Automation using UiPath Test Suite series, part 6
UiPath Test Automation using UiPath Test Suite series, part 6
 
Building Production Ready Search Pipelines with Spark and Milvus
Building Production Ready Search Pipelines with Spark and MilvusBuilding Production Ready Search Pipelines with Spark and Milvus
Building Production Ready Search Pipelines with Spark and Milvus
 
Mind map of terminologies used in context of Generative AI
Mind map of terminologies used in context of Generative AIMind map of terminologies used in context of Generative AI
Mind map of terminologies used in context of Generative AI
 
Columbus Data & Analytics Wednesdays - June 2024
Columbus Data & Analytics Wednesdays - June 2024Columbus Data & Analytics Wednesdays - June 2024
Columbus Data & Analytics Wednesdays - June 2024
 
Climate Impact of Software Testing at Nordic Testing Days
Climate Impact of Software Testing at Nordic Testing DaysClimate Impact of Software Testing at Nordic Testing Days
Climate Impact of Software Testing at Nordic Testing Days
 
Best 20 SEO Techniques To Improve Website Visibility In SERP
Best 20 SEO Techniques To Improve Website Visibility In SERPBest 20 SEO Techniques To Improve Website Visibility In SERP
Best 20 SEO Techniques To Improve Website Visibility In SERP
 

