SlideShare a Scribd company logo
CATHARSIS
Presented by- Divya Choudhary
Class- M A
Semester- 1
Paper no.- 3
Paper Name – Literary Theory & Criticism
Batch Year- 2015-17
Enrolment No.- PG15101007
Email id- choudharydivya400@mail.com
Submitted to- Smt. S B Gardi Department of
English
Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar
University
 What is Catharsis?
As the exact meaning and
concept of Catharsis, there has
been a lot of controversy among
scholars and critics down to the
centuries. Therefore, it deserved
separate treatment. Let us
consider it in details.
John Morley has rightly said: “the
immense controversy, carried on in
books, pamphlets, sheets and flying
articles, mostly German, as to what it
was that Aristotle really meant by the
famous words in the sixth chapter of the
poetics, about tragedy accomplishing the
purification of our moods and
sympathetic fear, is one of the disgraces
of the human intelligence, a grotesque
movement of sterility”.
F.L.Lucas in his tragedy: serious drama in
relation to Aristotle's poetics asks three
questions. These questions are-
1. What was really Aristotle's views?
• Catharsis means ‘purification’, correction or
refinement’.
• It has been suggested that our pity and fear
are ‘purified' in the theatre by becoming
disinterested.
• It is bad to be selfishly sentimental. Timid
and querulous; but it is good to pity Othello
or to fear for hamlet.
• Catharsis means not ‘purification’, but
‘purgation’; a medical metaphor. Yet, owing
to changes in medical thought, ‘purgation’
has become radically misleading to modern
minds.
• But catharsis means ‘purgation’, not in the
modern, but in the older, wider English
sense which includes the partial removal of
excess ‘humour’.
• Catharsis as ‘moderating' or ‘tempting' of the
passions.
2. How far is Aristotle's view of catharsis true?
• Here is a example of tragedy that we may feel
released when certain emotions are worked up in
the mind and are rinsed out as it were at the end
which is more or less positive by implication for
death or calamity is explained and accounted for as
arising from certain avoidable weakness or
emasculations of the hero.
• Fulfillment or satisfaction.
• Positive and corrective of tragic errors to the
spectators.
• Tragic delight.
• Certain moral ends of catharsis might be
incidentally achieved. But it is not the chief end of
tragedy.
3.What led Aristotle to adopt this theory?
• F.L.Lucas quote that “poetry, said Plato,
makes men cowardly by its picture of the
afterworld. No replies by Aristotle, it can
purge men’s fears. Poetry, said Plato,
encourages men to be hysterical and
uncontrolled. On the contrary, answers
his pupil, it makes them less, not more,
emotional by giving a periodic healthy
outlet to their feelings. Aristotle’s
definition of tragedy is half a defence”.
 Analytical inquiry of Aristotle's into the
nature of tragic delight and its
psychological effects.
Catharsis established tragedy as a drama
of balance.
 Such tragic beauty and tragic feeling
which it evokes constitutes the aesthetics
of balance as propounded for the first
time by Aristotle in his theory of catharsis.
Catharsis

More Related Content

What's hot

Plot of Oedipus Rex is best tragic plot according to Aristotle
Plot of Oedipus Rex is best tragic plot according to AristotlePlot of Oedipus Rex is best tragic plot according to Aristotle
Plot of Oedipus Rex is best tragic plot according to Aristotle
fatimanoor212
 
Rape of the Lock as A Social Satire
Rape of the Lock as A Social Satire Rape of the Lock as A Social Satire
Rape of the Lock as A Social Satire
Mah Noor
 
POETICS
POETICSPOETICS
POETICS
ahsirt
 
Theory of catharsis
Theory of catharsis Theory of catharsis
Theory of catharsis
Pina Gondaliya
 
Character Study of Vladimir and Estragon
Character Study of Vladimir and EstragonCharacter Study of Vladimir and Estragon
Character Study of Vladimir and Estragon
Mital Raval
 
why oedipus rex is the best tradegy?
why oedipus rex is the best tradegy?why oedipus rex is the best tradegy?
why oedipus rex is the best tradegy?
Anamta Dua
 
