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Consumers of
Tomorrow
Insights and Observations
About Generation Z
November 2011
| Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 2November 2011
Executive Summary
Generation Z is commonly defined as “people born between the mid 1990s and 2010.” They
are also known as ‘Digital Natives’
Generation Z is…
 Comfortable with and even dependent on technology, having grown up in a digital world
where technology was ever-present
 Constantly multitasking with a variety of online products and sophisticated electronic devices,
and appreciates simple, interactive designs
 More socially responsible, due to greater access to a large online information pool they are
more acutely aware of modern day challenges such as terrorism and climate change
 Always connected, communicating through various social networking channels, often across
countries and cultures which significantly influences their decision process
Companies targeting Generation Z will want to…
 Adopt technology-based marketing and sales channels such as text messages (SMS),
mobile Internet, social networking portals, etc.
 Aim to ‘catch them young’ (especially relevant for technology companies)
 Enhance their virtual world presence with online product information and purchase facility
 Develop high value-for-money products that are multifunctional with simple and interactive
designs
 Provide ‘green’ products and services or take a proactive stance toward the environment
OverviewBehavioralTraitsMarketingImplications
Source: Grail Research Analysis
| Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 3November 2011
Each generation is characterized by different experiences
that shape their perspectives and behavior
Generation Z includes people born between the mid 1990s and 2010, characterized as ‘Digital
Natives’
Generation Terminology by Birth Year
1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 20101945 1950 1955 1960 2025…
Generation X
 Born into a world
witnessing a strong trend
toward divorce and
economic uncertainty
 Observed the popularity
of the disco and hip-hop
culture, and technologies
such as cable TV and
video games
 Characterized as
individualists and
skeptical of authority
Generation Y
 Born into a world marked
by increasing inter-regional
and inter-community
conflicts
 Witnessed emerging digital
technologies like instant
communication via email
and text messaging (SMS)
 Characterized as
optimistic, tech-
comfortable, style-
conscious, and brand loyal
Generation Z
 Born into a world facing
challenges such as terrorism
and environmental concerns
 Witnessed widespread use
of electronic gadgets and
digital technologies like the
Internet and social
networking sites
 Characterized as tech-
savvy, globally connected (in
the virtual world), flexible
and smarter, and tolerant of
diverse cultures
Baby Boomers
 Born post-World War II in an
increasingly optimistic and
financially stable world
 Witnessed several important
social changes – Women’s
Movement, Civil Rights
Movement, Vietnam Peace
Movement, etc.
 Increased prosperity led to
growing consumerism
 Characterized as idealistic
and competitive
Generation
Alpha
Also known as ‘Latchkey
Kids’, they were raised by
the early Baby Boomers
Also known as the ‘Millennial
Generation’, they were raised
by the late Baby Boomers
Also known as ‘Digital
Natives’, they are being
raised by Generation X
Divided into ‘Hippies’ and
‘Yuppies’, they were raised
by the ‘Builders’
Likely to be
‘Google Kids’
 Born into a
world newly
emerging from
widespread
economic
slowdown
 Expected to be
more tech-
savvy,
educated, and
materialistic
than previous
generations
| Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 4November 2011
What Generation Z traits and trends are important to
marketers?
Competing
for Attention
Design
Matters
Social
Responsibility
Constant
Connection
| Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 5November 2011
Competing for Attention
Born into a digital world, Generation Z is proficient with and dependent on
technology, making it a critical part of how they interact, play, and learn Competingfor
Attention
Design
Matters
Constant
Connection
Social
Responsibility
 Growing up with the Internet, mobile phones, laptops,
and other electronic devices creates a different market
in which parents and companies need to compete to get this
generation’s attention
• 31% of US children, ages 6-12, wanted an iPad over any other
electronic device for Christmas in 2010; followed by a
computer (29%) and an iPod touch (29%)1
 The world for Gen Z is digital and the accessibility of technology has made them overly
dependant on it for many activities
• ~20% girls ages 12 and under regularly visit online shopping sites; 13% of girls regularly
purchase products online, regardless of their age; and 35% of girls ages 12 and below own
a portable gaming device2
• In a global survey, Gen Z rejected traditional TV over streaming Video-on-Demand (VOD).
In addition, PCs (51%) and mobile phones (43%) were ranked more important devices than
TVs (3%)3
 Technology has also impacted the way that Gen Z learns. According to a study by ‘Habbo
Hotel’, the world’s largest virtual community for teens, 43% prefer the digital approach and
find it easiest to learn from the Internet. 38% like combined learning from print and online;
and only 16% state books as their preferred way of learning
 Playtime is still popular, but the
forums for play are changing
 Greater comfort with and
dependence on electronic gadgets
will lead to more early adopters and
increase demand for such products.
