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Balancing the Need to Travel with  the Need to Improve Quality of Life  in Hong Kong April 24, 2010 Presented by: Mr. Chapman Lam Divisional Director (Transportation engineering),  MVA Hong Kong Limited
Top Down / Bottom Up World China Pearl River Delta Hong Kong CBD Neighbourhoods People A World City A Liveable City
HK History 1194 (Sung Dynasty) 1834 (Qing Dynasty)
HK History Coastline originally a resource to accommodate urban growth and economic development Now seen as an asset in itself to be maintained for the community
Hong Kong Evolved into: Commerce Entertainment Tourism Transport Homes A Super-Icon Statue Square, 1925 Admiralty, 50’s
Pollution in Hong Kong Asia’s World City
Sustainable Development : Evolution of Priorities Adjusting transport strategies to meet balanced economic, environmental and social development
Extending Consultation to Participation, Implementation and Travel Choice A better educated and more affluent public want more involvement and can bring new insights and ideas Participation in the process to enable the public to take on greater civic responsibilities and make better choices
Policy Directions Priority to rail and public transport Balanced infrastructure development Managing road use including vehicle ownership restraint Promoting environmentally friendly modes Promoting walking and pedestrian facilities The challenge is to turn policy statements into coordinated plans and implement them
Boundary Crossings and Modes Destination for International and Cross-boundary Travel
Future Railway Network By 2021 Rail Network Coverage in urban area will Approach International Levels Providing the Opportunity for Sustainable Transport Initiatives
Mode Share Comparison of Major Cities Hong Kong Central London Singapore Tokyo Paris 89% 58% 63% 67% 45% 11% 42% 37% 33% 55% Public Transport Private Car
Future Highway Network Future Roads for Planning and Environmental Objectives not just to Meet Traffic Growth
Bus Network Optimisation World Class Bus System Environmentally Advanced Vehicles Lack of Integration with Rail Greater Priority? Reorientation as Railways Expand? Maintain Choice?
Role of Our Streets Streets were once for people and public transport but now are often seen as movement space for vehicles with poor environments
Changing the Mindset What We Don’t Want What We Want Resource waste Economic costs Social dislocation Environmental deterioration People-oriented Energy efficient  High mobility
Car Ownership and Traffic Growth Hong Kong must continue to contain traffic levels for economic, social and environmental reasons - HOW In the 1980s Hong Kong had the foresight to restrain vehicle ownership
Containing Traffic Growth Objectives – congestion, environment, economic Ownership Restraint Successful since early 1980s fundamental policy Network Management Reallocation of roadspace to more efficient users and for planning and environmental purposes Complex issues requiring full public participation and concensus Changing Behaviour – Pricing Congestion charging / Eco charging Reduced traffic by 15-25% Changing Behaviour - Voluntary car  pooling  / staggered flows, limited impact in Hong Kong
Future Harbour Area Road Network A largely underground strategic network provides opportunities to reorientate surface road hierarchies to favour pedestrians and public transport – not just to permit traffic growth
Reordering the Road Network Hierarchy
Future Railway Network in Harbourfront Area All activity areas within 500m of a railway station Multi-modal hubs integrating rail and bus Hubs to distribute international and cross-boundary travellers
Environmentally Friendly Transport : Intermediate Capacity Systems Modern and environmentally friendly modes for intermediate capacity quality (high priority) corridors Bus Rapid Transit Automatic People Movers Wireless Tram
Making the Most of the Tramway An icon and a public transport system Des Voeux Road Central Precinct Antique Tramway on the Reclamation
Transport Modes Walking  is the most sustainable mode of transport Walking Bicycles Railway / Tram Bus / Mini-bus Taxi Private Car
Why Support Pedestrians Environmentally Friendly Resource Efficient Equitable Affordable Socially Cohesive Cost Effective Healthy Promotes Public Transport Sustainable
Footbridge as a Mean to Improve Junction Capacity Efficient but need to take a balanced view
Pedestrian Space Strategic Local Active Passive / Recreational