Six parts of tragedy
Six parts of tragedySix parts of tragedy
Six parts of tragedy
DHRUVICHAVDA14
 
The rape of the lock presentation
The rape of the lock presentationThe rape of the lock presentation
The rape of the lock presentation
Irshad Husein
 
The play within the play in Hamlet
The play within the play in HamletThe play within the play in Hamlet
The play within the play in Hamlet
Superb Shehneela Naz
 
"After Reading George Bernard Shaw's Arms and The Man, The Way- I Thought The...
"After Reading George Bernard Shaw's Arms and The Man, The Way- I Thought The..."After Reading George Bernard Shaw's Arms and The Man, The Way- I Thought The...
"After Reading George Bernard Shaw's Arms and The Man, The Way- I Thought The...
Rituparna Ray Chaudhuri
 
Hellenism in keats poetry
Hellenism in keats poetryHellenism in keats poetry
Hellenism in keats poetry
ISP
 
Willing suspension of disbelief by samuel taylor coleridge
Willing suspension of disbelief by samuel taylor coleridgeWilling suspension of disbelief by samuel taylor coleridge
Willing suspension of disbelief by samuel taylor coleridge
Dayamani Surya
 
Hawk Roosting by Ted Hughes
Hawk Roosting by Ted HughesHawk Roosting by Ted Hughes
Hawk Roosting by Ted Hughes
www.MrSedani.co.uk
 
definition of tragedy
 definition of tragedy definition of tragedy
definition of tragedy
SejalSolanki11
 
Paper 9...presentation
Paper 9...presentationPaper 9...presentation
Paper 9...presentation
trivedidisha
 
T.S Eliot's Tradition and Individual Talent
T.S Eliot's Tradition and Individual TalentT.S Eliot's Tradition and Individual Talent
T.S Eliot's Tradition and Individual Talent
Kailash Baraiya
 
Six parts of tragedy
Six parts of tragedySix parts of tragedy
Six parts of tragedy
Mehal Pandya
 
Aristotle concept of ideal tragic hero
Aristotle concept of ideal tragic heroAristotle concept of ideal tragic hero
Aristotle concept of ideal tragic hero
sajjad farooq
 
Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Rime of the Ancient MarinerRime of the Ancient Mariner
Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Vaibhav Gangane
 
Aristotle's Poetics
Aristotle's PoeticsAristotle's Poetics
Aristotle's Poetics
Julaiga Kapoor
 

What's hot (20)

Plot of Oedipus Rex is best tragic plot according to Aristotle
Plot of Oedipus Rex is best tragic plot according to AristotlePlot of Oedipus Rex is best tragic plot according to Aristotle
Plot of Oedipus Rex is best tragic plot according to Aristotle
 
Rape of the Lock as A Social Satire
Rape of the Lock as A Social Satire Rape of the Lock as A Social Satire
Rape of the Lock as A Social Satire
 
POETICS
POETICSPOETICS
POETICS
 
Theory of catharsis
Theory of catharsis Theory of catharsis
Theory of catharsis
 
Character Study of Vladimir and Estragon
Character Study of Vladimir and EstragonCharacter Study of Vladimir and Estragon
Character Study of Vladimir and Estragon
 
why oedipus rex is the best tradegy?
why oedipus rex is the best tradegy?why oedipus rex is the best tradegy?
why oedipus rex is the best tradegy?
 
Six parts of tragedy
Six parts of tragedySix parts of tragedy
Six parts of tragedy
 
The rape of the lock presentation
The rape of the lock presentationThe rape of the lock presentation
The rape of the lock presentation
 
The play within the play in Hamlet
The play within the play in HamletThe play within the play in Hamlet
The play within the play in Hamlet
 
"After Reading George Bernard Shaw's Arms and The Man, The Way- I Thought The...
"After Reading George Bernard Shaw's Arms and The Man, The Way- I Thought The..."After Reading George Bernard Shaw's Arms and The Man, The Way- I Thought The...
"After Reading George Bernard Shaw's Arms and The Man, The Way- I Thought The...
 
