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State	
  of	
  the	
  Na*on	
  Study:	
  K-­‐12	
  Online	
  
Learning	
  in	
  Canada	
  
Michael	
  K.	
  Barbour	
  
Sacred	
  Heart	
  University	
  
	
  
State of the Nation:
K–12 Online Learning in Canada
®
Written by
Michael K. Barbour,
Wayne State University
Career & Elective Courses
Methodology	
  
Jurisdiction 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
NL KS / DA MoE / DA DA MoE DA MoE / DA
NS DA MoE / DA MoE / DA MoE / DA MoE / DA MoE
PE DA KS / DA MoE MoE MoE MoE
NB DA MoE / DA MoE MoE / DA MoE MoE
QC KS KS / DA MoE / KS MoE / KS MoE / KS MoE / KS
ON KS / DA KS / DA KS / DA MoE / DA MoE / DA MoE / KS
MB KS MoE / DA MoE MoE MoE MoE
SK KS / DA MoE MoE MoE / KS MoE / KS MoE / KS
AB DA KS / DA KS / DA MoE MoE / DA MoE / DA
BC MoE / DA MoE / DA MoE MoE MoE MoE
YT DA KS / DA MoE / DA MoE MoE MoE
NT DA MoE / DA DA MoE MoE MoE
NU DA MoE MoE MoE MoE MoE
Federal - - - - - AANDC / KS / DA
!
Na-onal	
  Overview	
  -­‐	
  Ac-vity	
  
Na-onal	
  Overview	
  -­‐	
  Ac-vity	
  
Na-onal	
  Overview	
  -­‐	
  Ac-vity	
  
Na-onal	
  Overview	
  -­‐	
  Ac-vity	
  
Jurisdiction # of K-12 students # enroled in distance education Percent involvement
NL 67,604 1,232 1.8%
NS 128,131 ~2,550 2.0%
PE 20,406 62 0.3%
NB 101,079 ~2,250 2.2%
QC 1,306,848 39,618 3.0%
ON 2,051,865 76,337 3.7%
MB 195,152 11,351 5.8%
SK 169,939 ~8,000* 4.7%
AB 616,375 63,238 10.3%
BC 638,835 78,168 12.2%
YT 5,122 74 1.4%
NT 8,300 267 3.2%
NU 9,074 11 0.1%
Federal 138,400 1,805 0.1%
Total 5,456,800 284,963 5.2%
!
Na-onal	
  Overview	
  -­‐	
  Regula-ons	
  
1.  Legisla-ve	
  language	
  to	
  specifically	
  govern	
  DE	
  
•  NS,	
  BC	
  
2.  Policy	
  handbooks	
  outlining	
  regula-on	
  to	
  
par-cipate	
  in	
  DE	
  
•  NB,	
  ON,	
  MB	
  
3.  Individual	
  agreements	
  with	
  DE	
  programs	
  
•  PE,	
  ON,	
  BC,	
  YK,	
  NT,	
  NV,	
  Federal	
  (some)	
  
4.  None	
  
•  NL,	
  QC,	
  SK	
  
Trends	
  
1.  K–12	
  distance	
  educa-on	
  con-nues	
  to	
  grow	
  each	
  
year.	
  
2.  BeVer	
  data	
  collec-on	
  is	
  needed	
  to	
  be	
  able	
  to	
  
understand	
  the	
  exact	
  level	
  of	
  K–12	
  distance	
  
educa-on.	
  
3.  Unions	
  con-nue	
  to	
  remain	
  cau-ously	
  suppor-ve	
  
of	
  K–12	
  distance	
  educa-on.	
  
4.  More	
  research	
  is	
  required	
  into	
  the	
  design,	
  delivery	
  
and	
  support	
  of	
  K–12	
  distance	
  educa-on	
  to	
  help	
  
policy	
  makers	
  make	
  beVer	
  informed	
  regulatory	
  
decisions	
  
Federal	
  Programs	
  
Federal	
  Programs	
  
Ontario	
  
hVp://www.amoskeyjr.com	
  
•  began	
  in	
  2008	
  
•  went	
  from	
  8	
  to	
  over	
  30	
  
courses	
  
– several	
  Na-ve	
  language	
  
courses	
  
Federal	
  Programs	
  
Saskatchewan	
  
hVp://www.credenda.net	
  
•  began	
  in	
  2005-­‐06	
  
•  delivered	
  4,922	
  courses	
  to	
  
First	
  Na-ons	
  students	
  
•  76%	
  reten-on	
  rate	
  
•  72%	
  success	
  rate	
  
Federal	
  Programs	
  
Ontario	
  
hVp://kihs.knet.ca	
  
•  began	
  in	
  1999	
  
•  servicing	
  13	
  partner	
  
communi-es	
  (10	
  “fly	
  in”)	
  
