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Climate Change
Expert Group
Needs, sources, and actors for the NCQG
Key lessons from current practices
_____
Jolien Noels
Finance for Climate Action, OECD Environment Directorate
Based on “The New Collective Quantified Goal on climate finance: Potential
structure and options for reflecting the role of different sources and actors”,
C. Falduto, J. Noels and R. Jachnik (2024, draft)
Hybrid CCXG Global Forum | 3-4 April 2024
Estimation methods and scope differ but estimates indicate
significant aggregate-level investment needs
Source: Authors, based on Climate Capital Partners (2022); CPI (2023); ETC (2023); IEA/IFC (2023); Songwe, Stern and Bhattacharya (2022); McKinsey & Company (2022); UNFCCC SCF (2021); UNEP (2023).
Sample estimates of annual climate finance needs in developing countries by 2030
Different sources of
finance play different roles
in financing climate action
ACTORS
Bilateral official providers
Multilateral Institutions
Export credit agencies
External actors
Commercial investors
Domestic actors
Individual migrants
Philanthropic foundations
Philanthropic foundations
Private enterprises
Domestic financial institutions
Households
Governments
National Development Banks
Public
sector
Public
sector
Private
sector
Private
sector
Source: Adapted from OECD (2018).
INSTRUMENTS
Concessional financing
Non-concessional financing
Grants
Debt
Contingent liabilities
Equity
Hybrid instruments
ACTORS
Bilateral official providers
Multilateral Institutions
Export credit agencies
External actors
Commercial investors
Domestic actors
Individual migrants
Philanthropic foundations
Philanthropic foundations
Private enterprises
Domestic financial institutions
Households
Governments
National Development Banks
Public
sector
Public
sector
Private
sector
Private
sector
Large geographical and thematic differences in existing
sources of finance for climate action
Overview of current main sources for global climate
finance by actors and region (2019-2020)
Financing sources for climate action in
Ethiopia by instrument (2020-2021)
Sources: CPI (2022), OECD (2022), CPI (2023).
Instrument split of public climate finance provided
across developing country regions (2016-2020)
52
72
97
25
25
17
3 3
6
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Mitigation Adaptation Cross-cutting
Balance sheet financing
Project-level market rate debt
Low-cost project debt
Grant
%
88
81
79
61
17
11
17
20
37
83
1
2
1
2
0 20 40 60 80 100
Asia
Americas
Europe
Africa
Oceania
Loans Grants Equity and unspecified
%
86
64
62
61
54
52
41
4
14
36
38
39
46
48
59
96
0 20 40 60 80 100
Africa
South Asia
East Asia &
Pacific
Central Asia &
Eastern Europe
Middle East
Latin America &
Caribbean
Western Europe
US &
Canada
Public Private
%
The NCQG in the broader financing landscape
• Reliance on variety of financial actors and
sources, serving different purposes and roles
• Importance of enabling environments
• Need for harmonised efforts internationally to
more broadly make finance consistent with
climate mitigation and resilience policy goals
NCQG Chapeau: Foundational context
THANK YOU!
Climate Change
Expert Group
http://oe.cd/ccxg
jolien.noels@oecd.org

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CCXG global forum, April 2024, Jolien Noels

  • 1. Climate Change Expert Group Needs, sources, and actors for the NCQG Key lessons from current practices _____ Jolien Noels Finance for Climate Action, OECD Environment Directorate Based on “The New Collective Quantified Goal on climate finance: Potential structure and options for reflecting the role of different sources and actors”, C. Falduto, J. Noels and R. Jachnik (2024, draft) Hybrid CCXG Global Forum | 3-4 April 2024
  • 2. Estimation methods and scope differ but estimates indicate significant aggregate-level investment needs Source: Authors, based on Climate Capital Partners (2022); CPI (2023); ETC (2023); IEA/IFC (2023); Songwe, Stern and Bhattacharya (2022); McKinsey & Company (2022); UNFCCC SCF (2021); UNEP (2023). Sample estimates of annual climate finance needs in developing countries by 2030
  • 3. Different sources of finance play different roles in financing climate action ACTORS Bilateral official providers Multilateral Institutions Export credit agencies External actors Commercial investors Domestic actors Individual migrants Philanthropic foundations Philanthropic foundations Private enterprises Domestic financial institutions Households Governments National Development Banks Public sector Public sector Private sector Private sector Source: Adapted from OECD (2018). INSTRUMENTS Concessional financing Non-concessional financing Grants Debt Contingent liabilities Equity Hybrid instruments ACTORS Bilateral official providers Multilateral Institutions Export credit agencies External actors Commercial investors Domestic actors Individual migrants Philanthropic foundations Philanthropic foundations Private enterprises Domestic financial institutions Households Governments National Development Banks Public sector Public sector Private sector Private sector
  • 4. Large geographical and thematic differences in existing sources of finance for climate action Overview of current main sources for global climate finance by actors and region (2019-2020) Financing sources for climate action in Ethiopia by instrument (2020-2021) Sources: CPI (2022), OECD (2022), CPI (2023). Instrument split of public climate finance provided across developing country regions (2016-2020) 52 72 97 25 25 17 3 3 6 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Mitigation Adaptation Cross-cutting Balance sheet financing Project-level market rate debt Low-cost project debt Grant % 88 81 79 61 17 11 17 20 37 83 1 2 1 2 0 20 40 60 80 100 Asia Americas Europe Africa Oceania Loans Grants Equity and unspecified % 86 64 62 61 54 52 41 4 14 36 38 39 46 48 59 96 0 20 40 60 80 100 Africa South Asia East Asia & Pacific Central Asia & Eastern Europe Middle East Latin America & Caribbean Western Europe US & Canada Public Private %
  • 5. The NCQG in the broader financing landscape • Reliance on variety of financial actors and sources, serving different purposes and roles • Importance of enabling environments • Need for harmonised efforts internationally to more broadly make finance consistent with climate mitigation and resilience policy goals NCQG Chapeau: Foundational context
  • 6. THANK YOU! Climate Change Expert Group http://oe.cd/ccxg jolien.noels@oecd.org