Hellenism in keats poetry
Hellenism in keats poetryHellenism in keats poetry
Hellenism in keats poetry
 
Willing suspension of disbelief by samuel taylor coleridge
Willing suspension of disbelief by samuel taylor coleridgeWilling suspension of disbelief by samuel taylor coleridge
Willing suspension of disbelief by samuel taylor coleridge
 
Hawk Roosting by Ted Hughes
Hawk Roosting by Ted HughesHawk Roosting by Ted Hughes
Hawk Roosting by Ted Hughes
 
definition of tragedy
 definition of tragedy definition of tragedy
definition of tragedy
 
Paper 9...presentation
Paper 9...presentationPaper 9...presentation
Paper 9...presentation
 
T.S Eliot's Tradition and Individual Talent
T.S Eliot's Tradition and Individual TalentT.S Eliot's Tradition and Individual Talent
T.S Eliot's Tradition and Individual Talent
 
Six parts of tragedy
Six parts of tragedySix parts of tragedy
Six parts of tragedy
 
Aristotle concept of ideal tragic hero
Aristotle concept of ideal tragic heroAristotle concept of ideal tragic hero
Aristotle concept of ideal tragic hero
 
Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Rime of the Ancient MarinerRime of the Ancient Mariner
Rime of the Ancient Mariner
 
Aristotle's Poetics
Aristotle's PoeticsAristotle's Poetics
Aristotle's Poetics
 

Viewers also liked

Definition Of Tragedy And Play By Aristotle And Dryden
Definition Of Tragedy And Play By Aristotle And DrydenDefinition Of Tragedy And Play By Aristotle And Dryden
Definition Of Tragedy And Play By Aristotle And Dryden
Pritiba Gohil
 
An introduction to literature and literary criticism
An introduction to literature and literary criticismAn introduction to literature and literary criticism
An introduction to literature and literary criticism
Marlina Lina
 
Comparison Between "The White Tiger" and the movie "Slumdog Millionaire"
Comparison Between "The White Tiger" and the movie "Slumdog Millionaire"Comparison Between "The White Tiger" and the movie "Slumdog Millionaire"
Comparison Between "The White Tiger" and the movie "Slumdog Millionaire"
Department of English, M K Bhavnagar University
 
CHARACTER STUDY OF SWAMP DWELLERS BY WOLE SOYINKA
CHARACTER STUDY OF SWAMP DWELLERS BY WOLE SOYINKACHARACTER STUDY OF SWAMP DWELLERS BY WOLE SOYINKA
CHARACTER STUDY OF SWAMP DWELLERS BY WOLE SOYINKA
Department of English, M K Bhavnagar University
 
The fakeer of jungheera as a metrical tale
The fakeer of jungheera as a metrical tale The fakeer of jungheera as a metrical tale
The fakeer of jungheera as a metrical tale
Department of English, M K Bhavnagar University
 
Theory of Rasa
Theory of RasaTheory of Rasa
Character of caliban in "The Tempest" and "A Tempest"
Character of caliban in "The Tempest" and "A Tempest"Character of caliban in "The Tempest" and "A Tempest"
Character of caliban in "The Tempest" and "A Tempest"
Department of English, M K Bhavnagar University
 
Victimization of Women in "Ode to Psyche"
Victimization of Women in "Ode to Psyche"Victimization of Women in "Ode to Psyche"
Victimization of Women in "Ode to Psyche"
Department of English, M K Bhavnagar University
 
Intercultural Communication
Intercultural CommunicationIntercultural Communication
Robert Frost’s Poetry – “Stopping by Woods” &“Fire and Ice”
Robert Frost’s Poetry – “Stopping by Woods”  &“Fire and Ice”Robert Frost’s Poetry – “Stopping by Woods”  &“Fire and Ice”
Robert Frost’s Poetry – “Stopping by Woods” &“Fire and Ice”
Department of English, M K Bhavnagar University
 
General characteristics of Modern literature/ Background.
General characteristics of Modern literature/ Background.General characteristics of Modern literature/ Background.
General characteristics of Modern literature/ Background.
Department of English, M K Bhavnagar University
 
