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Group Members
• Ravindra Kumar
  Vishwakarma
• Rahul Singh
• Rahul Chawla
• Gaurav Kumar
• Manish Gupta
• Sumit Kumar
About the Concorde

 Concorde was a product of the
       manufacturing efforts
 of Aerospatiale and the British
    Aircraft Corporation (BAC),
 produced under a joint Franco-
British treaty. First flown in 1969,
Concorde entered service in 1976
and continued commercial flights
            for 27 years.
Contd..
• In the late 1950s, France, the United Kingdom,
  United States, and Soviet Union were considering
  developing supersonic transport.
• The designs were both ready to start prototype
  construction in the early 1960s, but the cost was
  so great that the British government made it a
  requirement that British Aircraft look for
  international co-operation.
• Approaches were made to a number of countries,
  but only France showed real interest.
Contd….
  • A draft treaty was signed on
    29 November 1962.
  • The design work was
    supported by a preceding
    research programme
    studying the flight
    characteristics of low
    ratio delta wings. The
    supersonic BAC 221 was
    modified for flight tests of
    the high speed flight
    envelope.
Features
•   Double delta shaped wings.
•   Mach 2.04 cruising speed.
•   Digital air intake system
•   Fly-by-wire and brake-by-wire system .
•   Droop-nose section for better landing visibility
•   Low weight aluminum body .
•   Fuel efficient engine
•   Fuel storage is high .
•   Special paint coating .
Problems
•   Aerodynamics
•   Structural issues
•   High costs
•   Takeoff noise and sonic booms
•   Need to operate aircraft over a
•   Skin temperature
•   Poor range
•   Carbon dioxide rate.
THE ACCIDENT
DATE-25 JULY, 2000


Air France Flight 4590


Cocorde registered as F-BTSC operated by
AIR FRANCE

Scheduled to fly from Charles de Gaulle
International Airport near Paris, to John F.
Kennedy International Airport in New York City

Total causalities reported- one hundred
passengers, nine crew members and four
persons on the ground were killed
Reasons
• According to BEA(Bureau d'Enquêtes et
  d'Analyses pour la Sécurité de l'Aviation Civile)
Post Accident
    It was safest operational passenger airliner in the world in terms of
            passenger deaths-per-kilometres travelled with zero


            tyre explosions 60 times higher than subsonic jets


Safety improvements were made in the wake of the crash, including more
  secure electrical controls, Kevlar lining to the fuel tanks and specially
                      developed burst-resistant tyres


The first flight after the modifications departed from London Heathrow on
     17 July 2001, piloted by BA Chief Concorde Pilot Mike Bannister.


Normal commercial operations resumed on 7 November 2001 by BA and AF
                    (aircraft G-BOAE and F-BTSD)
REASONS OF WITHDRAWL

 On 10 April 2003, Air France and
  British Airways simultaneously    low passenger numbers following
announced that they would retire         the 25 July 2000 crash
     Concorde later that year




  Slump in air travel following        Rising maintenance costs.
      11 September 2001
conclusion
• The withdrawal of the Concorde fleet ended an important
  chapter in airline history. Experts said that, this was
  probably the first time in aviation history when flight
  became slower rather than faster. The Concorde did not
  succeed because the market was not ready for commercial
  supersonic travel.

• No doubt there were people willing to pay huge amounts to
  travel faster than the speed of sound but, these small
  numbers did not have the capacity to justify the costs
  incurred in maintaining the Concorde.
Contd…..
    A project of Concorde's scale required more
widespread acceptability and use to justify its
operation. However, analysts felt that, although the
Concorde would not operate in future, there could
be a market for a project on a much smaller scale
(like a 10-seater plane), providing supersonic travel
to a select few customers who were willing to pay
the price. There was also speculation that a
successor to Concorde could be operational by
around 2030...
Concorde saga

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Concorde saga

  • 1.
  • 2. Group Members • Ravindra Kumar Vishwakarma • Rahul Singh • Rahul Chawla • Gaurav Kumar • Manish Gupta • Sumit Kumar
  • 3. About the Concorde Concorde was a product of the manufacturing efforts of Aerospatiale and the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC), produced under a joint Franco- British treaty. First flown in 1969, Concorde entered service in 1976 and continued commercial flights for 27 years.
  • 4. Contd.. • In the late 1950s, France, the United Kingdom, United States, and Soviet Union were considering developing supersonic transport. • The designs were both ready to start prototype construction in the early 1960s, but the cost was so great that the British government made it a requirement that British Aircraft look for international co-operation. • Approaches were made to a number of countries, but only France showed real interest.
  • 5. Contd…. • A draft treaty was signed on 29 November 1962. • The design work was supported by a preceding research programme studying the flight characteristics of low ratio delta wings. The supersonic BAC 221 was modified for flight tests of the high speed flight envelope.
  • 6.
  • 7. Features • Double delta shaped wings. • Mach 2.04 cruising speed. • Digital air intake system • Fly-by-wire and brake-by-wire system . • Droop-nose section for better landing visibility • Low weight aluminum body . • Fuel efficient engine • Fuel storage is high . • Special paint coating .
  • 8. Problems • Aerodynamics • Structural issues • High costs • Takeoff noise and sonic booms • Need to operate aircraft over a • Skin temperature • Poor range • Carbon dioxide rate.
  • 9.
  • 10. THE ACCIDENT DATE-25 JULY, 2000 Air France Flight 4590 Cocorde registered as F-BTSC operated by AIR FRANCE Scheduled to fly from Charles de Gaulle International Airport near Paris, to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City Total causalities reported- one hundred passengers, nine crew members and four persons on the ground were killed
  • 11. Reasons • According to BEA(Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses pour la Sécurité de l'Aviation Civile)
  • 12. Post Accident It was safest operational passenger airliner in the world in terms of passenger deaths-per-kilometres travelled with zero tyre explosions 60 times higher than subsonic jets Safety improvements were made in the wake of the crash, including more secure electrical controls, Kevlar lining to the fuel tanks and specially developed burst-resistant tyres The first flight after the modifications departed from London Heathrow on 17 July 2001, piloted by BA Chief Concorde Pilot Mike Bannister. Normal commercial operations resumed on 7 November 2001 by BA and AF (aircraft G-BOAE and F-BTSD)
  • 13. REASONS OF WITHDRAWL On 10 April 2003, Air France and British Airways simultaneously low passenger numbers following announced that they would retire the 25 July 2000 crash Concorde later that year Slump in air travel following Rising maintenance costs. 11 September 2001
  • 14. conclusion • The withdrawal of the Concorde fleet ended an important chapter in airline history. Experts said that, this was probably the first time in aviation history when flight became slower rather than faster. The Concorde did not succeed because the market was not ready for commercial supersonic travel. • No doubt there were people willing to pay huge amounts to travel faster than the speed of sound but, these small numbers did not have the capacity to justify the costs incurred in maintaining the Concorde.
  • 15. Contd….. A project of Concorde's scale required more widespread acceptability and use to justify its operation. However, analysts felt that, although the Concorde would not operate in future, there could be a market for a project on a much smaller scale (like a 10-seater plane), providing supersonic travel to a select few customers who were willing to pay the price. There was also speculation that a successor to Concorde could be operational by around 2030...