SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Chapter3
Model
for
Decision
Making
Shared or team situation awareness
In aviation, the development of situation awareness is rarely an
individual process, and aviation personnel are generally mindful that they are
part of a system. To be most effective, this system and its many subsystems
must co-ordinate information flows and the sharing of knowledge.
Shared or team situation awareness has been defined as the degree to
which every team member possesses the situation awareness required for his or
her responsibilities. The three-level model of situation awareness is also
relevant here. The coordination of information transfer among crewmembers
involves more than just sharing data; it also includes sharing
comprehension and projection.
Team situation awareness is improved by individual situation awareness
being shared via four key process skills: planning, communication, leadership
and adaptability (Prince & Salas, 1993). It appears that the quality of team
situation awareness is strongly associated with other indicators of team
effectiveness, such as trust, cohesion, Strong interpersonal connections, and a
positive group climate.
IMSAFE is an
acronym used in aviation
to help pilots assess
their physical and mental
fitness before a flight.
IMSAFE is used as a
“self-check” to ensure
that you, the pilot, are
as ready to fly as the
aircraft is.
Ultimately, the
safety of a flight is
I – Illness
In the traditional workplace, your usual call-in-sick illness, such as flu or food
poisoning, will naturally also prevent you from flying.
But, when it comes to flying, you must be even more careful.
Firstly, flying requires good concentration, decision-making, and the utilization of
almost all of your senses. Even a light cough could prevent you from communicating on
the radio, and a slight headache may be the seed that grows to be a poor decision.
Furthermore, light illnesses may be significantly worsened because of the nature of
the aviation environment. The most notable example is the sinuses. Even a mild sinus
infection can be excruciating during the flight due to the change in air pressure and
may cause significant vertigo. Not the situation you’d want to find yourself in when
you’re the only one flying.
If you’re not feeling 100%, the safest action is to delay the flight. If you’re
M – Medication
It is unwise to take medication without understanding the exact side
effects you will experience. Even a simple tablet to stop a headache may
make you too drowsy to fly.
Always consult your doctor or Aviation Medical Examiner about the
effects of any medication you take.
S – Stress
Psychological stress can impair your
ability to make good decisions and react
quickly to unexpected situations.
You have a responsibility to yourself and
your passengers to perform to the best of
your abilities when flying. If there are
external factors affecting your stress
levels, it is vital that you address
them before flying.
Sometimes, the nature of the flight
itself may be causing increased
stress.Whether taking your check-ride or
flying for the first time in a while, you
should be worried if you aren’t more
stressed than usual.
A – Alcohol
You should never fly while under the influence of alcohol. Not one
drop.
A general rule of 8 hours from bottle to the throttle will serve you well,
although many airlines have more stringent restrictions of 12 or 14 hours
for their crew.
The Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) state that you are not allowed
to fly with a Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of 0.04% or higher (the
driving limit is double at 0.08%).
F – Fatigue
Fatigue is the silent killer, and has been a causal factor in
numerous accidents. Fatigue can impair your cognitive and physical
abilities, making it more challenging to fly safely. From concentration to
hand-eye coordination, fatigue can be a significant threat – in some cases,
even more than alcohol. Always ensure that you get high-quality sleep before
flying, and avoid scheduling flights when you are likely to be tired.
E – Emotion
Emotional distress can also impair
your ability to fly safely.
You must be emotionally stable when flying.
If there are external factors significantly
affecting your emotions, you should address
them before flying.
The IMSAFE acronym is a helpful tool for pilots to assess their physical and
mental readiness before a flight. Each element of the acronym – Illness,
Medication, Stress, Alcohol, Fatigue, and Emotion – plays a vital role in
ensuring the safety of the flight.
References
https://pilotinstitute.com/imsafe-acronym-
explained/#:~:text=The%20IMSAFE%20acronym%2
0is%20a,the%20safety%20of%20the%20flight.
Human Factors/Crew Resource Management
2023

More Related Content

Similar to chapter3 SA_IM SAFE.pptx

Crisis Leaders: Born or Made?
Crisis Leaders: Born or Made?Crisis Leaders: Born or Made?
Crisis Leaders: Born or Made?
Nathaniel Forbes
 