Tom jones as comic epic in prose
Tom jones as comic epic in prose Tom jones as comic epic in prose
Tom jones as comic epic in prose
Department of English, M K Bhavnagar University
 
Literary Theory And Criticism
Literary Theory And CriticismLiterary Theory And Criticism
Literary Theory And Criticism
Dr. Cupid Lucid
 

Viewers also liked (13)

Definition Of Tragedy And Play By Aristotle And Dryden
Definition Of Tragedy And Play By Aristotle And DrydenDefinition Of Tragedy And Play By Aristotle And Dryden
Definition Of Tragedy And Play By Aristotle And Dryden
 
An introduction to literature and literary criticism
An introduction to literature and literary criticismAn introduction to literature and literary criticism
An introduction to literature and literary criticism
 
Comparison Between "The White Tiger" and the movie "Slumdog Millionaire"
Comparison Between "The White Tiger" and the movie "Slumdog Millionaire"Comparison Between "The White Tiger" and the movie "Slumdog Millionaire"
Comparison Between "The White Tiger" and the movie "Slumdog Millionaire"
 
CHARACTER STUDY OF SWAMP DWELLERS BY WOLE SOYINKA
CHARACTER STUDY OF SWAMP DWELLERS BY WOLE SOYINKACHARACTER STUDY OF SWAMP DWELLERS BY WOLE SOYINKA
CHARACTER STUDY OF SWAMP DWELLERS BY WOLE SOYINKA
 
The fakeer of jungheera as a metrical tale
The fakeer of jungheera as a metrical tale The fakeer of jungheera as a metrical tale
The fakeer of jungheera as a metrical tale
 
Theory of Rasa
Theory of RasaTheory of Rasa
Theory of Rasa
 
Character of caliban in "The Tempest" and "A Tempest"
Character of caliban in "The Tempest" and "A Tempest"Character of caliban in "The Tempest" and "A Tempest"
Character of caliban in "The Tempest" and "A Tempest"
 
Victimization of Women in "Ode to Psyche"
Victimization of Women in "Ode to Psyche"Victimization of Women in "Ode to Psyche"
Victimization of Women in "Ode to Psyche"
 
Intercultural Communication
Intercultural CommunicationIntercultural Communication
Intercultural Communication
 
Robert Frost’s Poetry – “Stopping by Woods” &“Fire and Ice”
Robert Frost’s Poetry – “Stopping by Woods”  &“Fire and Ice”Robert Frost’s Poetry – “Stopping by Woods”  &“Fire and Ice”
Robert Frost’s Poetry – “Stopping by Woods” &“Fire and Ice”
 
General characteristics of Modern literature/ Background.
General characteristics of Modern literature/ Background.General characteristics of Modern literature/ Background.
General characteristics of Modern literature/ Background.
 
Tom jones as comic epic in prose
Tom jones as comic epic in prose Tom jones as comic epic in prose
Tom jones as comic epic in prose
 
Literary Theory And Criticism
Literary Theory And CriticismLiterary Theory And Criticism
Literary Theory And Criticism
 

Similar to Catharsis

Catharsis
Catharsis Catharsis
Catharsis
Urvi Dave
 
Paper no . : 3 ( Literary Theory & Criticism )
Paper  no . : 3 ( Literary Theory & Criticism )Paper  no . : 3 ( Literary Theory & Criticism )
Paper no . : 3 ( Literary Theory & Criticism )
8460227268
 
paper:3
paper:3paper:3
paper:3
SejalParmar22
 
Document from disha gediya
Document from disha gediyaDocument from disha gediya
Document from disha gediya
Disha gediya Disha gediya
 
September 30 (102)
September 30 (102)September 30 (102)
September 30 (102)
MelissaJLong
 
Pity, fear, and catharsis in aristotles poetics, by charles b. daniels and sa...
Pity, fear, and catharsis in aristotles poetics, by charles b. daniels and sa...Pity, fear, and catharsis in aristotles poetics, by charles b. daniels and sa...
Pity, fear, and catharsis in aristotles poetics, by charles b. daniels and sa...
Mariane Farias
 