Companies will want to draw users in
early and ‘catch them young’
 Gen Z spends a significant amount of
time online, in order to reach them,
companies will need to adopt
strategies such as:
• New marketing and sales
channels like interactive online
media portals
• Virtual world based marketing
• Detailed product information and
the ability to easily make
purchases online
Behavioral Traits and Trends Implications for Marketing
Source: 1‘Kids to Santa: We Want an iPad for Christmas’, Nielsen, Oct 2010; 2Global Survey on Gen Z Girls' Reveals Digital Behavior” by Stardoll and Carat Network; 3‘Generation Z rejects
traditional TV’, Value Partners; ‘Apple’s iDevices Top Christmas Wish List in Duracell Toy Report’, News Articles; Grail Research Analysis; McCrindle Research; Mashable.com
| Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 6November 2011
Behavioral Traits and Trends Implications for Marketing
Competingfor
Attention
Design
Matters
Constant
Connection
Social
Responsibility
 Gen Z prefers media that is simple to use and interactive
• Notebooks and touch screen devices such as iPads appeal to
children due to their size and simplicity
• Interactive, stimulating activities are favored in contrast to passive TV
• There is a trend toward simple, clean interfaces such as Rediff,
a popular Indian internet portal, which has no advertisements on
its homepage and only eight icons
» Ranked #10 on Alexa Traffic in India, Rediff has a significant number of young visitors, with
24% of its total customer segment consisting of women and children
 Gen Z are avid multitaskers and desire products that allow them to do multiple things with
one device
• Social platforms such as Tumblr allow users to post (text, photos, links, audio, video,
slideshows, etc.) easily to their own customized blog, Twitter or Facebook accounts using
one simple application
» Tumblr’s unique monthly users grew from 4.2MM in Jun 2009 to 14MM in Jan 2010
• Devices which have educational features to enhance children‘s knowledge and skills are
favored by kids and parents
 Consumers are willing to pay a premium for devices that provide them with a wide range of
functionality such as the iPhone (starting at $649 without carrier contract) and iPad (starting
at $499)
Being adept media multitaskers, Generation Z has a desire for multi-
functional devices with designs that are both simple and interactive
 Easy-to-use and simpler platforms
appeal to this generation
 Multi-purpose functionality is
essential and consumers are willing
to pay a premium if the product
provides more than one benefit
Source: “Global Survey on Gen Z Girls' Reveals Digital Behavior” by Stardoll and Carat Network; Company's websites; Amazon; Nextag; Target; ‘Kids to Santa: We Want an iPad for Christmas’,
Nielsen, Oct 2010; ‘Apple’s iDevices Top Christmas Wishlist in Duracell Toy Report’, News Articles; Grail Research Analysis
Design Matters
| Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 7November 2011
Behavioral Traits and Trends
Generation Z was born into an environmentally conscious world, and with
greater exposure to a wide range of resources, they are expected to be
more socially responsible
 Access to a large online information pool has made Gen Z
acutely aware of modern day challenges such as terrorism,
climate change, etc.
 74% of teenagers, globally, consider climate change and global
warming to be a greater threat than drugs, violence or war.1
• Many companies have seen this as an opportunity. For example, McDonald’s headquarters
encourages all their franchises to improve energy efficiency and reduce their carbon
footprint. It has also launched environmental education programs for kids to spread the
message of environmental responsibility
 Globally, teens, along with their families, are changing their purchasing behavior towards
choosing environmentally responsible products and companies
• About 75% of teens in Singapore stated that they care whether their family is purchasing
green products. In addition, two in three said they recycle as much as possible and more
than half have donated to carbon-offset programs2
• 61% of Australian teens said that they cared whether their families purchased ‘green’
products, and 70% actively make an effort to reduce energy consumption. 97% believe
recycling is important and 82% said they recycled as much as possible3
• There has been an increase in teen forums and associations targeting environmental
responsibility in the US such as Teens Turning Green, the Dream Green Festival, and
KidEarth
 Gen Z is expected to evaluate the
environmental impact and carbon
footprint of products and brands
 Companies will need to consider
offering green products or taking a
proactive stance toward the
environment as they market to Gen Z
 Corporate programs and
communication can influence product
purchases as much as the product
itself
 Recycling and return programs can
drive awareness and adoption
Behavioral Traits and Trends Implications for Marketing
Note: 1Survey conducted by Habbo and Greenpeace on ~50,000 teenagers across 18 countries, 2007; 2Survey conducted in Jul and Aug 2011, each of the eight surveys had an average of
1,100 Singapore teenagers, who are registered Habbo users, participating; 3 2009 survey conducted by Habbo on Australian teens
Source: News Articles; McCrindle Research; AC Nielsen Company; AsiaONE News; Grail Analysis; “Company Profile - McDonald’s”, Cut Your Footprint; ‘Children of the tech revolution’,
smh.com.au, Jul 2008
Competingfor
Attention
Design
Matters
Constant
Connection
Social
Responsibility
Social Responsibility
| Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 8November 2011
The Internet, mobile phones, and social networking sites have made
Generation Z more accessible, on a more regular basis, through different
communication channels
 Gen Z is using different modes of
communication than in the past and
companies should leverage those
channels in their marketing strategy
 Gen Z constantly adapts to the
newest technologies and companies
need to stay focused on “what’s
next” in order to keep pace with this
generation
 Gen Z values constant connectivity with peers through
the Internet, instant/text messaging, mobile phones and social
networking sites. These peers greatly influence their decisions and
provide a broader exposure to cultures, languages, and ideas
• Girls are getting mobile phones at younger and younger ages; 65%
of 12 year old girls and 79% of girls ages 13-15 own their own mobile devices
• Many children feel that social networking is more important than other aspects of their life,
including their family
• 46% of teens select TV shows to watch based on recommendations from social networking
sites
• According to a global survey of children1, 50% of all tweens (8-12 years) globally are online
everyday and 25% interact daily with peers in other countries
 This generation prefers communicating through social networks and instant messaging, and
considers email “so yesterday”
• Youth SMS is predicted to fall 20% in the next 5 years, due to next generation messenger
services (BBM, Weibo, WhatsApp, QQ, etc.)
