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Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies         Page




     COMMUNITY POLICING TOWARDS PEACE AND ORDER SUSTENANCE
           IN THE 2ND DISTRICT OF PANGASINAN
                        ______________________




                                 A Thesis

                              Presented to

                   The Faculty of the Graduate School

              LYCEUM – NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY

                             Dagupan City

                  _______________________________




                          In Partial Fulfillment

                    Of the Requirement for the Degree

                    Master in Public Administration




                                   By:


                      BENEDICT C. ESPINOZA
                          March 2, 2011
Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies                              Page




                       CERTIFICATION AND APPROVAL SHEET



       This thesis entitled “COMMUNITY POLICING             TOWARDS PEACE AND

 ORDER SUSTENANCE IN THE 2 ND DISTRICT OF PANGASINAN ”                          has been

 prepared and submitted by BENEDICT C. ESPINOZA in partial fulfillment of the

 requirements for the degree MASTER IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION”.



                                                        JOSEFINA B. BITONIO, DPA
                                                                 Adviser

                                        Thesis Committee


                             ROMANA O. FABREGAS, Ed.D.
                                     Chairman

            JOSEPHINE T. FLORES, DPA                  EUGENE E. REYES, Ed.D
                  Member                                   Member

  Approved on ________________ by the Panel of Examiners on Oral Examination


                             ROMANA O. FABREGAS, Ed.D.
                                        Chairman

           JOSEPHINE T. FLORES, DPA                     EUGENE E. REYES, Ed.D.
                  Member                                      Member

    Accepted and approved in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER IN
 PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION.

 Comprehensive Exam 96%                 Date: June 6, & 13, 2010
Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies                                   Page


                                                    ROMANA O. FABREGAS, Ed.D.
                                                       Dean, Graduate School




                   CERTIFICATION OF THE READING COMMITTEE



    This is to certify that the undersigned members of the Reading Committee have read the

 thesis   entitled “COMMUNITY POLICING                  TOWARDS PEACE AND ORDER

 SUSTENANCE IN THE 2ND DISTRICT OF PANGASINAN”.                          The reading committee

 found the thesis acceptable in accordance with the requirements and standards in thesis writings.

 He is recommended for Final Oral Examination on his thesis on March , 2012.




                               ROMANA O. FABREGAS, Ed.D.
                                       Chairman




            JOSEFINA B. BITONIO, DPA                  JOSEPHINE T. FLORES, DPA
                 Adviser                                       Member




                                 EUGENE E. REYES, Ed.D
                                      Member
Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies                                   Page




                                        ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


           With honor and pride, the researcher wishes to express his heartfelt and profound

  gratitude to all those who unselfishly contributed to the realization of this academic

  endeavor. Specifically, he invokes the Almighty’s blessings upon the following:

           Dr. Romana O. Fabregas, Dean of the Graduate School Dean and the Chairman and

  of his panel for the whose guidance, suggestions and comments that greatly improved the

  study;

           I am immensely grateful to Dr. Josefina B. Bitonio, his adviser, for the unwavering

  support, sacrifice, patience and understanding and for sharing her valuable time and

  expertise in the conduct of this research;

           Dr. Josephine T. Flores and Dr. Eugene E. Reyes of LNU Graduate School and

  panel members for making helpful comments that have greatly improved the study;

           Dr. Lucila M. Caccam, for her constructive comments and assistance in reviewing

  the final version of the manuscript

           I thank everyone who might have remotely contributed in any way at the Philippine

  National Police of Pangasinan for giving me moral support and encouragement to all the.

  To all Police Commissioned Officers and Police Non-Commissioned Officers from eight

  municipalities in 2nd district of Pangasinan for giving their untiring assistance in data
Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies                                    Page

  gathering and providing information from PNP reports which significantly contributed to

  the achievement and success of this study;



         To all the employees of the LNU- Graduate School, Dagupan City, for being

  hospitable and courteous to the researcher.

         The researchers gratefully acknowledges the works of his sources, references,

  journals, published papers and unpublished papers that made a concrete contribution to

  this study.

         His dearest wife, Rachael, parents, brothers and sisters who served as his

  inspirations in the completion of this thesis;

                Above all, he is grateful to the Lord Almighty, for providing him the strength,

  courage, wisdom, determination to pursue this study.