Presentation3
Presentation3Presentation3
Presentation3
sharkdar
 
Aristotelian Tragedy
Aristotelian TragedyAristotelian Tragedy
Aristotelian Tragedy
sharkdar
 
Catharsis
CatharsisCatharsis
Aristotles study of tragedy, by henry alonzo
Aristotles study of tragedy, by henry alonzoAristotles study of tragedy, by henry alonzo
Aristotles study of tragedy, by henry alonzo
Mariane Farias
 
Elit 17 class 11 othello
Elit 17 class 11 othello Elit 17 class 11 othello
Elit 17 class 11 othello
jordanlachance
 
International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention (IJHSSI)
International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention (IJHSSI)International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention (IJHSSI)
International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention (IJHSSI)
inventionjournals
 
Water Pollution Essay
Water Pollution EssayWater Pollution Essay
Water Pollution Essay
Amy Moore
 
Water Pollution Essay.pdf
Water Pollution Essay.pdfWater Pollution Essay.pdf
Water Pollution Essay.pdf
Jamie Jackson
 
Streetcar tragedy
Streetcar   tragedyStreetcar   tragedy
Streetcar tragedy
raybloggs
 
A Taste For Chaos Creative Nonfiction As Improvisation
A Taste For Chaos  Creative Nonfiction As ImprovisationA Taste For Chaos  Creative Nonfiction As Improvisation
A Taste For Chaos Creative Nonfiction As Improvisation
Stephen Faucher
 
Elit 17 class 12n othello
Elit 17 class 12n othello Elit 17 class 12n othello
Elit 17 class 12n othello
jordanlachance
 
Elit 17 class 12n othello
Elit 17 class 12n othello Elit 17 class 12n othello
Elit 17 class 12n othello
jordanlachance
 
T.s eliot(final)
T.s eliot(final)T.s eliot(final)
T.s eliot(final)
rajib ahmed
 
Ewrt 1 c class 22 trauma
Ewrt 1 c class 22 traumaEwrt 1 c class 22 trauma
Ewrt 1 c class 22 trauma
jordanlachance
 

Similar to Catharsis (20)

Catharsis
Catharsis Catharsis
Catharsis
 
Paper no . : 3 ( Literary Theory & Criticism )
Paper  no . : 3 ( Literary Theory & Criticism )Paper  no . : 3 ( Literary Theory & Criticism )
Paper no . : 3 ( Literary Theory & Criticism )
 
paper:3
paper:3paper:3
paper:3
 
Document from disha gediya
Document from disha gediyaDocument from disha gediya
Document from disha gediya
 
September 30 (102)
September 30 (102)September 30 (102)
September 30 (102)
 
Pity, fear, and catharsis in aristotles poetics, by charles b. daniels and sa...
Pity, fear, and catharsis in aristotles poetics, by charles b. daniels and sa...Pity, fear, and catharsis in aristotles poetics, by charles b. daniels and sa...
Pity, fear, and catharsis in aristotles poetics, by charles b. daniels and sa...
 
Presentation3
Presentation3Presentation3
Presentation3
 
Aristotelian Tragedy
Aristotelian TragedyAristotelian Tragedy
Aristotelian Tragedy
 
Catharsis
CatharsisCatharsis
Catharsis
 
Aristotles study of tragedy, by henry alonzo
Aristotles study of tragedy, by henry alonzoAristotles study of tragedy, by henry alonzo
Aristotles study of tragedy, by henry alonzo
 
Elit 17 class 11 othello
Elit 17 class 11 othello Elit 17 class 11 othello
Elit 17 class 11 othello
 
International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention (IJHSSI)
International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention (IJHSSI)International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention (IJHSSI)
International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention (IJHSSI)
 
Water Pollution Essay
Water Pollution EssayWater Pollution Essay
Water Pollution Essay
 
Water Pollution Essay.pdf
Water Pollution Essay.pdfWater Pollution Essay.pdf
Water Pollution Essay.pdf
 
Streetcar tragedy
Streetcar   tragedyStreetcar   tragedy
Streetcar tragedy
 
A Taste For Chaos Creative Nonfiction As Improvisation
A Taste For Chaos  Creative Nonfiction As ImprovisationA Taste For Chaos  Creative Nonfiction As Improvisation
A Taste For Chaos Creative Nonfiction As Improvisation
 
