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Thailand Energy Plan to
translate Global Renewables
and Energy Efficiency
4 April 2024
Global Forum on the Environment
and Climate Change
Watcharin Boonyarit, Ph.D
Director of the Solar Energy Development Division
Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency
Ministry of Energy, Thailand
2
Thailand’s Energy Situation 2022
11%
9%
48%
21%
7%
4%
Final Energy Consumption 2022 by Fuel
Coal
Natural Gas
Petroleum Products
Electricity
Renewable Energy
Traditional Renewable Energy
84,178 ktoe
Source: Thailand’s Energy Situation Report 2022, DEDE
Energy Statistics of Thailand 2023, EPPO
Power Generation*
Heat**
Biofuels
* Inclusive of solar, wind, biomass, MSW,
biogas, geothermal – with off-grid generation
** Inclusive of solar, biomass, biogas, MSW
29.6%
63.5%
16.9%
11,260
ktoe
0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
Electricity Energy Mix (GWh)
Natural Gas Coal and Lignite Oil Hydro Imported Renewable Energy
0
5,000
10,000
15,000
20,000
25,000
30,000
35,000
Final
Energy
Consumption
(ktoe)
Final Energy Consumption
2022 by Sector
16.7%
2
3
National Energy Plan (NEP)
Policy
Directions
Increase RE share in New Power Generation
50% in 2040
Transform the energy in transportation to be green electricity
(30@30 EV promotion)
Coping the Energy Transition by energy business re-structuring
By using 4D1E
(Digitalization De-Centralization De-Regulation
De-Carbonization and Electrification)
Increase Energy Efficiency more than 30%
BCG Model on Energy
Higher Energy Security Better Well-being Higher Income Better Environment
3
4
Thailand’s National Energy Plan: 4D 1E policy
• Enhance the
transmission system
to be “Smart Grid”
• Support ESS
development for
increasing stability
to community and
power plant
• Becoming ASEAN
energy commercial
center
• Promote P2P power
trading by supporting
of electricity conveying
through on-grid/off-
grid system
• Promote community
power plant, including
proceeding for
community power
plant network mapping
• Contribute electricity
balance in southern
and Eastern areas
• Promote
production and
utilization of
electricity from
solar and
bioenergies
• Absorb &
increase value of
agri. product by
using as
alternative fuels
• Create the “Sandbox”
Project for energy
innovation development
• Promote “Energy Start-
up” concept
• Conduct flexibility of
ENCON fund use for
promoting community’s
business
• Increase opportunity
for public for electricity
purchasing
(“Prosumer”)
Digitalization Decarbonization
Decentralization De-regulation Electrification
• Extend the EV
network
• Promote
utilization of
EV
4
Year
1 Year
2 Year
3
Area
Energy Efficiency Implementations
New or retrofitted buildings
being constructed which have
total area equal to 2,000 m2 or
more must be designed under
the energy conservation
requirements.
Building Energy Code (BEC)
Construction products Agricultural machines
Business and industrial products Home products
Standard and Labelling
*
* *
*
9 types of Building
Direct subsidy to stakeholders to change/improve equipment
or machines or materials for higher efficiency
Direct Subsidy to improve
equipment/machine efficiency
Smart Farm
Subsidy to change/improve equipment or machines or materials for
higher efficiency, to use RE technologies application and to apply
technology/innovation for farm management
Target groups
Poultry Pig Farming
Dairy Aquaculture Farm
5
43 Pilot
projects
Biomass
+
Biogas
Source
Power Potential for
PEA purchasing
149.50 MW
Average price
3.1831 THB/unit
Community Power Plant
Current Implementation
Target
90 MW
MEA areas
PEA areas
Rate
2.20 THB/Unit
Purchasing duration 10 years
(starting 2022 onward)
6
Solar Rooftop for People (Residential) project
RE Heat Subsidy
Provide subsidy to invest in
machines/equipment to produce
heat from biomass and biogas in
the form of Co-pay
Power Purchasing from RE
Power purchasing from RE (no fuel cost groups) in FiT type during 2022-2030
Principles
- Contract Capacity ≤ 90 MW
- Non-Firm contract for Solar
Ground Wind and Biogas
- Partial-Firm contract for
Solar+BESS
REs FiT Rate (THB/Unit) Duration (years) Remark
Biogas 2.0724 20 Non-Firm contract
Wind 3.1014 25 Non-Firm contract
Solar Ground 2.1679 25 Non-Firm contract
Solar + BESS 2.8331 25 Partial-Firm contract
Renewable Energy Implementations
Solar rooftop for residential sector
Policies driving RE in Thailand - Solar PV
• Contract: Non-firm, first-come first-serve
• FiT: 2.20 THB/kWh (~ $0.06 USD/kWh)
for 10 years (Excess electricity)
• Capacity: 52 MW cumulative (2023)
Currently implementing
Solar Rooftop
(Residential)
10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 90
1,000
5,000
280 300 997
2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 Total
Solar PV
Solar Floating
Solar Farm + BESS
Solar Farm
45 10 34 300 400 898 800 1,300 1,600 1,700 7,087
45 24 298 50
100
190
100
290
100
490
100
640
200
1,090
200
1,110
200
1,190
Solar rooftop tax incentive for household sector
• Tax incentive for self-consumption purpose only
Future implementation, under preliminary preparation
• Objective: Reduce the electricity bills in government
buildings nationwide
Floating PV