                                                   BENEDICT C. ESPINOZA
Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies                      Page




                                 DEDICATION




                                        I

                                    lovingly

                              and wholeheartedly

                         dedicate this humble work to

                the Philippine National Police officers and staff

              for their undying commitment and dedication to serve

                     and protect the people in our country

                            against insurgency and

                                  criminality.
Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies                    Page




                                 THESIS ABSTRACT


  Title         :   Community Policing Towards Peace and Order
                    Sustenance in the 2nd District of Pangasinan

  Author        :   BENEDICT C. ESPINOZA
  Degree        :   Master in Public Administration
  Institution   :   Lyceum – Northwestern University
                    Graduate Studies Department
                    Dagupan City

  Date          :   April 2012
  Page          :   145

  Adviser       :   JOSEFINA B. BITONIO, DPA

  Key Words     :   Community Policing, Peace and Order
                    Sustenance
  Abstract      :
Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies                               Page

         The study assesses the community policing towards peace and order sustenance in
  the eight (8) municipalities of 2nd District of Pangasinan. It focused on profiling of
  community policing implementation, status of performance, level of effectiveness and
  problems encountered for the period 2008 - 2010. The respondents involved 130 PNP
  members of the PNP and barangay officials. The main source of information was the
  questionnaire and PNP reports as served as source of secondary data.

  Profile of the Implementation
   of Community Policing
          1.1 Manpower involved. The actual manpower in PNP, 2nd district of Pangasinan
  as of July 2011 287 who are assigned as follows: Aguilar (26); Basista (33); Binmaley
  (52); Bugallon (33); Labrador (28); Lingayen (52);;Mangatarem (31), and Urbiztondo
  (32); This excludes 186 member of PNP personnel assigned at the Pangasinan Police
  Provincial Office based at Brgy. Libsong Road.Municipality of Lingayen.
          1.2 Budgetary Support. The annual budgetary support of the PNP 2 nd District is
  ( 3,444,000.00 The PNP and their respective Local Government Units share
  Maintenance and Operating Expenses (MOOE) distributed as follows:               Aguilar
  ( P312,000); Basista ( 396,000.00); Binmaley; ( P624,000.00); Bugallon                (
      395,000.00); Labrador ( P336,000.00); Lingayen ( P624,000.00); Mangatarem (
      372,000.00); and Urbiztondo ( P 384,000.00).

          1.3 Facilities and Equipment. The eight PNP Stations have an annual procurement
  of basic office supplies and other equipment such as typewriters and telecommunications.
  They have a total of 11vehicles consisting of (1) rescue van and (10) patrol cars. Based
  on a documentary analysis of the PNP’s 2012 Annual Procurement Program, the three
  municipalities namely: Binmaley, Labrador and Mangatatem have two service vehicles
  each while each of the remaining five municipalities had one service vehicle.
          1.4 Services being rendered. The PNP offices have wide array of services as
  follows: (1) locating missing persons; (2) issuing police clearances and anti-carnapping
  clearances; (3) conducting rescue operations in coordination with concerned agencies
  during emergencies and disasters; (4) providing community policing through patrolling;
  peacekeeping and counseling;(5) providing security services on holidays and special
  occasions; (6) issuing firearm licenses;(7) executing court orders and municipal
  ordinances; (8) conduct of Barangay Information Network (BIN) and mediation to family
  feud; (9) conducting consultations with community members; and (10) providing security
  escorts to VIP’s and foreign liasoning.
          1.5 Population. Based from the 2007 population census, the 2nd district of
  Pangasinan has a total population of 424,845 distributed as follows: Aguilar (33,213);
  Basista (28,104); Binmaley (76,214); Bugallon (62,237); Labrador (20,508); Lingayen
  (95,773); Mangatarem (65,366); and Urbiztondo (43,430).
          1.6 Ratio of Policeman to Population. The ratio computation resulted to the
  following information; Aguilar (1:1277): Basista (1:852): Binmaley (1:1466): Bugallon
  (1:886): Labrador (1:732): Lingayen (1:1842): Mangatarem (1:2108): and Urbiztondo
  (1:1357). The average ratio for the 2nd District is 1:1480.
          1.7 Partnership with Community. The respondent rated the PNP as being
  “moderate” in their interaction and partnership with the communities.
Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies                               Page