Crisis Leaders: Born or Made?
Crisis Leaders: Born or Made?Crisis Leaders: Born or Made?
Crisis Leaders: Born or Made?
Forbes Calamity Prevention
 
Fatigue is Dangerous
Fatigue is DangerousFatigue is Dangerous
Fatigue is Dangerous
Aeroflow Healthcare
 
Human factors and the dirty dozen
Human factors and the dirty dozenHuman factors and the dirty dozen
Human factors and the dirty dozen
Jonathan Kyffin
 
AMT_Handbook_Addendum_Human_Factors (1).pdf
AMT_Handbook_Addendum_Human_Factors (1).pdfAMT_Handbook_Addendum_Human_Factors (1).pdf
AMT_Handbook_Addendum_Human_Factors (1).pdf
CedrickBryllSison
 
Threat and Error Management in Aviation
Threat and Error Management in AviationThreat and Error Management in Aviation
Threat and Error Management in Aviation
Tilak Ramaprakash
 
Workplace Mental Health eMag - WorkLife August 2019 Issue - Better Workplace ...
Workplace Mental Health eMag - WorkLife August 2019 Issue - Better Workplace ...Workplace Mental Health eMag - WorkLife August 2019 Issue - Better Workplace ...
Workplace Mental Health eMag - WorkLife August 2019 Issue - Better Workplace ...
Workplace Mental Health Institute
 
Introduction to Pilot Judgement FAA P-8740-53
Introduction to Pilot Judgement FAA P-8740-53 Introduction to Pilot Judgement FAA P-8740-53
Introduction to Pilot Judgement FAA P-8740-53
FAA Safety Team Central Florida
 
Aeronautical Decision Making FAA P-8740-69
Aeronautical Decision Making FAA P-8740-69Aeronautical Decision Making FAA P-8740-69
Aeronautical Decision Making FAA P-8740-69
FAA Safety Team Central Florida
 
FAA Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) and CRM for Military & .docx
FAA Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) and CRM for Military & .docxFAA Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) and CRM for Military & .docx
FAA Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) and CRM for Military & .docx
lmelaine
 
FAA Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) and CRM for Military & .docx
FAA Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) and CRM for Military & .docxFAA Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) and CRM for Military & .docx
FAA Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) and CRM for Military & .docx
nealwaters20034
 
Lecture Notes - ADM v2.pdf
Lecture Notes - ADM v2.pdfLecture Notes - ADM v2.pdf
Lecture Notes - ADM v2.pdf
Mike197345
 
FAA Standdown - Dont be Surprised, Be Prepared!
FAA Standdown - Dont be Surprised, Be Prepared!FAA Standdown - Dont be Surprised, Be Prepared!
FAA Standdown - Dont be Surprised, Be Prepared!
FAA Safety Team Central Florida
 
13 Private Human Factors (Crm, Pdm)
13 Private Human Factors (Crm, Pdm)13 Private Human Factors (Crm, Pdm)
13 Private Human Factors (Crm, Pdm)
guest44bc5f
 
FAA Risk Management
FAA Risk ManagementFAA Risk Management
FAA Risk Management
Mohamed Tayfour
 
CAMISurvivalManual.pdf
CAMISurvivalManual.pdfCAMISurvivalManual.pdf
CAMISurvivalManual.pdf
PrinceDogra10
 
The influence of adverse weather conditions on pilots’ behavior and decision ...
The influence of adverse weather conditions on pilots’ behavior and decision ...The influence of adverse weather conditions on pilots’ behavior and decision ...
The influence of adverse weather conditions on pilots’ behavior and decision ...
Berend Roosendaal
 
FAA Risk Management
FAA Risk ManagementFAA Risk Management
FAA Risk Management
Mohamed Tayfour
 
ADM and Pilotage
ADM and PilotageADM and Pilotage
ADM and Pilotage
Snohomish Flying Service
 
CRM
CRMCRM

Similar to chapter3 SA_IM SAFE.pptx (20)

Crisis Leaders: Born or Made?
Crisis Leaders: Born or Made?Crisis Leaders: Born or Made?
Crisis Leaders: Born or Made?
 