Elit 17 class 12n othello
Elit 17 class 12n othello Elit 17 class 12n othello
Elit 17 class 12n othello
 
Elit 17 class 12n othello
Elit 17 class 12n othello Elit 17 class 12n othello
Elit 17 class 12n othello
 
T.s eliot(final)
T.s eliot(final)T.s eliot(final)
T.s eliot(final)
 
Ewrt 1 c class 22 trauma
Ewrt 1 c class 22 traumaEwrt 1 c class 22 trauma
Ewrt 1 c class 22 trauma
 

More from Department of English, M K Bhavnagar University

Types of Advertisement
Types of AdvertisementTypes of Advertisement
Resume/ C.V/ Biodata and E- portfolio
Resume/ C.V/ Biodata and E- portfolioResume/ C.V/ Biodata and E- portfolio
Resume/ C.V/ Biodata and E- portfolio
Department of English, M K Bhavnagar University
 
Literature and multiculturalism
Literature and multiculturalismLiterature and multiculturalism
Literature and multiculturalism
Department of English, M K Bhavnagar University
 
Introduction about Daily Schedule Committee
Introduction about Daily Schedule CommitteeIntroduction about Daily Schedule Committee
Introduction about Daily Schedule Committee
Department of English, M K Bhavnagar University
 
Elt task
Elt taskElt task
African American Writers
African American WritersAfrican American Writers
Women empowerment
Women empowerment Women empowerment

More from Department of English, M K Bhavnagar University (7)

Types of Advertisement
Types of AdvertisementTypes of Advertisement
Types of Advertisement
 
Resume/ C.V/ Biodata and E- portfolio
Resume/ C.V/ Biodata and E- portfolioResume/ C.V/ Biodata and E- portfolio
Resume/ C.V/ Biodata and E- portfolio
 
Literature and multiculturalism
Literature and multiculturalismLiterature and multiculturalism
Literature and multiculturalism
 
Introduction about Daily Schedule Committee
Introduction about Daily Schedule CommitteeIntroduction about Daily Schedule Committee
Introduction about Daily Schedule Committee
 
Elt task
Elt taskElt task
Elt task
 
African American Writers
African American WritersAfrican American Writers
African American Writers
 
Women empowerment
Women empowerment Women empowerment
Women empowerment
 

Recently uploaded

World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
ak6969907
 
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental DesignDigital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
amberjdewit93
 
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
Celine George
 
MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE” .
MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE”           .MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE”           .
MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE” .
Colégio Santa Teresinha
 
Azure Interview Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
Azure Interview Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHatAzure Interview Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
Azure Interview Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdfLiberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
WaniBasim
 
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp NetworkIntroduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
TechSoup
 
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective UpskillingYour Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Excellence Foundation for South Sudan
 
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)
 
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movieFilm vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Nicholas Montgomery
 
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdfANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
Priyankaranawat4
 
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICTSmart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
simonomuemu
 
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collectionThe Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
Israel Genealogy Research Association
 
Assessment and Planning in Educational technology.pptx
Assessment and Planning in Educational technology.pptxAssessment and Planning in Educational technology.pptx
Assessment and Planning in Educational technology.pptx
Kavitha Krishnan
 
Digital Artifact 1 - 10VCD Environments Unit
Digital Artifact 1 - 10VCD Environments UnitDigital Artifact 1 - 10VCD Environments Unit
Digital Artifact 1 - 10VCD Environments Unit
chanes7
 
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdfA Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
Jean Carlos Nunes Paixão
 
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street NamesThe History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
History of Stoke Newington
 
Advanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docx
Advanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docxAdvanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docx
Advanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docx
adhitya5119
 
Types of Herbal Cosmetics its standardization.
Types of Herbal Cosmetics its standardization.Types of Herbal Cosmetics its standardization.
Types of Herbal Cosmetics its standardization.
Ashokrao Mane college of Pharmacy Peth-Vadgaon
 
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 

Recently uploaded (20)

World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
 
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental DesignDigital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
 
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
 
MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE” .
MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE”           .MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE”           .
MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE” .
 