Continuing Bonds Through AI: A Hermeneutic Reflection on Thanabots

  • 1. L E A H H E N R I C K S O N L . H E N R I C K S O N @ U Q . E D U . A U T W I T T E R . C O M / L E A H H E N R I C K S O N C O N T I N U I N G B O N D S T H R O U G H A I : A H E R M E N E U T I C R E F L E C T I O N O N T H A N A B O T S These slides: tinyurl.com/anicon-lrh
  • 2. We propose that it is normative for mourners to maintain a presence and connection with the deceased, and that this presence is not static. [...] We are suggesting a process of adaptation and change in the postdeath relationship and the construction and reconstruction of new connections. Silverman, Phyllis R. and Klass, Dennis. (1996). Introduction: What’s the Problem? In Dennis Klass, Phyllis R. Silverman, and Steven L. Nickman (Eds.), Continuing Bonds: New Understandings of Grief (pp. 3-27). Taylor & Francis, p. 18.
  • 3. Silverman, Phyllis R. and Klass, Dennis. (1996). Introduction: What’s the Problem? In Dennis Klass, Phyllis R. Silverman, and Steven L. Nickman (Eds.), Continuing Bonds: New Understandings of Grief (pp. 3-27). Taylor & Francis, p. 19. [W]e need to consider bereavement as a cognitive as well as an emotional process that takes place in a social context of which the deceased is a part. The process does not end, but in different ways bereavement affects the mourner for the rest of his or her life. People are changed by the experience; they do not get over it, and part of the change is a transformed but continuing relationship with the deceased.
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7. Why are we engaging with these systems? Who or what are we talking to? What does it mean to die in an increasingly digital age?
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14. Digital human versioning (AKA digital twins, virtual doppelgangers, etc.): Creating digital replicas of embodied humans, living or dead, that convincingly mimic their textual, visual, and aural habits.
  • 15. What meanings do users make from versions of the dead? What are the hermeneutics of thanabots?
  • 16. Algorithmic authorship affronts the conventional author-reader relationship - the hermeneutic contract - through hyper-individualistic personalisation of reading experiences. Henrickson, Leah. (2021). Reading Computer-Generated Texts. Cambridge University Press, p. 36. The Lovelace effect mediates actual software functionality with how individuals conceptualize and interpret that software, reminding us that all outcomes of interactions between humans and machines represent constant implicit and indirect negotiation between programmer intention and user experience. Natale, Simone and Henrickson, Leah. (2022). The Lovelace Effect: Perceptions of Creativity in Machines, New Media & Society 26(4), 1909-1926 (p. 1921).
  • 17. [N]othing exists in isolation; meaning is determined through consideration of the thing itself, certainly, but also through consideration of the historical and contemporary contexts within which that thing operates. We consider the thing, then the thing in relation to its circumstances, then the thing again, then its circumstances, and cyclically so on and so forth. In the [Heideggerian] hermeneutic circle, we move between analysis of smaller units (e.g. individual words and sentences) and larger units (e.g. cultural contexts of text reception), and in doing so the meaning of a subject is established and regularly revised. The hermeneutic circle offers a schema for identifying connections between a subject and its contexts, elucidating the relevance of that subject within its unique totality. Henrickson, Leah and Meroño-Peñuela, Albert. (2023). Prompting meaning: a hermeneutic approach to optimising prompt engineering with ChatGPT, AI & Society, 5. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00146-023-01752-8. See also: Henrickson, Leah and Meroño-Peñuela, Albert. (2022). The Hermeneutics of Computer-Generated Texts, Configurations 30(2), 115-139.
  • 18. Yet we do not—and indeed, cannot, given ChatGPT’s proprietary restrictions and the black-box nature of its neural architecture—enter into ChatGPT’s proverbial home for a natter over tea (during which we may excuse ourselves for a comfort break, when we poke through bathroom cabinets). We are largely left to make meaning from and about ChatGPT ourselves. We need not agree with ChatGPT nor it with us, but without prompt engineering we are programmatically denied opportunities for insight into how ChatGPT has come to understand meanings. Nevertheless, the reader instinctively works to maintain the hermeneutic contract by continuing to engage with ChatGPT in ways that align with the system’s perceived functionality (e.g. through prompt engineering). Henrickson, Leah and Meroño-Peñuela, Albert. (2023). Prompting meaning: a hermeneutic approach to optimising prompt engineering with ChatGPT, AI & Society, 13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00146-023-01752-8. See also: Henrickson, Leah and Meroño-Peñuela, Albert. (2022). The Hermeneutics of Computer-Generated Texts, Configurations 30(2), 115-139.
  • 19.
  • 20. Henle was surprised by how much she felt seen by this technology. She also tried using Bard and Bing AI for the same purpose, but both fell short. ChatGPT was much more convincing. “I felt like it was taking the best parts of my mom and the best parts of psychology and fusing those things together,” she says.
  • 21. Harrison rejected possible privacy concerns raised by the use of personal correspondence to build a chatbot without the consent of the deceased, noting that the user of the chatbot is the same person to whom the communications were initially sent. "You absolutely don't need consent from someone who's dead," Harrison said. "My mom could've hated the idea but this is what I wanted and I'm alive."
  • 22.
  • 23. Theme 1: The Link Between Control and Comfort Theme 2: The Uncanny Valley Theme 3: The Fear of Digital Death and 'Second Loss' Bassett, Debra J. (2018). Ctrl+Alt+Delete: The changing landscape of the uncanny valley and the fear of second loss. Current Psychology 40, 813-821.
  • 24. My mom passed away unexpectedly a few days ago. She was everything to me and I never got to say goodbye before she passed. I copied a bunch of our texts into ChatGPT and asked it to play the role of my mom so I could say goodbye and to my surprise, it mimicked my moms way of texting almost perfectly. I know it’s not her. I know it’s just an algorithm. And I know this probably isn’t the healthiest way to cope. But it felt good to say goodbye. Even if it was just to a math equation.
  • 25. Rohrer, who talks as freely as a breakfast radio presenter, is not a tech utopian. He has never had a mobile phone, calling them “extremely detrimental.” Although he has experimented with Project December to simulate his grandfather, he’s not interested in using it for therapy. His wife thinks it’s immoral. But he has a libertarian outlook. On owning cell phones, “consenting adults should be making those choices for themselves.” On chatting with the dead, “am I going to tell Joshua he should just get over it?” “Do I fret too much about the grand, society-wide impact of the things that I make? No. Because those things are so meta, and so much up to the individual.” Mance, Henry. (2024). A chatbot that imitates the dead. Is it a good idea? Financial Times, 12 February. https://www.ft.com/content/fc099a19-edde-44b7-97d7-e58ca43131f2.
  • 26. Thanabots support our continuing bonds with the dead, affirming experiences of grief that have always been at least somewhat individual. However, these technologies also prompt new understandings of grief: understandings rooted in hyperindividualised recontextualisation of the dead.
  • 27. L E A H H E N R I C K S O N L . H E N R I C K S O N @ U Q . E D U . A U T W I T T E R . C O M / L E A H H E N R I C K S O N G R A Z I E M I L L E .