 Emotional attachment to digital habits sustains high online activity
• According to a study, when children were kept away from social networking devices such as
laptops and mobile phones, 79% of them displayed symptoms of distress2
Behavioral Traits and Trends Implications for Marketing
Note:1Survey conducted by Millward Brown on several thousand kids from more than 70 cities in 15 countries throughout Europe, Asia, The United States and South America; 2The study was
conducted by the University of Maryland on students aged 17-23 in ten countries
Source: “Global Survey on Gen Z Girls' Reveals Digital Behavior” by Stardoll and Carat Network; National Family Week Survey; ‘Generation Z rejects traditional TV’ by Value Partners; News
Articles; Grail Research Analysis
Competingfor
Attention
Design
Matters
Constant
Connection
Social
Responsibility
Constant Connection
| Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 9November 2011
 In 2008, Firefly, a US-based mobile phone company, launched a pay-as-you-go mobile phone service targeted to kids
• Introduced two exclusive mobile handsets for kids – glowPhone for ages 5-8 years, and flyPhone for ages 9-12 years
• Key features include full color screen, built-in camera, games, mp3 and video functionality
 In 2009, Firefly ceased partner store sales and moved to online sales only, stating the channel to be more efficient at reaching their
target audience
 In 2011, Walmart introduced Geo Girl, a range of eco-friendly makeup products, specially designed for girls ages 8-12
• The products are marketed as eco-friendly, made of natural ingredients and packaged in recyclable materials
 All products are named after chat short-hand abbreviations used in instant messages and texts including, TISC (This Is So Cool) Body
Mist and VBS (Very Big Smile) Lip Gloss
Strategies to target young consumers are keeping pace with the technologies they use and the
behavioral traits they exhibit
 Virtual world marketing/avatar-based marketing is a relatively new strategy that companies have adopted:
• At Neopets.com, a virtual game website targeted at 8-17 year olds, food companies like McDonald’s, Nestle and Mars sponsor
various activities to increase their brand visibility with young customers
• Habbo Hotel (a virtual teen online community to meet people, play games and create your own online space) provides a platform for
companies to market their products to teen members across the globe
• Zynga, the largest developer of social games on Facebook, partnered with Lady Gaga on the launch on her “Born this Way” album
by providing FarmVille players with a first listen to exclusive unreleased songs
• MyCoke.com is a virtual environment to engage teens in interactive activities and encourage them to associate their personal identity
with Coca-Cola’s brand identity
 Many major consumer goods companies such as Pepsi, McDonald’s, Apple, and Dell have their own profiles on popular social
networking portals like Facebook, Twitter, and MySpace to connect with the younger generation
• These company profiles generally have large member lists (on Facebook, 9,781,626 people like the McDonald’s company profile,
692,985 people like the Dell profile, 5,265,685 people like the Pepsi profile and 1,004,339 like the Apple profile), which provides them
with a solid platform to promote their new products
Many companies have already taken steps to target
young consumers
Source: ‘Is Generation Z Ready for their Close Up?’, Elle Girl, Feb 2011; ‘Firefly Mobile's flyPhone, glowPhone target kids’, Mobile Marketer, Oct 2008; Softpedia, Oct 2010
| Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 10November 2011
Next Generation: Alpha
Source: ‘For a new generation, Alpha will be better’, The Age, Mar 2010 ; ‘Alpha Generation to be the biggest yet’, ABC.net, Mar 2010; ‘Why the future belongs to Apple’, Delhi Planet, Mar
2011; ‘Who will the alpha generation copy?’, Lifelong Fitness, Apr 2010; Grail Research Analysis
 Born after 2010
 Raised by Generation X & Y
 Predicted to:
• Be the largest generation to date
• Adopt technology faster
• Have increased health concerns
• Start earlier and stay longer in school
• Be more technology focused
• Have better career opportunities due to a skills shortage, created by
the present population leaving the workforce
Generation Alpha
Generation Z will be followed by the digitally superior and well-informed Generation Alpha
| Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 11November 2011
Appendix – Additional Insights
What Makes Generation Z Different?
| Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 12November 2011
What Makes Generation Z Different?