• By
• By Private Sector
Solar rooftop for government buildings

Solar Farm
• Target capacity : 5,000 MW
• Contract : Non-firm
• FiT rate : 2.1679 THB/kWh
($0.059 USD/kWh)
Solar farm + BESS
• Target capacity : 1,000 MW
• Contract : Partial-firm
• FiT rate : 2.8331 THB/kWh
($0.077 USD/kWh)

7
Current situation on energy policy implementation
Electricity generation from RE
and energy efficiency
RE@Y2022 : 24.70%
EI@Y2021 : 18.74%
(Base year 2010)
Cumulative of EV
(as of Dec. 2022)
BEV: 131,856 cars
PHEV: 53,979 cars
No. of charging station
(as of Mar. 2024)
3,553 chargers stations
33%
32%
30%
5%
Power generation Industry Transport Other
CO2 Emission from Energy Consumption (Y 2021)
Total 244 MtoeCO2-eq
Benefits from Adapting Low Carbon Economy Energy Plan
Create economic value
Reduce investment in
underperforming stranded assets
Increase the competitiveness
Supporting trade models through the carbon tax mechanisms
DECENTRALIZATION
ELECTRIFICATION
DIGITALIZATION
Grid Edge
Technology
Economic recovery after COVID-19
Mitigate the impacts of PM 2.5
Increase investment and employment
in the economy (by increasing RE)
8
Source: DLT, Thailand
For further information, please contact email: watcharin_b@dede.go.th
Thank You

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CCXG global forum, April 2024, Watcharin Boonyarit

