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CONNECTORS
TYPES OF CONNECTORS
1. CONNECTORS OF ADDITION
2. CONNECTORS OF CONTRAST
3. CONNECTORS OF CAUSE AND REASON
4. CONNECTORS OF RESULT
5. CONNECTORS OF PURPOSE
6. CONNECTORS OF TIME AND SEQUENCE
7. CONNECTORS OF SIMILARITY
8. CONNECTORS OF OPINION
9. CONNECTORS EXPRESSING GENERAL
STATEMENTS
10. CONNECTORS EXPRESSING A REALITY
11. CONNECTORS TO GIVE EXAMPLES
12. CONNECTORS TO LIST POINTS
13. CONNECTORS EXPRESSING CONCLUSION
Connectors of addition
 In addition to (“además de”)
 as well as (“así como”)
 apart from (“aparte de”)
 except for (“excepto”)
 besides (“además de”)
 In addition to obesity, fast food causes serious health problems.
 Besides obesity, fast food causes serious health problems.
Fast food causes obesity as well as serious health problems
• In addition, (“además”)
• Moreover,
• Furthermore, (“además, es más”)
• What’s more,
• Besides,
(note the comma)
Fast food causes obesity. In addition, it may also cause serious
health problems.
Fast food causes obesity. Besides, it may also cause serious health
problems.
• and (“y)
• also (“también”)
• too (“también, además”)
 Fast food causes obesity. It may also cause serious health problems.
Fast food causes obesity, and it may cause serious health problems
too
Connectors of contrast
 In spite of
 Despite (“a pesar de”)
In spite of the calories, I love burgers! / Despite the
calories, I love burgers!
•Although (“aunque”)
• Even though (“incluso aunque,”)
• Even if (“incluso si”)
• While
• Whereas (“mientras (que)”)
Although burguers contain a lot of fat, they’re delicious!
subordinate clause
• However, (“sin embargo”)
• Nevertheless, (“de todas formas”)
• On the contrary, (“por el
contrario”)
• On the one hand, (“por un
lado”)
• On the other hand, (“por
(note the comma)
Burgers are tasty. However, they contain a lot of fat.
I know fast food is not healthy. On the contrary, it may cause
serious health problems.
 because of (“debido a”)
 due to
 owing to (“debido a”)
 thanks to (“gracias a”)
 as a result of (“como consecuencia de”)
+ noun
My brother is on a diet due to his obesity problems.
He expects to lose 15 kilos as a result of the diet,.
• because (“porque”)
• since
• as (“puesto que, ya que”)
• seeing that
 Since he had serious health problems, he went on
a diet.
 He went on a diet because he had serious health
problems.
Connectors of cause and reason
 As a result, (“por ello, como
consecuencia,”)
 As a consequence,
como consecuencia, ”)
 Therefore,
 Consequently,
 For this reason, (“por este motivo,”)
 That is why, (“ es por ello que,”)
( “por ello,
 Thus, (“por lo tanto, así”)
+ sentence (note the comma)
The flood destroyed the village. As a result, many
people lost their homes.
Connectors of result
 in order to
 so as to (“para, con el
propósito de”)
 to
You must study in order to learn.
You must study so as to be sucessful.
• in order that
• so that (“para que”) You must study so that you can become educated. main
clause
 He lent me his notes in order that I could study for
hte exam.
main clause
Connectors of purpose
Connectors of time and sequence
 when (“cuando”)
 while
 as (“mientras”)
 before (“antes de”)
 after (“después de”)
 until (“hasta que”)
 as soon as (“en cuanto que”)
 by the time (“para cuando”)
 At first,
 Then,
 Next,
 Later,
 After that,
 Afterwards,
 Finally,
 At the end,
 Cinderella danced and danced until her feet hurt.
 Before the clock stroke 12, she jumped into
her coach.
 After she had left, she noticed she was
missing a shoe.
 By the time she got home, her coach had turned into a
pumpkin.
• before (“antes de”)
• after (“después de”)
• until (“hasta”)
• during (durante, a lo largo de)
Cinderella had to arrived home before midnight.
The prince looked for Cinderella after the dance.