   2. Status of the Performance of the PNP
          2.1 Crime Solution Efficiency Rate. the computed proportion of crimes solved to
  total number of crimes committed was 91% (Very Satisfactory) in 2008, 89%
  (Satisfactory) in 2009 and 90% (Satisfactory) in 2010. The average rate for three
  consecutive years is 90% which is described “satisfactory”.
          2.2 Number and Percentage of Index Crime Solved. The status of PNP
  performance in this aspect was 85% (Fair) in 2008, 82% (Fair) in 2009 and 84% (Fair) in
  2010. The average performance rating in three consecutive years is 83.66% which is
  depicted as “fair”.
          2.3 Percentage of Non Index Crime. The PNP’s performance in the 2 nd District
  reveals 96% (Excellent) in 2008 for crime solution efficiency rate, 97% (Excellent) in



  2009 for number and percentage of crime solved and garnering 97% (Excellent) in 2010
  resulting a computed average rating of 97% described as “Excellent”.

  3. Level of Effectiveness of the PNP Involved in Community Policing Relative to the
      Peace and Order Situation
        The PNP rating in the 2nd District manifested a “highly effective” along
  (1) transparency as well as greater consultation and participation by PNP with community
  leaders (4.41) and (2) The PNP as the protector of the people (4.56).

   4. Proposed Intervention measures
          The proposed intervention measures are categorized as follows: capability and
  efficiency building thru education and training; institutional governance of the PNP;
  upgrading the facilities and equipments, and financial support for implementation by the
  PNP in each municipality to sustain peace and order in the 2nd District of Pangasinan

  CONCLUSIONS
      Based on the findings, the following conclusions were drawn:
      1. The PNP in the 2ND District of Pangasinan have a limited number of manpower
         serving a big population and operations with minimal budget with an array of
         public safety services programs rendered.
      2. The Performance of PNP in solving index crime is “fair” and non index crime
         is “excellent” and crime efficiency ratio rate is “satisfactory”.
      3. The PNP involvement in community policing relative to the peace and order
         situation is “effective”.
      4.   The problems of the PNP that were found to be “serious” are inadequate
           number of manpower and lack of facilities such as patrol cars, radios and
           office equipments as well as the provision of regular funds for their MOOE
           for repair of its facilities, equipments, and gas for crime prevention programs
           and overall public safety services

    RECOMMENDATIONS
Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies                               Page

            Based from the conclusions, the following recommendations are highly and
       tactfully forwarded.
       1.    The LGUs should provide substantial budget to maintain peace and order
            programs in their localities and for PNP to lobby in the Congress for an
            increase in their budget as this will contribute greatly to maintain peace and
            order in the country.
       2. To improve community policing towards peace and order sustenance in the
            implementation, the implementation of the intervention measures is proposed
            for all the municipalities in the 2nd District of Pangasinan.
       3.    Enhancing the PNP personnel capability and effectiveness through Police
            Information and Continuing Education (PICE) program should be taken into
            account in order for them to serve the community effectively, efficiency and
            orderly.