Past Walking Strategies Tsim Sha Tsui Central Mid-levels Scheme West Kowloon Reclamation NW-Kowloon Scheme Strategic plans have been implemented piecemeal losing community and network connectivity
Pedestrian and Public Transport Network Plan Creating a public transport and pedestrian city E-Transport System
Grasping Opportunities Ahead : Harbour Walk Comprehensive, continuous, comprehensible and connected Pedestrian Cross Harbour Walk
Past Nathan Road Improvement Concept - 2005 Nathan Road Before Nathan Road After
Past Nathan Road Improvement Concept - 2005 Nathan Road Before Nathan Road After
Road Map to Sustainable Transport Bringing the components together to form a strategy which meets the community needs Rail
What HK Should be High density mixed use  (This is what we are) High quality physical environment Vibrant, exciting social environment Aesthetically and culturally attractive High accessibility and mobility A PLACE WHERE PEOPLE WANT TO WORK, LIVE LEARN AND PLAY, AND INVESTORS ARE CONFIDENT IN A REWARDING FUTURE LIVE LEARN WORK PLAY
Sustainable Transportation Objectives Provide a multi-modal inclusive transport system to meet the needs of all travellers. Create a comprehensive people-oriented travel environment to maximise opportunities for walking, social interaction and mobility. Promote the use of environmentally friendly vehicles and mass carriers, especially railways and modern road-based public transport. Respect and capitalise on essential transport infrastructure provision. Contain road traffic growth to prevent traffic congestion and help resolve street level air quality and noise problems
Striking the Right Balance Our choice? Comprehensive pedestrian networks and people dominated environments? Expanding the railway network further and giving greater priority to feeder buses? More coordination or more choice? Introducing new modes? With CWB and CKR to rethink the allocation of roadspace? To contain traffic growth or build more roads? … Public participation not only through consultation but by being given opportunities to make better travel choices to create a more liveable city
Engineer’s Responsibility
Thank you

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City Speak XI - Is transport the solution or the enemy? Chapman Lam of MVA

  • 1. Balancing the Need to Travel with the Need to Improve Quality of Life in Hong Kong April 24, 2010 Presented by: Mr. Chapman Lam Divisional Director (Transportation engineering), MVA Hong Kong Limited
  • 2. Top Down / Bottom Up World China Pearl River Delta Hong Kong CBD Neighbourhoods People A World City A Liveable City
  • 3. HK History 1194 (Sung Dynasty) 1834 (Qing Dynasty)
  • 4. HK History Coastline originally a resource to accommodate urban growth and economic development Now seen as an asset in itself to be maintained for the community
  • 5. Hong Kong Evolved into: Commerce Entertainment Tourism Transport Homes A Super-Icon Statue Square, 1925 Admiralty, 50’s
  • 6. Pollution in Hong Kong Asia’s World City
  • 7. Sustainable Development : Evolution of Priorities Adjusting transport strategies to meet balanced economic, environmental and social development
  • 8. Extending Consultation to Participation, Implementation and Travel Choice A better educated and more affluent public want more involvement and can bring new insights and ideas Participation in the process to enable the public to take on greater civic responsibilities and make better choices
  • 9. Policy Directions Priority to rail and public transport Balanced infrastructure development Managing road use including vehicle ownership restraint Promoting environmentally friendly modes Promoting walking and pedestrian facilities The challenge is to turn policy statements into coordinated plans and implement them
  • 10. Boundary Crossings and Modes Destination for International and Cross-boundary Travel
  • 11. Future Railway Network By 2021 Rail Network Coverage in urban area will Approach International Levels Providing the Opportunity for Sustainable Transport Initiatives
  • 12. Mode Share Comparison of Major Cities Hong Kong Central London Singapore Tokyo Paris 89% 58% 63% 67% 45% 11% 42% 37% 33% 55% Public Transport Private Car
  • 13. Future Highway Network Future Roads for Planning and Environmental Objectives not just to Meet Traffic Growth
  • 14. Bus Network Optimisation World Class Bus System Environmentally Advanced Vehicles Lack of Integration with Rail Greater Priority? Reorientation as Railways Expand? Maintain Choice?