Crisis Leaders: Born or Made?
Crisis Leaders: Born or Made?Crisis Leaders: Born or Made?
Crisis Leaders: Born or Made?
 
Fatigue is Dangerous
Fatigue is DangerousFatigue is Dangerous
Fatigue is Dangerous
 
Human factors and the dirty dozen
Human factors and the dirty dozenHuman factors and the dirty dozen
Human factors and the dirty dozen
 
AMT_Handbook_Addendum_Human_Factors (1).pdf
AMT_Handbook_Addendum_Human_Factors (1).pdfAMT_Handbook_Addendum_Human_Factors (1).pdf
AMT_Handbook_Addendum_Human_Factors (1).pdf
 
Threat and Error Management in Aviation
Threat and Error Management in AviationThreat and Error Management in Aviation
Threat and Error Management in Aviation
 
Workplace Mental Health eMag - WorkLife August 2019 Issue - Better Workplace ...
Workplace Mental Health eMag - WorkLife August 2019 Issue - Better Workplace ...Workplace Mental Health eMag - WorkLife August 2019 Issue - Better Workplace ...
Workplace Mental Health eMag - WorkLife August 2019 Issue - Better Workplace ...
 
Introduction to Pilot Judgement FAA P-8740-53
Introduction to Pilot Judgement FAA P-8740-53 Introduction to Pilot Judgement FAA P-8740-53
Introduction to Pilot Judgement FAA P-8740-53
 
Aeronautical Decision Making FAA P-8740-69
Aeronautical Decision Making FAA P-8740-69Aeronautical Decision Making FAA P-8740-69
Aeronautical Decision Making FAA P-8740-69
 
FAA Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) and CRM for Military & .docx
FAA Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) and CRM for Military & .docxFAA Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) and CRM for Military & .docx
FAA Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) and CRM for Military & .docx
 
FAA Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) and CRM for Military & .docx
FAA Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) and CRM for Military & .docxFAA Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) and CRM for Military & .docx
FAA Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) and CRM for Military & .docx
 
Lecture Notes - ADM v2.pdf
Lecture Notes - ADM v2.pdfLecture Notes - ADM v2.pdf
Lecture Notes - ADM v2.pdf
 
FAA Standdown - Dont be Surprised, Be Prepared!
FAA Standdown - Dont be Surprised, Be Prepared!FAA Standdown - Dont be Surprised, Be Prepared!
FAA Standdown - Dont be Surprised, Be Prepared!
 
13 Private Human Factors (Crm, Pdm)
13 Private Human Factors (Crm, Pdm)13 Private Human Factors (Crm, Pdm)
13 Private Human Factors (Crm, Pdm)
 
FAA Risk Management
FAA Risk ManagementFAA Risk Management
FAA Risk Management
 
CAMISurvivalManual.pdf
CAMISurvivalManual.pdfCAMISurvivalManual.pdf
CAMISurvivalManual.pdf
 
The influence of adverse weather conditions on pilots’ behavior and decision ...
The influence of adverse weather conditions on pilots’ behavior and decision ...The influence of adverse weather conditions on pilots’ behavior and decision ...
The influence of adverse weather conditions on pilots’ behavior and decision ...
 
FAA Risk Management
FAA Risk ManagementFAA Risk Management
FAA Risk Management
 
ADM and Pilotage
ADM and PilotageADM and Pilotage
ADM and Pilotage
 
CRM
CRMCRM
CRM
 

More from RatipornChomrit

metric.pptx
metric.pptxmetric.pptx
metric.pptx
RatipornChomrit
 
Chap2_SETS_PDF.pdf
Chap2_SETS_PDF.pdfChap2_SETS_PDF.pdf
Chap2_SETS_PDF.pdf
RatipornChomrit
 
TEM.pptx
TEM.pptxTEM.pptx
TEM.pptx
RatipornChomrit
 
Chap1_Number and Number Sydtem.pptx
Chap1_Number and Number Sydtem.pptxChap1_Number and Number Sydtem.pptx
Chap1_Number and Number Sydtem.pptx
RatipornChomrit
 
Human Factors.pdf
Human Factors.pdfHuman Factors.pdf
Human Factors.pdf
RatipornChomrit
 
Metric in Hospitality Industry.pptx
 Metric in Hospitality Industry.pptx Metric in Hospitality Industry.pptx
Metric in Hospitality Industry.pptx
RatipornChomrit
 
metric.pptx
metric.pptxmetric.pptx
metric.pptx
RatipornChomrit
 
SEO Strategy.pdf
SEO Strategy.pdfSEO Strategy.pdf
SEO Strategy.pdf
RatipornChomrit
 
media.pptx
media.pptxmedia.pptx
media.pptx
RatipornChomrit
 
cooking terminology.pptx
cooking terminology.pptxcooking terminology.pptx
cooking terminology.pptx
RatipornChomrit
 
session5 chapter4 Menu Planning.pptx
session5 chapter4 Menu Planning.pptxsession5 chapter4 Menu Planning.pptx
session5 chapter4 Menu Planning.pptx
RatipornChomrit
 
English Score .pptx
English Score .pptxEnglish Score .pptx
English Score .pptx
RatipornChomrit
 
session8 chapter6 quality system.pptx
session8 chapter6 quality system.pptxsession8 chapter6 quality system.pptx
session8 chapter6 quality system.pptx
RatipornChomrit
 
session5 chapter4 Menu Planning_PDF.pdf
session5 chapter4 Menu Planning_PDF.pdfsession5 chapter4 Menu Planning_PDF.pdf
session5 chapter4 Menu Planning_PDF.pdf
RatipornChomrit
 
session3 chapter2 Flight catering system.pdf
session3 chapter2 Flight catering system.pdfsession3 chapter2 Flight catering system.pdf
session3 chapter2 Flight catering system.pdf
RatipornChomrit
 
Flight catering system.pdf
Flight catering system.pdfFlight catering system.pdf
Flight catering system.pdf
RatipornChomrit
 

More from RatipornChomrit (16)

metric.pptx
metric.pptxmetric.pptx
metric.pptx
 
Chap2_SETS_PDF.pdf
Chap2_SETS_PDF.pdfChap2_SETS_PDF.pdf
Chap2_SETS_PDF.pdf
 
TEM.pptx
TEM.pptxTEM.pptx
TEM.pptx
 
Chap1_Number and Number Sydtem.pptx
Chap1_Number and Number Sydtem.pptxChap1_Number and Number Sydtem.pptx
Chap1_Number and Number Sydtem.pptx
 
Human Factors.pdf
Human Factors.pdfHuman Factors.pdf
Human Factors.pdf
 
Metric in Hospitality Industry.pptx
 Metric in Hospitality Industry.pptx Metric in Hospitality Industry.pptx
Metric in Hospitality Industry.pptx
 
metric.pptx
metric.pptxmetric.pptx
metric.pptx
 
SEO Strategy.pdf
SEO Strategy.pdfSEO Strategy.pdf
SEO Strategy.pdf
 
media.pptx
media.pptxmedia.pptx
media.pptx
 
cooking terminology.pptx
cooking terminology.pptxcooking terminology.pptx
cooking terminology.pptx
 
session5 chapter4 Menu Planning.pptx
session5 chapter4 Menu Planning.pptxsession5 chapter4 Menu Planning.pptx
session5 chapter4 Menu Planning.pptx
 
English Score .pptx
English Score .pptxEnglish Score .pptx
English Score .pptx
 
session8 chapter6 quality system.pptx
session8 chapter6 quality system.pptxsession8 chapter6 quality system.pptx
session8 chapter6 quality system.pptx
 
session5 chapter4 Menu Planning_PDF.pdf
session5 chapter4 Menu Planning_PDF.pdfsession5 chapter4 Menu Planning_PDF.pdf
session5 chapter4 Menu Planning_PDF.pdf
 
session3 chapter2 Flight catering system.pdf
session3 chapter2 Flight catering system.pdfsession3 chapter2 Flight catering system.pdf
session3 chapter2 Flight catering system.pdf
 
Flight catering system.pdf
Flight catering system.pdfFlight catering system.pdf
Flight catering system.pdf
 

