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4.1 © 2010 by Prentice Hall
1
Chapter
Ethical and Social Issues in
Information Systems
4.2 © 2010 by Prentice Hall
• Ethics
• Principles of right and wrong that individuals, acting as
free moral agents, use to make choices to guide their
behavior
• Information systems and ethics
• Information systems raise new ethical questions
because they create opportunities for:
• Intense social change, threatening existing
distributions of power, money, rights, and obligations
• New kinds of crime
Professional Issues in Information Systems
Chapter 1 Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems
4.3 © 2010 by Prentice Hall
• A model for thinking about ethical, social, and political
issues
• Society as a calm pond
• IT as a rock dropped in pond, creating ripples of new
situations not covered by old rules
• Social and political institutions cannot respond
overnight to these ripples — it may take years to
develop etiquette, expectations, laws
• Requires understanding of ethics to make choices in
legally gray areas
Professional Issues in Information Systems
Chapter 1 Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems
4.4 © 2010 by Prentice Hall
The Relationship Between Ethical, Social, and
Political Issues in an Information Society
Figure 4-1
The introduction of new
information technology has a ripple
effect, raising new ethical, social,
and political issues that must be
dealt with on the individual, social,
and political levels. These issues
have five moral dimensions:
information rights and obligations,
property rights and obligations,
system quality, quality of life, and
accountability and control.
Professional Issues in Information Systems
Chapter 1 Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems
4.5 © 2010 by Prentice Hall
• Five moral dimensions of information age
• Major issues raised by information systems
include:
• Information rights and obligations
• Property rights and obligations
• Accountability and control
• System quality
• Quality of life
Professional Issues in Information Systems
Chapter 1 Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems
4.6 © 2010 by Prentice Hall
• Four key technology trends that raise ethical
issues
• Computing power doubles every 18 months
• Increased reliance on, and vulnerability to, computer systems
• Data storage costs rapidly declining
• Multiplying databases on individuals
• Data analysis advances
• Greater ability to find detailed personal information on individuals
• Profiling and nonobvious relationship awareness (NORA)
• Networking advances and the Internet
• Enables moving and accessing large quantities of personal data
Professional Issues in Information Systems
Chapter 1 Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems
4.7 © 2010 by Prentice Hall
• Basic concepts form the underpinning of an ethical
analysis of information systems and those who
manage them
• Responsibility: Accepting the potential costs, duties, and
obligations for decisions
• Accountability: Mechanisms for identifying responsible parties
• Liability: Permits individuals (and firms) to recover damages done
to them
• Due process: Laws are well known and understood, with an ability
to appeal to higher authorities
Ethics in an Information Society
Professional Issues in Information Systems
Chapter 1 Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems
4.8 © 2010 by Prentice Hall
• Ethical analysis: A five-step process
1. Identify and clearly describe the facts
2. Define the conflict or dilemma and identify the higher-
order values involved
3. Identify the stakeholders
4. Identify the options that you can reasonably take
5. Identify the potential consequences of your options
Ethics in an Information Society
Professional Issues in Information Systems
Chapter 1 Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems
4.9 © 2010 by Prentice Hall
• Professional codes of conduct
• Promulgated by associations of professionals
• E.g. AMA, ABA, AITP, ACM
• Promises by professions to regulate themselves in the
general interest of society
• Real-world ethical dilemmas
• One set of interests pitted against another
• E.g., Right of company to maximize productivity of
workers vs. workers right to use Internet for short
personal tasks
Ethics in an Information Society
Professional Issues in Information Systems
Chapter 1 Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems

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CHAPTER 1 - PROFESSIONAL ISSUES (Lecture 1).ppt

  • 1. 4.1 © 2010 by Prentice Hall 1 Chapter Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems
  • 2. 4.2 © 2010 by Prentice Hall • Ethics • Principles of right and wrong that individuals, acting as free moral agents, use to make choices to guide their behavior • Information systems and ethics • Information systems raise new ethical questions because they create opportunities for: • Intense social change, threatening existing distributions of power, money, rights, and obligations • New kinds of crime Professional Issues in Information Systems Chapter 1 Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems
  • 3. 4.3 © 2010 by Prentice Hall • A model for thinking about ethical, social, and political issues • Society as a calm pond • IT as a rock dropped in pond, creating ripples of new situations not covered by old rules • Social and political institutions cannot respond overnight to these ripples — it may take years to develop etiquette, expectations, laws • Requires understanding of ethics to make choices in legally gray areas Professional Issues in Information Systems Chapter 1 Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems
  • 4. 4.4 © 2010 by Prentice Hall The Relationship Between Ethical, Social, and Political Issues in an Information Society Figure 4-1 The introduction of new information technology has a ripple effect, raising new ethical, social, and political issues that must be dealt with on the individual, social, and political levels. These issues have five moral dimensions: information rights and obligations, property rights and obligations, system quality, quality of life, and accountability and control. Professional Issues in Information Systems Chapter 1 Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems
  • 5. 4.5 © 2010 by Prentice Hall • Five moral dimensions of information age • Major issues raised by information systems include: • Information rights and obligations • Property rights and obligations • Accountability and control • System quality • Quality of life Professional Issues in Information Systems Chapter 1 Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems
  • 6. 4.6 © 2010 by Prentice Hall • Four key technology trends that raise ethical issues • Computing power doubles every 18 months • Increased reliance on, and vulnerability to, computer systems • Data storage costs rapidly declining • Multiplying databases on individuals • Data analysis advances • Greater ability to find detailed personal information on individuals • Profiling and nonobvious relationship awareness (NORA) • Networking advances and the Internet • Enables moving and accessing large quantities of personal data Professional Issues in Information Systems Chapter 1 Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems
  • 7. 4.7 © 2010 by Prentice Hall • Basic concepts form the underpinning of an ethical analysis of information systems and those who manage them • Responsibility: Accepting the potential costs, duties, and obligations for decisions • Accountability: Mechanisms for identifying responsible parties • Liability: Permits individuals (and firms) to recover damages done to them • Due process: Laws are well known and understood, with an ability to appeal to higher authorities Ethics in an Information Society Professional Issues in Information Systems Chapter 1 Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems
  • 8. 4.8 © 2010 by Prentice Hall • Ethical analysis: A five-step process 1. Identify and clearly describe the facts 2. Define the conflict or dilemma and identify the higher- order values involved 3. Identify the stakeholders 4. Identify the options that you can reasonably take 5. Identify the potential consequences of your options Ethics in an Information Society Professional Issues in Information Systems Chapter 1 Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems
  • 9. 4.9 © 2010 by Prentice Hall • Professional codes of conduct • Promulgated by associations of professionals • E.g. AMA, ABA, AITP, ACM • Promises by professions to regulate themselves in the general interest of society • Real-world ethical dilemmas • One set of interests pitted against another • E.g., Right of company to maximize productivity of workers vs. workers right to use Internet for short personal tasks Ethics in an Information Society Professional Issues in Information Systems Chapter 1 Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems