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CGIAR and FAO: Joining forces on
genetic resources

              Emile Frison, Director General
                     Bioversity International
CGIAR-FAO: a long and strong partnership on
      genetic resources Adoption of the IT on GPA on COP 10
                                                       PGRFA                             Nagoya
                                                                               AnGR
                                                                                         Protocol
                    GPA for the Conservation and                               GB2
                    Sustainable Utilization of PGRFA           Trust establishment



                             Establishment of the SGRP

                                                                                                           GB4
        Creation of the ICWG-GR
                                                                                                    GB3

   FAO Commission on Plant
                                                                          IT on PGRFA comes into
   Genetic Resources
                                                                          force

     IBPGR Foundation
CGIAR                                                              First SoW published on
                                                                   PGRFA
creation                                    Adoption of                             1st Session of the Governing Body
                                            the CBD                                 of the IT on PGRFA (GB1)
                                                                                    GB agreements with Centers
                   International Undertaking on PGRFA              CBD PoW on Agricultural
                                                                   Biodiversity
CGIAR-FAO: a long and strong partnership on
      genetic resources Adoption of the IT on GPA on COP 10
                                                       PGRFA                             Nagoya
                                                                               AnGR
                                                                                         Protocol
                    GPA for the Conservation and                               GB2
                    Sustainable Utilization of PGRFA           Trust establishment



                             Establishment of the SGRP

                                                                                                           GB4
        Creation of the ICWG-GR
                                                                                                    GB3

   FAO Commission on Plant
                                                                          IT on PGRFA comes into
   Genetic Resources
                                                                          force

     IBPGR Foundation
CGIAR                                                              First SoW published on
                                                                   PGRFA
creation                                    Adoption of                             1st Session of the Governing Body
                                            the CBD                                 of the IT on PGRFA (GB1)
                                                                                    GB agreements with Centers
                   International Undertaking on PGRFA              CBD PoW on Agricultural
                                                                   Biodiversity
The CGIAR System-wide Genetic
 Resources Programme (SGRP)
• Established in 1994

• Representatives of the Centres and the
  FAO constitute its Steering Committee - the
  Inter-Centre Working Group on Genetic
  Resources (ICWG-GR)

• Bioversity acted as convening centre and
  Programme Leader
CGIAR Genetic Resources Policy Committee


Multi-stakeholder committee:
• CGIAR Donors (North and South)
• CGIAR Centers (2 DGs and 2 BC)
• Science Council
• NARS
• Non Governmental Organization
• Farmers Organization
• Private sector (Chair of ISF)
• FAO / CGRFA
• Secretary of IT invited as observer
The Treaty was adopted by the FAO
Conference on 3 November 2001
Building a multilateral system for PGR:
The International treaty on PGRFA
10%

                                 14%




                      12%
                                               20%



                 5%
                                          8%
        11%
Private
                                                  Voluntary                Sector
                                                  contributions                            Others
        International Treaty                      (eg, NW, IT)

                                              1,1% of net sales          Benefit-
      Multilateral System                                              sharing fund

                                     SMTA3
 550,000+ transfers by CG
 Centres, first 1.5 years       R2                                       Priorities
                                                                          Criteria
                        SMTA2
                                                                  Operational Procedures

                   R1                                                   priority:
                                                            farmers in developing countries
                      SMTA1                                  who conserve and sustainably
              P1                                                     utilize PGRFA
                                                                      information
                                                   On-farm                            sustainable
                                     Others                           exchange &
                                                 conservation                             use
CP                                                                   tech.transfer


      Int’l org    Natural and
                   legal person
Agreements between the GB of the Treaty and
the 11 CGIAR collections of PGR

• Settled the status of these international
  collections as being held
  “in trust” for the world community and
• Under the policy guidance of the Governing
  Body of the IT
• Represent half of the genetic resources in the
  multilateral system
• Represent over 90% of the genetic resources
  exchanged with SMTA
Global Information System on PGR


                                    Genebanks’
SINGER       EURISCO        GRIN    information
                                      systems
In 2003
Bioversity (for the Centres) and FAO created the

          Global Crop Diversity Trust




              www.croptrust.org
Building a global system

                     Regional and
                        sectoral
                     collaboration
                                         Funding strategy
Legal framework
                                          & mechanisms




 Agreed Agenda                            Global analyses


                    Global information
                         system


                     Technical
Animal genetic resources


• Ex situ Conservation of
  animal genetic resources:
  Montpellier workshop in 2005




• Global Plan of action on animal genetic resources:
  Interlaken 2007
CGIAR Contribution to the
Commission on Genetic Resources


Multi-year Programme of Work:
• 2011: Climate change and genetic resources
        Key issues for Aquatic Genetic Resources
• 2013: SoW Forest Genetic Resources
        Key issues for Microbial Genetic Resources
• 2015: Access to Aquatic Genetic Resources
        Review of work on Microbial Genetic Resources
• 2017: SoW on Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture
        Update SoW Plant Genetic resources
        Update SoW Animal Genetic resources
Thank you!

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CGIAR and FAO: Joining forces on genetic resources

  • 1. CGIAR and FAO: Joining forces on genetic resources Emile Frison, Director General Bioversity International
  • 2. CGIAR-FAO: a long and strong partnership on genetic resources Adoption of the IT on GPA on COP 10 PGRFA Nagoya AnGR Protocol GPA for the Conservation and GB2 Sustainable Utilization of PGRFA Trust establishment Establishment of the SGRP GB4 Creation of the ICWG-GR GB3 FAO Commission on Plant IT on PGRFA comes into Genetic Resources force IBPGR Foundation CGIAR First SoW published on PGRFA creation Adoption of 1st Session of the Governing Body the CBD of the IT on PGRFA (GB1) GB agreements with Centers International Undertaking on PGRFA CBD PoW on Agricultural Biodiversity
  • 3. CGIAR-FAO: a long and strong partnership on genetic resources Adoption of the IT on GPA on COP 10 PGRFA Nagoya AnGR Protocol GPA for the Conservation and GB2 Sustainable Utilization of PGRFA Trust establishment Establishment of the SGRP GB4 Creation of the ICWG-GR GB3 FAO Commission on Plant IT on PGRFA comes into Genetic Resources force IBPGR Foundation CGIAR First SoW published on PGRFA creation Adoption of 1st Session of the Governing Body the CBD of the IT on PGRFA (GB1) GB agreements with Centers International Undertaking on PGRFA CBD PoW on Agricultural Biodiversity
  • 4. The CGIAR System-wide Genetic Resources Programme (SGRP) • Established in 1994 • Representatives of the Centres and the FAO constitute its Steering Committee - the Inter-Centre Working Group on Genetic Resources (ICWG-GR) • Bioversity acted as convening centre and Programme Leader
  • 5. CGIAR Genetic Resources Policy Committee Multi-stakeholder committee: • CGIAR Donors (North and South) • CGIAR Centers (2 DGs and 2 BC) • Science Council • NARS • Non Governmental Organization • Farmers Organization • Private sector (Chair of ISF) • FAO / CGRFA • Secretary of IT invited as observer
  • 6. The Treaty was adopted by the FAO Conference on 3 November 2001
  • 7. Building a multilateral system for PGR: The International treaty on PGRFA 10% 14% 12% 20% 5% 8% 11%
  • 8. Private Voluntary Sector contributions Others International Treaty (eg, NW, IT) 1,1% of net sales Benefit- Multilateral System sharing fund SMTA3 550,000+ transfers by CG Centres, first 1.5 years R2 Priorities Criteria SMTA2 Operational Procedures R1 priority: farmers in developing countries SMTA1 who conserve and sustainably P1 utilize PGRFA information On-farm sustainable Others exchange & conservation use CP tech.transfer Int’l org Natural and legal person
  • 9. Agreements between the GB of the Treaty and the 11 CGIAR collections of PGR • Settled the status of these international collections as being held “in trust” for the world community and • Under the policy guidance of the Governing Body of the IT • Represent half of the genetic resources in the multilateral system • Represent over 90% of the genetic resources exchanged with SMTA
  • 10. Global Information System on PGR Genebanks’ SINGER EURISCO GRIN information systems
  • 11. In 2003 Bioversity (for the Centres) and FAO created the Global Crop Diversity Trust www.croptrust.org
  • 12. Building a global system Regional and sectoral collaboration Funding strategy Legal framework & mechanisms Agreed Agenda Global analyses Global information system Technical
  • 13. Animal genetic resources • Ex situ Conservation of animal genetic resources: Montpellier workshop in 2005 • Global Plan of action on animal genetic resources: Interlaken 2007
  • 14. CGIAR Contribution to the Commission on Genetic Resources Multi-year Programme of Work: • 2011: Climate change and genetic resources Key issues for Aquatic Genetic Resources • 2013: SoW Forest Genetic Resources Key issues for Microbial Genetic Resources • 2015: Access to Aquatic Genetic Resources Review of work on Microbial Genetic Resources • 2017: SoW on Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture Update SoW Plant Genetic resources Update SoW Animal Genetic resources