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C onditional  C lauses
C onditional  C lauses Y ou use a conditional clause to talk about a possible situation and its results. C onditional clauses often begin with ‘if’. T o make a complete sentence, a conditional clause needs a main clause. A  conditional clause can come before or after a main clause.
C onditional  C lauses A  conditional clause is used to talk about a situation that might happen and its possible results. ‘ I f’ is used to talk about events that: happen often may happen in the future could have happened in the past but didn’t happen will probably not happen
C onditional  C lauses E xamples If  the light is red, the battery is probably empty. (This happens often.) I’ll phone you  if  I need you. (This may happen in the future.) If  I had known, I’d have told you. (This could have happened, but it didn’t) If  she phoned me, I’d come immediately. (This will probably not happen.)
C onditional  C lauses W hen something is  generally true  or  happens often  the  present tense  or the  present perfect tense  is used in the main clause and also in the conditional clause. If you  lose  weight too quickly, you soon  regain  it. If a driver  does not own  a license, he  is breaking  the law. If we  have won  the lottery, they  tell  us. If the red light  is blinking , the gas tank  is  probably empty.
C onditional  C lauses Note : You  do not  use the present continuous in both clauses. You don’t say ‘If they  are losing  money, they are getting angry.’
C onditional  C lauses W hen a conditional clause is used with a  present  or a  present perfect tense , an  imperative  is used in the main clause. Call  me if you’re worried. If he has finished,  ask  him to leave quietly If you are very early,  don’t expect  them to be ready.
C onditional  C lauses W hen talking about something that may happen in the future, a  present  or  a present perfect tense  is used in the conditional clause and a  simple future  in the main clause. If you  marry  her, you  will need  money. If you  are going  to America, you  will need  a Visa. If he  has washed  the windows, he  will want  his money.
C onditional  C lauses Note : You  do not  use ‘will’ in conditional clauses. You do not say ‘If I  will  see you tomorrow, I will give you the book.’
C onditional  C lauses W hen talking about something that is unlikely to happen, the  past simple  or the  past continuous  is used in the conditional clause an ‘ would ’ in the main clause. If I  had  enough money, I  would  buy a car. If he  was  coming, I  would  call.
C onditional  C lauses Note : You  do not  use ‘would’ in a conditional clause. You do not say ‘If I  would  do it, I would do it like this.’
C onditional  C lauses ‘ W ere ’ is sometimes used instead of ‘ was ’ in the conditional clause, especially after ‘I’. If I  were  as big as you, I would kill you. If I  weren’t  to busy, I would do it for you. Y ou often say ‘If I were you’ when you are giving advice to someone. If I  were  you, I would take the money. I should keep out of her way, if I  were  you.
C onditional  C lauses W hen talking about something which could have happened in the past but which did not actually happen, you use the  past perfect  in the conditional clause. You use ‘ would have ’ and a  past participle  in the main clause. If he  had realized  that, he  would have run  away. I  wouldn’t have been  so depressed, if I  had known  how common this feeling is.
C onditional  C lauses Note : You  do not  use ‘would have’ in the conditional clause. You do not say ‘If I  would have seen  him, I would have told him’.
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Conditionals

  • 1. C onditional C lauses
  • 2. C onditional C lauses Y ou use a conditional clause to talk about a possible situation and its results. C onditional clauses often begin with ‘if’. T o make a complete sentence, a conditional clause needs a main clause. A conditional clause can come before or after a main clause.
  • 3. C onditional C lauses A conditional clause is used to talk about a situation that might happen and its possible results. ‘ I f’ is used to talk about events that: happen often may happen in the future could have happened in the past but didn’t happen will probably not happen
  • 4. C onditional C lauses E xamples If the light is red, the battery is probably empty. (This happens often.) I’ll phone you if I need you. (This may happen in the future.) If I had known, I’d have told you. (This could have happened, but it didn’t) If she phoned me, I’d come immediately. (This will probably not happen.)
  • 5. C onditional C lauses W hen something is generally true or happens often the present tense or the present perfect tense is used in the main clause and also in the conditional clause. If you lose weight too quickly, you soon regain it. If a driver does not own a license, he is breaking the law. If we have won the lottery, they tell us. If the red light is blinking , the gas tank is probably empty.
  • 6. C onditional C lauses Note : You do not use the present continuous in both clauses. You don’t say ‘If they are losing money, they are getting angry.’
  • 7. C onditional C lauses W hen a conditional clause is used with a present or a present perfect tense , an imperative is used in the main clause. Call me if you’re worried. If he has finished, ask him to leave quietly If you are very early, don’t expect them to be ready.
  • 8. C onditional C lauses W hen talking about something that may happen in the future, a present or a present perfect tense is used in the conditional clause and a simple future in the main clause. If you marry her, you will need money. If you are going to America, you will need a Visa. If he has washed the windows, he will want his money.
  • 9. C onditional C lauses Note : You do not use ‘will’ in conditional clauses. You do not say ‘If I will see you tomorrow, I will give you the book.’
  • 10. C onditional C lauses W hen talking about something that is unlikely to happen, the past simple or the past continuous is used in the conditional clause an ‘ would ’ in the main clause. If I had enough money, I would buy a car. If he was coming, I would call.
  • 11. C onditional C lauses Note : You do not use ‘would’ in a conditional clause. You do not say ‘If I would do it, I would do it like this.’
  • 12. C onditional C lauses ‘ W ere ’ is sometimes used instead of ‘ was ’ in the conditional clause, especially after ‘I’. If I were as big as you, I would kill you. If I weren’t to busy, I would do it for you. Y ou often say ‘If I were you’ when you are giving advice to someone. If I were you, I would take the money. I should keep out of her way, if I were you.
  • 13. C onditional C lauses W hen talking about something which could have happened in the past but which did not actually happen, you use the past perfect in the conditional clause. You use ‘ would have ’ and a past participle in the main clause. If he had realized that, he would have run away. I wouldn’t have been so depressed, if I had known how common this feeling is.
  • 14. C onditional C lauses Note : You do not use ‘would have’ in the conditional clause. You do not say ‘If I would have seen him, I would have told him’.
  • 15. Q uestions? For more slide presentations visit: