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UNIT 5 Convention on the
Rights of the Child (C.R.C.)
DIPLOMATURA EN INGLES JURIDICO PARA DERECHOS
HUMANOS.
UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE CUYO SEDE SAN LUIS.
30.7.2021
ADELA PEREZ DEL VISO
UNIT 5 Convention on the
Rights of the Child (C.R.C.)
IN THIS UNIT…
THE C.R.C. CONVENTION
C182 - Worst Forms of Child Labour
Convention, 1999 (No. 182)
The Hague Convention.
UNIT 5 Convention on the
Rights of the Child (C.R.C.)
IN THIS UNIT…
THE C.R.C. CONVENTION
C182 - Worst Forms of Child Labour
Convention, 1999 (No. 182)
The Hague Convention.
THE C.R.C. The INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD.
The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the
Child (CRC) in 1989.
It is important to understand, however, that this Convention did
not emerge out of the blue. Different declarations, covenants and statutes paved the
way for the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
The first major step in the recognition of children’s rights was taken in 1924 when The
League of Nations (https://www.history.com/topics/world- war-i/league-of-nations)
adopted the Geneva Declaration on the Rights of the Child.
(https://historyofrights.ca/wp-content/uploads/statutes/UN_Child.pdf).
The CRC is the most widely and rapidly ratified human rights
treaty in history; in fact all countries on earth, with the
exception of only one, are State Parties to this Convention.
The CRC is a milestone treaty that states the following
Children´s rights, among others:
THIS IS C.R.C. “timeline”:
https://www.unicef.org/child-rights-convention/history-
child-rights
UNIT 5 Convention on the
Rights of the Child (C.R.C.)
IN THIS UNIT…
THE C.R.C. CONVENTION
C182 - Worst Forms of Child Labour
Convention, 1999 (No. 182)
The Hague Convention.
Convention on the Rights of the
Child
November 2014
25th Anniversary
EXERCISE: MATCH THE PICTURE WITH THE CORRECT HEADING
RIGHTS TO…
HEALTH
RIGHT TO AN EDUCATION
IDENTITY
LIFE
FREEDOM FROM EXPLOITATION- FREEDOM
RIGHT TO A LEISURE TIME- RIGHT TO PLAY
STANDARD OF LIVING.
RIGHT TO BE RESPECTED
RIGHT TO AN ADQUATE LIFE IN CASE OF DISABILITY
RIGHT TO A FAIR TREATMENT
The CRC states that every child has a right to life and that
governments ensure children survive and develop healthily.
Every child has the right from birth to a name, a nationality
and to be cared for by his or her parents.
Every child has the right to health and health services.
Every child has the right to be protected from hazardous or
harmful work and from economic exploitation.
Children have the right to rest and leisure, to engage in play
and recreational activities appropriate to the age of the child and
to participate freely in cultural life and the arts.
Every child has the right to an education.
Every child has the right not to be subjected to torture or other
cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Every child has the right to an adequate standard of living.
Children with disabilities have the right to a full and decent life,
in conditions that ensure dignity, promote self-reliance and
facilitate active participation in one’s community.
HERE WE TRY TO READ THE MANDATORY TEXT:
There are four "GUIDING PRINCIPLES" in the C.R.C.:
I- First Guiding Principle: Equality
This is the non-discrimination principle as broached in CRC
FROM PAGE 8 ONWARDS.
THE I.L.O CONVENTION. C182 - Worst Forms of Child
Labour 1999 (No. 182)
Article 3
For the purposes of this Convention, the term the worst forms of
child labour comprises:
(a) all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, such as the
sale and trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom and
forced or compulsory labour, including forced or compulsory
recruitment of children for use in armed conflict;
(b) the use, procuring or offering of a child for prostitution, for the
production of pornography or for pornographic performances;
(c) the use, procuring or offering of a child for illicit activities, in
particular for the production and trafficking of drugs as defined in
the relevant international treaties;
(d) work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is
carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of
children.
Article 6 1. Each Member shall design and implement
programmes of action to eliminate as a priority the worst forms
of child labour.
2. Such programmes of action shall be designed and
implemented in consultation with relevant government
institutions and employers' and workers' organizations, taking
into consideration the views of other concerned groups as
appropriate.
2. Each Member shall, taking into account the importance of education in
eliminating child labour, take effective and time-bound measures to:
(a) prevent the engagement of children in the worst forms of child labour;
(b) provide the necessary and appropriate direct assistance for the
removal of children from the worst forms of child labour and for their
rehabilitation and social integration;
(c) ensure access to free basic education, and, wherever possible and
appropriate, vocational training, for all children removed from the worst
forms of child labour;
(d) identify and reach out to children at special risk; and
(e) take account of the special situation of girls.