  • 15. Role of Our Streets Streets were once for people and public transport but now are often seen as movement space for vehicles with poor environments
  • 16. Changing the Mindset What We Don’t Want What We Want Resource waste Economic costs Social dislocation Environmental deterioration People-oriented Energy efficient High mobility
  • 17. Car Ownership and Traffic Growth Hong Kong must continue to contain traffic levels for economic, social and environmental reasons - HOW In the 1980s Hong Kong had the foresight to restrain vehicle ownership
  • 18. Containing Traffic Growth Objectives – congestion, environment, economic Ownership Restraint Successful since early 1980s fundamental policy Network Management Reallocation of roadspace to more efficient users and for planning and environmental purposes Complex issues requiring full public participation and concensus Changing Behaviour – Pricing Congestion charging / Eco charging Reduced traffic by 15-25% Changing Behaviour - Voluntary car pooling / staggered flows, limited impact in Hong Kong
  • 19. Future Harbour Area Road Network A largely underground strategic network provides opportunities to reorientate surface road hierarchies to favour pedestrians and public transport – not just to permit traffic growth
  • 20. Reordering the Road Network Hierarchy
  • 21. Future Railway Network in Harbourfront Area All activity areas within 500m of a railway station Multi-modal hubs integrating rail and bus Hubs to distribute international and cross-boundary travellers
  • 22. Environmentally Friendly Transport : Intermediate Capacity Systems Modern and environmentally friendly modes for intermediate capacity quality (high priority) corridors Bus Rapid Transit Automatic People Movers Wireless Tram
  • 23. Making the Most of the Tramway An icon and a public transport system Des Voeux Road Central Precinct Antique Tramway on the Reclamation
  • 24. Transport Modes Walking is the most sustainable mode of transport Walking Bicycles Railway / Tram Bus / Mini-bus Taxi Private Car
  • 25. Why Support Pedestrians Environmentally Friendly Resource Efficient Equitable Affordable Socially Cohesive Cost Effective Healthy Promotes Public Transport Sustainable
  • 26. Footbridge as a Mean to Improve Junction Capacity Efficient but need to take a balanced view
  • 27. Pedestrian Space Strategic Local Active Passive / Recreational
  • 28. Past Walking Strategies Tsim Sha Tsui Central Mid-levels Scheme West Kowloon Reclamation NW-Kowloon Scheme Strategic plans have been implemented piecemeal losing community and network connectivity
  • 29. Pedestrian and Public Transport Network Plan Creating a public transport and pedestrian city E-Transport System
  • 30. Grasping Opportunities Ahead : Harbour Walk Comprehensive, continuous, comprehensible and connected Pedestrian Cross Harbour Walk
  • 31. Past Nathan Road Improvement Concept - 2005 Nathan Road Before Nathan Road After
  • 32. Past Nathan Road Improvement Concept - 2005 Nathan Road Before Nathan Road After
  • 33. Road Map to Sustainable Transport Bringing the components together to form a strategy which meets the community needs Rail
  • 34. What HK Should be High density mixed use (This is what we are) High quality physical environment Vibrant, exciting social environment Aesthetically and culturally attractive High accessibility and mobility A PLACE WHERE PEOPLE WANT TO WORK, LIVE LEARN AND PLAY, AND INVESTORS ARE CONFIDENT IN A REWARDING FUTURE LIVE LEARN WORK PLAY
  • 35. Sustainable Transportation Objectives Provide a multi-modal inclusive transport system to meet the needs of all travellers. Create a comprehensive people-oriented travel environment to maximise opportunities for walking, social interaction and mobility. Promote the use of environmentally friendly vehicles and mass carriers, especially railways and modern road-based public transport. Respect and capitalise on essential transport infrastructure provision. Contain road traffic growth to prevent traffic congestion and help resolve street level air quality and noise problems
  • 36. Striking the Right Balance Our choice? Comprehensive pedestrian networks and people dominated environments? Expanding the railway network further and giving greater priority to feeder buses? More coordination or more choice? Introducing new modes? With CWB and CKR to rethink the allocation of roadspace? To contain traffic growth or build more roads? … Public participation not only through consultation but by being given opportunities to make better travel choices to create a more liveable city