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  • 1. Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies Page COMMUNITY POLICING TOWARDS PEACE AND ORDER SUSTENANCE IN THE 2ND DISTRICT OF PANGASINAN ______________________ A Thesis Presented to The Faculty of the Graduate School LYCEUM – NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Dagupan City _______________________________ In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirement for the Degree Master in Public Administration By: BENEDICT C. ESPINOZA March 2, 2011
  • 2. Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies Page CERTIFICATION AND APPROVAL SHEET This thesis entitled “COMMUNITY POLICING TOWARDS PEACE AND ORDER SUSTENANCE IN THE 2 ND DISTRICT OF PANGASINAN ” has been prepared and submitted by BENEDICT C. ESPINOZA in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION”. JOSEFINA B. BITONIO, DPA Adviser Thesis Committee ROMANA O. FABREGAS, Ed.D. Chairman JOSEPHINE T. FLORES, DPA EUGENE E. REYES, Ed.D Member Member Approved on ________________ by the Panel of Examiners on Oral Examination ROMANA O. FABREGAS, Ed.D. Chairman JOSEPHINE T. FLORES, DPA EUGENE E. REYES, Ed.D. Member Member Accepted and approved in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION. Comprehensive Exam 96% Date: June 6, & 13, 2010
  • 3. Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies Page ROMANA O. FABREGAS, Ed.D. Dean, Graduate School CERTIFICATION OF THE READING COMMITTEE This is to certify that the undersigned members of the Reading Committee have read the thesis entitled “COMMUNITY POLICING TOWARDS PEACE AND ORDER SUSTENANCE IN THE 2ND DISTRICT OF PANGASINAN”. The reading committee found the thesis acceptable in accordance with the requirements and standards in thesis writings. He is recommended for Final Oral Examination on his thesis on March , 2012. ROMANA O. FABREGAS, Ed.D. Chairman JOSEFINA B. BITONIO, DPA JOSEPHINE T. FLORES, DPA Adviser Member EUGENE E. REYES, Ed.D Member
  • 4. Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies Page ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS With honor and pride, the researcher wishes to express his heartfelt and profound gratitude to all those who unselfishly contributed to the realization of this academic endeavor. Specifically, he invokes the Almighty’s blessings upon the following: Dr. Romana O. Fabregas, Dean of the Graduate School Dean and the Chairman and of his panel for the whose guidance, suggestions and comments that greatly improved the study; I am immensely grateful to Dr. Josefina B. Bitonio, his adviser, for the unwavering support, sacrifice, patience and understanding and for sharing her valuable time and expertise in the conduct of this research; Dr. Josephine T. Flores and Dr. Eugene E. Reyes of LNU Graduate School and panel members for making helpful comments that have greatly improved the study; Dr. Lucila M. Caccam, for her constructive comments and assistance in reviewing the final version of the manuscript I thank everyone who might have remotely contributed in any way at the Philippine National Police of Pangasinan for giving me moral support and encouragement to all the. To all Police Commissioned Officers and Police Non-Commissioned Officers from eight municipalities in 2nd district of Pangasinan for giving their untiring assistance in data
  • 5. Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies Page gathering and providing information from PNP reports which significantly contributed to the achievement and success of this study; To all the employees of the LNU- Graduate School, Dagupan City, for being hospitable and courteous to the researcher. The researchers gratefully acknowledges the works of his sources, references, journals, published papers and unpublished papers that made a concrete contribution to this study. His dearest wife, Rachael, parents, brothers and sisters who served as his inspirations in the completion of this thesis; Above all, he is grateful to the Lord Almighty, for providing him the strength, courage, wisdom, determination to pursue this study. BENEDICT C. ESPINOZA
  • 6. Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies Page DEDICATION I lovingly and wholeheartedly dedicate this humble work to the Philippine National Police officers and staff for their undying commitment and dedication to serve and protect the people in our country against insurgency and criminality.
  • 7. Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies Page THESIS ABSTRACT Title : Community Policing Towards Peace and Order Sustenance in the 2nd District of Pangasinan Author : BENEDICT C. ESPINOZA Degree : Master in Public Administration Institution : Lyceum – Northwestern University Graduate Studies Department Dagupan City Date : April 2012 Page : 145 Adviser : JOSEFINA B. BITONIO, DPA Key Words : Community Policing, Peace and Order Sustenance Abstract :
  • 8. Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies Page The study assesses the community policing towards peace and order sustenance in the eight (8) municipalities of 2nd District of Pangasinan. It focused on profiling of community policing implementation, status of performance, level of effectiveness and problems encountered for the period 2008 - 2010. The respondents involved 130 PNP members of the PNP and barangay officials. The main source of information was the questionnaire and PNP reports as served as source of secondary data. Profile of the Implementation of Community Policing 1.1 Manpower involved. The actual manpower in PNP, 2nd district of Pangasinan as of July 2011 287 who are assigned as follows: Aguilar (26); Basista (33); Binmaley (52); Bugallon (33); Labrador (28); Lingayen (52);;Mangatarem (31), and Urbiztondo (32); This excludes 186 member of PNP personnel assigned at the Pangasinan Police Provincial Office based at Brgy. Libsong Road.Municipality of Lingayen. 