LASTLY: 1980 HAGUE CHILD ABDUCTION CONVENTION
The Convention of 25 October 1980 on the Civil Aspects of International
Child Abduction
The purpose of the 1980 Hague Convention is to return abducted children
forthwith to their country of habitual residence, through the cooperation of
authorities established in each of the signatory states and their judiciaries. 40
years on from its inception, the 1980 Hague Convention remains the principal
source of relief for parents seeking the return of an abducted child from
another member state.
In 1980, an international group of legislators of the Hague permanent bureau
of private international law finalised the details of a multilateral treaty aimed
at deterring International Parental Child Abductions.This was the inception of
the 1980 Hague Convention. Predictions made with respect to trends in cross
border relationships and ease of international travel have become more valid
over time. We have also seen the typical demographics and circumstances of
an abduction shift over time, so that now most abductions occur by a primary
caregiver seeking to return to their country of origin.
LASTLY: 1980 HAGUE CHILD ABDUCTION CONVENTION
The Convention of 25 October 1980 on the Civil Aspects of International
Child Abduction
Separation between a parent and a child can have lasting
impacts on the wellbeing of the children in the centre of
international parental child abductions, and THE LAW
recognises the importance of supporting families while they
resolve their parenting dispute.
1980 HAGUE CHILD ABDUCTION CONVENTION
The 1980 Hague Convention has contributed to resolving
thousands of abduction cases and has served as a deterrent to
many others through the clarity of its message (abduction is
harmful to children, who have a right to contact with both
parents) and through the simplicity of its central remedy (the
return order). With currently more than 90 Contracting States,
the 1980 Hague Convention can be viewed as one of the most
successful family law instruments to be completed under the
auspices of the Hague Conference on Private International Law.
The operation of the 1980 Hague Convention has been
further strengthened by complementing provisions in the
Convention of 19 October 1996 on Jurisdiction,
Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Co-
operation in Respect of Parental Responsibility and
Measures for the Protection of Children.
The Child Abduction Section on the website of the Hague
Conference contains the latest information about the
status of the 1980 Convention, and the contact details of
Central Authorities. For this, and much more information
about the 1980 Convention, see < www.hcch.net >.
We revise the Classroom now.
WATCHING ACTIVITY WITH A VIDEO… CHILD LABOUR IN U.S.A.

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Child labour: C.R.C. Convention. The Hague Convention and others

  • 1. UNIT 5 Convention on the Rights of the Child (C.R.C.) DIPLOMATURA EN INGLES JURIDICO PARA DERECHOS HUMANOS. UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE CUYO SEDE SAN LUIS. 30.7.2021 ADELA PEREZ DEL VISO
  • 2. UNIT 5 Convention on the Rights of the Child (C.R.C.) IN THIS UNIT… THE C.R.C. CONVENTION C182 - Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182) The Hague Convention.
  • 3. UNIT 5 Convention on the Rights of the Child (C.R.C.) IN THIS UNIT… THE C.R.C. CONVENTION C182 - Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182) The Hague Convention.
  • 4. THE C.R.C. The INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD. The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in 1989. It is important to understand, however, that this Convention did not emerge out of the blue. Different declarations, covenants and statutes paved the way for the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The first major step in the recognition of children’s rights was taken in 1924 when The League of Nations (https://www.history.com/topics/world- war-i/league-of-nations) adopted the Geneva Declaration on the Rights of the Child. (https://historyofrights.ca/wp-content/uploads/statutes/UN_Child.pdf). The CRC is the most widely and rapidly ratified human rights treaty in history; in fact all countries on earth, with the exception of only one, are State Parties to this Convention.
  • 5. The CRC is a milestone treaty that states the following Children´s rights, among others:
  • 6. THIS IS C.R.C. “timeline”: https://www.unicef.org/child-rights-convention/history- child-rights
  • 7. UNIT 5 Convention on the Rights of the Child (C.R.C.) IN THIS UNIT… THE C.R.C. CONVENTION C182 - Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182) The Hague Convention.
  • 8. Convention on the Rights of the Child November 2014 25th Anniversary
  • 9. EXERCISE: MATCH THE PICTURE WITH THE CORRECT HEADING RIGHTS TO… HEALTH RIGHT TO AN EDUCATION IDENTITY LIFE FREEDOM FROM EXPLOITATION- FREEDOM RIGHT TO A LEISURE TIME- RIGHT TO PLAY STANDARD OF LIVING. RIGHT TO BE RESPECTED RIGHT TO AN ADQUATE LIFE IN CASE OF DISABILITY RIGHT TO A FAIR TREATMENT
  • 10. The CRC states that every child has a right to life and that governments ensure children survive and develop healthily.