  • 1. Thailand Energy Plan to translate Global Renewables and Energy Efficiency 4 April 2024 Global Forum on the Environment and Climate Change Watcharin Boonyarit, Ph.D Director of the Solar Energy Development Division Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency Ministry of Energy, Thailand
  • 2. 2 Thailand’s Energy Situation 2022 11% 9% 48% 21% 7% 4% Final Energy Consumption 2022 by Fuel Coal Natural Gas Petroleum Products Electricity Renewable Energy Traditional Renewable Energy 84,178 ktoe Source: Thailand’s Energy Situation Report 2022, DEDE Energy Statistics of Thailand 2023, EPPO Power Generation* Heat** Biofuels * Inclusive of solar, wind, biomass, MSW, biogas, geothermal – with off-grid generation ** Inclusive of solar, biomass, biogas, MSW 29.6% 63.5% 16.9% 11,260 ktoe 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Electricity Energy Mix (GWh) Natural Gas Coal and Lignite Oil Hydro Imported Renewable Energy 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 35,000 Final Energy Consumption (ktoe) Final Energy Consumption 2022 by Sector 16.7% 2
  • 3. 3 National Energy Plan (NEP) Policy Directions Increase RE share in New Power Generation 50% in 2040 Transform the energy in transportation to be green electricity (30@30 EV promotion) Coping the Energy Transition by energy business re-structuring By using 4D1E (Digitalization De-Centralization De-Regulation De-Carbonization and Electrification) Increase Energy Efficiency more than 30% BCG Model on Energy Higher Energy Security Better Well-being Higher Income Better Environment 3
  • 4. 4 Thailand’s National Energy Plan: 4D 1E policy • Enhance the transmission system to be “Smart Grid” • Support ESS development for increasing stability to community and power plant • Becoming ASEAN energy commercial center • Promote P2P power trading by supporting of electricity conveying through on-grid/off- grid system • Promote community power plant, including proceeding for community power plant network mapping • Contribute electricity balance in southern and Eastern areas • Promote production and utilization of electricity from solar and bioenergies • Absorb & increase value of agri. product by using as alternative fuels • Create the “Sandbox” Project for energy innovation development • Promote “Energy Start- up” concept • Conduct flexibility of ENCON fund use for promoting community’s business • Increase opportunity for public for electricity purchasing (“Prosumer”) Digitalization Decarbonization Decentralization De-regulation Electrification • Extend the EV network • Promote utilization of EV 4
  • 5. Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Area Energy Efficiency Implementations New or retrofitted buildings being constructed which have total area equal to 2,000 m2 or more must be designed under the energy conservation requirements. Building Energy Code (BEC) Construction products Agricultural machines Business and industrial products Home products Standard and Labelling * * * * 9 types of Building Direct subsidy to stakeholders to change/improve equipment or machines or materials for higher efficiency Direct Subsidy to improve equipment/machine efficiency Smart Farm Subsidy to change/improve equipment or machines or materials for higher efficiency, to use RE technologies application and to apply technology/innovation for farm management Target groups Poultry Pig Farming Dairy Aquaculture Farm 5
  • 6. 43 Pilot projects Biomass + Biogas Source Power Potential for PEA purchasing 149.50 MW Average price 3.1831 THB/unit Community Power Plant Current Implementation Target 90 MW MEA areas PEA areas Rate 2.20 THB/Unit Purchasing duration 10 years (starting 2022 onward) 6 Solar Rooftop for People (Residential) project RE Heat Subsidy Provide subsidy to invest in machines/equipment to produce heat from biomass and biogas in the form of Co-pay Power Purchasing from RE Power purchasing from RE (no fuel cost groups) in FiT type during 2022-2030 Principles - Contract Capacity ≤ 90 MW - Non-Firm contract for Solar Ground Wind and Biogas - Partial-Firm contract for Solar+BESS REs FiT Rate (THB/Unit) Duration (years) Remark Biogas 2.0724 20 Non-Firm contract Wind 3.1014 25 Non-Firm contract Solar Ground 2.1679 25 Non-Firm contract Solar + BESS 2.8331 25 Partial-Firm contract Renewable Energy Implementations
  • 7. Solar rooftop for residential sector Policies driving RE in Thailand - Solar PV • Contract: Non-firm, first-come first-serve • FiT: 2.20 THB/kWh (~ $0.06 USD/kWh) for 10 years (Excess electricity) • Capacity: 52 MW cumulative (2023) Currently implementing Solar Rooftop (Residential) 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 90 1,000 5,000 280 300 997 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 Total Solar PV Solar Floating Solar Farm + BESS Solar Farm 45 10 34 300 400 898 800 1,300 1,600 1,700 7,087 45 24 298 50 100 190 100 290 100 490 100 640 200 1,090 200 1,110 200 1,190 Solar rooftop tax incentive for household sector • Tax incentive for self-consumption purpose only Future implementation, under preliminary preparation • Objective: Reduce the electricity bills in government buildings nationwide Floating PV   • By • By Private Sector Solar rooftop for government buildings  Solar Farm • Target capacity : 5,000 MW • Contract : Non-firm • FiT rate : 2.1679 THB/kWh ($0.059 USD/kWh) Solar farm + BESS • Target capacity : 1,000 MW • Contract : Partial-firm • FiT rate : 2.8331 THB/kWh ($0.077 USD/kWh)  7
  • 8. Current situation on energy policy implementation Electricity generation from RE and energy efficiency RE@Y2022 : 24.70% EI@Y2021 : 18.74% (Base year 2010) Cumulative of EV (as of Dec. 2022) BEV: 131,856 cars PHEV: 53,979 cars No. of charging station (as of Mar. 2024) 3,553 chargers stations 33% 32% 30% 5% Power generation Industry Transport Other CO2 Emission from Energy Consumption (Y 2021) Total 244 MtoeCO2-eq Benefits from Adapting Low Carbon Economy Energy Plan Create economic value Reduce investment in underperforming stranded assets Increase the competitiveness Supporting trade models through the carbon tax mechanisms DECENTRALIZATION ELECTRIFICATION DIGITALIZATION Grid Edge Technology Economic recovery after COVID-19 Mitigate the impacts of PM 2.5 Increase investment and employment in the economy (by increasing RE) 8 Source: DLT, Thailand
  • 9. For further information, please contact email: watcharin_b@dede.go.th Thank You