Recently uploaded

The Steadfast and Reliable Bull: Taurus Zodiac Sign
The Steadfast and Reliable Bull: Taurus Zodiac SignThe Steadfast and Reliable Bull: Taurus Zodiac Sign
The Steadfast and Reliable Bull: Taurus Zodiac Sign
my Pandit
 
High-Quality IPTV Monthly Subscription for $15
High-Quality IPTV Monthly Subscription for $15High-Quality IPTV Monthly Subscription for $15
High-Quality IPTV Monthly Subscription for $15
advik4387
 
deft. 2024 pricing guide for onboarding
deft.  2024 pricing guide for onboardingdeft.  2024 pricing guide for onboarding
deft. 2024 pricing guide for onboarding
hello960827
 
Sustainable Logistics for Cost Reduction_ IPLTech Electric's Eco-Friendly Tra...
Sustainable Logistics for Cost Reduction_ IPLTech Electric's Eco-Friendly Tra...Sustainable Logistics for Cost Reduction_ IPLTech Electric's Eco-Friendly Tra...
Sustainable Logistics for Cost Reduction_ IPLTech Electric's Eco-Friendly Tra...
IPLTech Electric
 
Enhancing Adoption of AI in Agri-food: Introduction
Enhancing Adoption of AI in Agri-food: IntroductionEnhancing Adoption of AI in Agri-food: Introduction
Enhancing Adoption of AI in Agri-food: Introduction
Cor Verdouw
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
 
Presentation by Herman Kienhuis (Curiosity VC) on Investing in AI for ABS Alu...
Presentation by Herman Kienhuis (Curiosity VC) on Investing in AI for ABS Alu...Presentation by Herman Kienhuis (Curiosity VC) on Investing in AI for ABS Alu...
Presentation by Herman Kienhuis (Curiosity VC) on Investing in AI for ABS Alu...
Herman Kienhuis
 
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan panel Chart Indian Matka Dpbos...
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan panel Chart Indian Matka Dpbos...Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan panel Chart Indian Matka Dpbos...
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan panel Chart Indian Matka Dpbos...
➒➌➎➏➑➐➋➑➐➐Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
 
Registered-Establishment-List-in-Uttarakhand-pdf.pdf
Registered-Establishment-List-in-Uttarakhand-pdf.pdfRegistered-Establishment-List-in-Uttarakhand-pdf.pdf
Registered-Establishment-List-in-Uttarakhand-pdf.pdf
dazzjoker
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
 
Call 8867766396 Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian M...
Call 8867766396 Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian M...Call 8867766396 Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian M...
Call 8867766396 Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian M...
dpbossdpboss69
 
Kalyan Chart Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
Kalyan Chart Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka ResultsKalyan Chart Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
Kalyan Chart Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
 
Pro Tips for Effortless Contract Management
Pro Tips for Effortless Contract ManagementPro Tips for Effortless Contract Management
Pro Tips for Effortless Contract Management
Eternity Paralegal Services
 
PDT 99 - $3.5M - Seed - Feel Therapeutics.pdf
PDT 99 - $3.5M - Seed - Feel Therapeutics.pdfPDT 99 - $3.5M - Seed - Feel Therapeutics.pdf
PDT 99 - $3.5M - Seed - Feel Therapeutics.pdf
HajeJanKamps
 
Kirill Klip GEM Royalty TNR Gold Lithium Presentation
Kirill Klip GEM Royalty TNR Gold Lithium PresentationKirill Klip GEM Royalty TNR Gold Lithium Presentation
Kirill Klip GEM Royalty TNR Gold Lithium Presentation
Kirill Klip
 
Unlocking WhatsApp Marketing with HubSpot: Integrating Messaging into Your Ma...
Unlocking WhatsApp Marketing with HubSpot: Integrating Messaging into Your Ma...Unlocking WhatsApp Marketing with HubSpot: Integrating Messaging into Your Ma...
Unlocking WhatsApp Marketing with HubSpot: Integrating Messaging into Your Ma...
Niswey
 
Prescriptive analytics BA4206 Anna University PPT
Prescriptive analytics BA4206 Anna University PPTPrescriptive analytics BA4206 Anna University PPT
Prescriptive analytics BA4206 Anna University PPT
Freelance
 
Adani Group's Active Interest In Increasing Its Presence in the Cement Manufa...
Adani Group's Active Interest In Increasing Its Presence in the Cement Manufa...Adani Group's Active Interest In Increasing Its Presence in the Cement Manufa...
Adani Group's Active Interest In Increasing Its Presence in the Cement Manufa...
Adani case
 

Recently uploaded (20)

The Steadfast and Reliable Bull: Taurus Zodiac Sign
The Steadfast and Reliable Bull: Taurus Zodiac SignThe Steadfast and Reliable Bull: Taurus Zodiac Sign
The Steadfast and Reliable Bull: Taurus Zodiac Sign
 
High-Quality IPTV Monthly Subscription for $15
High-Quality IPTV Monthly Subscription for $15High-Quality IPTV Monthly Subscription for $15
High-Quality IPTV Monthly Subscription for $15
 
deft. 2024 pricing guide for onboarding
deft.  2024 pricing guide for onboardingdeft.  2024 pricing guide for onboarding
deft. 2024 pricing guide for onboarding
 
Sustainable Logistics for Cost Reduction_ IPLTech Electric's Eco-Friendly Tra...
Sustainable Logistics for Cost Reduction_ IPLTech Electric's Eco-Friendly Tra...Sustainable Logistics for Cost Reduction_ IPLTech Electric's Eco-Friendly Tra...
Sustainable Logistics for Cost Reduction_ IPLTech Electric's Eco-Friendly Tra...
 
Enhancing Adoption of AI in Agri-food: Introduction
Enhancing Adoption of AI in Agri-food: IntroductionEnhancing Adoption of AI in Agri-food: Introduction
Enhancing Adoption of AI in Agri-food: Introduction
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
 
Presentation by Herman Kienhuis (Curiosity VC) on Investing in AI for ABS Alu...
Presentation by Herman Kienhuis (Curiosity VC) on Investing in AI for ABS Alu...Presentation by Herman Kienhuis (Curiosity VC) on Investing in AI for ABS Alu...
Presentation by Herman Kienhuis (Curiosity VC) on Investing in AI for ABS Alu...
 
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan panel Chart Indian Matka Dpbos...
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan panel Chart Indian Matka Dpbos...Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan panel Chart Indian Matka Dpbos...
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan panel Chart Indian Matka Dpbos...
 
Registered-Establishment-List-in-Uttarakhand-pdf.pdf
Registered-Establishment-List-in-Uttarakhand-pdf.pdfRegistered-Establishment-List-in-Uttarakhand-pdf.pdf
Registered-Establishment-List-in-Uttarakhand-pdf.pdf
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
 
Call 8867766396 Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian M...
Call 8867766396 Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian M...Call 8867766396 Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian M...
Call 8867766396 Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian M...
 
Kalyan Chart Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
Kalyan Chart Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka ResultsKalyan Chart Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
Kalyan Chart Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
 
Pro Tips for Effortless Contract Management
Pro Tips for Effortless Contract ManagementPro Tips for Effortless Contract Management
Pro Tips for Effortless Contract Management
 
PDT 99 - $3.5M - Seed - Feel Therapeutics.pdf
PDT 99 - $3.5M - Seed - Feel Therapeutics.pdfPDT 99 - $3.5M - Seed - Feel Therapeutics.pdf
PDT 99 - $3.5M - Seed - Feel Therapeutics.pdf
 
Kirill Klip GEM Royalty TNR Gold Lithium Presentation
Kirill Klip GEM Royalty TNR Gold Lithium PresentationKirill Klip GEM Royalty TNR Gold Lithium Presentation
Kirill Klip GEM Royalty TNR Gold Lithium Presentation
 
Unlocking WhatsApp Marketing with HubSpot: Integrating Messaging into Your Ma...
Unlocking WhatsApp Marketing with HubSpot: Integrating Messaging into Your Ma...Unlocking WhatsApp Marketing with HubSpot: Integrating Messaging into Your Ma...
Unlocking WhatsApp Marketing with HubSpot: Integrating Messaging into Your Ma...
 
Prescriptive analytics BA4206 Anna University PPT
Prescriptive analytics BA4206 Anna University PPTPrescriptive analytics BA4206 Anna University PPT
Prescriptive analytics BA4206 Anna University PPT
 
Adani Group's Active Interest In Increasing Its Presence in the Cement Manufa...
Adani Group's Active Interest In Increasing Its Presence in the Cement Manufa...Adani Group's Active Interest In Increasing Its Presence in the Cement Manufa...
Adani Group's Active Interest In Increasing Its Presence in the Cement Manufa...
 

chapter3 SA_IM SAFE.pptx

  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14. Shared or team situation awareness In aviation, the development of situation awareness is rarely an individual process, and aviation personnel are generally mindful that they are part of a system. To be most effective, this system and its many subsystems must co-ordinate information flows and the sharing of knowledge. Shared or team situation awareness has been defined as the degree to which every team member possesses the situation awareness required for his or her responsibilities. The three-level model of situation awareness is also relevant here. The coordination of information transfer among crewmembers involves more than just sharing data; it also includes sharing comprehension and projection. Team situation awareness is improved by individual situation awareness being shared via four key process skills: planning, communication, leadership and adaptability (Prince & Salas, 1993). It appears that the quality of team situation awareness is strongly associated with other indicators of team effectiveness, such as trust, cohesion, Strong interpersonal connections, and a positive group climate.
  • 15.
  • 16. IMSAFE is an acronym used in aviation to help pilots assess their physical and mental fitness before a flight. IMSAFE is used as a “self-check” to ensure that you, the pilot, are as ready to fly as the aircraft is. Ultimately, the safety of a flight is
  • 17. I – Illness In the traditional workplace, your usual call-in-sick illness, such as flu or food poisoning, will naturally also prevent you from flying. But, when it comes to flying, you must be even more careful. Firstly, flying requires good concentration, decision-making, and the utilization of almost all of your senses. Even a light cough could prevent you from communicating on the radio, and a slight headache may be the seed that grows to be a poor decision. Furthermore, light illnesses may be significantly worsened because of the nature of the aviation environment. The most notable example is the sinuses. Even a mild sinus infection can be excruciating during the flight due to the change in air pressure and may cause significant vertigo. Not the situation you’d want to find yourself in when you’re the only one flying. If you’re not feeling 100%, the safest action is to delay the flight. If you’re
  • 18. M – Medication It is unwise to take medication without understanding the exact side effects you will experience. Even a simple tablet to stop a headache may make you too drowsy to fly. Always consult your doctor or Aviation Medical Examiner about the effects of any medication you take. S – Stress Psychological stress can impair your ability to make good decisions and react quickly to unexpected situations. You have a responsibility to yourself and your passengers to perform to the best of your abilities when flying. If there are external factors affecting your stress levels, it is vital that you address them before flying. Sometimes, the nature of the flight itself may be causing increased stress.Whether taking your check-ride or flying for the first time in a while, you should be worried if you aren’t more stressed than usual.
  • 19. A – Alcohol You should never fly while under the influence of alcohol. Not one drop. A general rule of 8 hours from bottle to the throttle will serve you well, although many airlines have more stringent restrictions of 12 or 14 hours for their crew. The Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) state that you are not allowed to fly with a Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of 0.04% or higher (the driving limit is double at 0.08%). F – Fatigue Fatigue is the silent killer, and has been a causal factor in numerous accidents. Fatigue can impair your cognitive and physical abilities, making it more challenging to fly safely. From concentration to hand-eye coordination, fatigue can be a significant threat – in some cases, even more than alcohol. Always ensure that you get high-quality sleep before flying, and avoid scheduling flights when you are likely to be tired.
  • 20. E – Emotion Emotional distress can also impair your ability to fly safely. You must be emotionally stable when flying. If there are external factors significantly affecting your emotions, you should address them before flying. The IMSAFE acronym is a helpful tool for pilots to assess their physical and mental readiness before a flight. Each element of the acronym – Illness, Medication, Stress, Alcohol, Fatigue, and Emotion – plays a vital role in ensuring the safety of the flight.