(1) The first true ‘Internet’ Generation
1990-1995 1996-2000 2001-2005 2006-Feb 2010
1990
Less than 0.3
2005
~15
2009
Over 26
1990
3 MM
2005
Close to 1 Bn
2009
Over 1.8 Bn
Dec, 1994
Netscape Navigator
launched
Jun, 1996
~29 MM users1
Apr, 2004
Gmail(beta) launched
Dec, 2009
~380 MM users1
Mar, 2008
IE 8 (beta) launched
Jul, 1996
Hotmail launched
Apr 2006
~50 MM Gmail users
Aug. 2005
Gtalk launched
May, 1997
AOL IM launched
Jun, 2000
150 MM AOL IM users
Jun, 2006
~1 MM Gtalk users
Aug, 2003
MySpace launched
Feb, 2010
~400 MM FB users
Jul, 2005
~20 MM MySpace users
Dec, 2008
~125 MM
MySpace users
Global Internet
Penetration (per
100 population)
Internet Users
(Global)
Email
Browsers
Instant Messaging
Social
Networking
2004
Facebook (FB) launched
Feb 2010 on
Jul, 2010
~ 29
Jul, 2010
Over 1.9 Bn
Apr, 2010
~2.9Bn worldwide
email accounts
Apr, 2011
~630 MM FB users
Feb, 2011
~ 63 MM
MySpace users
Mobile cellular
subscriber
2009
~4.1 Bn subscribers
2010
~5.3 Bn subscribers
2003
~1.3 Bn subscribers
1998
~311 MM subscribers
1993
~33.8 MM subscribers
2010
311.2 MM worldwide
IM users
2007
~2 Tr messages
2010
6.1 Tr messages
Dec, 2002
~365 Bn messages
1995
SMS was commercializedSMS (Per year)
Feb, 2011
~3.3 BN users2
Mar, 2011
IE 9 launched
Note: 1Calculated by multiplying total number of internet users with the market share value; 2Calculated by dividing the total internet explorer users with its market share
Source: Grail Research Analysis
Feb, 1999
~30 MM Hotmail users
The Internet experienced phenomenal growth and development – in terms of penetration,
technology, applications and adoption during Generation Z
| Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 13November 2011
Baby Boomer Parents and Their Kids Generation X Parents and Generation Z Kids
Source: Grail Research Analysis
Generation Z is experiencing a tighter connection with their parents on a number of dimensions
More Closely
Aligned Family
Values
 Baby Boomer parents were very career-oriented
and pushed their children to be high achievers,
regardless of their natural inclinations
 As more women joined the work force, greater
financial means and mother’s guilt meant
children were given more of what they wanted
 Generation X is raising Generation Z with a high involvement
parenting style. Generation X saw a social trend of divorces
and is expected to instill stronger family values, along with ‘old’
notions such as work ethic, etiquette, and resilience. This,
along with better education, will make Generation Z more
tolerant, respectful, and responsible
Shared Brand
Experiences
 Brands for children and adults were quite
separate and there was no brand connection
between parents and children
 Generation Z and their parents are purchasing and developing
an affinity for the same brands, e.g. Gap (GapKids and
babyGap), J.Crew (Crewcuts), and Polo Ralph Lauren
 Baby Boomer parents grew up with limited TV
programming, while their children had cable TV
and 100s of channels to choose from
 Baby Boomer parents had simple games such
as pinball and only experienced video games
through the eyes of their children
 Parents and children are increasingly watching the same TV
channels, as broadcasters offer programming for both adults
and children (e.g. Nickelodeon and Nick at Nite)
 Video games are common to both generations. The industry is
increasingly catering to the “family-gaming” segment by
providing products such as the Nintendo Wii
Increasing Overlap Between Generations
Similar Channels
of Entertainment
Common
Technology
 Baby Boomer technologies (e.g. typewriters,
rotary dial phones, and black and white TVs)
were significantly different from those that their
children experienced
 Generation Z has grown up with technologies that their parents
are also comfortable with such as mobile phones, laptops, video
games, online networks, etc.
What Makes Generation Z Different?
(2) A unique parent-child relationship
| Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 14November 2011
What Makes Generation Z Different?
(3) Increased speed in technological advancement
Source: Grail Research Analysis
2 Years
until Facebook
reached
50 MM users
13 Years
until TV reached
50 MM users
19 June 2009
iPhone 3GS
launches
1 Year
until iPhone
3GS reached
50 MM users
4 Years
until the web
reached 50 MM
users
38 Years
until radio
reached 50 MM
users
3 Years
until iPod sales
reached 50 MM
24 June 2010
iPhone 4
launches
2 Days
until iPhone 4
reached 1.7
MM users
Every generation has seen the emergence of a ‘disruptive’ technology that rendered existing
technologies irrelevant. New technologies continue to emerge faster than ever and ‘innovation
leaps’ are becoming smaller, leading to a stronger ‘connection’ between newer generations
| Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 15November 2011
Generation Z1
 Witnessed the beginning of the ‘digital
era’ with an increased use of the Internet
and social networking
 Characterized as tech-savvy, flexible and
smarter, and tolerant of diverse cultures
Generation Z2
 Born into a ‘digital world’ where “always-
on” social networking, on-demand
entertainment and touch screens were
becoming the norm
 Share Generation Z1 characteristics and
are also globally connected and
networked (in a virtual world), looking for
instant gratification, and lacking in a
sense of privacy (personal lives are
constantly on display)
What Makes Generation Z Different?
(4) Distinct differences within the generation
While the connection between generations is strengthening, the generational span is becoming
shorter, driven mainly by the ever-increasing pace of technological development
Source: Grail Research Analysis
2005 2010 2020
5-10 Years 5 Years
5-10 Years
10-15 Years
Generation Alpha
 First truly 21st century generation
 Likely to be better educated and more
materialistic than previous generations
 May never know of products and
services such as physical storage
(cassettes, VHS tapes, floppy disks),
dial-up Internet connections, desktop
computers (including mouse/keyboard),
analog cable TV, and offline music
purchases.