Azure Interview Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
Azure Interview Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHatAzure Interview Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
Azure Interview Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
 
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdfLiberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
 
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp NetworkIntroduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
 
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective UpskillingYour Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
 
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
 
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movieFilm vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
 
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdfANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
 
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICTSmart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
 
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collectionThe Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
 
Assessment and Planning in Educational technology.pptx
Assessment and Planning in Educational technology.pptxAssessment and Planning in Educational technology.pptx
Assessment and Planning in Educational technology.pptx
 
Digital Artifact 1 - 10VCD Environments Unit
Digital Artifact 1 - 10VCD Environments UnitDigital Artifact 1 - 10VCD Environments Unit
Digital Artifact 1 - 10VCD Environments Unit
 
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdfA Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
 
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street NamesThe History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
 
Advanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docx
Advanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docxAdvanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docx
Advanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docx
 
Types of Herbal Cosmetics its standardization.
Types of Herbal Cosmetics its standardization.Types of Herbal Cosmetics its standardization.
Types of Herbal Cosmetics its standardization.
 
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
 

Catharsis

  • 1. CATHARSIS Presented by- Divya Choudhary Class- M A Semester- 1 Paper no.- 3 Paper Name – Literary Theory & Criticism Batch Year- 2015-17 Enrolment No.- PG15101007 Email id- choudharydivya400@mail.com Submitted to- Smt. S B Gardi Department of English Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University
  • 2.  What is Catharsis? As the exact meaning and concept of Catharsis, there has been a lot of controversy among scholars and critics down to the centuries. Therefore, it deserved separate treatment. Let us consider it in details.
  • 3. John Morley has rightly said: “the immense controversy, carried on in books, pamphlets, sheets and flying articles, mostly German, as to what it was that Aristotle really meant by the famous words in the sixth chapter of the poetics, about tragedy accomplishing the purification of our moods and sympathetic fear, is one of the disgraces of the human intelligence, a grotesque movement of sterility”.
  • 4. F.L.Lucas in his tragedy: serious drama in relation to Aristotle's poetics asks three questions. These questions are- 1. What was really Aristotle's views? • Catharsis means ‘purification’, correction or refinement’. • It has been suggested that our pity and fear are ‘purified' in the theatre by becoming disinterested. • It is bad to be selfishly sentimental. Timid and querulous; but it is good to pity Othello or to fear for hamlet.
  • 5. • Catharsis means not ‘purification’, but ‘purgation’; a medical metaphor. Yet, owing to changes in medical thought, ‘purgation’ has become radically misleading to modern minds. • But catharsis means ‘purgation’, not in the modern, but in the older, wider English sense which includes the partial removal of excess ‘humour’. • Catharsis as ‘moderating' or ‘tempting' of the passions.
  • 6. 2. How far is Aristotle's view of catharsis true? • Here is a example of tragedy that we may feel released when certain emotions are worked up in the mind and are rinsed out as it were at the end which is more or less positive by implication for death or calamity is explained and accounted for as arising from certain avoidable weakness or emasculations of the hero. • Fulfillment or satisfaction. • Positive and corrective of tragic errors to the spectators. • Tragic delight. • Certain moral ends of catharsis might be incidentally achieved. But it is not the chief end of tragedy.
  • 7. 3.What led Aristotle to adopt this theory? • F.L.Lucas quote that “poetry, said Plato, makes men cowardly by its picture of the afterworld. No replies by Aristotle, it can purge men’s fears. Poetry, said Plato, encourages men to be hysterical and uncontrolled. On the contrary, answers his pupil, it makes them less, not more, emotional by giving a periodic healthy outlet to their feelings. Aristotle’s definition of tragedy is half a defence”.
  • 8.  Analytical inquiry of Aristotle's into the nature of tragic delight and its psychological effects. Catharsis established tragedy as a drama of balance.  Such tragic beauty and tragic feeling which it evokes constitutes the aesthetics of balance as propounded for the first time by Aristotle in his theory of catharsis.