Connectors of opinion
 Personally, (“personalmente”)
 In my opinion, (“en mi opinión”)
 As I see it,
 In my view, (“desde mi punto de
vista”)
Personally, I prefer watching films in the original
version.
As I see it, subtitles are better than dubbing.
Other useful expressions:
• I (strongly) believe (that) (“creo
que, estoy convencido de”)
• I feel (that
• I think (that) (“creo que, pienso
que”)
• It seems to me (that)(“me parece
que”)
• It is clear that (“está claro que”)
I strongly believe that foreign films should not be
dubbed.
It is clear that the original voices are absolutely unique.
Connectors of similarity
 Similarly,
 Likewise, (“igualmente,
asímismo “)
 In the same way,
Children don’t pay for the museum. Likewise,
pensioners are expempt.
Connectors introducing general
statements
 In general,
 On the whole, (“en general”)
 Generally,
 As a rule, (“como regla general,”)
I passed my driving test yesterday and my sister lent me her
car. On the whole, it was a great day.
 In fact,
 As a matter of fact,
 The truth is (that) (“lo cierto es que”)
(“de hecho”)
 Actually (“en realidad”)
The film was good. In fact, it was one of the best
I’ve ever seen.
Connectors for expressing a reality
 , such as
 , like (“como, como por
ejemplo”)
 , particularly
 , in particular (“en especial,
sobre todo”)
 , especially
 , specifically
 There are several common eating disorders,
such as anorexia and bulimia.
Anorexia affects many people, particularly
teenagers.
• for example,
• for instance, (“por ejemplo”)
Let us consider, for instance, the problem of
anorexia.
Anorexia has many side effects. It can, for
instance, affect your personality.
Connectors for examples
 To begin with,
 In the first place,
 First of all,
 Firstly,
 Secondly, (“en segundo lugar”)
 Thirdly, (“en tercer lugar”)
 Finally, (“finalmente,”)
 Lastly, (“para acabar, en último
lugar”)
In the first place, we must be aware of the
problem.
Secondly, we must discuss the problem in full.
Finally, we must try to reach an agreement.
Connectors to list points
Connectors expressing a conclusion
 In conclusion,
 In short,
 To sum up,
 To conclude,
In short, connentors are not that hard to learn.

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Connectors.pptx

  • 2. TYPES OF CONNECTORS 1. CONNECTORS OF ADDITION 2. CONNECTORS OF CONTRAST 3. CONNECTORS OF CAUSE AND REASON 4. CONNECTORS OF RESULT 5. CONNECTORS OF PURPOSE 6. CONNECTORS OF TIME AND SEQUENCE 7. CONNECTORS OF SIMILARITY 8. CONNECTORS OF OPINION 9. CONNECTORS EXPRESSING GENERAL STATEMENTS 10. CONNECTORS EXPRESSING A REALITY 11. CONNECTORS TO GIVE EXAMPLES 12. CONNECTORS TO LIST POINTS 13. CONNECTORS EXPRESSING CONCLUSION
  • 3. Connectors of addition  In addition to (“además de”)  as well as (“así como”)  apart from (“aparte de”)  except for (“excepto”)  besides (“además de”)  In addition to obesity, fast food causes serious health problems.  Besides obesity, fast food causes serious health problems. Fast food causes obesity as well as serious health problems • In addition, (“además”) • Moreover, • Furthermore, (“además, es más”) • What’s more, • Besides, (note the comma) Fast food causes obesity. In addition, it may also cause serious health problems. Fast food causes obesity. Besides, it may also cause serious health problems. • and (“y) • also (“también”) • too (“también, además”)  Fast food causes obesity. It may also cause serious health problems. Fast food causes obesity, and it may cause serious health problems too
  • 4. Connectors of contrast  In spite of  Despite (“a pesar de”) In spite of the calories, I love burgers! / Despite the calories, I love burgers! •Although (“aunque”) • Even though (“incluso aunque,”) • Even if (“incluso si”) • While • Whereas (“mientras (que)”) Although burguers contain a lot of fat, they’re delicious! subordinate clause • However, (“sin embargo”) • Nevertheless, (“de todas formas”) • On the contrary, (“por el contrario”) • On the one hand, (“por un lado”) • On the other hand, (“por (note the comma) Burgers are tasty. However, they contain a lot of fat. I know fast food is not healthy. On the contrary, it may cause serious health problems.
