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CHONDROCRANIUM FEATURES OF FROG LARVAE OF THE GENUS  PHYSALAEMUS  (Anura: Leiuperidae) AND THEIR RELATIVES Diogo B. Provete UNESP-São Paulo, Brazil Punta del Este July 2010
Introduction ,[object Object],[object Object]
Grant  et al.  2006
Grant  et al.  2006
Introduction ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
McDiarmid & Altig, 1999
Engystomops  Physalaemus Pseudopaludicola Edalorhina Pleurodema Eupemphix
Aim ,[object Object]
Material and Methods ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Results P. santafecinus P. fernandezae Vera Candioti, 2007 Alcalde  et al.  , 2006
Results Fabrezi & Vera, 1997 P. cuqui P. biligonigerus
Results Fabrezi & Vera, 1997 P. tucumana   P. borelli
Results P. moreirae
Results P. barrioi
Results P. jordanensis
Results P. centralis
Results P. marmoratus
Results P. olfersii
Results P. centralis
Results E. nattereri
Discussion ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Discussion ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Discussion ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Larson & De Sá, 1998 Leptodactylus Carnivorous (e.g.,  L. pentadactylus ) Lentic-benthic (e.g.,  L. fuscus ) Nidicolous (e.g.,  L.  gr.  marmoratus ) Semiterrestrial  Physalaemus Lentic-benthic
Conclusion ,[object Object],[object Object]
Acknowledgements ,[object Object],[object Object],Grant # 011/2010

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Chondrocrania of Physlaemus larvae and their relatives

Editor's Notes

  1. The genus Physalaemus is currently placed in the family Leiperidae. The most relevant literature about the family Leiuperidae. Grant and colleages removed the family from the synonym of Leptodactylidae based on molecular data.
  2. The taxa sampled by those authors were Pseudopaludicola, Physalaemus, Pleurodema and Edalorhina. The family is the sister taxon of a clade composed by the family Bufonidae and Hylodidae, and other Dendrobatoidea. There is no morphological synapomorphy for the family.
  3. The genus Physalaemus comprises currently 46 species, divuded into 7 species groups. The species goups within the genus Physalaemus were reviewed recently by Nascimento and colleages, who removed from the genera Engystomops and Eupemphix fom its synonym. Despite some criticism, their arrangement has been folowed by several authors. The diagnosis og the genus is fully based on adult traits
  4. There are several ecomorphological guilds among tadpoles. They are partially represented here. Carnivores, school of suspension feeder, macrophagus, arboreal, nektonic and benthic (Bufo or Rhinella)
  5. All tadpole of the family Leiuperide present a “pond-type” tadpoles, lentic: benthic. Not so much variation in the body shape.