1.2 Budgetary Support. The annual budgetary support of the PNP 2 nd District is ( 3,444,000.00 The PNP and their respective Local Government Units share Maintenance and Operating Expenses (MOOE) distributed as follows: Aguilar ( P312,000); Basista ( 396,000.00); Binmaley; ( P624,000.00); Bugallon ( 395,000.00); Labrador ( P336,000.00); Lingayen ( P624,000.00); Mangatarem ( 372,000.00); and Urbiztondo ( P 384,000.00). 1.3 Facilities and Equipment. The eight PNP Stations have an annual procurement of basic office supplies and other equipment such as typewriters and telecommunications. They have a total of 11vehicles consisting of (1) rescue van and (10) patrol cars. Based on a documentary analysis of the PNP’s 2012 Annual Procurement Program, the three municipalities namely: Binmaley, Labrador and Mangatatem have two service vehicles each while each of the remaining five municipalities had one service vehicle. 1.4 Services being rendered. The PNP offices have wide array of services as follows: (1) locating missing persons; (2) issuing police clearances and anti-carnapping clearances; (3) conducting rescue operations in coordination with concerned agencies during emergencies and disasters; (4) providing community policing through patrolling; peacekeeping and counseling;(5) providing security services on holidays and special occasions; (6) issuing firearm licenses;(7) executing court orders and municipal ordinances; (8) conduct of Barangay Information Network (BIN) and mediation to family feud; (9) conducting consultations with community members; and (10) providing security escorts to VIP’s and foreign liasoning. 1.5 Population. Based from the 2007 population census, the 2nd district of Pangasinan has a total population of 424,845 distributed as follows: Aguilar (33,213); Basista (28,104); Binmaley (76,214); Bugallon (62,237); Labrador (20,508); Lingayen (95,773); Mangatarem (65,366); and Urbiztondo (43,430). 1.6 Ratio of Policeman to Population. The ratio computation resulted to the following information; Aguilar (1:1277): Basista (1:852): Binmaley (1:1466): Bugallon (1:886): Labrador (1:732): Lingayen (1:1842): Mangatarem (1:2108): and Urbiztondo (1:1357). The average ratio for the 2nd District is 1:1480. 1.7 Partnership with Community. The respondent rated the PNP as being “moderate” in their interaction and partnership with the communities.
  • 9. Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies Page 2. Status of the Performance of the PNP 2.1 Crime Solution Efficiency Rate. the computed proportion of crimes solved to total number of crimes committed was 91% (Very Satisfactory) in 2008, 89% (Satisfactory) in 2009 and 90% (Satisfactory) in 2010. The average rate for three consecutive years is 90% which is described “satisfactory”. 2.2 Number and Percentage of Index Crime Solved. The status of PNP performance in this aspect was 85% (Fair) in 2008, 82% (Fair) in 2009 and 84% (Fair) in 2010. The average performance rating in three consecutive years is 83.66% which is depicted as “fair”. 2.3 Percentage of Non Index Crime. The PNP’s performance in the 2 nd District reveals 96% (Excellent) in 2008 for crime solution efficiency rate, 97% (Excellent) in 2009 for number and percentage of crime solved and garnering 97% (Excellent) in 2010 resulting a computed average rating of 97% described as “Excellent”. 3. Level of Effectiveness of the PNP Involved in Community Policing Relative to the Peace and Order Situation The PNP rating in the 2nd District manifested a “highly effective” along (1) transparency as well as greater consultation and participation by PNP with community leaders (4.41) and (2) The PNP as the protector of the people (4.56). 4. Proposed Intervention measures The proposed intervention measures are categorized as follows: capability and efficiency building thru education and training; institutional governance of the PNP; upgrading the facilities and equipments, and financial support for implementation by the PNP in each municipality to sustain peace and order in the 2nd District of Pangasinan CONCLUSIONS Based on the findings, the following conclusions were drawn: 1. The PNP in the 2ND District of Pangasinan have a limited number of manpower serving a big population and operations with minimal budget with an array of public safety services programs rendered. 2. The Performance of PNP in solving index crime is “fair” and non index crime is “excellent” and crime efficiency ratio rate is “satisfactory”. 3. The PNP involvement in community policing relative to the peace and order situation is “effective”. 4. The problems of the PNP that were found to be “serious” are inadequate number of manpower and lack of facilities such as patrol cars, radios and office equipments as well as the provision of regular funds for their MOOE for repair of its facilities, equipments, and gas for crime prevention programs and overall public safety services RECOMMENDATIONS
  • 10. Lyceum-Northwestern University Graduate Studies Page Based from the conclusions, the following recommendations are highly and tactfully forwarded. 1. The LGUs should provide substantial budget to maintain peace and order programs in their localities and for PNP to lobby in the Congress for an increase in their budget as this will contribute greatly to maintain peace and order in the country. 2. To improve community policing towards peace and order sustenance in the implementation, the implementation of the intervention measures is proposed for all the municipalities in the 2nd District of Pangasinan. 3. Enhancing the PNP personnel capability and effectiveness through Police Information and Continuing Education (PICE) program should be taken into account in order for them to serve the community effectively, efficiency and orderly.