Mid 1990s / 2000
For More Information Contact:
Grail Research
(info@grailresearch.com)
Copyright © 2011 by Grail Research, a division of Integreon
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system, or transmitted in any form or by any means —
electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise — without
the permission of Grail Research, a division of Integreon


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Consumers of Tomorrow - Insights and Observations About Generation Z

  • 1. Consumers of Tomorrow Insights and Observations About Generation Z November 2011
  • 2. | Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 2November 2011 Executive Summary Generation Z is commonly defined as “people born between the mid 1990s and 2010.” They are also known as ‘Digital Natives’ Generation Z is…  Comfortable with and even dependent on technology, having grown up in a digital world where technology was ever-present  Constantly multitasking with a variety of online products and sophisticated electronic devices, and appreciates simple, interactive designs  More socially responsible, due to greater access to a large online information pool they are more acutely aware of modern day challenges such as terrorism and climate change  Always connected, communicating through various social networking channels, often across countries and cultures which significantly influences their decision process Companies targeting Generation Z will want to…  Adopt technology-based marketing and sales channels such as text messages (SMS), mobile Internet, social networking portals, etc.  Aim to ‘catch them young’ (especially relevant for technology companies)  Enhance their virtual world presence with online product information and purchase facility  Develop high value-for-money products that are multifunctional with simple and interactive designs  Provide ‘green’ products and services or take a proactive stance toward the environment OverviewBehavioralTraitsMarketingImplications Source: Grail Research Analysis
  • 3. | Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 3November 2011 Each generation is characterized by different experiences that shape their perspectives and behavior Generation Z includes people born between the mid 1990s and 2010, characterized as ‘Digital Natives’ Generation Terminology by Birth Year 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 20101945 1950 1955 1960 2025… Generation X  Born into a world witnessing a strong trend toward divorce and economic uncertainty  Observed the popularity of the disco and hip-hop culture, and technologies such as cable TV and video games  Characterized as individualists and skeptical of authority Generation Y  Born into a world marked by increasing inter-regional and inter-community conflicts  Witnessed emerging digital technologies like instant communication via email and text messaging (SMS)  Characterized as optimistic, tech- comfortable, style- conscious, and brand loyal Generation Z  Born into a world facing challenges such as terrorism and environmental concerns  Witnessed widespread use of electronic gadgets and digital technologies like the Internet and social networking sites  Characterized as tech- savvy, globally connected (in the virtual world), flexible and smarter, and tolerant of diverse cultures Baby Boomers  Born post-World War II in an increasingly optimistic and financially stable world  Witnessed several important social changes – Women’s Movement, Civil Rights Movement, Vietnam Peace Movement, etc.  Increased prosperity led to growing consumerism  Characterized as idealistic and competitive Generation Alpha Also known as ‘Latchkey Kids’, they were raised by the early Baby Boomers Also known as the ‘Millennial Generation’, they were raised by the late Baby Boomers Also known as ‘Digital Natives’, they are being raised by Generation X Divided into ‘Hippies’ and ‘Yuppies’, they were raised by the ‘Builders’ Likely to be ‘Google Kids’  Born into a world newly emerging from widespread economic slowdown  Expected to be more tech- savvy, educated, and materialistic than previous generations
  • 4. | Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 4November 2011 What Generation Z traits and trends are important to marketers? Competing for Attention Design Matters Social Responsibility Constant Connection
  • 5. | Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 5November 2011 Competing for Attention Born into a digital world, Generation Z is proficient with and dependent on technology, making it a critical part of how they interact, play, and learn Competingfor Attention Design Matters Constant Connection Social Responsibility  Growing up with the Internet, mobile phones, laptops, and other electronic devices creates a different market in which parents and companies need to compete to get this generation’s attention • 31% of US children, ages 6-12, wanted an iPad over any other electronic device for Christmas in 2010; followed by a computer (29%) and an iPod touch (29%)1  The world for Gen Z is digital and the accessibility of technology has made them overly dependant on it for many activities • ~20% girls ages 12 and under regularly visit online shopping sites; 13% of girls regularly purchase products online, regardless of their age; and 35% of girls ages 12 and below own a portable gaming device2 • In a global survey, Gen Z rejected traditional TV over streaming Video-on-Demand (VOD). In addition, PCs (51%) and mobile phones (43%) were ranked more important devices than TVs (3%)3  Technology has also impacted the way that Gen Z learns. According to a study by ‘Habbo Hotel’, the world’s largest virtual community for teens, 43% prefer the digital approach and find it easiest to learn from the Internet. 38% like combined learning from print and online; and only 16% state books as their preferred way of learning  Playtime is still popular, but the forums for play are changing  Greater comfort with and dependence on electronic gadgets will lead to more early adopters and increase demand for such products. Companies will want to draw users in early and ‘catch them young’  Gen Z spends a significant amount of time online, in order to reach them, companies will need to adopt strategies such as: • New marketing and sales channels like interactive online media portals • Virtual world based marketing • Detailed product information and the ability to easily make purchases online Behavioral Traits and Trends Implications for Marketing Source: 1‘Kids to Santa: We Want an iPad for Christmas’, Nielsen, Oct 2010; 2Global Survey on Gen Z Girls' Reveals Digital Behavior” by Stardoll and Carat Network; 3‘Generation Z rejects traditional TV’, Value Partners; ‘Apple’s iDevices Top Christmas Wish List in Duracell Toy Report’, News Articles; Grail Research Analysis; McCrindle Research; Mashable.com
  • 6. | Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 6November 2011 Behavioral Traits and Trends Implications for Marketing Competingfor Attention Design Matters Constant Connection Social Responsibility  Gen Z prefers media that is simple to use and interactive • Notebooks and touch screen devices such as iPads appeal to children due to their size and simplicity • Interactive, stimulating activities are favored in contrast to passive TV • There is a trend toward simple, clean interfaces such as Rediff, a popular Indian internet portal, which has no advertisements on its homepage and only eight icons » Ranked #10 on Alexa Traffic in India, Rediff has a significant number of young visitors, with 24% of its total customer segment consisting of women and children  Gen Z are avid multitaskers and desire products that allow them to do multiple things with one device • Social platforms such as Tumblr allow users to post (text, photos, links, audio, video, slideshows, etc.) easily to their own customized blog, Twitter or Facebook accounts using one simple application » Tumblr’s unique monthly users grew from 4.2MM in Jun 2009 to 14MM in Jan 2010 • Devices which have educational features to enhance children‘s knowledge and skills are favored by kids and parents  Consumers are willing to pay a premium for devices that provide them with a wide range of functionality such as the iPhone (starting at $649 without carrier contract) and iPad (starting at $499) Being adept media multitaskers, Generation Z has a desire for multi- functional devices with designs that are both simple and interactive  Easy-to-use and simpler platforms appeal to this generation  Multi-purpose functionality is essential and consumers are willing to pay a premium if the product provides more than one benefit Source: “Global Survey on Gen Z Girls' Reveals Digital Behavior” by Stardoll and Carat Network; Company's websites; Amazon; Nextag; Target; ‘Kids to Santa: We Want an iPad for Christmas’, Nielsen, Oct 2010; ‘Apple’s iDevices Top Christmas Wishlist in Duracell Toy Report’, News Articles; Grail Research Analysis Design Matters
  • 7. | Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 7November 2011 Behavioral Traits and Trends Generation Z was born into an environmentally conscious world, and with greater exposure to a wide range of resources, they are expected to be more socially responsible  Access to a large online information pool has made Gen Z acutely aware of modern day challenges such as terrorism, climate change, etc.  74% of teenagers, globally, consider climate change and global warming to be a greater threat than drugs, violence or war.1 • Many companies have seen this as an opportunity. For example, McDonald’s headquarters encourages all their franchises to improve energy efficiency and reduce their carbon footprint. It has also launched environmental education programs for kids to spread the message of environmental responsibility  Globally, teens, along with their families, are changing their purchasing behavior towards choosing environmentally responsible products and companies • About 75% of teens in Singapore stated that they care whether their family is purchasing green products. In addition, two in three said they recycle as much as possible and more than half have donated to carbon-offset programs2 • 61% of Australian teens said that they cared whether their families purchased ‘green’ products, and 70% actively make an effort to reduce energy consumption. 97% believe recycling is important and 82% said they recycled as much as possible3 • There has been an increase in teen forums and associations targeting environmental responsibility in the US such as Teens Turning Green, the Dream Green Festival, and KidEarth  Gen Z is expected to evaluate the environmental impact and carbon footprint of products and brands  Companies will need to consider offering green products or taking a proactive stance toward the environment as they market to Gen Z  Corporate programs and communication can influence product purchases as much as the product itself  Recycling and return programs can drive awareness and adoption Behavioral Traits and Trends Implications for Marketing Note: 1Survey conducted by Habbo and Greenpeace on ~50,000 teenagers across 18 countries, 2007; 2Survey conducted in Jul and Aug 2011, each of the eight surveys had an average of 1,100 Singapore teenagers, who are registered Habbo users, participating; 3 2009 survey conducted by Habbo on Australian teens Source: News Articles; McCrindle Research; AC Nielsen Company; AsiaONE News; Grail Analysis; “Company Profile - McDonald’s”, Cut Your Footprint; ‘Children of the tech revolution’, smh.com.au, Jul 2008 Competingfor Attention Design Matters Constant Connection Social Responsibility Social Responsibility
  • 8. | Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 8November 2011 The Internet, mobile phones, and social networking sites have made Generation Z more accessible, on a more regular basis, through different communication channels  Gen Z is using different modes of communication than in the past and companies should leverage those channels in their marketing strategy  Gen Z constantly adapts to the newest technologies and companies need to stay focused on “what’s next” in order to keep pace with this generation  Gen Z values constant connectivity with peers through the Internet, instant/text messaging, mobile phones and social networking sites. These peers greatly influence their decisions and provide a broader exposure to cultures, languages, and ideas • Girls are getting mobile phones at younger and younger ages; 65% of 12 year old girls and 79% of girls ages 13-15 own their own mobile devices • Many children feel that social networking is more important than other aspects of their life, including their family • 46% of teens select TV shows to watch based on recommendations from social networking sites • According to a global survey of children1, 50% of all tweens (8-12 years) globally are online everyday and 25% interact daily with peers in other countries  This generation prefers communicating through social networks and instant messaging, and considers email “so yesterday” • Youth SMS is predicted to fall 20% in the next 5 years, due to next generation messenger services (BBM, Weibo, WhatsApp, QQ, etc.)  Emotional attachment to digital habits sustains high online activity • According to a study, when children were kept away from social networking devices such as laptops and mobile phones, 79% of them displayed symptoms of distress2 Behavioral Traits and Trends Implications for Marketing Note:1Survey conducted by Millward Brown on several thousand kids from more than 70 cities in 15 countries throughout Europe, Asia, The United States and South America; 2The study was conducted by the University of Maryland on students aged 17-23 in ten countries Source: “Global Survey on Gen Z Girls' Reveals Digital Behavior” by Stardoll and Carat Network; National Family Week Survey; ‘Generation Z rejects traditional TV’ by Value Partners; News Articles; Grail Research Analysis Competingfor Attention Design Matters Constant Connection Social Responsibility Constant Connection
  • 9. | Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 9November 2011  In 2008, Firefly, a US-based mobile phone company, launched a pay-as-you-go mobile phone service targeted to kids • Introduced two exclusive mobile handsets for kids – glowPhone for ages 5-8 years, and flyPhone for ages 9-12 years • Key features include full color screen, built-in camera, games, mp3 and video functionality  In 2009, Firefly ceased partner store sales and moved to online sales only, stating the channel to be more efficient at reaching their target audience  In 2011, Walmart introduced Geo Girl, a range of eco-friendly makeup products, specially designed for girls ages 8-12 • The products are marketed as eco-friendly, made of natural ingredients and packaged in recyclable materials  All products are named after chat short-hand abbreviations used in instant messages and texts including, TISC (This Is So Cool) Body Mist and VBS (Very Big Smile) Lip Gloss Strategies to target young consumers are keeping pace with the technologies they use and the behavioral traits they exhibit  Virtual world marketing/avatar-based marketing is a relatively new strategy that companies have adopted: • At Neopets.com, a virtual game website targeted at 8-17 year olds, food companies like McDonald’s, Nestle and Mars sponsor various activities to increase their brand visibility with young customers • Habbo Hotel (a virtual teen online community to meet people, play games and create your own online space) provides a platform for companies to market their products to teen members across the globe • Zynga, the largest developer of social games on Facebook, partnered with Lady Gaga on the launch on her “Born this Way” album by providing FarmVille players with a first listen to exclusive unreleased songs • MyCoke.com is a virtual environment to engage teens in interactive activities and encourage them to associate their personal identity with Coca-Cola’s brand identity  Many major consumer goods companies such as Pepsi, McDonald’s, Apple, and Dell have their own profiles on popular social networking portals like Facebook, Twitter, and MySpace to connect with the younger generation • These company profiles generally have large member lists (on Facebook, 9,781,626 people like the McDonald’s company profile, 692,985 people like the Dell profile, 5,265,685 people like the Pepsi profile and 1,004,339 like the Apple profile), which provides them with a solid platform to promote their new products Many companies have already taken steps to target young consumers Source: ‘Is Generation Z Ready for their Close Up?’, Elle Girl, Feb 2011; ‘Firefly Mobile's flyPhone, glowPhone target kids’, Mobile Marketer, Oct 2008; Softpedia, Oct 2010
  • 10. | Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 10November 2011 Next Generation: Alpha Source: ‘For a new generation, Alpha will be better’, The Age, Mar 2010 ; ‘Alpha Generation to be the biggest yet’, ABC.net, Mar 2010; ‘Why the future belongs to Apple’, Delhi Planet, Mar 2011; ‘Who will the alpha generation copy?’, Lifelong Fitness, Apr 2010; Grail Research Analysis  Born after 2010  Raised by Generation X & Y  Predicted to: • Be the largest generation to date • Adopt technology faster • Have increased health concerns • Start earlier and stay longer in school • Be more technology focused • Have better career opportunities due to a skills shortage, created by the present population leaving the workforce Generation Alpha Generation Z will be followed by the digitally superior and well-informed Generation Alpha
  • 11. | Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 11November 2011 Appendix – Additional Insights What Makes Generation Z Different?
