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Community Organizing for Post-Disaster Social
Development
Locating Social Work
Loreta Pyles
Post disaster
recovery
Social work
interventions
Traumatic
stress
Resources for
disadvantaged and
vulnerable populations
Coordination
of various
intervention
systems
Demonstrate similar
results in PH, Turkey etc
(Allen, 2003; Ozerdem, 2003)
P
O
V
E
R
T
Y
Aerial Photograph of 1993 Midwest Flood, Illinois River, Illinois
USA
8 Low-income and marginalized communities
suffer a downward spiral of deterioration after a
disaster
high rates in
communities were
associated with the
failure to survive
Sundet and Mermelstein (1996) analyzed the association
between community characteristics before a disaster and
the survival or failure after disaster
Disasters are sometimes the result of unresolved development challenges.
Sustainable development can reduce vulnerability by addressing the root causes of disasters
and lack of access to economic and political tools. Ozerdem (2003:201)
There are needs to met
1. Access to safe and affordable housing
2. Clean environments
3. Living-wage jobs
4. Other aspects of social development
US SETTING
Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans in August 2005
PH SETTING
Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines in
Nov 3 2013 – Nov 11 2013
Axel-Lute (2016) to undertake these social development
processes, new grassroots efforts have emerged
In Disaster and Community practice examples are
1. Self help or mutual aid which includes indigenous
volunteers then increase citizens participation
2. Participatory rural appraisal (PRA), an action research tool
that involves community members in defining and working to
solve local concerns (Chambers, 1994)
3. Rapid ethnographic assessment procedures (REAP)
recovery technique that attends to the important role of
community healing and participation in disaster management
(Victoria, 2001).
key elements of this approach that are relevant to post-disaster
community organizing are as follows.
1. Participatory processes that include the most vulnerable
members
of society.
2. Strengthening the capacities of local communities.
3. Linking disaster and development issues
4. Outsiders having a supportive, facilitating and catalytic role
Slide 8
Community Organizing in New Orleans
Hurricane Katrina
Louisiana Recovery Authority
• Kathleen Blanco (Federal Hurricane
Recovery Director)
Bring New Orleans Back Commission
• Mayor Ray Nagin
President George W. Bush
Slide 9
Other Key Players in the Recovery Process
Community Support
Organization
(CSO)
Federal Emergency
Management Agency
(FEMA)
New Orleans Community
Support Foundation
(NOCSF)
•
•US Congress
• Louisiana state
legislature
• New Orleans city
planning commission
Slide 10
Citizens of New Orleans faced:
Living - wage jobs
Barriers to Safety Affordable Housing
Good schools for their
children
Slide 11
Barriers to Organization After
Hurricane Katrina
1. Displacement
2. People’s lives have been in
chaos.
Conditions of Organizing After Disaster
1. A provocative event is needed
for individual mobilization.
2. People are also open to what
outsiders and the world may
have to teach.
Slide 12
Neighborhood’s Planning
Network
Power of Organizing
Voter’s rights issue
Right to return to public housing
facilities
“ Disasters and their impacts are the result of
unresolved development challenges, then disasters
can provide new opportunities for development ”.
Ozerdem (2003)
“ Disasters often create political and economic
atmosphere wherein extensive changes can be made
more rapidly than under normal circumstances… The
collective will to take action is an advantage that
should not be wasted”.
UN Disaster Relief Organization (UNDRO)
Slide 15
1. Social worker’s focus on micro-level issues
2. Social work education
- Traditional human behavior theories, mental health and
organizational administration.
3. Fundable activity
Reasons why Social Work has not contributed significantly to
post-disaster social development and organization
Slide 16
Critical Incident Stress Debriefing
(CISD)
Implications and Conclusions
Social workers should focus on service
coordination and post- disaster organizing
development
Presentation Title Here Slide 17
REFERENCES
Development and Peace. (2017). “How Typhoon Haiyan
survivors are rebuilding their lives and communities with
help from Development and Peace” . Retrieved Dec 15,
2017. (https://reliefweb.int/report/philippines/how-typhoon-
haiyan-survivors-are-rebuilding-their-lives-and-
communities-help)
Pyles, Loretta. (2016). “Community organizing for post-
disaster social development Locating social work”.