  • 5.  because of (“debido a”)  due to  owing to (“debido a”)  thanks to (“gracias a”)  as a result of (“como consecuencia de”) + noun My brother is on a diet due to his obesity problems. He expects to lose 15 kilos as a result of the diet,. • because (“porque”) • since • as (“puesto que, ya que”) • seeing that  Since he had serious health problems, he went on a diet.  He went on a diet because he had serious health problems. Connectors of cause and reason
  • 6.  As a result, (“por ello, como consecuencia,”)  As a consequence, como consecuencia, ”)  Therefore,  Consequently,  For this reason, (“por este motivo,”)  That is why, (“ es por ello que,”) ( “por ello,  Thus, (“por lo tanto, así”) + sentence (note the comma) The flood destroyed the village. As a result, many people lost their homes. Connectors of result
  • 7.  in order to  so as to (“para, con el propósito de”)  to You must study in order to learn. You must study so as to be sucessful. • in order that • so that (“para que”) You must study so that you can become educated. main clause  He lent me his notes in order that I could study for hte exam. main clause Connectors of purpose
  • 8. Connectors of time and sequence  when (“cuando”)  while  as (“mientras”)  before (“antes de”)  after (“después de”)  until (“hasta que”)  as soon as (“en cuanto que”)  by the time (“para cuando”)  At first,  Then,  Next,  Later,  After that,  Afterwards,  Finally,  At the end,  Cinderella danced and danced until her feet hurt.  Before the clock stroke 12, she jumped into her coach.  After she had left, she noticed she was missing a shoe.  By the time she got home, her coach had turned into a pumpkin. • before (“antes de”) • after (“después de”) • until (“hasta”) • during (durante, a lo largo de) Cinderella had to arrived home before midnight. The prince looked for Cinderella after the dance.
  • 9. Connectors of opinion  Personally, (“personalmente”)  In my opinion, (“en mi opinión”)  As I see it,  In my view, (“desde mi punto de vista”) Personally, I prefer watching films in the original version. As I see it, subtitles are better than dubbing. Other useful expressions: • I (strongly) believe (that) (“creo que, estoy convencido de”) • I feel (that • I think (that) (“creo que, pienso que”) • It seems to me (that)(“me parece que”) • It is clear that (“está claro que”) I strongly believe that foreign films should not be dubbed. It is clear that the original voices are absolutely unique.
  • 10. Connectors of similarity  Similarly,  Likewise, (“igualmente, asímismo “)  In the same way, Children don’t pay for the museum. Likewise, pensioners are expempt.
  • 11. Connectors introducing general statements  In general,  On the whole, (“en general”)  Generally,  As a rule, (“como regla general,”) I passed my driving test yesterday and my sister lent me her car. On the whole, it was a great day.
  • 12.  In fact,  As a matter of fact,  The truth is (that) (“lo cierto es que”) (“de hecho”)  Actually (“en realidad”) The film was good. In fact, it was one of the best I’ve ever seen. Connectors for expressing a reality
  • 13.  , such as  , like (“como, como por ejemplo”)  , particularly  , in particular (“en especial, sobre todo”)  , especially  , specifically  There are several common eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia. Anorexia affects many people, particularly teenagers. • for example, • for instance, (“por ejemplo”) Let us consider, for instance, the problem of anorexia. Anorexia has many side effects. It can, for instance, affect your personality. Connectors for examples
  • 14.  To begin with,  In the first place,  First of all,  Firstly,  Secondly, (“en segundo lugar”)  Thirdly, (“en tercer lugar”)  Finally, (“finalmente,”)  Lastly, (“para acabar, en último lugar”) In the first place, we must be aware of the problem. Secondly, we must discuss the problem in full. Finally, we must try to reach an agreement. Connectors to list points
  • 15. Connectors expressing a conclusion  In conclusion,  In short,  To sum up,  To conclude, In short, connentors are not that hard to learn.