  • 12. | Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 12November 2011 What Makes Generation Z Different? (1) The first true ‘Internet’ Generation 1990-1995 1996-2000 2001-2005 2006-Feb 2010 1990 Less than 0.3 2005 ~15 2009 Over 26 1990 3 MM 2005 Close to 1 Bn 2009 Over 1.8 Bn Dec, 1994 Netscape Navigator launched Jun, 1996 ~29 MM users1 Apr, 2004 Gmail(beta) launched Dec, 2009 ~380 MM users1 Mar, 2008 IE 8 (beta) launched Jul, 1996 Hotmail launched Apr 2006 ~50 MM Gmail users Aug. 2005 Gtalk launched May, 1997 AOL IM launched Jun, 2000 150 MM AOL IM users Jun, 2006 ~1 MM Gtalk users Aug, 2003 MySpace launched Feb, 2010 ~400 MM FB users Jul, 2005 ~20 MM MySpace users Dec, 2008 ~125 MM MySpace users Global Internet Penetration (per 100 population) Internet Users (Global) Email Browsers Instant Messaging Social Networking 2004 Facebook (FB) launched Feb 2010 on Jul, 2010 ~ 29 Jul, 2010 Over 1.9 Bn Apr, 2010 ~2.9Bn worldwide email accounts Apr, 2011 ~630 MM FB users Feb, 2011 ~ 63 MM MySpace users Mobile cellular subscriber 2009 ~4.1 Bn subscribers 2010 ~5.3 Bn subscribers 2003 ~1.3 Bn subscribers 1998 ~311 MM subscribers 1993 ~33.8 MM subscribers 2010 311.2 MM worldwide IM users 2007 ~2 Tr messages 2010 6.1 Tr messages Dec, 2002 ~365 Bn messages 1995 SMS was commercializedSMS (Per year) Feb, 2011 ~3.3 BN users2 Mar, 2011 IE 9 launched Note: 1Calculated by multiplying total number of internet users with the market share value; 2Calculated by dividing the total internet explorer users with its market share Source: Grail Research Analysis Feb, 1999 ~30 MM Hotmail users The Internet experienced phenomenal growth and development – in terms of penetration, technology, applications and adoption during Generation Z
  • 13. | Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 13November 2011 Baby Boomer Parents and Their Kids Generation X Parents and Generation Z Kids Source: Grail Research Analysis Generation Z is experiencing a tighter connection with their parents on a number of dimensions More Closely Aligned Family Values  Baby Boomer parents were very career-oriented and pushed their children to be high achievers, regardless of their natural inclinations  As more women joined the work force, greater financial means and mother’s guilt meant children were given more of what they wanted  Generation X is raising Generation Z with a high involvement parenting style. Generation X saw a social trend of divorces and is expected to instill stronger family values, along with ‘old’ notions such as work ethic, etiquette, and resilience. This, along with better education, will make Generation Z more tolerant, respectful, and responsible Shared Brand Experiences  Brands for children and adults were quite separate and there was no brand connection between parents and children  Generation Z and their parents are purchasing and developing an affinity for the same brands, e.g. Gap (GapKids and babyGap), J.Crew (Crewcuts), and Polo Ralph Lauren  Baby Boomer parents grew up with limited TV programming, while their children had cable TV and 100s of channels to choose from  Baby Boomer parents had simple games such as pinball and only experienced video games through the eyes of their children  Parents and children are increasingly watching the same TV channels, as broadcasters offer programming for both adults and children (e.g. Nickelodeon and Nick at Nite)  Video games are common to both generations. The industry is increasingly catering to the “family-gaming” segment by providing products such as the Nintendo Wii Increasing Overlap Between Generations Similar Channels of Entertainment Common Technology  Baby Boomer technologies (e.g. typewriters, rotary dial phones, and black and white TVs) were significantly different from those that their children experienced  Generation Z has grown up with technologies that their parents are also comfortable with such as mobile phones, laptops, video games, online networks, etc. What Makes Generation Z Different? (2) A unique parent-child relationship
  • 14. | Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 14November 2011 What Makes Generation Z Different? (3) Increased speed in technological advancement Source: Grail Research Analysis 2 Years until Facebook reached 50 MM users 13 Years until TV reached 50 MM users 19 June 2009 iPhone 3GS launches 1 Year until iPhone 3GS reached 50 MM users 4 Years until the web reached 50 MM users 38 Years until radio reached 50 MM users 3 Years until iPod sales reached 50 MM 24 June 2010 iPhone 4 launches 2 Days until iPhone 4 reached 1.7 MM users Every generation has seen the emergence of a ‘disruptive’ technology that rendered existing technologies irrelevant. New technologies continue to emerge faster than ever and ‘innovation leaps’ are becoming smaller, leading to a stronger ‘connection’ between newer generations
  • 15. | Copyright © 2011 Grail Research, a division of Integreon 15November 2011 Generation Z1  Witnessed the beginning of the ‘digital era’ with an increased use of the Internet and social networking  Characterized as tech-savvy, flexible and smarter, and tolerant of diverse cultures Generation Z2  Born into a ‘digital world’ where “always- on” social networking, on-demand entertainment and touch screens were becoming the norm  Share Generation Z1 characteristics and are also globally connected and networked (in a virtual world), looking for instant gratification, and lacking in a sense of privacy (personal lives are constantly on display) What Makes Generation Z Different? (4) Distinct differences within the generation While the connection between generations is strengthening, the generational span is becoming shorter, driven mainly by the ever-increasing pace of technological development Source: Grail Research Analysis 2005 2010 2020 5-10 Years 5 Years 5-10 Years 10-15 Years Generation Alpha  First truly 21st century generation  Likely to be better educated and more materialistic than previous generations  May never know of products and services such as physical storage (cassettes, VHS tapes, floppy disks), dial-up Internet connections, desktop computers (including mouse/keyboard), analog cable TV, and offline music purchases. Mid 1990s / 2000
  • 16. For More Information Contact: Grail Research (info@grailresearch.com) Copyright © 2011 by Grail Research, a division of Integreon No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means — electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise — without the permission of Grail Research, a division of Integreon 