Thank You!
Any Questions?

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Com org-report

  • 1. Community Organizing for Post-Disaster Social Development Locating Social Work Loreta Pyles
  • 2. Post disaster recovery Social work interventions Traumatic stress Resources for disadvantaged and vulnerable populations Coordination of various intervention systems
  • 3. Demonstrate similar results in PH, Turkey etc (Allen, 2003; Ozerdem, 2003) P O V E R T Y Aerial Photograph of 1993 Midwest Flood, Illinois River, Illinois USA 8 Low-income and marginalized communities suffer a downward spiral of deterioration after a disaster high rates in communities were associated with the failure to survive Sundet and Mermelstein (1996) analyzed the association between community characteristics before a disaster and the survival or failure after disaster
  • 4. Disasters are sometimes the result of unresolved development challenges. Sustainable development can reduce vulnerability by addressing the root causes of disasters and lack of access to economic and political tools. Ozerdem (2003:201) There are needs to met 1. Access to safe and affordable housing 2. Clean environments 3. Living-wage jobs 4. Other aspects of social development
  • 5. US SETTING Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans in August 2005 PH SETTING Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines in Nov 3 2013 – Nov 11 2013
  • 6. Axel-Lute (2016) to undertake these social development processes, new grassroots efforts have emerged In Disaster and Community practice examples are 1. Self help or mutual aid which includes indigenous volunteers then increase citizens participation 2. Participatory rural appraisal (PRA), an action research tool that involves community members in defining and working to solve local concerns (Chambers, 1994) 3. Rapid ethnographic assessment procedures (REAP)
  • 7. recovery technique that attends to the important role of community healing and participation in disaster management (Victoria, 2001). key elements of this approach that are relevant to post-disaster community organizing are as follows. 1. Participatory processes that include the most vulnerable members of society. 2. Strengthening the capacities of local communities. 3. Linking disaster and development issues 4. Outsiders having a supportive, facilitating and catalytic role
  • 8. Slide 8 Community Organizing in New Orleans Hurricane Katrina Louisiana Recovery Authority • Kathleen Blanco (Federal Hurricane Recovery Director) Bring New Orleans Back Commission • Mayor Ray Nagin President George W. Bush
  • 9. Slide 9 Other Key Players in the Recovery Process Community Support Organization (CSO) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) New Orleans Community Support Foundation (NOCSF) • •US Congress • Louisiana state legislature • New Orleans city planning commission
  • 10. Slide 10 Citizens of New Orleans faced: Living - wage jobs Barriers to Safety Affordable Housing Good schools for their children
  • 11. Slide 11 Barriers to Organization After Hurricane Katrina 1. Displacement 2. People’s lives have been in chaos. Conditions of Organizing After Disaster 1. A provocative event is needed for individual mobilization. 2. People are also open to what outsiders and the world may have to teach.
  • 12. Slide 12 Neighborhood’s Planning Network Power of Organizing Voter’s rights issue Right to return to public housing facilities
  • 13. “ Disasters and their impacts are the result of unresolved development challenges, then disasters can provide new opportunities for development ”. Ozerdem (2003)
  • 14. “ Disasters often create political and economic atmosphere wherein extensive changes can be made more rapidly than under normal circumstances… The collective will to take action is an advantage that should not be wasted”. UN Disaster Relief Organization (UNDRO)
  • 15. Slide 15 1. Social worker’s focus on micro-level issues 2. Social work education - Traditional human behavior theories, mental health and organizational administration. 3. Fundable activity Reasons why Social Work has not contributed significantly to post-disaster social development and organization
  • 16. Slide 16 Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) Implications and Conclusions Social workers should focus on service coordination and post- disaster organizing development
  • 17. Presentation Title Here Slide 17 REFERENCES Development and Peace. (2017). “How Typhoon Haiyan survivors are rebuilding their lives and communities with help from Development and Peace” . Retrieved Dec 15, 2017. (https://reliefweb.int/report/philippines/how-typhoon- haiyan-survivors-are-rebuilding-their-lives-and- communities-help) Pyles, Loretta. (2016). “Community organizing for post- disaster social development Locating social work”.