  • 11. Every child has the right from birth to a name, a nationality and to be cared for by his or her parents.
  • 12. Every child has the right to health and health services.
  • 13. Every child has the right to be protected from hazardous or harmful work and from economic exploitation.
  • 14. Children have the right to rest and leisure, to engage in play and recreational activities appropriate to the age of the child and to participate freely in cultural life and the arts.
  • 15. Every child has the right to an education.
  • 16. Every child has the right not to be subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
  • 17. Every child has the right to an adequate standard of living.
  • 18. Children with disabilities have the right to a full and decent life, in conditions that ensure dignity, promote self-reliance and facilitate active participation in one’s community.
  • 19. HERE WE TRY TO READ THE MANDATORY TEXT: There are four "GUIDING PRINCIPLES" in the C.R.C.: I- First Guiding Principle: Equality This is the non-discrimination principle as broached in CRC FROM PAGE 8 ONWARDS.
  • 20. THE I.L.O CONVENTION. C182 - Worst Forms of Child Labour 1999 (No. 182) Article 3 For the purposes of this Convention, the term the worst forms of child labour comprises: (a) all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, such as the sale and trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom and forced or compulsory labour, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict; (b) the use, procuring or offering of a child for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances; (c) the use, procuring or offering of a child for illicit activities, in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs as defined in the relevant international treaties; (d) work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children.
  • 21. Article 6 1. Each Member shall design and implement programmes of action to eliminate as a priority the worst forms of child labour. 2. Such programmes of action shall be designed and implemented in consultation with relevant government institutions and employers' and workers' organizations, taking into consideration the views of other concerned groups as appropriate. 2. Each Member shall, taking into account the importance of education in eliminating child labour, take effective and time-bound measures to: (a) prevent the engagement of children in the worst forms of child labour; (b) provide the necessary and appropriate direct assistance for the removal of children from the worst forms of child labour and for their rehabilitation and social integration; (c) ensure access to free basic education, and, wherever possible and appropriate, vocational training, for all children removed from the worst forms of child labour; (d) identify and reach out to children at special risk; and (e) take account of the special situation of girls.
  • 22. LASTLY: 1980 HAGUE CHILD ABDUCTION CONVENTION The Convention of 25 October 1980 on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction The purpose of the 1980 Hague Convention is to return abducted children forthwith to their country of habitual residence, through the cooperation of authorities established in each of the signatory states and their judiciaries. 40 years on from its inception, the 1980 Hague Convention remains the principal source of relief for parents seeking the return of an abducted child from another member state. In 1980, an international group of legislators of the Hague permanent bureau of private international law finalised the details of a multilateral treaty aimed at deterring International Parental Child Abductions.This was the inception of the 1980 Hague Convention. Predictions made with respect to trends in cross border relationships and ease of international travel have become more valid over time. We have also seen the typical demographics and circumstances of an abduction shift over time, so that now most abductions occur by a primary caregiver seeking to return to their country of origin.
  • 23. LASTLY: 1980 HAGUE CHILD ABDUCTION CONVENTION The Convention of 25 October 1980 on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction Separation between a parent and a child can have lasting impacts on the wellbeing of the children in the centre of international parental child abductions, and THE LAW recognises the importance of supporting families while they resolve their parenting dispute.
  • 24. 1980 HAGUE CHILD ABDUCTION CONVENTION The 1980 Hague Convention has contributed to resolving thousands of abduction cases and has served as a deterrent to many others through the clarity of its message (abduction is harmful to children, who have a right to contact with both parents) and through the simplicity of its central remedy (the return order). With currently more than 90 Contracting States, the 1980 Hague Convention can be viewed as one of the most successful family law instruments to be completed under the auspices of the Hague Conference on Private International Law.
  • 25. The operation of the 1980 Hague Convention has been further strengthened by complementing provisions in the Convention of 19 October 1996 on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Co- operation in Respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children. The Child Abduction Section on the website of the Hague Conference contains the latest information about the status of the 1980 Convention, and the contact details of Central Authorities. For this, and much more information about the 1980 Convention, see < www.hcch.net >.
  • 26. We revise the Classroom now.
  • 27.
  • 28. WATCHING ACTIVITY WITH A VIDEO… CHILD LABOUR IN U.S.A.