•  ~70%	
  reten-on	
  rates	
  
•  70	
  graduates	
  since	
  2005	
  
Federal	
  Programs	
  
Alberta	
  
hVp://www.sccyber.net	
  
•  began	
  in	
  2000	
  
•  comple-on	
  rates	
  of	
  70%+	
  
•  gradua-on	
  rates	
  of	
  80%	
  
Federal	
  Programs	
  
Manitoba	
  
hVp://www.wapaskwa.ca	
  
•  began	
  in	
  2009	
  
•  partnership	
  with	
  48	
  First	
  
Na-ons	
  
•  ~90%	
  pass	
  rate	
  
hDp://virtualschool.wikispaces.com/canada/	
  
Your	
  
Ques-ons	
  
and	
  
Comments	
  
 Director	
  of	
  Doctoral	
  Studies	
  
Sacred	
  Heart	
  University,	
  USA	
  
mkbarbour@gmail.com	
  
hVp://www.michaelbarbour.com	
  
	
  

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Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research 2014 - State of the Nation Study: K-12 Online Learning in Canada

  • 1. State  of  the  Na*on  Study:  K-­‐12  Online   Learning  in  Canada   Michael  K.  Barbour   Sacred  Heart  University    
  • 2. State of the Nation: K–12 Online Learning in Canada ® Written by Michael K. Barbour, Wayne State University
  • 4. Methodology   Jurisdiction 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 NL KS / DA MoE / DA DA MoE DA MoE / DA NS DA MoE / DA MoE / DA MoE / DA MoE / DA MoE PE DA KS / DA MoE MoE MoE MoE NB DA MoE / DA MoE MoE / DA MoE MoE QC KS KS / DA MoE / KS MoE / KS MoE / KS MoE / KS ON KS / DA KS / DA KS / DA MoE / DA MoE / DA MoE / KS MB KS MoE / DA MoE MoE MoE MoE SK KS / DA MoE MoE MoE / KS MoE / KS MoE / KS AB DA KS / DA KS / DA MoE MoE / DA MoE / DA BC MoE / DA MoE / DA MoE MoE MoE MoE YT DA KS / DA MoE / DA MoE MoE MoE NT DA MoE / DA DA MoE MoE MoE NU DA MoE MoE MoE MoE MoE Federal - - - - - AANDC / KS / DA !
  • 8. Na-onal  Overview  -­‐  Ac-vity   Jurisdiction # of K-12 students # enroled in distance education Percent involvement NL 67,604 1,232 1.8% NS 128,131 ~2,550 2.0% PE 20,406 62 0.3% NB 101,079 ~2,250 2.2% QC 1,306,848 39,618 3.0% ON 2,051,865 76,337 3.7% MB 195,152 11,351 5.8% SK 169,939 ~8,000* 4.7% AB 616,375 63,238 10.3% BC 638,835 78,168 12.2% YT 5,122 74 1.4% NT 8,300 267 3.2% NU 9,074 11 0.1% Federal 138,400 1,805 0.1% Total 5,456,800 284,963 5.2% !
  • 9. Na-onal  Overview  -­‐  Regula-ons   1.  Legisla-ve  language  to  specifically  govern  DE   •  NS,  BC   2.  Policy  handbooks  outlining  regula-on  to   par-cipate  in  DE   •  NB,  ON,  MB   3.  Individual  agreements  with  DE  programs   •  PE,  ON,  BC,  YK,  NT,  NV,  Federal  (some)   4.  None   •  NL,  QC,  SK  
  • 10. Trends   1.  K–12  distance  educa-on  con-nues  to  grow  each   year.   2.  BeVer  data  collec-on  is  needed  to  be  able  to   understand  the  exact  level  of  K–12  distance   educa-on.   3.  Unions  con-nue  to  remain  cau-ously  suppor-ve   of  K–12  distance  educa-on.   4.  More  research  is  required  into  the  design,  delivery   and  support  of  K–12  distance  educa-on  to  help   policy  makers  make  beVer  informed  regulatory   decisions  
  • 12. Federal  Programs   Ontario   hVp://www.amoskeyjr.com   •  began  in  2008   •  went  from  8  to  over  30   courses   – several  Na-ve  language   courses  
  • 13. Federal  Programs   Saskatchewan   hVp://www.credenda.net   •  began  in  2005-­‐06   •  delivered  4,922  courses  to   First  Na-ons  students   •  76%  reten-on  rate   •  72%  success  rate  
  • 14. Federal  Programs   Ontario   hVp://kihs.knet.ca   •  began  in  1999   •  servicing  13  partner   communi-es  (10  “fly  in”)   •  ~70%  reten-on  rates   •  70  graduates  since  2005  
  • 15. Federal  Programs   Alberta   hVp://www.sccyber.net   •  began  in  2000   •  comple-on  rates  of  70%+   •  gradua-on  rates  of  80%  
  • 16. Federal  Programs   Manitoba   hVp://www.wapaskwa.ca   •  began  in  2009   •  partnership  with  48  First   Na-ons   •  ~90%  pass  rate  
  • 17.
  • 19. Your   Ques-ons   and   Comments  
  • 20.  Director  of  Doctoral  Studies   Sacred  Heart  University,  USA   mkbarbour@gmail.com   hVp://www.michaelbarbour.com